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About Oregon City courier. (Oregon City, Or.) 1896-1898 | View This Issue
Oregon City GoarieF.
A. W. OIIHH, rablllher.
obegon orrr ...Oregon
DOINGS OF THE WEEK
A Complete Review of the Telegraphio
News of This and All For
The house has passed the bondage bill
by a vote of 132 to 65.
An army of 45,000 men are now
encamped at Chickamauga.
Impartial, the official organ of the
Madrid government, reiterates that
Cervera is in Santiago harbor.
A Hawaiian annexation measure in
the form ol an amendment to the war
revenue bill has been offered in the
An independent railroad line between
Portland and the Sound is to be bnilt
At once. There is little doubt, that the
Vanderbilts are back of the enterprise
J. J. Ebana, who killed tw persons
'in San Diego county, eight years ago,
has atoned for his brutal crime with his
life. He was executed in San'Quentin
Preparations for getting the soldiers
off on the second expedition to Manila
are being carried forward with all pos
sible expedition at San Francisoo.troops
being rapidly equipped.
While minors were working in the
lied Ash vein ot Caska William colliery,
about 10 miles east of Pottsville, Pa., a
large body of water was struck and six
men are supposed to have beon drowned.
Mrs. Frank M. Pixloy, widow of the
late politician and journalist, died at
Jier ranch, noar Corte Madora, Marin
county, California. The cause of her
death was heart disoase, from which
she had suffered for many years. '
The war department has chartered
the steamers China and Colon, of the
Pacific Mail Company, which, with the
Centennial, Zealandia and Ohio, will
comprise the next expedition to the
Philippines. They will carry 6,000
men. ' ,
A novel plan to reach Corvera and
destroy his fleet is offered by J. J. Hol
land, the inventor of the submarine
torpedo boat. He says he will go into
Santiago harbor with his boat and after
first destroying the mines in the harbor
will blow up the Spanish fleet.
The blockading squadron nnder Wat
son is doing duty along the western
coast of Cuba.
The Madrid newspapers are urging
the cutting of the Amerioan cable
crossing the Atlantic, if the Cuban
cables are sovored.
The government is preparing to be
gin active operations in Cuba, the Phil
ippines and Porto Rico at once, and
bring the war to an end as quickly , as
The dispatch boat Dandy had a olose
call in a terrible storm at sea. The
water gave out. Fuul also was running
low and the little steamer finally made
harbor just in time to avert serious
Captain Concha, of the ill-fated
Spanish omisor Don Junn de Austria,
destroyed at the battle of Manila, says
that Admiral Dewey's victory at
Manila was partially diiotothedooriplt
condition of Admiral Montojo's fleet.
All Havana is fear stricken, and the
conditions in the Cuban capitol are
donor i bod as boing most distressing.
Famine is Imminent. The Spanish
government officials joalously guard
food of all kinds, and refuse to issue to
any family more thuti enough for the
needs of a single day at any one time.
It is how said that other nations will
object to Hawaii's aiding tho United
States. Such a move may lead to
serious complications. Spain, it is
thought likely, will demand an expla
nation of Dole's government, and in
case of an unsatisfactory reply will
appeal to the powers of Europe for
The war department has accoptod the
services of a company of Gorman sharp
shooters in tho eastern district of Brook'
lyn. Tho organization is known as the
independent volunteer company, ami
has 200 members. When war was first
declared between the United States
Mild Spain the organization was amoug
A Madrid dispatch say's Spain is
verging upon 'a revolution. Sinister
signs of an impending outbreak are
multiplying. The qnoen is brave and
determined. She refuses to fly the
M)untry, although urged by Empuror
Francis Joseph of Austria to do so,
News of the capture or destruction of
Corvora's fleet, it is said, is sure to
precipitate a civil war.
Charles W. Richards, sergeant of
artillery, on duty at a mortar batterv
near Fort Taylor, Key West, was fired
ilium by throe unknown men, whom
lie says lie knows to be Spaniards.' The
lire was promptly returned, but the men
escaped. Richards was slightly wound
ed. Ho says tho three men carried a
package containing dymunttu, with
which they intended to destroy the
Minor Mrwi Items,
More steel Is used in tho manufacture
of pens than in oil tho sword and gun
factories in the world.
Prince Victor Emmanuel, count of
Turin, nephew of the king of Italy, ar
rived in Now York and will make a tour
of the country.
Thadduee II. Stanton, paymaster of
the United States army, is tin only
officer of his corps who has receivod
honorary rank for gallantry in action
since the war of the rebellion.
Admiral Sampson's Fleet Opened Fire
on the Fortification! at San
tiago de Cuba.
Port au Prinoe, Hayti, June 2.
About 2 o'clock this afternoon, a fleet
composed of 14 warships, of which the
cruiser New York displayed the flag of
Rear-Admiral Sampson, and a number
of torpedo-boats began a bombardment
with heavy guns of the forts and the
harbor of Santiago de Cuba. The
American fire was directed principally
against the forts and the harbor.
The forts of Morro castle, La Socapa
and Punta Qorda suffered especially.
The cannonading was very persistent
and cannot have failed to be destruc
tive. It lasted until 8:45 P. M.
The town whioh is situated near the
inner end of the harbor, escaped dam
age. At 8:45 the cannonading diminished.
About 3 o'clock, cannon discharges
were heard at a distance (presumably
at sea), continuing for sometime, when
the firing oeased completely.
The Spanish authorities maintain
strict silenoe as to the number of vic
tims, who were apparently numerous.
A report is current that the Ameri
can warships also engaged a fleet of
Jacksonville, Fla., is likely to be
made the base of operations against
Porto Rico. General Lee will open
headquarters there immediately.
The anti-British demonstrations at
Manila are intensifying. The queen's
portraits are insnlted and all foreigners
are preparing to take refuge at Cavito.
The British battleship Renown re
ports being chased by an unknown
steamer while on her way from Ber
muda. The nationality of the pursu
ing vessel could not be learned.
The secretary of war has authorized
the governor of Nebraska to raise a leg
iment of infantry, nnder the presi
dent's second call. William J. Bryan
will be oolonel of tho new regiment.
Advioes from Cadiz say all the guns
of both batteries and forts are being re
placed by heavier guns. It is reported
that the departure of Camara's fleet has
been delayed by defects in the torpedo
boat. In the campaign againBt the Span
iards in Cuba, the army and navy will
act together. No decisive blow is likely
to be struck
by either branch of the
the other is ready to co-
According to late Manila advioes
there is serious sickness on board the
United States cruiser Boston. It is be
lieved that fish furnished the vessel at
Manila had been poisoned. The Span
iards were caught trying to strengthen
their defenses and forced to desist.
The captain of the British steamer
Laughton, who saw the Cape Verde
fleet in Curacoa harbor reports the
Spanish ships in fair chape, but coal
was quite low with them. All the ves
sels took on enough to carry them to
the next port. The Vizcaya and Maria
Teresa also took on largo quantities of
provisions and othor supplies from
As a result of the investigation the
troasury department has been making
nto the quostion of a tariff for the
Philippines to bo levied as a military
cotribution during the occupation ol
the islands by tho United States forces,
the administration have practically de
cided to enforce the existing Spanish
schedules oulv, with suon cnanges as
ciroumstancea may make necessary.
A strong expedition has landed at
Gnanatanmo. Four hundred men,
pack train and a large quantity of war
supplies compose it. It is said to be
the most powerful anti-Spanish expe
dition ever sent to Cuba. About 800
of the men are Cubans, and the others
are Americans. The pack train con
sisted of 75 mules and 25 horses. The
expedition carried 7,000 rifles and
2,000,000 rounds of ammunition for
The British steamer Kestormel was
oaptured by the St. Paul while trying
to outer Santiago harbor with a cargo
of coal for Corvera s warships,
Premier Sngaeta's race is almost run,
says a Madrid dispatch, and the over
throw of the Spanish cabinet is ouly
question of a brief time.
On Doooration day tho blue and gray
united in honoring the heroei of an
other war, the present conflict awak
ening new interest in the day.
A change of front is strongly
marked in Canada. The Canadians
express groat friendship for the United
States and Toronto churches hold spe
cial alliance Services.
Dewey did much for cordage men
this country, and the profits in the
ropnmaking industry in America will
bu largely increased by our contiol of
the Philippine islands.
Secretary Long has omoialiy com
mended Captain E. C. Clark and the
oftlceis and men under his command
for their excellent work in bringing th
battle-ship Oregon safely to Key West,
Bids are to be invited at once for the
construction of three modern fighting
vessels tor the navy. The new ships
will all bo of the Indiana type, heav
ily aruiored and formidably armed, of
a maximum speed of 10 knots. All
three are to be oomplotod within tw
and one-half years.
Schley's warships are preparing to
go into the harbor of Santiago de Cub
and force the squadron under Cervera
to give battle, Schley's squadron
consisting of six formidable ve
will probably be reinforced by the ad
dition of others before moving on the
Spaniards, thus practically assuring
victory for tf Amerioan fleet,
Military Movement on
Cuba Has Been
TRANSPOR TS FOR 30,000 MEN
Details of the Movement Are Very
Closely Guarded Troops Were Pat
in Motion Immediately on Receipt of
Do Unite News of the Spanish Fleet.
Washington, June 1. The military
fnvasion of Cuba has begun. Unlese
the orders of the war department have
miscarried, at an early hour this morn
ing tire troops that have been gather
ing at the Gull ports began to break
camp and march aboard the transports
waiting to carry them to the enemy's
territory. About 25 of these ships,
the biggest and fastest that oould be
obtained suitable for the purpose, had
been gathered ready to receive th
troops. They will accommodate about
80.000 men, for in a short voyage liku
that from the Gulf ports to Cuba, it is
possiblo, with safety and comfort, to
carry a much largor number of men
aboard ship than would be admissablo
in the case of a cruise to tlie Philip
pines, for instance.
How many tioops started this morn
ing; where they took ships, or whither
they are bound are questions which the
directing spirits of the campaign refuse
positively to answor. They have no
desire that the Spanish should have op
portunity afforded them to gather
forces to attack our soldiers as they
land. Therefore, nothing of the de
tails of this first movement can be
learned. There is a suspicion that the
start will be made from Tampa and
Mobile, and in such case, the fleet of
transports will converge at Key West
to pass under convoy of the war
ships which Admiral Sampson has pro
vided to insure the safety of the troops
during the passage across the Florida
straits to protect them againBt attack
at the hands of some stray Spanish
cruiser or gunboat.
It is probable that there will be no
less than four separate military expedi
tions, and that these will be landed
at' four different points. Whether
Porto Rico is one of those points or not,
cannot be learned. Before the entire
force which it is proposed to use in
Cuba can be landed, the transports
must make four separate voyages across
the straits. Arrangements have been
made to utilize the services of the in
surgents to the largest possible extent.
The government already has sent ex
peditions to a huge, number of points
on the island and landed arms for the
insurgents. Most of the parties' suo-
ceeded perfectly in their object, and it
was said at the war department today
that a sufficient number of insurgents
have been armed to constitute a very
effective support for tho troops as they
RIOTING FOR BREAD.
Unhappy Spain Hus Trouble Within
London, June 1. A Madrid dis-
patoh says: Distress is reported in
various parts of the interior, more es
pecially in the the provinces of Cata
lonia, where food prices have risen con
siderably, and a number of working
people have been thrown out of em
ployment. This week several factories
at Moresena, west of Barcelona, will
have to be closed, as a result of which
hundreds of families will be plunged
into misery. The local government
is endeavoring to alleviate want by
opening soup kitchens. According to
a dispatch from Una, riots occurred
yesterday in the city of Mula owing to
the scarcity of food, and especially
bread. It is known that the local au
thorities and a number of wealthy in
dividuals have arranged to have cheap
bread baked for the poor.
General Miles Leaves Washington.
Washington, Juno 1. Major-Gen-ernl
Miles, commanding the United
States army, accompanied by the mem
bers of his family and his personal and
official Btatt, left ut 11 o'clock tonight
for Tampa. The party comprises 64
persons, occupying a special train on
the Southern railway, consisting of one
Pullman, one speoial car, one combina
tion baggage aud day coach, and one
General Miles will go directly to
Tampa, where he will establish head
quarters for the army. He. will per
sonally direct the movement of the
troops in the invasion of Cuba.
Washington, June 1. The Cana
dian negotiations which have been in
progress for the past week were con
eluded tonight when the definite agree
ment was readied ior the creation ol a
commission which shall consider all
the subjects of controversy between the
United States and Canada, and frame
a treaty between the imperial govern
ment and the United States lor the
complete adjustment of their contro'
versios. The agreement is now to be
submitted to the British government
A Friendly Protest.
London, June 1. The British gov
eminent, according to a statement of a
news agency, has sent a friendly pro
test to Spain with respect to the hit
ter's strengthening the fortifications
A boy six years old in Iowa swal
lowed several lemon seeds. They
sprouted in his stomach and nearly
killed him before they were removed
MERRITT IN COMMAND.
Formal Charge of Philippine
Forces and Expedition.
San Francisco, June 1. Major-General
Merritt today established head
quarters in the PhelaD building, in the
rooms vacated by General Otis, who is
now located at Camp Merritt. , This
morning General Merritt issued an or
der assuming command of the Philip
pine expedition, and w now engaged in
completing arrangements for the for
warding of the second detachment of
troops to Admiral Dewey's assistance.
The work of preparing the steamers
Zealandia, China and Colon for the re
ception of troops is progressing slowly.
What regiments will make up the sec
ond expedition to the Philippines is
agitating the men at camp greatly..
They all want to go, but as there are
already over 12,000' men here and
more coming, and tho second expedi-
tion is to be made up of only 5,000 men,
thore will be many disappointments.
There are now five volunteer regi
ments ready, the Colorado, California,
Minnesota, Nebraska and Pennsylva
nia. Every effort to get them into
shape for service has been made, and
in view of this aotivity to get these
regiments fully equipped, it looks as if
they, with the regiments now here,
will constitute the major poition of
the second expedition.
The Red Cross Society, formed here
has $32,799. Today's contributions
were swelled by one of $500 sent in by
C. P. Huntington.
Troops for Merritt.
New York, June 1. By direction of
the president, formal orders have been
prepared for lesue adding 8,000 men
to the department of the Pacific nnder
General Merritt, increasing the force
to 20,000 men, saysthe Washington cor
respondent of the Tribune. While Gen
eral Merritt was promised a week ago
that this increase would be made, if
possiblo, difficulties insurmountable in
character were presented,and it was
only upon the success achieved by the
department yesterday in securing the
execution of certain contracts much
earlier than anticipated that it was
found possiblo to redeem the promises
These related not only to transporta
tion, but to arms, ammunition, uni
forms and other requisite equipment.
it having been feasible up to this time
to secuie these essentials for only 12,
General Merritt was informed last
nielli of the im proved prospects for
augmenting his force, and was request
ed to designate such additional volun
teer regiments from the East as he do-
aired for duty in the Philippines with
the assurance that his wishes would be
CARGO OF COAL.
The Cruiser St. Paul Secures a Klch
Key West, June 1. The British
steamship Restormel was captured by
the oruiser St. Paul and brought into
port this morning, under her own
steam, bv a prize crew. She was cap
tured while trying to put into Santiago
with a cargo of coal. The steamer was
bound from Caidiff to Porto Rico. As
the Restormel came in the British flag
was halfway down her mainmast
Newspaper men are not permitted to
approach within 100 yards of her. The
Restormel was captured by the auxil
iarv cruiser St. Paul, Captain Sigsbee,
under the very guns of Morro castle, at
Santiago de Cuba, at 6 A. M., May 25
She carried 2,400 tons of best Welch
coal from Cardiff, presumably for Ad
miral Cervera's fleet. The St. Pan
had been lvlng off Santiago for six
days, and early last Wednesday worn
me, the big collier was sighted, mak
ing at full speed for Santiago harbor,
The St. Paul fired a blank shot, and
the Restormel came to, four miles
from the Santiago forts. The forts di
not fire on the cruiser. A prize crew
in command of Lieutenant Pattson
was put on board and dispossessed the
British officers, who made no protest
Not a line was found among the ship'
papers relative to the destination
consignee of the cargo. The Restormel
was headed at once for Key West
She was leaking badly when captured
and is still in a serious condition.
The Restormel now lies in the har
bor near the wharf. The British flag
is flying at her stern. Marines patrol
the prize and will allow no one aboard
The members of the orew are not even
allowed to take newspapers offered to
theia from launches that come along
Hospital Train Provided.
Washington, June 1. With the con
sent of Secretary Alger, Surgeon-Gen
eral Sternberg has taken initial steps
for securing a hospital train for the
transportation of the invalid troops
from the front. This train is to con
aist of 10 tourist sleepers and a dining
car, and is to be iu charge of corps ot
mis rwf ?
'Ik WW ,
MAJ. CEIfERAI, MERRITT.
SCHLEY SAAV THEM
Spanish Fleet Secure
in the Santiago
ECURE IN SANTIAGO BAY
Believes That Cervera Will Blow Up
Ills Ships Kather Than Have Them
Fall Into Our Hnnds Invasion of
Cuba Expected Soou.
Washington. May 81. At 12:80
clock this morning the navy depart
ment received a dispatch from Commo
dore Schley announcing definitely that
he had located Admiral Cervera's Cape
Verde squadron in the bay of Santiago
de Cuba. The commodore states that
he has seen and recognized the vessels
of the Spanish fleet.
While the naval officers have been
moderately certain for several days
that Cervera's squadron is in the har
bor of Santiago, the official announce
ment from Commodore Schley was re
ceived by tho officers on duty at the de
partment with intense satisfaction.
Assurance is now doublv sure that the
Spanish fleet is bottled up and the cork
is in the bottle.
It is not believed that Admiral Cer
vera will attempt to escnpe from the
predicament in which ho now finds
himself, as such a course would surely
result in the destruction of his ves-
eels, and the loss of many lives precious
The suggestion is made, however,
that the Spanish may blow up the ships
rather than have them fall into the
hands of Schley, as they oertainly Will
they remain in the harbor.
The definiteness of Commodore
Sohley's dispatch would eoem to indi
COMMODOnil W. S. 8CHT.ET.
In Command of tho Flylnit Sqntxlmii.
cate that he had effected a landing
near Santiago and made a personal in
vestigation of the harbor. It would be
impossible, from tho entranoe of the
bay, definitely to see and recognize the
Spanish vessels, hut by effecting a land
ing at some point on either side of the
entrance, a vantage point could be
gained, from which the entire harbor
it is believed, could bo examined. In
all probability, Commodore Schley, or
one of his trusted officers, has succeeded
in performing this hazardous undertak
ing in order to obtain tho valuable in
formation contained in his dispatch.
What effect the certainty that Cer
vera is practically helpless will have
on the plans with reference to the in
vasion of (Juba can only be eonjeo
tured. The transportation of land
forces, it is thought, was delayed be
cause of the uncertainty concerning the
location of the Spanish squadron. If
the understanding is correct, the prob
ability of an early invasion of Cuba is
strong. It is not unlikely that the
movement of troops, which has been
delayed from time to time, will begi
this week, and before the end of the
week, the United States forces will
have obtained a substantal foothold
nopn Cuban soil.
Commodore Schley has not only his
own squadron, but two or three vessels
besides at his command, and it is not
believed to be possible for the Spanish
admiral to escape with his fleet. No
information is obtainable as to the in
tentions of Commodore Schley.
Whether he will endeavor to force an
entrance to the bay and seek a batUe
with the Spanish squadron is not
known, but such a course at present is
not regarded as likely. It would be
the better, in the opinion of eome na
val officials, to keep Cervera and his
vessels safely in the harbor, where they
are absolutely as useless as they would
be at the bottom of the Bea.
Funds for the lteselgrd.
Madrid, May 31. The minister of
the colonies, minister ot finance and
Senor Sagasta had a conference last
night on the methods of sending the
resources asked for by the governor
generals of Cuba and the Philippines.
General Angusti, at Manila, was au
thorized to draw on the treasury, and
General Blanco has received 10,000.000
London, May 81. The Times com
plains bitterly of the refusal of Spanish
authorities in Cuba to release its corre
spondent, Mr. Knight, who, the Times
says, was sent with the approval of the
Spanish authorities, and in landing
fiom a small boat was only complying
with the Spanish request that he come
in a neutral vessel.
An elephant is possessed of ruch
delicate sense of smell that it can scent
human being at a distance of thou
No Reported Change In the Situation aft
Washington, May 31. The navy de
partment this afternoon made public
the following dispatch:
Cavite, May 28, via Hong Kong,
May 81. To the Secretary of the Na
vy, Washington: No change in the
situation. The blockade ' is effective.
It is impossilbo for the people of Ma
nila to buy provisions except rice. The
captain of the Olympia (Gridley) has
been condemned by the medical sur
vey. He is ordered home. He leaves
by the Occidental & Oriental steam
Bhip from Hong Kong, May 28. Com
mander Lambertson has beon appointed
commander of the Olympia.
Dewey Short of Provisions.
Kong Kong.'May 81. There is abso
lutely no truth in the report that the
United States cruiser Baltimore, now
at Manila, has been damaged by an in
The United States auxiliary cruiser
Zafiro, which arrived here at mid-,
night yesterday, reports that Dewey is)
chort of provisions and ammunition. ,
The Havila-Manila cable, it is said,
was cut by Amoricans May 23.
A brush between insurgents and
Spanish occurred near Cavite May 20.
The entire American fleet is at Cavite.
Die report that Borne of the American
ships had sailed for lloilo, where the
Spanish gunboat El Cano is supposed
to be, is incorreot.
Aguinaldo, the insurgent leader, is
with the insurgents, between the
Americans and Spanish.
Inoendiary fires continue
The priests and nuns at Manila have '
been removed from the latter place to
All the const towns are reported to-
be held by the Spanish troops
The Americans are repairing the
slip at Cavite.
SPOILS OF WAR.
Spain Said to lie Ceding Territory That
Is Not Iters.
Berlin, May 81. Regarding the
news that Spain has agreed to oede the
Philippines to Franco, it is said at the
German foreign office that Germany
has information that pour parleure,
looking to this end, have beon proceed
ing for eome time, mainly through
Senor Leon y Castillo, the Spanish am
bassador at Paris, and that the negotia
tions have already reached a rather
Germany's answer to this is found in
a semi-official communication, setting
forth that Germany would protest
against the cessation of the Philippine
islands to France or any other single
power, adding that a cession to the
combined powers of Europe would be
most acceptable. It is understood that
the project had been dropped, at least
for the present.
The report of De Rio, the new Span
ish minister for foreign affairs, cau
tiously mentioned the negotiations with
France above referred to. .
GRAVE OF GLADSTONE.
The Statesman's Remains Lie in West-
London, May 81. The Northern
transept of Westminster, where Eng
land's greatost dead rest, the remains
of the late William Ewart Gladstone
were entombed today with the cere
monies of the nation he had served and
WILLIAM EWATiT OLAPSTOXR.
of the church he had attended. His
grave is beside that of his lifelong ad
versary, Benjamin Disraeli (Lord Bea-
consfield), whose marble effigy look
down upon it, deckod with the regalia
which Gladstone had refused. The
possible future kings of Great Britain
walked beside the great commoners and
nobility, and the learning of the state
surrounded them, though the wish of
the deoeased had been for simplicity.
A New Mexican Train Hold-Up.
Albuquerque, N. M., May 26. The
south-bound passenger train on the
Santa Fe railway was held up last night
near Belen by two cowboy robbers.
They boarded the train at Belen and
made the engineer run the- train down
the road three miles. They then
marched the engineer and fireman to
the express car, where they threw one
of the safes out of the car, blowing it
open with dynamite, taking consider
able money. The amount secured is
not known. The express messenger,
Hiscock, was not molested, nor wero
the passengers. The sheriffs of Valen
cia and Socorro counties, with posses1
are now in pursuit.
Strike Is Settled.
Seattle, Wash., May 81. The Btrike
on the Great Northern tunnel in the
Cascades has been settled. The
company will grant the demand of
the strikers for an increase in wages,
the increase to go into effect June 1.
Sixteen Inch Gun Forged.
Bethlehem, Pa., May 81. The
Bethlehem Iron Company has shipped
to Waterville arsenal, New York, the
largest cannon forging ever turned out