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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 8, 1855)
wiic .ulvwiv annua
rVSUSMID ETSSV MTUDAT MOSK1K0,
BY WILLIAM L. ADAMS.
Office-Good's Building, Main st. Edito
' " . ,' rial Room in first story.
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No paper discontinued until all arrearages
art paid, Unless at th option of the publisher.
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" two Insertions, $1,00.
i " tliroo insertions, $5,00.
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Reasonable deductions to Ibuw who advertise by
'Tin raoraiKToa or the ARGUS nam
Jo Inform tlie puttie that he baa juat recoivod a
laree stock of JOB TYPE and oilier new print
ing material, and will be in the ipeedy reooipt of
aumuons suited to an the requirements or ih.a lo
cality. HANDIHLLS, POSTKKS, BLANKS,
CARDS, CIRCULARS, PAMPIILET-WORK
and other kindi, done to order, on abort notice.
The Timet and Oregonian of last Satur
day contain a tremendously interesting cor
respondence between tlio representative nf
Oregon Militia on tho ono side, and the
principal authorities iii command of the
regular forces on the other. This morceiiu
of military diplomncy.'in lengib, zeal, and
management, comes near rivaling tlio cbr-
respbndcncc between Secretary Marcv and
the Austrian Minister, about the celebrated
Rosta affair. If our militia succeed as well
in the open field as in forensic tactic, our
"regulars" w ill be "no where," whilst our
militia " ill coino home "covered all over
With glory." '
" If our brave Colonel was foiled in his re
cent diplomatic fencing with ilio grim giants
of scientific war, he has left it upon record
Ibnt it was not for the want of effort, or
punk, but simply on account of the iron
rule oi military usages, wmi wlncli no was
of course somewhat unacquainted. The
correspondence is so long that we cannot
yield enough of our precious srmco to jiive it
in full. Tlio following however contains
the cream of it coiideiisi d :
l; . ODL. NESMITII TO UAJ. RAINS.
i v FoaT DiLLr.s, Oct. 22, '55.
Th Governor of Oregon order me to co-operate
with you in tlifa campaign. I want a cunfer
euce with you. Please uarne your own time aud
COL. NESMITII to haj. rains, aoaiN.
At our interview you requeued ms to stal in
writing what I requested of you verbally, namely
to furnish my command Willi subsistence and trans
portation. Please notire oan the Governor of
Oregon orders me to co-operate with you so far as
is practicable. I wish to do so. My force will
noon be ready to tuko tlio field, if wo had supplios.
Our quartermustcr don't furnish them. The delay
already experienced suiUfics me that if we wait
for thstu the campaign must prove a failure this
winter. Now I want you to furnish the supplies.
If you will do so I cau fight the Indians and bring
incm to terms. II you will furnish the supplies,
will give my own bund, with thut of others, to
stand between you and Uncle Sam.
UAJ. RAINS TO COL. NESMITH.
' IIkau Quarters, Oct. 24, '55.
A vast number of our horses are unfit ibrervice
o we rc reduced to a minimum. , as com
manding officer of the U. S. Troops, oalled upon
Gov, Curry for Volunteers. He raised them, but
informed me that they were not willing to be drilled
into the1 IT. S. service, but chose to fight on their
Owu hook. We all have one object in view to
subdue the foe. Volunteers, when mustered into
the regular service, can act any where, and every
Where, irrespective of territorial- boundaries..
Should I acquiesce in your request I should lay my
self liable to many d.lBeulties, perhaps a court
martial. Your oiT.r of personal4 security is patri
otic, but I beg reave to decline it. The arms at
ready furnished the volunteers, at Vancouver, was
tn irregularity, but will bo remedied by deducting
. i i r . i .ii . r t
lav uunioor iruui uio uuia miunea to irrrguu ujr
law. When the savuges commenced depredations
tht U.S. Troops rushed to the rescue. We culled
for help, and expected to get it. We are now too
few to meet the hostile Indians, who have multi
plied wonderfully siuce the check upon our troops
in the field. We have horses, and packs of provis
ions enough for 800 men for two weeks. . If you
svih be drilled into tlie U.S. service, we will take
the field together j but, if pot, I ahull march on
with the regulars, and leave jou, aud the citizens
in arms with yon, to reconcile to themselve." and
their honorable feelings any mishap that may befall
us is discharging our duty to our country.
, COk JiEEUITII TO IS A J. RAINS.
I am very sorry you can't furnish the supplies,
f have s ebjecliaa myself to being mustered into
ihe regular service but this is a matter over
wrhioh I have no control. Gov. Curry is expected
here on Saturday : when he comes, the matter may
'be fixed. 1 dr sign crossing my men over the river
.as fast as possible. I shall tliea march for the en
emy's country with such facilities as are at my
COt. RtSVITU TO UAJ. SAINS, AOACT.
Dalles, Kov. 25, '55.
'deli. I have just received an express from Maj.
China, asking for 150 men and two howitiers. I
bam sent ed Uie men. I have also sent s request
to Get. Wool to furnish the howitzers, and men te
wort them properly. It may be a long time before
I heart-ess Gen. Wool , I asked yen this morning
t furnh tham. "The mercilcse aavages have
driven our pJople,H.c
ril. r. the Cot. stows quite facetious by quoting
from the letter of Maj. Rains of Oct S!4ih, end
thinks he has now "got kUn where the heir is
V. Im AH.VMH, i AMERICA hKaews wsaiht of foUets resaWtsef UtafV ( . ....... , VBCltTlOrS,
EStlor awe Proprietor. j Know bouirI ef leroaets, Mian, rr Htiias." tve Dollars a Year.
VOL. 1. OaBoTlToiTY, OaBOQWTBRITOKT, ATPm.PAT, PBOBMaBB. , llBB. JtO. 34L
MAJ. SAINS TO COt. NEMtlTM.
Dau.es, Nov. 36, '55.
Col. I acknowledge your letter, also Its face-
tlousuese in your luiigthy quotations from a former
letter of mine. Circumstances have altered s'uee
I wrote that letter. Then we expected that we
had s big fight before us certain. Now ws know
that an adequate force will find no Indians to fight.
If you should lake the artillery there i no proba
bility that you can find the ludians. They will
nut stay In their mud-built fort to be shot at with
cannon. However, the whole matter Is now In
the hands of Gen. Wool. I refer you to him. .
P.S. lu the emergency of course our utmost
endeavors will be to relieve you.
cot. NEstiirn to oen. wool.
Dalles, Nov. 21, '55.
0n. Maj. China Is menaced by Ihe notorious
Peppermoxniox. It in reported that Peppermox
mox has taken a strong hold. We want to dislodge
him with artillery. Will you furnish two or three
howitzers, with men to manage them? I can fur
nish an ercort to conduct it to Umatilla, If you will
furnish the men aud guns. ' '
oen. Wool to cot. nesxitk.
Vancouvks, Nov. 24, '55.
Sir In reply to your communication, I have to
say that I have no authority either to employ or to
receive volunteers into the U. S. service. I am,
therefore, unable to comply with your request I
will, however, observo that I have ordered s criti
cal exam nation of U. S, troops, animals, &a,
necessary to carry on an efficient campaign. Hith
erto the expeditions against the Indians have been
made iu loo much of a hurry unable to act effi
ciently, and, without supplies, to keep the field.
Unless prepared to keep the field, it would be more
than folly to attempt to encounter the Indians. I
have not iho power to give you the assistance you
Ilere ends the chapter. Our brave Col
onel is outgeneraled in diplomacy our vol
unteer forces are iu the field, .destitute ef
supplies, their horses broken down, winter
staring them iu the face, dispirited and al
most dishenrteued at the prospect of getting
supplies from the Valley, and no prospect
of engaging the Indians without traveling
about a thousand miles after theni, and then
finding two or threo dozen in a squad.
Oen. Wool is exactly right, when he says
that it is useless to Gghl Indians unless we
are prepared to keep tlio field. , Gov. Curry
has his hands full just now, if he straightens
matters out, and lays plans for prosecuting
the war successfully with our volunteer
forces, without either mustering them into
the regular service, or turning out the Know
. troro, Vlah.
The following is from the DuBeret Newt,
of the 10th Nov. : -
Massacres in Elk Mountains. On
the 22.1 Sept., a Utah Indian asked a Mor
mon,' named James Wiseman Hunt, to go
with him from the Fort to the herd, ashort
distance off, to see a bnrse that Hunt had
bought of hi in. They started, the Indian
on horseback and Hunt afoot, and went
about a mile from the Fort, the Indiab di
rected Hunt's attention to the cattle, a lit
tie way off from the horses, and while , he
was turned, shot him in the back, the ball
ranging down diagonally and lodging in the
One of the herdsmen close by started to
give the alarm, and the other one drove the
herd on to the Fort. In a short time sev
eral of the brethren went to bring in Hunt,
and when about half way buck, the Indians
fired upon them, wounding Prest. A. N,
Billings in thn foro linger of the right hand,
Three or four of the party fell a few paces in
the rear, and by occasionally firing upon the
pursuers, they all succeeded in reaching the
Fort wiihoul further loss or injury. Broth'
er Ilu'nt lingered about thiiteen hours and
died. ; .
Within an hour and a half after their
return, some Indians on the bluffs' near by
told the men in the Fort that they would
kill the two men who had previously gone
out and were then returning, and immed
ateiy fired seven rounds, killing, as they af.
tcrwards stated, Bictliers William Behuirt
and Edward Edwards, ihe two who were
During the same day, ihe Indians burned
the hay, and turned off thn water that sup
plied the Fort.
At daylight next morning the Indians
began to gather round in great numbers,
and there being no prospect of a speedy re
concialiation, the remaining thirteen breth.
ren, by the advice of friendly Indians, took
their horses and started for Manti, lenving
their enemies quarreling over the cattle and
spoils in the Fort.
Bish'p Evens, company were at Manti
on thn 2d October.
On Oct. 7th, Brother W S G.xlbecame
into Salt Lake City ahead of a train f ii
wagons, whieh he left on Grn river, Oct.
4lh, All the Indians on th rou'e were
j friendly. He met the last missionary com
pany at the fifth crossing of Sweei water, on
the 22d of Sept. They were all well and
getting along finely. From all 1 that he
could learn, Urothor Go lb supre ses th it
all of this year's immigration, including
goods trains, is this side of the South pass.
lion. Enoch Reese, Representative from
Carson; Bis'iop N. V lones, lute President
of the Mission in Hindostan and the Uirman
Empire; O. P. Rockwell, Jefferson Edmunds
and two other persons, arrived from 'lie
West, on the 4th inst. They left Carson
on the 22d ult., and came through in thir
On the mornings of (he 4th and 6th Oct.,
ice made its appearance on still water for
the first time during thn present fall, but
the days wero mild and pleasant.
General Conference. The General
Conference of the Church of Latter Day
Saints commenced in the Bowery Tabnacle,
Oct. Cth ; Brigham Young presiding.
Lorenzo Snow, Ezra T. Benson and Phi
ueas II. Young, were unanimously voted
to go on a mission to Europe next spring. '
The Conference continued in session until
the evening of the 8tb, and adjourned to
April 6th, 1856. !
Payer from 'Wool.
A correspondent of ihe Newark Adverli-
ter describes the manufacture of paper from
wood, as carried on at Little Falls, New
York. The paper that has been produced,
with the disadvantage of improper machi
nery for its manufacture, is pronounced of
superior quality. The wood manufactured
by this process, it is said, is capable of pro
ducing all grades of paper, and, what is of
the most importance, the stock costs noth
ing. In this way an inch and a quarter
plank is brought and introduced in its rough
state into a plaining machine, from which
it comes out ihree-eigbt clear planed board,
worth more in the market than the plank.
The shavings are the stock from which pa
per is made. ''''
. We believe thero are already in the Uni
ted States, two mills, at Which paper is
manufactured from ligneous substances, and
at one time the Albany Evening Journal, by
way of experiment, issued two or three edi
tions upon paper made out of bass wood
shavings. -The paper was of a leaden color,
and was rather brittle. This was some
thing over a year ago, and doubtless since
that time great improvement have beon
made. 'By the plan mentioned above, pa
per ought to be furnished for a little moro
than nothing, as the stock from which it is
made, costs absolutely nothing. A learned
professor has recently contributed a paper
to the French Academy, in which he men
lions a number of common plants, from
which paper may be made. The scarcity
and consequent high price of rags within
the past few yearj has placed paper at an
exorbitant standard, and any discoveries
which will have a tendency to mako it
cheaper, will bo hailed with delights. Some
two years ago it was stated that a quantity
of the California title bad been 8ent to the
Eastern States for thp purpose ot having iu
fitness for the manufacture of paper tested.
We have never heard the result. Should
the experiment prove successful, a new field
of enterprise would be opened in Calif irnia,
and our tule marshes, the disposition and
use of which has been such a difficult prob
lem with our law makers, would at once as
sume an importance and a value, furnishing
as they would an inrxhaustable amount of
material for the manufacture of paper.
From Texas. We have received, says
the N. Y. Tribune, Galveston dates of the
14th Oct. CapU Calluhan of the Texan
Rangers had had a battle with a party of
seven hundred Mexicans aud IndinnB. Four
Texansand forty of the enemy wero killed,
when the latter retreated- Capt. Callahan
has called on Texas for assistance to exU-r-minate
the Indians, who threaten to kill ev
ery white man they encounter. dipt. C
was expecting another attack
Florida Elections. Election have to-ceil!)-
been held in Florida, foroouniy offi
cers. The American party sucevrded in
Alligator county by 320 maj.; in Walton
county by 20, in Wakulla by 40, in 'Leon
by 170, and in Nasau by a majority not
yet ascertained1 The democrats carried a
few of the counties by inconsiderable major
itirt.. N- T. Herald.
The wife and youngest daughter of
Chief Justice Taney lately died at Old Point
! Comfort; the former or paralysis, ano me
latter of ynllow fever. They were buned in
The Eareyea War.
A letter from St. Petersburg slate that
the evening before the Emperor left for the
South a grand council was held, at which it
was decided ti carry on the war with the
The Emperor went from Moscow to Nic
olaieff, the great Russian naval depot on ihe
Euxiue, where on tlio 23d Sept., accompa
nied by the Grand Dukes Constantino,
Nicholas, and Michael, he made an Inspec
tion of the troops, fortifications, and dock
yards. : The fortifications,' it is stated, are
to be greatly strengthened and extended.
By telegraph we learn that the Czar has
left Nicolaieff for the Crimea, his objeet in
proceeding thilhor being doubtless to In
spirit his forces by his presence, and turn
the tide in favor of Russia.
Various Russian and Prussian accounts
state that the war is to be carried on with
the greatest determination, and that the
Crimea is to be defended to the last extremity.
Gen. Mouravieff, now in Asia, will, it is in
timated, take the place of Prince GorcbaknfT,
who is to become Minister of War. : i
Moscow advices' state that one hundred
and ninety-three thousand men have been
added to the military force of Russia.
In regard to the cavalry battle on t!ie29;li
Sept., it is rvmardablo that there is a des
patch from Prince GortschiikofT bringing
down the narrative of affairs to the 3d Oct.,
in which he says nothing of this cavalry ac
tion, but mentions that the Allies made a
movement against his left flnnk that is to
say, at the other extremity of his extended
line. Such movement, as he describes it,
was an ineffectual one a demonstration
merely, or recon'noisance, for the Allies
withdrew again, and the Russian advanced
posts still occupied the former line. It is
plain from these operations on the two ex
tremes of the Russian position, that the Al
lied generals, finding the entrenchments of
the enemy too strong to be attacked in
front, are seeking for some mode of turning
his flanks, and so forcing him to abandon a
position which he has selected with consum
mate judgment and fortified with skilful
Coadllloa ot Tblass la. Ikaasas.
The enormous outrages that have bej
perpetrated in Kansas, during the iasMii
or eight months, are a disgrace to the un
try and the age in which we live. Fur
thermore, the excesses that have been com
milted there, in violation of law, order, and
decency, with the passive sanction of the
Federal Government, will most assuredly
be the means of defeating the object which
the authors of the bill had exclusively in
view the organization of Kansas as a
slave State. Messrs. Atchison, Stringfcllow,
and the Missouri borderers generally, have
gone a little too far in their foray, and a
time of retribution is soon to follow.
No one can honestly justify, or even ex
tenuate, the outrages and violation, not
merely of law, bit of those conventional ob
servances which exist in the most rude and
primitive societies, which have been dis
gracing a territory under United States
Government for the past six months. But
this tiegative condemnation is not enough ;
there should be direct and emphatic denun
ciation of this condition of affairs. The
class of citizens who are the friends of law
and order, who deprecato the supremacy of
mobs aud lawless assemblages, and who de
sire to see the peupje exercise freely and
peaceably the rights and privileges to which
they are entitled, should, set their faces
against this domination of reckless and ir
responsible power. N. Orleane Bulletin.
Discovery of Diamonds la Virginia.
On Monday, the 27th of August, a most
singular discovery of two diamonds was
made at Dudley's Ferry, King and Queen
county, the residence of Wm. Brooks, Esq.
A correspondent of the Richmond Whig
details the circumstances of the discovery of
these diamond, which are, indeed, some
what remarkable, It appears tl at as Mr.
Taylor was engaged sawing the timbers for
a boat, out of an oak root, his saw struck
some hard sulitance, which upon being
punched out and examined, was found to be
a diamond of the size of a black-eyed pea.
Shortly after, a smaller one was also found
in ihe same root. The teeth of both saws
were knocked out by the contact.
The oak tree to which this root belonged
was probably a hundred and fifty years old,
and was growing a few weeks ago in the
ground horde' ing npoo a swamp upon Mr.
B.'t place. These diamonds were in shape
octahedron, as most diamonds are in their
natural state. Of course, they cut glass
finely, and were translueid, apparently of
the first water. When found they were
Imbedded two or three inches from the sur
face of the root, causing a defect in the wood
of it for some distance around. Can any
one stale another instance of a diamond be
ing found as these wore, buried iu a root be'
ncath the ground probably for a hundred
and fifty years I
It will be romemberod that about a year
ago, a laborer, while digging in the streets
of Manchester, just opposi'e Richmond, dis
covered a diamond a few feet below the sur
face of the earth, which proved to be one
of enormous size, and was valued at some
four or five thousand dollars. Connect the
recent discovery with the one of last year,
and it would soem that there are many of
these precious stones imbedded in lb soi
of old Virginia. Petertburg Exprtn.
Vattea Slates Beaale.
, From time to time we find In many
exchanges statements in regard to the clas
sification of the United States Senate, which
are calculated to mislead the public. Sub
joined wo give a correct list of the members
of that body, the class to which they be
long, and the vacancies which have occurred
through default of legislative action:
Clait 1 Term ending March 4, 1837.
Adams, Miss., Jones, Telin.,
llnyard, Del., Mallory, Florida,
Uriijht, Ind., ' Mason, Va.,
Urodliend, Penn., Pratt, Md. "
Clast 2 Term ending March, 4, 1850.
Allen, R. I.,
Erans, S. C,
Fessenden, Maine, Reid, N. O-
Houston, Texas, Bale, N. H. .
Clait 8 Term ending March 4, 1861. .
Bell. N. II., Iverson, Ga.,
Biggs, N. C, . Johnson, Ark,,
utlet, b. U, rearce, Md,
Crittenden, Ky., . Pugh, Ohio,
Collamer, Vt., ' Seward, N. Y.,
Durkee, Wis, Slidell, La.,
Foster, Conn., Trumbull, III,
Harlan, Iowa, Yulee, Florida.
. There are now five vacancies in the Sen
ate, the terms of Messrs. Fitzpatrlck, of
Mabama, Atchison, of Missouri, Pettit, of
Indiana, Cooper, of Pennsylvania, and
Gwin, of California, Laving expired on the
4lh of March, 1855. Wathington Union.
The Tttxi Coasress.
Various writers at Washington and else
where are calculating the material of which
the next Congress will be composed. The
data from which they make up their results
I wa da not know. We rrive nnon thn au-
- o i
thority of the N. Y. Timet and tho CouHer
d Enquirer the following. The former
states that the composition of the next
House will be as follows :
Fusion and Free Soil Whigs,
Know Nothing Whigsj
Free Soil Democrats,
Know Nothing Dumocra(st
"Inspector," of the Courier it Enquirer,
says: "Tho regular Apministraiion force
will be 75 the united opposition 150.
But there is no possibility of a uoion which
will combine- more than a bare majority of
the House, namely 118 members Upon
the question of sustaining the Nebraska
law, the best calculation gives the result of
ayes, 103 noes, 131 majority 28. But
as the Senate stands ready to veto any such
movement of the House, the passage of a
bill to repeal would be a preliminary pro-&-eding
to a long and fierce contest between
the representatives of the people and the
Executive with its patronage and the Sen
ate with its long terms.
As no party will be able to command a
majority, the organization of the House
must depend wholly upon success in combi
nation, and it need excite no surprise if a
struggle should occur as long and exciting
as that which convulsed the country in 1840
and '50. Alia California.
tW The New York Evening Post men
tioos that the hectolitre of grain in France
is equivalent to I wenty-two gallons, each of
eight bushels ; consequently the reported
seven millions hectolitres of wheat deficient
in the crops of France is equal to 1 9,250,000
mew Marat Met Ms Vat ' ;
The Mnteneo of the military cotnmiasloa
waa read to him with due solemnity. - He
listened to It as he woulo have listened ta
the cnunon of another battlo during his mil'
itary life, equally without emotion or brave'
do. He asked naither for pardon, for delay,
nor for appeal, - He bad advanced of hi
own accord towards the door, as if to accel
erate the cataalropho. The door opened
on a narrow esplanade, lying betweeu the
towers of the castle and the outer walls.
Twelve soldiers, with loaded musket,
awaited him there. The narrow space did
not permit them to stand at a sufficient din
tance to deprive death of part of It Lor
ror Murat, in stepping over the threshold
of his cbsmbcr, found himself face to face
with them. He refused to let his cyos bo
bandaged ; and, looking at the soldiers with
a firm and benevolent smile, said I
"My friends, do not make me suffer by In
king bad aim. The narrow apaco natural-
ly compels you almost to rest tho miiztUi
of your muskets on my breast ; do not
tremble do not strike me iu the face ain
at the heart J here it is."
At he spoke thus, ho placed his right
hand upon his coat, to indicate tie position
of his heart. In hit Uft hand be held
small medallion, which contained, iu one fo
cus of love, the image of lm wife aud of hiaj
four children, as be wished .thus to iaki
them witnesses of his last hour, or to hare"
their images in his last look. Ih fixed his ,
eyes on this portrait, and received the death-.
blow without feeling it, absorbed in contem
plation of all he loved upon earth I Ilia
body, pierced at so short a dis'ance by
twelve balls, full with his arms open and his i
faco to the earth, as if still embracing tlio '
kingdom which be ouce possessed, and'
which be bad come to reconquer for bit
tomb. ... l'iiii
They threw hb clonk upon the bedy'
which was buried in tho Cathedral of PizxuV
Thus died the most chivalrous aoldior of the '
imperial epoch ; not the greatest, but this
most heroio figure among the champions of
the new Alexander.
A Curiosity-'. Otis Manchester, of this ,
city, exhibited lo us yesterday a stalk of ,
wheat of singular appearance and history, .
It will be remembered tbut some years since. ,
a discovery of some kerbals of whsai iu the , ,
folds of cloth which enveloped an Egyptian ,
Mummy, was made, which must have re' ,
raained there at least four thousand years. (
These kernels were brought to this country ,
and plauted on Long Island, . The specimen
here presented is the growth of that ancient ,
seed. , The stalk is remarbably large and j
singularly shaped being nearly conical.
The kernels are almost round, and wholly ,
dissimilar in shape and appearance, to any ,
grain wo have scen. Ifrica Herald,
OCT The Washington Star states that '
postmasters have been instructed lo return '
all unpaid letters found in the mails, to the 1
offices from which thev were sotiL They '
have heretofore been forwarded, but the '
department consider that the public are by
this time fully cognizant of tho new arrange
ment of pre-pay mont. Foreign letters will .
be sent as usual. '
t3T Mr. Mason, the American Minister
at Paris, surprised his countrymen iu that
capital by attending tlio Te Deuin ordored ,
by Louis Napoleon in honor of the capture
of Sebastopol. Tho other ministers of
neutral powers were absent, and the Ameri
cans in Paris thought Mr. Mason ought to (
have acted with like propriety, considering
that ours is also a neutral eotintrv. : '
Atr-iBS in New York. A Now York '
paper says !
"A very fair fall pippin is selling at the
rate of 91 per bushel, and at wholesale at :
tl 50 to i a barrel. This low rate (cum' '
Parativelv speaking) may be attributed ia
a great measure to the attention which has
been directed to the culture of this meal
excellent fruit, in this country, within tke '
last few years. Those who bare been i 1
strumentul, by this means, iu promoting ,
desirable an end, nave unquestionably con ,
ferred a blessing upon their country men." .
Uses or the Telegraph. The electric -
telegraph is becoming more and more use
ful. A peasant received lately, by mail, a
letter from his son Joseph, a &unve, before 1
Sebastopol. The young man mentioned
the fact that bis legs wcro yet whole, but
thai his shoes wero the worse for wear. '
The affectionate father having purchased a '
pair of nine-nnd-n-halfs, was perplexed at '
to the means of forwarding them, At last
ha iho't of the telegraph ; the line lo Mar-1
seilles ran through his village. He put
the address on one of the soles and slung ,
the shoes over the wire. A pedlcr passing
by, struck by the solidity of their workman
ship, appropriated them, placing his used (
up trampers in their place The next
morning the old daddy returned to the spot
to see if the telegraph bad executed bit '
commission. 1 He saw the substitution '
which had been effected, "I vow," be ex
claimed, "if Joseph hoan't already scot back
his Old onet "