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REPORT IS APPROVED
Miles' Estimates of Cost of
Our Seacoast Defenses.
TREATY WITH CANADA.
F EAUS NO TROUELE WITH SPAIN
THREE AGAINST ONE.
Over Three Millions Needed-S605,O0Q
Recommended for the Columbia
and 91,140,000 for the Sound.
Washington, Nov. 15. Seoretary
Alger has approved the estimates for
the coast-defense work submitted by
General Miles, and they will be sub
mitted to Chairman Cannon, of the
house committee on appropriations
some days before the opening of the
session. In accordance with law, the
expenditures of the different seaports
are itemized, but the secretary will
ask for authority to spend the money in
lump sums, so that work on any par
ticular defense may be hurried to meet
emergencies. General Miles divides
the fortification appropriation for the
Pacifio coast, as follows:
San Diego, Cal , ? 725,000
San Francisco 1,3S6,UU0
Columbia river r 60o,iM
fuget sound 1,U0,0U0
In his report to the secretary, Gen
eral Miles makes no referenoe to pos
sible complications with Spain, but
"Although the general desire of our
people is to maintain a condition of
peace with all nations, and the policy
of the government is one of good will
and peaceful relations with all others,
yet nothing could be more injurious
than to settle in a condition of inse
curity and permit the lives of millions
and the accumulated wealth of many
generations to be destroyed or endanger-
ed bv any foreign power with which
we are liable to come in contact, and
the general plan for defense which has
been adopted by the government should
be steadily pursued until the nation is
in the condition of security and safety
which a due regard for self-preservation
Reciprocal Arrangement Will Be En
Washington, Nov. 15. Definite ar
rangements have been made for taking
up the subjects of a reciprocity treaty
between the United States and Canada
and to this end meetings have been ar
ranged for between .John W. Kasson,
who is especially delegated by Presi
dent McKinley to conduct reciprocity
negotiations, and Sir Wilfred Laurier,
the Canadian premier, and Sir Louis
Davies, the minister of marine. This
is the result of the long and friendly
conference held yesterday between Sec
retary Sherman and Sir Wilfred. The
meeting will be held during the present
visit of the Canadian offloials, but no
exact time for it has yet been fixed, as
it will depend somewhat on the time
which can be spared from the Behring
sea sessions. Arrangements are also
contemplated for taking up the question
of border immigration, North Atlantio
fisheries, lake fisheries and all other
subjects affecting the two countries.
The meeting with Mr. Kasson will,
however, be confined to reciprocity, as
he is delegated by the president to treat
on that suDieot alone. itis not ex
pected that the reciprocity treaty itself
can be matured during the present trip
of the Canadian offloials, the desire be
ing to arrive at some common tinder
standing at this time and perfect details
A FRIENDLESS PEOPLE.
A VALUABLE CYCLOPEDIA.
Commercial Directory of American Re
public! Freaented to the President
Washington, Nov. 15. Secretary
Sherman, Minister Romero of Mexico,
and Minister Merou of Argentine, mem
bers of the executive committee of the
bureau of American republics, were at
the White House today and presented
the first volumn of the commercial di
rectory of the American republics to
President McKinley. There was con
siderable formality about the matter,
the presentation being made in the blue
parlor. Secretary Sherman presented
the volume, saying the work was re
garded as of "suoh vast practical im
portance to the commerce of our coun
try, as to,. be well worthy that we
ahoulJ come in a body to present it to
you. Upon looking through its pages
you will discern its far-reaching value
us a factor in disseminating general in
formation respecting the natural re
sources, the peculiar commercial activi
ties, the varying occupation, the in
dustries and the latent oapbilities oi
the countries of the Western hemis
phere." President McKinley made a formal
Spain's Efforts to Turchase Warships
Is a Failure.
London, Nov. 15. Aocording to the
correspondent of the Daily Mail the
Spanish, naval authorities seem to re
gard" the Spanish navy as superior to
the navy of the United States, which
may explain some of the bellioose
utterances of the Spanish press.
In connection with Spain's hunt for
warships, American diplomats have
learned that Spain recently endeavored
to make an arrangement with Japan
whereby, in the event of war with the
United States, the 30 or so warships
now building in various shipyards for
Japan would be transferred to Spain,
and it is supposed that, upon the failure
of these negotiations, the Spanish gov
ernment entered upon a deal with
Chile for the transfer to the Spanish
flag of several vessels about completed
for the Chilean republic
The diplomats referred to express
the opinion that, from the standpoint
of international law, the completion of
such a deal might he regarded as an 1 furnish Peru with
unfriendly aot toward the United
Besides the Rothschilds, other prom
inent financiers of London and Paris
have entirely cut off the monetary sup
plies which Spain has hitherto suooeed
ed ill obtaining.
SOVEREIGN IS OUT.
Henry A. Hicks, of New York, Head of
Knights of Labor.
Louisville, Nov. 15 James R. Sov
ereign, who has been general master
workman of tho Knights of Labor for
the past four years or more, was this
afternoon relieved of his office by the
general assembly, which has been in
session here sinoe Monday. Under or
dinary conditions, Mr. Sovereign's
term of office would not expire until
next meeting. This, however, it is
An Alleged Conspiracy to Wipe Bolivia
Oft the Map.
New York, Nov. 15. A dispatch to
the Herald from Valparaiso says: A
plan for a dreibund of Chile, Peru and
Argentina is in existence, which, if
adopted by the three governments, will
wipe Bolivia off the South American
map, Chile. Peru and Argentina divid
ing her .territory. Startling as this
statement is, there are many who are
inclined to give it credence. Without
a doubt some international move of im
portance is under contemplation. Chiie
and Peru have become entangled with
Bolivia, and what the result will be no
one can tell.
The demands of the alarmists for an
explanation from the government, it is
generally believed.'are justified. Senor
Salinas, Chile's minister to Sucre, Bo
livia, has gone to Santiago to confer
with the government on the situation.
The government flatly denies that he
will not return to Sucre, though there
are grave fears that 'he will be mur
dered if he does return, as the feeling
there against Chile is intense.
In the clubs, in cafes and at social
gatherings, everywhere in Bolivia
evervbodv hears Chile talked of as a
faithless nation. Reasons for all tho
feeling against Chile are to be found in
the rebellion of 1891, and its bearing
on the Ancion treaty. The revolution
ists promised to Bolivia, if she would
recognize the belligerency of the rebels,
that if they were victorious they would
give to Bolivia two years after victory
the two Peruvian provinces of Tacana
and Arica, held temporarily by Chile
under the Ancion treaty.-
More than six years elapsed since
the victory of the revolutionists, and
Chile has not yet fulfilled her promise,
for ike reason that by doing, so she
would trample on tho treaty. Bolivia
now insists on the fulfillment of this
promise, which Chile holds is illegal.
In the meantime Chile recalled Senor
Lira, the minister of Chile to Peru,
who belonged to the revolutionary
party, and has sent Senor Vicente
Santa Cruz, a Bahnacedist, there with
instructions to sound Peru on an alli
ance against Bolivia, against which
the government of Peru has grievances.
The plan is to bring about a war with
Bolivia and for Peru's asiistance it
promises to return Peru the provinces
of Tacana and Arica without putting
the question to popular vote or de
manding of Peru the 10,000,OOU soles
ransom, as provided in the Ancion
treaty. Chile has also prepared to
all necessary arms
and munitions to carry on a war with
In this connection the droibund
against Bolivia is considered. Argen
tina, it is said, will ba invited into the
alliance to give strength to the move
ment. The Heraldo says that it is reported
all international affairs between Chile
and Bolivia and Peru will soon be sat
isfactorily settled, except the commer
cial and police treaty, drawn by Bo
livia, and leaving the solution of the
Tacana-Arica question until next year.
Evidence of Steady Growth
ITEMS OF GENERAL INTEREST
WEEKLY MARKET LETTER.
fOffiee of Downing. Hopkins A Co., Chicago
Board of Trade Brokers, 711-714 Chamber of Com
merce Building, Portland, Oregon.)
NOT THE RIGHT TRAIN.
response, expressing his interest in the i whu8e gPnerai 0ffl0er8 during a
work of the bureau and the hope that , lnBBtin fflra ftiwaTa in t.iia hands of the
tho publication would lead to a closer
commercial relation between the repub
lics of American With the volume was
transmitted a letter to the president
from Joseph P. Smith, director of the
bureau, in which he stated the objects
of the publication. It is a commercial
cyclopedia of the Western hemisphere,
intended to furnish information for the
benefit of merchants and agriculturists.
President McKinley has been congratu
lated from time to time during the
progress of the work, and has shown
great interest in it.
A WHITECAP OUTRAGE.
fwo Ohio Girls Beaten and Tarred and
Holgate, O., Nov. 15. Word reached
this city this evening from Oakwood, a
bamlet 25 miles south, of an outrage
perpetrated last night by whitecaps
upon two girls, Edith and May Rob
erts, 19 and 17 years of age, respect
ively. Ten days ago the young ladies
received a whitecap notice warning
them to leave the town and county,
but they paid no attention to the no
tioe. Last night, they were awakened
by a band of eight or ten men entering
their rooms and dragging them from
their beds in their night-robes to the
near-by road, where they were terribly
whipped with a cat-o'-nine-tails, which
was found this morniDg. After beat
ing them, they gave the girls a coat of
tar and feathers and took them back to
the house, where they were found un
conscious this morning.
May, the younger of the girls, is in
a critical condition, the flesh being cut
to the bone by the whip. There is no
olew to the perpetrators.
I.adue Hobbed of Klondike Gold.
Chicago, Nov. 15. Joseph Ladue,
who struck it rich in the Kloudike.was
robbed of $700 worth of nuggets in the
depot of the Lake Shore railroad today.
The thief managed to secure the gold
while Ladue was walking from his
train to the depot door.
assembly, and can be chosen and de
posed at the will of the majority.
Along with Mr. Sovereign there were
three other officers retired because of
this meeting, viz: T. B. MoGuire,
general worthy foreman, of Amster
dam, N. Y.; Daniel Brown, of Mon
tana, and II. B. Martin, of Minneapo
lis, of the executive committee.
Henry A. Hicks, of district assem
bly 253, New York city, was chosen to
fill Mr. Sovereign's place, and I. D.
Chamberlain, of Pueblo, Colo., was
seleoted as general worthy foreman.
Stanfield Fitzpatriek, of Montreal, and
Henry Bostock, of assembly 800, glass
workers, were chosen as the two mem
bers of the executive board, the third
member being Andrew Best
Woman In Polities.
Tekamah, Neb., Nov. 15. Miss
Alice Thomason and Professor C. S.
Laughlin were married last evening.
The affair grew out of the election.
Professor Laughlin has been principal
of the local high school for some time,
and Miss Thomason had been his as
sistant. He was a Republican and his
pretty helper professed the Populist
This fall Professor Laughlin beoame
a candidate for superintendent of pub
lio instruction in Burt county. The
Populitts induced Miss Thomason to
accept their nomination. The cam
paign became quite animated. Miss
Thomason made speeches in opposition
to Laughlin and the fight was spirited.
On the eve of election, when it was
too lato for the Populists to select a
new candidate, Miss Thomason with
drew from tho race. As Mr. Laughlin
had practically no opposition he was
elected. The next cay cards an
nouncing their approaching marriage
were sent oat.
Both now admit that they intended
to be married all the time, but thought
all was fair in politics and took this
method of being sure of the position
Held I'p by I.one Highwayman.
Lewiston, Idaho, Nov. 15. Word
has been received here that the Warren
mail and express carrier was held up a
few miles from Warren by a lone high
wayman. He turned over the express
box, which contained a considerable
amount of gold dust, although the ex
act amount is not known.
Boston, Nov. 15. By the collapse of
a three-story brick building today four I
men were injured, one of whom, it is I
said, will probably die. I
Amnesty for Competitor Trlsoners.
Havana, Nov. 15. Dispatches from
Madrid confirm the reports that the
prisoners captured on the American
schooner Competitor in April, 1806,
will be included in the general am
nesty decree soon to be issued.
The finished portion of the new con
gressional library of Washington has
about, forty-four miles of shelving,
which will accommodate over 2,000,
Missouri Itobhers Were Wrong In Thell
Kansas City, Nov. 15. The Missouri
Pacific pastenger train known as the St.
Louis fast mail, which leaves Kansas
City at BP. M., was held up by five
masked robbers at 9:30 tonight at the
Chicago & Alton crossing, just east of
Independence, and less than a mile
from the famous blue out, in which
three trainrobberics have occurred
within the past year.
The robbers were disguised as women,
and when the engineer saw thorn swing
ing a lantern across the track, an ap
parent signal of danger, he did not
hesitate to stop. The engine's crew
was covered with revolvers. Conductor
Dennis O'Brien and Brakeman Michael
stepped out to see what was the matter,
and were greeted by a volley of bullets,
which caused the greatest confusion in
the passenger cars. The oonductor and
brakeman were compelled to cut the
express and baggage cars from the rest
of the train, and the engineer and fire
man were made to get down from their
oab. The robbers quickly jumped
aboard and took the engine and express
car about two miles further east, where
they stopped ana compelled Express
Messenger Williams to open his car.
He offered no resistance, as he carried
no treasure. The robbers had evident
ly intended to stop the St. Louis lim
ited express, which leaves Kansas City
at a late hour, and were greatly sur
prised upon discovering that the cars
which they had captured contained
nothing of value. In their rage they
pounced upon the express messenger
and went through his pockets, but $2.65
was all they secured. After this they
quickly left the train and disappeared
in the darkness. After a delay of over
an hour the train was got together
again and started on its journey.
The county marshal and his men
were at the scene of the robbery very
soon after, but there is every probabil
ity that the robbers were safely in In
dependence or Kansas City before any
organized effort was made to capture
The new standard postal card will be
a trifle smaller than the card now in
use, so that it can be inclosed in busi
ness envelopes of ordinary size.
Lone Highwayman's Haul.
Lewiston, Idaho, Nov. 15. Lotters
I received from Warren state that the
J highwayman who held up the express
messenger a few miles from Warren
j Novemlier 2 secured $1,000 in gold dust
from the treasure box, besides coin and
paper money that increased the booty
flm naitin i.u'n nminfil has ftAfiiloil
to appoint a municipal "hydrologist,"
whose duty it shall be to supervise tit
water supply of the city.
From All the Cities and Towns
- the Thriving Sister States
Umatilla county recently bought a
reversible road grader, and this county
now has four road machines.
The population of Lostine, Wallowa
sounty, is now estimated at 175.
Three months ago only 40 people were
A farmer of Tangent has nearly
ready for trial a steam plow that he
has invented, and which he thinks
will plow 15 acres of ground in a day.
A Curry oounty man soon expects to
begin manufacturing barrels in which
to pack fish. A number of such barrels
are used on the Coquille, and some on
Sixes and Elk rivers.
George H. Tolbert, who is in charge
of the Rogue river salmon hatchery
station, says that 1,679,800 eggs have
been taken. Some of the eggs now
taken are hatching.
The- cannery at Kernville near the
mouth of the Siletz river, in Lincoln
oounty, did a good business for the
season just closed. It is reported that
it canned about 10,000 cases of Balmon.
Track laying on the Astoria & Co
lumbia Rivei railway was completed
to Aldrich point Monday night. The
track-laying machine has been side
tracked at Knappa, and the work is
now being done by hand.
Fish have been plentiful on the
streams of Curry county this fall. One
fisherman caught 250 big salmon in the
Sixes in one night. Flora creek, Sixes
and Elk rivers, Rogue river and the
Chetco are all good salmon streams.
An Oalkand, Cal., man estimates
that the amount of apples contracted
for in Coos county this season, includ
ing those already shipped, figures' up to
80,000 boxes, and several thousand
more boxes are being held for higher
Baker City is the only city in Eastern
Oregon with a gas plant. There is also
an electric light plant. Three new re
torts have been added to the gaji plant,
and hall a mile of additional main
pipes have been laid since September
The cannery in Marshflcld shutdown
last week. The pack for the season
amounts to 8,500 cases, of which about
7,000 cases are ohinook. Some of the
salteries are still running, and the fish
ermen will probably continue opera
tions until the middle of the month.
A thoroughbred trotter juat 40 inches
high and weighing 000 pounds was
brought into The Dalles reoently.
The animal is well built, and perfectly
formed in body, but his legs are con
siderably shorter than those of a normal
horse. He was raisei in the Willam
The horso cannery at Linnton is fur
nishing a market for considerable num
ber of cayuses from Eastern Oregon and
Washington, and will in time relieve
the ranges of a large number of useless
stock. One day last week 10 calroads
passed through Ihe Dalles on the way
to Linnton. They were a lot of ponies
from the Warm Springs reservation.
About $750,000 will be paid out for
wheat at Tekoa this year.
A new brewery in Colfax will heign
operations this week.
The proprietors of the Tekoa mills
have 80,000 bushels of wheat now in
store and are running on full time.
They are shipping large quantities of
flour to China and Japan and their ex
port trade is increasing rapidly.
One hundred and seventy-five Chi
nese arrived at Taooma on the steamer
Utopia last week, en route from the
Blaine salmon cannorios for Portland.
After landing they and their baggage
were inspected ty uninese inspector
Jossey, and then put aboard cars and
dispatched to the metropolis.
A California mining man has discov
ered what he considers a good lead on
the Elwha river, 15 miles from the
mouth, in Clallam county. The ore
developed $8.88 in gold and 17 cents
in silver. The Selby Smelting Com
pany, of San Francisco, offered to take
1,000 tons of the ore at the assay valu
The receipts at the Everett custom
house for last month were $10,268.21,
which was all paid in silver, making a
little over a half a ton for Captain L.
II. Coon to handle during the flrtit
month he lias been in charge of the
office. This is the largest month's busi
ness that has ever been done in the
history of the office.
A proposition to establish, in Seat
tle, a plant for the manufacture of
oans, has been laid before the chamber
of coinmoroe by Irving Ayres, treasur
er of the Pacific sheet metal works, of
San Francisco. He is investigating
the probable advantages of such a
plant, and on his report to the directors
of the company, of whom lie is one,
will depend the inauguration of the en
terprise. The gathering of the cranberry crop
at the Chabot marsh, near llwuco, was
concluded last week, and the product i
will be over 6,000 bushels. Last year ,
it was 6,600 bushels. About 40 China
men were engaged as pickers this year,
and about 100 hundred white people,
men, women, boys and girls. At 50
cents a bushol, these pickers earned
Just $3,000. '
At Olympia land office six final
proofs were made, three were received
from subordinate officers and three frouj
homestead enrties wore made.
AGAINST THE CANAL.
The aotion of the market has been a
great disappointment to the bulls, and
there is a growing feeling that with
favorable conditions in the winter
wheat sections for the next two weeks,
that wheat possiby may sag still lower.
The news has been rather bearish in
many respeots, the enormous receipts
(much of which 'is low grade), the
heavy rains in the winter wheat sec
tions in the past week, the improved
conditions in the Argentine, and the
smaller demand for flour has caused a
liquidating movement to set in that has
carried May wheat down to a lower
price than it has seen for a long time
Claims are made that the ealier esti
mates of Europe's import requirements
of breadstuffs are now thought to have
been somewhat too high. In addition,
the demand has been, so far, easily
met, causing together a shade of iudif
ferenoe on the part of purchasers. In
all estimates of the future, much is
made of what may be expected of the
crops o'f the Argentine and of the Au
stralian oolonies. Too many perhaps,
forgot that while harvesting begins in
about a month, the products of the
harvest do not appear, to any great ex
tent, before April or May. The large
shipments from Russia and America
yet stifle any undue efforts on the part
of buyers in Western Europe to secure
larger shipments at present, especially
as the quantity on passage is about
double the amount so found at the be
ginning of our crop season. It is not
surprising, in view of these conditions
that the markets have oocasions of re
lapse, But later, when the two prin
cipal sources of supply begin to bIiow
actual exhaustion, as they may be ex
pected to, at the rapid rate of shipping,
an upward turn in altairs is likely to
ensue., it snouM be no disappointment
to those who habitually understate the
resources of exporters to find relapse in
prices when the 'facts showing it are
developed. Still there need be no great
apprehension of the future for the sup
ply is none too great for the natural
wants of the world.
Wheat Whl la Walla, 72 73 c; Val
ley and Bltu'Stem, 75 76c per bushel.
Four Best grades, $4.25; graham,
$3.70; superfine, $2.40 per barrel.
Oats Choice white, 8384c; ohoioo
gray, 8132o per bushel.
Barley Feed barley, $19 20; brew
ing, $20 per ton.
Millstiffs Bran, $14 per ton; mid
dlings, $21; shorts, $15.50.
Hay Timothy, $13 12.50; clover,
$1011; California wheat, $10; do
oat, $11; Oregon wild hay, $010 pel
Eggs 22 24c per dozen.
Butter Fancy creamery, 4550o;
fair to good, 8540c; dairy, 2585c
Cheese Oregon, lo; Young
America, 12sc; California, 910c
Poultry Chickens, mixed, $1.50
2.50 per doezn; broilers, $2.002.50;
geese, $5.00; ducks, $3.004.0C
per dozen; turkeys, live, 10llcpei
Potatoes Oregon Burhanks, 85 40c
per sack; sweets, $1.40 per cental.
Onions Oregon, now, red, 90c; yel
low, 80o per cental.
Hops 8 lac per pound for new
Crop; 1890 crop, 67o.
Wool Valley, 14 16c per pound;
Eastern Oregon, 712o; mohair, 20
22o per pound.
Mutton Gross, bost sheep, wethers
and ewes, $3. 60 2. 60; dressed mutton,
6o; spring lambs, 6)0 per pound.
Hogs Gross, choice heavy, $4.60;
light and feeders, $3. 004.00; dressed,
$4.505.00 per 100 pounds.
Beef Gross, top steers, $3.753.00;
cows, $3.25; dressed beef, 45jC pel
Veal Largo, 4,'5o; small, 6
6o per pound.
Butter raney native creamery,
brick, 24 (it 25c; ranoh, 16 18c.
Cheese Native Washington, 2o;
Eggs Fresh ranch," 80c.
Poultry Chickens, live, per pound,
hens, 10c; spring chickens, $3.50
8.00; ducks, $3.603.75.
Wheat Feed wheat, $25 per ton.
Oats Choice, per ton, $19 20.
Corn Whole, $22; cracked, per ton
22; feed meal, $23 per ton.
Barley Rolled or ground, per ton
32; whole, $22.
Fresh Meats Choice dressed beef.
steers, 6c; cows, 6o; mutton sheep,
6c; pork, 7c; veal, small, 7.
Fresh Fish Halibut, 6c; salmon
8jc; salmon trout, 710o; flounders
and sole, 8 4; ling cod, 4 5; rock cod
6c; smelt, 2,'y4c.
iTresh Fruit Apples, Z5ol per
box; peaches, 75 80c; prunes, 86 40c
pears, $1 per box.
Han Francisco Market.
Wool Nevada .11 13c; Oregon, 13
14c; Northern 1416o per pound.
Hops 12,14c per pound.
Millstuffs Middlings, $2022; Cal
ifornia bran, $16.00 16.60 per ton.
Onions New rod. 70ffi80e; do new
ilverskin, $1.00 1.15 per cental.
Eggs Store, 18 20c; ranoh, 89
41c; Eastern, 17 25; duck, 25c per
Potatoes Now, in boxes, 80 70c.
Cheese Fancy mild, now, 12'c; fair
to good, 7 Ct. 8c per pound..
Citrus, Fruit Oranges, Valencias,
$1.608.00; Mexican limes, $3.60f
3.00; California lemons, choice, $3.00
2.50; do common, 76c $1 per box,
Hay Wheat, 1216; wheat and
oat, $11; oat, $1012; river bar
ley, $7 8; best barley, $10 12;
alfalfa, $8ft9.50; clover, $810.
resh Jrult Apples, 5(tuO jmr
large box; grapes, 2540o; Isabella,
CO 75c; peaches, 60c $1; pours, 40
65c per box; plums, 25 fa a 5c.
Be Mwch Opposttson at tne
Washington, Nov. 15. One of the.
prominent measures which will be
brought before congress at the coming
session is the consideration of the Nic
aragua canal. From the present out
look it is probable that no action will
be taken, and that a final vote on tha
bill will not be reached. The main
proposition which is now pending is the
construction of the oanal by a 00m
pany, the bonds of which to the amount
of $70,000,000 shall be guaranteed by
It is not strange, in view of the re
oent complications whioh have arisen,
that members of congress hesitate about
going into a scheme involving any suclv
guarantee. It may mean that the Uni
ted States will not only pay the interest,
but, in the end, will be compelled to
pay the principal of these bonds. There
is also fear of a scheme or trick by some
underhanded and underground meth
ods. People do not care to be entangled
with a concern which is operating for
its own profit. Many men would gladly
vote for the building of the Nicaragua
oanal if the United States would have
.absoltue control, and if it was assured
that it could be built for $100,000,000,
but, as the matter stands now, it is
very doubtful whether the canal can be
built for that amount, and it is also
doubtful whether the company which
owns the concessions will be able to
carry out the plans and purposes of the
bill which has long been pending before
It is well known that the greatest
benefits that would come from building
the canal would accrue first to the At
lantic coast New York and New Eng
land then the Gulf states, next the
Pacifio states, and following, possibly
the states bordering on the Mississippi
river, which would ship thoir products
to the Pacifio coast by way of the Nic
aragua canal. It must be acknowl
edged th.t the interior states would de
rive little benefit, and is it not to be
wondered at that their representatives
hesitate about them embarking in any
such undertaking. Even big Tom
Reed, the speaker of the house, hailing
from Maine, a great maritime state,
hesitates about putting the seal of his
approval, or, in other words, allowing ,
the Nicaragua canal bill to come before
the house, when it involves suoh a vast
expenditure from the United States
These arethe reasons that will pre
vent the consideration and passage of
the Nicaragua oanal bill at the coining
"X" RAY IN A DAMAGE SUIT.
Roentgen's Discovery In Court for tha
New York, Nov. 15. "X" rays
were used in oourt for the first time in
this country in a damage suit before a.
ury in the Brooklyn superior court.
Martin Hutchinson, 9 years old, was
subjeoted to ray examination for sev
eral minutes. Ho was injured on
Christmas night, 1895, by being eject
ed from a street oar. The plaintiff
contends that the head of the left
humerus was fractured from the boy's
fall from the oar when the oonductor
threw him off.
A dynamo was plaoed in front of the
jury box and near the lawyers' table,
and a large Crooke s lube was used.
Soon after the case had been resumed
young Hutchinson's jacket and outside
shirt were removed. The arms and
shoulders were exposed.
Befoie the examination the question
as to wliotner any possible injury
would result from the examination was
discussed. J. Stewart Ross, who rep
resents the plaintiff, insisted that a
limit as to the time of the examination
should be set. It was decided that it
should be three minutes.
When the boy took his seat with his
loft shoulder about six inches from the
Crooke's tube, he smiled at the jury
and the lawyers. Dr. William Morton
looked at the boy's left shoulder
through a fleuroscope, nd Judge John
son, who presided at the trial, stood np
and timed the proooeding. George L.
Fowler then took the fleuroscope and
looked at the boy's left arm and should
er until time was called.
Dr. Morton and Dr. Fowler will toll
on the stand the result ot the examina
tion. Thoy are witnesses for the de
fense. Previous to that made in court there
had boen examinations ot the 1 boy's
shoulder. The examinations were
made to fchow the lesult of the fractures.
Outlook Has Improved.
New York. Nov. 15. A dispatch to
the Herald from Madrid says: The out
look as regards the United States is
considered to have improved. Greater
quiet prevails here.
It is reported here that the papal
nuncio at Madrid who is at present in
Rome has received instructions fom the
pope to exhort the Spanish clergy
against espousing tho cause of Don
Weavers' Demands Granted.
Philadelphia, Nov. 15. The 250
Weavers employed by F. A. Baohnian
Hi Co., who struck about three weeks
ago for higher wages, returned to work
tiiis aftornon, tho company having
granted them an advance of from 5 to
8 per cent. The strike of weavors threw
nearly 1,000 persons out of work. '
' Polar Expeditions.
Stockholm, Nov. 16. King Oscar
ami a number of private persons have
contributed sufficient money to insure
the dispatch of the Swedish polar ex
pedition in 1898, which will be led by
Professor Nathorst, the geologist. The)
cost of the expedition is estimated at
70,000 crowns. '
The Decree of Antonnmy.
Madrid, Nov. 15. The royal flecros)
granting aurbnomy to. Cuba will be
formally gazetted November S3.