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About Mt. Scott herald. (Lents, Multnomah Co., Or.) 1914-1923 | View Entire Issue (June 1, 1916)
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Lents, Multnomah County, Oregon, June 1,1916
THAN ANY U.S. CITY
SittM TvMlFHn Ynrs Bi
fore St Augustine.
MINING CHIEF INOUSTRY.
Amounted to Big Figure« Before the
Various Revolutions Disturbed the
Farmore United Stotoe Troop« Have
Oooupiod the Town Three Tim««.
"< iilhunhua City io figurliw with aL
tuoet aa iuiM-h persistence in (bo uowa
dlapnti'hm of today aa did Vera Crus
during tlw Taiupico incident, yet tiw
average Amert au'i only turntai asso
ciation with the name of the capital of
th« largret alate in the Mexican repub
lic la that 'It's the place the funny
Utile doge ci > um < from,* " nay» a primer
kerned by (he National Geographic ao-
etety. which tella of the importance of
thia city of 40,000 Inhabitants whoso
history antedates by more than a quar
ter of a century the Drat prnuanent
settlement maile by Eur<q>eniu> in tho
United State»—at ML Auguatlne, Fla ,
**Tlie march of General Pershing's
punitive expeditionary force marks
U m > third visit of a body of United
Blate« aoklIrra to thia center of tho
(lining Industry of the state of Chi
huahua, which la aa Large aa the com
bi -««<1 areas of Ohio and Pennsylvania."
co tlnuew the bulletin. "During the
Mexican war that unique Missouri law
yer. Colonel A. W. Doniphan, captured
th. city with a force of Ires than a
thousand men tn 1S47, and Lu the same
war it fell again before the Americans
under General Price.
• Dun’t Review of Trade
Cotton of All Colors.
•‘legends of the Toltecs. recon led in
their sacred books, tell ns that Quet-
■alcohuatl, god of the air, grew cotton
of all colors in his garden and taught
its many uses. Aa to colored cotton,
the Mexicans have never felt the pinch
of a dyestuff famine, at least red dye
stuff. for this country la the home of
the cochineal, that odd Insect whose
dried bodies furnish such n wonderful
and lasting scarlet coloring matter.
"In some parts of Chihuahua cotton
Is perennial, and it is unnecessary to
plant it of toner than once In ten years.
“The spinning of woolen yarn and
weaving of woolen cloth is one of the
industries of Chihuahua City, dating
back to the Importation of the merino
ebeep by the Spaniards in 1541. It
should be remembered incidentally
that all the domestic animals of Mexi
co date from the Spanish conquest, and
the herds of cattle, goats, sheep and
swine which now find excellent pas
turage an the plateau surrounding Chi
huahua have sprung from the original
Spanish stock, except for the few
strains Introduced in an effort to im
prove the standard.
“Of the 23.101 mining properties list
ed In Mexico In 100« five-sixths of
them produce silver, and of these Ban
ta Eulalle, twelve miles outside of Chi
huahua. is tho moat famous. It has
prodneed a» high as 20,000 tone of sil
ver hearing ore a month. The hand
some parish church In the capital.
Which was in the course of construc
tion for three quarters of a century,
was built from a tax levied on the
outpnt of thia mine.
—"When the Aiteca vuifkal tM-Chl-
Amendment to Postal
Speaking of business and indua-
trial conditions in the Pacific
northwest, and with reference to
Portland and vicinity in partlcu-
lar, Dun’s Review for May 27th
eaye: There le a noticeable prog-
reee toward better conditions in
moot Hues of trade, and the im-
provement in sentiment, apparent
for several weeks past, baa given
way to an actual gain in volume
of business. Betterment In the
lumber Industry is one of the
main factors, and the effect of
the wider activity in logging and
milling operations is being gener-
ally felt in this territory. Practi-
rally all of the mills are now run-
ning on full Ume and some of
them are operating day and night,
while many are steadily falling
behind on domestic orders. Ex-
port lumber trade is restricted by
the scarcity of ocean-going ships.
Crop prospects on the whole are
favorable. Tho wheat crop of the
I'aciflc Northwest, because of the
reduced winter acreage, is now m -
timated at about fifty to fifty-five
million bushels, against a yield of
about seventy million bushels last
year. Early fruits were damaged
severely In several sections by late
frosts, but apples are reported un-
harmed and a record crop is ex-
BILL TAKES FORM
Amended Draft Receives Approval
Measure to Go On Ballot
Be Sumitted to Oregon Voters.
The following draft of the Rural
Credit bill has received the endorsement
of lite committee representing the Plate
Grange, Oregon Farmers' Union and
State Federation of Labor, appointed to
prepare the measure for the ballot, ami
has lieen approved by the Attorney
General. It has been submitted for pub
lication by Dr. Hector Macpherson, of
the O, A. C. Bureau of Markets, who
assisted in drawing its provisions.
Notwithstanding the limitations con
tained in Section 7 of Article XI of this
constitution, the credit of the state may
be loaned and indebtedness incurred to
an amount not exceeding two per cent
of.the assessed valuation of all property
in the state for the purpose of providing
funds to be loaned upon the security of
fartp lands within the state, subject to
the limitations herein contained.
The governor, secretary of state and
state treasurer, shall constitute the State
iAnd Board, which board is hereby
authorised and directed to issue and sell
or pledge bonds in the name of the state
to im > known as Oregon Farm Credit
Bonds in an amount not to exceed said
two per cent of the assessed valuation of
all the property in the state ami to place
ths proceeds in the state treasury in a
fund to be known as the "Rural Credit
Said bonds shall be issued in denomi
nations of $25, $100, $500, and $1,000 and
shall be issued in series of $50,000, or
multiples thereof, drawn to mature in
not more than thirty-six years. They
sl>all bear interest at the rate jnt four per
cent per annum, and shall lie exempt
from all taxes levied by the state of
Oregon, or any of its subdivisions.
Said State iAnd Board is authorised
and directed to loan the moneys in said
Rural Credit Ix»n Fund to owners oi
farm lands in Oregon upon notes se
cured by mortgages or deeds of trust
constituting first liens on such farm
lands in amounts which shall not exceed
fifty per cent of the value of such lands
(Continued on Page 41*
hnaEna mines tEeir skilled artificers
used reed blowpipes In metttng the
metals. They also made a bronze,
much the same as that used In Europe,
but they did not know the uses of iron,
even though there wax before them
that mountain of almost solid iron
only n few miles outside the city of
Durango, a mountain nearly a mile
long, a ’third of n mile wide at the
base and nearly 700 feet high, worth,
it lx estimated, ax ranch ax all the
gold and silver produced in the mines
of Mexico in two centuries.”
Hidalgo E ■•outed There.
‘'Chihuahua la more accustomed,
however. to seeing its people engaged
tn Internecine strife than in opposing
a foreign foe. It was here, for exam
ple. that (be iwtrlot priest, Hidalgo,
was executed In kHll. following the
failure of the revolution which he led
in an effort to thnrw off the Spanish
yoke. Tlw moat Imiasdng monument
in the city la tn memory of this beloved
national hero, the incidents of whose
death are aa («thetic aa the passing of
any martyr since the days of Joan of
Arc Tho priest was condemned to die
at dawn. While being led to the place
of execution he remembered that he
had left some sweetmeats under his
pillow. He asked one of the soldiers
to return for them, and when they
were brought he distributed them with
his tUeaalng among the memlieni of the
Bring squad Knowing that the misty
light of dawn would make It difficult
for the so Id Lera to alm accurately, the
priest calmly placed Ills hand over his
heart agalust the black rolie so that
they could locate the vital spot.
"While the mining Industry In the
territory contiguous to Chihuahua City
la four times as Important as (lie agri
cultural Interests, nevertheless (he rais
ing of corn, fruits and cotton Is impor
tant, and an Interesting feature of the
lent named product Is that Its manu
facture into cloth dates l«ck to the
days of Cortex. who sent to hla sov
ereign, the king of Spain, some of the
finely woven material from the land
which utilised cotton for clothing even
before Europe knew Its uses
Let me but do my work from day to day,
In field or forest, at the desk or loom,
In roaring market-place, or tranquil room;
Let me but find it in my heart to say,
When vagrant wishes beckon me astray;
“This is my work; my blessing, not my doom;
Of all who live, I am the one by whom
This work can best be done, in the right way.
Then shall I see It not too peat, nor small,
To suit my spirit and to prove my powers;
Then shall I cheerfully greet the laboring hours;
And cheerful turn, when the long shadows tall
At eventide, to play, ud love, and rest,
Because I know for me my life Is best
Henry Van Dyke (Suggestion Magazine)
By W. A. HOLLINGWORTH
Larger postal savings deposit«
will now be accepted at the Lents
postoffice. Thia is made possible
by an important amendment to
the poetal savings act just approv
ed by Preeident Wilson. A pos
tal savings depositor may now
have an account amounting to
$1.000. This enlargement of pos
tal savings facilities will be grati
fying to thousands of depositors.
Another feature of the amend
ment that will avoid further em
barrassment to the public and to
postal officials is the doing away
with the limit on the amount that
could be accepted from a depositor
monthly. Under the old law only
$100 could be deposited in a cal
endar month. The amendment
abolishes this restriction. While
the poetal savings system has al
ready proved a signal success as
is shown by ths fact that more
than half a million depositors
have over eighty million dollars
standing to their credit, still it
has fallen short of meeting the
full demands of the public be
cause of the restrictions which
have now been eliminated. Post
master General Burleson s n d
Third Assistant Postmaster Dock
ery have been tireless in their ef
forts to secure these amendments
to the postal savings act.
Must Know How Far Awj
Enemy Is io Shoot Accurately.
GERMANS MOST EFFICIENT.
Marksmanship Depend« on Sight—One
Can Soo 100 Yards on a Moonlight
Night. White on a Dark Night ths
Limit la Twelve Yards—Our System
of Determining Distance.
Memorial servicse were field last Sun-1 Tuesday evening. May 30th. the Arleta a e
day at the Laurelwood M. E. church Congregational church folks gave a fare- o
In the morning Rev. James Mailley well reception to Arthur Barnard and
preached, and in the evening the pastaf, family, who are shortly to take np their
Rev. C. R. Carlos, occupied the pulpit. residence in Salem, Oregon. Each de
At the latter service the choir sang a partment of the church was represented
special memorial day anthem, and V. G. by a spokesman who tendered regrets
Kloek sang “Oh, Loving Father” as an and last wishes to the departing ones.
Light refreshments concluded the pleas-
Friday afternoon, May 28th, at the
Monday afternoon. May 29th. the la
home of Mrs. W. J. Hollingworth the
of the Arleta Congregational church
Pollyanna Club met for its regular month
surprised Mrs. Knodell, at her apart- Fine Weather and Patriotism Com
ly gathering. Several chapters of that U<nu at 29th and Ash, with a flower
bine to Make Decoration Day One
fascinating book, from which the club shower. The ladies also added rest to
Big Success With the G. A. R.
takes its name, "Pollyanna,“ were read the occasion by serving surprise refresh
And Lents People.
by the hostess. Though several had read ments.
the book, its pathos brought quick tears
Decoration Day, May 30, 191« will go
The Square Deal Class, taught by Mr.
and its humor laughter, as at the first
FVed LeRoy, will give an entertainment of down in the history of the local patriotic
reading. If you have not met Polly
shadow pictures, readings, and music at organizations as one of the most delight
anna and do not know about her “glad
the Arleta Congregational chnrch Friday ful in the history of this celebration.
game,” you have missed a rare treat. evening, June 2d,
The sun came out early and tho there
Get the book from the library, or buy it,
was a threatening tendency to rain dur
or borrow it—but get it and lead it.
At the last regular meeting of the Ar ing the forenoon, nothing of consequence
Those present were Mssdames -Lillie leta Parent-Teacher Association the fol came of it.
Perry, Reagan. Dow; Anna Clough, lowing officers were elected: Pretidenl,
Members of the G. A. R. and Circle
Betx, Canthorn, Hollingworth; and the Mrs. Archibald McIntyre; vice-presi left shortly after nine to begin the work
Misses Mary E. Betz and Iva Clougn.
dent, Mrs. A. R. Palmer; recording sec of decoration.
Long before noon
retary. Miss Reuter; corresponding sec Multnomah and Mt. Scott cemeteries
Mr. J. Ray and family of 5flth ave.
retary, Mrs. J. J. Handsaker; treasurer, were thronged with people who came
and 72d street have moved to a farm Mrs. Hager.
not only to pay tribute to old soldiers
near Forest Grove.
On Friday evening, June 2, Miss friends but to renew the memories of
Thelma Mollet and Gladys Weakley Grace Spaulding’s "Buds of Promise,” dear friends and relatives. Roses and
spent the week-end with the latter's and Mr. G. W. Merry’s “Fishers,” the fern and myriad other floral beauties
cousin, who lives near Oregon City.
third year Junior classes of the Millard were showered on the tombs and then
after a brief communion with the mem
The Arleta W. C. T. U. held its regu Avenue Preebyterion School, will give a
orise of dear ones gone before, the
lar business session at the home of Mrs.
throngB flowed back to be renewed by
M. Frances Swope. 71st street, near Mil church. Program begins at 8 o’clock.
later comers and it was past noon be
lard ave., Tuesday afternoon. May 23d.
The Millard Avenne Presbyterian fore all had come to lay their mementos
In the absence of the two presiding of
Church School will hold special Day ser beside the departed.
ficers, Mrs. Merry acted as chairman.
vices Sunday morning beginning at 10:30.
After noon, at two o’clock, the mem
Mrs. Mary Fishbum, president of the Tiie various departments of the school bers of the G, A. R. and Circle met at
Arleta W. C. T. U. is convalescing at will be represented on the program.
Oddfellows ball and conducted the fol
her home at 4810 71st street, alter a se
The residents along 45th Avenne are
rious operation at the Portland Sanita greatly pleased with the progress being
Prayer, Rev. Browne; Song, Lente
made with the improvement of the Ave School; Recitation, Mrs. Augustine;
The Arleta Congregational church la nue. The sidewalks have been complet President Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address,
Mrs. Olive M. Wittie; Song, Woodmere
dies received the Kern Park Christian ed from 67th street to 72d street, and the School; Recitation, Girl; Flag Drill,
church ladies in a Home Missionary ses grading is practically completed to 79th Woodmere School Pupils; Song, Boy;
sion Wednesday afternoon. May 24th, street. The P. R. L. A P. Co. has a Gen. Logan’s Order No. 11, Adjutant
after a 1 o’clock luncheon in the Arleta force of men moving the company's poles Hamlin; Memorial Address, Rev. J. J.
Congregational church. The following which were standing in the street after Walter; America, Audience; Tape, Boy
program was given: Devotionals, Mrs. tiie correction of the north line of the Scout Smith.
Stella Shorey; Organ Voluntary, Mrs. Avenue was made. A couple of weeks
It was all good and concerning the
Paul Walker; Paper, "Indians,” Mrs. of fair weather will enable the contrac various features the commander of the
Dana Morgan; Piano Solo. Mrs. 8hort; tors to complete the job.
local post says:
Paper, “General Missionary Work Out
Seventy-Seventh street is being re
In behalf of Reuben Wilson Post I
line,” Mrs. M. Frances Swope.
graded and prepared for a coat of oil.
want to thank Comrade Walters for the
fine address he gave us, also Rev.
Browne for the beautiful prayer and
sermon and I-ents and Woodmere
Schools, the Boy Scouts who helped us
so much and especially Cecil Browne,
Two of the Bingley sisters play cornets, who blew the tape so nicely, also those
Evangelistic services are being held in
a large tent two blocks south ot Tremont accompanied by the third sister at the who furnished autos and all who took
Station every evening and will be con piano. One also plays the euphonium. part in the program.
John Walrod, Commander.
tinued all next week, conducted by Rev. They assist and lead in the congrega
L. F. Smith and Rev. James Mai Iley, tional singing and render special selec
assisted by the Bingley asters, musicians, tions at every service.
To Observe ChMdren’s Day
of Centralia, Washington.
Increasing interest is being manifested
Rev. Mailley, a native of Scotland, has in the meetings and the splendid music
crossed two oceans and a continent, is a and singing is serving to help All the
The Bible School of the Kern Park
veteran chaplain of theSpanish-American tent with interested audiences. A song
war, and has lost two sons in the naval service precedes the preaching. All are Christian chnrch willobeerve Children’s
service. He is able, from his wide ex
Day Sunday, June 4th, at 8 p. m. The
perience, to speak with earnestness, invited. The meetings begin at 8 p. m. exercise to. be given is entitled "Child
pointedly and attractively.
ren’s Day in China," and about half of
the numbers on the program will be
given by the members of the Chinese
Will Lecture on Birds
Concert at Arleta School Auditorium1
Mission Bible School from the city. Ev
Miss Hammond of Oregon City will
The Amphion Male Chorus will hold
give a lecture on birds at the I^nte Li
a concert at the Arleta School Audito brary at 8 o’clock on Friday evening,
rium Monday evening, June 5th. A June 2d. Everyone interested in birds
Lane County produced 36,000 lbs. of
small charge will be made.
invited to be present.
mascara bark the last half of 1915.
TENT MEETING IN PROGRESS AT ARLETA
Many military experts have given It
as their opinion that the training of
soldiers' eyesight is the first and most
lm;x>rtant feature of musketry, and a
man who is a good Judge of distance is
of much greater value on the battle
field than one who is a skilled shot
Not the least Interesting are the les
sons to- training a soldier to see in the
dark. It is Impressed upon him that
the ability to see Ln the dark Increases
It Is found that on open level ground
a standing man In khaki can be seen
on an ordinary dark night at about
twelve yards, on a starlight night
twenty-four yards and on a moonlight
night, with the moon behind the ob
server, fifty yards.
When the moon is behind the person
looked at the limit of vision is about
A column of fours moving toward
the observer can be Been on an ordi
nary dark night at about eighteen
yards' distance, with the mocn behind
the observer 120 yards and about 140
yards when the moon is behind the
men looked at
Can Judge at 1,000 Yards.
Soldiers are trained to judge dte-
tances up to 1,000 yards. Eight hun
dred yards Is fixed as the limit for the
rank and file, because it is found that
the most expert shots rarely hit a
small target such as a prone figure,
at a distance over 800 yards, even
when the range is known.
The British standard of accuracy re
quires that the mean error for trained
soldiers in Judging distances within
800 yards’ range should not exceed 100
yards. In Judging distance tests offi-
<. ers. noncommissioned officers and men
whose error exceeds 29 per cent are
regarded as Inefficient
In Germany, according to "Notes on
Visual Training." the best Judges make
10 per cent of error: in Austria the
average error is 12 per cent
In Erance 15 per cent is laid down
as the normal error up to 1.000 yards.
In America a very practical sliding
scale is in vogue, where the highest
skill in shooting must be accompanied
by a high standard in Judging distance.
The following Is a rough guide for
Judging lateral distances running at
right angles to the observer at various
distances: With one eye shut and the
hand at arm's length to the front with
the fingers perpendicular, the breadth
of six fingers will cover 100 yards of
lateral distance at a distance of 500
yards from the observer.
Under the same conditions the
breadth of three fingers will cover a
lateral distance of 100 yards at a dis-
tance of 1,000 yards.
The breadth of two fingers will cov-
er a lateral distance of 100 yards at
The width of the thumb will roughly
cover 100 yards of lateral distance
2,000 yards away.
This method may be employed to in
dicate roughly the approximate dis
tance of an objective from a descrip
tion point Only one hand should be
used, even if more than one hand’s
breadth Is required to indicate the dis
The arm must be held cut perfectly
straight from the shoulder in front of
the face, with the fingers vertical.
If, however, the object is immediate
ly above or below the description point
the fingers should be horizontal.
In measuring distances one eye
should be closed and both the d escitp-
tion point and the objective kept in
A Story of Old Ironsidos.
One of the most famous of ths Con
stitution's exploits was during ths war
of 1812, when she escaped from
Broke’s squadron, among which she
had accidentally fallen. The sea was
almost a dead calm, so Captain Hull
had to resort to towing. All her boats
were lowered, with long lines attached,
and in addition Hull had ropes spliced
together to make a line half a mile
long, to which be attached a kedga an
chor. This was carried in a boat half
a mile ahead and dropped, when the
crew hauled the ship rapidly forward.
The commodore of the English squad
ron soon adopted the same tactics, and
if it had not been for a breeze spring
ing up the Constitution would have