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About The state Republican. (Eugene City, Or.) 1862-1863 | View This Issue
THE STATE REPUBLICAN.
"The 8trar?le of to-day is not altogether for
J. M. GALE,
EUGENE CITY, SATURDAY, MAY 24, 1862.
J. R. McBRTDE.
A. C. GIBBS.
'or Secretary of State,
S. E. MAY
.For Sfafr Printer,
For Stale Treasurer,
E. N. COOK.
'or District Attorney,
A. J. THAYER.
'or Sea o Government,
or jSfoe Senator,
C. E. CIIRISMAN.
M. WILKINS, V. S. McCLURE,
A. A. II EMEN WAY.
For County Judge,
D. M. RISDON.
For County Clerk,
HARVEY SMALL. ;
For County Treasurer,
A. S. McCLURE.
For County Commissioners,
L. BUOY, JOHN SHARP.
NELSON LUC KEY.
For County Surveyor,
J. M. DICK.
G. L. ATKESON.
For School Superintendent,
J. 13. UNDERWOOD.
Fellow citizens of Oregon, the time is almost
at hand when we, in the enjoyment of the citizen's
highost right, will be callod upon to make a rec
ord of onr loyaltv or disloyalty to the Union and
the Constitution, which shall remain open to the
inspection of all in time to come. In exercising the
right of suffrage at tho coming election, we as
a free and independent people should do it with
the greater prido, inasmuch as we are not merely
voting for our political preference but we are
casting a vote which sustains the Government
or connives at its attempted overthrow. In the
support of the Union ticket we support the Uuion
sentiment and the Union itself on the other
hand the triumph of the socalled "Democratic"
ticket, as we are woll aware, would be the tri
umph of those in avowed and pledged sympa
thy with tho rebellion. Facts in proof of this
statement have been presented to you in previous
numbers of this paper and also in all the Uuion
papers of tho State. It is now generally known
throughout Oregon that men whom theCorvallis
" Democratio" convention selected to run for
State officers have ropeatodly expressed the
warmest sympathy for the rebels, and the most
sarcastic hatred of the noble men who are shed
ding their blood in defense of the Union. These
clfstyled " Democratio" candidates have, during
the present canvass, been repeatedly called upon
to say that they do not want the votes of men
who throw up their hats and " hurrah for Jeff
Davis and tho Southern Confederacy" and their
stereotyped answer, when they assay to make an
answer at all, is, that " We want the votes of
all true Democrats." By this equivocal answer
they leave the only improsion in honest minds
that their kind of u true Democrats" are of the
Jeff Davis stamp. At all events it is patent
that men of that stamp are highly pleased with
the course which Wait, Miller and the other
"Democratio" nominees and speakers have
taken, and it would be but rational to conclude
that In tho event they should by misrepresenta
tion and fraud carry any considerable portion of
this election, little Dolph would hurry back and
hasten to the headquarters of rebeldom to tell the
"glorious news," which would be received as
an encouragement from "my constituents" which
the erudite " goscf " used to boast to thorn about.
Bat happily for Oregon the burning disgrace of
voting the secession ticket is going to be narrow
ed down to tho suffrages of a contemptibly
small pack. It is true a very few persons who
are not secessionists at heart will be deceived
into its support, but they are those who cannot
read aud who are too indolent and careless to
post themselves up ou the issue aud who honest
ly think that if a man says he is a Democrat
that's enough, on this class of men argument has
no effect, they are governed entirely by their
prejudices and whatever intelligence does not
accord with their feelings they reject with spite
ful incredulity. They will vote the secession
ticket ignorantly supposing that they are voting
the " regular Democratio ticket." To our mind
there is uo disgrace so ignominious, no act at
which we would shudder with such indignant
horror compared with the act of enrolling our
name with traitors I gentlemen, pause and
reflect before you make the ineffaceable record
on this momentous question. Rememberyou vote
for or against your country then cast your
vote as you would have it remembered in ages
Among other items of news of great interest,
recently transmitted by telegraph, there is one
of great importance to the national prosperity
and welfare, of the Pacific States and of our own
Oregon. The Pacific Railroad bill has passed
the House of Representatives, by a large major
ity, and we daily hope to hear of the favorable
action of the Senate on the House bill. The bill
provides for the construction of the road by
companies chartered, and to be chartered by the
several States and Territories through which
it may pass, and gives to each State certain aid
by the issue of bonds for various amounts, ao
cording to locality and difficulty of construction;
larger amounts being given for those portions
lying between the Sierra Nevada and Rockey
Mountains; those elsewhere, in giving the right
of way through public lands, and large amounts
of the public domain. For the branch railroad
connecting Oregon with the main trunk some
where in the Sacramento valley, and contempla
ting a northern terminus at Portland, or vicinity,
bonds to the amount of $8,000 per mile, and to
bo issued whenever a company chartered by our
Legislature, and which camplies with other re
quirements of tho United States law, shall have
40 miles of road completed. The time in which
the road is to be built is limited to twelve years,
1874, and a limited time is also given after
companies are chartered in which to give notice
to the' Government Mint the privileges granted
are to be used. Citizens of Oregon, be alive to
the great work ; make yourselves familiar with
its benefits and tho great influence it will have in
developing tho resources of your State. A line
from Portland through the Willamette, Umpqua
and Rogue River valleys, thence via Shasta to
the Sacramento, will re-create the country an
impetus will be given to every kind of business ;
wealth far greater, more certain and more bene
ficial will flow into the country than the Salmon
river mines or Corriboo can give if the wildest
and most extravagant accounts of the gold there
should prove true.
The surveys of Abbot and Williamson, relia
ble Engineer officers of the United States Army,
have demonstrated the perfect feasibility of a
first class railway on the line indicated. We
have the material, the means and the men abun
dantly ablo, with the grant of Government in its
aid, to build such a road ; and it is believed that
we have men of capital and those W'ho can influ
ence capital from abroad, who will not let the
grass grow under their feet in organizing a com
pany and inducing our Legislature to pass such
a charter law as will enable them to commence
this movement at the earliest possible moment
Thb News. The late dispatches from the seat
of war have mostly been such as to gladden the
heart of every patriotic, Union loving citizen,
and to bring the ashy palor to the cheeks of
rebel sympathizers. The glorious news of the
eccupation of Yorktown by our forces, followed
up immediately by the possession of Norfolk
and Gosport Navy yards, accompanied by the
blowing up and utter destruction of the pride of
the rebel navy, is too much to hear in one week
without giving exhibitions of joy in some way if
it be only to throw up our hats and make the
welkins ring with cheers for the success of the
" There it tide in the affair of men.
Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune;
Omitted, all the toy age of their life
Is bound in shallow, and in miseries :
On such a full aea are we now afloat."
Car from David Logan.
Portland, May 16th, 18C2.
Ed. Times : In answer to a statement in the
Oregon Union, of the 12th instant, allow me to
say through your paper that it is not my in
tention to take part in the current canvass.
That at the June election 1 shall not vote any
part of the " Corvallis ticket," but will vote the
" Eugene ticket," with the exception of McBride.
XOUr.&C., AJAVID W)0H.
" Laboring for and desiring the success of the
secesh Democracy " is he 1 The foul traitor
who edits the Oregon u Union " makes no scru.
pie to utter the most base and unfounded false
hoods to encourage his little clan of followers on
in their hoptoss work of demoralizing Oregon.
Our littlo seoesh eotemporary, over by the
old saloon, has a wonderful peccant for quoting
from the New York Tribunt. We shouldn t be
surprised if he quotes a leader out of Garrison's
Wi learn that E. L. ApplegaU and probably j
other will speak in this place next Tuesday, 47th.
Fortress Monroe, May 0. A heavy battle
took place at West Point on Wednesday after
noon, May 7th, between Generals Sedgwick's
and Franklin's divisions, and the rebels under
Gen. Lee, w ho were endeavoring to make their
way to Richmond. It is said to have been the
severest battle on the Peninsula. The rebels
were totally defeated and driven on the Chick
ahorniny. The whole number of Federals killed
and wounded was 300. The rebels had 30,000
men engaged ; the Federals had 12.000.
Monterey, Tenn., May 9. A reconnoisance
to within a mile of the enemy's entrenchments
has fully established the fact that the rebels
there are in force, and furthermore, they intend
to fight inside their entrenchments. The weather
is good and the roads improving.
Washington, May 10. The House, yesterday
adopted a resolution tendering Gen. McCIellan
their thanks for the display of those high miltary
qualities which secure important results with but
little loss of human life. '
Cairo, May 10. Arrivals from Pittsburg
Landing, say that Gen. Grant in force attacked
the rebels on Wednesday, the 7th of May, a few
miles west of Corinth, and foiced their lines.
They consequently retreated, though in perfect
order. The result of the engagement was, that
the rebels surrendered the line of the Memphis
and Charleston railroad, taking a position on the
Mobile and Ohio railroad south of Corinth.
Troy. N. Y., May 11. A fire yesterday
destroyed between five and six hundred building's
and burned over fifty Cre8 of ground in the 2d.
da ana in. wards. Most ot the buildings con
sumed were private residences, and among the
Dest in the eity. 1 he loss approximates $3,000,
000. Insurance, $1,400,000. The bnsincss part
ot the city sunered comparatively little, sev.
eral lives were lost. Among them were Dr.
Carey, and Messrs. Ransom, Ilaight and Mer
The special dispatches to the New York papers
state that the Senate Uommittee on the if ucific
Railroad bill agreed, yesterday, to report the
House bill without amendments, and urge its
passage. The bill seems to generally accept
A bill to educate the black children in the
District of Columbia and to abolish the black
code, has passed the Senate by a vote of 28 to 7.
Mr. Adams, U. S. Minister at the Court of
St. James, has made a demand upon the English
Government for a return of all British ships
which have eluded the blockade.
Twelve thousand rebel troops were leaving
Little Hock Ark., on the 8th to reinforce Gen
Beauregard at Corinth.
Cairo, May 11. The desperation of the rebel
cause culminated in the attack ot our flotilla by
the rebel fleet from Fort Wright. At six o'clock
Saturday morning, the rebel ram Louisiana
rounded the point, accompanied by four gunboats
and immediately opened fire on the gunboat
uiucinnatti, -which was stationed in advance.
The rebel boats were held in check by the vig.
orous Cincinnati alone until the Federal fleet
came to her assistance. Meantime tho rebel
ram, finding her gun ineffectual against the armor
of the Cincinnati, approached with the evident
intention to run her down. Captain otemple,
commanding the latter, prepared to meet the
assault by putting his steam batteries in readiness
for use. As the ram approachnd within close
range, the Cincinnati turned her head abont,
causing the ram to run alongside, when Giptain
Stemple drew a pistol and shot the pilot through
the bead. At this time the contest was intensely
exciting; the crews of each boat, armed with
cutlasses carbines and boarding pikes, discharg
ing volley after volley in quick succession. Just
then the steam battery of the Cincinnati opened
with terrible effect, throwing a volume of steam
and scalding water among the rebel crew, placing
all who appeared on deck, hors da combat, in
stantly causing the craft to withdraw hastily.
Meanwhile the rebel fleet had been reinforced by
thirty other vessels, among thorn the new iron
clad MaHory, lately built at Memphis. These
three immediately engaged the Cincinnati, She
withstood the attack nobly, the shot of the ene
my glancing from her iron plating without caus
ing the slightest damago, while her own guns
were pouring shot and shells into the enemy
with fearful effect. During the engagement the
Mallory approached the Cincinnati with the
design of accomplishing what the ram failed to
do. As she came in close proximity the Feder
al gunboat St. Louis bore down on her with a
full head of steam and struck her amidships,
cutting her nearly in two, causing her to sink in
a few minutes. While this work was in vros
ress the other boats of our fleet engaged the
remainder of the rebel fleet, and a most terrific
battle raged. Report followed report in a con
tinuous roar. A dense volume of smoke cover
ed the broad river for a time and completely
enveloped both fleets from view. It was at this
time that a report louder than usual attracted
general attention. When the smoke lifted a
little it was found that one of the enemy's boats
was blown to atoms. Scarcely had th excite
ment ceased when another report was heard, and
another rebel boat and her crew disappeared.
Both vessels were blown up by the explosion of
shells in their magazines. Under cover of the
dense smoke the remainder of tho rebel fleet re
tired at twenty minutes after seven, the fight
lasting but little over an hour. The loss of life
on either side was not yet ascertained.
Some skirmishing near Pittsburg Landing oc
curred on Saturday.
On Friday (the 0th) a superior force of the
enemy attacked General Paine's division on the
left wing, and an engagement, lasting an hour,
ensued, when the rebels having been reinforced,
Gen. Paine retired to Farmington. Our loss is
stated to have been 153 killed, wounded and
The attacking force was said to be 35,000
strong, with thirty pieces of artillery under Gen.
Bragg, Vandorn, Hardee and Price, their object
being to overwhelm the left wing and drive it
into the river. Their loss in men and officers
was very heavy.
Chicago, May 12. Norfolk, Portsmouth and
the Navy Yard are ours. The Merrimao was
blown np by the rebels, before the surrender, the
naval engagement lasting an hour and a half.
Fifty-two Guns were found at Craney
The dock aud works on the Iknd ware de
stroyed bv the rebels afW evacuation.
The iron clad steam battery Merrimao was
blown up by the rebels, at 5 o'clock on the morn
ing of the 11th (Sunday.) The Monitor and the
Naugatuck, with the fleet of gunboats, have gone
to the Norfolk Navy Yard.
New Kent, Va., May 12. Eleven thousand
bushels of grain were seized l-t night by Fede
ral cavalry, at White Horse on Pamunky river,
25 miles from Richmond. The enemy is at
Lamiis, 5 miles from White Horse.
Cairo, May 13. By steamer Meteor, from
Pittsburg, Sunday, it has been ascertained that
Gen. Lovel from New Orleans has arrived at
Corinth with 35,000 troops.
New York, May 13. The mot destructive
fire which has ever visited Long Island has been
raging for the last four days, destroying large
amounts of property. The fire broke out near
Stony Brook Friday last and has swept over an
area of 6,000 square acres principally in the town
of Brook Haveu.
- Cairo, May 13. In the naval engagement,
Saturday, the gunboat Cincinnati was more seri
ously damaged than was at first reported. Find,
ing herself in s sinking condition she was run
into shoal water. At the last arrival from the
fleet, it was said she had four feet of water on her
gun deck. A wrecking derrick has gone to
raise her, and it is expected she will be afloat to
day. The gunboat Mound City was struck by tho
rebel ram, and run it0 shoal water and settled,
lie? tioltom has been pumped out and she arri
ved here to-day.
During the heat of the engagement one of the
rebel boats got hold of one of the bomb vessels,
but after a short engagement the gunboat Benton
compelled her to releaso her prize. On the Cin
cinnati one was killed and three wounded, one
of the latter was Captain Stempel, who was shot
in the neck, but not dangerous.
Chicago, May 13. Gen. Butler has issued a
proclamation declaring martial law in New Or
leans, suppressing the collection of taxes, except
such as have been imposed by laws of the United
The circulation of Confederate bonds as evi
dence of debts is strictly forbidden in conse
quence of the great distress which would ensue
among the poorer classes. Circulation of Con
federate bank notes was suppressed. Such cir
culation is permitted as long as any one may be
Hicuiisiueruie enougu to receive mem until lur
Paducah, Ky, May 13. An expedition of two
thousand cavalry lett yesterday to act in conjunc
tion with a force sent from Hickman in pursuit
of the rebel cavalry which had been committing
depredations in Westeru Kentucky and Tennes
Chicago, May 13. Dispatches from the
Mountain Department of Gen. Fremont's head
quarters at Harrisburg, Va., says that Gen. Cox
has had three sharp engagements with the enemy,
driving them entirely out of Green Briar. Mer
cer and Giles counties are now almost entirely
tree of guerrillas tor 40 miles on each side of the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
Mobile, May 8. The advance of commodore
Porter's mortar fleet, consisting of seven vessels.
is off Fort Morgan. Ten more is off Heron's
Island, northwest ot Fort Gaines, moving cast
ward. This will bring them right into Mobile
bay. They fire occasionally, apparently feeling
for masked batteries.
Washington, May 12. The resolution of the
Confiscation Committee to consider the expedi
ency of providing that our soldier be entitled to
bounty land out of tho real estate of the rebels
was laid over.
In the House, the bill prohibiting slavery
henceforth and forever in all Territories now ex
isting, or hereafter formed, passed 85 to 50.
New York, May 12. The Etna has arrived
from Qneenstown with dates to May 1.
lhe fans correspondent of the London Herald
writes that a strong feeling is growing; here in
favor of intervention in America. The iinpres
sion is so powerful as to cause uneasiness among
the Northern party in Paris. It is believed that
serious overtures have been made by the French
Cabinet to Pulmerston, with a view of joint ac
tion to put nn end to the war, which according
to official information received is as far from
terminating as ever. The Daily News' corres
pondent gives a similar rumor, derived from
both r rench and American sources, and savs tho
two Govrnments are giving serious consideration
to the question of intervention. The Times
claims that England has observed a most self
denying course, and concludes by asserting the
real question rests enterely on whether the heart
of the South is set on separation.
The following dispatch was received in San
JJrancisco, May 6th :
Chicago, May 15. It is rumored in Baltimore
that Richmond is occupied by the Federals, and
that the evacuation commenced last Tuesday.
The archives have been taken South.
No further eastern dates owing to atmospherio
disturbance of the wire on the plains.
Collections or Eoos. As this is the time in
the year when birds lay their eggs, I desire to
call the attention of young persons to the subject,
especially those 1' ving on farms. In making col
lections for a cabinet it is necessary to identify
the species, which can only be done by a view of
the bird, or of some prominent part, making it
necessary to secure the bird, or at least the head
and wing, which may be done by shooting or
snaring it ; and in all cases the nest should be
preserved entire, containing the eggs, which
should be wrapped in some soft material, as
wool, cotton or rags, to prevent breaking. The
locality and position of the nest should be noted,
and the time of obtaining it. Nests should be
preserved even where the parent bird cannot be
obtained. I would prefer that those who live In
the vicinity of this place would give me inform
ation concerning nests before removing them.
It would be well for those who live at a distance
and cannot send the nests in soon after obtaining
them, to make a ccuple of small holes in the
sides or ends of the egg with a sharp pointed
knife or needle and carefully blow out the con
tents, being cautious to make the holes where
there is the least marking. The nests may be
brought to me at the offioe of this paper, or left
at the Drug Store. IIefrv Ct mmix.
The principal song now sung in New Orleans
is said to be " Picayune Butler has coma to
town." ' '
We hear that a paper, entitled the Sunday
Mercury, is established at San Francisco.
Gov. Stanford denies being oppesed to the
united action of Union men in California.
. The coaches of the California Stage Company
are now arriving at this place from the south in
the evening, from the north iu the morning, tfiey
connect and pass on immediately, genemlly
bearing tidings of great joy to all (patrioticpeo1
The Willamette is falling at Portland.
Lient. Mullen wa not recalled, It was oiiy
his escort. t
Pate will be hung In Albany next Tuesday.
His confession will be issued the same day in
Judge Hardy was declare guilty of disloyal
ty by a tw o to one vote of the California LegH
lature. and consequently removed from offia-
Other charges against him were dismissed.
It is reported that arrangements are'
made to bring goods from St. Louis up taw Ml-
souri river to the northern mines.
The Times gives a synopsis of the speech
the opposing candidates for Governor, delivsjd
at Portland the 17th. Such speeches tell fawa
bly for the Union cause. J
Portland Flaindtaler, is the title of a Vipn
campaign daily, just issued at Portland. A.C.
Mr. Lslaxd writes to the Times, from he
Salmon mines May 10, as tollows :
1 have been about in all the districts since
arrival, and sought to ascertain the solutioiof
this question. I am prepared to say, that nipy
opinion there is no discount upon the riclinei of
last fall. Some of the claims yield as higl as
100 ounces per day to the rocker, and wlere
sluices have been employed the yields havefeen
very great in a short time. Most of the slices
used thus far, have been used fur washings the
tailings which were thrown out from the rojters
last fall. The Wiser claim has used sluices(one
set) for about four days pa-t, upon the tatfngs,
and the yield has been upwards of $500 peiday.
The yield in the claims now worked, is ttm an
ounce up to the highest figure named above.
Occasionally a new claim is found wlich pay
well, but prospecting for new claims is ixtremely
difficult now, owing to the depth and softness of
the snow. Men cannot get about eatily, and
when they can go, they are unable to judge well
of the nature of the ground beneath tlit snow.
On some creeks and some portions of Summit
Flat they now have too much water, and con
sequently mining for tho present in some ease
About 5,000 men aro now in t!u aUoycju4.
moro coming every day. Somo are leaving in
disgust. Many are prospecting tinder the- pres
ent, difficulties. Several parties are on tho Scrolls
side of Salmon, and two or three parties have
gono up Salmon about 150 miles. Great ex
pectations are indulged in relation to these par
tics. If anything of importance is brought to
light 1 will bo early posted ond give tho result.
Labor now commands one ounce per day.
Flour sells CO cents per pound ; bacon, $1 50;
butter, 82 50; dried fruit, $1 50; onions, 1 50";
potatoes, 80 cents; sugar, $1 50, ond other en,
ablcs in proportion. Gum boots, 25 per pair;
shovels and apades, 9 and $10 ; rocker irons,
18. These prices are a great reduction from
those of one mouth ago. So soon as pack ani
mals can get here prices will fall suddenly, and
to a comparatively low figure.
Most of the men wno wintered here, suffered
more or less, and as spring: opens they complain
ot weakness in the Yunbi and joints, and doubt
less many will never become rid of tho injury
their system have sustained, here by. their ex
posure and manner, of living.
This is to certify that I am intimately acauaih
ted with It. B. Cochran, and have heared him,
give expression to the following sentiments :
Endorsing the speech of Jo Lane in the United
States Senate, in reply to Andy Johnson, and.
the sentiments contained therein, together with,
the speeches of prominent Southern leaders upon.
me same sudjcci. i nave never heard him say.
one word in justification of the Government in
its course in putting down the rebellion, but on
the contrary, have heard him speak in derogation,
of the Government and in favor of the rebels,.
I further certify that in a conversation between
Cochran and G. D. Coffin, Mr. Cochran used the
following language i " The great battle that has
been pending at Bull Run has come off, and they
have cleaned them out to the bed rock." (Allu
ding to the success ot tho rebels.) His whole
tone, demeanor and bearing was that of exultation,
and joy at the result. I have also heard him ex
press great sympathy for those in arms in the
South against the Government, calling them hit
people, hi brelltren. G. R. WARD.
Lisa Cocktt Usios Cakdidatks. State Sen,
ators, Bartlet Curl and D. W. Ballard ; Repre'
scntatives, Asa McCulIough, Capt. John Smith,.
Wm. McCoy, Horace M. Brown ; County Judge
J. C, Powell ; Sheriff, Timothy A. Riggs ; ClerkK
James Elkins; Treasurer, Elias L. Walters;
Commissioners, O. W. Richardson, Joseph Ham
ilton ; Surveyor, C. W. Clingman ; School Super
intendert, Hugh N. George ; Coroner, J. Smith.,
The veritable learned pig hombre" is now
driving the quill for the Register, and that paper
is, to all intents, practically a resurrection of the
Southern Oregon Gazelle.
The Mountaineer says that the great mass of
the Democracy are disgusted with the nomina
tion of Dennis O'Meara's shadow, and as a con
sequence they will almost uniformly vote for A.
G. Walling, the only practical printer in the
Ma. Sraoso is vigorously at work on the
telegraph line. The poles are going up at tho
rate of about a mile per day.