Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 08, 1900, Page 9, Image 9

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THE MOBNING OREGONIAN, MONDAY, JANUARY 8, 1900.
IY AGAINST FREE TRADE
J3IE MARKET SHOULD BE KU-
JESTVED FOR HOME PKODUCTIOX.
solution Acrahsst Admitting: Trop
leal feucar, Tobacco, Etc., to Dls-
conrnsrc Oor Infant Industries.
BF11IXGFIELD. Mass., Jan- 1. The
r.eri-an Agriculturist is orgamzins a
aoclgn against tne tree .admission uuu
" i mtoA States of tobacco, clears.
Igar, produce, etc., from tropical coun
les. The various agricultural ana pro
Icng inlerests of the country arc greatly
jiturbed over tno president s recommen
!i irtn nf f rp trade -with Puerto Rico, and
reduction In duties on all products and
.nufactures from Cuba, irom ail tn-e
ktish West Indies, Including British
iari and also a 20 ner cent reduction
wfr hides and suear from Argentina.
ni; fftrf'nir found exnression in two 1m-
Irtant conferences held a.t Omaha recent-
"he first was theN annual meeting of tho
lerlran Beet Sugar Manufacturers As-
f cation, consisting of each, company that
engaged In the manufacture of sugar
;m bee ta, or that Is planning to build
be?t sugar factors'. The meeting was
ended by delegates from New York,
.:h.gan, Indiana, Illinois, Minnesota,
r.io, "Wisconsin, isebraska, Colorado,
:w MoJco, Utah, Washington, Oregon
td CaLfumca. The following officers
fcre elected: Henry T. Osnard, of New
rk and San Francisco, president; Julius
-oh. of Detroit, treasurer, and K. M.
Ilea, of Ames, Neb., secretary, who com-
rise the executive committee, together
fcth cno vice-president from each state
le next annual meeting will be heTd
ie first Monday in December at Detroit.
lere are nine immense beet sugar fac-
Jries in the single state of Michigan, and
any others are contemplated throughout
l.e Middle and "Western states if tho do-
festic market Is reserved for their prod-
pt. The following was unanimously
Biopted:
'Whereas, The consumption of sugar In
q Triced States now approximates 5,000,-
1000 pounds, being larger in bulk per
Lj.ta inan any other nation, of which
iormous consumption less tlian G00,OQ0,T00
gmnrs, or about 10 per cent, are produced
lorn sugar cane and beets within tne
:rders of the United States; and
r'Whcreas, The experiments of the gov-
lment made under the direction of the
bpartment of agriculture and the actual
iuctlon of sugar from beets at the
Tories located in 12 states here repre-
ited, clearly evidence that the country
capable of producing, under fair safe-
lards of the industry, all the sugar con-
imed by its people; and
r "Whereas, Such production affords a dl-
?rs.fie& industry of the- greatest Import-
ire and is a special boon of value to the
sneers of this country; and
i" Whereas, The importation of cane sugar
rom tropical islands, under principles of
fcc proclty, or free sugar or tinder great-
reduced duties awarded because they
Insular dependencies of the United
ites, would bring into competition a
roduct raised by coolie and debased labor
would be ruinous to the American
rmer and to the production of sugar
the United States. Therefore.
I "Resolved, The present tariff duties are
sentlal not only to the increase of this
iluable industry, but to its very exlst-
ice, and if modified in any particular
lore should be no action, either by change
law or from reciprocity, that
ill increase the importation of
ado sugar, which affords no profit
.ncome to the farmer, but is simply
featorial to be refined and marketed.
i"Rcsoled, That as agriculture and la
ir have borne the brunt of protection tor
sany years, it is only fair and just that
w that the chance has been held forth
or development in the line of sugar pro
motion, and vast sums invested in 12
rates of the tJnlon, the industry thus
sstcred and the capital thus invested
m-d not be injured, either by reciprocity
f-eatlea or granting the importation of
igar and other products, which compete
rith he output of the American farmer
it reduced rates, or free of duty from
Juerto Rico, Cuba or the Philippines."
jtieaprue to Help Tobacco Interests.
1 Representatives were also present at
fmaha from the cano sugar plantations
tne South, and from tho tobacco-grow-
of the New England, Middle and
;uthern states, etc. It was pointed out
hat tobacco and cigars, fruits and vege-
-!es, etc, were even more "threatened.
fuller Myrick made a strong plea for a
jalltion of all these interests against trop-
il free trade a policy that would oper-
mainly to benefit the sugar refiners'
ist and tobacco trust He advocated
lie Interests of farmers, cigar-makers and
fcher laborers.
The conference voted to effect a prelim-
organization under the name "The
lague of domestic producers of beet and
ice sugar, tobacco and cigars, cotton
p.d rice, -fruit and vegetables, nuts, etc"
permanent organization is to be made
Bt a national convention to be called later.
ie w rrk meanwhile was put in charge of
committee consisting of Herbert Myrick,
imps P. Cooke and Henry McCall, of
tew Organs; President P. B. Moodle, of
te National Cigar Lreaf Tobacco-Growers'
:o-iaJon; G. IT- Perkins, president
Lmcrlsan Cigar-Makers' Union; H. T.
fxnard, president Beet Sugar Manufactur-
Association: H. S. Frve. resident
lew England Tobacco-Growers' Associa-
icn, Samuel Gompers, president Juneri-
Feleration of Labor, with power to
U to Jieir number from all other agti-
Jtural affii allied organizations.
iT'-.s league formulated- its demands as
i.Iow:
"L That the United States senate defeat
le prncLng treaties of reciprocity with the
plt-h Ytest Indies, whereby sugar ana
ttrT procucts from those Islands are to
admitted into the United States at a
" -ctien in tariff rates.
"2. "We oppose the recommendation that
fuban sugar, tobacco, cigars, etc, be ad-
p 1 d rt a like reduction in duty. "We
also oppose the recommendation tl?at
lerto Rican products be admitted to this
licrkPt r'uty free.
" vTe regard the proposed reduction m
ut:.s in sugar, woo! and hides Imported
-ra Argentina as destined to seriously
-rc 2 nestle agriculture
' i That all sugar, tobacco, cisrars and
pT products which compete with the
r; ucts Af our American farmers ana
a-turcrs continue to pay the full
i'o 'f da'les, irrespective of whether such
ard other produce comes from Puer-R--i,
Cuba the Philippines or other
irts r the world.
"5. Tl-t thus the labor and canltal in-
lostel In our domestic agricultural ana
r: J manufacturing industries may have
'- r crnnce against the coolie labor ana
jhanopc Irs of the tropics.
o. agriculture and labor have borne the
u-t t rroection for these many years,
lav f-rroA the right to be themselves
!a y well treated now that they Have
Taf a crisis, and nothing less will sat-
f-fy tern."
riiat American Asrlcnlturist Saya.
! Commenting on these proceedings, the
r-er-can Agriculturist says editorially:
England refuses to help her lannrulsn-
ig colonies in tho "West Indies, althouch
ho could bsstow prosperity upon them by
ipos'ng upon sugar imported into Great
fer.taln from Europe a countervailing tax
;ual to the German bounties on beet su-
ar The British West Indies therefore
?ck admission to the United States mar
ket by so-called treaties of reciprocity,
rh.ch would give tropical produce even
reater advantages in the states than It
Sow has In Canada. President McKimey
iors such an arrangement, and -uses
as an excuse for admitting merchandise
rom Cuba under equally adt'antageou:,
pscouns from existing rates of duty. The
I'-es'dPnt also advises absolute free trade
'ih Puerto Rico. How such a policy will
r-rt important agricultural and allied
arnfaciurlng- industries in Ihe UrJtea J
States Is emphasized by our reports or
the important meetings at Omaha labt
week. The facts in the case have been
made familiar to our readers heretofore.
It Is not to be Imagined that congress will
favor any such wholesale destruction of
our farmers' interests. Certainly the pub
lic do hot sanction it, much less the far
mers. "We beileve It better In every way
to pay our farmers here In the United
States the money now sent away ror
sugar, instead of putting these vast sums
into the coffers oE the sugar refiners' trust
with its colonlal-syndlcate-coolle-labor an
nex. The president will doubtless be the
last to insist upon his recommendations,
when informed as to their probable result
One Df tbo fiT?rt- vprcultc nf trnrtlnfll rrom
j trade would be to wipe out cigar leaf
toDacco culture In the United States and
throughout the country. It is strahgo
that, just as our Connecticut and Housa
tonlc valley growers make a little money
on their tobacco crop, something turnn
up to kick the whole thing over. They
have won their fight heretofore, howevet
with benefits that are emphasized by
this season's prosperity and know how
to do it again."
PORTLAND LETTER LIST.
Pensona calling: for these letters will pleaso
state date on which they were advertised. Jan
uary a !They will be charged for at the rate of
1 cent each:
WOMEN'S LIST.
AWn. ilra .Ellea Khshman, Mra Mary A
Aldrlch. Jtlss Kronnlcfc Mrs Cad
Allen, Miss Lou Laync. Miss M
Bartniclt, Mlsa LudwIcaLdrsoa, Mrs Charley
Bassett, Miss E E Lemere, Mrs Estella.
Berler, Kitty Lang, Sophie
Barry, Mrs T H Lelow, Mrs Jas
Blawar, Mrs R Leavy, Mrs Barbra
oaiman, .anss Alta .kiuoeay, Mrs L E
Bradford, Miss ZelU
Lindsay, Mrs Maggie
McBnde. .Mlsa Etta
McCormlck, Mrs and
tamlly
McCreary, Mrs Carllne
McFadderi, Mrs Flor
ence McICenzle, Mrs G It
Mandens. Mrs Pauline
Matthews, Mrs Fannie
Mayo, Mrs J T
Miller, Mrs Mlltld
Morgan, Mrs William.
Nelson, MIe3 Eva-2
Nelson, Minnie
Osborn, "MtAi Pearl
Owen, Miss Jennie M
Odell, Elenor
Poison, Verna
Kpp, Miss Agnes
Iteed, Miss Bess
Rcgge. Miss Elizabeth
Bogers. .Mrs Eva
Hess, Mrs A Grace
.tsrownell, Jennie
Buckley, Mrs Hose
Burkhardt. Mies Delia
Buonong. MIsb Prill
Cairns, Alice V
Carl. Maud
CloBrert, Mra Geo D
Crasmer. Miss Annlo
Dyer, Mrs Myrtle J
Daly, Mrs Edith
Deltz. Miss Bertha
Dugard, Miss Masgle
Dubois, Mine Louise
Elliott, Mrs J
Emerlck, Miss Emma
E-ans, Mrs S
Faulkner, Miss Nora
FecWielmer, Mrs C
Hake. Miss Minnie
Fox. Lottie
Goetz, Miss Annie
Gray. Mrs M E
Haggard, Mrs G A
Halfstad. Mrs Flora.
Hammond, Dr .Nettle E Sales' Jennie P
itoss, Sadie
iiansen. .Mrs zi Schearer. Mrs E
xvu-iin, jirs veiesue
Hastings, Miss Rita
Hays, Mrs Maud
Seas, Miss Marie
Hecox; Miss Earnie
Hoag, Mrs S E
Hoes, Miss Josephine
Hough, Miss A M
Howes, Mrs H E B
Hofer, Miss Ona
Shepard, Miss Mabel
bimpson. Mrs John
Smith, Miss Stella
Bouthworth, Miss Pearl-
Eprague. Mrs L C
Steel. Mrs Bell
Street. Mrs
Taylor, Ljdia
Thompson. Mrs George
Walker, Mlsa Lulu W
miasm, airs
Hubbard. Miss Bpssta War ' atc c.ji.
Hummel. Mrs Grace Wascrwitz, Mrs Myra
iu"s;j jiura oeamce vvaiers, Jiiss fearl
Hyatt. Mrs M V
Wetzel. Mr6 Ella A
James, Mrs T
Joslyn, Mrs O W, Jr
Johnson, Miss Ida M
Johnson, Mra Rose
Rune, Miss Emma
Karastl. Mites Lizzie
Kane. Mrs May
Kinnie, Miss Katie
Weberg, Mies Nelly
Weberg. Mls3 Nellie
Wells, Miss Gertrude
Wells. Miss Eva
White, Mra Rina
Williams, Mrs J Harry
Wood, Mrs 3 A
Young, Miss Plnle
MEN'S LIST.
Adams. E A
Jarses, Hugh S
Jeffries, Mr and Mrs T
Jett. Joe B
Jodada, Furnace Co
Jones, E M
Joces, EM
Klebaln. Matthew
Kotihoff. Joe
Kelley. Fred
Alderman. Prof L R
Alder, C H
Allen, Chas W
Andrew e, R E
Andersen. Owen
Arden, Tom
Baker, W
Ball. J
Eartlett, E D
iteadall, d
Behrens, Master Victor Kallman, W C
Bedolf. Robert
Rng. G W
Belsky, F D
Benson, J
Bennett, John
Berkeley, Francis L
Boatman-, W H
Bonde, John
Borgen, Ole
Broth, J w
Bowman, Oliver
Boyer, Charley
Brj-ant, W A
Brown, Chas
Brown, Abraham
Brown, T M
Eun Heyunjce
Cycle Park x
Catterlln. W H
Calter. C B
Camp. J s
Carroll. O S
Casto. Samupl
Labassee, A
Lambson, Claude
Lawrence, John E
Lewis, H E
Lewis, John E
Llchter, George
Llegert, L
Livingston Chemical Co
Looser. J w
Lucus, Tom
M D T Co. agent
McCully, Wllmer
McConnell, George
Mccord, H
McClelland. Robert
McCaw, W F
Mahoney, D
May, August
Meaolnger, M H
Mehrl, A
Meagher, M
Casei-, Rev E D
Jiicneione, Jusseppi
CTarkson. David M, jr Miller. Jesse
V.WU1U6S.- j a Jxiuer v J
Corey. Silas Moran, Wallls
Coffee, James J Mueller, Mr. iii Currv
Cocks. B R street
Colen, Charles Murphy, J J
Columbia Ojster Cock- Murray, George F-2
call Co
Mjers. Robert V
Oole. Fred
Collins. John
Cook, w J
Cooper, Fred
Cram, S
Crawley, W B
Cutler, H C
Dallas Shoe Co-2
DeRoo, Rev P
Demkes, L
Devine, Fred. J
Dombrolski. J
Dumall, Paul
Durham, Dr W M
Edwards, Samuel
Electra Oxzcuro Co
Elliott, James
Farrlngtoh, E E
Feller, W F
Ferguson, H D
Fitch, Francis
Fisher, Theodore
Fisher, Paid I
Fitter, W S
Galess, Wm
Getzlaff, Bert
Gehr, J G
Gilbert, Geo
Golden, Richard
Good, N B
Gortsmon, H
Gorman, Charles
Grimshaw. S .
Grosse, Wm T
Hancbuth, W F
Hannan. Jos
HuTter, Fred
Harris. O JJ.
Hatcher. William
Henry. W J
Hendrlckson, M
Hmce, F M
Horn, L D
Howard, B R
Hush back. E A
Irwin, Hon Geo M
Jacobs, J W
Heft, Henry
No-rfce, Carl
Noble, G G
Norton, Joseph
Oberteufter, Robert
O'Donnell. Jos M
O'Brien, M D
Odanen. Frank
Padgett, Beale Edw
Packing-House Cooper
Shop
Petersen, P
Phllllpps, Jno J
Planting. Walter
Rawer, W
Ratvson. A K
Rastonla.. A & C Jt
Reed, Master Harry
Held, John
Rogers, James B
Roland, Jas
RohndoriT, E
RuhndoriE. A W
Schmidt, Helnrich
Schwabauer, BTenry
Smart, S J
Smith, Mi
Standard House Fur Co
Steeves. D B
Stilt. Robert A
Stewart, J A
Taws. Joseph A
Taylor, Elder Lorln I
Taj lor. Albert A
Thomas, Jaa E
Thompson, D 3
Tyler. W J
Twin Sisters Gold Min
ing Co
Vaughn. Eugene
Vance, Chas J
Veesler, Lewis
Veneteeg, Walter
Wgner, Frank,
Welch, Calvin
Will. Adelbead
Wilson, John
PACKAGES.
AmselJ. 3jiss Gertrude Goodwin, Geo O & Co
Balrd, Miss Anna, fotoHyland, Miss Crystal
Bradley. Mrs John A Jeffries, JMaster Johnle
BIgelow. C E Morris. Dorothy
Blair. Walter McClelland, J T
Cassella. A W Myers. W S
Craig. Miss Eugenia Nell. P L
Daislilell, Mrs 'Chas F, Rein. Mrs F or Mrs J
fcto Templeton, MTs Hettle
Dolan, Mrs C M Victor. Miss M Helen
Foley. Mrs Bridget A Walpele, Master Sidney,
Fallenlus. Mrs C C care Mrs Burkhart
Fcrrell, Mrs W J
A. B. CROASMAN, P. M.
q 0
CASTLE CAMPBELL.
One oS the Most Pieturexque and In
teresting: Ruins in Scotland.
Scottish American.
There are few more picturesque spots la
Scotland than Dollar glen, and ho more
interesting ruin anywhere than the grim
old castle of the Campbells, known in tne
olden time as Castle Gloom. Once visited,
the castle will never be forgotten. It is not
only beautiful for situation, adding might
to the majesty of the everlasting hills,
but it abounds with weird traditions that
give the added charm of romance.
To visit the glen by moonlight, an'd to
see the bare walls of the castle gleaming
white through the trees, is to be filled witn
a mysterious feeling of awe, that is inten
sified by the rushing of the water in the
deep, black chasms beneath. It Is a scene
to uplift the soul a glimpse of nature in
her wildest and most Impressive mood
Sand it is not surprising that every year an
increasing number of visitors find their
way to this most beautiful part of the
Ochils.
o r
Kinj? Solbsnon'jj Mines.
Philadelphia Record.
EngliEh and American engineers have
discovered Important gold fields near Os
marz, in Abyssinia. Three separate and
distinct veins have been discovered, and
all reported as rich. It has long been sus
pected that the so-called King Solomon's
mines, from which that wise and rich Is
raelltlsh king procured his gold in such an
abundance, were located in Abyssinia, and
It is not improbable that these discoveries
will lead to their rediscovery.
NEARTHEPERSiANBORDER
DUSHCHAK, MOST SOCTHERH POKST
OS THANSCASFIAIK IjINE.
Extremes of Temperature There
ConntrS 'Well Garrisoned by Rus
sia When Persia Is Invaded.
DUSHCHAK, Transcaspia, July 10. Thiri
Is the most southern point of the main
line of the Transcasplan railway, and con
sequently tho most southern point which J
I shall be able to touch in Central Asia.
All the way from the Caspian sea the line
has followed a southeasterly direction, but
here it makes almost a right angle to tho
left and bears away northeast toward
Merv. Because, it was 4he. most southern
point reached by the railway, Dushchak
was once considered important as tho
probable point of departure of the con-1
AT THE BAZAR
templated line to connect with the British
railways in India by way of Persia and
Afghanistan. It Is only an hour's drive
from here to the Persian border by a cara
van route, which leads over the moun
tains to Meshed, capital of the Persian
province of Khorassan, some GO miles
away. If such a rail connection Is ever
built, however, It will not be from this
town, for the Russians have found more
favorable routes from Merv and from
Chardjul.
Geographically the most striking thing
about the journey thus far is the long dis
tance which I have traveled southward
without getting very far south. Of course
it proves simply that St. Petersburg is
very far in the north, but the sensation
is none the less peculiar. It Is several
hundred miles south from the Russian
capital to Moscow. Then I steamed 1503
miles down the Volga river, and far south
into the Caspian sea. The journey over
the Caucasus mountains into Asia is
southward, and now by rail and steamer
and rail again I have been coming south
east into Central Asia for several days.
But Instead of reaching a latitude corre
sponding with that of the cities of Mexico,
or even that of New Orleans, at the mouth
of the Mississippi river, with which I
have compared the Volga, I am only as
far south as Hampton Roads, Cairo,
"Wichita and San Francisco, or approx
imately 37 degrees north of the equator.
Still the temperature and the manner of
life are exactly as tropical at this season
as anything I have ever seen in the hot
test part of the West Indies, or the islands
of the South Pacific ocean. "White duck
suits and sun helmets are everywhere,
and tho mercury rises above 100 In the
shade with unbroken regularity. Houses
are floored with matting and the shades
are drawn to keep out the sun, while
business is interrupted through" the hottest
parts of the day as in the Spanish tropics.
It is necessary, likewise, to search for
cold things to drink whenever possible.
The Intense dryness of the air makes
evaporation very rapid, so that one re
quires to absorb a good deal of moisture
In order to counteract the drain from per
spiration. The same condition, however,
the lack of humidity, makes the extreme
heat less painful to endure than a far
lower temperature in Chicago or any
other place or similar summers.
Tvro Kinds of Climnte.
In winter, however, the weather here Is
very different. The cold at times Is ex
treme, and though little snow falls, on
account of the dryness of the surrounding
deserts, the cold winds which sweep over
the steppes are very trying to man and
beast The result of this climate of ex
tremes is that the products of the khan
ates of Turkestan are not altogether those
which might be expected by one who sees
only the summer here. Although fruits
grow In splendid profusion and variety,
they are not those of the tropics nor even
those called sub-tropical. The severe win
ters forbid any crops except those that
can mature within the limit of the long
summer. Tobacco, cotton, sugar and silk
are common in the irrigated districts;
grapes, apples, pears, peaches, plums and
melons are of the bes, but not one fruit
have I seen that might have come from
the real tropics, In spite of the extreme
heat. Oranges, lemons, limes, figs, pine
apples and the less familiar ones of the
"West Indies, California and Florida are
not here at all, except when they are
shipped in from the other side of the
Caspian sea, probably from the markets
of Smyrna or Constantinople.
AsTchabad, capital of the Russian prov
ince of Transcaspia, s almost entirely a
RUUTED TOMBS OF THE
creation of the railway and the govern
ment. The Turkoman town which occu
pied the same site before the conquest
was a place of importance in the trade of
Central Asia, the meeting-place of cara
van Toutes from Persia and from Khiva,
but the Russians have built a new city
after their own fashion, with barracks,
government offices and "several streets of
pretty good shops. In addition to the
Russian shopping 'streets, there are others
of the Armenian and Persian merchants
for native trade, and, in fact, the sanie
traders have their share of business with
the Russian community.
Except Klzll-Arvat, where there are per
haps 1000 Russian soldiers, Askhabad is
the first city on this side of the Caspian
where I have found a real garrison. Of
course, in a military government, where
those are tho things least talked about,
it Is difficult to et accurate information
a3 to the number of troops scattered along
the railway. From all that I can learn,
however, i believe there are between 5000
and 7000 soldiers at Askhabad and in the
Immediate vicinity. The barracks provid-
ed for them are very large, and, knowing
something of the way Russian regiments
are housed, I believe the figures which
have been given me from various sources
are likely to bG correct.
Coveting: Persian Territory.
These troops just now, or the greater
part of them, arc in camp for summer
maneuvers a few miles from Askhabad,
nearer the slope of the Persian mountains,
where the water supply is ample and the
weather les3 trying. I have met Several
Russian ofQcers traveling to Join their
regiments. They tell me that the place is
a favorite summer resort and that the
quarters for the offlcers with their fam
ilies and tho camp for the men are per
haps the most altraqtlve in Central Asia.
One humorist among them suggested to
mo that it was very convenient, also, for
the t men, to walk up to the top of the
mountains and look over into tho more
attractive valleys of Persia There seems
little doubt that they all consider Khoras
sart as virtually a Russian province, orily
waiting for an auspicious tlmo when the
occupation can be made with the least
difficulty of objection offered by other
countries.
P3ffj&i
Sgf
.-
OP ASKHABAD.
I returned to the railway, Jw all after
noon the train has been jogSing along
through tho alternating sand and little
oases, the view to the north orte of un
broken desert, and that to the south a
narrow plain, with the barren Persian
mountains for a wall to cut off tho view.
Now I can understand thb motive of the
Russian In showing their soldiers the val
leys beyond. It is very tantalizing to
think that only five or ten mlle3 away
that mountain range hides the scenes
which the poets have beeii describing for
eenturies, and which are so entirely out
of reach even at their nearest point on the
line. According to all the probabilities,
of Thomas More and Omar Khayyam and
the others have told the truth, over there
the bulbuls are singing and the hourls are
going about their daily avocations, while
here there Is nothing but the glare of the
sun on the desert.
TRUMBULL "WHITE.
PERSONAL MENTION.
J. "W. Reed, of Gardiner, Or., is at the
Imperial.
N. C. Thompson, of Astoria, is at the
Imperial.
"Walter Lyon, of Salem, is registered at
the Imperial.
X F. Johnson, of Heppner, is registered
at tho Perkins.
C. F. Peterson, of Tacoma, is registered
at tho Perkins.
John A. Steward, of Gray's River, Wash.,
is at the Perkins.
Henry Ewlng. and wife, of Astoria, are
guests at tho St. Charles.
William Thompson, of Butte, Mont., is
registered at the Portland.
A. H. Huntington, sheriff of Baker
county, is at the Imperial.
Dr. H. A. Knight, of Klamath Falls,
Is registered at the Perkins.
L. E. Dray, a Kalama, Wash., business
man, Is at the St. Charles.
A. A. Cabanlsl, of Fort Wright, Wash.,
is registered at the Portland.
H. W. Wheeler and wife, of The Dalles,
are reglstred at tho St. Charles.
C. S. Jackson, edjtor of the Pendleton
East Oregonian, is in the city.
W. C. Cowgill, city editor of the Baker
City Republican, is in the city.
Frederick Warde and daughter. Miss
May Warde, are guests of the Portland.
Charles S. Willis and wife, with the
"At Gay Coney Island" company, are at
the Portland.
Mrs. E. H., Stolte, wife of the chief clerk
of the Imperial, left last evening by steam
er to visit her son, W. V. Stolte, in San
Francisco.
A. D. Charlton, John Clock, W. B. Mead
and U; C. Bowers returned last evening
from Sumpter, whlethcr they went on a
sight-seeing tour.
InETcnibnH Canadian Bridge.
Railway Age.
A unrque feat of engineering is described
by an exchange as having been accom
plished in the bridging of a narrow strait
connecting Canso harbor and ChedabUcto
bay, in Nova Scotia. The place Is known
as the "Tittle," and the difficult prdblem
presented was the construction of a bridge
that would not obstruct navigation nor re
quire ihe extfanseiOf erecting a drawbridge
and employing the services of a tender
The manner of getting around the diffi
culty Is thus described:
The bridge is built upon stone-ballasted
AXCIEXT CITY OF MERV.
j piers, and in the middle cj. The central
i span a clear cut of about 18 inches In
width crosses the whole superstructure,
The boats that use the "Tittle" are fishing
. smacks, with polo masts and without
J shrouds or other side rigging. Ctinge
' qucntly, they have only to be steered so
,as to bring their masts in line with the
opening in the bridge, when they readily
are poled and pushed through. The
spreaders at the opening prevent the flap
t ping sails catching and tearing.
I Traffic is much greater by water than
j by land. When the infrequent vehicle
j wishes to pass, a hinged board across
j the width of the bridge Is raised up and
a covers the smill chasm. As soon as the
i wagon has gone over this, the driver Is
j expected to throw back the hinged board,
j 4 0
I Blissful Ignorance,
I Brooklyn Life.
j Husband Does Jack know Miss Pepper
tree? ,
Wife I believe not, for he has asked
her to marry him.
- - sli-r ?sz -v -
MAY BE VICE-ADMIRALS
THE OXCT PROMOTION OPEN TO
scniiEr axd SAMrSox.
T2ie Administration Will Give Pref
erence to Its Favorite Gossip
of the National Capital.
WASHINGON, Jan. 3. The only ar
rangement that cart be mado by which
either Sampson or Schley will secure pro
motion ori account of the part they took
In the Spanish war, is to have both cre
ated vlce-aamlrals. It is a settled fact
that one canriot be promoted tinless the
otlier fs also recognized. Of course, there
cannot be two vice-admirals of the samo
rank, and one will have to be above the
other, and that one will be Sampsdn, be
cause the administration -will Insist upon
the faVorlte of the navy department hav
ing the honcr. Whether Schley's friends
will consent to this or not is- yet to bo
determined, A large number of them will
not. But others may be satisfied to sfco
It done. As the men stand now, Schley
Is superior hi rank, but gets little honor
on account of the desire of the navy de
partment to numHIafe Him as much as
possible. If Schley's friends are shrewd,
they will provide that the vice-admiral
shall not retiro for age, as do the other
active'officers. In .that case Schley would
hold on much longer than Sampson, be
cause ho has the health and strength
which Sampson lacks. One reason why
Sampson will be placed ahead in any ar
rangement made is because the adminis
tration has the power to nominate, and
no matter what action congress may take,
Sampson will have that advantage over
Schley when their names are sent to the
senate.
Hoar and 3Inson.
One of the good stories that Is told of
the reorganization df the senate com
mittees relates to the two republican sen
ators who agree on a policy in the Philip
pines in opposition to that of their party
Senator Hoar, of Massachusetts, and
Senator Mason, of Illinois. Senator Hoar
Is chairman of the committee on judiciary.
Senator Mason was an applicant for a
place on that committee. He was being
pressed for the place, very warmly by his
colleague, Senator Cullom, who was a
member of the committee on committees.
Finally, In the gossip that occurred, Sen
ator Hoar heard that it was probable that
Senator Mason would become a member
of his committee. In somtj way Informa
tion was conveyed that the selection of
Mr. Mason was not wholly, agreeable to
the chairman of the committee, whereat
other senators went to Senator Hoar and
said that they thought they were paying
him a great compliment by selecting Sen
ator Mason for a place on his committee,
as ho and Senator Mason agreed so per
fectly on the great questions which are
just now so prominent before the country.
Mason Is something of a disturbing ele
ment wherever he goes, and It is under
stood that the objection to his having a
place on the judiciary committee was the
fear that the harmony which always pre
vails In this committee might be disturbed
if the junior Illinois senator should be
given a place upon it. Although Mason
ranked Senator Simon In service, tile Ore
gon senator got the place.
Maine's Big Fonr.
Captain Charles A. Boutelle, of Maine,
Is the last of the "big four" Maine dele
gation in the house. The first to go wa3
Milllkin, then Dlngley, both of whom died,
and then Reed, who resigned, and now
Eoutelle. Boutelle was made chairman
of the committee on naval affairs In the
5l5t congress, having reached a rank
ing place on that committee by reason of
16ng service. During ihO two terms that
the democrats were in control of the
house since that time Boutelle has been
tho ranking minority member of the naval
committee. When the republicans re
gained power, Reed again selected Bou
telle 'for chairman of the committee on
naval affairs, and he has served during
the last four years, and was just enter
ing upon iwo years more of such service.
During Mr. Boutelle's illness, a man from
an inland state, Representative George E.
Foss, of Illinois, is acting chairman of the
committee. Foss Is from Chicago, and has
given a great deal of attention to naval
affairs. His elevation to the chairman
ship of the naval committee might have a
great deal to do with repealing that pro
vision of our treaty with England relat
ing to the building of war vessels on the
great lakes. Not only Chicago, but other
great cities along the great lakes desire
to build war vessels of tho smaller types,
and po'ssibly Mr. Foss would secure action
by having the naval appropriation bill
provide that some of the smaller ships
should be built oh the lakes. If this
were enacted into legislation, it would ab
rogate the treaty, as It has been held time
and again that congress can legislate at
any time contrary to the provisions of a
treaty, the legislation in itself abrogating
the treaty.
MIko Bates In French Farce.
Washington has just witnessed the in
itial performance of what will probably
be classed In tho history of theatricals
as a "modern play," that is, a play that
dlp3 Into the risque for its drawing power.
Tho leading role Is carried by a Portland
girl, who made an immense hit in Wash
ington last season, but in a different line
of work Miss Blanche Bates. And, sad
to relate, Miss Bates plays the'Frenchy
character that proves such a drawing:
card. Withal, it must be admitted that
she plays it well. Her work Is clean,
clear cut and comprehensive, and, be it
said to her crenlt, she glides over the
objectionable scenes in a manner that
leaves the least possible repulsive mem
ory with those who witness It. The char
acter Is laid down in the play, and the
lines must be followed, as a matter of
Course, but In the hands of- some less
competent and unprincipled actress, the
scene might be made equal to that whicn
has met with favor In gay New York.
During hor previous engagement In Wash
ington. Miss Bates won great favor; In
fact, was classed as one of tho leading
ladies on our stage, and her work was
then along lines which gave her an op
portunity to rise to the first rank. Those
who then admired her havo expressed
much regret that she should abamlon the
really legitimate and take up with what
should properly be Classed With French
farce, although the product of an Amer
ican, playwright.
Public UniXainjr Bill's.
Chairman Mercer, of the house commit
tee on, public, buildings and grounds, says
that only1, a few buildings whi be author
ized at this congress, and the work that
his committee will do relates mainlv to
making Increases over the amounts author
ized during former sessions of congrera.
He thinks that the bill Introduced by
Representative Cushman, asking for more
money for the Seattle building, will pass
at this session, as he thinks the. amount
authorized In the act providing for a build
ing there was not sufficient to make a
respectable showing. Mr. Mercer does not
talk in the same favorable strain of an
increase Of appropriation for the Tortland
building, but there is a determination on
the part of the 'Oregon senators to have
thfs Increase mne. -It Is hardly prpb
able that new bulldlncrs will be author
ized, although Oreecn has applications in
for a public building at Salem, besides
the establishment of assay offices at Port
land and Baker City. Trashington. as
usual, wants a public building at Spo
kane, Tacoma and Walla Walla, but the
indications, are that the Seattle building
will prevent anything else being done for
Washington In that line for at least this
congress.
As to Neiv Departments.
While a bill which has been introduced
by Senator Frye, of Maine, providing for
a new department, to be known as the
department of commerce and Industries,
with a cabinet officer at the head, moet3
with a great deal of favOr, a similar prop
osition for a department with a cabinet
officer, known as the mines and mining
department, does not seem ta he. as neces
sary" A department or commerce could
be made of considerable use, and many
of the bureaus of the government which
are now placed under the treasury de
partment, or which are conducted a3 inde
pendent bureaus, could be well grouped
In a department devoted to the commer
cial arid Industrial affairs of the country
Mines and mining have always been under,
the department of the Interior, and being
sb Intimately connected with the pupllc
land service of the country, It would be
rather difficult to divorce It from the gen
eral land office. In fact, a great deal of
the litigation and tho law decisions whlcn
have gone forth from the land office ana
interior department relate largely- to the
mining laws, and expert lawyers have
given especial study to land office practice
on the subject of mines and mining. The
other feature of mines and mining 13
under tho geological survey, also in the
Interior department- While it Is no. doubt
UUe that the mineral interests- of the coun
try might be. advanced somewhat by mare
i-apid work. In the bureau of the geological
survey, there" Is na reason why It would
be so under a different department from
that1 of the interior, where it seems prop
erly to belong. If is not likely that either
a department of commerce and industries
or a department of mines and mining will
be authorized at this session of congress,
but If either should find favor, It would
be tho former.
Mnzzlcs in Demand.
Washington has just been, having a 'dog.
scare, and, as a result, tho "city fathers,"
so called, being the three commissioners
appointed, by the president to govern the
District of Columbia, have ordered all
dogU in the city to be muzzled. There
were one or two cases of mad dog, and
somebody has ..started the story, that deg
:day&' were upon us even in thlsAcnsp.
cool, snrwy weather. The result was that
a pumber of people became more or less
hysterical, and great pressure was brought
upon the commissioners to Issue the dscree
which resulted In muzzling all the dogs
in the city. Big dogs. Utile dogs. Saint
Bernards and pugs, as well as the festive
bUll terrier, all carry muzzles of more
or less grotesque and unsuitable pattern.
If the people who havo been Instrumental
in muzzling the dogs could go a few steps
farther and stop the dogs from barking
at night, many a person trying to secure
much-needed sleep would rise up and call
them blessed.
Tongrne Had a Contest.
Speaking of his committee places. Repre
sentative Tongue says that he Is perfectly
satisfied with what has been given him,
especially the assignment on rivers and
harbors, which he holds as necessary in
view of the demands of Oregon for Im
provements. There was a very strong op
position to Representative TongUe, the be
lief being general that thbse who were
successful in preventing the improveriient
at Yaqulna bay were working to keep Mr.
Tongue off bf the rivers and harbors com
mittee. At all events, when his claims
were duly presented, those who were
fighting him made the suggestion to
Speaker Henderson that Mr. Tongue might
be given a place on appropriations com
mittee, so that the Pacific coast place
an rivers and harbors could be given to a
California man. Mr. Tongue said that as
he could not expect both places, he would
choose what he thought was for the great
est benefit to hi3 constituents, and select
ed rivers and harbors in preference to ap
propriations, although that committee is
one of the strongest and most Important
In the house. Mr. Tongue points with
pride to the' fact that he, after one of
the hardest fights he has experienced in
congress, now heads the list of new mem
bers on the rivers and harbors commit
tee, being placed above the new man from
the Atlantic coast. Another fact In connec
tion with Mr. Tongue's committee assign
ments is that- he was jumped over the
ranking member of the committee on ir
rigation of arid lands, and made chairman
of that committee, to succeed his Tat
colleague. Representative Ellis. In secur
ing thi3 chairmanship, Mr. Tongue was
placed among the five members who had
served but two years who were made
chairmen of house committers.
ARTHUR W. DUNN.
HOW TO ADDRESS LETTERS.
SusTffCstion iHr.t the Town and Slate
Come First.
PORTLAND, Jan. 5. (To the Editor.)
Much assistance would be given the postal
department If, In directing the envelope
or other mail matter, its destination be
made the prominent first lino of the ad
dress, viz.:
. .
fiCro &.
' .SjZ C&&
This would afford much help In handling
the mall In transit, as the place of desti
nation Is the only fact of interest to the
postal department from the tlmo the let
ter or other mall matter is deposited in
tho office at home until it reaches its
destination. Placing the number and
street prominently to tho right of the en
velope and the name to whom sent promi
nently to the left would aid In Its more
rapid and correct distribution, for which
the mall carrier would rise up and bless
the business men and women.
W. T. W.
Postmaster Croasman. when asked
about this suggestion, said it was by no
means new. The question had come up
from time to time in conferences of post
masters, and was discussed at length in
the postmasters' convention recently held
at Washington. No action was taken on
the matter, and the resolution suggesting
the change was tabled. Mr. Croasman
said no recommendations had ever been
made by the postoffice department along
this line, but that letters thus addressed
Were Occasionally sent through the malls.
It Is almost a rule In newspaper offices
to address packages of papers with tho
town and state first and the name of"iho
person last.
. Mr. Croasman believes the change pro
posed would bo of little benefit, because
mall clerks have become accustomed to
looking at the bottom of an envelope for
an addresq, and rind ,ite there as quickly
as they w,ould at the top or middle. Should
this reputed reform bo attempted, about
one-half the people would adhere to the
present style, and In many Instances the
clerks would have to read the entire In
scription on an envelope in order to as
certain itsj destination. The plan advo
cated by W. J. W- will probably never
become more than a fad.
Contaminated Vegetables.
New York Press.
Dr. Behla, a member of the sanitary
council of Luckau, Prussia, has discov
ered that man can take the germs of can
cer by eating vegetables growing In a soil
watered by a sewer. The garden truck
that grows In the suburbs of that city
is watered fiom a ditch that gets- its
supply of water from a sewer. Th6 folk
in this city eat their parsley, cucumbers',
peas, onions, garlic and strawberries raw,
In which state tho germs seem to' be
carried easily.
10 ' "
An Explanation.
Mexican Herald.
The average salary of Methodist minis
ters in the United States is said to be
$473 35, which Is about on a level with the
Income of day laborers. This fact may
serve to explain why young men prefer to
become trust macnates rather than enter
the ministry.
POWER OF-ENVIRONMEFfT
STROXG FACTOR IN" SHAPING RTJMAn
CHARACTER.
Heredity Another Determining Force,
and If Had, It Mny Be Over
come by Training.
Tho character of Individuals, aa of gen
vratlcng, is determined by heredity ami
environment, says Mary A. Ltvermore, In
Frank Leslie's Monthly. Of the two, en
virorment at the present time 5s the
stronger factor in human life. This, is ow
ing s.mply to the fact that we have tr.ed
environment to some extent, and ha-ve ig
nored heredity. It Is possible to overcome
In part, or entirely, the evil tendency o"
a bad heredity, by the right environment.
There are Instances where a depraved
heredity defies whatever may be done by
environment, but they are rare. While no
one who has had large experience in
charitable Institutions, where children are
removed from slums and the vile purlieus
of cities to cleaner, purer and raore. ethi
cal surroundings, and who has watched
the results of the change for years, but
has come to believe mightily In the omnip
otence of good environment. j i
I was at Hamptoh on one occasion, m
tho days of General Armstrong, when a
party of 15 or 20 Indian boys and girls
were brought In fresh from the reserva
tion. They were just from tha wigwam,
and were resplendent in the glory of gay
blankets and moccasins, and wera tricked
out with beads and Indian ornamentation.
Unable to speak a wonl of English, ut
terly foreign to the ways of civilized lift,
and unaccustomed to restraint, T was at a
loss to understand how their training was
to begin. General Armstrong enlightentd
me.
"We surround them with civilized life,"
he said, "so that they cannot eScnne fron
It. An Indian attendant speaking the'r
language, who has been attached to t.io
Institution for years, takes them to tho
dormitory, where beds, night-clothing an I
toilet appliances are assigned them, anl
their uses explained. The same witn the
dining-room, schoolroom and chopeL Not
one of the newcomers will leep In a bed
tonight, but all will Ue on the flojr
wrapped In their blankets. Grave a I
taciturn at table, they will at first Ac
only what they are allowed to take with
their fingers, all the while furtivaly watch
ing their trained companions use knivd.
forks and spoons. But soon their environ
ment will tell upon tnem, and by the
time they have been here three mon'hs
they will bo the greatest stickler for In
dividual tooth and hair brushes, and for
orderly behavior at table, that we have It
the establishment. You see." he added,
"we surround them so completely with c v
lllzed usuages and civilized pcopl that nut
a loophole is open for their return to sav
age ways."
While there are many agencies of scad
environment, the most Important and the
most Influential is a good home. For her
the very foundation 13 laid for future goo'l
or evil. The first step away from animal
ism Is taken when a human being, your,?
or eld. Is established In a well-ordered
home. Indeed, civilization has but this ani
end In view the perpetuation of the race
and its improvement. The maintaining of
governments, the planting of institutions,
tho founding of schoob and colleges, th
establishment cf hQmes and the rearing of
families are but means to thl3 end. As
Humboldt said, years ago, "governments
property, religion, books and homes arc
but the scaffolding to buUd men. Earth
holds up to her master no fruit but the
finished man."
e C
FOUND IN A SAWLOG.
A Knife Believed to Have Been XTjctl
in Klllinpr nn Indian.
New York Tribune.
The finding of a knife that killed ai
Indian lis years ago was recently mn&s
under curious circumstances. At th
Reynolds & Meteor saw mill, at Harman.
Randolph county, W. Ta., the saw cam1
in contact with a hard substance. C n
examination it was found that the sav
had struck a knife that wa3 imbedded It
a log to a depth of 115 years' growth, ard
is supposed to have been there that Ion".
Jackson Summerville, an. aged citizen ( f
Harman, says the knife Is exactly !.
the ono which his father often describe I
to him, when as a boy he used to heT
him tell about the narrow escape he had.
at the hands cf the Indians. Hi father
was fleeing from a band of Indians one
'night, but was overtaken by one of thin
on top of a mountain, where a terrlf-c
hand-to-hand encounter ensued, Summer
ville succeeded in killing the Indian with
a knife. It was late, and not knowinr
which way to go for safety, he stuc':
the knife In a tree and hid until mornlnjr,
and then forgot the knife until he had
traveled a long distance. The trpe It
which the knife was found was taken
from the mountain where the Indian w.s
killed. This knife will be deposited witl
the State Historical Society, together wl h
a statement of the circumstances of iu
discovery.
o ft '
Unsatisfactory Arbiter.
Brooklyn Life.
"The reason I can't get alonr with my
wife Is that she wants to submit aH our
differences to aTbitratron."
"To arbitration?"
"Yes. She always wants to refer dis
putes to her mother."
ienta! and Physical
Exhaustion.
Cured br HTO
YAN. Iho num
bers s h tw tha
points oi wea k
nm that ari du-5
to a ltSnc-da.vu
of the nervosa
Ilcadachas r t!lz
zlaesa. flff. 7; nol
low eyes, dg. 6.
pale, sunken
cheoka; f t g . 6:
ocatcd tonsrufr, fly.
i : poupltatloa uZ
hart, Os- 3". dis
ordered d'gwticn.
(lg- 2; torpid U
er, tig. I. and con
stipation. Ctouded
t memory, lack o t
energy, aespona-
ency. Irritability,
weakness, bact
ache, horria
JC aM thare ccr.cta
nervous trouoi?.
HODYAJJ euros
on? and all tha
above symptom,
tecauso It bill Mi
up tn.- nervcxia
system. EUD
YAX ape edllv
makes Its Influ
ence felt la nsrvo
quietude. Im
proved apatite,
gain In nrolshe
and strent2i, cor
rotoi! Ixiwe'.s.
healthful sleep.
ItUDrX mafci
cno look young
and !er younir.
for tt provl d 3
iwrvo forca aas
vitoiitv.
ltr. roar drusrist .aat yoa want HtSDYAT.
and r.ot3i!ne elso; COc a. package, six paQJcapja
for C2.30. tr.jour drujreist does not ksep It, send,
direct to Hudyaa Bectcdy Co., ccr. Stcclston.
B31s and QIariret S3.. Han Francisco, GU.
DEBILITY!
WEAKNESS!
if? ' Y E ?P
aP in) 5 R
8 ' I R
Vv55 u fyVvfii
Vi i Ft t
I
' I j
I J
is Wi
TOU MAT O0K5UI.T THE HCTXIUN ECO
COIta JESC OUT '-. v:. 1YZU32&
i $fe
&,
rtT -0. tL, iLs t, irisf
.-AriiAS&S&S
lkjSeai&S'&.-X.-. d'X&Sk jtq'-kk, Ju&jli. Sit'
Asii