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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View This Issue
jjy D. W. CRAIO.
lfl,DM ""' Cr ""7
''" .,-.. .uitcribtri1 km Dalian
... ' nut PU I" tdtanet, Four
Wnnl..wiUii tkargtd if mid milkin tit
.j vi dollars all t tnilo im year.
.Tm A Wcekl ycWBPaPer' (lcvott;J to the Intend of the' Laboring Cliuwes, and advocating the si.lo of Truth iu cwy isHUC-
trZhttk.vihutftpUi'r. Vol. V.
OREGON CITY, OREGON, MARCH 17, 1800.
"Td Aroi-: I" coiitii.uinic the remark
mmpnetJ in your lust paper on the Shrub
fTlirabfofor ornament, I will odd
Ortgoa HUU Agrtrullural Hoclrty.
O . . ' 1 n . n ,. .
PAI.KH, ri'U. 22, J8DU 11 A. J.
their tluvin, holding tli power of life and
dentil in their own hands. So that in the
eye of the law the slaves wore counted ai
ho mm, or at dead men, and at beasts."
Now turn was the true condition of sluvery
Voted, tlmt the Convention proceed to 1 ited, either directly or indirectly. Thin
fir Hi a nl,,,... ,.r !,i,i;,. ... i i . -. ... . ...... it. .
ti.i. .i.. I . .. . . .. . ' " Auiiimi position we icci aouuuui t y ame 10 esiait-
This lay in pursuiinco to notice duly . Fair. i Lh ,.!,,. ..n n,. ,..i... . ...,,..!..
fflVCII. the tceirutos e ectc.1 til Mnfi.r in I ft., -f r. ....., J . " - M""
Wrv u--- ,. ...,,,,. i... . I,..,,.! , ,i. ? ,. , J.. . . . ui .ui. vwii, mo louowuijr uo''inim, ami unauthorized assertions to tne
J shrubbery, f" .he format urn of a .State Agri- resolution was adopted: I xnn. Uut whether tl.U I- intended by
fl effect, enucu.i. ouuety, menu tuo court House' K solved. That in hieutina- the nhici.fi.r il... T u, B..., , ....!.,! i w.... . t tl.n em......... m,t r il.. J,...u.t
Mttbor thuii. inu '',";( . '" ' -. . T ., . . j boldinjy the firrt Au..uul Fair of the Ore-jHlnvery in the present day in another rah-l When compared with American tfarrrr it
ri.iir.iT . " H' Ti 7-i "en B0IIS5,"t0 A(?riniltiiral Society, coclicouii.,JW;t undo (pientiou altogether dihthict. wuh inniiitoly worse; and still in the face
. , " "'ouu ij fiinn.Miu.Mi in inn tonveiiiion kiiuII be Tho l'ursoii owiiiuieii in the face of on uliun- r nil tin evi.iciice, ami with the ercutcHt
. 1 IflL 1 IIU. M'PLttlWi Hliu L-ll.rV IirH ICI. I.llllth.il ... tti. m ..P ..... .. . ... ... I'.. I... ..I t f I .1 .
oowi-i"! - - , , , . . n . . . uiiiiHiur 01 tin. nance or evidence to tno coutrnrv. tnut uih uny ui cuhiki.'iicp a in auiruieo unit
IhM I ' nouZ n:;;;,' nn, ,aalU r : ' " 01 A B"n u motion of Mr. Holhrook, voted that The duveiy recognized in the Uililo In all I " the bh.very of the Iiil.le is all of the vol
1" 7 . 1 r - i... 1 r..l .
i.iiItioted aim many 01 uuni .c ucuuiu.n
iIia wi'ccln and turf inuv li
jMiie"". ; ; '
tilt OUt 8U0UI 1110 u.uniin "-'
:, i,..A nm.lied with well rotted
lucir .. , ... . . ... - .--......,.. -.... vu. H i.ivuiiii outiciy us icm una servants or saves n tie A i
Doro, ond they Hcurceiy nuu oiuir lure. crcuentii.is, vi.: Jhwrs. i'Mgo, Coon, and selected, having' fifteen votes to nine for a Enlntleii. and eNewherc: fmnlviiiir. ho savs. i fur rcvoh'nizo tho institution as to every
Avm t" P"""1" ";" " ' ' . nml ". h "I'poiniea. ; po .lit m IJenton county. ;lptrrpe of fi,.C(ioll, 0, j . " i,iro , .1 .,.1: J,. . where inciilcHto tho reMurtivo duties of
...u rwnmmcim. are 1110 i.rcci iiciuai- un motion, a. hoimied until l.u r nnt .1 TH. lima d. I,l.i;,.,. it., v.,:. ..... ... ,. ...... . . .1 1 ..1 ...i i..r .1... ..i.i 1..
, . , ' r --j .v.... .,n . ni rci , IIOI1M, IIICOIIIIIIIIIUIO Willi a Slllie 01 UlljeCl "" "'i "' , " " "uim li.
on ine scconn inesdny in Uctober, 18U0. sluverv. In other words, that where all respect to Muvtry just as they round It.
On motion of L. K. V. Coon, it was rhrht is vested in the muster to coiiiinaiid, And strange ns it inny npiicarj while their
Ilesolvcd, That a Committee lie ni.noiiit- nml nnil.inc left in Hm Uvn Imt in nlu.i- e.Miiiinlo is nckiiowleili:ed in ull tliiiiL's else.
, cd to present a petition to tho LegiOntivejIint all lilierty ends and of course tha ro- "omc men in the nineteenth century will
1 A a.....l.i.. ..r t !. . . . .... ...... . I. .I... .1 f. .1
icncii unit liny were wronjr in tins .ur
ticuhir!!! J. A. Coiiswali.
(To It ton tinned.)
..,.....,, ,.,t ,u cuii iriLceiiiiig; Hanoi mo county vountorv semliue. s un nr to tie IUl.rew uiitnry kiiiu." aouii is wormy ot imrt;e-
i. Aiiernniiy, coon and J. hmitli, wus no- Iiuhiik tho least iiiinibcr of votes Lo drop, servitude under the Mosaic ecoiiomv. This ulur remark thut in tho midst of this
L. 10 011,10 I 1 'in mo iint. l0 infers (w itliout a shadow of proof) from lirioomy picturo uinsi ami ins Apostles
. r . n . . Lpo'i tlio rourthhullot, the ! air Ground the injunctions imposed on both the mas-1 did not lejjishito upon the sul.jrct, or drop
Hill- 1)11 nml 1(111 ft rmnmitlnn nf lip..a nn it flu. !;...... A i o ' 1 , . ... ... !... i .r .. ..... i: i
lO.slolie siiiciu oru 01 pruiiioiiiuii: uut uiu so
i.. joiueof the new varieties of Phlox; o'clock r. .
the Japan Day LiU'esj tho varieties of J. 0. Wn.sox, Sec. ro tan.
JVonv; tlio Uieiyira; aim our-huii jcu
I nrliinurs. There aro many other Tarieties
On tqnsrs (13 Hum or Km, bravtrr nwrnife) lift
- " wo iowrtloni, 4 AO
Each fubwqueat itiMMion, M
Reunnakl deJucilont to lliuM who iilvrrliM l.jr
Tin rtoMirros or th ARGl'S m lurrv
lo luform tl.t public dial U liu j.nt rcriv
lurg itook f JOH TVI'K ind otlivr iirw ir!nl.
inir nuili riul, and will lw In Ilia t,rrly rrfiH ,.(
dliliinw uiiril to till . nquirrnirni of lli li.
rl:iy. IIAMlltll.lX. I'OM KIIH. Ill ANK,
CAKDS, ( lltcn.AIW, I'AMI'lll.KT WdUK
snil uihrr kln., dune Is order, un oliort nolle.
vxvxtioi oy a Hrr.Akr.m
PE.V.VINOTOX, OF KKW Jt HHEy (nKITIIMCAx),
. .i......r ..... I. ....... i. I. -
of tint class oi pim b"' 31 o'clock r. m. Convention met nursu- Asseini.ly of Oiv.'on, tit its next session, eii.rocal duties enioined will not annlv
Ihave IhuS glVtMl a list irom wnicnse- .. . , , n iin . . , f ! imivill ' tlmt bod V to nimnmriiil.. ininu v 1 It..n,. l. ..,.l,l... .!... .1...... . L....I.
. 1 q'l 11 ".,,,! .1. I v ' ' v I I I j 1 1 1' iiv v 11 w tvin niMi n wiiiiii 1 ill. 1 c n 11a 11 v m. 11
lections can 11 . y motion, J. Q. Thornton, of Ilentmi "r tno snpjiort or tl;:s Society and the. institution existing ainonir the primitive
i,ni,.P dowers. ben once pro periy plant- .,.. ,,.. i10,. n.,,,:...... ...,i fiirnii.tinii ni'i'mniiv A.n-;,.niti...,.i ..,.t..:,.u.'.i. .:...! wi..." ...
vuvi."' . ,17. ...'n n ,, 1 ' '.'1 " " ..M".-" h .11111.-111., uiui siiui'i( M" j " v.i. iMiuiis. iiiuu ni.it-i. uirru run uc
ed out in the grounds, uiey 111 uuni ,k,i u Vuliiug, of Multiioinnh, S. cretarv. tt tho said Committee be and they nothiii!.' more absurd or niiscriiiturul. ?ut
At tho reoiieM of the President, prayer , nr" "creiiy instructed to ncconipnny the let us first examine tho shivery of the Old
was offered bv Key. E. Arnold. said petition with such u representation of, Tcstnmei.t. There is n reinniknbla curse
Tin. f 'imiiiil.iiu. nu ri-...l..i.i!..lu ,...n.i,..l . diets, ns the irroiiid nf it. ns ulnill In. f ...l..l 1., l,n mh .1 .r ('.....;. .1...
' . . ... . . . . m. .I....V ii vivni iiuuii, 11 nu n:i. , f - o "i " " , n ti'iuni ill luv fill lull.' UI VI luvflio .nr-
mi ... il,. n.niN i.T sn.i.n I fill nr 2(10, . . . .. .'. .. .l..,.,..,..l ....,!.. i- i ... .. i . . ..... .
lucre mo 'no - ine lonowiiiif named ceuiiemen entitled to "'wj i uccuuipusu mo ouicci , nouncea nv Aoan nirainst tunnn the vouinr
and command admiration for years; ond
.;ih i " lit care cau uiwavs uo kcih hi or-
Virii'tifs of annual flowers in the published I in th(! Couvctition:
list. Ileus of olllft uwnn convolvulus; 01
..llnw eschollzia (California, poppy); of
cmrlct norinlncca ; of uwurt rocKei links.
pur, and of Chinese mid Oeruian osteis,
m often of exeeedinjr beuiily.
I am reminded that I have not written
nv tliiiiir of tuberous or bulbous llower-
iuff nluiits. The dahlia is among the for
mer It is ono of the most gorgeous llmv
en; perfect to the sight, but has no frn
irnuiee. Theii there uro the tulips, the hy.
aeinilis and the eroeus. If a few bulbs of
these caii bo obtained, nml planted in n
rich tied, mnuo rich and light by siind mid
well-rotted manure, they will make a fine
show of llowers; and the bulbs can bo left
iu the erouiid, suy three years, and when
out of flower, tho bed cau bo sown with
eschollzia, dwarf convolvus, or other annu
While the bulbs named require but little
attention, tha di.hha calls mr constant cure.
Thit tuber should be pro crved in dry sand,
in a cool cellar, in winter; it mny be di
vided in spring with n sharp knife, so that
every bud will have a piece of the tuber to
sustain it; these slioum be piaiiuu on good,
warm ground, not too rich, and ns tho
plants grow up, they should be fastened to
itnkes. Some florists recommend pinchiii;
off of a good many of the flower buds.
This treatment will undoubtedly make the
hulls left show more magn hceiit flowers.-
The seeds of the, flowers can bo saved; but
they may not. produce a plant equal to the
parent in a thoiisund grown Irom sei d.
One word more. The cultivation of flow
ere evinces a cultivated taste. Go bv the
cottage, nud if you sec the morning glory
trained up its sides, the roso spreading its
fragrance, tho little beds of flowers in the
front garden, yon will be certain to be
imiircssi'il with tlio belief, tlmt there is pu
rity, intelligence und refinement withiu. A.n.
GoU la the Cultivated lirussrs
Kn. Annua: Tho wild herbage of tho
Willamette valley does not furnish sufficient
food for the stork now here. In some of
the months they have a supply, but in the
winter months their appenraneo fully proves
that many of them barely exist nt the point
of starvation. And hence many cuttle die
in winter; and young cattle, if they livo
through that trying season, are checked in
their growth, und never make the c.it'la
they would have done, had they been prop
trly fed in winter.
This valley possesses nil the natural ro
Bources for a permanent stock country, and
will remain such, rapidly increasing in
Kches in that department of agriculture,
if fanners avail themselves of the advan
tages offered them in its soil, its climate
ond its pnre waters.
Thete can bo no mistake in regard to tlio
true policy of the farmer in this ense. "lie
lio runs may read." Most of the soils of
TiOiie A. A. Smith;
IJenton J. t. Thornton, Jas. Watson ;
Linn Win. Mcllrce, John Smith. A.
Polk E. M. liarniiin;
Mariou-T. T. Eyre, W. II. Hector. T.
Doiiglas-L. E. V. Coon, U. M. Hut
I nipqiiii Dr. Lnngley Hall;
Multiioinnh V. W. Page, J. 15. Ste
vens, A i U. Walling;
Cl ickiiiiins Win. Abcrnethv, A. Hol-
brook, U. H. Atkinson.
On motion of K. M. Barnuin, Win. Ru
ble was added to the delegation from Polk
I he Committee appointed for that pur
pose reported a Constitution.
Mr. J. Smith moved to amend so as to
place the admission fee nt $3, instead of $5
ns reported liy the Committee.
Mr. Holhrook offered tho following:
"Thut any person who is a certified mem
ber of any County Agricultural Society
may become a member of this association
by paying one dollar, and by paying the
same sum as nn ns.-e-siiient annually, while
a member of tlio County Society. All
other persons may become members by
paying $5 ns nn admission fee, and $2 50
as ait minimi assessment." Lost.
It was then moved that the Constitution,
ns reported by the Committee, be adopted.
Voted, that the thanks of this Conven
tion be tendered to W. 11. Ricfor for a
copy of tho "Transact ions of the California
Stuto Agricultural Society during tho year
8u"ft- lest son of Ham: which most ISible critics
Messrs. Thornton, Rector, and Coou interpret as a prophecy of slavery origin
were apwiuted said Committee. ally embracing tho whole of Ham's poster
Voted, that the (hunks of this Convcn- ity who peopled Africa. And whether
tioubo tendered tho presiding officer, for tliis has any thing to do with the subject
the dignified and iinpni iiul manner in which under discussion or not, it is a rcniurkable
he discharged the duties of his olliee. historical fact that Africa hus supplied tho
To which Judge Thornton responded in! slave market of the world in every age;
a short and appropriate speech. nud tho traveller Park snys that three
Adjourned till to-morrow at 8 o'clock, fourths of the inhabitants or Africa are in
a state of shivery at home, nud that of tho
second hay. most abject kind. Still slnvcry has not
Fkii. 23, ltfliO. Tho delegates having i been confined exclusively to tho descend
assembled ugreeubij to adjoiirinneut, J. ants of a wicked Ham, but mainly. SIu
(Juinu Thornton, tho President of the Con- very has existed ever since that curso was
volition, culled to the chair Win. H. Rcc- uttered and probably will exist in a inodi
tor, who on yesterday evening was elected , fied thro' till time, even during the millen
nium. Joseph was sold for a slave nud
Abraham had a great ninny "born in his
house and bought with his money," nml in
all his history there is not one word of dis
aprobntioii on account of his being a slave
holder or a slave dealer. In Lev. 25: 44:
40 over and above the provisions made in
the context for a system of Ilebrow servi
tude which was regulated by the humane
law of Moses, and which terminated every
President of the Society.
A motion to authorize the Secretary to
procure a seul for the Society was indefin
K. M. Diiruum, Esq., offered tho follow
ing: Resolved, That the Fiimneo Committee
bn authorized to procuro sufficient books
Alter considerable discussion, the motion and stationery for the use of officers of this
voto allowing six delegates to the State
Society from tlio County Society. Curried.
Voted that such provision bo stricken
On motion, Constitution was adopted ns
On motion, tho Oregon Farmer was or
dered to publish the proceedings of this
Convention, and ull tho other papers re
quested to copy.
.1. (JUIXX THORNTON",
A. J. Wam.ixo, Sec'y. Pres't.
For llit Argm.
The Slavery or the ttlble.
Mh. Editok: Thero appeared in the Ar
gus of Feb IS 39 a singular Production
On motion of Mr. Coon, the Frc.-ident ' headed "Slavery not Taiwht in the Bible.'"
appointed Messrs. L. E. V. Coon, A. IIol- uldl,r tlc K;,rlatm.e 0f x. H. Siiiull. And
brook, and in. Mcllrce, n Committee to .-, , . ,,
draft a form of Certificate of MVinlH-ndiip. ""- "- - -- s"- " 1 '-"
Messrs. T. T. Evre, A. Pearce, and ul' 11,1 'Saiure : oi u v.iiiiiocrinim ricsoy-
Wni. Mcllrce, having presented themselves, tcnun Preacher of some celebrity both here
ns delegates from the Oregon i nut Urow- nml h, tlio Stales: and since tho writer
ers' Association, they were voted seats in
the Convention ns such.
Adjourusd to 7 o'clock p. si.
,,.i ,,.i;,,i, ,,.i,.
JV.V VI LVIUIUJ Mil IIVUKII lf i
EVEMNo session. j since it closes with a IjiwiI chullengo to tin
The President culled the Convention to investigation; I feel called upon, with your
order. permission, to respond to his Article
Mr. llolbrook moved that after Section ; t , , , b . t
1, Artie u 3, be added "And each County j , , ,. ,, ,
Society in this State may annually elect j Ul"W llle Vl(i,v8 ttllU l,ollt'? of the Church
six members thereof, who shall be entitled, upon the subject. With regard to its mer
without fee, to all the privileges of mem- j its I will state in the outset, that I never
bers of this Society." Carried. I saw a piece of tho same length containing
On motion, tho Convention proceeded . t . f , miJ taMmw
to tho election of officers of the Society. .
fTho list of officers was published in the , ",u"o .iu.u..,
the Willamet te valley are iieculii.rly adap- rgns of Feb. 25. ol dogmatical assertions without any proot,
ed to the growth of the cultivated grasses. Board of Managers A. A. Smith, Jno. of the mast palpable blunders; and worse
An acre of cultivated crass will produce Smith, Win. Ruble. than all, such an unfortunate interpretation
more food for stock than ten acres of the To fill vacancy m linance Committee- . g . . . . .
m, Abcrnethy. , .... , , ... ... T
natural grasses. The natural grasses are
destroyed hy being tramped for years. See
the bare hills and vullics now! Stock can
just get grass enough to keep alive. Cows
tan yield no milk, depending on grass for
food. Oxen cannot work in the field with
food gleaned from the hills. Horses thus
feeding are worthless for service.
These evils can be remedied. But this
tnast b done by work. There is no other
way given to secure the remedy, success of
the farmer, and do justice to his stock. resolution was adopted:
To fill vaennev on Library Committee- fr" their true and legitimate import
T. T. Eyre, Geo. II. Jones. fact, Mr. Editor, I am perfectly ashamed
isiting Committee L. h. . toon, a. ror such a peico to appear in tlio public
Ilanan. A. 0- Walling. I)ri,lts unj,.r the shrnnture of a C P Minis-
To fill vacancy on Committee of Publico-, . .
tion J as. B. Stevens. I . . . '
On motion of T T. Evre. tho Oregon iesc,ons 10 superior uuuiiinicnis, or un o.v
Fanuer was, by a unanimous vote, declared tentutious display as being a half century
the organ of the Society. in advance of the age, still, in our humble
On motion of Mr. toon, tne touovung CT w do taim comillon Kiar9 0f j.
i ..- . .1-. 1
.Mr. Coou moved a reconsideration of tho 'year ot Jiiinlee, there is also ample provis
ion matte Tor a system or absolute slavery,
which was never to teriiiinnte, but such
slaves wero to remain n perpetual possets
ion to their owners, and nn inheritance to
their children forever. (Reud the whole
pnrngrnph.) Dr. A. Chirk nud other He
brew scholars say, the " loud men and
bind maids'' of tho Bible wero slaves in
the absoluto sense. This passage, then,
with the corroborating evidence, clearly
shows that there was a system of abject
slavery of a mild form incorporated with
tho Mosaic institutions; that the ancient
1 Hebrews had a permit from Heaven to buy
and hold slaves which they doubtless did;
and thut the offspring of their bond mnids
culled "homo born," were in a state of per
petual servitude, nnd as such to descend ns
other property. This text is exactly to the
point, whether wo view Moses ucting under
the great Head of the Church, as originat
ing a system of absolute shivery, or as reg
ulating ono already in existence. Audit
'is in reference to this law that Jereiniiili
laments the fall of his people in this pa
thetic strain, " Is Israel n servant? Is ho
n homo born slave? Whv then is lie spoil
ed!" (Chap. 2: 14.) The Jews could
boast a descent from Surah the free woman.
And it was death for an Israelite to en
slave one of his brethren, or to sell him for
a slave; because they wero 0 oil's chosen
people., were circumcised nnd incorporated
wish His Church. (Compare Dent. 24: 1.
Ex. 21: 115 and Lev. 25:42)
Let ns now take a brief view of tho sla
very of tho New Testament, nnd here we
nrc able to obtain a still better clue to the
subject. Hero the writer of tho above ar
ticle commits one of his most pnlpnble
blunders in the sweeping statement " It is
suid everywhere " Servants obey your mas
ters'' not slaves obey your masters, thero
is not, such a text of scripture in tho Bible."
Now there is internal tvidence at least in
some of thoso passages that slavery in the
absolute sense, and not voluntary servitude,
was iiieiint by the Sacred Penman. Take
for example 1 Cor. 7: 21. "Art thou
will probably be viewed ubroud as the ex
ponent of that branch of tlio Church upon
the subject of Slavery
WesCe large tracts of land fenced by the
ownert to k."i cattle from feeding on them
Sn tnranier (gen6:ally expecting to pasture
their stock on the land of their more neg
ligent neighbors at that season) so ns !o
enre rraM tjr the winter. Why not fence
portion of this land, to begin with, and
w it down with tinwthy, English or Ken
tucky blue grass? I doing this you would
eenre something for rour eattle that may
oe depended upon, the Kentucky blue
Pss is supposed to be beat for winter pas
ture. English bine grass is a fine nutri
tions grass, will furnish food for winter in
the field and make good hay, starting ve
ry early in spring and yielding pood crops.
All farmers are acquainted with timothy
It it folly to suppose that we can go on
ocreaaing our stock in this valley, witliout
j-omvating the exotic grasses, those far
mer, who attempt it will learn their folly
bJ instructive experience. We cannot too
oon adopt an improved system of farming
in this case. There is "gold in the culti
vated grasses." There ia loss, disappoint
ttent and poverty, in reiving npon the wild
S8" for theramhjg of stock. ,
9" Despise nothing because it seems
Resolved, That the Society elect some
tclligence, and that wo are not yet ulto-
tie. W'ttkoa o UUustow I'.ltnctua,
In the Senate of tho United States, on
the 25th January, Senator Wilson deliv
ered on able, instructive and emphatic
speech. A reporter says thut he vindica
ted tho position of the Republican organi
zation us u Uiiioii'piotcctiiig us Weil as
liberty -loving party, while ho charged homo
upon the Democracy the fait thut its lead
ers wero now threatening und plotting the
breaking up of the Confederacy, in the
event of failing to elect tho next President.
This part of his speech wus elaborated with
great cure, presenting copious extracts from
tho harangues of Southern Members of
Congress, in tho Capitol and at their homes,
from lending Southern statesmen out of
Congress, from journals claiming to bo the
organs of opinion in tho slave Stales, nud
from other like sources. These counts in
the indictment, with tho accompanying
proofs, were interspersed with comments
adapted to tho exigency of tho cate. Ma
son, Duvis, Clay, Iverson, Brown, nud
other Senators, from whom he quoted those
"disloyal and revolutionary sentiments,"
paid closo attention to the public prosecu
tor who was arraigning them for treason at
the bar of the country; while Douglas and
and Joo Lime, each of whom affected to
bo writing letters, wero evidently medita
ting upon tho effect which these stinging
extracts from the speeches of their lenders
would have npon tho Northern Democracy,
when read in their hearing next Summer
and Full, with suitable commentaries upon
the text, by thousands of orators, on tens
of thousands of rostrums in ull the free
The reply of Wilson to Cliugmnn's invo
cation to a " bloody struggle'' on tho floor
of Congress, in tho event of the success of
Republicans in 18(50, wus terribly severe.
Clingman was silting directly across the
main aisle from Wilson. The North Caro
lina Senator, never very robust, looks un
sunliy withered and wan and woebegone
this Winter. His Massachusetts antago
nist, always hulo nnd henlthy, never up
penrcd more robust and vigorous than to
day. And when ho "served" his defiant
" notice" upon tho shriveled Southron,
stepping forward a pace or two, and re
minding him who the people of tho North
were, und of their " bloody struggles" ot
Bunker Hill, Saratoga, Chippewa, Lundy's
Lane, ami on the deck of many a ship in
the Second Wur or Independence, and look
ing full in the face of the man-iiiillincr who
hud cast down this glove, "told him that
when the struggle ho had invoked did come,
tho Representatives of this peoplo would
prove worthy of their constituencies, and if
reluctant to enter into tho fight, would be
equally reluctant to leave it till it was fin
ished, and though the lust to go into the
conflict, would bo tho hist to go out of it
with dishonor, nnd though slow to enter
called being a servant? (doulos) cure not j the field of combut would leave it victori-
.v , ......
smtubl.. nerson to deliver on address nt the B" ioi 10 a sense oi propriety,
1 . . . -rt 1 . 1 a. ' i. it 1 '.1
next Stnte Agricultural iair, adapted, to now 10 ine suojcci.
the objects of the Society, ond that hereof- j J i.g the privilege of answer-
ter t he Board or Mnnairers do rcquesica 10 ,.,, . ...
uAn in a iiiiirttfit'tr U'titr
. .. .1.. ji: r '"v " " " uv --v. .servitude,
procure .uuuu.iy u. .u., v. -v.. ,t f .,.., ,, ,,j cxis.
wmrdance with which resolution, J. 1 meanderings and eccentricities. And this
I . I I! -W , ,11 I .- .
l snau uo, uy meeting two general argu
ments which he endeavors to establish; to
wit: 1st " The slavery or servitude of the
Bible, is all of the voluntary character, and
for it, but if thou mnyest be ma te free, use
it the rather." They could not " be made
free" unless they wero then in abject bond
age or slavery. Tho freedom implies the
slavery. Again 1 Tim 6:1. " Let ns many
servants (douloi) ns are " under the yoke''
&c the yoke of absolute bondage (or sin
very) of course. And the best Greek
critics tell us that tho original term (Don
IIUI awt III at'"' I , i. i il 'It
l ... oitl.er a . or a ,rrtl...t ny lime; - tne cnni.ioer as
it is eouallv applicable to both kinds of: tomb. Southerners, on the floor and
ous or baptise it with t)eir blood when
Wilson wus delivering this passage, with
cool, measured tones, and steady niein, and
firm gesture, his finger pointing straight at
the Curoliuiun, and telling him, in conclu
sion, us he slowly stepped back to his chair,
" I sny no more; I owait the issue; I bide
Q. Thornton, tsq., was cnosen to ueiner
the nddre at the first Annual Fair.
The Committee on Certificate, of Mem
bership reported as follows: " Uur Coin-
s.;.,iA Arft afiirm of Certifi-
IIIIIWC, lll IWIIIICU . , . , . , 1 ft .
care of Membership to this Society, have not of the abject kind, and 2 "American
consulted the editor nnd publisher of the slavery is a great and crying sin, & oi
Farmer, and find that he has suitable type, not lo ie l0,raltj
border, etc., we would therefore recom- . , The fifst positio tI)en j. " The all the East at the beginning of the Oos-
mend that the editor or he armer oe , , , nd that gIav of the t ,
and is, hereby requested to publish 500 'u'1 J , t ciaratlw everywhere abounded
suitable Certificates of Membership, and the voluntary character, and not of the J, Ue , ()f
present the bill to the Secretary. abjeei kind." Oirvt, among lioth the civilized nnd the
Report adopted. The caption is, " Slavery not taught in j h,.utjen population. Atheus could boast
On motion, tne comnmiee on ui.a- jne Anu nere we mane mi wuc , h j)est days her twenty thousand
Hence if abject slavery really
in those countries and among
those very people to whom the Epistle
were addressed and at thut particular age;
it affords the most conclusive evidence thut
abject slavery nnd not voluntary servitude
is alluded to by the divine writer. And
that this is the true state of the case, the
faithful page of history supplies the most
uneouivocal evidence. It is a well known
fact to all mere smatterers in history, that
the Roman government extended through
the galleries, w ho, till then, had been chat
ting rather noisily, were riveted with the
spectacle. Doubtless, visions of Cromwell
and his Ironsidts, routing the chivalry at
Edgebill;of Puritan Miles Stnudish and
his men, leaning on their firelocks, while
Brewster preached to the Pilgrims on Ply
mouth Mound; of Old Put at Bunker Hill,
and Stark nt Bennington; of Negro Nat
Turner, driving Virginia iu a panic before
him, and crazy John Brown, with
seventeen men, filling the whole South with
a frenzy of terror flitted in shadows before
When Oen. Wilson had finished, Jeff.
Davis took occasion to qualify his disunion
position with ull the "ifs" of old Tonch
ntnrtp while Climrmnn stammered out a
tion was instructed to procure the printing right at the outset. For we find among ,freMncn aild ),er four hundred thousand ' feeble explanation of his "bloody struggle"
of 500 copies of the Constitution of the So- the institutions of Moses, a system of slave. : ,,aTM or twenfy thousand slaves to each invocation, thus proving, W, that Wil
ciety and the proceedings of this Conven- jj j the aluolut sense, arranged, and di- frceman. And it is said of Rome too that son's broadside had bit them U-tween wind
tion. rectly taught in the Bible. ,a dilJ: some of her citizens for mere ostentation I and water, and, teeond, that ambitious
On motion, the delegates reprcsentinj tinctly recognized and treated of as all had from ten to twenty thommnd slaves i Bout hern statesmen dread the effect of their
the " Oregon Fruit Growers' Association, oti,er c; customs are, and never probib-, Amj tlje miiU.Tt UD(jer tlo protection ' d.uwoa tirades apoa the Northern Detnoo
sTJa! i of the Uws comets compM, control of.W
It has already been announced thro' tho
country that Mr. Pennington was elected
Speuker oil tho first ol February. Tho
House bad been in n disordered state for
two months. The Republicans hud ex
pected, as In the case of Cobb und Banks,
thut when it wus ascertained thut a Shak
er could not bo elected by a majority, the
plurality rule would be adopted. But af
ter tho disclosure of the fact that forty or
fifty members hud conspired to prevent
such a result, pledging themselves iu wri
ting to resist, until the close of this Con
grew, and by every species of purliameut
ury tactics and strategy, first a vote npon
tho question or adopting that rule; secondly,
the adoption of tho rule; thirdly, an elec
tion under that rule, and fourthly, tho oc
cupation of the chair by any gentleman
elected in pursuance of that rule when it
wa knowu that such a conspiracy had bten
organized, and wus controlled by the most
desperate of tho firo-cating Democracy,
then it became apparent that if tho present
Houso was organized at all, it must be by
tho election of a Spcukcr who should have,
on tho decisivo ballot, an absolute majority
of ull the votes cast.
This conspiracy was disheartening to the
Republicans, as well as to the country.
1 1 exhibited the fact that the Democratic
purty wus determined to prevent the elec
tion of a Republican Speaker even at the
hazurd of disorganizing the government for
the whole Congressional term. To meet the
case, they changed their candidate, under
which chnngo II. Winter Davis, of Mary
land, and Mr. Briggs, of New York,
pledged themselves that they would givo
him their votes whenever these could elect
him. When the iiuine of Mr. Davis was
called, his clear ringing voice gave out tiie
name. " Pennington." As if by magic, floor
and gallery unswered with eutliusiustio
cheers. "Thnnk God!" said hundreds of
hearts, " there is one courageous Repre
sentative from the South." A slight biss
skimmed along the servile sido of the gal
leries. In spite of tho gavel of the Clerk,
and shouts of " Order!" it was drowned by
a gigantic wavo of applause. And then
the call was resumed, and drugged its
weary length along, its tedious march be
ing frequently arrested by "personal ex- .
phiuiitions," and the giving of reasons why
Democratic gentlemen did vote for Mr.
Smith yesterday, and did not voto for Mr.
McClernnnd to-day; or why they, being
advocates of a slave code, could consent to
tolerate a candidate living uorth of the
the Potomnc, whoso chief merit in their
eyes seemed to consist In his not standing
the slightest chance of an election; with
much more that shows how ignomiuiously
the Southern disiiuionists dared to use, nnd
how heurtily they despised their Northern
allies. At length the Clerk approached
the name of Jetur R. Riggs. On with
drawing his vote from Pennington the day
before ho had declared ho would give it to
him whenever it would elevate him to tho
chair. II. Winter Davis, by his manly In
dependence, had put it in his power to re
deem that pledge. As the Clerk rung out
his name, the hum of voices in the chum
Iter sunk into silence. Every cyo wns riv
eted, every car bent, on Riggs. The re
sponse, " McCIernand," uttered iu a feeble
tone, elicited commentaries from floor,
Clerk's tuble, reporters' desk, and miscel
laneous galleries, not at all complimentary
to tho man who happens to represent the
district in New Jersey which adjoins that of
William Pennington. As for tho writer,
following the advice of Dr. Slop, " ho
could not find it iu his heart to curse the
devil so." Thus ended Tuesday's proceed
ings; Penuiiigtou lucking ono voto of au
On the morning of the 1st February, the
members were early in their seats. Pre
parations were made for tuking the forty
fourth voto. The cull of the members pro
ceeded. The Republicans stood face to
face with their disunion adversaries. It
was expected that Briggs would redeem
his pledge. The tally disclosed tho follow
Whole number present, 233
Necessary to a choico 1 't
Peuningtoii ., x nu
And now Briggs arose,. Being one of
the tellers, he stood in '."no Clerk's desk, and
commenced to siieo, Xa audible " hush !"
swept over the, yast crowd. In a few sen
sible remaps he gave his reasons for chang
ing from McCIernand to Peunington. This
re.rtde np the requisite 117. A generous
round of applause greeted him as he re
sumed his seat.
The tellers reported to the Clerk, and;
the Clerk announced to the House: " Tha
tellers rejiort that the whole number of
of votes cast is 233. Necessary to a choice
117. William Peunington, of New Jersey,
has received that number, and is therefore
duly elacted Speaker of the XXXVItb
Corajresi!" A wild shout leaped from floor