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About The state Republican. (Eugene City, Or.) 1862-1863 | View This Issue
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THE STATE It E FOLK' A X .
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11. SHAW A t o., KiiKene Cilv, Oregon.
. To An-Ki!TiHi:ns.--Ttusiness men (hroimhout Ownn and
f aliforniti will line! it greatly to their advantage to adver
tise intheStATK Ui'.ithi.ican'.
The Weakness of Secession.
The radical weakness of the secession doctrine
lias, been demonstrated by argument, and is now
being proved by tho logic of events. Tho bogus
Southern Confederacy is virtually based upon the
idea of the paramount sovereignty of each State.
There is no common sovereignty of the whole
people, speaking through tho majority. Every
State community is independent absolutely, not
relatively. They are not United Slates having
ono nationality, but a league, dissolvable at will
by tho action of tiny member of it, and hating
the idea of cheerful obedience to a central au
thority, though of their own free election. The
history of thirty centuries shows how such
leagues have resulted in constant jealousies and
quarrels, terminating in suicidal war and despot
ism. I lie Southern league could never estab
lish itself as a permanent! power, even should it
lo successful in its war against the Union, for
this seed of dissolution in its breast is even now
germinating the peri! i f a common dinger tail
ing to unite cordially communities that are fight
ing against the essential principle of unity. Since
the Secession rebellion began, there have been
frequent conflicts "between the State and Confedor
to Governments, mid a great amount of State
nights bluster, going even to the extreme of a
threatened displacement of the rebel President
1y that Southern revolutionary sham a Con
vention. Several of the insurgent Stales, through
their Governors, have indignantly hinted at an
intention to tluow themselves upon what they
nail their reserved rights, which is a sort of
booiuer.in.: woinrei that comes back to its em
ployers, sometimes with fatal force. Thu latest
illustration of the eccentricity of tho Southern
cometary bodies, which nr. (lying madly around
tho orderly system of the Union, is nlforded by
late correspondence between Governor Brown,
of Georgia, and G. W. Uaudolph, the rebel Sec
retary ol War. Tho Governor informed the
Secretary, June 17th, that tho Confederate en
rolling olii :ers, acting under tho general conscrip
tion act, which made liable to draft all mulatto
and white males capable of bearing arms, had
enrolled many persons who were recogniz il by
tio State authorities as militia ofl'u-urs in com
mission ; and tha Governor added :
" Please send mo by telegraph an order for
the release of all such who have been enrolled,
and direct Major Dunwoody to stop tho enroll
ment of State officers, or I shall order the arrest
of each officer w ho arrests a State officer. I wish
n immcdiato reply."
And he received it. The Secretary said that
Major Dunwoody had been instructed not to en
roll militia officers recognized by the Stato au
thorities its in commission; but sharply added:
" If you arrest him or any of our enrolling
officers in their attempts to get men to fill up the
Georgia regiments now in the face of the enemy,
you will causo great mischief. I think we might
its well drive out our common enemy before we
make war on eiuh other.".
To this Governor Brown responded by asking
that Major Dunwoody's subordinates, who
seemed to disregard the Secretary's orders to
this drafting officer, should bo directed to obey
them. He concluded his last note as follows :
"I agree with yott fully that wo should unite
all our energies to drive out tho common enemy
And not make war among ourselves. I am most
happy, therefore, that the Confederate Govern
nient has decided to respect tho constitutional
rizhts of the State so far as not to force her to
the alternative of permitting any department of j
her Constitutional Government to be disbanded ,
and destroyed, or to defend tho existence and
integrity of tho Government by force."
Iheso words indicate that had the rebel secre
tary of War construed the Conscription Act dif-1
ferently from what he did, and refused to prohibit ,
the enrollment of State militia officers, the Gov-
firnorof Georgia would have rebelled against
the rebellion. Tho inherent weakness of a gov
ernmental system that allows of such threats
from ono of its parts is palpable, and should am
ply justify to the world tho war whic i loyal
Americans aro making to annihilate the heresy
Asotiikr Usios Saver. An eastern paper
Jias tho following good one" from Lewis Cass:
Somebody asked Gen. Cass, recently, in De
troit: " General, what may we do to save the
Union!" " Anything." "May we abolish shi,
rcry?" Abolish anything on the surface of the
earth to save the nation."
" My mother," said a fop, " was renowned for
her beauty. She was certainly the handsomest
Vomm I have ever seen."
, Ahl" said Tulleyr.md, looking through him,
and taking his measure at once, " it was your
father, then, that was so rlain."
Call fur 300,000 Volunteers.
The following correspondence explains itself :
Address of Governors of States to the President.
To tiik PttESiDENT : The undersigned, Cover,
nors of States of tho Union, impressed with the
belief that the citizens of tho States which they
respectively represent, are of ono accord in the
hearty desire that tho recent successes of the
Federal arms be followed up by measures which
must inure the speedy restoration of tho Union,
and believing that in view of the important mil
itary movements now in progress, and tiio ro
duced condition of our effective forces in the
field, resulting from the unavoidable causalties
of tho service, that tho timo has arrived for
prompt and vigorous measures to Lo adopted
by tho people in support of tho great interests
committed to your charge, wo respectfully re
quest, if it meets with your entire approval, that
you at once call upon the several States for such
numbers of men as may be required to fill up
all military organizations now in the field, and
add to the army heretofore orgairzad such ad
ditional number of men as innv, in your j-id"
nient, be necessary to garrison and hold all the
numerous cities ami military positions that mav
have been captured by our armies, nud to speed
ily crush tho rebellion that still exists in sonic of
tho Southern States,. thus practically restoring to
the civilized world our great and good Govern
nient. All believe that the decisivo moment is
near at hand, and to that end the people of the
United States are desirous to aid promptly in
furnishing all reinforcements that you may deem
necessary to sustain tho Government.
Israel Washburn, Jr., Governor of Maine.
N. S. Berry, Governor of New Hampshire.
Frederick Holbrook, Governor of Vermont.
W. A. Buckingham, Governor of Connecticut.
E. 1). Morgan, Governor of New Yen k.
Chas. S. Olden, Governor of New Jersey.
A. G. Curtin, Governor of Pennsylvania.
A. W. ; radfbrd, Governor of Maryland.
i W. Pierponf, Governor of Virginia.
Austin Blair, Governor of Michigan.
J. B. Temple, President of Military Board of
Andrew Johnson, Governor of Tennessee.
II. R. Gamble, Governor of Missouri.
O. P. Morton, Governor of Indiana.
David Tod, Governor of Ohio.
Alexander Jiamscy, Governor of Minnesota.
Uichard Yates, Governor of Illinois.
I'M ward Solomon, Governor of Wisconsin.
The President's Reply.
Executive, Mansio.v, )
NrtTOX, July 1, 1SG2. f
Gentlemen : Fully concurring in the wisdom
of tho views expressed to too in so patriotic a
manner by you in tho communication of the 28th
day of June, 1 havo decided to call into tho ser
vice an additional force of ,'500,000 men.
I suggest and recommend that the troops
should bo chiefly infantry. Tho quota of your
State would bo . I trust that they may be
enrolled without delay, so as to bring this un
necessary and injurious civil war to a speedy and
An order fixing tho quotas c f tho respective
States will bo issued by tho War Deprrtment
to morrow- Abraham Lincoln.
A KKW EkLIAIILK METHODS OK PltKPARINO
TIIK Soil. FOR, ANII SoWINO TUB SEEDS OF CoN-
sumption. " Dance all night till broad daylight,
and go homo with tho beaux in tho morning,"
insufficiently wrapped in open sleighs.
When you receive guests, be particular and
make a valedictory communication in tho cVId
hall or open doorway.
Wash clothes in steaming sud--, and if the
wind is blowing cold, hang them to dry in the
yard without an extra wrapper about your per
son. Eschew woolen undcr-garmcnts of any sort ;
and if much exposed to the weather avoid thick
boots or shoes.
If von accidentally step into a puddle of
water, let your shoes and stockings dry on your
feet; audit caught in a shower with a market
basket on ono arm and a band-box on tho other,
so that it is impossible to keep your skirts held
above the ground, don't think of changing them.
If you have been out "sparking" until tho
small hours of the night, and havo a powerful
presentment that your father will give you a
gratuitous caning it you crawl in tho window
over tho shed, lie out in tho piazz; or summer
house ; or if your homo is devoid of these archi
tectural luxuries, repose lor a few hours
a few hours upon
tho lap of earth, with Iho stars above growing
pale while peeping at you
Use hot water in shaving, and rido six miles
in tho faco of a north-easter with uncovered
On retirins f r the night, let your boots and
hose be the first articles of clothing removed,
nnj luivo ever so man v errands about the un-
In short, to use Mr. Micawbrr's phraseology,
" check perspiration as frequently as possible."
The above methods may not bo adopted to
persons in every condition of life, but we doubt
not they contain sufficient hints for reflective
minds to devise rules for their peculiar cases.
" Pray sir, of what profession are you?" said
Mr. Edwin James to a witnesi, who had come
to prove a fact, and who was not deemed a very
"Sir. lama snocmakcr and a wine mer
chant." , , ,
"A what, sir!" said the learned Queens
" A wine merchant and shoemaker,
It is unusual in England to combine two such
l . Tm. I m, describe von
- i J -
as a shcrrv cobler'.''
CITY, OKEGOX, AUGUST L3, 1802.
Little Cnii.DUEs's Duesses. A distinguished
physician, w ho died some years since in Paris,
declared : " 1 believe that during the twenty-six
years I have practiced my profession in this city
twenty thousand children have been carried to
the cemeteries, a sacrifice to tho absurd custom
of exposing their arms naked. I havo often
thought if a mother were anxious to show the
soft, white skin of her baby, and would cut out
a round hole in the little thing's dress, just over
the heart, and then carry it about for observa
tion by tho company, it would do very little
harm. But to expose, the baby's arms, mem
bers so far removed from the heart, and with
such feeble circulation at best, is a most perni
cious practice. Put thu bulb of a thermometer
in a baby's mouth; tho mercury rises ninety
nine degrees. Now carry tho same bulb to its
little hand ; it the arm is hare and tho evoking
coo!, the mercury will sink to forty degrees. Of
course all the blood w hich Hows through these
arms and hands must fall from twenty to forty
degrees below the temperature ot the heart.
Need I say that when these cold currents of blood
I'ow back into the chest, thu child's general vital
ily must bo tuoro or less compromised. And
need I add that wc ought not to be surprised at
its frequent recurring nilcetior.s of tho lungs,
throat and stomach. 1 have seen more that one
child with habitual cough and hoarseness, or
choking with mucus, entirely and perfectly ro
lieved by simply keeping its arms and hands
warm. Every observing and progressive phy
sician has daily opportunities to witness the same
(Jen. MeL'lellaii's Address to his Soldiers.
The following was McClullau'.s address to his
soldiers after tho memorable week's battles
fought during tho withdrawal of his forces from
the Chickahominy :
Soldiers of the Army of the Potomac : Your
achievements of tho last ten days have illustrated
tho valor and endurance of thu American soldier
attacked by superior forces ; and without hope
of reinforcements you have succeeded in chang
ing your base of operations by a II ink movement,
always regarded as the most hazardous of mili
tary expedients. Yon have saved all your ma
terial, all your trains, and all your guns, except
a few lost in battle, taking in return guns nnd
colors from the enemy. Upon your inarch you
have been assailed day after day with desperate
fury by men of the same race and nation, skill
fully massed and led. Under everyjdisadvantage
of number, and necessarily of position also, you
have in every conflict beaten back your foes with
enormous slaughter. Your conduct' ranks you
among tho celebrated armies of history. No
ono will now question that each of you may
alwavs say with pride : " I belong to the army
of the Potomac." You have reached tho new
base complcto in organization, and unimpaired
inspirit. Tho enemy may at any time attack
you. e ure prepared to meet them. 1 have
personally established your lines. Let them
come, and we will convert their repulse into final
defeat. Your Government is strengthening you
with tho resources ot a great people. On this
our nation's birthday, we declare to our foes, who
are rebels against the best interests of mankind,
that tins army shall enter the capital of the so
called Confederacy ; that our national Constitu
tion shall prevail, and that the Union, which can
alone insure internal peace and external security
to each State, " must and shall bo preserved,"
cost what it may in time, treasure and blood.
(Signed,) Geo. B. McCi.ki.i.as.
Tub National Tax. Let us look at thctaxbill
with no fears for the future, nnd no grumbling for
tho present. The secessionists can c'o that to
thoir heart's content. Loyal citizens may put
their hands in their pockets and pay their public
as well as their private debts, without hesitation,
looking at the bill we find that the taxes consist
of licenses on various kinds of business, stamps
on various classes of commercial and legal pn,
rers, and a percentage on manufactures. Most
of the rough material is not taxed. There is no
tax upon land, grain, vegetables, lumber, or cat
tle. The annual licenses are (J 100 upon banks,
theaters and wholesale liquor houses ; .j0 upon
brokers, wholesale merchants, nnd circusses ;$'20
upon auctioneers and retail liquor sellers ; $10
npon apothecaries, physicians, lawyers, dentists,
retail merchants, confectioners, eating houses,
photographers, and tobacconists ; from ff'l to
$50 upon brewers ; nnd from to '.'00 upon
hotels. A percentage of three per cent, is levied
upon tho value of manufactures of iron, tin, brass
copper, lead, silver, cotton, wool, flax, ami silk,
and upon the gross amounts of advertisements
received by newspapers, periodicals, etc, and div
idends declared by banking corporation?. Beer
pays $1 per barrel, nnd w ine five cents on the
gallon. Bills of exchange and promissory notes
pay a small stamp tax, amounting in most cases
to less than oiic-tcntli of one per cent. A tax of
three per cent, is laid upon all incomes between
The bill went into effect on the first of August
nnd the first taxes under it will probably bo col
lected next spring. It will pour an immense
amount of money into the national treasury,
and help not a little to show tho world how the
Americans can pay as well as fight, Tho money
must bo paid and the sooner we eomtnense, the
better it will be for the nation ultimately. It is
bad policy in a nation to allow debts to accum
ulate, without an effort to reduce them by tax
ation. Who Din It ? A boarder nt the Delmoncio,
on reading the Evening Adeertiier tor Sunday ford 'oil thus hits off the ermont Breckinridge
morning, remarked that the editor of that paper! party:
had " made an ass of himself;'' to which one of, Tho man who nets as the Breckinridge party in
the waiters, touched by the apparent injustice of j Vermont is going to make a convention of him
the charge, replied with spirit, " Lor' save us, do ' self in July. Last year ho was divided on local
poor man ain't to blame, a ; Gorrimighty made
..... . i. .!.,. ,.. ,.U v., . f.if Ti,..r,
dat sort ob a Ion out ob 'cm fust '." Times. I
European intervention in the I'liitcd states,
l.io intelligence from Europe foreshadows the
intention of tho limperor of tho French, in co
operation with England, to interpose by an
armed intervention in tho American war, 1 i order
to put a stop to it and to enforce peace tin tho
basis of a separation between the North and tho
South. Taken in connection with tho visit of
Count Pcrsigny to London, with an article in
the Par's Constitutionnel, w ith the tone of the
English tress nnd Parliament, and with tho fact
ot the invasion ot Mexico, lor tho avowed pur
pose of changing its institutions and subverting
its present jjoveriunent, tho news is of a most
startling character. Tho same pretense set forth
in the Spanish Cortes by LV.Ideron Collautcs for
intervention in Mexico namely, to prevent a
fratricidal war is holdout to the earot human
ity and civilization for intervention in tho United
States. But cotton and tobacco and hostility to
free institutions aro at the bottom of British and
French philanthropy. Tho London Times of
the 1 lib instant raves about promised cotton,
and takes no comfort i i our capture of New Or
leans. Their ruined commerce and manufactures
and tho revolutionary tendency of their own
population in consequenco of prolonged distress
are the real incentives ta the the action of the
Powers of Western Europe, and not any sym
pathy for tho sufferings of humanity in tho New
The English journals and the English nobility
in both houses of Parliament nll'ect to be greatly
shocked at tho course of Gen. Butler in New
Orleans. Lord Palmerstoli, in the House of
Commons, stigmatizes it as infamous, and such
that an Englishman should blush for tho Anglo
Saxon race. Earl Utissel on tho same night do
iiounees it in tho House of Lords, Earl Carnavon
iiys it is without a precedent in tho annals of
war. Have they forgotten Packenliam'a watch
word of " beauty nnd booty " before Now Or
leans at tho close of the war of or tho
tomahawk and scalping knife of the savage in the
war of American Independence, when the British
government paid a certain price for every scalp
produced by tho Indian as tho result of his
slaughter of the whitcskins, whether men, women
or children Havo they forgotten tho massacre
of Wyoming, and the fiendish deeds of their
hireling Hessians? Could they not call to mind
tho bloody scene of Glencoe, in Scotland, or the
atrocious butchery of Cromwell, at Droglieda,
in Ireland, where, by bis own confession, lie
treacherously put man, woman and child to the
sword after tho surrender of the town 1 W hat
of tho war against tho Chinese, to compel them
to cat opium, to their certain destruction, but
fur the advantage of Briti.sh commerce! And,
filially, is their memory so treacherous that they
do not remember tho atrocities of Hastings and
Clive in India, and of tho more modem proceed
ings ot the British nrniy compelling tho Sepoys
to bite tho dust because they would not lute
tireased cartridges, contrary to tho precepts of
their religion, and of thu blowing of their miser
nplo victims from the mouths of cannon ? Let
us hear no more, therefore, fibout precedents for
cruelty in war.
The real meaning of tho mock humanity of
Palmerston, llussell, nnd tho other British states
men is, that they desire to infinite tho public
mind of England nnd nil Europo ngainst the
United States, nnd to proparo tho way for that
intervention which Earl liussell intimates is only
a question of timo on tho part of tho British
government. Tho London Post, its organ, says
"tho difficulties in the way of tho reconstruction
of tho American Union nre insurmountable."
Tho London Herald, oraan of tho opposition,
nsks " How long is America to bo indulged nnd
Europe to endure?" Tho Paris correspondence
of some of tho English papers asserts that " Na-
poieou is assured ot me co-operaiiou tu j-.nianu
in his schemes of intervention in the United
States; that mediation has been resolved upon ;
that simultaneous propositions will bo tn.ulo by
England and Franco nt liichmond and Wrshing-
ton, and that in easo of refusal, either by the
North or the South, the two powers will linprse
peace on the belligerents by force of arms, uut
we raiher think, as intimated by Earl Kussell
tnd the Manchester Guardian, that tho program
me is to let Franco, for I ho present, go forward
alone, as in the case of Mexico, and that, if nec
essary, England and Spain will come to her res
But Iho United States will know how to denl
with theso Powers should they attempt to inter
fero in her domestic concerns. Wc will soon
have an army of threo quarter of a million of
men disengaged after the suppression of tho ro
be llioti, and a fleet of iron clad vessels which
will sweep the combined navies of trance, r.ng
land and Spain from the face of tho ocean ; nor
will we ever lav down our arms till wo wipe out
every vestige of foreign sway in the New world.
iV. J . Jlvrol l.
Troops Akrivku. Major Ilinearson's com
maud First Kegiment Oregon Cavalry, arrived
on Wednesday morning from Walla Walla.
They crossed the Clearwater with their large
baggage wagons about noon, nnd nt once started
for the Lnpwi, some twelve miles from town,
whero we understand they will be stationed for
tho present. These troops were taken from the
best in the district, nt:d judging from their fine
soldierly bearing as they passed our oflico on
their way from tho ferry, wo shall often, we
trust, have occasion to speak of them in terms of
praise and commendation. (rollen Age.
Demcracy a Unit im krjmst. Iho Hart-
issues, but ho hopes to agree this time, and pre
sent an unbroken front to the enemy.
j A Woman' 1'ahmku. Tho Maine Farmer say
' fltlt a Blll,.?M-t I ... ill X n. t I-.. .1 . . . tn .. !nf ...a
. us t, . . , llci,rhbor of his-vet on thaminnr
side of forty, nnd weighing only eighty-threo
pounds averdupoise owning a farm of some
iOO acres, has raised during tho past season, 61
bushels of corn. III V do. w heat, 41 do. rye, 43
do. barley, 000 do. oats, 400 do. potatoes, 1,.
000 do. iipplcs, grafted fruit, and 40 tons of hay.
She also keeps 40 head of neat stock, S horses
and 00 sheep. Tho value of tho above products
is not less than fcl.tiOO, while tho expenoes havo
been about $000 loaving a net profit of $1,000
for the smart little woman to put in her pocket.
If farming will pay like this under tho manage
ment of a woman, why should the big two-fisted
fellows complain that they cannot get a living
by it ?
Water Melon Molasses. A man in Hoss
County, Ohio, states that he made, last season
from water melons grown on one acre of ground,
eighteen barrels of syrup, which sold for eighty
cents a gallon, giving $ 100 for tho acre of land
and labor. The Ohio Cultivator gives the process
as follows: Take only the soft part of tho mel
on, w hich can bo scooped out with tho hand or a
wooden spoon ; rub it through a wire sieve into
a barrel or tub, then strain out tho juice through
a cloth strainer ; boil down the juico in a copper
kettle, just as you would cider or mnplo sugar
water, bo careful not to scorch It when nearly
done. For preserving syrup for friits this is
excellent, nnd also for many other uses. An
acre of good melons will yield eighteen or
twenty barrels of syrup.
Ex Eui'iNK, Throughout all nature, want of
motion indicates weakness, corruption, inanima
tion and death. Trenck, in his damp prison,
leaped about like a lion, in his fetters of seventy
pounds weight, in order to preserve his health ;
and an illustrious physician observes : " I know
not winch, is tho most necessary tor tho support
of the human frame food or motion, Wero
tho exercise of the body attended to in n corros
ponding degree to that of tho mind, men of
learning would bo more healthy and vigorous.
of more general talents, of more ample practical
knowledge; more happy in their domestic lives ;
more enterprising and attached to their duties as
men. In line, with propriety it may bo said.
that the highest refinement of mind, without im
provement of tho body, can never present any
thing more than halt a human being.
Consistency. Throughout tho whole North
wo find scores of avowed Abolitionists that hnvo
always acted with the Kepublicn parly, mid nre
found there to-day, honored with high nud im
portani positions by the present Administration,
and some of that party put on an air of " injured
innocence," whon it is gently intmated that tho
party is nn Abolition party. I'ucer Adeocate.
Throughout tho whole country wo have found
thieves, niurderes nnd traitors acting with tho
Democratio party, yet somo of that party would
doubtless "put on an nir of injured innocenco,"
if it should bo gently intimated that the Demo
cratic party is a scoundrel party. If a fow Abo
litiouists can nboiittomzo tho entire Administra
tion Uii'on party, n fuw thieves can mako
scoundrels of tho entire " Democratic" party.
To takk tub Scent out or Clothing. Sit
ting on tho piazza f the Cataract was a young,
foppish looking gentleman, his garments very
highly scented with a mingled odor of musk
and cologne. A solemn-faced odd looking man,
after passing by tho dandy several times with a
look ot aversion which drew general notice,
suddenly stopped, and in a confidential tono
"Stranger, I know what'll take that scent out
of your clothes4 you"
"What! what do you mean, sir T said tho
exquisite, fired with indignation, starting from
" Oh, get mad, now swear, pitch round, fight
just because a man wants to do you a kindness,"
coolly replied the stranger. " But I till you 1
do know what II take out that smell phew ! you
just bury your clothes bury 'em a day or two.
Undo Josh got afoul of a skunk, and he "
At this moment there went up from the crowd
a simultaneous roar of merriment, and tho dan
dy very sensibly " cleared tho coop " nnd van
ished up stairs.
That Last Dic ii. (Jen. Jackson, it seems,
originated this expression, which the rebels, truo
to their vocation, havo stolen. Gen. Jackson
wrote to Claiborne, Governor of Mississippi:
" I bate tho Doris (Spaniards), nnd would dc
light to see Mexico reduced ; but I would die in
the last ditch before I would seo tho Union dis
united," The Atlantic Monthly hns a good articlo on tho
" Old Dominion as it was nnd as it is now. lit
the early history of Virginia, a census was taken
of Jamestown. Of seventy-tight men, there
were found " four carpenters, twelve laborers,
one blacksmith, one bricklayer, one sailor, ono
barber, ono mason, one tailor, one chirurgeon,
and fifty four gentlemen " Thesi were called
genilrmem because they would not labor. This
was about the year 1031. In the same part of
Virginia, in tY2, there is found about the samo
proportion of genttimen to laboring whito men.
It would not bo strange if tho war should result
in changing the proportion of idlers to industri
ous men in Virginia. Secesh plantations will
make capital homsteads for loyal industrious
citizens of the North. Ortgonian.
' I live, in Julia's eyes," said an exquisite, in
"I believe," said George," f r ho had a l'y
in them when I saw her lat. " -