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About The state Republican. (Eugene City, Or.) 1862-1863 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 25, 1862)
THE STATE" REPUBLICAN
DEVOTED TO THE POLITICAL AND GENERAL INTERESTS OP THE PEOPLE,
THE STATE REPUBLICAN.
Published every Saturday by
II. SHAW & CO.
Term of Subscription. .
Tlie Republic will be published at i 50 a year in ad
vanee; $3 00 if paid at the end of ail months; or 1 iiO
at the close of the year. One dollar additional will be
charged for each year payment is neglected.
5-" No papers discontinued until all arrearages are
paid, except at our opiluu.
Rates of Advertising.
On. square (ten lines or less) one month, $3 00
Each additional insertion, ..... 50
Business Curds, one square or less, one year, - 12 00
" " " six months, 8 00
Four squares and upwards, one year, per square, 10 00
" six months, per square, 7 OO
" three montln, " 5 00
Administrator' i Notices, and all advertisements re
lating to estates of deceased persons, which
bare to be sworn to, one square, four insertions, S 00
All communications to this office should be addressed to
II. SIIAW Co., Eugcue City, Oregon.
To AorsBTTSsm. Business men throughout Oregon and
California will Hud it greatly to their advantage to adver
tise in th State Kbpi'bi.icam.
" COME RUSH TO THE RESCUE !"
. IT DAVID PAUL BROWNE.
Com. rush to the rescue 1 the Union's in danger I
The rebels and traitors are thirsting for blood I
The home of our youth is the spoil of the stranger.
And carnage exults where our altars once stood.
Then rush to the rescue I arouse from your slumbers !
The shades of your fathers appeal to your aid ;
Let the tvoitors advance with their rash levied numbers,
True patriots and freemen are never dismayed.
The foe is before us. March onward to greet them,
Let them boast as they may, they but dig their own
The brave and the just are still eager to meet them,
And teach them the ditterence 'twixt freemen and
Let them scourge their poor bondsmen and talk of their
Inhuman, remorseless, conceited and vain I
When they grapple with heroes, they'll soon learn the
That themselves are the objects of scorn and disdain 1
Come on, then, your tattered palmetto displaying,
Your golden pretensions will soon change to brass;
We know that your roaring is nothing but braying;
Tlmt Ihe.kiu of the lion disguises the ass.
What then should we fear Oh, we fear the disgrace,
The vile blot on the page of Hepublican story.
Which our tears and our prayers can never efface,
Which forever shull tarnish our national glory.
You talk of oppression I why, who is oppressed ?
What hand ever smote you, what foot ever spurned f
You've been courted and flattered, and fostered, uud
In requi'al of all 'gainst your country you're turned.
You have palsied the arm often raised to defend you,
Invaded the Union you've sworn to miiutain;
You've outraged the laws that were made to befriend
And wounded the bosom that yearned to sustain.
What then are the evils that move your displeasure?
What plea can you urge fur this fratricide strife 1
Have we oaptured your forts, have wa squandered your
Have we plotted your death, or embittered your lifef
Oh I search your dark thoughts I and you'll hud that the
Of hatred, revenge, low ambition and pride,
Impel you to sacritice all you inherit
All your brave sires lived for, and lor which they died!
Opinion of ths Mason and Slidkll Cask.
Edwin James, the eminent English barrister.
who recently took up his residence in this coun
try, has written a letter to the newspapers, giving
his opinion on the Mason and Slidell capture,
lie thinks the whole case in the English Cabinet
will hinge on these two questions -first, whether
the Captain of the Trent was acquainted with the
terms of Her Majesty's proclamation ; and,
secondly, whether ho was aware of the charac
ter of his two passengers, Mason and Slidell.
Should these two questions be answered in the
affirmative, the case, in the opinion of Mr. James
would be reduced to very narrow dimensions.
With all due deference to the acknowledged le
gal ability of Mr. James, I will here venture the
assertion that the answers, whether affirmatively
or negatively, of the captain of the Trent to
either or both of these questions, would not
alter the talu of the case one iota, in its aspect
as an international question. " Ignorance of the
law excuseth no man," is an English legal maxim
almost as old as the law itself; and hence a plea
on the part of the captain of the Trent of igno
rance of the English law would not shield him
from the legal consequences of his infraction of
that law ; nor, on the other hand, would his ig
norance of the character of the rebel ambassa
dors whom he was harboring deprive Captain
Wilkes of his right under international law to
seize them upon the decks of the Trent, notwith
standing they were nominally under protection
of a neutral flag.
Trouble Among thb Rebel Leaders. It is
now definitely ascertained in military circles at
Washington that Beauregard recently tendered
his resignation as a General of the Confederate
army, in consequence of his difference with Jeff
Davis as to the conduct of the war. Violent
parties have sprung up among the Confederates
on this question, Beauregard representing the
offensive war barty, who believe in invading the
North and wintering at Baltimore, Philadelphia
and New York, and Jeff Davis representing the
defensive war party, who trust to time and the
patient defense of their own soil to give them in
dependence. The Beauregard party complain
that the policy of Davis has led to the invasion
of South Carolina, and will fill the cotton States
with the horrors of war, and end in their des
truction, and it is believed that Davis has suc
cumbed to the war policy to prevent South Car
olina and Georgia from seceding from the Con
federate States. Gen. Beauregard was induced
to withdraw his resignation, and no doubt on the
assurance that a change would be made, and that
he might have the privilege of attacking the
Union armies on the Potomac. Gen. McClellan
would not be surprised at being offered battle
Boston asd Philadelphia. The real estate
of Boston it valued at $167,000,000 ; cf Phila
delphia $150,000,000. Difference in furor of
EUGENE CITY, OREGON, JANUARY 25, 1862.
Tub Retort Courteous. While Floyd, the
gun-thief, was Secretary of War, he stole three
thousand United States muskets, and sent them
South for his friends and fellow conspirators.
Also he stole for their benefit a number of great
guns, but found himself unable to carry off all
these dangerous arms. There remained in Nor
thern navy yards a number of large Dahlgreen
guns, which could not be secured for the use of
South Carolina. I ho gun thief s object was not
only to arm the conspirators, but to disarm the
nation ; and, accordingly, what he could not car
ry off he tried to destroy. He caused a sham
survey to be held on the Dahlgreens, and they
were in due time condemned and sold for old
iron. Our readers, probably remember how
some of these guns . were recovered when the
rebellion broke out. A correspondent informs
us that they are now on board one of the vessels
which recently boarded the Port Royal forts,
and had their revenge upon the men who con
demned them for old iron by firing the largest
kind of shells, with five-second fuses, to drive
the rebels out of their fortifications. Post.
What the Government has done in Six
Months. A bird's eye view of the amount of
labor done by the United States Government in
the past six months is given below, iu an ai tide
from the N. Y. Port. No nation under heaven
ever did or could accomplish so much, in so shont
a space of time, as this nation has done. The
Post says : i
Let us review the months that have passed
since the day of Sumter, and see what we have
done. Six months ago we had not seven hundred
soldiers within the reach of a defenseless capital.
To-day we have probably two hundred thousand
armed men on the line of the Potomac, and an
other hundred thousand in the West. Six months
ago we had not the arms to put in the hands of
seventy-five thousand volunteers ; to-day we
have muskets, cannon, every supply in abundance
for four times the number. Six months ago we
could neither feed nor move an army of 5,000
men ; to-day every department of our vast mil
itary organization is complete, and wo can make
war across tho continent. Six months ago we
had not a dozen ships of war at hand ; to-day we
number our navy by the hundred, and are guard
ing a coast line of more than two thousand miles.
Six months ago the Government could scarce
ly borrow a few hundred thousands at twelvo per
cent. ; to day twenty millions of people lend it
one hundred and fitly millions of dollars at par.
Six months ngo tho qnestion was whether the
people would support the Government ; to-day
tho only question is whether tho Government
will support the people.
Discontent at Home. All tho news that
reaches us from the rebel States but adds proof
upon proof of tho wide discontent prevailing
there, not only in the army, among its generals,
in tho Cabinet of tho Confederates, but among
tho people. Letters never meant for .the public
eye, but which have met it by chance, attest the
development of a growing discontent against the
rebel Government among tho two classes of the
South, tho planters and- tho poor whites. The
former are becoming restive because they are
prevented by tho Government from forwarding
their cotton to the railroads and seaports, while
the Oovernment would not itself buy tho cotton,
as it had proposed to do, as a part of tho great
financial scheme of the rebellion, from which so
much was expected and so little realized. The
poor classes are alarmed at the indications oX sub
version of Republican institutions, evinced by
the snggestions of Governor Pickens and tho re
port of tho Virginia Convention circumscribing
the right of suffrage. The belief is gaining ground
that the real purpose of the rebel leaders is to
establish a monarchal form of government. This
teeling is strengthened by the similar movements
in Alabama and Louisiana restricting the right
of suffrage. And in addition to this, the planters
and people generally, are trembling for fear the
negroes shall rise and massacre them. Sac. Bee.
Falsiftino the "Sham." Encouraged by the
war, one Sergeant J. W. Ambler has been teach
ing broadsword and bayonet exercise to the
young men of Biddeford, Maine, and on a recent
evening gave a public exhibition, at which it was
announced there would be a " sham fight " be
tween the Federals and tho rebels, the latter to
fall at the proper moment. But tho " rebels"
had determined not to die so easy, and instead
thereof to drive the " Union men " from the stage
and they had nearly done it when the gallant
Sergeant grasped his trusty swosd and the work
became no joke. Ho slashed right and left, re
gardless of heads or points, and turned the scale
of battle. As a result there were seven men who
needed surgical attendance. The audience were
too much interested to have " our side " win to
scruple about bruises; indeed, intense excitement
prevailed and the audience were all on their feet,
cheering the Sergeant on. One man has been in
bed ever since, and the Sergeant was not able to
drill for several days. Eastern Paper.
Telegrafhixq to India. The Malta and Alex
andria submarine telegraph was successfully
opened on November 1st. During that day
twenty-five messages of twenty words each were
transmitted, at the rate of five minutes per mes
sage. The length of the line is fourteen hundred
The American Armt. It has been officially
announced that the Government has now in the
field, in camp nd in process of formation, 600,
000 volunteers, and the enlistments for the regu
lar service are more numerous than heretofore.
On the strength of the repeal of the stamp
duties a new daily paper is to be started in Lon
don, as the organ of conservatism. It is to be
called the Xtoy, and to be issued in the afternron.
Tuu fills the column.
REMAINS OF COL. BAKER.
Tho following is the correspondence in relation
to the remains of Col. Baker :
San Francisco, Dec. 7th, 1861."
Mrs. Col. E. D. Baker Bear Madam :
On behalf of the citizens of Oregon, we came
to request of you tho privilege to take tho re
mains of your lamented husband, Oregon's late
and noble Senator, to his adopted State for inter
ment. It appears peculiarly appropriate that he
should be interred at tho svnuf government
his late residence there where his pre eminent
abilities secured for himself tho distinguished
position which he held, the highest in the gift of
our people, lie shed a bright lustre over our
young State, and maintained its honor with his
life. Not only are a family and friends bowed
in sorrow, but a nation is stricken with the deep
Our people await his coining to pay the last
tribute of respect to the illustrious dead, due from
a grateful people. Most sincerely do we hope
that you will grant our request. We await your
With heart felt sympathy, we remain, as ever,
your devoted friends,
W. II. Rector,
II. W. CoitllETT,
S. E. Morton, for V Com.
J. R. Mookes. )
San Francisco, Dec. 15th, 18G1.
Gentlemen : 1 have the honor to acknowl
edge the receipt of your communication of the
7th inst., in which you so earnestly solicit on
behalf of the State of Oregon, my consent that
the remains ot my lamented husband may be
transferred to tho capital ot that State the home
of his adoption for interment.
I have no words to express the gratitude
which I feel towards the people of Oregon for the
kind regard in which they hold his memory, -It
is in keeping with tho wide confidence which
they reposed in him while living; it is a contin
uation of tho high honor they conferred on him
when they made him their Senator.
I feel, in tho midst of the aflliction that has
befallen myself and family, the great forco and
justice you urge in fovor of the removal of tho
remains to Oregon. 1 feel -this moro keenly,
haviug so fresh a remembrance of his own ex
pressions of high regard for, and fervent gratitude
to tho peoplo who had enabled him to attain his
highest ambition. At the same time I cannot be
unmindful oHho kindness and honor which tho
people of California have bestowed upon his
memory, who for so many years was a citizen
I am only desirous of pursuing such a course
as will do justice to the peoplo of both States,
and at onco express tho deep gratitude entertain
ed by my children and myself toward them all.
It would bo a source of unspeakable regret were
I to do otherwise.
I am waiting with anxiety to hear from those
near friends in the east to whom, it is reported,
ho confided his wishes whether ho anticipated
tho result which has befallen, and before going
to tho field of battle, expressed to them any de
sire, in such an event, in regard to his final rest
ing place a desire which, should it have been
known, I should consider as my sacred duty to
suo fulfilled. This fact, together with private
considerations, referring more distinctly to the
sorrow and grief with which my children and my
self are overshadowed, demand that I should de
fer giving a definite answer to your valued letter
t.ntil a certain interval shall have elapsed.
I must, therefore, trespass upon your kindnes
so far as to ask that I may have further time for
a consideration of your request, assuring you that
1 shall endeavor hereafter to be guided by a lull
and appreci-itive sense of what is duo to the
peoplo of the State of Oregon, who have always
manifested so much kindness to my family, and
still evinco so much respect to the memory of
Very respectfully and truly yours,
Mary A. Baker.
To Messrs. II. W. Corbctt, W. II. Rector,
and S. E. Morton, Committee for tho State of
J I. II ITT .MISSOURI.
Jim Lane made a speech to the '2-tlh Indiana
Regiment at Springfield, Missouri, Nov. 7th, in
which he took the same ground lately taken by
John Cochrane, late Democrotic member of
Congress from New York. We give a portion
of Lane's speech :
Gentlemen, I shall not conceal the fact that iu
some respects I differ from my compeers in
command as to the manner of conducting the
war and the means best calculated to bring this
wretched conflict to a speedy, durable and honor
ableclose. Tho point of difference refers, of course,
to slavery the cause of all difference the Pan
dora's box from which have issued all our nation
al troubles. My creed is, let slavery and slaves
take cate of themselves. Cheers It slavery
can survive the shock of war, let it live ; but if,
between the upper and nether millstones, it is
ground to powder, it is not for me to gather up
the dust. Applause. I do not propose to
make war upon slavery, but upon rebels ; and in
the meantime let slaves and slavery take care
of themselves. An oligarchy more cruel and
prescriptive than ever before scourged and cursed
a nation, ancient or modern, has inaugurated'
this war has inaugurated it for slavery ; and if
we are required to protect, defend or in any way
help slavery, then we are required to co-opeiate
with the enemy, to protect and defend him.
Can we form an alliance with this barbarous foe,
and at the same lime conquer and crush them t
When lesser contradictions are reconciled we
will think of harmonizing this.
War is at best a terrible calamity. In all the
country through which we have marched, the
mails are stopped, schools are discontinued,
churches are turned into hospitals, and general
demoralization prevails. Protract this war,
desolation, moral and material, will mark the
track of armies. Justice, humanity and mercy
require that tho conflict be ended as speedily ' as
Astonishing as it may seem to you, soldiers
of Indiana, yet it is a fact repeatedly demonstra
ted that a heavier blow is dealt out to tho realm
of Socessia in tho abducting or freeing of a slave
than in tho killing of a son in arms. Abduct
from the same family a slave and kill a son in
arms, and the loss of tho slave will bo. regarded
as the greater calamity the wound for which
there is no healing balm. I could bring forward
more than a thousand witnesses whoso observa
tion and experience havo taught them this tact,
If, then, by allowing tho slave to fall into the
wake of tho army, and find the priceless boon of
liberty, we avoid bloodshed and strike dcathdcal-
ing blows upon the front of the rebellion, does
not every consideration of justice require this
policy should bo adopted 1
Gentlemen, my logic teaches me that we can
not defend and mako war on the same persons
at the same time. If it is the purpose of tho
Government to crush the rebels and to keep their
slaves Iron i stampeding, two armies should be
sent into the field. The advance force might be
called tho treason-crushing army, and should be
armed with offensive weapons. Ihe other should
move about ten miles in tho rear and be called
tho slavery-restoring army ; it should be clad in
a defensive armor of triolo steel, for such is the
meanness of spirit which is bread in the hearts of
men by slave-breeding, slave-holding, slave-trad
ing, the masters would creep into every place
of ambush and fire upon the men who were
gathering up and returning the fugitive proporty.
It would be illegitimate for tho slavery-restoring
army to return tho fire the shot might pierce
tho heart of some of tho pets and darlings for
whom they wero generously acting. Therefore,
give them the defensive armor, but no offensive
weapoits. Such an arrangement, novel as it may
seem, must bo had if slavery is to be preserved
in tho rear of an army which moves with a force
sufficient to crush this hugo rebellion. In my
opinion, tho second army should bo as numerous
as the first. Preserving slavery will cost the
Government ten times as much as crushing the
rebellion. Voices " that's so."
As soon as tho South became convinced that
tho nationalization of slavery was impossible, It
cried, " Down with the Union let slavery lift
its crest in air !" And here 1 solemnly assever
ate that if Jim Lane is compelled to add a note
to such an infernal chorus, he breaks his sword
uud quits tho field. Long continued applause.
OREUON WAR BONDS.
The Secretary of the Treasury has issued
following circular :
Treasury Department, )
Sept. 24th, 1801. J
Gentlemen : Tho warrants issued in satisfac
tion of claims on account of Indian hostilities in
Washington and Oregon, under the act of March
'2d, will bo provided for in tho following man
ner : (
All claims under $50 and nil fractions less
tliau$0 in any' larger claim, to be paid in ash.
Sums of $50 and above, where thero is no
fraction less than that sum aro to bo paid by tho
issuo of stock.
For instance : a warrant issued on tho Treas
urer in favor of A. B. for $1,010. Ten dollars of
this warrant will bo paid in cash and tho balance,
$1,000, will be returned to tho Treasurer for
which ho will issuo a certificate ot deposit in favor
of A. B. on account of tho loan under the 4th
section of tho act of 2d March, 1801. This cer
tificate of deposit will bo delivered by the Treas
urer to tho Register of tho Treasury, who will
thereon issuo stock for the sum in favor of the
party named in such certificate of deposit.
It is decided that upon claims filed prior to tho
first day of July, interest on tho stock shall com
mence on that day. On those filed afterwards,
and prior to the first of January, interest shall
commence on the first of January next, and so
on. Tho time when interest commences will be
indicated upon tho warrants, and should be indi
cated in tho certificates of deposit, etc., so as to
obviato any investigation on that point in the
Upon receipt of the certificate of deposit, the
stock will be issued by the register, and the us
ual records be kept. The certificates of stock
will be delivered to such parties as will bo enti
tied to receive them, or sent by mail in tho
ordinary course where tho claimants so request.
I am very respectfully,
S. P. Chase,
Secretary of tho Treasury.
To the Treasurer of the United States and
Register of the Treasury.
" Dear me ! how fluidly ho does talk," said
Mm. Partington, recently, at a temperanco lec
ture. " I am rejoiced when he mounts the
nostril, for his eloquence warms me iu every
nerve and cartridge of my body."
A little fellow, four years old, nonplussed
his mother by making the following Inquiry :
u Mother, if a man is Mister, ain't a woman a
M Bors," said Uncle Amos, as he surveyed
the animal, u there is only one reason why this
mare should not travel one mile in three min
utes." The boys all crowded around to hear the
"reason," and one asked him what it was.
"Why, said ho " the distance is too great for
so short a time."
Ex-Governor, now Colonel Barstow, of Wis
consin, speaking of his raising a regiment of
cavalry, says : "At the adjournment of the dem
ocratic national convention, in Charleston, several
gentlemen invited me to come again I promised
that I would, and 1 am going as soon as my reg
imer.t is ready to march.
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Corner Sacramento and Montgomery streets,
llf San Francisco.
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ATTORXET and Counselor, V. 8. Suprem. Court and
other court. Ollic. at Kugen. City, Lane county,
Orrgow. Also, CommissoD.r of Deeds for New York, Cos
aeeucat, els. Jail