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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View This Issue
W. I A 01 Mi, SUITOB 4N0 MOrMIKTOl.
SATl'ItDAV, MAY 2, 1857.
from examining into the validity of those
" charters," - licenses" and leases," and
sweeping tlie Hudson Bay Company from
tho North Amorican Continent that is,
if lbs British Government feels like it.
Cold Regions Extk.ipi.no. It is well
known as a matter of history, that when
tV I. W. Cmu I authoruoj to do any but. Greenland was first discovered it notsessed a
incm eenarcitu wuu ine amm umce durinir mv mn, h mm nnar mala linn H 4ua at nri.
ilta. ' '' l' r 1I11UU .... rri I. - I . 1 ... .!:
. . M nt'..,t.7. . I Bill. J J0 ICB-ntOKe IIKVO OUPII VAICIIUIIItf
outh from the polar regions for some cen-
MnSioa't May (.naps ay, turics and the north-east coasts of our con.
An Interesting debate in the British tinont are much coldor than they were
three centuries sco. The cause of (his is
not known. Scitntijte American,
In the debate in Parliament Feb. 0th,
Mr. Roebuck, in speaking of the British
positions in North America, used the
following language :
"When it was said that much of this
.'arliainent of Feb. fith ia in the London
Times, upon a motion to appoint a com
tnillte to enquire into the validity of the
charter granted to tho Hudson's Day Com
pany by Charles II. in 1070, securing to
them a claim to that portion of Uriiiah
America lying on iiu.isoue uny anu im jiilr,c, WB. notfi, for hurnan hahitation.it
inouiary streams, as also me poucy oi re. ,(IOU,j be remembored that France and
newing the ltoyal license granted about I fiaul were once, in point of climate, what
nineteen years ago, possessing this com- Canada was now. ir they turned to to
pany with the right of prosecuting the l,h of G.ib" would ,h,t
' , . .. . , . the Danube and Rhine wero yearly frozen
fur trade over lLo vast district, west of the 0W nJ Lt Ga(J, duri ' ,hRom
Kocky mountains, known as umuu Ure- dominion had the same inclemency of cli
gon. ibis license expires In I SOU, and the I mate.
directors of tho Hudson's Bay Company It will be seen by the above extracts
having made application for a renewal of I that while Gaul, which, during tbe Roman
the license, the whole question embracing dominion, suffered a rigorous climate, has
the validity of the Company's old chart, now a much milder temperature, that ef
cr, the policy of the Company's adiuinis. Greenland, which formerly was compare
Ural ion under that charier, as also the ex. lively mild is new extremely rigorous.
gtedioncy of renewing tho 1 loyal liconse the Scientific American is mistaken when
uforesaid, was brought before the House it supposes the cold regions are "expanding,"
of Commons, and after an interesting do- if by "extending" it means expanding
bate, was, upon motion of Mr. Labouch-1 for what it gains on tho west it loses on
re, referred to a select committee. The I the east. Ita supposed "expansion" south
(enure by which the Hudson's Bay Com is only on or adjacent to the meridian of
jany holds Vancouver's Island, which longitude which bisects the magnetic pole.
differs from both of the other two, is also a I All of our renders are probably aware that
matter for tho action of tho committee. the magnetic pole is not identical with the
This ten uro consists of a lease of tho I North polo. TLe former is at present sit
Island granted to tho Company by Lord uate at a point in north latitude about OS,
Grey, Secretary of State for the colonics, and longitude 80 degrees west of Green
which lease was to expire in eleven years, wich. This point is not fixed like the
but terminable by giving a year's notice; North polo, but is slowly revolving round
necessarily terminable in 1859. During the earth from east to west ; hence the line
the debate it was urged by distinguished of no variation is constantly changing,
members that it was desirable British In process of time, Oregon (at the mouth
North America should hear that prepon- of the Columbia), which now has a varia'
dcranco in fact which it bore on the map. tion of nineteen and a half degrees, will
It was for the " interest of humanity that be upon the line of no variation; or, in
great nation should be created upon the other words, aline drawn directly from
British soil of North America, to check the here to the North Tolo will bisect the mag
predominance of (lie United States." The netic polo. This magnetic pole is suppo.
rights of a small company like this ought sed to be a concentration of electrical in
not to stand in the way of the rights of fluence far in the regions of the North,
humanity, and it mattered little as to the which is slowly but constantly moving
validity or invalidity of a charter which westward in its underground orbit or path
stood in the way of doing a " great work The reason of this concentration of elec
for humanity" by creating through colo- trical influonce, and the laws that govern
nidation a great nation to check tho United Us motion, are yet beyond the ken of phi
Stales. It seemed, however, to be the losophicnl vision, as also many of the in
general opinion that tho charter was inval- fluenccs it probably exerts on mon, ani
dd, and ought to bo so decided by the mals, and plants. Thnt it has a remarkablu
'courts. But even admitting the validity influence on the weather, is beyond a doubt,
of the old charter, it was argued that tho nnd that the greatest intensity of cold will
Company had viuluted it, and forfeited all always be found on the line ef no varia
rights under it, by neglecting to comply tion, and constantly moving westward
with its express provisions in not acting with it, we believe is equally certain.
as Trustees for tho Crown in promoting Hence, lu the course of ages, Oregon,
colonization, and introducing religion which now enjoys an Italian climate, may
among the Indians, which tho charter re- expect to suffer the rigors of winter in all
quires them to do. Instead of building the severity at present felt by Michigan
up colonies upon Vancouver's Inland, a and perhaps Canada while those regions
country rich iu resources to foster settle- will at that time probably enjoy a much
tucnts, they had kept it locked up, and modified tempcralurd,
only endeavored to inorease the number of
jr Thore was a horse case tried in
court this week, the history ef which may
prove of some interest to aucb as are in
the habit of borrowing. Bobbins tor
rowed a fine mare apparently in good
health of Hayos to ride to Chehalem val
ley. Upon returuing the animal, she was
sick, and died in a few days afterward.
The lender sued the borrower for the price
of the animal, alleging that the sickness
and death were caused by some im
proper treatment of the animal while in
the possession of the defendant. It was
decided that it was only necessary for the
plaintiff to show tnat the nag was well
when be loaned it and sick when it was
returned, to make out a presumptive case
of improper usage on the part of the de
fondant. It then devolved upon the do.
fondant to show that (he animal had re.
ceived proper treatment while in his pos
session. Witnesses were called, who clearly
exculpated the defendant of such charge,
except perhaps in one instance. This was
where defendant in stopping for the night
committed the feeding of the mnre to a
boy, instead of attending to her himself.
The presumption from circumstantial evi
dence was (although not clearly proven)
that the boy through mistake fed the mare
sheaf wheat instead of oats, whioh dis
eased her so as finally to produce death.
The court instructed the jury that the
defendant borrowing the animal as a mat
tor of accommodation, was bound to take
extra care of it, and if injury resulted to
from abuse, improper feeding or watering,
or even the slightest neglect by way of
trusting it te the care of others, when
was his business to see to it himself, be was
liable for all damages. The jury, thiukin
that the mare was probably injured by
eating sheaf wheat fed to her by the boy
who had been entrusted with her, found
verdict of 225 and costs for the plaintiff.
Bo careful how you use "borrowed
wildnnimiils. The policy of the Company
in their intercourse with the Indian tribes
was severely commented upon, as furnish.
Jng many instances of injustice aud barbar.
ism disgraceful to civilized nations.
We have taken pains to give this much
of the history of a debate relating to a
tW Ben Stark, who has long been the
butt of ridicule for the clique organ, has
gone ovor to the locofocos, and received a
certificate of his entire absolution from
former sins by way of a nomination for of
fice. Thcso "old lino Wbis." whatever
their other qualifications, prido themselves
J3T The Prohibitionist, a monthly tern
peranoe paper, is published at Albany N
i., anno iow price or urty cents a year,
It is a large paper, ably conducted, and de
voted expressly to the temperance cause,
The head of every family in Oregon is
able and ought to take this paper for th
benefit of his children, if for nothing else
A temperance man might do iucalculuble
&ood by taking this paper, and, after it is
read m the family, loaning it to his nei"h
bors who are yet opposed to prohibition
through a want of information. By this
means a few half dollars, which would
never be missed, might do much good.
Lvery drinking man who has children
ought to take it for their use, as we can
not believe that '.hero is scarcely a single
drunkard who is so debased that he would
not prefer to have his children grow up
temperate and respectable, rather than see
I hem following in his own bad example.
The Prohibitionist then is just the paper
that ought to be in every household, nnd
can bo had for fifty cents a year, directed
to 0. Scovill, Albany, N. Y.
1ST We learn from our old friend jTE?
Murphy that it is in contemplation to
build up an orphan school in connection
with Iho institution now in operation at
on bninrr irnnfl finn nr. !. an.l
company the hUtory of which w ill prove tIirv ' T' " ' '
as iitcrrsling to us perhaps aa any other . " . '.
. . 1 ' ' lucr solemn conviction that t w "nan out."
-people, tor the purpose of placing mforma- lIt!)ce it is ... . . .
tion before our readers which has hitherto
been beyond the roach of most of them.
As to the policy of tho Hudson's Bay
Company east of the Rocky mountains in
reference to t he Indians, we kuow noth
ing, and ull we know of tho samo in Brit
isl) Oregon, we have learned fiom Dr.
MoLoughliu, who, fur many years was
Chief Factor to tho Company. Judging
from his history of the past, and tho senti
ments and views he now cherishes as very
sacred, wo should be inclined to the opin
ion that the poor Indian has had Utile
cause to complain of hnrsh treatment un
der hit administration. Ho would bo more
apt to kill him wi:h kindness than with
Wo fear that the fond hopes cherished
by the learned members of Parliament,
of building up a "great nation" on Van-
couver's Island and the other territory of
Uritibh Oregon, will never be realized.
The climate is propitious enough, but the
(oil will not admit of it. Even Vancou
ver's Uland, which is said to bo the cream
of tho whole, is represented to be little
else than swamps and barren rocky ridges,
with an occasional small spot of arable
land. North of this, as far as the compa
ny have explored, tho const is iron-bound,
with a country back partaking of tho gen
eral features of tho llaad already spoken
of. At least we are authorized by Dr. Mo
Lougldin iu making these represeatations.
These being the facts, the learned mem
bers of Parliament may dismiss all their
pleasant anticipations of a " groat nation"
springing up as our neighbors, to " check
the predominance of the United States,"
and the Americans have little cause to
tremble at the prospective sprouting up ef
such a terrible horn of power on this re
mote rump of John Bull.
AVe hope nothing we hare said, Low-
rer, will deter the BiiiUS govrromeul J See advertisement
Territory is to day pretty much ruled by
renegade Whigs, who rule with rigor, upon
the same principle that an apostate aboli
tionist, when installed as overseer on a
Southern plantation, is said to "cut up
the niggers desperate."
We congratulate them upon every now
accossion to their herd of an "old line
Whig," although they are pretty welli
stocked nlreaily with that kind of "short
horns," many of which we believe are re-
puled among ambitious locos (as " Uncle
tale says) to "give rather thin milk."
0 5" A company of men in Eugeue City,
we beliovo, in connection with the present
owners of the J. Clinton, are about to put
up a now boat at Canemah for the Eugene
City trade. The Clinton we believe is the
only boat that has ever made the trip to
Eugene City, and demonstrated the prac-
ticability of shipping from that point
The Clinton is a fine beat, and is becom
ing such a favorite with the public as to
secure to her a vory liberal patronage, a',
though she had considerable difficulty at
first in squeezing her nose into the trade on
account of competition.
CCpt. Len. White has charge of the
" Minnie Holmes" at present, and is run-
ning her on the up river trade. The
Captain ia popular, and makes a boat pay
if anybody can. Ia this case his boat has
the advantage of a name, which ought to
give it popularity, if nothing else will.
feS Munn and Bowen advertise in the
Seniinel that they are now barnins lime
of a superior quality at a quarry which has
recently loen discovered at Sterling, in
OCT Those machioee of Wm. C. De
ment & Co. 'a have arrived, beside a lot of
implements suited to the farmers generally.
jntnouiL The plan by which it is pro
posed (o eudow it we have not learned, but
we believe it is fmeudsd to bo done ."S?ln
ly by subscription. The institution al
ready at Monmouth, is now a permanent
arrangement, and bids fair under the man
agement and fostering care of the excellent
citizens in its vicinity to grow up with the
country, so as to keep pace with the wants
of the rising generation in that vicinity.
The time will come when the orphan
school will be needed in Oregon, where
such youth of both sexes may be cared for
and educatod, who have none to look after
their interests. Our friends at Monmouth
are taking time by the forelock, and we
hope in tho course of a few years, previs
ions will bo made for opening this depart
ment of the institution. We learn that
Elders J. E. Murphy and A. R. Elder are to
canvass the country for donations.
itkf It was t'rauklin who said that the
sound of your hammer at five in the morn
ingor at nine in the evening makes your
creditor easy for six months longer: but i
he sees you at the gaining table, or heara
your voice at the tavern, he sends for his
money next day. There is nothing truer
than this. 1 he man who hangs around a
grog shop or gaming-table, is seldom good
for what he owes. Thoro are a few such
in this country, who are loo poor to pay
their honest debts, and are yet able to
raise money enough to pay for their liquor,
and rattle a little at the moute table. Such
men are neither respected by respectable
people, nor even by one another.
Orrgoa uty VUvcrslty.
ny rcicrence to advertisement it will be
seen that ibis Institution will resume op.
erauouson Monday next, under the super
intendenee of the highly popular teachers
wno nave hitherto conducted it with so
jtaTWe have been requested to re
publish the appointment for meetings
which we published last September. They
are as follows :
tV We ace by the Jacksonville Sent!
nel that the people are getting quite blood
thirsty out there. On th Oth ult. Job
Smith was shot by Thomas Kelly on
Evans Creek. Kelly says he killed Smith
in self-defence, and did not (ire upon Smith
until he bad fired talc at him (Kelly).
Those io the vicinity of the adVay doubt
the story, as they only heard one shot, and
that was followed instantly by the shriek
of a man in distress.
On Wednesday night, pito was heard
on the left fork ef Jackson creek, fullowe
by shrieks, and the next morning a man
was missing. On Thursday night, on the
same creek, Isaae Tubb went to the khan
ty of John Wasmulh, and calling him a
"bloody rascal," plunged a knife into hii
left breasj, and luracd the knife before he
drew it out. Wasinuth was supposed to
be mortally wounded, although some hopes
were entertained of hi recovery. Tubb
was taken into custody.
On the 10th ult. one Helm assaulted
and stabbed Reuben Reed, on the race
course, near Jacksonville. Helm fled to
On the 1 1th ult. Piobert Patterson was
murdered by one Vincent Cunningham, in
Illinois valley. Cunningham went to the
house where Patterson was stopping, and
called him out, when he stabbed him sev
eral time with abowie knifo. They had
previous to this had some difficulty. Cun
nlgham fled. The Sheriff of Josephine
county offers a reward of $."00 for him.
He is said to be 28 year old, five feet and
ten or eleven inches high, weighs about
170 lbs, has light curly hair, small grey
eyes, and hat had tho point of hit noso
03" The locofocos in Multnomah coun.
ty have brought out the following ticket :
Delegates to State Convention W. II.
Farrar, S. J. McCormick, and Benj. Stark
Representative A. E. Riddle; Sheriff,
Wm. McMillen; Auditor, S. Norria;
Treasurer, L. M. Starr; Assessor, T. G.
Robinson ; County Commissioner, J. G.
Lysle ; Coroner, Dr. Copies ; Public Ad
ministrator, R. P. Wilmot.
03" Harris brothers aro now ensajjed
in the pottery business near Canemah, and
have just opened a kiln containing almost
all kinds of ware. The clay atlhat point
is said not to be suitable for stnno ware,
but they will make attempts to discover
such as will be, somewhere in the couniry.
03" The Iloosieris now making regular
trips to Lafayette. She seems to be tho
mainstay of that trade. Wo learn that
her present owners intend to rig her up
with new machinery, when she will be an
excellent boat for the Yamhill trade.
03" The last Standard intimtitos that it
is preparing to haul down Jo Lane from
Leland says he addressed Jo a letter en-'
quiring aa to his swallowing the Salem
programme. Jo replied that he " tuck the
whole of it."
and only daughter coimiderablo slave 03" "Ainelyne," tho subitituie ' terTito-
property. Among tueso slave wa Urea njiurm, ior me prevention of uain in-...
Scotland his family, and at Dr. Emerson, If'ZT.TT' Pi?Ti,e", f cc"n into'
. .. . j...r general practice. It ia aaid that unJ.. i..
Ill Hie pcriormanco w ins nfluenca It.a li......ll.illln ",T . " '
n.nn tn it tr.S. Armv. Lad carried this U.nt -l.iu I.. ....... .." ,n fr-
bv" " nuuaiiieuo eitect are olf
family iuto Illinois, they, on hit death, shorter duration than those of chloroform.
claimed their freedom, aud brought o tuit fri), n ,u.a.,: 7T,
.,.. ,. an. ... . .i.... i. "... u .... Vt- Ure' ,he d'"g'iihed autho.f
lo uniDrcfl ii. Aiiia BUii iuui vivui:ui n .i .
defended by the administrator of tho es- " Z Zltl "
n hl.ir mnA oilh I li a consent of. I hp I . . ... ' v" "OnOi
"" """""l ' ' " JM1 . Bd. Son. I HII vhh
wife of Dr. Chaffoe and her daughlor, who
were the heir at law. ine aeciion ot .iBuir iu local 0f (h
the Bench that Dred Scott was not a citl- L-ynctiUurgh Mrglnian publishes thefol.
zen of the United Stales, and could not lowing, and says he has tried it tod foun)j
sua in the U. S. Court ha, remanded him it to be a good remedy :
and hi. family to the chaliclhood of Mrs. 1 "f 'Inia ,n th8 1, procure a
Cham..,. ::r, "i " .n are
tvnstruuieu woman insid
Rtporit Traa.feref tke XrwfovaAUa " """u I'""" part affeetsd.
Vt.ucries to Vraace. T"' V,u -ri'""" J me pa.n ceaus.
I I Ilia I l-i M Mlinli ik. Ji . f "
St Joins, X. '., Xarck 0 A-Th. .d- fuy -lZ
vicos brought by the last English mail to fail in affecting a cure. The medWn.1
.1.. -IT . .1... .1. T. I. r, ............ I r..,.l ! .1 . 1 i .. '
uis vueui ma i. mo r.ngiisii uovcrnmeni 'uu"u varj iiousenoiu, and ma
I... I .......I !... .!.- .. -.I. t. OOsiiLlvcnsI a trifln.
uau i-mvrcu iiiiu a von vciiuun wim i ranee '
In ,.n.f... . .I.ul .1.. V. f.... .!! J " '
"' I'vci in. i;iiuuuuiiiiiu To w, volern or l'.l,v.... .,.
fisheries, created intense excitcmeut here. At ins request of many of my tliow.citii'
A n.r.l r.t .ii n I oIKr mvMlf u an iuilaneodent einHij... i f'
" b-."J, w. v..ti n. u.li- f..m.lil..l .n.l Pn...l.: "" ""!
cd. On the day of ike meeting, all the 1 rwpecifully auk tho support of til h .v l
stares, shnm nn.l uln. nf hn.in... ..r. 11,4 "e above more politics, and tl ...,.. J?
i i n.i r. . . i . Demociallo fellow-ciliuiM as may be '
closed. The Biilish flae everywhere was as to allow Hint on of th. Kv. a.i.." V"!
half-mast, union down, and in tome places c0"!"yJ""Vfely Wld fa'r,y 64 en from the"
I.. I.I..L n I -! . .1 n i .. -" " "" 1T me purpose of fr...
iu Uinia. ii8 niu i.oieicu. iun resuu oi lug tn luelrurocul, which u to be Uienfegtuni sod
the meeting was a determination that the P'olclio of people, sud not of a ptrtr
...... " elected, I will uae my beet abililiN la t'
wrong to our peoplo shall not be perpelra- forming conetituiion wurtliv of t ft. iniTTi.' ?
ted. The Legislature and commercial end prop Slat. A.HuuiRooK.
I: I., r. v V '0J-
vswaoto ie ai-llUJIlg pVUUUUB IU Hl WUt'GIl, I
......... 6 I announce myself to the people of U'..k
proicsi against tno menure. coiiniy is to independent ctnd rf.te r n.u!'.
W. r, . ! ,t.O.T.e,,,'!i01n ? fn,m! Cou.tilu.ioU .
uvbv tiuuinua nr.An uuiis oay, am uvuiucuiv iu loror oi a lree eonftituii..n c
we learn Trom Capt. Hoeg, or tho barque ,T - T- . "kbly.
tin -ii .. . 1? J Oregonian, Tunes, and Standard, ple.e-coor
Mallory, arrived last night from Cooa Bav, and I will settle charges. r ,77'
that now river diggings have been discov-
ered nl Flora Creek and at the two forks
of the Coquill, about thirty miles from
Cooa Bay. Several claims that have been
worked have yielded as high as 81,000 in
two weeks ; claims only prospected have
sold from $1,000 lo $2,000. There were
four or five hundred miners at work. The
bars on the river at the present time are
covered wiih water. . It wa expected
Th. annual meeting of the Oregoa Aurilitry
Tract fcociely will be held at Oregoo City m
Thunklty, Mty 14ili, at 10 o'clock a.m.
t. Atsiiwon, See'y.
The annua! mectinir of Hie On rrmi nn.1. o.
ciely will bo liekl at Oregon City th second
1? cuiirwinj 111 .uuy orxi.
April ia. Vahiel DAoi.sr, See'y.
The fonrlh nnniveniary of the Orrimn T.m...
,i ii . . I AM..i.ii.n ;n i.. 1...1.1 r
mey wou.u soon oe ury, when a gr.at tu "d,,wTh. Vo i. h r m.. .. iniV 7 '
...u 1 n... , - '"I ..
tuouj minds wouiu wave voos oay ior l April IB. o. DicamiuN, See'y.
ine atggings. Alia vol.
03" A bill
03" The " democrats" of Marion have
nominated the following persons as Dele
gates to the Constitutional Convention :
G. II. Williams, L. F. Grover, Joseph
Cox, Davis Shannon, N. Shrum, Richard
Miller, R. C. Geer.
For Councilman Edward Shiel. Rep.
resenlntives Jacob Woodaides, Geo. M.
tV Wo beliovo Mr. Cook in Bu'ftoville
is one of tho very best harness makers in
03" Tho miners in all the Rogue River
diggings are said lo be doing well.
03" The District Court has been in sos-
sion in this city during the week.
03" The weather has been so dry for
month that rain is needed very much.
lino naeafwl Ka T Tahka nf I
RenresentaliiM of M.rl,..ii- nl.l..l. I i:i..L. u T.!.. i. ' Y...'rBtr
. . oii..ii.i, ujr . j'Ullunr, JUKJ Hit AUU)
provides that no person shall bo difnuali- l-"",ALI-' "" Uotton, both of Marion,
ed as a witness on account of religious nTT.n,
belief or the absence thoreof: that evi.
-lence of a witness' disbelief in the exist- V?'!: '3
ence of a God may be received to affect Valley, Polk county, Oregon. The deceased was
tho credibility of testimony ; and that the TJlJ "S .
evidence of an atheist shall bo taken un- coiwtituliou, and, a short time belore her drill..
der his solemn affirmation, subject to tho few ,f Ti" hld. fir P"!"" of health tnd
. .... J lUD ItnRlhof days; but, site! she was cut dowa is t
I'ouis aim pi-nan les or perjury. nower, leaving her bereaved husband ami a hrg
I " circ,e of eniletred friend to rnuurn their impart-
fr Tl.. l..n. Hal. !t.l. ! .1 n i 1. 1 i-i i -i . . . ..... r
v-v iiu i.i iy jnuiiioiiiiig toe uanKS oi i " uui id mo miunoi tneir berenrement
tho DialrictofC.ilnnil.it frnmiic mll 'bey have the confo!ation to know that the hid
o " ' not ilererred her eternal mlcrett to hor dying dty,
notes was Molated lately in a peculiar way. but had early chorea that rntdmrt which lb
A Washincton correspondent rf tlm lT,.r. r".d b.".nB,lf oro'l'l ' f oU, and ii
, , ., .p, , " ll iiouw not be taken away from her. Her suf.
alU says : I no banks of tho District feng were ery severe, but t it bore them with
were increased on Sundav last. unl..r iK h",na patience; 1 of repining fell from
.... ' I tier lips, ahe relumed her reaennlbroeglMUt, and
-un-to ui mo mujrui opeaKcr uatiKSWUO liereoii to near the last. . ith Irong d
ushered one into existence, issuing small ' "'"ain with her cliildrei., the epok. calmly
" ",u" of her appruacliing death, tnd her confidence thtl
.vi-o iii vu-uiuiiwc iu iuq inncr law.
llio Lord would lako her home. Her last word
were to her hmbund a few moments before her
death: ''O, my dearest, my drawl beleted chil
dren! do take care of them: won't ToaT" Oa
receiving tho tMurance that be wonld,she seemed
Mill Creek Commencing Thursday be
fore the fourth Sunday in June; Silver
Creek Thursday before the third Sunday
in June; Heasant Hill, Lane county
Thursday Ufore the fourth Sunday in
June ; McMinville Thursday before the
KCoud Sunday in October.
03" Chief Justice Taney has given the
ecision of the majority of the Judges of
the Supreme Court in the Dred Scott case :
The opinion of Chief Justice Tanev an.
pears to embrace the fundamental noinLo
that slaves are strictly property, and can.
not be excluded from the territories either
by Congress or by the peonlo thereof: thnt
me negro is not a citizen oftht rm.,1
stales ; and that the fact of a slave be
mg voluntarily carried into a free State by
his master does not make him free. This
decision wipes out at a single dash a score
oi L-ongressional enactments. The com
promises ot 1350 and 1820 the ordi
nance of 1787 the conditions of admiss'
ion into the Union made in the cases of In.
diana, Ohio and Illinois the legislation
uu rcgaru w tue slave trade the condi
tions made upon the Louisiana purchase,
and Iho PA..I.,.. . i -. j .r. ' . '
t pwseu i umerent times
by Congress, are all virtually decided to
uu huh anu voui. i ne past is unsettled.
and a 1.' 1
-uU . i,cw poilcy o, government inaugu-
...cu, wuil-ii auempis lo subvert the Con
alit.iflsin .n.l a..L:-L I .. .
h.i.uiivh, anu wmcn legalizes slavery
. ...icis iu uio iin on I lh I his ha
cision is in direct opoosition to ih inion
tion of the frameis of the
and that it is contradictory to the past
cguiauou s1 congress, aua to the opin
ions of the Supreme Court ran Ik iJamlw
Dred Scott Owxkd by a Republicix
Member of Congress. We yesterday
mentioned a report that by the decision of
the United States Supreme Court, Dred
Scott and his family became tho oronartv
a" T sm . n ... .
J-'r.vnanea.iBeuepuUIican Member of
Congress from the Springfield (Mass.)
district. The Springfield Areu, relatP,
the facts in the case as follows: Some
years since, Dr. Chaffee, then a widower,
married the widow of Dr. Emerson, cf
Missouri, who had died leaving his wife
A Planet i.x Danger of a Dklcge.
In a recently issued work, enthled "The
.theory of the Creation and Deluge," it is easy, brtatliing shorter and ikoflcrfora few mis
stated that it is probablo the rinas which ""I; "',en pa8?.e11 'wa'' like. ou" flliu8 in'4 ?
1 inijjj mnwi gentle sleep, without a struggle or a gruaaj. 0,
-u,.UUt.u uaiuiu us coiuposeo oi nter, I w men we ten ine torce and betaty of toots unet,
snow or ice, which, at soino future lime, ' Jeans can make a dying bed
mnv ji. .1... f col sol i as downy pillows are." a. a.
... p,, Wieconeln paper, please copy.
" w...jj-.. ... mu unjavi lio.lll. Jt
would now appear thnt such an event is I WTotlc.
;;!:?lv lo lako plnco sooner than was antic- THE yExr TERM of Jh
..n. r.. moil of
i,,a., .o. ,WSiL-r BaS ui.i loREQOH CITY V If IV E It 8 ITT
Mr. Ot!o S!ruv6 and Mr. I'ona have lately
studied with the great Munich telescopf,
at tho observatory of Tulkown, the ii'rd
ring of Saturn, Mr. Lanettoand Mr. Bond
discovered to be fluid j and that these as
tronomers ore of opinion that this fluid ring
is not of very recent formation ; that it is
not subject lo rapid change ; and they have
come to tno extraordinary conclusion that
the inner border of tho ring has, since the
timeoflluygens, been gradually npnroach
ing !o the body of Sal urn, and thnt we
may expect sooner or later, perhaps in
some dozen ofyears to see the rings united
with the body of the planet. Saturn would
then be deluged, nnd his wicked inhabitants,
if he have any, be cut off, as the wicked
"sons of men" were iu the time of Noah.
Wonder if the philosophers can ascertain
whether there is any oah there building
an Ark 1 What would we not give for
lines of telegraph from tho earth to the oth
er planets! Columbus Enquirer.
03" The democrats of Missouri have
nominated Col. Robert M. Stewart, of
uuunanan couniy, ior Uovernor, to fill the
vacancy caused by the election of Gov
rolk to the U. S. Senate. Col. Stn
i resident ot the Hannibal and St. Joseph
03" Death's clock ticks once in seven
teen minutes in New York city a soul
passing to eternity with that average fre
quency, as calculated by the bills of mor
03" There have been collected in P.n.
rope twenty thousand specimens of insects
which prey upon wheat.
03" One moment! what an effect it
produces upon years! One moment'
virtue, crime, shame, glory, woe, rapture,
rest upon it! Death itself js but a mo
ment, yet eternity is its successor.
03" The heart is a cud whiMi i ri
till it overflows. Wa have nrnMn, .
joy till e have something to impart. lie
wno is not a reservoir, but a
will commence on
MONDAY, THE 4TH OT SIM, IXiT., .
under the direction of
Ma. JOIIXSOtf & M,ss JULIA JOllNSOJf.
W. C Johnson,
May 2, 18.-)7-3w3 ' See. Board ef Trmlee
Tor San Francisco.
rniiE p. m. s. s. co.'s steamship
W. L. Dall, Commander,
Will leave Portland for tho above port ea
the 9th of MAY.
The price of freight will be $5 per ton Pas
sage in Cabin $30; iu Steerage $1U.
Apply to the Captain on board, or to
LEONARD & GREEN,
May3, 1657-3w2 Portland.
To Produce Shippers.
milE fajt-tailing CLIPPER BARK
Will load with PRODUCE for SanFrtnciteeea
her arrival. Freight $8 per toe. Apply te lbs
Captain on board, or to
JMay3,1857. GEO. ABERNETIIY CW
XE GROVER Sl BAKER SEWINO
J MACHINE Apply to
May 2, !S57-3w3
PURSUANT to authority given te as by M.
M. McCarver, tad Julia A. McCtrrer, hi
wife, in t deed of mortrraire dated Nov. 2d. 1853,
we ahall sell by public auction oa SATURDAY,
the 30th day of MAY next, at 10 o'clock a. n,
at the office of A. Holbrook, in Omron City, Ibtt
part of the land claim of said MeCtrrer wbiek is
described at follows, to wit: Beginning oa tbe
easterly line of said claim one half a mil ffn
the north -eaat corner of the lane between stM
cltirn and the claim of 8. S. White, thence aleaf
said lane southerly one half mile, thence wetter)
at right angles with said lane one half mile, ta4
northerly parallel with eaid tare act bait' avK
thence easterly one half wilt to, lbs D)ce of bti
The said land wu mortgaged t o U asean)
the navmaiit of ftl.4S7J)a with interest at tt P
cent, per tonum, tnd it te be told fer aoa-paysMB
of a portioa of mi ram when it beouas d-"
The title tc tbe same it perfect. .
Terms oi sale, CASH.
and MATTHIAS SWEAGLE. Jr,
By Aaoiy Holhook, their AfcT
Oregon City, April 27, 1857. ' 3
r OOO bitck tnd (im TBA, at
KJ VHOl UUTU as. wa ii
LADIES' anJ ecnla' Ktf Gf.OVES.