Image provided by: Oregon City Public Library; Oregon City, OR
About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View Entire Issue (June 9, 1855)
(Stye rcgon Slrjus
' ! 1 TOILIMII IVIS SATUBDsr MOSMIXO,
BY WILLIAM. L. ADAMS.
Office-Good's Building, Main st. Edito-
rial Rooms in basement story.
TERMS-Tkt Aa " '
? of T Dollar$.
f i : ' ADVERTISING RATES,
On uutn (13 line f on insertion, $3,00.
" . . two Insertions, 1.00.
h , ' " three insertion, $.r,iK).
Kaeb iubmquvnt Insertion, $1,00.
tleasonabl deductions lo thus who advertise by
Job Printing ! !
Ths raorsirroa or ths ARGUS it narrr
to Inform the public 1ht he hu jit received
inrk or Jolt TYPE end oilier new print
ing material, and will be in the tpeody receipt of
addition! tuiled to all the requirement oi inn lo
cality. 1IANDIMXH, POSTICUS, IU.AXKH
CARDS, CIRCULARS, PAMPI1LET-WORK
ad other kind, dead to order, on abort notice.
. From tbe N. V. Eve. Poet.)
Mother, my eyei crow d m ! bath tho night come I
I cannot ice tbe pleasant-gleaming bunp .
I cannot se tbe tranquil-beaming a'ara.
Mother, what tbb) darkneea tliat I ecet
Not like the twilight nor the midn'ght eem it,
For they, t think, ore not an black oi lb'. -
I diougtit 'twas aummer, Mother ! all day long
Tbe robin chiri ed upon tbe lilac bouglis,
And through the window blew the euft warm aire.
Teawthe aunebine glitter through the leave
A little while ago now itidJenly s
The pleasant air and the bright mm are fled 1 '
Shut down the window, Mo:hcr, I grow chill J
And take me in yoururmt, and let me feci
Your cheek on mine 1 I low cold-how dork it if !
Clasp me now closely, Mother, in your arm,
The light is com' ng back, and tlio Warm aire
I'm glad you did not aliut the window down 1
Mother, I'm almost well I unclasp your arms
And let me walk toward the window there ;
To-morrow, I thiuk, I'll tend my posy bed 1
Motbor, you weep and entile, you nro ao glad
To nee me ftrong, and hear me laugh again.
Bring la the "tea-things,"' you ahull tee mo play !
Mother, time ago I went away
Through tlir aweet c!ovor-b!oonu and brier pathf
To grandpa'f bouse, and I waa very sad !
You called me "silly child," and bade me go,
And told me bow the houey-euckle grew,
And how the wild rose clustered round bis door 1
And now I feel that I must go somewhere,
But not to grandpa's house again, dear Mother
The dream I bad was of auuthcr land I
The land it entered by a starry gate,
I think they gave the pretty place a name
That sounded some, yes, sounded some liko
Mother, you oft have praised iny guidon hair,
And told me that my eyes were beautiful ;
But, Mother, you should see tho children there !
Will you note call mo "silly child," dear Mother,
And bid mo leave you as you did b. fore f
And praise the roses growing by tlio door 1
I know you will 1 and when the summer goes,
And tbe white storms of winter come again,
I will return with roses on my chocks!
Then through the "starry gito" the child did go,
But never eamo"with roses on her cheeks,'1
As once before sbo came from "grunJpa's door 1"
Sweet child, sho found such blue-eyed mates in
Tfce Pllgrltt Fathers.
. Hail to thee, poor little sbip Mayflower, of
Delft Haven ! Poor, commou-looking ship, hired
by common charter party for coined dollars I calk
ed with mere oakum aud tar ; provisioned with vul
gar biscuit and bacon ( yet what ship Argo, or mi
raculous epic ship, built by the sea-gods, was not a
foolish bnnbarge in comparison ! Goldeu fleeces
or the like, these sailed for, with or without effect,
--but thou, little Mayflower, hadstin thee a verita
ible Promethean spark j the life-spark of the largest
uation on our earth so we may already name the
'Transatlantic Saxon nation. , They went seeking
leave to hear sermons in their own method, these
Mayflower Puritans) a most honest, indispensable
soaroh I and yet, like Saul, the ton of Kish, seek'
ing a small thing, they found this unexpected great
thing ! Honor to the brave and true ; they verily
we say, carry fire from heaven, and have a power
that. themselves dream not of. Carlyle.
-Our Cn ban Relations.
Tbe correspondent of the N. Y. Exprett, writing
from Washington over date of the 19th of April
try; ; 1
, ""The instructions, whatever they are, that have
Wi given to Com. McCauley met with the ap
proval of the entire Cabinet, The most reason.
Able version ef the instructions is that Com. Mc'
SCauley is to convey to the Captain-General a pro
test against the visit, detention or search of our
vessels en the ocean, and beyond tbe jurisdiction of
Cuba, on any pretence whatever.
"He will notify the Governor that, if their acts,
thus deemed aggressive by the United States, be
repeated, our vessels shall be protected from them.
If the protest and notice shall be unheeded, ahe
Commodore will, upon tbe first recurrence of tbe
Aggression, capture or sink the aggressing vessel of
war. Our merchantmen will be advised not to
notice the bail of every Spanish vesael of war, but
to proceed oa their course, and if the Spanish ves
sel of war shall resort to force, Commodore Mo
Cauley will forthwith engage the Spaniard as an
"Force on our part is to be Used only in regard
to future cases, and not for tbe purpose of resenting
acta that have been committed."
Offensive operations, oftentimes art the
surest, if not in some eases the only, meant of de
fence. Waih ingHn.
X il , "
Tat Kteclteata kVaatas.
In tho Into election in Kansas, the beauties
of tbo practical workings of tho Squatter
Soverignty principle was most forcibly illus
trated. Tho election was earned by the
Missiourians at tho point of the knife and tho
muzzle of the pistol. Tho milliner in which
tho ballot bons was preserved iu iU purity
is well illustrated by the following extract
from the He rail of Freedom
Tim Voting at Lawbenck. In this
District, whero tho late census report indi
cates but 800 voters, the election shows
thero were 1039 votes polled, nearly three
times as great a number as legitimately be
longed hero J and yet alurge number of our
actual residents, mid purticulnily thoso from
a distance, did not excrciso their right to the
elective franchise, as they found they could
not do so without endangering their lives.
Tho Froo-Stato strength in this District is
full 6ve to one, and. yet tho Pro-Slavery
ticket has a majority of moro than three to
Mr. Edwin Bond, who went to vote in tho
. ... . , 4i.
moruinr. was lorcioio ejected irora vuu
ground, and pursued by an angry crowed io
the bank of the river with curses and threat
ening of destruction, and compelled to jump
down the declivity, when a revolver was
discharged at him, and the ball nnrrow'.y
escaped his head. Ho ran along tho bench,
and nnnlly escaped unseamed.
Vomits Ahmed. We repaired to the
polls about 10 o'clock in tho morning, but
retired on Hie assurance oi numerous menus
that wo wcro in irrent personal danger,
thinking it best to defer our rights as an
elector to a later period in the day, when it
was hoped better order would prevail. At
about four o'clock we again visited tho polls,
and discharged our duties as a freeman with
out molestation. It was tho first time wo
ever appeared at the ballot-box with an in
strument of defense, and we trust it will bo
tho last time it will be deemed necessary to
be guarded with a retinue of friends, each
provided with Uowie-knivcs ana revolvers,
besides having several of tho latter instru
ments about our own person ready for imme
The Voting at Tecukseh. After it
was satisfactorily ascertained that the num
ber of persons imported into Lawrence, from
Missouri, was greater than tho occasion
demanded, a company of 200 was detached
from the main body, and took up their line
of march for Tecumseh, wiih tho view of
overbalancing tho large number of free
voters in that District, a majority of whom
are located at Topeka. They arrived at
their destination in time to participate in the
fraud there practiced upon tho ballot-box. j
V hen they had accomplished tue object ot
their mission, they returned iu a body to
their encampment near Lawrence, whore
they remained till Saturday morning,
when they toolt tueir unai departure lor
M r. Burgess, one of the Judges appointed
by the Governor, was violently threatened ;
a pistol was three times snapped in his face,
a club nourished over Ins head, 1 ill linaliy
he was compelled to proclaim tho election
1 ho innb then selected a now ionrd, witn
two drunken Secretaries, who took posses
sion of die ballot-box, and allowed no per
son to approach it unless be was right on
the "Goose question" a slang phrase used
among the Missourians, implying they are
iu favor of extending the institution of Sla
vory over Kansas.
No questions wcro asked the voter as to
his citizenship or place of residence ; no
oath was administered, or other test re
quired, save an assurance of support to the
Au aged geutlnman, who felt disposed to
exercise the privileges conferred upon him
by the laws and Constitution, approached
the ballot-box, when he was offered a Pro
Slavery vote. He remarked that he did
not vote that ticket, when some one knock
ed off his hat, another cuffed him, while a
third applied his boot, and forced him from
the groutid, threatening to put a bullet
through him unless he left inittantcr.
Thefiiendsof Freedom, finding ihem
selves borne down by the invaders, quietly
retired from the polls ; and we are assured
no free-state votes, otuer tnan tnree or
four, were cast in that District, though that
parly was largely in tho majority ; while
tho Pro-Slavery marauders from Missouri
polled between four and five hundred.
The late census returns showed that, thus
far, every election district in the Territory
was settled by a large majority of voters
from the f ree States, and that, if left to the
ordinary course of things, the Legislative
Assembly of the Territory wotildea unit
upon the subject of human rights.
The Kansas rionetr has the following
encouragement for tho Blave-drivers :
"Persons need not feel alarmed in bring
ing their slaves to Kansas. This will be a
Slave State ascertain as two and two make
four. We would, therefore, say to our
friends at a distance, who hare been making
inquiries in regard to the safety of bringing
slaves here, to bring them along, and emi
grate at once. The result of the election
on last Friday, ought to satisfy everybody
wai mis win be a Nave state. 1 uere are
a number of slave already in the Territory,
and the cry is 'still they come' by every
steamboat or flutboat arrival.
"Kansas will remain as she now is, Pro-
Slavery to the core ; so our slavebolding
t J AMKftlUA .kMwt aoashl
OB.BOOZT OXIY, okgOOXC gg.B.ITOKY, IATPMAT,
friemlit needn't be at all uneasy, but all who
are dinposcd to emigrate, let them (tome
along at once, and bring their slaves with
them, mid tnHke no further inquiries about
Kansas being a Slave Stale. It will never
bo anything else! and we shall consider
onrself responsible for what wo assort."
The St. Joseph (Mo.) Gazelle makes this
"The entiro Territory, (of Kann) so far
as wo have been ablo to learn, has gono Pro
Slavery by an overwhelming majoriiy.
Thero will not, probably, bo a single Anti
Slavery member in tho coming Legislature.
It gives us iiifinnto pleasure to mako this
announcement. 'Coming events cast their
shadows before,' and this fixes almost be
yond the possibility of a doubt the future
prospects of Kansas. Our neighbors across
tho river can now send for their negroes.
Others can go in with their property, with
perfect safety. Missouri can now breathe
Tbe baubling Un.
This is the first day of enforcement of the
"Gambling Low." That, heretofore curso
of the million, which incubus like, has rested
on the family of many a mechanic and labor
ing man, will now, we hope, bo swept away
forever. If the "crave legislators" of the
State at largo, had done no other business
than this during the session, they deserve
the thanks of every mnn and woman
throughout California, and they have them
from all, save the jackalls of tho "holls," who
devil like, preyed on men's vitality, day and
night. Where desolation has reigned su
preme, from year to year, around the hearth
stone of many an honest artizan, mechanic,
and laborer, smiles of conlent, and tho
abundance that produces it, will hereafter
bo seen. Tho father, instead of appearing
day after day in torn garments, soiled linen,
and boots down at tho heel, will in future
be seen like a man, and bis wife and child
ren, instead of presenting the appearance of
semi-paupers abroa d, and inmates of a poor
house at homo, will once more possess tho
appliances of comfort in tho shape of food
Tho landlord's frown will not have to he
encountered j tho grocery bill will not re
main so long unpaid, that further needful
supplies must bo cutoff; the milkman will
not dolo out his suspicious looking liquid,
as it were bv compulsion, and tho "staff of
life" itself will no longer come in quantities
like n dandy's cane, more ornamental than
useful. Such pictures as the above, are not
overdrawn, ana wo are sorry to say thou
sands in this city, and in all parts of the
State, have felt the truthfulness of their
dark sido, but hereafter we hopo the bright
est portions only will meet their gaze, i'ho
half thief half beggar, a cross between the
cut-purse and pauper, whose wits and im-
pudenco have alike been taxed to eite out a
miscrablo subsistence, looks most disconso
late to-day ; and well ho may, as his is no
Iho gambling houso beggar ana nuuy, is
bv the enforcement of this law, and the "Va
grant Act," placed in the position that tho
Hying fish is at sea, when, pursued by a
dolphin in his native element, he, to escapo
that danger, takes to his wings, and litcs, as
it were, into the open maw of the first gull,
pelican, or fish-hawk, that may be wheeling
his fliorbt over the surface of ocean. The
gambling houses are closed, the gambling
house beggars nro homeless and friendless,
with tho alternative of honest labor or tuo
county prison to chooso between. What
they will do now, is a mystery to all, and we
expect it is to themselves at this moment,
and the dilemma in their minds resta be
tween work and want. They must do some
thing loafing is out of question ; stealing
will be dangerous, and to work won may
they sing, "Oh, no, we never mention it ;
therefore they should at once apply to tho
Russian Consul for employment to aeiona
Potropoloski and its ice fields. There will
be little danger there, but here thoro is
much, and they must certainly emigrato or
labor, and surely they will not resort to tho
latter. S. F. E. Journal.
TUe K.era Hlver Mines.
So little has been said lately of the Kern river
diggings, that wo feel inclined to give our readers
an item on the subject, by way of reminding them
that "such tilings were," and did "exoite our
A writer to the San Joaquin Republican says
that tbe highest wages made at the present time
are from one to five dollars per day ; the average
being about three dollars. The first diggings met
with are on White River. Tosey Flat is the next
place approached from the valley of the Joaquin,
situated on Tosey Creek, 20 miles from White
river and 10 miles frem Greenhorn Gulch. It i
first locked in by low hills, which, in turn, are sur
rounded by high and precipitate mountains, and is
tbe head of wagon navigation, from which supplies
are packed on in ules to the scattering miners.
There are no persons engaged at work m tins im
mediate neighborhood. On Greenhorn Gulch
about S00 diggers are employed, of which there
are not more than 20 who are making what is
called good wages.
Fifteen miles from Greeuhorn, nnd contiguous
to the fork of Kern river, on the north side, are
Hogeye, Mismo, Maiden and Rich Gulches, all of
which have yielded fair wages to a lucky few, but
are now nearly abandoned for tbe want of water.
Money has been raised by contribution and the
contract given for the construction of a ditch that
will supply Rich Gulcb.
In this region flour is selling at 18 to 20c per
pound, sugar 50c, coffee We, bacon 50c Whisky
plenty in all directions. Sen Frtneitct Sun.
ef MWa ar! C latai,
The War la Crimea.
Position or Tilt Aixtts. The situation of tbe
allies In tbt Crimea la represented in the official
Journal ds St Petersburg in the following terms;
"The ponitiou of the allies it now completely shut
Iu by an enclosure of formidable eiitrenclum uls,
extending from Iho great Infantry camp near lb
citadel by the heights of Inkennaa, along tbe
Tchemaya, at far at lo 111 approaches of llsluk
lava. New divisions have joined the army.
Grave eveuta are expected."
Russians t tiic CsmtaA letter from Varna,
in llis Ost Deutsche i'est, says: "The news
from tlio Crimea comes down to the 12th. Tbt
allies were theo osnerviug with great attention the
reoeedinff of the Russian la the valley of Daidar,
and were expecting an attack on Dalaklava, par
ticularly as they had learned that General Wag
ner had received reinforcements from the corps of
Grn. Liprandi. The Russian force ar said lo
be distributed at follows: At Perekop la eucamp
ed the corps of dragoons, a division of light cavalry,
aud various other detachments, amounting In all
to 30,000 men, under th command of General
Pawloffl. AtSimpheropol there are about 45,000
men, commanded by General Read. Near lb
ltelbeck, General Osten Sa. ken's bead-quarters
have been' placed with 50,000 men, Including lb
garrison of Sevastopol On lb Tchemaya is
encamped General Liprandi, with 18,000 men ;
and Id Hi valley of Baldar i General Wagner,
with 9000 man.
Tho Mouiteur de l'Armee, however, says that
several foreign journals have exaggerated the
amount of (he Russian fore in th Crimea, slating
it at 170,000 or 200,000 men. This journal
affirms that the total effective of the enemy' troops,
including the garrison of Sevastopol and tbos sta
tioned At Tchernsya, Baklcbi, Serai, Simphero
pol, dec, and before Kupatoria, doea not exceed
115,000, of which 35,000 belong lo tho cavalry
and special corps. Th number of Russian guns
in the Crimea is also much lest than hot been
EvrAToau. All accounts from Eupatoria show
that th greatest activity prevailed there. Stea
mcra and tailiug vessel were continually arriving,
Ko leu lliau 700 horses were landed la a single
day. The Russian were in great force around
th place to the number of 50,000, it it said
and there wis much talk of some decisive move'
ment on their part but it was not thought prob
able ; as the Russians could not hold the place if
they look It, as it I completely under the gun of
the fleet, and besides, the town is fust assuming
the character of a fortress, and oonnot be taken but
with much dificulty, if at all.
Bgroaa SctuToroi., March 10. Our siege
works are a kind of Peueloe' web. Thy are al
way approaching completion, and never (or at
least very slowly) attaining it The matter Is in
this wise: Our engineer now and then see a point
to be gained by the erection of a work or battery
at a particular place. The plans are made and the
working partiea ar sent down, and after a few cas
ualties the particular work I executed, but as it
generally happens that the enemy are quite alive to
our proceedings, without wailing for their copies of
the "Time1 we find that the Russians have, by
the time that the work is finished, thrown up nnoth
er work lo enfilade or meet our guns with a direct
or angular fire.
Then it becomes necessary to do something to
destroy the advantageous position of the enemy
and fresh plans ir drawn, and mora tranche are
dug and parapet erected. Tbe same thing takes
place a before, and th process may be almost In
definite but for the space of soil. The front ef Se
battopol, between English, French, and Russians,
looks liko a huge grave-yard, covered with freshly
made mounds of dark earth In all directions.
The Russiuns mount about three guns te our two,
and if they have only artillerymen to man thein
the only effoot that we can reasonably expect to
gain by our fire, when it does open, is the silencing
of a certain number of the piece which bear on
our advance with tlio most injurious effect
CAMr near KiDmoi, March 16. We o(e bless
ed at last with all the genial influences of a glori
ous spring. Of course, the beneficial effects of this
fine weather on the health and spirit of the army
are very great, and become more striking duy after
day. One great sign of returning comfort and good
spirits can not be overlooked. The "voice of song''
is heard once more in the tents, and the men have
commenced tuning up their pipes, and chanting
their old familiar choruses once more. The rail
way pushes its iron feelers up the hill-side lo the
camp. Tbe wiro ropes and roller for th trains
have been particlly laid down.
Tbe sanatorium is working in the most satisfac
tory manner, and has produced the best results.
Watercourses are damned in, and the waters of lit
streamleta are caught up in reservoirs to provide
against drouth. Provisions are abundant
Tbe impression which has long existed in the
minds of many that Sebastopol can not now be ta
ken by assxult, considering the position of tbe
north forts, the fleet, and tbe army outside, gains
ground. It is generally thought the army outside
ought to be attacked and dispersed, or that the in
vestment of the place should be completed, before
we can hope to reduce the city and the citadel.
But coupled with this impression is tbe far stronger
conviction that, bad our army marched ou tlio
place on the 25th of September, it would have fall
en almost without resistance. '
A Russian officer, who was taken prisoner a tje
U'ine ago, and who knew the state of tbe city well,
declared very" recently that he could not account
for our "infatuation" in allowing the Russians to
throw up works and regain heart, when we could
have walked into tbe place, unless under th up
ponition thai the hand of the Almighty waa ia it,
and that he bad blinded the vision and perverted
the judgment of our General. "And now," said
be, "He bo saved Sebastopol, and We, with Uis
help, will maintain it inviolate."
r , . ' . . -i - y. tj
j "'"" " Vive tlotlsrw Year.
7VXTB t, IMS. WO.
Several sa-ervie mortar, with a raair of
3500 yard, bav bsa seat up lo the front, aad th
new ballri will bav tit heaviest armamsnt
that bas ersr been used la wsr. It is n error I
suppose, however, that lite bsltcrie have been ad
vanced closer to th work of the enemy. Th
fact is, thai w have thrown up detached work at
lb distance of 000, 800, and 000 yards from th
Russisn guns, and that oursecond parallel bas bee
converted Into a battery also, but lb actual "at-
locks" remain a bsfoc, and are identical with
those from which w opened fir on October 17th,
1854: except that they bav bean improved and
strengthened, aud that the armament it much hear-
A letter from Constantinople, March 19, say:
"Th Conference ar not viewed favorably by th
Port. Th continuance of the war Is preferred
but il Is because people here are convinced that any
peace resulting from the Coufereneeswould ouly be
Injurious to Turkey. But, Indeed, noon believe
in peace. A it if new known lliat lb Emperor
Alexander II. will follow th pol"7 of hi father,
it is thought lhat.Ihe war will be carried on -villi
more activity than ever.''
Imaortaal nulaa Ctrratar.
Ths Paris papers publish tho following
important circular of Count Nessolrodo to
the Russian diplomatio agents abroad, an
nouncing to them that the Emperor confirms
them in thoir functions, and nt tho same
giving sketch of the lino of policy which
thoir new sovereign proposes to pursue with
regard lo tho question of peace aud war :
St. Petersburg, Feb. 30, (March 10.)
My dispatch of tho l?th of February
(March 2) announced to you tho accession
of liis Majesty Alexander IL I had tho
honor at tho same time to send vou the im
perial manifesto issued on tho first day of
the Government of our august sovereign.
That document expresses tho profound con
viction with which his Majesty recognizes
tho importance of tho duties ho is called up
on to luiiill. Divine rroviuence imposes
those duties upon him in tho midst of a
great trial. In ascending tho throne of his
ancestors tho bmporor finds Russia engagod
in a struggle unparalleled in the annuls of
history at tho commencement of a new
reign. Our august sovereign accepts that
trial, confiding in God, iuspircd with the
sentiment of security in tho unshaken fideli
ty of his people, with a religious veneration
fur the momory of his well-beloved futhor.
With filial piety ho welcomes (acctuillf) in
his succession two obligations, which are
equally sacred to him. I he first exacts from
His Majesty the development of all tho
power wlucu it uas pleased uoa to piuce in
his hands for the dufenso of the integrity
and of tho honor of Russia. Tho second
imposes upon Uis Majesty the duty of con
secrating with perseverance his care for tho
accomplishment of the work of peace, the
bases of which wore sanctioned by the Em
peror Nicholas. Faithful to tho idea which
manifested itself in the last disositions of
his august father, tho bmpcror has renewed
tho powers and confirmed tho instructions
with which tho Russian Plenipotentiaries
were provided since tho month of Decem
ber, nt the period when tho negotiations at
Vienna were to bo opened. In this manner
the intentions of the Emperor Nicholas will
be conscientiously fulfilled. Their object
To restore to Russia nnd to Europe tho
blessings of peace ; to consolidate the free
dom of worship and the wolfure of tho Chris
tian populations of the East w ithout dis-
UUCUOQ oi riiea , io jmhcu iiiu iiuniuiiibiro
of the Principalities undor a collective guar
anty : to assure the frco navigation of the
Danube, to tho advantago ot tne commerce
of all nations ; to put au end to the rivalries
of tho great Powers in the East, so as to
prevent the return of new complications ;
finnllv, to como to an understanding with
them on tho revision of tho treaty by which
they recognized the principlo of tho closing
of tho Dardanelles and of the Dosphorus,
and thereby to arrive at an honorable ar
rangcinent for all parties.
A nncinVntinn. founded unon theso bases,
in putting an end to the culumitics of war,
' . . i , i e n .....:
woiiiu iuvoho tuo wcasimr hi an uuuuiu un
on tho new Government.
Nevertheless, Russia feels deeply, and
Eurono must avow that tho hopo of a con
clusion of pence will remain fruitless if the
conditions of the arrangement to oo conclu
ded should exceed the just limit which the
sentiment of the dignity of tho Crown tra
ces irrevocably in the resolutions of our au
trust Sovereimi. " Tho Emnoror will trnn-
quilly await iho manifestation of the views
which guido the policy of the Cabinets call
ed unon to solve, in concert with Rushia,
this question, which js of a general interest
for all Christendom. Our august Sovereign
will join the deliberation in a sincere spirit
of concord. Kuch is the thought which
am charged by llis Majesty to express to
you in his name. The general instructions
with which you are provided, trice out to
you the line you ar to continue to follow
relative to the direct relations you have to
entertain with the Government to which you
are accredited. J lie Emperor, in confirm
ing you to day in the post you obtained from
the (rood will of his suiruat father, confident
ly counts upon your fidelity and zeal. It is
his desire that by your language you should
render testimony on every occasion, to the
lovaltv with which Russia fulfills the obli
gations which rest upon the faith of treaties,
to her constant aesire to uvo in gooa uar
mony with all iho Powers, her iilits"y
trieiiila; finally, to lha respect h til-
tains I6r the iuvioiubiuiy oi me rigm w
States, mid her firm resolution lo maintain
and cause to be respected the rights which
Divine Providence has Intruded to the Eni:
H'ror, by making him the guardian and pro
tector of tho national honor of bis country.
ou sro requested to make kuowu tho pres
ent to the Court at which you had iho hon
or of representing tho Emperor Nicholas of
L'loriout and much-chcr'uhed memory.
ThaTarralear War. '
The neoiilo of this country have beeti ofli-
chilly informed that soon after our Minister
to Spain thought fit to comply with the in
struction! of liis Government in laying bo
fore that of Spain Mr. Secretary Marcy's
despatch of tho 22d of June, 1fJ, com
pluiningof iho detention of tho (Hack War
rior, and domanditiif reparation therefor, the
Spanish Government made reparation to tho
entire satisfaction of ours. Having thus
settled amicably this, tho most Important, if
not the only specific complaint for which
our Government has required redress, tho
peace-loving and unambitious portion of thd
community would hnve felt at a loss to un
derstand tho deafening clamor Mboul "Span
ish outrage," aud tho outcry Tor vcngentieo
and war. suddenly raised bv the Government
organs, had not tho publication of the Os
tein! documents served tn enlighten tho
country on the subject. That correspond
ence disclosed to the public the leading ob
ject of the Administration and its grand por.
i... . i . i .i - . ;.t . e .1.- I .
Iilical stroKo to ue tuo ncqwuuuu ui mu is
land of Cuba j and, as Spain obstinately re
fuses to sell this rich possession, the alterna
tive of war, it appears, with all its evil conse
quences and sacriiiccs, is to lie rcsoncu u, u
the heart of tho nation can bo prepared for
that desperate issue, nnd a case can be mauo
for bringing on hostilities, lleneotiic clam
or about "Spanish outrages," although tho'
incidents so characterized are simply, in the'
language of tho Journal of Commerce,
those precautionary acts "necessary to self-,
protection." . ,'
Prompted, In tho first place, by a deep
conviction of tho extreme impolicy for ibis
L'nion of obtaining any transmarine or in
sular osBcssions, however valuahlo intrin
sically tho moro valuahlo the more liable,
to attack aud more costly to defend aud
scorning, in the second place, tho seeking to
obtain even a desirable object by means dis
honoring to the national character, at welt
prejudicial to the nntional interests, ih Edi
tors of this journal have felt it to bo ft duty
to the country to oppose this war scheme by
fearlessly placiug before their readers tho
truth In all cases, as far as they could ascbr
tain it, in order to expose the misrepresenta
tions of tho combined, presses of tho Gov-'
eminent nud the fillibusters. Thovitupern-,
lion which this opKsilion to the schemes,
of freebooters nnd party zealots has brought
upon us personally disturbs us very liltlo, if
we can bo at nil instrumental iu thwnrting
their mischievous purposes. o know,
well, nnd have held in times post, iis we hold
now, that there are evils for a uation greater
than those of war, and that peace and all its
material bli'soiug may be bought nt too
dear A price ; but if if be the purpose of our ,
Government to bring on a war with Spam,
and it should succeed in precipitating the
country into one, now and tiiidr present'
circumstances, it will prove tar moro nisas.
trousto tho national character, in tlio rslt.
mntion of tho rest of tho world, than it can ,
possibly be injurious to Spain, even if wo
come out of tho contest with tho spoils of
Cuba and Porto Rico to boot, and she, tho
ally and friend of our infancy, suffer their
lossforovor. , . f
Uv no menu, however, would wo do In
justice lo the Chief Magistrate nnd his re
sponsible advisers. Ills policy may not
have so bolligcreiit a purposo ns it may bo
tho interest of his supor-sorviocttblo journ- ,
als to make it appear. We have seeu tin;
President endeavoring faithfully to have out'
neutrality laws enforced ; and, although he '
may naturully enough concur with his parly
in regarding tho acquisition of Cuba as
great point in the 1 lemocralic creed, ho niav
not be willing to go Willi thein In carryiuji'
it out, per fat el wfu. Wo would lain bo j
liuvo that ho regards tooconsuieiitiouhly tlio
respollslUlllllCSOl ills lligil irum iu limn um (
hazards and the countless evils of war fur
an acquisition of questionable value, even if
it could bo fairly won.
This stnto of incertitude, however,, is
painful to the public, and people nro every
wliero anxiously inquiring what the precisg
policy nnd plans of tho Administration to-'
wards Cuba aro, and iho contingencies likor
ly to arise in her waters. Wo wish we couM
niiilioniifiillv niiliihten our readers on this
point, hut we cannot. Nor does tho Gov
ernment paper serve any better purposo in
this respect. That organ speaks only to ir
ritate, not to enlighten ; it speaks only whcii
its friends would desire its silence, and is si
lent on all that the publio wishes to know.
The only fact known to all is that tbo Gov
ernment hns Seht lo the critical command of
our naval forces In the Gulf an officer of experience-,
prudence, and ability, from whom
wo may expect no indiscretion iu the dis
charge of his delicate duties net required by
strict orders. Ou theso probably the Issues
of peace or war hung. National Jutdli
gtneer. Mare Pa utters Comtac.
A Dublin paper Mate tint the inspectors of work
houses in tue parish of Kildare, Ireland, ou account
of tho crowded state of said work-bouses, havo
paid the passage of 20 paupert to Americ, and
they were lo leave on the first of April via Liver
pool for Boston or New York. Tbe Martuia of
Lansdowne waa also about to pay the passages of a
large number of poor Irish people lo the United
State this spring, as h did in 1851.
tJTAn important suit unaer me present Honor
law hu just been decided in Trre Hants, Ind
It seems, a liquor seller bad sold a man brandy,
from tbe effect of which be fell into the cjuuI,
causing congestion, from which he died. Tbe juiy
swsrdedlhe plaiutiff (widew of tbe docea oi,)
damages te the amount ef 500.