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VIEWS OF SPAIN
osion Was of
DIFFERS MUCH FROM OURS
A Full Synopsis of the Report of the
Spnnlsh Naval Commission Com
plete Text of the American Court of
Inquiry Into the Maine Disaster.
.' Washington, March 80. A full syn
opsis' of the report of the Spanish naval
commission whioh investigated the de
struction of the battle-ship Maine is
here given. It is taken from a copy of
the original report, which ia now on its
way here from Havana, the synopsis
being cabled and today being in the
hands of this government.
The conclusions are directly opposite
to those in the report of theoourt of in
quiry submitted to congress today.
The synopsis is as follows:
The report contains declarations
made by ocular witnesses and experts.
From these statements it deduces and
proves the absenoe of all those attend
ant ohoumstances which are invariably
presented on the occasion of the explo
sion of a torpedo.
The evidence of witnesses compara
tively close to the Maine at the moment
is to the effect that only one explosion
occurred; that no column of water was
thrown into the air; that no shock to
the side of the nearest vessel was felt,
uor on land was any vibration noticed,
and that no dead fish were found.
The evidence of the, senior pilot of
the harbor states that there is abund
ance of fish in the harbor, and this is
corroborated by other witnesses. Tho
assistant engineer of the works states
that after explosions were made during
the execution of works in the harbor,!
lie has always found dead fish. The
divers were unable to examina the
bottom of the Maine, whioh was buried
in the mud, but a careful examination
of the sides of the vessel, the rents and
breaks, which all point outward, shows
without a doubt that the explosion was
from the inside.
A minute examination of the bottom
of the harbor around the vessel shows
absolutely no sign of the action of a
torpedo, and the judge-advocate of tho
commission can find no precedent for
the explosion of the storage magazine of
the vessel by a torpedo.
The report makes clear that owing to
the sepcial nature of the proceedings
following, the commission has been
prevented from making such an exami
nation of the inside of the vessel as
would determine even the hypothesis'
of the internal origin of the accident.!
This is to be attributed to the regret-4
table refusal to permit a necessary con
nection of the Spanish commission with)
the commander and crew of the Maine,'
and the different American officers
commissioned to investigate the cause
of the acoident, and later with those
employed on salvage work.
The report finishes by stating that
an examination of the inside and out
side of the Maine, as goon as such ex
amination may be possible, as also of
the bottom where the vessel rests, sup
posing that the Maine's wreck be not
totally altered in the process of extrica
tion, will wan ant the belief that the
explosion was ndoubtedly due to some
AMERICAN REPORT IN DETAIL.
Full Text of the Findings of the Maine
Court of Inquiry,
TJ. S. S. Iowa, first rate.
Key West, Fla., Monday, March 21,
ISSS. After a full and mature considera
tion of all the testimony before It, the
court finds as follows:
First That the United States battle-ship
Maine arrived In the harbor of Havana;
Cuba, on the 21st day of January, 1S98,
and was taken to buoy No. 4, in 6V4 to 4
fathoms of water, by the regular govern
ment pilot. The United States consul then
at Havana had notified tha authorities
at that place the previous evening of
the intended arrival of the Maine.
Second The Btate of discipline on board
the Maine was excellent, and all orders
and regulations in regard to the care and
safety of the ship were strictly carried
out. All ammunition was stowed away In
accordance with instructions, and proper
care was taken whenever ammunition
was handled. Nothing was stored In any
one of the magazines or shellrooms which
was not permitted to be stowed there.
The magazines and shellrooms were al
ways locked after having been opened;
and after the destruction of the Maine
the keys were found in their proper place
In the captain's cabin, everything hav
ing been reported secure that evening at.
8 P. M. The temperature of the maga
zines and shellrooms were taken dally
and reported. The only magazine which,
had an undue amount of heat was th
after 10-inch magazine, and that did not
explode at the time the Maine was de
stroyed. The torpedo warheads were all
stowed In the after part of the ship undeH
the ward room, and neither caused not"
participated In the destruction of tha
Maine. The dry gun-cotton primers, and.
detonators, were stowed In the cubln aft,
A Famous Inventor.
Salem, Mass.. March 80. Abnerl
Cheney Goodall. died here, aged 83
years. He perfected the first printing
press that printed on both eides in onq
operation. He also invented tha
cracker machine and perfected tho
preparation of copper and steel plates
lor use by engravers.
Great preparations are being madq
for the stockgrowers convention to ba
held in Denver next January.
and remote from the scene of the explo
sion. The waste was carefully looked after
on board the Maine to obviate danger.
Special orders in regard to this had been
given by the commanding officer.- Var
nishes, dryers, alcohol and other com
bustibles of this nature, were stowed on
pr above the main deck, and could not
have had anything to do with the de
struction of the Maine. The medical,
stores were stowed aft. under the , ward
room, and remote from the scene, of the
explosion. No dangerous stores of any
kind were stowed below In any of the
other storerooms, or In the coalbunkers.
Of those bunkers adjoining the ' forward
magazine and shellrooms. four were
empty; namely,. B3.E4, BSj IS6. AlS'had
been in use that date, and A16 was' full ,
of new river coal. This coal- had been'
carefully Inspected before receiving it on
board. The bunker in which it was stowed
was accessible on three sides at all times,
and tha fourth side at this time, on ac
count of bunkers B4 and B6 being empty.
This bunker, A16, had been inspected that
'day by the engineer officer on duty. The
fire alarms In the bunkers wore In work
ing order, and, there had never been a
case of spontaneous combustion of coal
on board the Maine. The two after boil
ers of the ship were In use at the time of
the disaster, but for auxiliary purposes
only, with a comparatively low pressure
of steam and being tended by a reliable
watch. These boilers could not have
caused the explosion of the ship. The
forward boilers of tha ship have since
been found by the divers, and are in fair
condition. On the night of the destruction
of the Maine, everything had been re
ported secure for the night at 8 P. M.
by reliable persons, through proper au
thorities to the commanding officer. At
the time the Maine was destroyed the
ship was quiet, and therefore the least
liable to accident caused by movements
from those on board.
Third The destruction of the Maine oc
curred at 9:40 P. M. on the 15th day of
February, 1S93, in the harbor of Havana,
Cuba, being at the time moored to the
very same buoy to which she had been
taken upon her arrival. There were
two explosions, of a distinctly different
character, a very short but distinct In
terval between them, and the forward
part of the ship was lifted to a marked
degree at the time of the first explosion.
The first explosion was more in the na
ture of a report, like that of a gun,
while the second explosion was more
open, prolonged, and of a greater vol
ume. Tho second explosion was, in the
opinion of the court, caused by the par
tial explosion of two or more of tha for
ward magazines of the Maine.
Condition of the Wreck.
Fourth The evidence bearing on this
being principally obtained from divers,
did not enable the eourt to form a dofl
nlta conclusion as to the condition of
the wreck, although It was established
that the after part of the ship was prac
tically intact, and sank In that condition
a very few minutes after the destruction
of the forward part. The following facts
In regard to the forward part of the ship
are, however, established by tha testi
mony: That portion of the short side of the
protected deck which extends from about
frame 30 to about frame 41, was blown
up aft and over to port. The main deck
from about frame SO to about frame 41
was blown up aft and slightly over to
starboard, folding the forward part of
the middle superstructure over and on top
of the floor part. This was, In the opinion
of the court, caused by the partial explo
sion of two or more of the forward maga
zines of the Maine.
Fifth At frame 15 the outer shell of the
ship from a point U4 feet from the mid
dlo lino of the ship, and six feet above
the keel, when in Its normal position, has
been forced up, so as to be about four feet
above the surface of the water, there
fore about 34 feet above where it would bo
had the ship sunk uninjured. The outside
bottom plating is bent Into a reversed
V-Bhape, the after wing of which, about
15 feet broad and 32 feet In length (from
frame 17 to frame 25), is doubled back upon
Itself, against the continuation of tho
same plating extending forward.
At frame 80 the vertical keel is broken
in two, and the fiat keel bent into an
angle similar to the angle formed by the
outside bottom plating. This break Is
now about six feet below the surface of
the water, and about 10 feet above Its
normal position. In the opinion of the
court, this effect could have been pro
duced only by the explosion of a mine,
situated under the bottom of the ship, at
nbout frame 18, and somewhat on the
(port Bide of the ship.
I Sixth The court finds that the loss of
(the Maine on the occasion named was
plot in any respect due to fault or negli
gence on tho part of any of the officers
or members of the crew of said vessel.
1 Seventh In the opinion of the court,
the Maine was destroyed by the explo
sion of a submarine mine, which caused
the partial explosion of two or more of
her forward magazines.
; Eighth The court has been unable to
obtain evidence fixing the responsibility
for the destruction of the Maine upon
any person or persons.
W. T. SAMPSON,
Captain, U. 8. N., President.
A. H. MARIX,
V. S. N., Commander, Judge-Advocate.
The court having finished the Inquiry It
iwas ordered to make, adjourned at U
A. M., to await the action of the con
W. T. SAMPSON,
Captain, U. S. N., President
A. H. MARIX,
,TJ. S. N., Lieutenant-Commander, U. B.
U. S. Flugshlp New Tork, March 22,
1808, Oft Key West, Fla.
The proceedings and findings of the
court of Inquiry in the above caBe
are approved. M. SICARD,
Rear-Admiral, Commnnder-ln-Chlef, U. B.
Naval Force of the North Atlantic.
Russia In Full Possession.
Peking, March 80. The Chinese gar
risons wero withdrawn today from Port
Arthur and Talien-Wan. The Russian
standard and Russian flag were hoisted
at both places.
Yokohama, March 80. The unoffi
cial section of the press is actively urg
ing the government to resist Russia's
action in China, but the official press
is silent The diet will meet May 2.
CAPTAIN SIGSBEE'S STORY.
His Detailed Testimony. Before the
Board Kearardinu; the DigHSlor.
WASHINGTON, March V. o. Captain
Sigsbee, in testifying- before- the court of
inquiry, said that he assumed command
of the Maine April 10, 1S97, and that his
ship anchored in the harbor of Havana
the last time January 24, 1S9S. The au
thorities at Hnvuna knew of tho Maine's
coming,.. Consul-General Lee having in
formed the authorities according to oftl
cial custom. After he took on an.efilclal
pilot, sent by the. captain of the port of
Havana, the ship was berthed In the man-of-war
anchorage, off the Machina, or the
Shears, and according to his understand
ing) It was one of the regular buoys of
the place. He then stated . that he had.
been in Havana In 1872, and again in 1S98.
He could not state whether the Maine
"was placed in. the usual -b'efth' for men.of
War, but said that he had heard remarks
Blnco the explosion, using Captains Ste
vens, temporarily ; (n command i of the
.Ward Line steamer City of Washington,
as authority for the statement, - that he
had1 never known, in alt his experience,
.which- covered visits to Havana for five
or six years, a man-of-war to be anchored .
lat that buoy, that he had rarely known
merchant vessels to be : anchored there,
and that it was the least used buoy in
the harbor. . ...
The Mitlne'a Surroundings.
In describing the surroundings when
first moored to the buoy, Captain Sigsbee
stated that the Spanish man-of-war Al
fonso XIII was anchored In the position
now occupied by the Fern, about 250
yards to the northward and westward
from the Maine. The German ship Grie
senau was anchored at the berth now oo
cupled by the Spanish man-of-war Lo
Caspo, which Is about 400 yards due north
from the Maine. He then located tho
German man-of-war Chariots, which came
into the harbor a day or two later, which
was anchored to the southward of the
Maine's berth about 400 or 600 yards. In
describing the surroundings at the time
of the explosion, Captain Sigsbee stated
that the night was calm and still. The
Alfonso XIII was at the same berth.
The small Spanish dispatch boat, Le
Caspo, had come out the day before and
taken the berth occupied by the German
man-of-war, the Griesenau, which had
left. The steamer City of Washington
was anchored about 200 yards to the south
and east of the Maine's stern, slightly on
the port quarter.
The Coal Was Snfe.
The Maine coaled at Key West, taking
on about 150 tons, the coal being regularly
Inspected, and taken from the government
coal pile. This coal was placed generally
in the forward bunkers. No reDort was
received from the chief engineer that any
cool had been too long In the bunkers,
and that the fire alarms in the bunkers
The regulations regarding lmflammables
and paints on board, Captain Sigsbee
iBBimea, were strictly carried out in re
gard to storage, and that waBte also was
subject to the same careful dlannsltlnn.
The Inflammables' were stored In chests
according to the regulations, and lnflnm
mables in excess of chest capacity, were
allowed to be kept in the bathroom of the
Kegarding the eleotrlo plant of the
Maine, Captain Sigsbee stated that there
was no serious grounding, nor sudden
flaring up of the lights before the explo
sion, but a sudden and total eellnse.
As for regulations affecting the taking
of the temperature of the magazines, etc.,
Captain Sigsbee stated there were no spe
cial regulations other than the usual regu
latlons required by the department. He
examined the temperature himself, and
cunvereeu wun tne ordnance omcer as
to the various temperatures, and the con
tents of the magazines and, according to
tne opinion of this officer, as well as Sies
bee, the temperatures were never at the
"I do not think there was any laxity in
this direction," said the captain, replying
to a question of Judge-Advocate Marlx.
Ho had? no recollection of any work go
ing on in the magazine or shell rooms be
fore the explosion. The keys were called
for in the usunl way on the day In ques
tion, ana were properly returned.
Relations With Spanish Authorities.
speaking generally of the relations with
the Spanish authorities, Captain Sigsbee
statea mat wun the officials they were
outwardly cordial. The memberB of the
autonomistic council of the government
however, seem to have brought to the at
tention of the navy department the fact
that he did not visit them, and that fact
brought embarrassment to the govern
ment at Washington. He took the ground
to the -department that It was unknown
etiquette to call on the civil members of
the colonial government other than the
governors. Without waiting for such an
order, Captain Sigsbee made , visit after
wards, and, as he states, was pleasantly
received and his visit promptly returned
by certain members of the council. A party
or ladies and gentlemen called, and the
president of tho council made a speech
wnich Captain Sigsbee could not under
stand, but which was Interpreted to him.
to which ho replied.
My reply," nam captain Blgsbee, "was
afterwards printed In at least two papers
in Havana, but the terms made me "favor
autonomist government in the Island,
am Informed that the autonomistic gov
ernment In Havana Is unpopular among
a large class of Spanish and Cuban resi
dents. I have no means of knowing
whether my apparent interference in the
political concerns of the island had any
relation to the destruction of the Maine.
Exhibition of Animosity,
vvnen asked whether there was any
demonstration of animosity by people
afloat, Captain Sigsbee Bald there was
never on Bhore, as he was informed, but
there was afloat He related that on the
first Sunday after the Maine's arrival the
ferry-boat, crowded densely with people,
civil and military, returning from a bull
fight at Regla, passed the Maine, and
about 40 people on board Indulged In yell
lng, whistling and derisive calls.
Every Precaution Taken.
During the stay in Havana. Captain
Sigsbee took more than ordinary precau
tions for the protection of the Maine by
placing sentries on the forecastle and
poop, quarter line and single decks, on
the bridge and the poop.
A corporal of the guard was especially
instructed to look out for the port gang
way, and the officer of the deck and quar
termaster were especially Instructed to
look out for tho Btarboard gangway,
quarter-watih was kept on deck all night,
Bentrles' cartridge boxes filled, their arms
kept loaded, a number of rounds of rapid
fire ammunition kept In the pilot-room
and In the spare captain's pantry, and
under the aft superstructure were kept
additional supplies of shells, close at hand
for the second battery; steam was kept up
in two boilers Instead of one, and posilive
instructions were given to watch carefully
all the hydraulio gear and report defin
He said he had given orders to the mas
ter-at-arms to keep a careful eye on
everybody that cams on board, and to
carefully observe any packages that
might be held, on the supposition that
dynamite or other high explosives might
be employed, and afterwards to Inspect
the routes these people had taken, and
not to lose Bight of the order. He staffs
that very few people visited the ship.
Lieutenant-Commander Walnwrlght be
ing rather severe on visitors.
Spanish Officers on Hoard.
There were only two or three of the
Spanish military officers came on board,
but. according to the captain, they were
constrained, and not desirous of accepting
much courtesy. The visit was during the
absence of the captain. He said he mads
every effort to have Spanish officers to
visit the ship to show his good-will.
Description of the Explosion.
He then went into a descrlDtion of the
explosion when he felt the crash. . He
characterized it as a bursting, rending
and crashing sound or roar of immense
volume, largely metallic in its character.
It was succeeded by a metallic sound,
probably of falling debris, a . trembling
and lurching motion of tho vessel, then
an Impression of subsidence, attended by
an eclipse of electric lights and intense
darkness wijhjn- his cabin. vHe'' thought
luuutiuiuieiy -uiM me maine naa mown
up and she was sinking. "'He hurried to
the starboard' cabin, but changed his
course to the.passage leading (o the super
structure, detWlei, the manner of
meeting Private Atiifjjony, which is much
the same as has beep published: -. :
lieutenant - Commander Walnwrlght
was on deck when Captain Sigsbee'
emerged from the passageway, and,.turn-
lng to the orderly he 'aked fori-time.
which was given fa 940, H.t M. Sentries
were ordered -placed1 aboif. 'tl)e ship, and
the forward magazine :h4ocled.- - Ha called
for perfect: silence. The. surviving officers
wero about hinj at'ihe time on tho poop.
tie was 'lnformed jhat both -forward and
aft magazines, .were under water, ..Then',
came faint cries and white-fldatlng bodies
in the water. Boats were at once ordered
lowered, but only two were available,- the.
gig and whaleboat. They - wers lowered
and manned by officers and men, and by'
tne captain's directions they left the ship
and helped to save the wounded Jointly
with other boats that had arrived on the;
Fire amidships by this time was-burn
ing fiercely, and the spare ammunition in
the pilot-house was exploding. At this
time Lieutenant-Commander Walnwrlght
said he thought the 10-lnch magazine for
ward had been thrown up Into the burn
ing mass, and miht explode any time.
Everybody was then directed to get Into
tho boats over the stern, which was cttma,
the captain getting into the gig, and then
proceeding to the City of Washington.
where he found the wounded in the dining
saloon being carefully attended by the
officers and crew of the vessel. He then
went on deck and observed the wreck for
a few minutes, and1 gave directions to
have a muster taken on board the City
of Washington and other vessels, and sat
down in the captain's cabin and dictated
a telegram to the navy department.
Spaniards Express Sympathy.
Various Spanish officials came on board'
and expressed sympathy and sorrow for
the accident. The representatives of
General Blanco and of the admiral of the
station were among the Spanish officials
no tendered their sympathies. About
four or five men were found that night
who survived. By the time Captain Sigs
bee reached the quarterdeck it was his
impression that an overwhelming explo-
uuu uucurrea. vvnen he came from
the cabin he was nractieallv hHn,i0ri ,.
a few seconds. His only thought wns for
the vessel, and he took no note of the
Phenomena or tne explosion. In reply to
the question of whether anv of tho mag
azines or shellrooms were blown up, tha
captain said It was extremely difficult to
come to any conclusion. The center of
the explosion was beneath and a little
forward of the conning tower on tho nnrt
side. In the region of the center or nvin
of the explosion was the Blx-lnch reserve
magazine, which contained very little
powder, about 300 pounds. The 10-inch
magazine was In the tame general re
gion, but on the starboard side. Over
the 10-inch magnzlne in tho loading room
of the turret, and in the adjoining pas
sage, a number of 10-lnch shells were per
manently located. According to Captain
Sigsbee It would be difficult to conceive
the explosion involved the 10-inch maga
zine, because of the location of the ex
plosion, and none of the reports show that
any 10-lnch sholla were hurled Into the air
because of the explosion.
Details of the Second Explosion.
The captain went Into details as to the
location of the small explosion. Ha said
that he did not believe that the forward
or lo-lneh magazine blew up. The loca
tion of the gun cotton was aft, under the
caDin. He stated that he had examined
the wreck himself, oonversed with other
officers and men, but, as the Spanish
authorities were very much adverse to an
Investigation, except officially, on the
grounds, as stated by the Spanish admir
alty, that the honor of Spain was In
volved, ho forebore to examine the sub
mr.rlne portion of the wreck for the cause
of the explosion until the day the court
He said the discipline of the Bhlp was
excellent. The marine guard was in ex
cellent condition. The report of the medi
cal department shows that about one
man and a quarter per day wero on tho
sick list during the past year. In the
engineers' department the vessel was al
ways ready and always responsive. He
paid a tribute to the crew, and said that
a quieter, better-natured lot of men he
had never known on board of any ves
sel In which he had served. He had no
fault to find with the behavior of any
man at the time of the disaster, and
considered their conduot admirable. On
his examination by the court, Captain
Sigsbee Bald that the highest temperature
he could discover was 112, but that was
In the after magazine, the temperature in
tho forward magazines being considerably
lower. There was no loose powder kept
In the magazines. All the coal bunkers
were ventilated through air tubes, exam
ined1 weekly by the chief engineer, and
were connected electrically to the annun
ciator near his cabin door. The forward
coal bunkers on the port side were full.
The forward coal bunkers on the star
boat side was half full, and it was being
used at the time of the explosion.
Coal Hunkers Not Hut.
Captain Sigsbee, being recalled, stated
that he had detailed Lieutenant-Commander
Walnwrlght, Lieutenant Holman
and Chief Engineer Holman, all of the
Maine, to obtain Information In regard
to any outsiders who might have Been the
explosion. Captain Sigsbee also gave as
his opinion that If coal bunkers A16 had
been so hot as to be dnngerous to the fl
inch reserve magazine, that this condition
would have been shown on three Bides
where the bunker was exposed, and that
men constantly passing to and fro by it
would have necessarily noticed any un
due heat. Captain Sigsbee waB recalled
and examined as to the ammunition on
board the Maine. He stated that there
were no high explosives, guncotton, deto
nators or other material in magazines or
shell rooms which the regulations prohib
ited. He testified1 that no warheads had
been placed on torpedoes since ba had
hud command of tho ship.
ITEMS OF INTEREST.
It is stated that sharks have now pen
etrated into the Mediterranean through
the Suez canal from the Bed sea.
In France there have been found only
two criminals whose measurement by
the Borlillon system coincided.
The Adams homestead at Qtiincy,
Miss., has been restored nnuer the dl
rection of the Quincy Historical Society
The largest room in the world under
one roof and unbroken by piHarg ia at
St. Petersburg. It is 020 feet long by
120 in breadth.
Ginger is a tropical production ol
Mexico, where it grows wild. It has
been cultivatded from an early period
to tropical Asiu.
Tho oldost city in the world is Nip
pur, the "Older Bel" of Babylon; the
foundations were laid 7,000 years B. (J,
and the ruins have lately been on
POLITICAL PARTIES COMBINE.
Populists, Silver Republicans and Dem
erats of Oregon Join Issues.
Three state conventions met in Port
land last ..week, . the Populist, silver '
Republican and Democratic. A union
of forces or fusion is the result. All
parties united on the plntform adopted
by the Populists at Friday's session,
and agreed to a division of the offices
by a conference committee. The plat
form .as adopted reads;
'- United in a common cause for the secret
purpoee of preserving the principles of gov
ernment by the whole people, In faot as well
he in name, restoring; and uialnU'nlmr .
equality, u,nter that -government of all
' classes! we, the people's (Semocrotlonfl stl-.ver-repab-lWaA'
parties of the state of Ore
gon, waiving all minor-points of dlfferenoa
and uniting for the purpose of carrying oat
the great underlying principles upon which
we are all agreed, do make and present
to the people of this state the following dew
j laratlon of principles, and to the carrying
.out, pt whleh we solemnly pledge each and
every candidate upon our united ticket:
Flrst-i-W demand the free and unret'rtoo- '
ed ootnege of silver and gold at the prea- .
eut legal ratio of 16 to 1, without waiting '
foe the. consent of foreign nations and we -'
are unalterably opposed to the poller of fhe
present republican administration In de
manding the retirement of greenbacks, and
the turning over of the money-malting pow
er of the government to the national banks,
a presented by the hill drawn by the repub
lican secretary of the treasury, and Indorsed
by President McKlnley; and w especially
denounce the avowed attempt by said bill to
fasten the country Irrevocably and forever
to the single gold standard.
We demand a national money, st'e and
sound, issued by the general government
only, without the Intervention of banks of
Issue, to be a full legal tender for ail debts,
public and private; also a Just, equitable
and efficient means ot distribution direct to
the people through the lawful disbursements
of the government.
Vv'e demand that the volume of circulating
medium be speedily increased to en amount
sufficient to meet the demands of the busj
ness and population of this country, and to
restore the Just level of prices of labor and
We favor Buch legislation as will prevent
for the future the demonetisation of any
kind of legal-tender money by private con
We demand that the government. In pay
ment of Its obligations, shall use Its option
as to the kind ot lawful money in which
they are to be paid, and we denounos the
present and preceding administrations for
surrendering this option to the holders of
We demand that there shall be no further
fcwue of United States Interest - bearing
We demand that postal savings bnrks bs
established by the government for the safe
deposit of the savings of the people and to
We demand the election of United Statea
senators by direct vote of the people.
We demand the Initiative and referendum
system of law-making In Its optional form
local, state and national, and the submt.
slon by oongroes of all Important national
questions for an advisory vote of tbs peo
ple, until such time as the national const W
tutlon Bhall have been amended so as to
provide for direct legislation.
We oondemn as dangerous slid unjust the
surrender. In all departments of the govern
ment, to the lnOuence of trusts, corporations
and aggregations of wealth generally; and
the packing of the highest courts of the land
with corporation lawyers, too ready to do
the will of their late employers, and to set
aside valid and wholesome laws passed by
the legislative departments of toe states and
government, upon flimsy pretexts, at toe be
heats ot suoh institutions.
We are opposed to government by taJuao
In state matters, we demand!
A strop and well-guarded regie rat loo
A more equitable mode Off appointing
fudges of election.
Stringent laws to regulate (he operation of
Ash traps, fish wheels and all Ashing gear
re the waters within the Jurisdiction of toe
We denounce and condemn the corrupt and
extravagant republican legislative essem
bltea, and charge that the republican party,
tn It eaeemexa tor the spoils of oflloa, hut
beootne divided Into wsirtng faotlena, so
that it ia Incapable ot government as ex
emplified by the condition existing tn the at
Oce of the state treasurer, there being at
this time more than fO0,0o0 therein wrung;
from the people by the process cf taxation,
while state warrant are stamped "Not
paid for want of funds."
We dsmand that all district and county of
ficers be placed upon salaries oommensuraW
with the duties to be performed by them.
Inasmuch as railroad and other corporate
property Is not bearing Its proportion of
taxation, we demand that such property
(hall bear Its Just and equal share of Us
expense of government.
For governor W. R. King, popullit, ot Baiter
For ooiiKressinnn First district, K. M. Voatch,
democrat, Linn; Second district, C, M. Donald
son, silver republican, ol Haker,
For secretary ol state II, K. Klncald, illvei
republican, of Lane.
For supreme Judge W. A. Ramsay, democrat,
For attorney-general J. L. Story, populist, ol
For state printer Charles A. Fitch, populist,
For superintendent of public Instruction It.
8. Lyman, populist, of Clatsop.
First district Judge, E. C. Wado, silver re
publican; profecutlng attorney, A. N. BIoIhs,
populist; member of board ol equalization, C,
A. Wordcn, populist.
Second district Judge, J. W. Hamilton, dem
ocrat; prosecuting attorney, II. Deullnger, Jr.,
Third district Judges, R. P. Rolse, populist
and P, 11. IVArcy, democrat; prosecuting at
tomey, B. L. Hayden, democrat; member ol
board of equalization, John If. ltobertsou,
Fourth district Judges, J. V. Beach, demo
crul, department l;Tliema O'Pay, democrat,
departments; Dell Stuart, sliver republican;
prosecuting attorney, no nomination.
Fifth district Judgo, W. D. Hare, populist;
district attorney, no nomination.
Hlxtn district lilstrlot attorney, J. T. Illnile,
Seventh district-Judge, W. L. Bradford, dem
ocrat; prosecuting attorney. A. Van Vaetor,
Klghtb district No nominations.
Ninth district Judgo, M. 1). Clifford, demo
crat; district attorney, K, Hicks, democrat;
member ot bourd of equalization, J. K. Gregg,
St. Paul Hank Wrecked.
St. Paul, March 28. The Bank of
Merriain Park, this city, fulled to open
today, on account of a time-check
fraud. The bunk's capital is $50,000,
of which f 1)0,000 ia reported to have
been invested in Southall government
Kobbers Make a Itlch Haul.
' Traver, Cal., March 28. North
bound passenger train No. 18 was held
up at Crocs oreek bridgo, four miles
south of Traver lust niglit, about 10:013,
by two trainrobbers. The men boarded
the train at Goshen, and soon after
pulling out climbed into the engine
and oompellod the nreman to oeafle nr
ing. When the train readied CroHi
creek the steam gave out and the train
stopped. 1 he express car was then
blown up with dynamite. It was com
IFTEEN LIVES LOST
River Flood Cause
WHOLE TOWNS, ARE PL00DEH
Damage- to Property Will Amount t
Over Half a Million Dollars :
Temperature Falling. v
Cincinnati, March ,28. At: 10
o'olock tonight the Ohio river at Cin ':
cinnati registered 51 feet 2 incties,
rising an inch an hbuK" There was a
rise of sis inches in four hours between
6 and 10 o'clock. The sky is overoast,
but not threatening, nnd the mercury
registers 44, with a tendency to rise.
Beports from Northern West Virginia,
at the sources of the Monongnbela,
bring news of heavy rains last night
and of a rapidly rising river tonight.
This is an assurance that the Ohio will
have a protracted high stage of water.
Beports from all quarters of the Ohio
valley are of drizzling rain or oloudy
skies. No clear weather is reported.
All towns report the Ohio rising rap
idly, exoept Wheeling, where it is sta
tionary. Interior towns that hava
suffered inundation before are finding
relief by the recession of the waters.
Loss of life is reported at Hamilton,,
O., where the Great Miami swept away
two cottages and drowned six inmates.
namely: Mrs, Charles Whitman, her
three small children, and Mr. and Mrs.
Charles Springman. The story of loss)
of life by the railroad wreok near Co
lumbus, Ind., not only laoks confirma
tion, but it iB positively denied.
The railroad situation in the interior
of Ohio is improving. Cities cut off
from the world yesterday are getting
trains out tonight by repaired tracks or
Ijy detours over other roads.
In Cincinnati the following is tha
railroad situation: No trains on tha
Erie, in or out; the Cincnnati North
ern is in the same fix; the Baltimore
& Ohio Southwestern is badly oripplej
by washouts at Chilicothe, O., and El
dorado, Ind.; the Pennsylvania is open
to Columbus and the East today; tha
Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton is out
off from Toledo and Detroit only; the
Big Pour has restored communication
with Indianapolis, Chicago and St.
Louis. All other roads from here are
A special to tho Times-Star says tha
situation at Dayton is distressing.
Hospitals and other publio buildings
are crowded with persons driven from
home. Not a train is running in or
out of the city.
Fifteen Live Lost.
Zanosville, O., Murch 28. Fifteen
hundred families are hdmeless, 15
lives have beon lost and nearly $1,000,
000 worth of property has been de
stroyed by the flood. Mrs, James
ttrennan and child and John Leaoh
were drowned by the overturning of
skiffs. Mrs. Nancy Church was
drowned in her home, and Tom Jonoa
full from a bridge and was drowned.
The property loss includes two Musk
ingum river bridges, three Licking
river bridges and 20 smaller county
bridgos. Two thousand dollars waa
raised tonight for the sufferers. The
electric light plant is drowned out, and
lluttery C is doing police duty.
Loss Half a Million.
Chillicothe.O., March 28. Six hun
fired houses in the east end of town
are submerged, tho power-house of the
city water works is under 12 feet of
wator, the electric-light plant is flood
ed and shut down, the natural gas sup
ply has been cut off by a break in the
mains, and the city is practically par
alyzed by the flood. The loss here is
estimated at $500,000. Chillicothe is
cut off from railway communication,
fully six miles of roadbed have been
washed out, and several bridges have
been carried away. Tonight the flood
is slowly receding.
Flood on tha Scioto.
Columbus, O., March 28. The
water of the Scioto river was higher
than ever before known in this city.
The fall in the river in 12 hours has
been about six feet. It is estimated
that the fall tonight will be 12 feet.
This will let the water out of many
submerged lower floors of dwellings.
Stoubenvillo, O., March 28. The
Ohio river readied a stage of 42.2 feet
at noon today, and has receded but
little. Within 15 miles up and down
tho river fully 500 families have been
driven from their homes. All sewer
pipe and briok plants are submerged
and shut down.
Whole Town Covered-
Bherodsviile, O., March 28. This
town is completely flooded. Business
is entirely suspended. There is three
feet of wator over the whole town.
Great damage to property will result.
The town is completely eut off from
The Alaska Land 1)111,
Washington, March 20. It is prob
able that the Alaska land bill will be
amended so as to give Canadian miners
the same rights in Alaska that Ameri
can miners enjoy iu Canada. It looks
as if an agreement would bo reached so
that the laud bill will pass within s
A Far-Keachlng Decision.
Milwaukee), March 28. A decision
which will be of interest to every elec
tric street car company has been hand
ed down by tho supreme court at Mad
ison. It Is to the effect that there can
be no extension of street railway lines
beyond the city limits, even though a
franchise has been granted, without
the award of damages whore property
owners object. It also makes no differ
ence whether or not the companies
have tho right to curry freight or ex