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About Mt. Scott herald. (Lents, Multnomah Co., Or.) 1914-1923 | View Entire Issue (June 11, 1914)
REBEL MUNITIONS 1 7o//s Arbitration
1 brunt Upon Senate AWAIT REPLY .
I nitcd States Stands Neutral
On Port of Tampico.
England Notifies Wilton if Villa
Becomes President, Hen ton
Matter Must Be Settled.
London Th« Daily Exprexa aaaerta
that Sir Edward Grey, the British for
eign minister, has notified Preaident
Wilson In friendly hut unequivocal
terms that if General Villa should be
come president of Mexico the British
goveriunent would demand and exact
satisfaction for the murder of William
S. Benton, who wax killed last Febru
ary by the conalitutionaliata.
Washington, ' D. C. — Information
reaching Washington late Saturday
that tlu< American schooner Sunshine
from Galveston had landed ammunition
at Tampico for the Mexican constitu
tionalists without interference on the
part of the United States or the Hu
erta government wax received in offi
cial quarters here without comment.
The presence of the Sunshine at
Tampico with arms aboard consigned
to the constitutionalists had been
known to the Washington government
for several days and the actual deliv
ery of munitions of war for the
enemies of the Huerta government
without interference was regarded
With the Cuban steamer Antilia on
route from New York to Tampico with
arms consigned to Carransa's forces,
there has been much sfiecuiation aa to
what the United States would do in
case the Huerta government should
attempt a blockade of the [x»rt. Every
indication, however, is that the United
States will maintain its previously
announced position that Tampico was
an open port.
Should the Huerta gunboats at Pu
erto Mexico and Alvarado manifest
any signs of moving toward Tampico,
Admiral Badger was instructed to re-
|a>rt at once to Washington.
Mexican vessels have since been kept
under close surveillance.
The movement of arms, pending re
sults of mediation at Niagara Falls
and the proposals to the constitutional
ists to participate in the peace negoti
ations, have been followed by rumors
of disapproval on the part of the South
American envoys engaged in the effort
to comfSMe the Mexican situation. In
fact, there have been widespread re
ports that the mediators had protested
against the United States [»ermitting
the delivery of ammuntition to the
constitutionalists at Tampico.
Secretary Bryan declared that the
State de|>artment had received no pro
test from the mediators and he also
denied reports that Mr. Rai no, the
S|>anixh amliaaxador, who represents
the interests of General Huerta in the
United States, had protested against
the delivery of munitions of war to the
Militant Suffragette Van
dal» Continue Ravage»
1-ondon The campaign of arson and
attempts at destruction of pro|H>rty by
means of bombs was continued here
by the suffragettes.
Breadsail church, a historic edifice
near Derby, was destroyed in the early
morning Saturday, an amatuerish bomb
was found in Dudhope Castle, near
Dundee. The fuse of the bomb had
been extinguished by the wind.
Sylvia Pankhurst, borne to the plat
form on an invalid chair, made another
appearance at a suffragette meeting in
Cannington and repeated her threat
that she would lie on the steps of the
house of commons without food or
water until Premier Asquith consented
to receive a deputation of her follow
Washington, I). C. Just whan a
vote on the Panama canal tulla exernp-
lion bill seemed certain to come with-
in a few days, the senate foreign rela-
tlona committee complicated the sit-
UMtion by reporting favorably a reso
lution designed to lead to the submis
sion of the dispute with Great Britain
to arbitration by an international tri
There wax no discussion of the reso
lution, but it will be taken up before
a vote is reached on the rc|>eal bill it
self anti its upiiearance la-fore the sen
ate undoubtedly will lead to further
So far us administration leaders
know the President is op)x»ed to ar
bitration unless the tolls exemption re
pel, I bill is passed previously.
believed by many senators that with
out the President’s approval no arbi
tration pro|smal can receive a major
In the debate Senator Vardman,
Democrat, of Mississippi, a vigorous
op|s,nent of repeal, made an impas
sioned s|>eech eriticising the Presi
dent’s position and attacked Senator
Root, one of the leaders of the oppo
The Sutherland resolution provides
for arbitration of the ’’differences that
have nrisen between the United States
and Great Britain” under the Hay-
Paunccfote treaty, “in the matter of
the payment of tolls which may be ex
acted for the use of the Panama ca
nal.” It is projM>se<l under the gener
al arbitration treaty between the two
countries, which provides for arbitra
tion of disputes, not affecting national
honor, independence or vital interest,
at The Hague or by special tribunal.
The resolution pro|s>seH that the
President "be requested to open diplo
matic negotiations with Great Bri
tain” with a view to making a special
agreement for an "impartial interna
tional tribunal for arbitration” and for
the submission to it of the difference
between the countries.
Passage of this resolution would re
quire only a majority in the senate,
but to ratify the special agreement for
the court would require a two-thirds
vote in the senate.
who favor arbitraiton have asserted it
would lie impossible to obtain the
votes to ratify thia agreement
Senator Vardman’s speech attracted
much attention and [»art of it was
heard by a score of members of the
hou»e. He criticised President Wil
son for failing to keep the pledges of
the Baltimore platform and referred
to one of the President's speeches, in
which the executive said the Demo
cratic platform was "not molasses to
catch flies with."
Karluk Detail» Given
by Captain Bartlett
Fairbanks, Alaska Additional de
tails of the loss of the Stefansson ex
ploring ship Karluk are contained in
advices from St. Michael, where Cap
tain Robert A. Bartlett was landed by
the whaler Herman. The Karluk was
crushed in the ice and sank 60 miles
north of Herald Island in the Arctic
ocean northeast of Siberia January 16,
after having been held fast in the ice
from the time she disappeared from
near Point Barrow last September.
Captain Bartlett reported that while
the Karluk was drifting with the ice
it was impossible for the men aboard
to make a safe landing and they
stayed by the ship until she was crushd
when they loaded their sledges with
provisions and made their way over
the ice to Wrangell Island.
They have sufficient provisions and
fuel to last until a relief ship can
Captain Bartlett re
mained on Wrangell Island until
March 18, when, with one Eskimo and
a dog team, he set out over the ice for
the Siberian coast, where he was
picked up by the Herman.
Oppo»ing Mexican Forces
Estimated by American
Hospers, la. — A cyclone swooped
down upon the farm home of James
Allen late Saturday, seriously injur
ing Mrs. Neth Hoogeterp and her
A farmhand named
Sorenson is missing.
A Chicago A Northwestern passen
ger train missed the cyclone by a few
minutes. It was stopped by wreckage
along the track.
The storm followed a day of intense
heat anti came up suddenly. It moved
in a westerly direction, cutting a
swath several hundred yards wide.
Vera Cruz Captain W. A. Bum
side, formerly military attache at Mex
ico City and now invtelligence officer
of Brigadier General Funston’s force,
submitted a memorandum on the
strength and disposition of Huerta’s
troops and summarizing the territorial
division between the federals and the
He estimates the
total number of Huerta's forces, in
cluding police, students and civil serv
ice employes, nt 60,000.
The memorandum says that the esti
mates are liberal, although the news
paper, controlled by the Huerta ad
ministration are claiming considerably
Kansas Needs 61,950 Men.
Aged Refugee in Need.
Cyclone Hits in Iowa.
Tojieka, Kan.—Kansas needs 61,950
men, 6375 extra teams and 2260 extra
cooks to harvest its wheat crop this
year, according to an estimate marie
public by W. L. O’Brien, state labor
commissioner and director of the free
employment bureau. His estimate is
baser) on the reports of correspondents
in every county in the state.
Eugene, Or.—A pitiful story is told
by P. F. Foston, a Civil war veteran,
and refugee from Mexico, 72 years
old, who arrived in Eugene Friday
with his horse and wagon, hungry and
penniless. With him is traveling his
aged wife. They have appealed for
help in Eugene that they may reach
Portland, their former home. They
fled from Torreon, Mexico, last Decem
Boise Experience» Snow.
ber. They had but little money but
Boise Idaho—Snow fell here Satur
hoped by frugality to make it last.
day, the first ever recorded by the At San Diego one horse died and he
weather bureau for June in its 50
spent nearly all his money for another.
years of operation in Boise. In addi
tion to this phenomenon), the day was
Tiro Coast Trains Taken Off.
the coldest on record for June anti
Seattle, Wash. Announcement was
the mean temperature was the same
made Friday that the Northern Pacific
aa was recorded on January 5.
railroad would discontinue overland
Stevenson Bas Relapse.
trains No. 5 and 6, the “Twin City
Chicago Adlai E. Stevenson, vice Epxress,” operated between Seattle
president of the United States under and St. Paul, leaving only two through
Cleveland, who had a nervous break trains each way between the Pacific
down following the death of his wife Coast and the Twin Cities on that
six months ago, suffered a relapse at road. Light passenger traffic is given
the Presbyterian hospital.
His con as the reason for the redcution in
dition is serious.
lluerta Paves Way
7o Hi» Resignation
Niagara Fails, Ont. - General Hu-
I erta is preparing to resign. He baa
' authorized his representatives at the
mediation conference to announce to
the world that "neither mistaken pride
I nor personal interest” would prevent
his withdrawal after Mexico is "politi
cally pacified” and the government
succeeding his is so constituted that it
can count on the support of public
opinion in Mexico.
Note Sent to Leader of ( on»titu-
The Mexican delegates, in a formal
tionalist» Not Made Public
statement, revealed that they had been
instructed from the first to inform the
mediators that General Huerta’s per
sonality would not be an obstacle to
Niagara Falls, Ont. — Mediation ward reaching a peaceful settlement.
They also declared in unequivocal
awaits on Genreal Carranza, com terms that the internal situation in
mander in chief of [the constitutional Mexico was "necessarily bound up
ist forces in Mexico.
He has in his with the international questions,” and
possession a communication from the that this spirit has actuated them in
the three South American diplomats coming to the mediation conference.
Coincident with the announcement
which opens the door tor constitution
alist representation in the conferences by the Mexican delegates of their posi
here. On his word depends whether tion, the mediators sent a note to
the entire Mexican problem will be Rafel Zubaran, representative of Gen
settled by diplomacy or whether the eral Carranza in Washington, replying
constitutionalists will continue to fight to the communication brought here
last Friday by Juna F. Urquidi. The
their way to Mexico City.
The mediators have in a dignified mediators, in effect, asked General
way smoothed the path for constitu Carranza if the constitutionalists were
The United willing to discuss internal as well as
States government wants them to ac international question, now considered
cept. A rejection of the invitation inseparable not only by the mediators,
may eventually rpean the withdrawal ' but by the American and Huerta dele
by the Washington government of the gates to declare an armistice with the
moral support it has been extending to Huerta forces so that the "political
pacification” to which the Huerta del
the constitutional cause.
The mediators are hopeful that Gen egates referred in their statement
eral Carranza will send envoys here. might be speedily brought about.
Instead of believing the negotiations
will be indefinitly prolonged by such a Rebel» Positively Will
course, they think a pacific settlement
Not Deal With Huerta
would in reality be more quickly ob
Washington, D. C. — On being in
Just what was contained in the note formed that the Mexican delegates at
from the mediators to General Car Niagara Falls had announced the will
ranza, transmitted by Rafael Zubaran ingness of General Huerta to resign
at Washington to the constitutionalist once Mexico is “politically pacified,”
chief, was not revealed here. The the constitutionalist agency authorized
mediator» said out of courtesy to Car this statement:
ranza the document would not be made
"Anything coming from Huerta’s
public here. An answer is not expect aide will not be taken into consider
ed for several days, but there is a gen ation.”
eral hope that it will be favorable.
The mediators have not literally in
El Paso, Tex.—"Any promise with
vited the constitutionalists anew, but the Huerta government would not be
the phraseology of the note is such as accepted by the cousitutionalist party,
to pave the way for their entrance to according to opinions expressed by
It is understood Mexican revolutionary agents here
here that the constitutionalists have when informed of the proposition of
hesitated to favor mediation because the A. B. C. mediators.
of a misconception of the character of statement was given, General Car
ranza's frequent utterances regarding
this subject were recalled.
The leader of the constitutionalist
Eire I mss Is $200.000.
Portland—William Sterling and Aex movement frequently has reiterated
Balogh were drowned while attempt his determination to accept no provis
ing to escape from the burning plant ional government in which the Huerta
of the Northwest Door company; that element is represented.
structure was totally destroyed; Irv
ing dock was considerably damaged, Death List in Empress
together with wheat stored in it, and
Wreck Much Increased
buildings at the corner of River street
and Albina avenue, as well as dwell
Quebec — The confusion as to the
ings on Larrabee street, were set afire number of persons who perished in the
as the result of fierce blaze, at 5:10 Empress of Ireland disaster last week
o’clock Thursday, the origin of which has been one of the distressing fea
is disputed. The loss is estimated at tures of the tragedy and the uncertainty
was furhter emphasized when figures,
Great embers from the fire, carried declared by the Canadian Pacific Rail
by a high wind, started from 40 to 60 way Steamship company to be official,
smaller blazes within a radius of a mile raised the death list to 1024 from 969
from the door plant.
on Sunday night—55 more.
Friday the company said at its
Suffragette to Camp On Steps.
Montreal office that the Empress of
1-ondon—”1 will lie on the steps of Ireland carried 1387 persons. It was
the house of commons without food or on that figure that the list of survivors
water until Asquith consents to re and missing was based. The company
has asserted that the Empress carried
ceive a deputation.”
This threat was uttered by Sylvia 1476 passengers, officers and crew, or
Pankhurst at a meeting at Limehouse, an addition of 89. As a partial offset,
and she declared she would carry it the figures giving the number of res
into effect should the suffragettes fail cued were raised by 36—four from the
in their endeavor to see the Prime ' first cabin,, three from second- cabin
and steerage and 29 officers and crew.
Other speeches at the same meeting A discrepancy of two in these figures
breathed defiance to the liberal govern was not explained by the company.
ment, which denounced as alone re The total saved from the disaster is
sponsible for militancy, and sugges i not placed at 452.
Of the 1024 who died, the bodies of
tions of wholesale incendiarism w’ere
only a few more than 200 have been
recovered and of these only 103 have
Original Plan Is Exceeded.
El Paso, Tex.—"This seems a good
Volcano Due to Geyser.
time for a mediation commission to be
appointed to mediate the difficulties of
Red Bluff, Cal. — Forest Supervisor
the mediators at the Niagara Falls Rushing has reported that the disturb
mediation conference,” Roberto Pes- ance at Mount Lassen is of geyser
queira, confidential agent of the Mex origin and is caused by the rapid melt
ican revolutionists, declared here.
ing of snow as it sildes down into the
“We are appealing,” he declared, fissures of the crater. The large body
“to the idea of fair play of the Ameri of snow and the intense heat cause an
immense amont of steam The moun
"The original idea of the mediation tain gave out little steam Wednesday,
conference was to settle the difficul and it is thought the phenomenon is
ties between the Huerta government nearing an end.
and the United States government
over the arrest of some sailors and
Bonanza, Or.—Sulphur showers ac
marines at Tampico.
With this the companied by heavy ligthning and
constitutionalist [tarty was in hearty rain, Wednesday, covered the ground
and left a yellow scum on pools. Mt
Lassen is 200 miles south of here.
AVERAGE COST OF RAISING DAIRY HEIFERS
Mexican Issue Hinges on One
Man to Join Conference.
Rain leaves Strange Coat.
Baker, Or.—A strange yellow coat
ing was left on the streets and in the
gutters Thursday morning from the
previous night's downpour.
It was a
sixteenth of an inch thick in places and
by many was thought to be sulphur
carried by the .rain.
to burn the substance at first failed,
but when a quantity was obtained and
placed on a stove it gave out a yellow
flame and no appreciable odor. This
test indicates that the substance may
be pollen, washed in large quantities
from the trees.
Cheap Autos Predicted.
Philadelphia—Within 10 years there
would be in this country more than
automobiles costing less
than $500 each, the upkeep of which
will average about $10 a month, it was
predicted by Dr. C. P. Steinmetz,
Schnectady, N. Y., in an address at
the annual convention of the National
Electric Light association.
Drawing a parallel with the bicycle,
Dr. Steinmetz said that automobiling
will soon cease to be a sport and that
automobiles will be purchased merely
for practical uses.
Jog Over Parole Is fatal.
Leavenworth, Kan.—"Davy” Truax,
82 years old, died of joy at his parole,
his friends say, at the state prison
here. "Davy” had been in prison 25
years of a life sentence for killing an
inmate of the Soldiers’ Home at
Dodge City, la. He sat in the prison
office waiting for the enr which would
take him away. When the car drew
up friends turned to tell the veteran.
He sat motionless.
The doctor said
“Davy” had died of heart disease.
FisA Jump Into Launch.
Newport, Or.—While coming down
the Alsea river in a flat-bottomed
launch in which they had gone fishing,
H. F. Jenkins, Frederick Butterfield
and Joseph Patterson, of Newport, and
their guides were astonished to see it
rain fish, they said.
passed through a school of perch in a
shallow place, and the water boiling in
the wake caused the fish to jump and
many landed in the back of the launch.
Reliable Sources of National Prospe’.ty.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
According to investigators in the
department of agriculture the average
net cost of raising a dairy heifer one
year old on a Wisconsin farm is $39.52
and of a two year heifer $61.41. These
figures are applicable to other dairy
districts In the North and East where
land and feed values are similar to
those in Wisconsin. They are based
on data obtained from raising 117
calves from birth to the time they
enter the dairy herd. The details,
with a complete summary of the In
vestigation, have recently been pub
lished by the department of agricul
ture in Bulletin No. 49, under the
title of "The Cost of Raising a Dairy
the United States over
21,000,000 dairy cows. These figures
give some idea of the importance of
this economic problem to the coun
try as a whole, for these cows must
bo replaced every few years. The
cost of the production of these heifers
is a large Item in keeping down the
profits of the dairymen.
The new bulletin contains numerous
tables and several illustrations of the
Jersey calves from which the items
of cost were obtained.
The most important item was the
cost of the food, which was estimated
at market value and amounted to
nearly two-thirds of the total net cost
of the heifer, while labor formed 1254
per cent of the cost.
Figures for the average net cost
of the one-year-old heifer are as fol
Labor ............................................. 4.45
Other costs ................................... 6.36
To this should be added the initial
value of the calf, which was estimated
to be $7.04, making a total cost at
the end of one year of $42.52. This
charge is justified in view of the fact
that dairy cows are credited with this
Item in determining the cost of milk
production. By allowing $3 credit for
manure, it leaves a net cost of $39.52
at the end of the first year.
Figures for the average net cost of
the two-y“°r-old heifer are as follows:
value ..................................$ 7.04
costs .................................... 13.73
Credit for manure....................
One-half of the feed cost the first
year and one-third for the full two
years is for whole and skim milk.
By far the most expensive period
in the life of the calf iB the first four
weeks, the cost being nearly double
that for any other four-week period.
This high cost is occasioned by its be
ing dependent almost entirely upon
The man labor required in raising a
heifer is about 40 hours during the
first year and 23 hours the second
year. The total cost of man and horse
labor for the two years Is close to $8.
The manure produced during the two
years has been valued at $8; conse
quently, the cost of labor is practical
ly offset by the value of the manure.
The item “Other costs" consists of
expenses usually overloo! 4 in esti
mating costs. These are interest,
charge for the use of buildings and
equipment, expense for bedding, mis
cellaneous expenses, a share of the
general expenses for the entire farm
business, and a charge to cover losses
by death and discarding. The total
for these forms nearly one-fifth of
the total cost of the two-year-old
The foregoing figures show that it
costs more to raise calves to maturity
than is commonly supposed, and they
support the advice which the depart
ment is continually trying to impress
upon dairy farmers, that it does not
pay to raise any but tho best heifers.
Raising scrub heifers and selling them
at $25 to $40 apiece, as many do, is
unprofitable except on cheap land or
under other very favorable conditions.
But it does pay to raise the best
heifers, for '.n good dairy sections well-
bred heifers are worth considerably
m.-re than $60 when two years of age.
Furthermore, dairy farmers as a rule
are obliged to raise their own stock
as it is difficult to buy productive
cows at a reasonable price. In some
sections of the West where alfalfa is
worth only $4 or $5 a ton, or In the
Southwest where pastures furnish feed
the greater part of the year, this cost
stay be groatly reduced. Even where
it costs $60 to raise a heifer, two-
thirds of this amount is charged for
feeds at market prices, a large part of
which can be grown on the farm at a
profit. Thus by raising the heifers
the dairy farmer finds a home market
for feeds grown on the farm at re
munerative prices, and at the same
time aids In maintaining the fertility
of the farm.
GOOD PROFITS FROM STEERS
Most Remarkable Results Secured at
Iowa Station With Five Different
Lots of Animals.
At the Iowa station, during the last
season, most remarkable results were
secured with five different lots of ex
perimental steers. The best paying
lot made a profit of $23.46 per head.
This lot received 14.6 pounds per
head daily of shelled corn, three
pounds cottonseed meal ar.d 28.6
pounds silage. Other lets were fed
in comparison, receiving varying
amounts of the same feeds, and som?
were fed clover hay in addl'icn, but
the 1st which received a ration in
which the bulky part was silage and
the concentrates consisted of shelled
corn and cottonseed meal, was the lot
that turned off the most clean money.
No station has done a3 much ex
perimental feeding with silage ration
as the Indiana station at Purdue.
Many years of continuous records are
available at this station, and in no
instance, from the standpoints of
gains and profits, does any ration com
pare with those in which silage con
stitutes an important feature. Last
year 70 head were fed in lets of ten
each. The lot receiving silage, oats
straw and cottonseed meal during the
first 60 days, and corn, cottonseed
meal, silage and clover hay during the
remainder of the period, made the
cheapest gains, but not the greatest.
Disregard’ng the pork produced inci
dentally. the lot fed on corn, cotton
seed meal and silage made a profit
of $20.96 per head.
The Illinois station has several
years of experimental data which
correspond closely to that already giv
en, and it is generally entirely favor
able to the use of silage in the beef
ration. Illinois also found that for a
maintenance ration for breeding beef
cows, silage is a most desirable and
economical feed. It cost 4.9 cents per
day per head to maintain 140 days a
lot of cows fed on silage, clover hay
and oats straw; 4 6 cents per day
to maintain a lot fed on shock corn,
clover hay and oats straw and 3.1
cents a day to maintain a lot fed on
corn stover, clover hay and oats
JAPANESE PLUM IS POPULAR
Many of These Varieties Are Earliest
on Market and Sell Readily at
(By C. M. SHULTZ.)
Plums of the Japanese variety art
popular with most growers, particu
larly in the East, because they are
hardy and come on early. Many
of these varieties are the earliest in
the market, and as they are always of
good color, either cherry-reds or light
yellows, they sell readily and bring
They will grow well on almost any
kind of decent soil, and do not need
to be particularly coddled, although
they should have all the care that any
good fruit tree deserves.
The Japanese plum differs from the
domestic varieties in that its leaves
are longer, thinner and smoother, and
it has a greater tendency to produce
lateral fruit buds on the annual
growth. Its fruit is mostly short,
round and plump.
The Japanese plum is liable to In
jury from curculio and black knot
than the domestic varieties.
Early Spring Pigs.
After being weaned, early spring
pigs may be run on alfalfa, rape,
clover or grain pastures with a sup
plemental feed of grain until some
crop Is ready to hog off. During the
summer, mature crops of barley,
wheat and peas, with alfalfa or rape
pasture, will carry them until the
main crops are harvested.
They then glean the stubble fields
and feed on standing corn in the field,
roots, pumpkins, etc., until late in the
fall. They may be sold directly from
the cornfield, or may be fed for a few"
weeks before being marketed.
Isolate Setting Hens.
It is never advisable to set hena in
the hen house where other hens are
around to disturb them.