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About The banner-courier. (Oregon City, Or.) 1919-1950 | View This Issue
Independent and prog res.
sive, The Banner-Courier cov
ers, with larger circulation
than that of any ether paper, .
every portion of Clackamas
Clackamas county justly
boasts of the intelligence and
progress of her citizens, the
excellence of her schools,
Churches, farms and homes.
TEE BANNER-CQURIER, OREGON CITY, OREGON, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1922.
! j i (V .ll, tly
NEW YEAR' S DAY
STILL RETAINS HER
For Many Years Celebrated
As Continuation Of
NOW A FEAST DAY
Exchanging Gifts On New Years Day
Sign of Good Will Between Friends
Probably after Hallowe'en and
Christmas there Is no festival of the
year so girt about with long-established
customs as New Year's day.
Among the best known of these are
the auguries drawn from what was
called the "Candlemas bull." In Scot
land and other northern countries the
term Candlemas, given to this season
of the year, is supposed to have had
its origin in religous ceremonies per
formed by candle light. The candles
used were very large and highly orna
mented, and were brought in at the
midnight hour to the assembled guests,
who, since the falling of dusk, had
been drinking freely of the wassail
bowl. Then in possession, they
marched out into the night, and to
their imaginations the passing clouds
assumed the shape of a bull. From
the rise and fall and general motions
of these clouds the seer foretold good
or bad weather. Sometimes, too, au
guries for .the future were gathered
from the state of the atmosphere on
New Year's Eve, and also from the
force and character of the wind.
Christmas Cheer Continued
Perhaps what contributed most to
this general fear of sinister influences
was the deep drinking among the peo
ple, which continued almost uninter
ruptedly from Christmas until New
Year's day. Up to the ninth century,
except in the Syrian and Coptic
churches. New Year's was not cele
brated as a special feast day, but was
looked upon as merely the octave of
Christmas. Therefore the Christmas
cheer was continued throughout the
entire octave without abatement. It
flickered up for the last time on New
.Year's day. - ''
This custom seems to have had its
rise in the conduct of the nobles of
the late Middle ages, who were in the
habit of bestowing gifts upon , their
sovereign. Naturally the ruler, not
wishing to remain under obligations to
them, returned the gift in a princely
fashion. In England, however, espec
ially in the time of Queen Elizabeth,
this custom became so burdensome
that it occasioned general protest
among the nobles and the custom fell
into disuse, and in the time of George
IV was abandoned.
The giving of gilts was also very
common among the people. On Christ
mas, and often on St. Stephen's day,
employers, parents and masters pre
sented Christmas boxes to their de-
TlfmilpTits Tt -was a fnrm nf P.liriKt-
imas charity. On New Year's day,
however, gifts were exchanged be
tween friends and acquaintances as a
sign of good will.
A. R. Jacobs Now Sole
Owner of Woolen Mills
at Oregon City
A. R. Jacobs, for many years presi
dent and manager of the Oregon City
Manufacturing Company, on Thursday
last announced his purchase of the in
terests of I. Jacobs in the concern, this
action giving A. R. Jacobs-entire own
ership of the firm. Although no figures
' are available, it is believed the trans
action approximated $750,000.
Mr. Jacobs will continue as presi
dent and manager of the concern, and
.he states that no changes in the organ
ization are planned. It is probable, ac
cording to Mr. Jacobs, that negotia
tions for the enlargement and improve
ment of the company's- property may
be started in the near future.
The Oregon City Manufacturing com
pany is one of Oregon City's vital in
dustries and one of the city's greatest
advertisers. Between 700 and 800 men
and women are employed in the local
plant, the value of which is estimated
at $3,000,000. . v . .
MRS. IRENE MAY KROESE
BURIED IN, MT. VIEW
Funeral services for Mrs. Irene May
Kroese of 6348, 87th street, Portland,
were held from the Holman & Pace
chapel, Tuesday afternoon at one
o'clock. The interment was in Moun
tain View cemetery.
Mrs. Kroese died at the home of her
foster parents, Mr. and Mrs. August
Splinter, of Maple Lane, Sunday. She
was 24 years of age and is survived her
husband, Abraham Kroese, and a little
daughter two yers of age.
Marriage License Issued
; A marriage license was issued Sat
urday to Sylvester John Schroer, 23,
Gladstone, and Jennie Zielaskowski, 17,
Parkplace. . .
Dedication Day Will' Be
Historic In Annals Of
GOOD WILL PREVAILS
Twin Cities Joined With An Age
Enduring Span Cemented With
The world moves.
The masterpieces of the day are in
the discard of to morrow.
The truth of the above statements
are well borne out by the history of the
old suspension bridge whose successor
was formally opened to the public to
day. The old bridge torn down to make
persons in property holdiings on the
the Pacific Bridge company at a cost
of $25,000.00. Of this amount, $20,000
was paid by the county and $5,000 was
contributed by extensively interested
persons property holdings on the
west side of the river. - -
Up to 1889 the method of communi
cation between the east and west sides
had been by means of a toll ferry.
The prices charged being for a team
of horses, or mules, or a yoke of oxen
was 50 cents. Men or women on horse
back 25 cents. For foot passengers 10
First Free Suspension Bridge.
The structure heralded throughout
the land as the triumph of the engin
eers skill was the first free suspension
bridge west of the Rocky Mountains.
For several years after its completion
it was the mecCa for visitors, who
came by 'hoat from Portland to view
the structure at the falls of the Willa
mette. - .. - j
One Fatality While being Built . ,
flnp nf thf workmen emnloved on
the olrl bridsrfi was killed bv a fall
while the work was in progress.
Big Celebration At Opening.
The opening of the old bridge was
a momentous event. The people of
Clackamas county turned out en masse
to the celebration.
Thomas M. Miller veteran bailif of
the circuit court was the leader of the
Oregon City band at that time and
led the populace on the march to and
from the west side, to the stirring
music of "Marching Through Georgia."
The First To Cross.
Then as now competition as who
should be the first to cross was
keen, and the honor was won by Ed.
Fields, since deceased who got by the
guards, and crossed on a line of 12
inch planks. Mrs. Maggie Cross -widow
of Truman Cross was the first
woman to cross. She was accompanied
by her husband who was the second
First Horse To Cross.
"Old Barney" owned by .Thomas
Miller, bailiff and bandmaster, was the
first horse to cross the structure.
Whether this fact added to his years
is 'not vouched for but "Old Barney,"
best known horse ever owned in Ore
gon City, lived until ten years ago.
when he died at the age of 35 years.
He was owned by Miller until his
Oxen li The Parade.
A feature of the parade that march
ed, that first opening day was a yoke
of Oxen driven by W. Carey Johnson.
The oxen were to feature the passing
of pioneer days, and to herald the
modern means of travel by the swifter
horse. . Another feature of the parade
was the high wheeled bicycle ridden
by Linn E. Jones, who was just grad
uating from knee breeches at the time.
Carey W. Johnson was a brother of
Hezekeah Johnson and Ed. Fields was
a brother of Clarence Fields at present-
connected with the. Portland
Railway Light .and Power Company
The old bridge served its purpose
well, and but for the advent of the
motor truck would no doubt be in use
to day with a prospect for many years
of usefulness before it. Succumbing
to the march of progress the old struc
ture was dismantled one year ago when
in response to the demands for a
structure that would care for the de
mands to be made upon it by the open
ing of , the Pacific highway the con
struction pf the present structure',
which ranks as the longest single span
bridge in the world was commenced.
We who have witnessed the growth
from day to day have marveled at the
modern miracle of engineering, which
has taken from before our eyes. Will
the next 32 years see this structure
replaced with a more modern creation?
Or will it last through the century to
come. - -
The twin cities, Oregon City and
West Linn, one the county seat, the
other the industrial metropolis of
Clackamas county were, after practical
separation during a considerable por
tion of the time during the construc
tion of the new bridge today joined
together again by the dedication and
formal opening of the bridge across
the beautiful Willamette. '
State officials including acting gov
ernor Ritner, members of the highway
commission, Yeon and Parrett were
present and took part in the cere
monies. Mayor Baker of Portland;
Halvorsen, Salem; Junke, Sandy, and
others were present, the first mention
ed taking part also. Ov,er thirty autos
containing members of the "Rose City"
Ad Club were in the , parade . while
thousands of visitors from other out
side points were present and helped
The program of the day opened by
the Oregon City band and the local
Oregon City and West Linn Dedicate New Span
H i W. - wf-41;-j
K " s 4 1 -v j ' J'vtv it'S&S v a
-M : : 2
VTOTABLES AND SCENES of today's celebration. (1) Mayor James
Shannon of Oregon City; (2) Falls of the Willamette river just
above the bridge, where horsepower is generated that makes possible
the $3,000,000 payroll of Oregon City and West Linn; (3) Mayor Harry
Greaves of West Linn; (4) The new Pacific Highway bridge, dedicated
today, photo made and copyrighted by Ralph J. Eddy; (5) Joseph E.
Hedges, president of the Oregon City Commercial club; (6) old suspen
sion bridge, first built west of the Rocky mountains, erected in 1889, and
replaced by new structure; (7) M. 7. Latourette, general chairman of
the bridge celebration; (8) birdseye view of the manufacturing district
above the bridge; (9) huge paper mills, -part of Hawley plant in fore
ground, Crown-Willamette mills beside the falls; (10) Judge J. U.
Campbell, marshal of the day; (11) Franklin T. Griffith, toastmaster at
banquet that will end celebration.
G. A. R. file and drum corps on Main
Street at the court house.
On schedule time Miss Harriet
Phipps was crowned queen of the ded
ication ceremonies, surrounded by her
maids of honor and attendants. The
crown was placed by Oregon City's
genial mayor. .. .' '
This ceremony was followed by a
reception to the royal party -at the
commercial club rooms.
M. D. Latourette, general chairman
of the committee, directed affairs as
sisted by the grand marshall, Judge
J. U. Campbell and aides. Several
hundred automobiles wended their
way through the thronged streets in
the line of march leading to the Crown
Willamette Inn. '
Out on the bridge seventy feet above
the surface, "Where rolls the Oregon"
the formal dedication of ,the magnifi
cent span took place. It was the mid
day hour and every foot of available
space was occupied by an interested
happy throng Of people. County
Judge" H. Ft. Cross, Mayor George L.
Baker of Portland and Mayor Halvor
sen of Salem spoke briefly and queen
Harriet christened the splendid span
with a bottle of pure mountain water4
Mayor Shannon of Oregon City and
Mayor Greaves unlocked the final bar
ier at the center of the span as whistles
from the industrial plants and noarby
boats rendered their glad salute.
At the Coown Willamette Inn a fine
banquet was served to more than three
hundred guests of honor. Franklin T.
Griffith, toastmaster, introduced the
veteran roadbuilder, Samuel Hill who
responded with a splendid tribute to
Oregon and good roads. George
H. Himes, Secretary of the Oregon
Historical Society, was also introduced
and spoke briefly. Other speakers were
acting governor Ritner, George Staple
ton, president of Portland' Prograssive
Business ; Men's Club, and Mayor
George L. Baker, all of whom delighted
those present with tributes of praise
or pleasantries for the leaders of pro
gress in Oregon,
THE NEW STRUCTURE
Oregon City-West Linn bridge, the
connecting link of the Pacific highway.
Building of bridge commenced July 29,
1921. . Built at a cost of $275,000. Com
pleted and dedicated to the public De
cember 28, 1922. Designed by the Ore
gon State Highway Commission, C. B.
McCullough,-. state - bridge engineer.
Length, 850 , feet; deck above low
water at mid-span, 77 feet. Main span,
steel rib arch with granite encase
ment, 350 feet; span 100 feet high. Ap
proaches reinforced concrete beam and
slab spans. The height of West Linn
pier from rock foundation to road
level, 98 feet; width 18 feet; two
sidewalks each. 4 feet wide. Weight
of the steel in a'rch is 480 tons; rein
forcing steel in arch is 480 tons; rein-
4,600 cubic yards; granite, 250 cubic
R. A. Furrow, resident engineer with
C. P. Richards, assistant engineer, have
been on the ground constantly since
work was commenced nearly seventeen
months ago. Joseph E. Hedges, presi
dent of the Commercial Club, in his
address at the dedication today, ex
pressed 'in fitting words an apprecia
tion of the engineers work, when he
said, in part: "Here in this structure
compieteu we benoia a aream come
true-"the materialization of the vision
of a leader of men in engineering."
The last speaker Frank Branch Riley
captivated his audience with "The
Glories of Oregon", as did Miss Lor
raine Lee wtih her delightful singing.
The marriage-of Miss Ella Averta
Parker of West Linn and Louis E.
Hartke Jr., of Oregon City symbolized
the journey together the two munici
palities. The Current Story.
It is with genuine pride and
satisfaction that the Banner-Courier
furnish its readers and the public
in this issue the most complete, in
teresting and anthentic story writ
ten of the Oregon City-West Linn
bridge, and of todays dedication
ceremonies and for necessary re
search requiring vast effort and time
for this literary and historic pro
duct, chief credit to W.W. Woodbeck
veteran newspaper "man and corres
pondent is hereby gladly acknow
ledged. The Banner-Courier hopes
for its patrons the same degree of
pleasure in this special feature, that
has been its own pleasure in the
DUTIES OF COUNTY
AGENT MADE CLEAR
The Banner-Courier ' belives that
investment in the work of the county
agent is fully justified, and that his
field of effort is sufficiently broad
for the accomplishment of much good
for the agricultural interests of the
county. . -
This is the interpretation placed up
on Secretary Wallace's statement by
County Agent W. A. Holt.
I wish to make it perfectly clear
that the statement of the Secretary of
Agriculture concerning the relation of
Federal cooperative employes to agri
cultural organizations, issued August
25, 1922, places no new restrictions
upon the work as it is conducted in
Clackamas County or any other coun
ties of the state. From the very be
ginning, county agent work has been
conducted in harmony with this mem
orandum. In place of prohibiting
county agents from assisting in con
nection with marketing problems, the
memorandum' specifically points out
that it is the duties of the employes to
assist in the solution of marketing
as well as production problems, and
Secretary Wallace has repeatedly em
phasized his conviction that the solu
tion of the farmers economic problems
is a matter of paramount importance at
the present time.
FUNERAL SERVICES HELD
FOR ESTEEMED CITIZEN
Funeral services for Anton Neilsen
highly esteemed resident of Hazilia,
who died at his home last Saturday
were held from the Finley undertak
ing parlors in Portland Tuesday morn
ing at 11 o'clock with interment in
the Rose City cemetery. Anton Neil-
sen was born in Dennmark 57 years
ago and has been a resident of Hazelia
for. the past 22 years. He has been
in failing health for thre past eighteen
months. He has taken an active part
in the civic, affairs of the neighbor
hood, and was one of the ardent sup
porters of the Clackamas county fair.
During the world war he was ready
to help in every patriotic movement.
Above all he was beloved by all in the
community who designated him as "our
best neighbor." The pall bearers were
Frank Whitten, J. P. Cook, W. B.
Cook, Hugh Baker, John Bieties, and
Mr. Young. He is survived by his wid
ow, Mrs. Gertrude Neilson.
HIS FIRST MESSAGE
Will Urge Graduated Income
Tax Based On Amount
Paid To U.S.
Wants Highway Construction Under
Way Completed And Educational
Institutions Held To Millage
Walter M. Pierce, who will take over
the reins of the state government the
first of the year, will urge upon the
legislature, in his message several
measures intended to change methods
of taxation. He will emphasize also
the consolidation of boards ond com
missions, though just what depart
ments will be affected is not yet an
nounced. Urges lincome Tax '
The governor-elect announces his
firm desire for a graduated income tax. '
And to provide against the construe
tion of more tax-eating machinery, he
will propose the enactment of a law
providing for the payment of the tax
to the state treasurer at the same time
as' payment is made to 'the federal of
fice. This state income tax under this
plan, will be a fractional part, as one
half or one-third the amount paid the
federal government. Under this plan
it would require only a limited number
of clerks to "check up" the payments.
Road Construction .
The completion of state highway
work nows under way, including the
Roosevelt highway, is the aim of Mr.
Pierce, who favors also a paid high
way commission. To keep the high
ways in repair he may urge an addi
tional tax of at least two cents a gallon
on gasoline and possibly a higher Ji
cense for high-priced pleasure cars.
State Market Agent.
The new governor will, it is report
ed, recommend the creation of a state,
market agent to take over the inspec
tion of hay and grain and to make re
ports on markets.
Millage Tax Suffices
The higher educational institutions
will have to make their expenditures
come within their millage tax incomes,
if the legislature co-operates with the
new governor in this matter.
Mr. Pierce will strive to add to the
assessment rolls of the state at least
$200,000,000 by" equalization of exist
ing assessments. As means to this
end, he claims that public service cor
porations can share more of the tax
burden than they now share and that
assessments of merchandise should be
made at a time when stores contain
their peak of merchandise, instead of,
as at the present, assessments of the
lowest stocks. Further, the governor
elect hopes to effect such reforms in
taxation that half the state tax may be
raised from new sources of taxation.
And in this way the farmers' taxes
may be reduced accordingly.
Another reform Mr. Pierce proposes
is to confer on the state tax commis
sion state-wide jurisdiction. to control
and equalize assessments.
GEO. SINN HAS CLOSE CALL
CAR STRUCK AT CROSSING
George Sinn, residing on R. F. D. 3,
Oregon CityA had a narrow escape from
being crushed, Tuesday morning, when
the car he was driving was struck at
the crossing at Eleventh street by the
northbound Southern Pacific passenger
The accident happened about nine
o'clock. The train, due to leave Ore
gon City at 9:44, was a few minutes
late. The -automobile driven by Sinn
was completely demolished and turned
over by the side of the track. The in
jured man was taken to the office of
Dr. C. H. Meissner, where an examina
tion was made, and although bleeding
copiously, his injuries were found to
consist of a contusion on his back, and
neck. How he escaped more serious
injury is considered almost a miracle.
PRESIDENT RESPONDS TO
REQUEST OF MAYOR SHANNON
Mayor James Shannon ha3 received
a communication from the white
House, in response to a telegram sent
President Harding in which the mayor
urged that measures be taken for the
relief of the fire suffers of Astoria.
The communication by the presidents
private secretary states that President
Harding has directed the wax depart
ment to dispatch army officers to
Astoria, to make an official appraisal
of the situation and as soon as he has
this report he will be glad to give
expression in suitable form to the
measure already proposed for the re
lief of the community.
FOR SALE ood," hpavy country
slab; also cordwood, 4-foot, 12 and
16-inch. Phone 9-W. 12
NEW. and second-hand furnitu
bought and sold. J. H. "Mattley
7th street, Oregon City.-