The Hood River news. (Hood River, Or.) 1909-current, July 03, 1912, Page 10, Image 10

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cm J
irrirrcii poikt
fThla matter mut not be reprinted with
out e pedal permission.
Sprinkling common road dust on
young iear and cherry trees will de
stroy the slug that feed on the leave.
There Is no machine on record that
seems calculated to work more perfect
ly than the stomach of a small boy
when apples are green and the swini
mln's good.
There isn't much excuse for the
mail boy having a gun, but with on
of the lutest air guns that have been
put out he can make a pretty effective
campaign against the sparrow tribe.
Kansas farmers are provided agnlnst
an outbreak of hog cholera in view of
the fact that 1 .000.000 cubic centi
meters of the cholera serum are on
hand at the State Agricultural college.
Scientific farming In a broad sense
is merely the application of brain
power rather than brawn and the let
ting of one's head, so far as may be
possible, save labor for hands and feet.
Milo maize belongs to the corn fami
ly and possesses both as to stalk and
grain about the same feeding qualities.
For this reason the mllo maize is suit
able for sllnge purposes the same as is
There Is nothing that will clean up
a weedy pasture or meadow in shorter
order than a flock of sheep. They
will forage chiefly on vegetation that
Is useless or worse than useless and
convert It Into meat
A rickety fence Is a bit expenslre
when, as In an Instance reported in a
country paier the other day, thirteen
horses were killed outright by getting
on to a railroad ripht of way and being
run down by a fast night train.
It is well for those interested in
growing alfalfa to rememler that If
a piece of land has once grown alfalfa
It ret:tii. the nitrogen fl-ing bacteria
for a ierlod of from four to six years
after the crop has been plowed up.
In one locality with which the writer
la familiar, where many pieces of clo
ver were killed out ns a result of last
summer's drought, a field of alfalfa has
at present a fine stand and bids fair
during the season to exceed the three
ton yield of last year.
Not only do the Buff Orpingtons
have broad breasts and yellow skins,
but they attain a good size, the cock
birds often reaching a weight of thir
teen iHiunds. I'.esldes this, the fowls
are quiet and docile, and the hens
make the best of mothers.
The Ontario Agricultural college has
a plan in oeratim whereby It fur
lilslies the services of a drainage ex
ert free for laying out a drainage sys
tem for any farmer who will pay his
car fare, and for this the roads of the
province charge but a cent a mile. The
method outllnei Is one that has a
great deal to commend it.
Many a farmer will this summer be
heljed out In the rush of work by
young men who are taking courses
at their state agricultural schools, and
it Is fair to assume that In a majority
of instances these farmers will be well
served. The students referred to are
not only Industrious and willing to
work, but. what Is more, are Interested
In farm work ami problems. If you
au get hold of one of these lads give
him a chance
There are three tool that every or
rhardWt who has tc.e care of any con
siderable uiiimIkt of fruit trot should
have namely, the pruning shear which
will clip a limb an Ire li In diameter
with ease, the small one bnnd shear
for snipping small twigs and the
swlel pruning saw, the narrow blade
of which will saw at ri-ljt angles to
the frame when Inserted Urlweeu two
Uuil close together. The writer has
used all three of these tools and has
found them a most satisfactory com
bination. The first half year of the great ln
t rriBtHinnl egg laying contest which
t being held under the nniwrvMon of
the Missouri State Agricultural college
closed May I. and some Interesting
result have Ix-cn noted. The first
prize for let performance of five pul
lets In egg production was won by
a pen of Marred Hock belonging to
() E. Kenning of Mead. Neb The
five pullets laid 1.17 eggs In twenty
day. One w k during the period
mrh of the five laid an egg every day
of the week, while one laid an egg
eiery dsy for forty seven consecutive
days. Slm-e the close of the first six
months a wn of Black Orpingtons
tinve taken the lend In number of eggs
prod if fd. and the Brown l(horna ar
fast rtuulng to the front
I 1 . a .-I
n J: vs
According to figures lately published
by the ceiiau bureau at Washington,
the United State produced .In WOO
over WUO.u0 pound of butter, val
ued at fi '.". lOO.Ouo. In the year for
which the figures are clvon Wisconsin
Uwl In huttiT nml net Ion. and Iowa was
a cioae aecono.
It'a a sort of strain on the eternal
fitness of things to see a woman who
ought to be wheeling a tmby cab lead
ing one of those little white woolly
f.n.-a Hf th end at liluk Ktrllli.'. but
I nriA Bttua mora rtillrnloiw fhiin this 1ft
eeliig a man tlpi'lug the scale at ISO
pounds doing the same thing.
The primary election system will not
siake vicious men clean and patriotic
or take slugpird Toters by the nape of
the ueck and haul them to the polls,
but it will give those citizens who do
exercise the right of suffrage a fair and
i unhindered chance to express their po
' litlcal preference In the matter of se
lecting candidates.
A patch of sunflowers will not only
furnish the flock of hens refreshing
shade during the hot summer days,
but the seed from the ripe beads will
furnish a most welcome change during
the moulting season. If a liberal
amount of earth is taken up with the
roots the plants may be reset in the
henyard after they have reached a
height of from eighteen to twenty
four Inches.
Where one wishes to force produc
tion of strawberries nitrate of soda
makes a fine fertilizer. In applying
it Is best to remove the coarser lumps
and then sift the remaining portion
with a fine sieve so as to remove the
powder. The remaining fertilizers will
be granular in form, and this should
be sprinkled over the plants when the
leaves are dry, and any particles re
maining on the leaves should be
brushed off with a feather duster or
old broom.
The many precautions uttered in
the matter of the unusual need of
testing all seed corn planted, owing
to the poor condition of much of the
supply saved for seed last fall, seem
to have resulted In a stand that In
many sections of the corn belt Is bet
ter than It has been for years. The
mere fact that care was exercised in
this particular will mean a difference
of hundreds of thousands or even mil
lions of dollars in the crop that will
be harvested next fall.
In the case of both alfalfa and
clovers a better quality of hay will be
secured If it is cut in the forenoon,
left in the windrow until mldafternoon
or a little later, when it should be put
In cocks of about eighty pounds each
and covered with a bay cap. Under
these conditions the hay will cure in
four or five days. One advantage of
this method lies in the fact that the
hay does not become so brittle as when
exposed several hours to a bright sun,
and hence far fewer leaves break off
A tract of small apple trees that the
writer saw the other day lsre iht
suaslve evidence of the fact that It is
l physical Impossibility for on orchard
to serve ns a fruit producer and a calf
and horse pasture at the same time.
The trees were barked and had had the
leaves browsed off, and the soli was
?ettlng packed and hard from the
:ramping of the stock. If this condi
tion continues the money put Into
Ihese trees at the start, as well as any
:are given them since, will have been
the same as thrown away.
The department of agriculture at
Washington, under direction of Secre
tary Wilson and Dr. Galloway, head
of the bureau of plant Industry, has
started In the northern states the
'demonstration farm" work which has
lone so much for southern agriculture
In recent years under the suiervlslon
Df the late fr. Knapp. While a small
er appropriation was asked for, a to
tal of IMC" JO has been appropriated
by the present congress for this farm
lemonstratlon work In northern am1
southern states. The service rendered
along this line has been of inestimable
benefit to southern farmers, and there
Is reason to believe that It will be alike
beneficial to the farms of the north.
In view of the high prices prevailing
for most of the things we eat, It is in
teresting to note a menu that was
served by a domestic science class of
the Oregon Agricultural college on the
occasion of a recent visit of Ir. Lane,
a representative of the United States
department of agriculture. The cost
for serving six people was $2. and this
covered every oxicnse. The repast
consisted of fruit cocktail, creamed
peas, lamb chops, rolls, rlced fxjtatoes,
asparagus, a salad of cucumbers, rad
ishes, pimentos and nuts In little boats
made by hollowing out the cucumbers,
with mayonnaise dressing, a lemon
lherlet. cheese straws and strawlx-rry
It is remnrkable In how short a time
the trees alciut the house will fairly
swamp It in shade. For this reason
they should be kept trimmed up. and
If the trees are too thick hs they ln
rrease In size some of them should be
taken out. Shade Is all right In its
place, but too much of It Is a good
leal worse than too much sunshine.
In fact, from the standolnt of health,
there could not be tor) much of the
latter. One summer some seasons ago
the writer remembers an tnstnnce of
l bouse that was so surrounded with
ohiide and conditions about and In It
to damp thnt books mildewed on the
ahelves. Abundant sunshine Is needed
to overcome Just svrh condition a
Those who are engaged lu the fruit
growing business lu a serious way
for profit rather than pastime con
sider the thinning of fruit as essen
tial a part of the enterprise a prun
ing, spraying and cultivation. In time
past, wheu in mauy au apple orchard
the fruit was shaken off the tree or
knocked off with a rake or pole, the
points of quality and size of fruit
were uot so important and the thiu
nlng of it wus therefore quite buiht-
Ouous. But lu these later days, with
lox fruit retailing at from $1.50 to
$t per box, quality Is of prime con
sideration, and thinning Is made neces
sary. The thinuiug process not only
results In a larger and more uniform
size of fruit, but makes It possible to
eliminate in the process fruit that Is
defective or injured. Besides this, It
relieves the trees of an overload and
make it easier to get them Into the
annual bearing habit The work of
thinning should be done when the ap
ples are about an Inch in diameter,
and they should not be left on the
trees nearer than seven inches apart
This will seem pretty thin Just after
the Job Is done, but when the apples
are full grown the trees will have all
they should bear. It Is quite natural
the first time the Job Is done to re
move only about half of the fruit that
needs throwing on the ground, with
the necessity arising later of doing
the Job again when the apples are
half grown. What is said above of
apples applies with equal force to
peaches and pears, with the exception
that the latter fruits need thinning
to but from four to six Inches, depend
ing somewhat upon the size of the
No spray has proved so satisfactory
for chinking potato blight as the bor
deaux mixture. This is made by
slaking carefully, so It will not bake
and lump, five, ten or more pounds of
fresh stone Ume. The equivalent of
five pounds of the lime in Its original
form should then be diluted so as to
make half a barrel of llmewater. Next
dissolve five pounds of blue vltiiol In
four or five gallons of water, and after
diluting the amount dissolved In about
twenty-five gallons of water ndd slow
ly to the Ume solution, stirring care
fully the while. It Is well in fact
necessary to have the Ume in excess
In the solution so that it will not burn
the foliage of the plants. To determine
this take half a pint of the solution
as made after thorough stirring and
add a few drops of prusslate of pot
ash (a deadly poison), which will throw
a chocolate brown precipitate if the
lime Is not in excess. If this should
be the case enough more lime solution
should be added so that this precipi
tate will not be formed. If it is de
sired to bit the potato bugs at the same
spraying commercial arsenate of lead
should be added to the solution at the
rate of two and n hulf pounds to fifty
gallons. During the spraying operation
the solution should be kept stirred
every few minutes.
Judsonla, Ark., is one of the great
strawberry shipping jiolnts of the
south. The business there is run on
a stock company basis so far as the
marketing end of it is concerned. The
association includes 340 stockholders,
and the tracts which these have In
berries vary In size from a few rods
square to forty acres. In 1911 the ber
ries produced by the members sold for
$3oo.oiO. And on May 13 of the pres.
ent season the berries marketed repre
sented a cash value of over $10.00), the
prices ranging from $2.f0 for the best
grades to H2 cents per crate for the
lowest grade. The soil of the district
is light and sandy and Is free from
stones. The crop rotation followed by
the best growers Is cowpeas, potatoes
or oats and strawterr!es. The land is
given a liberal application of fertilizers
rich In potash and phosphorus.
When the small sample of cream con
tained in the Babcock testing tube at a
creamery Is so odorous that It offends
the nostrils nt a distance of several
Inches It Is high time for the butter
maker or manager to Inquire into the
conditions existing on the farm from
which this cream comes which are re
sponsible fo' the smell. It Is highly
important that the Babcock test should
be used to determine the per cent of
butter fat of the cream contributed by
different patrons, but It Is Just as Im
portant that the cream furnished should
be produced under conditions which
will Insure its being sweet and clean.
There is a whole lot of missionary
work to be done along this line, and
there Is especial need of it In those
localities served by gathered cream
There 'is no reason under the snn
why the man who owns a quarter sec
tion farm and lias money fn the bank
besides should not own an automobile.
Both he and his wife and quite likely
other members of the family hnve
worked hard to acquire (he property,
and it Is entirely fitting that they
should take this method of realizing
some tangible pleasure and comfort
from the result of their labors. They
w'll be able to enjoy many a trip
abroad, visit with nelghlwrs and
friends more often than before, and,
Ix-sldes this, the very change that the
automobile will give them will serv
to make the farm and Its various In
terests no l ss attractive.
Economy in Painting
Your House
does not mean buying the paint sold at the
lowest price per gallon. It means getting the
paint that covers the most surface per gallon
and gives the greatest number of years of service
in other words, the best value for your dollar.
costs less because it takes less and lasts longer.
Let us show you pleasing color combinations,
the delightful Columbia River Route on
the Steamers
STEAMER "T. J. POTTER" leaves Portland at 10:30 p. m. (daily except Sunday
.nd Monday) arriving Astoria fi:00 a. m. and Meirlrr at 7:30 a. m. Returning leaves Antoria
daily excet Sunday. Monday and Tuesday at 7:00 a. m., Mrnrler at 9 30 a.m., arriving Tort
land 4:30 p. m. On Sunday, leaves Astoria 7:00 a. m., Meglcr 9:00 p. m., arriving Portland at
5:30 a. m Monday.
STEAMER "HASSALO" leaves Portland daily (except Saturday and Sunday) at
8:00 a. m., Saturday at 1 p. m., arriving Antoria 1:30 p. m.. Merrier 2:15 p. m. On Saturday
arriving Megler 6:30 p. m. Returning leaves Mogler daily Except Saturday and Sunday at
2:45 p. m., arriving Portland 10:00 p. m. Sunday leaves Megler 9:00 p. m., arriving Portland
6:30 a. m.
STEAMER "HARVEST QUEEN" leaves Portland daily (except Saturday and Sun
day) at 8:00 p. m., Saturday at 10:00 p. m. for Antoria and way landings. Returning leaves
Antoria daily except Sunday at 7:00 a. m., arriving Portland 6.00 p. m.
Trains meet all boats at Megler for North Beach Points
Astoria $1.50
( Saturday to-Monday tickets 3.00
North Beach i Season tickets 4.00
(Five-ride Round-trip tickets 13.00
One-day River Trip, Portland to Megler and return 2.00
J. H. FREDRICY, Agenl 0-W. R. & N.
Contains absolutely NO
artificial coloring.
A household
gtT All kinds of Preferred
A plntio for n nli-M, If you urt the
lucky tiumftt-r nt .hirk Morrlnoti'
nhootltiK jrnll-ry on SitouiI slni't,
A hiticc with every InillMeye. U.'itf
sfc3 . wA ZkST
estimate quantity needed, or be of
any other service we can, whether
you buy or not.
Come in and get an Acme Quality Painting
Guide Book and some color suggestions.
Stock Catsup, in
class, ii manufactured
especially to order for lis
by the most approved methods
Preferred Stock Canned Goods
FMkse fkimu la Best an Orowa
uniform in their high quality and purify.
tuctuity PrtfirrtJ Stock jrom your Grocer
Wholesale Grocers, PORTLAND, ORBGOIf , U.S.A.
T. i. iavki;iv
Mutual Insurance at HI) Per fnt of Old Mne
Kale. Kire Inmiranre on HuiMinir in
(Vrtirne of Construction, Free.
NOTARY Plinl.ltt "N Tim HHIOIITa
The Quality Wlorc
Perigo & Son
6 acres in Apples and
Pears; house ana barn; on
two county roads. Abun
dance of good water with
place; 1 mile from town.
Would consider trade in city property
H. M. PRINDLE, :: P. 0. Box 357
Washington Apple
A solid block of 1G0 acres
young apple trees; near
Goldendale, Klickitat coun
ty. Will make reasonable
price and terms on one
half or three-fourths. A
sightly location overlook
ing Klickitat valley and a
fine view of Alt. Hood and
Mt. Adams and I think the
most likely looking young
orchard in the Northwest.
W. G. DAVIS, Owner
Goldendale, Washington
Nciit anil nutty juli printing iii1ck
cxcciited nt the New (dike.
Water Works
for the
"Hello. Jim, when did
yen put I n water-works
"About a month sgo.
Charley, and I never
toadied be (or. bow
much convenience and
real enjoyment l'vebeeo
log au tills time."
sent for a free book I
1 I -How I
m a.
advertised, called
r I Mulved th. Water
Supply frobl.m,' and II
opene1 my eyes, 1 tell you."
n i . i i . i . i
bave running water on my place
s easily as town people, so I
ordered an outfit, set It up my
self, and It works to perfection.
It la called tba
Water Supply
I rut in a bathroom, have hot
nd c ld water In th. kitchen mod
laundi y and yon sea what a strong
pressure I bav. In this bos.."
"How do you get that pressure,
Jim ?"
"It's very simple. Charley com
pressed air. You see. my windmill
pumps water Into a steel tank In my
basement (not th. old-fashioned
clumsy, outdoor gravity tank). Th.
air in this tauk. being elastic. Is com
pressed Into the upper half as th.
water enters. This compressed air
then fives pressure which forces
the water through th. does all over
thea house, the garden and the barn'
"1 can wash my buggies, clean out
the stables, water the gardens, and
pip. water to th. stock so easily. It
seems almost like dream."
"Then I have absolute Are protec
tion, and that's worth a great deal oa
the (arm you know.
Do you want a copy of this
book. Mr. Header?
It will show you bow easily this
system can be applied to your
own farm, and what a tlm.
and labor saver It will prove.
at moderate cost.
The tltl. of the bo- U "How
I Hi. Writ the Water
pnpply 1'roMem." ami
w. ifnj it tKLh lu any oee
Inter!!. Btner writ sow,
MI the tell t It fmh Is ru
piiO't. Y"u If turtly Uur ra4.
let" AJJml .
Apple Land & Orchard Go.
Office No. 9 Oak St. Phone 2 6 or 2002-K
Opposite the Post Office
Home I'hone 20
Spray and
Garden Hose I
f: piumbina
and Wagon Work
Farm Implements and
Logging tools repaired.
Plow work a specialty.
Howell Bros.
J Tw o doors cast of Fashion
lood River, Ore. Phone 22 7-X
Wire Wound Continuous Stave
Ki:LI.Y I5ROS., Ajrentu
4th St. Itvt. Onk and State
I'hone 227-M Hood River, Ore.
The Trim Looking Team
shown in the iiiclure, are evi
dently pond roadsters. In order
to keep them ho, no pains
should he spared to keep them
carefully shod. As
Experienced Horscshoers
we know the importance of
keeping them carefully shod.
Let us do your horseshoeing
work. You wont regret it.
Phone 64-X