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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 10, 1885)
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VOL 25, NO. 7877.
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A Nation Sadly Turns from tae
Tomb of Grant.
THE SLOW MARCH TO THE GRAVE.
lie Otseqaiea at tha Barial Placs-A Vast Oroxd
ThresgE tie Streets sltcg wika ti Pra-
cession Pss?ss IacideEts.
Kcito negag jnegal&iU.llrTi,ne.
A K1GHTV WARRIOR MIGHTILY KE LAY.
Kevt York, Aug. a The City Hall gates
were closed to people shortly after 1 o'clock
this morning, and the remains of General Grant
left alone with the guard. On his coffin rested
a plain wreath of oak leaves formed in the
Ehape of a letter "G." The leaves grew on the
oaks in the foreet near Mount McGregor, and
on the afternoon of Thursday, the day he died,
little Julia, his granddaughter, and little Josie,
It. Douglas' child, had gathered tho oak leaves
in the mountain roads. Then, as the children
prattled, they knit, with innocent fingers and
loviog hearts, the wreath of oak leaves that to
day is the only tribute that touches the general's
casket. "When the littlo ones had their offering
finished, they had taken it to CoL Grant, whose
ejes filled when bis daughter asked:
"Papa, Josie and I have made this for
erandpa and please won't you give it to
bun?" The colonel placed the oaken wreath on
the casket and there it rested in Albany and still
remains as the children's offering.
As i o'clock had passed the strains of dirge
music crept on the morniDg air. At first dis
tant, they drew nearer and nearer. Bed deep
ened in the east; sunrise was near. Thestrainsof
music, slow and sad, grew more distinct: then
the bjue-ooated veterans of Meade post, Phila
delphia, E00 strong, came tramping to the dirge
inusio of trumpets. The veterans entered the
plaza and marched past while muffled drums
timed their footsteps. Heavy guns boomed out
toward the sea, tho chimes of old Trinity pealed
mournful tolls and the sound of muffled drums
grow fainter and then died away. At 8 o'clock
nature was putting forth signals of an intensely
warm day. The crowds grew denser and
denser around the plaza. The drums and
trumpet corps marched in at one side
and took positions at the east end. The players
constituted the David's Island military band.
At 830 General Hancock and staff tramped
elowly into the plaza from Broadway and pres
ented front to the City Hall, and then moved to
the end of the plaza in Broadway, where they
rested. At this time 100 members of the Lied
erkanz society filed up to the steps of the City
Hall, and, led by four instruments, sang with
impressive effect the "Chorus of the Pilgrims,"
from Tannhauser. The honor guard of reg
ulars filed into the open space at 0 o'clock.
They were Company ATof the Fifth U. S. ar
tillery, under CoL "W. B. Beck, and Company
E, of the Twelfth U. S. Infantry, under Major
Brown. The regulars took position beneath
the trees opposite the City Hall and stood at rest.
Then came the original guard of honor that
was on duty at Mount McGregor, which alone
should lift the remains to-day. Filing Into the
corridors of the City Hall they took their places
beside the remains, and there stood under the
command of John "V. Johnson, senior vice
commander of GrantPost, G. A. it, of Brooklyn.
THE FUNERAL CAB.
At 955 the imposing funeral car, drawn by
twenty-four jet black horses in black trappings,
halted on the plaza directly In front of the City
Hall steps. Inside the corrider Commander
Johnson was waiting. "Columns in position,
right and left!" was his command. The guard
of honor was erfct. "Lift tl remains!" was f
tne command in clear but low tones, xne
twelve men stooped to the silver rails with
gloved hands. "Marchl" was the word, and
the body moved out upon the portico, Com
mander Johnson immediately at the head.
Down the steps with moasured tread, across the
open to the steps ol the car, were borne the re
mains. Commander Johnson stepped aside, the
silver mountings glistening as the burial case
and its honored burden were carried up and
placed upon the dais on the mounted catafal
que. The veterans retired down the steps and
the body was alone for all to view, but deeply
guarded. Soon the honor guard next to the
hearse on either side took the same relative po
sition they bad maintained to the remains while
being borne to the car. The steps were drawn
away from the hearse, and Commander Johnson
took his place in the center, immediately be
hind the funeral car. At his left and Tight in
eitber rear corner of the car were
Comrades Doing and Armsbee, of Wheeler
post, Saratoga, respectively next and directly be
hind these were representatives of the Loyal
Legion abreast, as follows: Gen. John A.
Millkan, Gen. C A, Carlton, Paymaster George
D. Barton, Lieut.-Col. Floyd Clarkson, Lieut.
Col. A. M. Clark and CapL E; Blunt.
THE MDOSTERS AND THE DOCTORS.
The clergy and physicians had pail their re
spects to the remains by alighting from their
carriages and accompanying it from the steps
to tho car. They entered carriages on either
side of the plaza near Broadway as follows:
Bev. Dr. Newman, Bishop Haines, Bishop Pot
ter, Bev. Dr. Chambers, Bev. Dr. Ford, Rev.
Dr. Bridgeman, Bev. Dr. "West, Bev. Father
Deshon, Bev. Bobert Collyer, Rabbi Bronnean,
aud Drs. Douglas, Shrady and Sands. Col.
Beck, in chargo of the regulars, command
ed his companies as indicated above to
the following positions: Campany A on
tho Tight, and Company E on the left of
the hearse. Colored men were at the bridles of
the twenty-four horses. Sixteen men of Meade
post, of Philadelphia, of which Gen. Grant was
a member, were almost directly in front of the
team of black leaders.
A signal was given and the line of coachM
with the-clergymen moved off the plaza on to
Broadway. A band stood waiting at the head
of the funeral cortege. Colonel Beck advanced
to the head of the lino of black horses beroro the
coach. "Move onl" were his words of com
mand with uplifted sword. The leaders stepped
forward, led oy the colored men, and in an in
stant the black line of horses had straightened
their traces and the wheels beneath the remains
were moving. The hour was 9:47. The band
plajed a dirge The tramp of the
logulars and honor guard beat upon
the pavement Thousands beneath the trees
and crowding the sides o the squaro looked
filently upontha black funeral car rolling over
the curb into Broadway. The "black corridors
of ihe City Hall were silent. General Grant's
last journey was begun.
At 9:22 Mayor Grace, Commissioner Loewe
and Aldermen Singer and Jaehne emerged from
the citj building and entered the carriage that
Lad drawn up in front Members, of the com
mon council followed and entered the carriages,
as did also tho police commissioners. They
followed out of the plaza as fast as dis
posed of in carriages, and when it was
10 o'clock the polica lines were withdrawn
and the iieople streamed across the plaza with
out hindrance. The last scene there, was ended.
All night loDg carpenters with sawand hammer
were busy in Broadway, and when this morn
ing's eun climbed up out of the sea and shed Its
brilliant light upon the parks, corners and alleys
of the city, it revealed the presence of hundreds
of hastily erected reu-w stands from which the
great procession could be seen at prices ranging
all the way from $1 to $10 a head.
The decorators, too, had not been idle. Oa
many houses were displayed emblems of inourn
iug which were not there the night before. Be
iewing stands were located in all sorts ol
places, and nearly every empty stand alonsr tha
locte had been gobbled up by speculators. Some
of these wore rented outright, while others eon
tained numbered seats to be had for $3 each.
The epeeulatiag feex eren got hold of novrs
bojs, several of whom stuck notices m their
chairs to the effect that seats fnun whtoh to view
the parade could there be procured. "When at
length the hands of the great clock of Trinity
approached the hour of i', Broadway presented
au animated spectacle. As far as the eye could
reach sidewalks were thronged with people.
Every train and every steamer poured its load
into the great artery of travel. Bronzed
f aimers from the country, white faces from
city counting rooms and offices, and dirty faces
from the tenement districts were in the crowd.
Rich and poor, rogues and rascals, dignitaries
and nonentities jostled each other on tha side
walks. Everybody seemed to be good uatored
and took ihe jostling as a matter of course.
Police tried to keep people off the streets, bui it
was hard WQ.k.
AT THE FIFTH AVENUE.
Inside the Fifth Avenue hotel, the lobby and
corridors were blocked by an increasing throng
cf gold-laced and uniformed men. In the main
hall. Gen. Sherman, tall and erect, was the cen
ter of an admiring throng. He stood in a group
cf naval officers chatting pleasantly with old
friends. The party were all in full uniform and
attracted universal attention that flagged only
for a moment, when a file of attendants of the
Japanese minister entered. The big marble
bail was completely chocked with humanity
lODg before 8 o'clock. In the big parlors up
stairs all was stir and bustle, while thepresident
and his cabinet ministers, who just had break
fast in one end of the building, and the Grant
family were quietly preparing for the pageant
at the other end, committees, organizations and
delegations were gathering and getting ready
here and there, and everywhere badges, sashes
and military orders found their way for mem
bers of tho seemingly inextricable confusion of
In the quiet little parior a group of serious
men, most of them gray-haired and old, bat
nearly all erect and of vigorous physique, were
pulling on broad Bilk sashes of white and
black. They wero the pall bearers, and tney
were a striking groupe. Gen. Sherman, sum
moned up irom his friendly talk below, re
sponded. Li the uniform of a United States
general he stood in friendly conversation with a
tall man In whose moustache and chin board
and soldierly bearing one recognized at a glance
the gallant confederate Gen. Buckner, from
whom Grant wrested his first hard won laurels
atFortDonelson. Gen. Buckner was in ordi
nary black, citizen's dres3. A smallar man
similarly attired at the other end of the room,
whose gray hairs formed a striking contrast to
the loonine meln and fierce moustache of Gen.
Logan, with whom ha was talking, was the
famous Gen. Joe Johnston. Hamilton Fish
was not among the pall bearers. He was ill at
and the president had appointed A. J. Drexel,
of Philadelphia, in his stead. At the last mo
ment it was said that Bear-Admiral "Worden
had been appointed pali bearer in place of Yice
SUMMONED TO THE CARR1AGE3.
At half-past 8 o'clock CoL Hodges summoned
the pall bearers to their carriagas. The presi
dent's carriage, drawn by six horses, was called
up to the door next, but had fully an. hour to
wait The president had signified his intention
of riding with Secretary Bayard. He was at
that time quietly conversing in his parlors on
the third floor with ex-Governors Cornell and
Robinson, who had called in anticipation of his
coming out An enormous crowd, which the
police found it difficult to manage, gathered
opposite the hotel entrance in twenty-third
street, and yells or "Here they come," went up
eiery time a delegation came out
The Grant family were ouietly gathored in
then parlors overlooking the square, and strang
ers were rigidly excluded from the hall leading
to their rooms. Mrs. Grant had not arrived
and it was announced that she would not at
' tend the funeral, but had concluded to stay at
Mount McGregor. She was reported by Dr.
Newman to be still weak and ill, though not
confined to her bed. The party gathered at tho
hotel Teady to take carriages for their position
in the parade when the column should have ad
vanced so far as to permit their carriages to fall
in line from the hotel, were CoL and Mrs. Fred
D.Grant, Mrs. Sartoris, Mr. and Mrs. U.S.
1 Grant jr., Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Grant, Mrs. Cra
mer, Mrs. Dent, Miss Cramer, Gen. Croswell,
1 Mr. Stephen L. Morality, Senor Romero and
.Mr. "W. J. Arkell, members of the party, who
from time to time appeared at the windows.
THE PRESIDENT AND GEN. HANCOCK.
At 9:20 o'clock President Cleveland called his
cabinet together and arrangements were made
for the order in which they were to leave the
hotel ta take thelr.places. The hands on tho
'CloCk'POlnted to wre minutce- fterlO vhen
'Gen. Hancock and Gen. Sbaler rode under its
windows to the head of tho procession. The
sun was reflected from the maze of glittering
gold on the uniforms of their staff, as it trooped
behind, followed by the regulars, who in passing
reversed arms, while the bands played mourn
ful dirges along the line of the avenue.
"When tha troopB of the first division of the
National Guards were drawn up guns were
shouldered as the general Dassed. Tae regi
ments of the first division stretched southward
from near Twenty-eighth street in a continuous
line on the east Bide of Filth avenue and inside
.streets. The Second battery, Capt Earle,
mounted, but without guns, were occupying
!the extreme right on the west side of the av-
;enue. continuous lines or Grand Army vet
erans extended down as far as the eye could
The congressional committees and other offi
cials from Washington were distinguished by
broad, white sashes. Speaker Carlisle and ex
Speaker Bandall rode with Congressman Hlscock
of New York and Beed of Maine. One carriage
lield Congressman John D. Long of Massachu
setts, Randolph Tucker of Virginia, Ben Butter
worth of Ohio and Gen. King of Louisianna.
The senatorial delegation paired off as follows,
the senators riding in twos. Senators Morrill,
of Vermont and CottrelL of Missouri, Sherman,
of Ohio, and Ransom, of North Carolina, IngaUs,
of Kansas, and Harris, of Tennessee, Palmer, of
Michigan, and Miller, of New York, Wade
Hampton, of South Carolina, and Manderson, of
Nebraska, Eustls, of Xouisania, and Blair, of
New Hampshire, Brown, of Georgia, and Ev
arts, of New York.
Congressmen Bliss, of Brooklyn, and Ward,
of Chicago, rode together, and Gen. Bingham,
of Pennsylvania, Wheeler, of Alabama, and.
Lowroy, of Didiana, were in one coach.
One of the carriages contained members of
Gen. Grant's military staff, and carried Gen.
Horace Porter, Buf us IngaUs, C. B. Comstock
and William Henry Smith. In an
other rode Gen. Porter, Grant's military
secretary, during the war, who was present at
the meeting between Grant and Lee, at Appom
atox, and still has in his possession the original
draft of the terms, of surrender, in Grant's hand
writing. It was gi eu him as a keepsake by his
With Vice-President Hendricks rode his sec
retary, Mr. East his friend, Mr. Depauw of In
diana, and Senator Blair of New Hampshire.
At 10:10 precisely the Grant family came out
of the ladies' entrance to the Fifth Avenue
hoteL and took their carriages. Col. Fred
Grant and wile rode with Mrs. Sartoris, U. S.
Grant, Jr., ana his wife and Senor Bomero occu
pied the next carriage,Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Grant
the thud, and the Cramer family the fourth car
riage. As the carriages received their occu
pants they rolled away toward the avenue, and
remained there closely wedged in, and waiting
for their turn in line. They had been waiting
more than a quarter of an hour before Presi
dent Cleveland came and took his seat in the
carriage with Secretary Bayard, and the four
horse carriage that followed received Vice-President
Hendricks and his private secretary,
Ahead of thein had gone a number of carriages,
following the Grant family in the following
order: Mrs. Bawlins Holman, daughter 01
Gen. Grant's friend and first secretary
of war; tho general's old staff in four
carriages; hLs ex-cabinet officers In four car
riages: detachments from Wheeler and U. -.
Grant posts G. A. R., in four carriages: Mrs. J.
' W. Drexel and members of the Aztec club; sur
v ivors of the Mexican war. Next came the pres
ident's carriage, the vice-nresident's and the cab
net in five carriages; members of the su
preme court; United States senators; house con
gressional committee in a score of carriages;
committee of tho state legislature hi thirty car
riages: ex-president's Arthur and Haye3 and
members of other cabinets. Then the foreign
ministers and diplomatic and consular officers,
under Gen. Grant's administration. These filled
ten carriages. Then came the representatives
of different departments of the national govern
ment isex: came the governors 01 states, with
their staffs, and thn the representatives of
The catafalque passed Twenty-third street at
1 o'clock sharp. The hour of expectation that
Lad preceded it was settled as it passed by, and
all heads were uncovered. Many heads were
bowed; an old negro woman, who somehow
had been pushed forward to the curb and stood
there wedged in, essayed vainly to kneel, with
tears streaming down her wrinkled face. She
was held fast by the crowd, and could not stir.
On a single telegraph pole on the corner of
Broadway and Twenty-third street were
perched not less than twenty-eight spectajQrs,
As soon as thAcatafalque- had passed, the car
riagA containing CoL Fred Grant ana bis .wife
and his sister, fell in, and the mourners' coaches
fell quickly in line, without confusion.
Both Mr. Cleveland and Mr. Hendricks hart
tired of the long wait, and after sitting in their
carriages, stared atnythe curious crowd, till
half-past 11, retired to their roomsia the hoteL
They observed the parade from their windows,
and did not again come out till the catafalque
had passed the hoteL Their carriages bad re
mained at the door. Secretaries Endicott and
Manning, whGse carriages followed 'Ihe vice
president's, remained in their seat, and tho
other cabinet ministers, who roda in pairs, did
Almost thelast carriage had wheeled into line
at Twraty-ihinl street when there fellf u behind
ono containing an officer, with a bjad gold
band across his breast Two crutchei stood up
in the carriage beside him and proclaimed his
name, as tho gold scarf had announced his
rank. He was Maj-Gen. Daniel Sickles.
Following behind the crippled veteran's
carriage there trod a seemingly end
less army, with banners, without show
of gold or glittor, but with armless sleeves,
limping gait and scarred faces that stirred
men's minds as they passed, with deep and
sti.tncr pmnHon Tlipsn ror tha dfcad hern's
comrades, who shared his dancer on fieId-of?.uJi, ?5 !
battle who now walked with him tas last
resting place. They were old men, most of
them, but they walked bravely antept up
with tho youngest. All had their badges "eUed
with crape and wore bows of crape on the left
aim. Their battered banners were veiled In
black, and many posts carried as distinctive
badges sprigs of myrtle or evergreen on their
The procession seemed unendiDg, stretching
southward as far as the eye could reach. 'The
streets all the way to the tomb wore packed
with people, and as the right of the column ap
proached the tomb dull reverberations of guns
rom men of war could be heard, and the troops
brpke column from the left, matching to the
right on the east side of the road. Alter form
ing in line, arms wero presented and the cata
falque slowly passed.
The crowd on Fifth avenue remained on the
sidewalks with remarkable persistency until the
long parade had passed. There were a few
cases of heat prostration In the ranks, but as far
as known none were fatal. Beglmental ambu
lances were called into requisition for slight
cases, perhaps half a dozen times. At tho cor
ner of Fifty-seventh street where the line
turned to the west, the crowd swelled from the
sides to the open way and blocked the thorough
fare on occasions.
There was some trouble when the catafalque
reached lhat point Everybody was more inter
ested in the approach of this than In ny other
rart of the procsssion. It was watched for
blocks away, its conspicuous night making it
plainly visible as far as f ar aa about Fiftieth
street As it neared the corner the crowd nat
urally bulged into the highway and the officers
bad to threaten with their clubs to make the
spectators recede, and it was a 4ifficuU process.
People were standing eight and tea feet deep,
and some of those in front had raised their um
brellas to keep off tho sun's rays.
There were some women who stood with
babes in arms, and fathers had hoisted
their little ones to their shoulders. The ob
structions were numerous, and those at the rear
were becoming indignant, but as the catafalque
came up the annoyance was forgotten and only
respect was folt Tho leaders of horses were
ordered to make a sweeping turn, and that was
the only way In which the interested gathering
could be driven back. Tho peoplo fall back
from the horses as though a, spirit had ap
peared and ordered then retreat With a spon
tanety that told their reverence, every man
raised his nat as tne nrst norse came abreast 01
him, and remained uncovered until the body
After the president, vice-presiJei 3- cabinet
judges of the supreme courts, senators and
members of ore bouse cf representath'js, gov
ernors and their staffs, ex-presidents, foreign
ministers, diplomatic officers and representa
tives of tho army and navy had passed, the pro
cession began to break up. Veteran and civic
organizations left Fifth avenue by any of the
streets between Fifty-third and Fifty-ninth
streets, and gradually fell out of line.
AT THE TOMB.
Exercises Attending the Committal or the Badr to
New York, Aug. 8. From noonday on for
hours Into the afternoon the vicinity of tha
tomb and Biverside park was a scene of discom
fort for the waiting thousands. Heat had fol
lowed the cool of the morning, and tho suc
ceeding hours added heat and hundreds and
thousands of people. The latter suffered much
in their cramped positions of waiting In the
blazing sunshine. Ono o'clock came and went
but the funeral car was yet a long way off, and
moving very slowly. Beneath a fir tree at tho
crown of the knoll rested a small charcoal fur
nace, and near it tools and materials with
which to seal the leaden lining of the cedar case,
into which the casket and remains of Gen.
Grant should bo placed. Down ihe slope,
nearer the vault, was a portable furnace, such
as is used by workmen in a forge, heating bolts.
In a group near by were five men, mechanics,
who should rivet fast the steel casket within
which both the coffin and cedar box should
finally be preserved. The steel case rested upon
two marble blocks, two and one-half feet high,
three feet wide and eighteen inches thick. Sim
ilar marblo blocks had been Bunk In the floor,
flush with the surface, and upon these the re
mains of Mrs. Grant are expected to repose.
Many persons were permitted to peer into the
tomb, where the steel receptacle was waiting
the body, then being borne up town.
THE ADVANCE GUARD.
Soon after 1 o'clock the beat of drums and
blare of trumpets was heard from the lower
end of the park, and a carriage came into view.
In it was Gen, Hancock. Ho was the only oc
cupant, and stood erect Trooping behind him,
on horseback, were tho members of his staff.
The general roda to a point near the tomb,
where he alighted. He was jnet by Superin
tendent Murray, Commissioner Cummins and
others of the park board. Gen. Hancock's
staff and aides swept past There were
Among them were Gen. Fitzhugh Lee and Gen.
Goroon, whom Gen. Sheridan once met so
warmly in other times and under other circum
stances. Upon n commanding slope, 100 yards
north of Gen. Grant's tomb, the staff officers
and aides drew rein, beneath a clump of spread
ing trees. In the meantime helmets were
glistening and plumes waving over
tho slope to the southward, and the trappings
upon many horses shone in the sunlight The
cannon and timbers drawn by the horses that
were ridden by artillerymen came over the brow
of the southern slore, and orderlies galloped to
and fro and sabres and accoutrements clattered
and rattled. The regulars and marines, with
light battery of the Fifth artillery, were coming
down the drive. They marched out upon the
slope where Hancock's staff was halted, and
there the infantry and marines assumed posi
tions of rest in the shade, and out upon this
slope towards the Ciaremont hotel, which was
covered with black drapery.
A REMARKABLE PICTURE.
The mounted men with plumed helmets, ma
rines with the uniform of the tars, the United
States marine corps, with bright uniforms, Bad
died horses, with riders dismounted, but hold
ing their bridle reins, cannon muzzles thrust
from behind the lower bend of hillocks, pyra
mids of stacked guns with glistening bayonets
interlocked along the drive, solid walls of peo-
Elo upon the curbing, and lines of uneasy and
oblmg umbrellas, through the trees a vista in
which the brown and rugged rocks of the Pal
isades pierced the woods and jotted above the
river all combined to form a scene to be re
membered for life.
The Twenty-second and Seventh regiments
marched up from the east and down by the
iomb, and were drawn up in a line on the brow
of a bluff overlooking the rlter. The line
reached beyond the Tiew from the tomb around
the slope. Tha two regiments stacked arms
and were at rest Near the edge of the bluff
were the regiments drawn up, so that the
hundreds of men in bright uniforms formed a
line of silhouettes against thesheenof the broad
river in which the afternoon sun was reflected.
Suddenly a gun boomed out over the water
and a cloud of blue and white smoke puffed
over me stream, tne rownatan, lying down
under the bluff, had fired tha first of a salute.
The hills were calling back in echoes, and tha
guns of the other war vessels in tha river anon
shook the bluff and started the echoes flying in
the woods on the Jersey hills.
THE rROOESSION ASRIT S3.
Three and four oY'oek passed, and tha tomb
yet waited, but there came a bagle call from tho
eastward at 4:20 o'clock. Then a strain from
the trumpets, and sooa the sound of muffled
drums. Carriages then came" Into view and
rolled sjowly through the nark tq the tomb. Dr.
Newman and Bishop Harris occupied tha first
and then tho clergy and Drs. Douglas, Shrady
and Sand3. The pall bearers came after these.
G?n. Jce Johnston rode beside Gen. Sherman,
and Buckner and Sheridan wero paired, while
Gen. Logan and ex-Secretary Boutwell followed.
The pall bearers and those invited alighted and
took a place near the tomb. Tha Davis island
band, placing Chopin's funeral march came
Into view, while behind tha black plumes of tho
funeral car could be seen.
The car stopped abreast of the tomb, and the
guard of honor ascended to bear down the cas
ket CoL Beck formed his two companies Jof
escort in a hollow square, between tha tomb
and tho hearse.
The family carriages had drawn near and,
their occupants alizhted and took positions near
tho loot of the steps of tha car. Thus they
stood while the casket was being removed from
tbe car, and when it was borne into the hollow
equare toward the vault tho relatives fol
lowed in this order: CoL Fred and
wife. Mrs. Sartoris and tKft onJonaVji ohllrtrAn
Inlinrinil IT. R. Omnt. .Tr nrrt-nrifn TS"iirfr 1H--
tie Nellie, daughter T Jesse Grant Jesse Srant
and wife, U. S. Grant, second son of Orville
Grant, with Fred Dent Mrs. Dent Dr. Cramp
and wife. Potter Palmer and wife, and Hon.
John A. Creswell and wife.
The cedar case rested on supports at the door
of tha sepulchre, and the casket was deposited.
THE G. A. R. RrrUAL.
Meade Post, No, 1 of Philadelphia, represent
ed by fifteen men, encircled the casket Tho
commander took his position at the head, with
tho officers and post commanders at the foot
Tha chaplain stood at the foot and tha colore
were placed in front- The ritual service was
Post Commander Alexander Eeed We are
assembled to pay the last sad tribute of respect
to our late commander and illustrious comrade,
U. S. Grant. Lerus - unite in prayer. The
chaplain will invoke divine blessing.
Pest Chaplain C. Irvine Wright --God of
battles, father of all, amidst this mournful as
semblage wo seek thee, with whom there is no
death. Open every eye to behold him who
changed lho night of death into morning. In
the depth of our hearts we would hear the ce
lestial word, I am the resurrection and tha
life. He that believeth in me, though
ha wero dead, yet Bhall ho live."
As comrade after comrade departs,
and we march on with ranks broken,
help us to be faithful unto Thee and to each
other. We beseech Thee to look in mercy on
the widow and children of our deceased com
rade,and with thine own tenderness console and
comfort those bereaved by this event which
calls us here. Give them tho oil of joy for
mourning, the garment of praise for tha spirit
of heaviness. Heavenly Father, bless and
save our country with tho freedom and peace
of righteousness, and through thy great mercy,
a Saviour's grace and thy holy spirit's favor,
may we all meet at last In joy before thy throne
in heaven, and to thy great name shall be tho
praise for ever and forever."
"Amen," joined all the post A dirge was
played, alter which tha service was continued.
THE POST COMMANDER'S WORDS.
Post Commander Alexander Reed: One by
one as tho years roll on, we are called together
to fulfill the last sad rites of respect to our com
rades of war. With the present tho cares and
pleasures of civil life fade away, and wa look
back to the time when, shoulder to shoulder, on
many battlefields or around the guns of our men-of-war,
we fought for our dear old flag. We may
indulge the hope that tho spirit with which on
land and sea, hardship, privation and danger
were encountered uy our dead heroes may
never bo blotted out from history or memory of
the generations to come. A spirit uncomplain
ing and obedieni to tho behest of duty, vJftereby
today our national honor is secure and
our loved ones rest in peace under
(protection of the dear old flag. May tha illus
trious life of him whom we lay in the tomb to
day prove a glorious incentive to youth, who in
the ages to come may be called upon to uphold
the destiny of our country. As tho years roll
on we, too, shall have fought our
battles through, and be laid at rest, our souls
following the long column to the realms above,
as grim death, hour by hour, shall mark its vic
tims. Let us so live that when the time shall
come those we leave behind may say above our
graves: "Here lies the body of a true-hearted,
brave and honest defender of the republic"
Vice-Commander Louis W.Moore, (laying a
wreath ol Evergreen upon the enffln) In De
half of the post I give thi3 tribute, a symbol of
undying love, for the comrades of war.
Vice-Commander John A. Weidersheim, (lay
ing a bunch of flowers upon tha coffin) A
symbol of purity we offer at this sepulcher a
rose. May future generations emulate tha un
selfish devotion of even the lowliest of our he
roes. Post Commander A. J. Sellers (laying a laurel
wreath upon the coffin) The last token of affec
tion from comrades in arms, we crown these re
mains with tha symbol of victory.
Rev. J. W. Sayers, chaplain-in-chief of the
department of Pennsylvania, G. A. R., delivered
an address, after which Rev. H. C. Cfciy Truni-
uuu oncred prayer, 'ihe bugle call "Best" was
Dr. Newman and Bishop Harris then read the
ritual service for burial, of the Methodist Epis
copal church. Directly behind the burial party
stood Gen. Hancock. At his elbow were Presi
dent Cleveland, Vice-President Hendricks and
members of the cabinet Near tho head of tha
casket on the right, were Sherman and Sheri
dan in full uniform, who were uncovered dur
ing the entire service. At their side were ex
Presidents Arthur and Hayes, and Senator Sher
man. On the other side of tho casket wero Ad
miral Porter, Fitzhugh Lee, Gen. Gordon and
When the religions service had ended the
trumpeter of Company A, Fifth artillery,
stepped close to the casket and sounded the tat
too. Little Julia then laid on the coffin a
wreath "To Grandpapa." The guard of honor
bore the remains within tha tomb, and at 5:05
o'clock placed them within tha steel case, the
.sealing of both the lead lining aud steel case
being performed as indicated above. The fam
ily entered tho tomb, remaining only
n few minutes. They then sought
tLeir carriages, and when entering,
"the Seventh and Twenty-second regiments
5n line on the bluff, fired three volleys toward
Ihe river, after which Battery F, Fifth artillery,
fired three salutes from the knoll toward the
The family carriage drove away, but were not
out of sight when persons attempted to deface
the tomb by writing their names upon it A
guard of regulars was mounted at once, the
military marched away, the dignitaries roda
away, and theiong chapter was ended.
Reports from all eastern cities indicate that
(the day has been generally observed every
where. Large and imposing processions and
services in the churches were the order of tha
day in many places, and all dispatches speak of
extensive and appropriate decorations in honor
of the obsequies of General Grant
5EW IOBK 50TES.
New York, Aug. 8. The long and trying or
deal through which Gen. Grant's family have
passed so courageously will be at an end Monday
A red baize door separates the suite of rooms
occupied by the bereaved one3 from an open
corridor of the Fifth Avenue hotel. Among the
first to pass beyond the sill yesterday
was the familiar form of John A. Logan.
A little later came Ex-President Arthur.
Then followed through the day a stream of
visitors. Among them were Gen. Beale, George
W. C hilds and wife, A. J. Drexel, J. W. Drexel,
Sheridan. Sherman, John Sherman and Senator
Muler. Flowers in profusion were received
during the day from all parts ot the state. They
came in boxes, and they presented every design
of sympathy and respect Some were seemingly
from unknown iriends, who refrained from at
taching their names.
ABOUND THE HOTELS.
New York, Aug. 8. The hotels were
crowded to-night with many distinguished par
eons who took part in the Grant obsequies.
When Col. Frederick Grant was met by Gen.
Fitzhngh Lee, the latter nttered an excla.iuat.ton,
that showed he perceived the strong Ukene33 In
the son to the father. Everybody ex
presses the opinion that tbe demonstration of
to-dai .was tBf grandest tha country had ever
seen, Vice-President Hendricks said he did not
know there was so many people about New
York. He added: "All's well that ends welL"
The Grant family will return to Mt McGregor
in a day or two, and remain there during the
rest of the summer.
New York, Aug. 8. After returning .from,
the funeral, President Cleveland and cabinet
went to their hoteL They remained only a
short time, when they took tha train for Albany.
Vice-President Hendricks remained in tho city.
Albany, Aug. 8. President Cleveland arrived
here on a special train from Yonkers at 11:80,
hhving proceeded from New York to Yonkers
on the United Suites steamer Dispatch. Ha was
accompanied by Secretary Lamont, CoL Mc
Michael and Adit-Gen. Farnsworth. Ha is the
guest of Dr. S. B. Ward. He visited tha Fort
Orange club and was cordially received. Ho
leaves for tha upper Saranac to-morrow.
03 mis coisr.
IN SAN FRANCISCO.
San Francisco, Aug. 8. Business hero wa3
almost entirely suspended In honor ot tho Grant
memorial parade and services. All public of
fices were closed. The draping of the city is
complete. Hardly a building, public or private,
but what displays emblems of memorlam, mo3t
of which are exceedingly handsome. The
streets are thronged with people awaiting the
starting of the procession, in which nbout 8000
men will march. At sunrise thirteen guns were
fired from each of tho five military stations lo
cated in San Francisco bay. During the day a
gun will be fired every half hour until sunset,
when a grand national salute of thirty-eight
guns will be fired.
It was nearly 12 o'clcck when the procession
started from the corner of Market and California
streets and followed the route previously an
nounced to Mechanics' pavilion, where the liter
ary exercises of the day were held. The pavilion
Is heavily and handsomely draped, and presents
the appearance of a huge mausoleum. Six
thousand yards of cloth were consumed in drap
ing the building. Every available vehicle was
called into use and held its load of citizens to
view the parade, at twenty-five cents for re
served seats. The exercises began with a "Vol
untary" by tha band; then followed Rev.
Robert MacKenzie; hymn; scriptural reading;
hymn; scriptural reading; prayer by Rev. T. K.
Noble: hymn; long and eloquent address by
Rev. Bishop C. H. Fowler, orator of tha day;
requiem anthem, and closing benediction by
at Butte crrr.
Butte, M. T., Aug. 8. The honors to the
dead hero in tha great mining camp of tha
West wero most fittingly paid. Business was
entirely suspended. Even the gambling houses
were closed, the first time then: doors have been
closed m tha history or this prosperous camp.
The parade was the largest in tho history of
Montana. Fully 3,000 men were in line, includ
ing the military, the civic societies and repre
sentatives of the local and territorial govern
ments. All tho mines and smelters suspended
operation?, and fully 10,000 spectators lined tha
streets. The demonstration of respect was
under the auspices of Lincoln Post No. 2, Grand
Army of the Republic. They turned out over
2C0 strong, under Charles S. Warren, post com
mander. Every state was represented In this
column of veterans. Tho funeral oration was
delivered by Bev. C. C. Frost, of the army of the
James, an old army friend of the dead general.
To-night at sundown thirty-eight minute guns
are being fired.
Sprague, W.T., Aug. 8. Sprague to-day paid
proper respect to the memory of tha deceased
great cantam. Business houses were univer
sally draped in mourning at an early hour, and
business has suspended. The railroad com
pany's employeers, excepting those absolutely
engaged in the running of trams, were given a
holiday, and in tho entire place all things are
quiet Memorial services wereheldnt the opera
house, which was completely filled, and elo
quent orations were delivered by Bev. J. W.
Hill and Hon. W. H. Smallwood. Sprague has
not failed to 6how her sorrow over the death of
Grant in a fitting manner.
Colfax, W. T., Aug. 8. Memorial services
were held in tha city halt Every business house
with one exception was closed during the ser
vices. The hall was neatly draped, and the
Grand Army stacked their arms in the hall, A
number of eloquent speakers addressed tha
meeting. A general feeling of sympathy for
tho honored dead prevailed.
Helena, M. T., Aug. 8. Grant memorial
services at the opera house, wero attended by a
great crowd of citizens and veterans. Wads
worth Post, G. A. B paraded full ranks and
marched to the hall. Addresses wore made by
Maj. Martin Maginnis, Delegate Toole, Arthur J.
Craven and Senators Ben Harrison, of Indiana
and Jones, of Arkansas.
Astoria, Aug. 8. Memorial services were
observed hero to-day. A large procession, with
a band, proceeded to tha opera house, where
the Grand Army ritual was read, and addresses
made by various speakers, together with ap
propriate music by the Astoria band. All bus
iness houses were closed during the time of tho
at walla, walla.
Walla Walla, W. T., Aug. 8. Grant mem
orial day was observed here, all business being
suspended from 1 to 1. Tho Grand Army, Odd
Fellows, Knights of Pythias, Workmen and
Grant rifle company formed in a procession to
the Bak6r school grounds, where appropriate
ceremonies were observed.
New York Sun: After all, the national demo
cratic guillotine seems to work with a great deal
of regmarity and efficiency. We may bo happy
Minneapolis Tribune: We venture the pre
diction that Chicago will have a magnificent
monument to Gen. Grant before New York has
settled upon a site for one.
Boston Herald, (Mugwump): The substitu
tion of democrats who will run the public offices
for party advantage for republicans who have
done the same thing, Is not reform.
Djdianapolis Times: Gen. Grant's greatne33
was always in him, and if ha had died without
becoming famous it would simply have been an
other proof that "the world knows nothing of
its greatest men."
Cincinnati Commercial Gazette: Di Ohio tha
question Is to be determined whether the senate
is to be handed over to the democrats that they
may have the law-making Dower and reorganize
the supreme court for confederate purposes.
Philadelphia Press: A democratic administra
tion has managed to drive into bankruptcy the
largestshipbuilderinthe United States and to
turn over to foreign vessels every ocean mail
carried under the United States flag.
Cincinnati Commercial Gazette: There are
perEons still troubled because, as they put it,
Gen. Grant's grave is not to ba in national solL
11 there Is any part of this country that is not na
tional sou it should bo subjected to soma use or
process to make it so.
Boston Herald; As a military man in the
presidency, Jackson was tha most successful in
establishing himself as a power. Yet it is the
opinion of at least half the nation to-day that
Grant did really more patriotic services in subor
dinating hi3 military traits than Jackson did in
asserting them in his own character. Grant
could conquer himself; Jackson never even
thought of making the effort to do this.
New York Times: There is little use in argu
ing on economic ground with those who main
tain that all indulgence in stimuLints, however
mild and with whatever moderation, U inju
rious, but if wa condemn the production and
gala of anything because it is unnecessary or
-might be dispensed with, wa are on the way to
arguing out of existence the bulk of tha Indus
tries and traffic by which men live, and show
ing that the greater part of the money spent is
Grant's Greatest TIctory.
General Hovfard at Omaha.
Djfirmities our heroic leader had, but ha knew
them, he overcame them. I saw evidences of
that victory often and am not mistaken. It
would be utter folly for a young man to yield to
drink and excuse himself by tha example of a
great mam Ob, what a struggle, stronger than
that with Lee, Johnston and Pemberton, yet
thank God; ha conquered. Few public men of
to-das hav! become, mora abstemious tnaa ba
was tne later years of uis life,
EULOGY BY BLAISE..
The Maine Statesman Pays an El
oquent Tribute to Grant. ;
EULOGY BY GENERAL BUTL5R..
Henarial Services Eeli is aU tie Prisdpal Cities of
tie Ualoa Federal aad Confederates
March Side by Slda.
Augusta, Ma, Aug. 8. Appropriate Grant
memorial services wero held here to-day. At tha
exercises held in tha Granito church this after-,
noon tho following eulogy was delivered bye
Hon. James G. Blaine;
Public sensibility and personal sorrow
over the death of Gen. Grant are not confined to
one continent A profound admiration for his
great qualities and still more profound gratitude
for his great services have touched tho hearts of
the people with true sympathy, increased even
to tender emotions by tha agony ot his closing
days and the undoubted heroism with which, ha
morally conquered a last cruel fate. The world
in Its hero worship is discriminating and practi
cal if not, indeed, selfish. Eminent qualities and
rare achievements do not always insure lasting
fame. A brilliant orator enchains his hearers
with inspired and inspiring gifts, but if his
speech be not successfully used to soma
popular recollection his only reward
sui be la tha pltful applause
of his forgotten audience. A victorious gen
eral, in the war of mere ambition, receives tha
cheers of the multitude and tha ceremonial
honors of his government but if he brings no
been to his country his fame will find no abid
ing place in the centuries that follow. Tha
hero for the ages is he who has been chief and
foremost In contributing to the moral and ma
terial progress, to the grandeur and glory of tha
succeeding generation. Washington secured
luo ireeoom 01 tne colonies, and founded a new
nation; Lincoln was tho prophet who warned
the people of the evils that were undermining
our free government, and tho statesman who
was called to the leadership in the workot their
extirpation; Grant was a soldier who, by vic
tory In the field, gave vitality and force to tha
policies and philantropic measures which Lin
coln defined in the cabinet for the regeneration
and security of tbe republic
HIS NAME SHALL ENDURE.
As long as the American Union shall abide,
with its blessings of law and liberty, Grant's
name shall be remembered with honor; as long
as the slavery ol human beings is ab
horred and the freedom of men assured. Grant
shall be recalled with gratitude; and in tha
cycles of the future the story of Lincoln's life
can never be told without associating Grant in
tho enduring splendor of his own great name.
Gen. Grant's military supremacy was honestly
earned, without factious praise and without
extraneous help. He had no Influence to earn
his promotion, except such as was attracted by
his own achievements. He iiad no potential
friends, except those whom his victories won to
Lis support He rose more rapidly than any
military leader in history from the cimmand
of a single regiment to the supremo direction of
a million of men, divided into many great
armies, and operating over an area as largo as
the empires of Germany and Austria combined.
Ha exhibited extraordinary qualities in tha
field. Bravery among American offi
cers is a rule which has happily had
few exceptions; but as an eminent General
said, Grant possessed a quality above bravery.
He had Insensibility to danger, was apparently
unconscious of fear, but besides that ho pos
sessed evenness, of judgment to be depended
upon in sunshine and storm. Napoleon said the
rarest attribute among generals is 2 o'clock
In the morning courage. "I mean," ha added,
unprepared courage that which isnecessary oa
unexpected occasions, and which, inspita of;the
most unfoieseen events, leaves full freedom o
judgment and promptness of decision." No
better description could be given of tho type oX
courage which distinguished Gen. Grant His
constant readiness to fight was another quality
which, according to the same great authority,
established his right as commander. "Gen
erals," said the exile at St Helena, "are rarely
found eager to give battle. They choose their
positions, consider their combinations and
their indecision begins. Nothing," added this
greatest warrior of modern times, "is so diffi
cult as to decide." Gen. Grant in his services in
the field never once exhibited indecision, and it
was this quality that gave him his crowning
characteristic as a military leader. He inspired
his men with a sense of their invincibility, and
they were thenceforward Invincible.
Tho career of Gem Grant, when he passed
from military to civil administration, is marked
by bis strong qualities. His presidency of eight
years is filled with events ot magnitude in
which, it his judgment was sometimes ques
tioned, his patriotism was always conceded. He
entered upon his office, after tha angry dis
turbances caused by the singular conduct ot
Lincoln's successor, and quietly enforced a
poncy wnicn had oeen for lour years a cause or
embittered disputation. His election to the
presidency proved, in one important aspect a
landmark in the history of tha country. For
nearly fifty years preceding that event there had
been few presidential elections in which tho
fata of tho Union had not In soma degree been
agitated either by threats of political malcon
tents or in the apprehensions of timid patriots.
The Union was saved by tho victory of an army
commanded by Gen. Grant No menace ot its
destruction has ever been heard since Gen.
Before tho people death always holds a fla
of truce over Its own. Under that flag friend
and foe, sit peacefully together. Passions ara
stilled, Lenevolence is restored, wrongs are re
paired, justice is done. It Is impossible
that a career so long, so prominent
so positive as that of Gen. Grant
should not have provoked strife- and en-.
gendered enmity. For more than twenty years,
from the death of Lincoln to tha close of his
own life, Gen. Grant was tha most conspicuous
man in America one to whom leaders looked
for leadership, upon whom partisans, built their
hopes of victory, to whom personal friends by T
the tens of thousands offered then: devotions!
It was according to human nature that counter
movements should ensue; that Gen. Grant's
primacy should be challenged; that his party
should be resisted; that his devoted friends
should be confronted by jealous men in hl3 own
ranks, and by bitter enemies in the ranks ot hi3
opponents; but all these resentments are buried
In the grave which to-day receives his remains.
The contention respecting his rank as com
mander ceases, and Unionists and Confederates
alike testify to his powers in battle and his mag
nanimity in peace. The controversy of his civil
administration closes, as democrats and repub
licans unite in pronouncing him to have been'in
every act and every aspiration an American pa
triot The other speakera were the Hon. J. W.
Bradbury, Hon. J. Manchester Haynes and Gen.
Luther Stephenson, Jr. The church was filled
AE USPLEASAaT ISCIDE5T.
Coroner O'Donnell Persists in Creating a Sceao la
San Francisco, Aug. 8. At 11 past 7 o'clock
Ibis morning, corresponding to 27 minutes past
10, New York time, the bells of the fire depart
ment began to ring and rang sixty-three times
at intervals of one minute between each stroke.
The great bell in the Davilion was also rung and
some of the church bells also lolled. The first
bell indicated the commencement of the funeral
march from City Hall, New York, to Riverside
park. The arrival of the remains at the grave
and the deposit therein were announced by six
bells, a bell for each letter in tha words, "At
Best" At precisely 2 o'clock this afternoon the
fire bells tolled six times, announcing that tha
bodv of Grant had been laid in the tomb.
When the last division of the grand pro
cession reached the Grand hotel Cor
oner O'Donnell, who had watched
the cavalcade from his carriage for over an
hour, attempted to drive into line and take hi3
place at the head of a division. His attempt
was greeted with a shout of approval from the
Emallboys on the streets. The carriages at the
head of the procession, however, refused to giva
way. Marshal. Hatch observed tho disturbance,
and rode up, ordering O'Donnell to 'get out o
the way. The coroner refused, and loud words
ensued. A great crowd began to gather, and.
hoodlum, boy, with shqqt3,ot "Qet.in, doctQrl?'
attempted to force, O'Donnell into line. Marshal