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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View This Issue
Kirn, you are tlio real million of tin mis- eiijovcd, end (lit endless blt-uJugs she has
chief. You have olM)ntd ami Inflamed ; n-coived. Sin ha had uodituibuct-s;
tha mind ol tlio Southern oplo auaintt she reu with coiifiJemu on the iowi-r of
tbeir brethren of (ho North by your f.Ue ' Ilia Constitution, and if any wrong hapnj
mid nliked inUrepreecutalioii. In ny the know that Congm will runedy It
solemn judgment without amending the CW ' filie i-ik no remedy from Conventions.
ttitalion, wilhuul the jiaumjeuf a lute, and Bit see no nccenaity for revolution.
leiilmulany chuwe in Iht law, if Southern Mr. Kunktl l'o not sjteak for Mary
irnlltmen troulJ remnet Ihone ereoneont i land; stit-ak for yourn-lf.
impreaiont trhieh they hurt fxed an Iht Wr. i I rreul ll't Fourth Con
mindt of their pruple, Ihit tlnte of thmgt prcuioiiul di.lrlct of Maryland, and I shell
would he imuirt iulr u rhuuenl. II I hiv eiM-uk aunt I know 10 lie uw ii-ciiiies
would l'o homo ami till their m oi.lo what ! of lh ini.le. If any one contradict my
tliry Imd heord from tint triiih-imiii from ' m rllon 1 will uwl liiiu, and from the
Mmuili'liutelM, Mr. MMii,) aim UMJ 1 Allcguaniri 10 ov. miij a iii mo
gciitlmiiiiii from Ohio, (Mr. Corwin.) and ; Mine in every county. Iih.lro to any
U ll them tlmt tin ro cxMcd no purjMne, di- llmt In Maryland do not rteognhe Iht
rectly or Indirectly, lo ill.turli in any man-1 rjhl of treenion; we do not recognize
tier the cxbteiM of slavery In I ho S tuti-a, 1 tho right to make revolution; o do not
and the only (pn-Mion in whether they ! recognize lh right of Maryland to r nl
khall l'o in Hit inirul.lc and aorthli-M Tcr- 1 at In r own will Iht tuprtme lout of .Iht
rilorrof New Mexico or not; if liny go land. And if any Convention khouhl lm
I I . II .I.- t.. !... I fli..M ' 4...II...I iu..l.. IiIihUmu iillmllif m
Vfcl rrt f oar. War
Debt I la M
by tho coiumUlonrn. So far e the tx
K-mliiiin. miriKirti-J til liava been roadt
lC.ltmm.Ji , .-
Th. rle .Mowed kr tk. ll.ird Auditor W1 mrt had, or con-
...... . .. ..1 .. ii . .. r . .1 ...
lioma ami tell tlio iMfOjiiu mai, 1 uy uiero cuneo, unuir wuaitver auinoruy, unui
w hatvver auiieri, ana tnry kiiaii pre.
aiiiuo lo Inaugurate a revolution, Marylnii'l
I COT, Will mrrl Trrululum Villi Tfti'ltmtt
will In ijiilet thrnuhoiit tlio whole Smith
In a iihort lime alter uniking imu uii ra
tion. Hut (here in no lioiie of m ready
uud liromiil a klop heins put to tho iliitur- on htr oien toil, ami that loo undrr the Id
lianeen in the country, and therefore it U . of Iht tlitri and tlriott. And if niadiicoa
that a committee of the IIouho han heen -, ohould no fur rule the hour that the loyal
Kinted lo dcvine iiieatu or removing the . men klmll Dud IheiiiM ivei in the minority
difficulty; to nmore hkewiw any Krievanee
which umy c-xiat, no an lo give icuce and
turiirily to the Southern people.
Tho flrt complaint Main lo Kroiiil
lilwrty law. Iloth Mirtioui of llmt com
mittee rooM) rvcomuieiidutioiui for their
Tha next In the delivery of fugitive from
aorvice. The minority of the C'cininittee
projiou lo aubmit an niiieiidmcut to the
Constitution reiiiirin that w lieu a fuxiiivo
in reteucd by violence he United State
bIiaII liny the valuo of tho fugitive, and
thalnited SUilcn khall liaro the prinho
ofkuiuthe county or dinlritt where the
roM-uc wu made. To carry out thi view
would he only lo jxritluiitr ami nJ lo te
urn Iht ilixi'try eonlrofenif. The only cfl.tt
of thin nieasurc, adopted In nil amendment
to tlio loiiKtitulioii, Ik lo iniiKu nt inn nail
every year tho tern of exciting ami exat
jieratiitg ttrift from iht trrf tuhjerl it pro
jiuMt lo rtmrily. It crentek another dif
ficulty which the Constitution wan most
careful to ovoid tho right of action
a(iiiiit a county or imlividuiibi who could
bo coinielled bv no prous of jurisdiction
known to tho iuwh. In other word, (he
nmeiidiuciit proHMed by tho iiiiuorily wus
lo brin tho Uoveriiiueiit into icrictiiul
diKcuiKiuii of the liluvvry quenliou nil over
the country. Tlio bill proposed by the ma
jority in different in purport and policy.
Jtaxkfttliut tlio law lo return fugitive
alovck should be so tuodilied us not to tfivu
ocensimi lo the nccrliily of feeling in tho
iiiIiuIk of tho pcoplo of tho free States
which it lias hitherto caused. And wheu
we shall not allow tho majority lo drag us
out of the I'nioa; we nhull unfurl the stars
and ktriH-s, and upxului)( lo tho Ciod of
battles and loynl men in oilier Mates for
hclii. we will fiiiht tho relx li lo tho death
ami if full we limit, It shall be lu defense of
tha Union, the Constitution and tho fluff of
our country, and not uinli-r the snaky ban
tier of ta'axm. In the Slnle of Marylund
there ure men. This, sir, is tho po-ition ol
(litre tho Speaker's hammer fell, hidii-at
in? the termination of the hour allotted lo
l)c (Drcgon SVrgus.
W. . Adams,
SATl'ltPAV, AI'KIL 27, ISfil.
Wo haro ifwiired our readers a hundred
times (hut " Iteniocrarr," In tho mouth of
iiegro-brecdiiig pnrtisaii.', meant despotiMii.
Itehold tho proof: Tho Cotton States hnvo
(toiio out of tho Union, being dragged by
political demagogues, without consulting
tho peopl". They durcd not Mtbtuit seces
sion to a pnpuhir vote, even in tho cotton
Mutes. Niiitii turoima now allows no
man to role unless ho Is rich cuoii'di to
own luud. Tho Cotton Confederacy has a
this is done they hud tho pledge of every j rrMi,t.nt who lias not been elected by the
Kopp, but who was appointed by a con
reution. All the apjioiiitecs of tho South
cm Administration hold their offices for
life. In Tennessee, Arkansas, Missouri,
and Virginia, where tho jicoplo had n
ehunuo (0 vote, disuuioiiisiii was voted
down. Tho Huntsvillo (Alubainn) Indc
ieudent, on learning tho result in Ten
iicsscp, came out Feb. 1st denouncing tho
Lcgisluturo of Teimesseo for submitting the
Union question to tlio pcoplo. Among
other things, tho Independent says:
" ller Iiri;ishituro must now tee the
fullij of tuhiniitintj Iht qutxlii-n of Conren-
lion or no lunventmn to the jMiuhtr vote.
Thousands upon thousnnds of her immmiIc.
uud wo sienk with no disrespect ol the in
telligence of tho State, did not and could
not kiime whether there wos a necessity for
culling a Convention or not."
Nearly every election that has been car
ried by tho pro-sluvery Democracy since
tho summer of 185(1, has been done by
ballot-box stuffing mid fraud. They elect
ed liuchunun by fraud the jiroplo didn't
elect him. They havo acted nil the time
on tho supposition tliut tho "pentie did
not and could not know" how ther ought
to vote. This Alubqnm pnjier is tho first,
however, thul has dared openly to avow it.
Let tho lit t lo L11110 llunkeys hero tako no
lice that tho motto for thoir party hereafter
is, 8Qf " The jitnple do vol and cannot
knoir hme lo vole,''
gentleman from that region thul the law
would Lo fully and fun ly cnlorctd. Tho
danger felt by tho Northern people is tliut
their own Tree colored H'opu may, on a
summary process, lie arrested and cur
ried off uud sold into slavery. Tho law of
IM50 provided no remedy for a cuso of this
kind. Tho law wa proposo recommends
that, when a claim of freedom Is made, thu
negro shsll bo surrendered lo the Marshal,
carried hack where it is alleged ho came
from, and shall there havo a triul before
n court of tho United States, in the slave.
Slates whence ho escaped. These ore tlio
two remedies projiosed to tho committee
(or theso grievances.
Tho next subject is tlmt of tho Territo
ries. Now, it is certainly marvellous that,
having settled this very question in 1 HoO,
nnd no intermediate law having been passed
by any body, excepting tho luwof 1H,"4,
repealing the Missouri compromise, allow
ing slavery to go north of 110 Ul)' the
South honing brntnltd of the late of 1 S50
s of their triamith, and harimi tthdged them-
trlvtt to ahide Ay it it is abovo nil things
passing strango Hint tlio l iiion cnunot en
dure iinle.u Ihit late it rtjxaLd und tho
the principle, of tho Missouri compromise
bo agniu adopted. Tim exclusion of sla
very beyond tho lino which tho South de
nounced, they mi v now shall not only be reS'
tored, but that a provision extending it shall
bo engrafted forever in the Constitution.
This line, which wus denounced und aban
doned bv Southern men ns 11 badgo of in
equality, as a stain nnd dishonor to tho
South, they now demand shall bo restored,
not by a temporary net of legislation, but
by tho net of tho pcoplo ns tho supremo
law 01 tlio Iniicl. A more lluirrunt, iucxcu
snblo inconsistency has never como within
my knowledge, Trout my readings of pohti
TIIR CIUTTKNDKX COMI'UOUISK liFSOl Xl'tn.
A proposal is made on the part of tlio
minority ot tlio committee that there shall
bo a division of nil tho regions; that nil
north shall ho dedicated to freedom, nnd nil
tho region south to ('aim llomlo Cope.
Jlorn, ttr thall be dedicated to AJrtcan
tiaveiv. Over tho wholo of Mexico, nil
tho regions of Central America, in tlioso re
gions where slavery is unknown, it must 111
time to come exist by virtuo of tho Consti
tution of tho free Republic of Xorth Amer
ica. If gentlemen were nwurc of the his
tory of tho past years in Ibis country, they
would seo how utterly impossible such a
schomo ss this is tho absolute impossibility
of guaranteeing tho establishment of slu
very in every inch of territory wo niny
acquire. It mutters not whether tho
Khume is right or wrong, liberal or illib
eral, that is not tho thing; but it it im-
potsibte, nnd that ought to satisfy them.
I cannot imagino such a compromise ns
this! nnd this is what tho Southern minori
ty offer to us, niul demand our compliance
with, to some extent, their ultimatum.
As to New Mexico, I nm willing, with tho
majority of tho committee, tliut slavery
should be recognized there, ns it already
exists. I have been informed by tho gen
tleman who represents tlmt Territory that
tho copl nro rendr to decide the question
for themselves, and they nro seeking admis
sion into the Union; and when they decide
what form of constitution they will udopt,
whether free or slave, then this controver
sy will be let at rest at once and forever.
If this does not satisfy gentlemen of the
South, I tell them that il m7 tatitfy their
eonttiluenttMii that they will find out
before they are many months older.
MARYI.AXP FOB TRK CNI0X.
But, air, one Stale lean sirnt fr: that
it Maryland. Applause. She is not
revolutionary; she confides in the strength
of this great Confederacy to protect aud to
to secure to her continuance of that !
glory which, fr nfmost a century, she Las
lor the principal articles of forage nnd mb
kisliiice, vary sonitahsl In different locali
ties. At Portland and Vancouver the
prices allowed are as follows; For hay,
f 24 r ton, aud Ulow that as charged;
oats, $1,33 per tudicl; flour, (4 per Lbl ;
frcah U-cf, 10 cents a jioiiiid; bacon 20
nuts; coffee, lit cents; sugar, 1 0J cents.
The following la a roudensrd statement
of the prices allowed for each of the ti
lied article, ot tho places named, com
inenclng st I'urtlund, and proceeding south'
tinirciiclw connected with closing tip the
service, and in eood faith. I allowed them
lo aland untoocbwl. Hut it apiearcd that
Tha extsnsivo worki of tho Oregon
Milling and TrouiiortUoo Company at
this city were eutlrcl consumed by Ore 00
iili?ht. !3d nt. The alarm was
given about quarter before 12 o'clock
' "IT ". 7... , ..... ...... ,1.. ,.. made such
some of tha ofliecrs and clerks had been " "J " ' " " ...
naid out of this fund for services alleged lo W '7. " U "7".
- K O
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s s s
J h lo Is la
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I S I
J S t S
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8 n c l
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S t! V V
- H h s
Ctothimt.'l'he purchoses of clothing
such as blunketa, coats, pniittiloons, shirts,
hats, caps, boots, shoes, socks, &c., includ
ing somo cumii nud garrison equipage,
in Oregon to '02,0:11, and in
Washington to $13l,Ki,li8, nuvking nu
grcgnte of $127,470,03. I hare mado
a uniform deduction of thirty-three nnd one
third er cent, from theso bills, as the
nearest approximation to actual cash
prices tliut 1 could obtain.
lltapilal and medical account'. For
services of cooks, stewards, nurses, laun
dresses, Ac, I have allowed two dollars
per day. Considering tho prices allowed
for articles purchased, at least double tho
cash value, I hnvo generally reduced them
one half; In a few extreme cases, the reduc
tion exceeded that.
7'aUt of pay and ulotrane.c of Iht army
UiiKcKixniiKiK. Tho Iiouisvillo Journal
says that Rreekinridgc In his Into letter to
flow Magoffin shows tlmt ho is one of the
gang of Southern conspirators against tho
Government. Tlio Journal thinks that if
llrcckinridgo fails lo prccipitnto Kentucky
into tho vortex of rebellion, ho will lenvo
tliut Stato nud go to the Cotton States.
Tho proof is now conclusive that the
Dreckinridgo nnd Lane ticket was a dis
union ticket, ns we nnd tlio Douglas papers
charged lust summer. The honest farmers
and mechanics who were lied into tho be
lief tlmt it was no a disunion move, ore
now getting their eyes open, und denounc
ing Lnno as a traitor who ought to hare
his neck stretched while the disunion or
gans nro admitting the treason, but justi
fying it. They are expecting ten or fifteen
dollars a -piece if Jo ever comes bock.
An. U.viox Mkn. Tho St. Louis Eve
ning News (a Rell-Kvcrett paper) in re
joicing over tho Into Union victory achieved
iu St. Louis, in which a majority of Ameri
cans and a goodly number of Democrats
voted tho Union ticket, (for members of
Convention,) pays tho Republicans ol St.
Louis the following compliment:
" Rut it is certainly much to tho credit
of the Republican party that it had not
one wavering or doubtful man in its ranks.
but that it wheeled its powerful nnny of
free citizens into line and marched in solid
column under the glorious ensign of the
Republic, aud uttered a united voice for
the Union ' Xote and ForTeer.' "
The Republican party, now by far
the strongest porly in tho United States,
has not one disunion man in it while all
the other parties Lave more or less.
Stick a pin there.
Jouxr. We notice a letter from this
distinguished scholar, in the Eastern pa
pers, in which be says " the god of bottles
spjilcs opou the pahucttoc flag."
the United Slates, in aeconlanct with
irhieh the volttnteeri tire reported for pay
by the Third Auditor inc'wling oicert
of companiet from Captain to ll'njt J'ri-
vale. Ciiptain, $j0, with $30 extra allow
ance for service 011 tho 1'iicifio, $10 addi
tional when commanding company, rations
80 cU cr day, forago $8 per month, with
12 for ue nnd risk of horso. First and
second Lieutenants, $33.33 per month.
ith tho same extra allowance, forage, ra-
ons, uso or horso tliut ore allowed to tho
Captain; First Sergeant, $30 per month,
$12 uso and risk of horso, nud $3,94 cts.
for clothing. Scrgcnnt $25,50 per month,
$12 uso and risk of horse, nnd $3,92 for
clothing. Corporal, $21 per month, uso
and risk of horso $12, nud $3,90 for cloth
ing. Frivnte, $18 per month, $12 uso ond
risk of horso, nrd $3,80 for clothing.
MinceUaneous claims. There nro bills
for arms, ordnnnco supplies, lumber, sad
dles, bridles, harness, wagons, nnd a great
variety of articles of merchandise, such ns
dry-goods, groceries, hardware, tablo nnd
chamber furniture, stationery, kc. In n
few cuses, where sufficient data was availa
ble, action was taken on tho particular
claims, according to tho circumstances, ond
what seemed right in tho premises. There
were also somo claims of so indefinite a
character as to seem to require further evi
dence and explanation before they should
bo allowed, cither, in wholo, or in part.
Such chums were marked, "suspended."
On a review of what has already been done
ns is believed on just and sufficient data
to warrant tlio nction itns Ascertained
that tho nvcrago reduction on tho prices
of lending articles of subsistence aud forego
was nbout 43 per cent, in Oregon nnd 37
per csnt. in Washington. On careful con
siderntion of these miscellaneous claims, It
was not perceived that any material differ
ence should bo made between them and
those already nctcd on. Tho generality of
tho remaining claims wero disposed of at
reductions varying from 33 to 50 per cent
um, according to tlio prices charged, as tho
nearest approximation to "actual cash
prices," that could bo arrived at The
Auditor allows for horse-hire one dollar
per day; mule-hire ono twenty-five. For-
oge nnd stabling, nllowcd by tho commis
sioners at two dollars per day ore reduced
to one third, or sixty-six and two third
Final dhpotitiam of property The to
tal amount realized from the sales of every
.1 -t .
ui.niijiuuii ui property anu supplies on
hand at tho close of tho war in Oregon was
$79,ti56,49J sold for cash, $189,377,67
sold to claimants, and accouuted for by
cancellation of their scrip to that extent
making a total of $203,034,17 in cash and
It has been seen that the sum of $78,
C"C,49, was realized in caA from the sales
of property at the close of hostilities
Oregon. Inquiry was therefore mH.
have been rendered In making out their ac
counts, In soma cases during I ho whole of
the year 1857 and as lute as Iho middle of
tho year nearly lm yart after Iht
tolnnlttri wert ditehargetl, at rates rang
Ing at six to ten dollars per day, for Iho
whole consecutive eriod. As a general
rule it bus been held that cluiuii of this de
scription when preciitcd by either Slates
or Territories, must be mado out entirely
at their own exix-use. Rut I did not ad
here evon to this rule, considering that un
der the circumstance It might lie relaxed
little; and believing three months ample
time for each of theso officers to finish up
his business and close his nccounts, I allow
cd pay for himself and clerks for that pe
riod after tho discharge of the volunteers,
This Is tho period fixed by law In which
officers of tho regular army are required to
make out and render their accounts alter
the expiration of each quarter. Accord
Ingly I disallowed all claims for official or
clerical service alleged to have becu render
cd after that time, and tho " cash pay
ments" appropriated from this fund iu liqiii
dution thereof, were applied as sit off
airninst such other cluims as tho officers or
clerks were found to have for services rcu
dcred by them during tho hostilities. In
this way I reclaimed by extinguishment of
claims, $12,958,91. The sum of $18,108,.
21, Is also reported as still In tho hor.ds ol
certain officers, nnd this amount will also
be cstopjwd out of their cluims for pay."
Here tlio Auditor is decidedly after some
of thoso sharp financiers who were so eager
to sell projicrty only lor cash, at tho close
of tlio war, In order that they might pocket
the loose change. Tho nggregnto otuouut
reported by the commissioners for expenses
incurred in both Orcgou ond Washington
Territories, was $l!,01 1,457 3ft
Ain't reported by Auditor, 2,714,808 bo
Appropriation. 2,800,000 00
Tho Report, with accompanying docu
nieiits, fills a pamphlet of 0110 hundred nnd
thirty two pages, nnd consequently this is
but an incomplete summary of its contents.
Rut somo will doubtless read this who have
not, ond perhaps will not, read the full re
port. In (juoting from the Report we hare
endeavored to select such parts os concern
most particularly tho workers nnd produ
ccrs of tho country toward whom the great
est injustice has been done by tho report,
and law making tho appropriation.
It will bo seen that rank injustice is pro
posed to bo done by a provision tacked
on to the lust end of the first section of the
luw making the appropriation, declaring
thut payments mudo in piirsuanco of the
net referred to shall bo received in full sat
ishtction nnd discharge of tho cluims upon
which they ore mado.
Tlio following is tho circular of tho Au
ditor, iu relation to the modo of presenting
claims under the provisions of tho luto act:
TllEASl HY DkI'ARTMKXT, Third AllltTOlt's )
Ofkice, March 20, 1801. )
Rule in relation lo cluinu provided fur by an act
making appropriation! for lite payment of rx
pcnuca incurred by the pcoplo of Oregon nnd
Wuliinj,'lon iu the auppreiwioii of liuliun litis
tilitiea therein, ill Iho years 185S and IH.'iC.
All claims under tho provisions of this
Act must be presented at the office of the
Third Auditor of the Treasury Department,
where they will bo registered in the order
of their presentation, and token up for nc
The claims should, in all cases, bo ac
companied with the following information
Tlio name nnd nlnco of residenco of the
owner or holder thereof, and directions ns
to tho disposition of the draft, or bonds, as
tlio case may be, when issued.
Tho cvideuco of ownership, if held by ns
signment or purchase. The original ccrtiM
cntcs of service, or of purchase, must iu all
cases uo presented.
Claimants should state, on filing the
claims, whether they desire nction accord
ing to the allowance heretofore mado by
the Third Auditor, in his report of 7th
February, 1800, or whether they desire to
furnish additional evidence with a view to
a reconsideration of the former allowances.
In cases where the claimants state ther in
tend to furnish additional evidence, action
thereon will be suspended until such evj.
dence is received. Such claimants as de
sire specific information of the amount al
lowed by the Third Auditor, In his report
aforesaid, with a view of determining
whether or not to take additional testimo
ny, on hung their claims and so request
mg, will be informed of the respective
amounts allowed, and action suspended un
til ncaru irom as aoore.
All cvideuco must be sworn to before
some judge, justice of tho pence, or other
officer legally authorized to administer
oaths. Where affidavits are mado before
a justice of the peace, the certificate of a
clerk of Court must accompany the same to
1110 cttect mat that officer was. at the time.
an acting justice of the peace; and the offi
cer administering the oath must certify to
the credibility of the witness. Each wit
ness must state his mouns of knowledge of
me tacts sworn to, and that he has no in
terest, directly or indirectly, in the claim
concerning which he testifies.
It. J. Atkixson', Auditor.
Not DisorisED. The secession sheets
in this State are chuckling over the false
hood that Mr. Lincoln went through Balti
more in disguise, wearing a cloak and
Scotch cap. They took the falsehood from
the New York Herald, but failed to see
j that it was contradicted in the same paper
, I.--. ! .1 II u : 1
to tk AUcti. r : I . . .. as easily seen
""I. . I " w."a n,on7- ap- by these fcllows as wonld be a two-mllon
IT", tZJit J? I? J1 "reported jug of whisky, while they couldn't see the
" ior wnicn irutn mroiurli a
accouuU have been rcudercd aud approved, tacles.
pair of magnifying spec-
vclope the whole buildings (Including saw
mill, warehouse, and cri.t mill), and rcn
dcr all efforU lo atop their course totally
out of tho question. The fire originate
in the warehouse, and the wind, wl'ich was
blowing from the south, drove the flumes
on toward the grut null with greet rapidi
ly, and in ah incredibly short criod that
building also was completely euvclojied, and
Mr. Wm. Ovcrholtzcr, who waa sleeping
In the second atory, had barely time to de
scend from the window by rope which
was thrown to him, and which lie fastened
lo his bedstead. He had hardly touched
tho ground when (he rope Itself cuuio after
him, being bnnitou above. Two steamers,
the Relief and Jas. Clinton, were lying In
the basin above tho works, both having ar
rived during tho afternoon, and, ns usuu
were tied up to tho warehonse. The ef
forts of those on that sido of the river were
now directed to save these boats, whlc
were successful with resiK-ct to tho Relief,
which was hauled out with some difficulty,
sustaining, however, somo slight damage
from the fire which caught on her upper
works. Tho efforts to save the Jns. Clin
ton were unavailing, and sho burned to the
water's edge, and sank.
The loss sustained cannot full much short
of $100,000, of which the principal suffer
era are Akrncthy, Clark A Co., and Jhe
holders of lions as follows: Jumcs K. Kelly,
for himself and sundry claimants, near
$15,000; R. I'eutkind, upwards of $8,000;
F. S. llolluii.l, $1,500, Tullaut & Wilde,
Sun Francisco, $16,000.
About six hundred barrels of flour ond
fifteen hundred bushels of wheat were Iu
the mill, belonging !o Mcssra. W. C. De
ment & Co., nnd Ainsworth k Dicrdorff,
of this city, which of course were consumed
with the rest. Loss about $3,300.
There were other lots of wheat and
flour, ond somo thirty tons of bncoti in the
warehouse, besides a large quantity of mer
chandise awaiting shipment up the river.
The loss to tho owners of the Jns Clin
ton which was burnt, Cupt. J. 1. .Miller,
J. T. Apmrson, and others, is about
The damngo done to tho Relief Is about
$500, we lenrn.
The books, papers, Ac, of (ho Company
were entirely destroyed.
Tho loss to tho Willamette Valley, how
ever, by tho burning of theso works, is not
easily computed, and will be sensibly felt
by the mercantile and shipping community
both nbore ond below tho Falls. We
doubt whether there is another establish
ment north of San Francisco tho destruc
tion of which would involve such on amount
of suffering and inconvenience, us will re
sult from tho lute disaster.
Tho origin of tho (Ire can only bo con
jectured, nud or cour.10 various surmises
are afloat os to its cause. Tlmt it was the
work of an incend'ory is not apparent, as
there was no conceivable motive to warrant
such an act. Tho most rational conjec
ture we havo heard is that whilst unload
ing the bacon (somo 25 tons) from one of
the boats during the afternoon, a spark of
firo from tho boat, or from somo one's cigar
or pipe, fell upon tho gunny sacks in which
tho bncou was enclosed nnd burnt slowly
and unperceived until tho flames burst
through tho building. What ndds force to
this supposition is the fact that tho fire
was discovered iu that part of the ware
houso where tho bacon was deposited.
"lie flouring mill destroyed was known
abroad as tho " Linn City Mills."
Xtcr from the
The 1'o.iy, with d.usj fr,8L r;
yet been done by the i,Ill
larding the Southern foru -.
activity continues about tla xJH
Forts aud Navy Ynrit. Troo.-!!.
to embark under staled orders. ihZr
nation being wholly unknown mti
cy hai been determined Bpo. VP
accounts Indicate a dcterinljMiUoaui IT
end.trengtheu.il post, Jfi
in the Southern State.!
Much excitement exists ImU
where activity is displayed ei
lions are ninkiinr for T,I"
many la considered as Inevitable iC.f
others do not yet dcsiieir of a pescrfrf
Thus far the only atoamert dsrteM.
New lork to convey trow .kTT"
are sold to be the IllinoUaadii-T.,0T
Hie Illinois will nil UMlay nTsT
tic will carry 000 iroops, fla JiSt
ai convoy for the steamer. Th. J t
are reported lo have lft New YorV lT
.(,-.. uui. iii j.uuu iroopi an T
beted at Now York, whowerVpsUttL
week, Indicating marching orders.
uirgo quantities or stores wws.l,!
its, for landing troops m Z, 7
board the annio steamer. Cani !kL7
battery is on board. The PowhaiuTi
tako trooin from Forts Pnli,.i
Hamilton. Orders have beta .
40.000 sand bags now mauufadonn. Z
Fort Tort ogns. w
Ths alooji-of-war Tawnr left WJi- .
Norfolk, and will Iher reeein mimnT
J jut. Talbot, aftrr aa inter! i-juj il,
deal, reliim.-d lo Kurt Humler. 1
1 jfiit Oilman, after aa Interview .
tary Cameron ad tieu. Scon, bn
for 1'ep.aeola. UU
Certain nwrenienli are emJioaJt U) tail
Workmen are ow eniraied oa il.. f,i,J T
bah and lieanoke and Ilia brii Pm
in-nt activity in Ilia Clurleetawa iMaa.i nL,
lanit oh) wwsmen art emplovrd. ft, ;
llaiiibrtdjre la readv to anil awaiti -
Tin M uneajla, Miwiaeippl, ans CelitJ,. Z
aUo ready. "
taut account, elate Hut apptieitoKoetoaate
were not rut oft". "
The Southern cnmmhooen atil an.-e-i .
belief of a prat-etui eolulioa nf iho AaVakiav
In ivply lo llotti and other ViriioiaM. a
it. a lpM.i.l..ltl .l..l;iu.l Im U.I: 1 ..
-- .w naiBnary,
Tlio lik hmon.! Whig and other mmi
I), en boughl tip. ami bate ra'ied on
nein. Ano her l uion pnjier will be
It la di-nied that the naval nremMLai . u.
leaded fur Sun Domingo,
Il la rumored there la to be a Mil far At n.;
under lloualnn iu Teae.
The Workinsmrn'a Union candidate hu L
elected Mnyor of Louiivilla by 900 aajaritj.
ST. lAvu, April NfMatioa ilrU
lia morning iviwrt tlmt liortiliiin at Fan Km
are ulmo-l inevitable 1 lluit the Pmr'eVet ial
lo eviicii.ile the fort, but biak riMWiitiviecka
The Powhatan railed on Saturday Una Hit
or, anu anoim r ream oa eaaoajr.
Kichl eoiupanii' led Mucon, Uvorf'a, as (fat-
duy, for l'i nrarolji.
A C'liarlmton diennlch of April Tain Berne.
Sard hae given Maj. AndnnaiB otlieial aietUat
iiiU-ri-oume brlwe. a the fort aid ciljr waaU U
jirohibi ed. A II the furls Intra brea DrrefWeril.
Two additiotiid reciuienla are einetei bmm taa
The Jas. Ci.isto.n. The destruction of
this popular steamer by fire Tuesday night
last will be a great detriment to the trade
and travel on tho Yamhill river as its
owners and officers had become general fa
voritcs on account of the clever and ac
commodating spirit manifested by them in
all their relations with the public. We
arc glad to learn, however, that Captain
Miller and the other owners hare It in con
templation to commenco tho building of
another boat immediately. Success to
them. Tho Yamhill trade, in tho mean
time, will not suffer materially, os the Com
pany havo two steam-flats, the 'St. Clair'
and ' Yamhill,' to supply the place of the
ConRECTiox. We are reonested to say
that the statement in the Advertiser yes
terday morning that there were no facili
ties for crossing the river from this city on
the night of the fire, is a mistake. , The
flat was on this side, and could have taken
across a hundred men, bad there been the
least show of their being of any nse in sa
ving the works. As to the steamer Clin
ton, we have tho authority of Capt. Tease
for saying that live hundred men could not
have rendered her ony assistance ofter his
arrival, and he was among the first on the
ground. , ,
Accident. Oa Tuesday afternoon, jost
after the Rival had reached oar landing,
from Portland, it was discovered that one
of her cranks was broken, and ia conse
quence she did not go over to tha basin, to
lay all night, as as ail. To this accident
may be attriboted the safety of the boat,
as, had she been in the basin during the
banting of the mills, a like fate would hare
Cokuckk A iioi.itio.n. Gov. fiekcas of
South Carolina threatens in hii prooancit
mcnto that if Virginia refuses to join tlx
igger Confederacy, she must le plid
such a positiou that she will bo lettti It
bul'mlt slavery. If a Governor of a XetuV
cm State had projioscd to " abolitk litte
ry by force," even In South Carolina, 1st
dirt-eating traitors of tlio Xorth wookl
hove all groaned like a horse dyinf with
the cholic. Rut when South Carolina pro
claims herself not only an abolition State,
but in fuvor of "forcible abolition thne
fellows swallow it down, lick their chop,
and cull for more of the same sort. If
South Carolina next proposes to opei n
underground railroad to run off the Vir
ginia niggers, we predict that Slater will
clap his bauds for joy, and be the first sp
plicant for tlio position of steward oa tW
car that carries tho " cold victuals,
Fire at Lafayette. Tbo lire-proof
brick store belonging to Morris Wolfe, ef
Lafayette, waa entirely bomed ootoa tb
inside last Saturday night about 9 o'rloet,
consuming his entire stock of goods, all ef
his valuablo books and papers, and all the
valuables belonging to the posl-eSf
The firo originated oa the Inside ef tl
building, whilo Mr. Wolfe and most of tl
citizens were at church. When the alarm
was given, it was too Into to save injtJuaf.
Mr. Wolfe's loss is estimated at eight or
ton thousand dollars. It was with the
grcutest difficulty that the Ure wu sept
from burning into the adjoining ret,
which wos occupied by H. H. Se-""
fr Knntv'a nnnAa want removed iotO the
street, but the fire was checked after barl
ing one or two holes into the
No one knows how the fire origiMtea.
The Mines. From the J11
wa lnrn th.t .Tan Walker bsi reacbel
the Dalles direct from the Bock Creek
mines, and reports that those who an
work are making from $20 to $30 T
to the band. He confirms toe np-
rich discoveries on Lake Okinagaa. '
Krom the Xez Perce mines the rtpW
... .. - U
continue wild as ever all mdicauag "7
the mines are " the best ever feeaa
r r.lirXmi. 1 Tni. Mnnntaineer aaa
v. vi'iwi ' ' '. SB
several persons direct from these "we
of whom say the "mines arertrtasae.
sufficient extent to give abundant aa r 9
itable employment to tnoosanos
So mote it be. "
S. of T. The officers of Oregoa Div
inn XTA Q Ca tUlm mUmr WTft MDaJOT
aw. Ot aii feueo vi j t - a
sUUed on Friday evening of last Y
v. -t 1 -.1.1 were aae
uio uccaaion, tuun muw- tv-.W
by Rev. J..O. Eayner and W.B. W"'
SrsrE.voED.-The Democratic Defe
at Eugene City has drawn ite -The
Albany Democrat wifl Wlo
wake' soms. Tc or fifteeo 001;
Jo won't save, it