Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Ontario Argus. (Ontario, Or.) 1???-1947 | View Entire Issue (July 15, 1915)
THE ONTARIO ARGUS. THURiDAY, JULY IB, 191IJ
THE ONTARIO ARGUS
PUBL1SUKD KVKKY THUHSDAT
Entered in the poatoflice Bt Ontario, Orngon, for traiiH
iniKnioH through the. mail an (wcond-clnna matter.
W. C. MARSH
Germany's Latest Note.
(iormony'8 latest reply to American protect
regarding her method of carrying on submarine
warfare warfare is far Irom satisfactory. The
receipt oftho document, although ollicial com
ment is withheld for the present, will undoubted
ly have the effect of making a serious situation
more critical. This is very disappointing to the
American people, especially as wojinve been led
to brieve, from the press dispatches during the
last Uireo weeks, that Germany's attitude would
be conciliatory and some means found of arriv
ing at a satisfactory settlement of the disputes
betwcon the two nations.
While the state of affairs is disappoint
ing, there is no cause for alarm. There is u very
remote possibility of our actually going to war
with (formally. This was our opinion at the he
ginning and we see no reason to change it. Only
in the event that there might follow another such
tragedy as the sinking of the Lusitunia is it pos
sible that the sentiment of the American people
would be in favor of war, even though St must
adioit that our pride has received a jolt because
the Kaiser paid so little attention to a demand
which seemed to require a prompt ami delinite
While the whole nation applauded President
Wilson'.s, stand as embodied in the lirst note fob
lovviug'ihe sinking of the Imsitania, it is best to
await the outcome of the entire nt'i'uir before pas
sing ti mil judgement on the wisdom of the man
ner in which this government hni dealt with the
subject. It has been in ipientlv pointed out by
thinking men that (iei uianv could not possibly
beexiiectsd to relinquish entirely her submarine
campaign against British shipping. Her plea that1
if this is a violation of the principles of interna
tional law it became ncce-mirv because (ireat
Britain IffA violated that law bj stopping food
supplies tO the civilian pOjHllaiiou of (iermany
may be a poor excuse, but when we consider thai
this is a great struggle n the death between great
nation P, the very natiouul existence of some of
tlie nations iiej ending upon the outcome, we can
ue a little more charitable in viewing (iermany's
That the international law required that a
belligerent nation "visit and search" a ship lly
ing the enemy Hag before sinking her, was never
disputed by any country until this war, when the
new use of submarines began. That (iermany
could not follow these rules in making "captures"
with submarines, was known to the administra
tion when the lirst note was penned. Therefore
if our demands we acceded to, so that American
citizens could travel without fear of danger on
ships living tho flag of a belligerent nation, Ger
many must give up entirely the submarine block
ade against Knglish shipping. (formany would
never do this, at least as long as England main
tains her food supply blockade against the Ger
man civilian population. To demand something
that would not be granted, as President Wilson
did, stirred the patriotism of the American people
because of the realization of the gravity of our
situation, but the outcome of all the disputes will
tlnow light on the question of tho wisdom of
making the demand in the manner in which it
The proposition of iermany that she will
not harm ships carrying tho American Hag,
and if these cannat carry all the trllic ships Hy
ing other Hugs may be put into service, Germany
agreeing not to harm them if properly designat
ed, is something tho American nation cunnot ac
cept without humilitation, and will not accept.
As a sensible means of solving the dilliculties the
proposition no doubt appeals to the ,formans.
Hut high seas are international highways and
we should not be compelled to tarvel them on
conditions impossed by one of tho warring na
tions. What we will do about it is something the
adiniiiistrrtion must decide. We will not go to
war. Probably negotiations will be continued.
If so we hope that despite tho refusal to abandon
submarine warfare there may bo such a solution
as will lesson, rather than widen the breach be
tween America ami (iermany.
Viewed from the standpoint that a definite
compliance with our demand that a lirititdi ship
should not be sunk if it carried American passen
gers, the Gorman note is not satisfactory, and we
can never expect to receive one. If we are will
ing to agree that an American pussengor has no
business in the "war zone" declared by Germuiiy
unless he sails under the sturs and stripes, then
there is the best chance in the world for u satis
factory and fuiendly settlement. To agree to tin
latter course would give safety to Americans who
wished to go to the British Isles; but it would
hurt our national pride
CITY PEOPLE AND FARMING.
In Um In Qtrminy, Wh.io It U Beyond
tha Experimental Stags.
By KHANK KOMTWt
Author of "Kltu.-trli.-lty For tha Furm and '
l'lowlug Is the father of Industrie,
the Indlspeiisuhlo primary operu'lon
Upon which clvllUutluu him ili-tendcl
fr.un l ho earliest ages, niul the plow Is
thus the most useful anil iieceasur) in.
pleuient Which him ever l-e'li designed
by niuukluit for Us own advnm eineut. i
Without the plow agriculture U luipos
all.!,-, ud without agrleiiltmc no In- i
dually ciiii sslSt Yet In pltc of all
the pi ogress which his SSBB made In
me hanteul arU uud in the silence:
the plow of today remains ihe same In
principle a the plow of dllMM of eeii
tuiies ago. The furrow U still tuinctl
In the old way, and modern science
bue. 'hied nothing- lu principle t the
pi, iv. except different means of druw
Uig it acnss Ihe Held.
aimers in Germauy, here lurlu
til, past llfteell your the steuui pl"
has bOM used to a great extent. hu e
made increasing use of the electrically
operated plow, which Is now far be
(at Ml fsnw -
MUTOU AihJ OP A SDK1IJS atUTOM FLOW
fasjfl the exerliueutal stage and Is lu
many NOpoMi uiirlor to that drawn
b Meaiu or gasoline tractors, savlm;
both time aud money.
Ihe electric plow, plowing four fu;
rows ut a tune, la drawn rapidly back
ami forth across tko field by cables
operated h, Ihe motor. An nveraKc
eiiulpuieiit of this kind will plow an
a,ic in thirty minutes at a cost of 'Jo
cent for Ihe Mvcr consumed. A
plow loan following the single furrow
Ix-hlud his horses will be eight or ten
limes as loug lllilshlug the same Held,
with day after da of physical exhaus
tlou for himself and his team. Vet up
lo tin. present lime n electric plow has
turned a furrow In the United Slates.
lu the far west gasoline driven
plows, often turulug twenty furrows
at once, are in use, hut they are enpu
hle of being utilUtsl only oxer Im
mense tracts of laud, while tho electric
plow Is equally suited to iaigo and
l.K ell c plowing has been carried
In tJermauy for llftecn years, uud ureal
strides have bcou mudc, particularly lu
I lie last live ) ears, Of the several Hs
leius elllio.ed tile one ami two motor
s.tkteuis are most extensively usetl. lu
both these systems the plow is pulled
across the Held by a cable wound ou a
lu the single motor s stein on one
side of Ihe Held the motor Is mounted
on a self propelled SagOU, whicb au
matlcull) travel., forward parallel with
the motor wagon with each Hff fur
row. The two motor system has two
motors, on, on each of two self pro
pelled wugous, one of these replacing
the anchor wagon The one motor sys
tem Is lower in llrsl coat, but the other
can he more readily adapted to the
cultivation of any form of Held
Klectrlc plowing has Meat advan
tages over that by gasoline or steam
engines. With a steam plow, for in
stance, a great amount of coal and wa
ter must he taken to the Held by teams
uud drivers which must he paid for.
Electric plowing CM he carried ou lu
nuctlcally every kind of weather, even
in the winter, when steam operated
plows would freeze, and the electric
plow can he used lu soft or loamy soil
where horses cannot work and on hilly
As fur as the cost of electric plowlug
la concerned, experience shows that it
ciui he done cheper per acre than by
horses or steam. The held of electric
plowing of today Is found principally
in Germany. It is an established fact
that American agricultural machinery
lu Its wide pru tical application is In
most respects far superior to that of
uuy foreign make, and should the do
mestic manufacturers devote tln-m
selves with the same skill to contriving
uppuratus for electric plowing It will
be only u short time until our farmers
rscogulse the advantages of the sys
tem. Electric plowing Is not confined
to farms of large a it may be
carried ou to good advantage on farms
of small slse.
TAKEN BY ALLIES
British Make Gains at Ypres
After Artillery Duel Last
ing Two Days.
London. Further Hritlah gains
north of Ypres, where the Hritlah ou
July ti captured -U0 yards of German
tr in lies, are reported In a communl
cation from I .eld Marshal Sir John
French, coiuuiauder-lu chief of the
liritish expeditionary force In the
western war theater.
(icii.-ral French saya that after a
bombarding duel lasting two daya and
nights, the Germans tell back, enahl
lug the liritish to exteud their gains
All reports, saya the field marshal
indicate that tho German losses were
The French official report declares
that ft advance of 700 yarda on a
front of tiOU yards has been made In
the Voages, where the French took
prisoner 19 officers, including one bat
talioii commander, two doctura ami
707 men, all unbounded and belonging
to seven different battalions The cap
tur. of a cannon, two machine guns,
several bomb-throwers and much am
munition also is reported.
The Berlin official report admit
failure to clear the French from the
I trench section lost b the Germans
near Souchex, but reports the capture
by atorm of several Hues of French
trenches extending over a width of 350
yards in the foreat of l.e I'retre, to
gether with 250 prisoners and four
A report from Berlin also says that
the remnants of the British army
stares at Arras have been destroyed
by the German bombardment and by
fire" and that aa a consequence the
British artillery haa heeu compelled
to change position.
Backer's Plea Deniad.
Rangley. Maine. Justice Hughes of
i h lulled Slates supreme court de
nied the application of former Police
Lieutenant Becker of New York for re
view of his case.
This means that Becker must dla In
the electric chair for tha murder of
Gambler Herman MoaaaUist.
Tlie fntnl mistake of many city
people taking to farm life is a
rush of enthualnsm before prop
erly planning the future life.
They give up good Jobs, sennt
of means, nnd perhaps they orcr
Invost. depending upon their new
efforts and resources to meet ex
penses thnt should have been
previously provided for.
There art ninny thousands of
city wage earnera who could
vastly better their conditions by
having their fnmlllea on smnll
farms of ten, fifteen or twenty
ncres properly prepared Tor pro
duction by soil Improvement be
fore actual settlement Farm
SAVE THE WATER.
Keep tha Soil Supplied With Humus
and Mulch tha Surface.
By saving the water from tho early
ruins crops will not suffer na much
Inter In the summer If drought occur.
Usually more water Is lost from the
soil by eva pi Tat ion that la, drying out
from the surfnee. than cropa uae.
There me two chief wnya Of helping
to prevent this -namely, by keeping
(he soli well supplied with organic
matter, or humus, nnd by maintaining
a soil mulch over the surface Ttils
soil mulch or layer of looae dry toll
forms a blanket, preventing the soil
water from reaching the surface where
evaporation Is ao rapid In hot or windy
l'.vcry gardener should atari water
saving at onco. If the nowly plowed
land is disked thoroughly the aatne
day It is turned over there Is less
chanco of the furrow s drying out badly
is-fore tho land ia planted. Newly
spaded land should be raked over the
same day the aoll la turned.
After planting the uae of a weeder
breaks up the aurface and kills many
weed.. The cultivator ought to be
started na soon na tho rowa can be Been
and used often enough to keep the aur
fnre line, loose and dry.
Kvery ruin or shower packa tha aur
face aoll, and unless broken up evap
oration Is very rapid from this com
pact, moist aurface. Aa aoon aa the
field can he worked after a rain the
cultivator ahould be uaed to ro-eatab-llah
the soil mulch. This freqaaut cul
tivation not only saves water for plant
uae, but also la an aid to plant growth
and a beuotlt to tho aoll.
Nevor bo satisfied with cultivating
enough to kill the weeds. Cultivate
often enough to maintain throughout
the season a looae, dry layer of aoll at
ihe aurface. Start a aoll mulch now
and maintain It all summer. It pays,
for It means more water for the cropa
Protected Hay Entrance.
For convenience In drawing bay Into
the bam the porch abown herewith
will he found very satisfactory. The
boom from which the hayfork tackle
la auapeuded extends all the way out
to the gable end of the porch. Con
venient dimensions for this porch are
ten feet each way. Thla will enable
the very largest forkful of hay to be
taken in without choking the entrance.
Aa abown, the porch ahould be
closed with a door hung from hinge
above, held In place when closed by
ros-s attached tu the lower corner
uud fastened ou the Inside of the barn
when the door la shut. The chief ad
vantages of this plan are that the bay
tackle Is always under cover, ao there
la no warping of the wooden support.
rustlug of the metal nor rotting of the
roie. The roof ubove the porch need
id extend more than four or five feet
beyond tho main roof of the baru.
The large dimension la the better.
Grange Judd Farmer.
Selection of Good Seed Corn.
Demonstration work with corn con
ducted at the .Ncvy Jersey station haa
t-leurly shown the value of securing
good aeed. Inning the (Mist two yeara
the aeed haa been the cause of differ
ence lu v lt-ld of live to twenty bushels
in acre uud even more in several teat.
The lirst point to coualder In select
ing aeed corn Is maturity. Aa corn
must be acclimated lo a region before
the best results can be obtained, it la
not wise to use seed from another lo
cality, even that grown lu another aee
lion of the atate. It la better to secure
seed from a neighbor producing the
'est corn In the community.
It la dliti, ult lu New Jersey to pro
luce good aeed com because each
farmer produces a different variety or
a different atruiu of the same variety
Vnother Important factor lu selection
Is a pure strain. This may eaally he
1, Icrinhied by the color of i-uli ear
rod tlie color of individual gralua in
neb ear. Other induta to be cousld
red are slice aud shate of the ear
tlralghtuess of rows, length of kernel,
variety of kernel as ahMWU by the grm
tnd color of cob.
A BILL lit THE BOX
Story of a Legislative Prank In
the New York Assembly.
rhe Argus, $ 1 . 00 the year.
DILEMMA OF A TIMID MEMBER.
Though His Nam Was Signed to tha
Msasur H Was Not Ita Author and
Whan Ordered to Withdraw It What
Little Courage Ha Had Failed Him.
There was a fake bill Introduced in
the assembly of New York atnte dur
ing the aesalon of lUO'J that really be
came a famous piece of legislation be
fore It arrived at ita formal tints, al
though it has never until (he present
time been chronicled In print.
The act was placed In the assembly
bill box by two Jokcra of the assembly.
It was drawn up In the regular form,
beginning with the necessary verbiage,
"The people of the state of New York
In senate aud assembly represented,"
etc. i be provlalona of the first two or
three sections were alao very pluuslble,
aud, tu fact, the euUro measure waa
put together In auch a way that only a
technician In legislative matter could
have discerned the Joke.
The assembly bill box la a receptacle
placed for the measure of tho legisla
tors who may wlah to have them In
troduced at the next regular dally ses
sion Niihse,iient to their deposit The
box la only used "between time," tor
when the assembly I lu aeaalon :!
bill may be handed up to the cerk for
reading. Bills are Introduced In dupli
cate and inuat bear, of course, tho In
The jokers dropped the fake bill Into
the box on a Thursday night They
attached a member's name whose d,
trlct waa In the crowded east aid Sec-
don of New York. II waa what waa
known aa a machine man and bad lit
tle Initiative or Individuality. lie
never watted over for Friday morning
sessions, as they lasted but a few mln
ate, snd It was eaaler to take the
train to New York Thursday night, re-
turning sfter recess tlie following
The fake blU with tho east aide
metnber'a name waa duly taken out
of the box Friday mot ulng aud its
title read. It waa referred to lu prop
er committee ami ordered prlntedL Ita
purpose wss made vsry plain. At
svery crossroad throughout tho state
of New York there must be placed at
once by the atatc engineer and aur
veyor a signpost with a algn of ex
actly described dimensions', and letter
ing measured to a dot directing trav
elers to the ueareat place for enter
tainment of man and beast The
angle of the crossroads were specified
to tbetr exact degree with respect to
the proper placing of the Mlgn.
No sooner wss the title of the bill
rend than the afternoon newspaper
represeiitutlves at Albany pricked up
their euro. They were ou the alert
alwaye for New York city legtalattou.
but here waa a bill making It manda
tory to erect sigii,-i.s throughout tho
atate, and essentially of rural benefit
Yet a member from a congested New
York district bad Introduced It Some
thing strange. They searched around
for the alleged lutrodueer. lie N in
New York. They took no chances,
however, and telegraphed u column to
their papers telling of the attempt to
signpost tlie atnte by an east side leg
islator. The morning pupers took It up. He
porters huuted up the ussemblymsn st
his horns, lie roared out his denial.
But UObody believed him. He got a
hurry telephone call from hi district
lender, to whom he a wore he hud In
troduced no auch bill, lie waa ordered
(o ask for the privilege of the floor at
Mouday ulght'a session uud compel the
withdrawal of the bill. He had atage
fright over the Idea. He was almost
too bashful to mlse his voice when vot
ing at roil calk Met while tlie news
of the bill sprtioi. a I from all quar
tera of the city the I klesa assembly
men received telepbo a meaaage aak
Ing to be "let in on tl elgnpoat graft"
The following Moi ty night the al
leged Introducer arrived lu Albany al
most In s atate of collapse. All during
the ensuing week be waa ordered to
demand the withdrawal of the bill, but
would not rise lu his seat and ask It
Finally n mcinticr In the secret told the
facts to Speaker Mxou. The apeaker
called the assemblyman to his desk
and questioned htm. He waa satisfied
that Ihe legislator was altogether h
timid to Introduce auch a radical bill
and exonerated him
But the bill had been printed. When
It waa supposed that It had leen killed
In committee the first thing known waa
a request for u bearing on it by some
good roads workers, who saw In It a
blessing aud who sent the alleged In
troducer a congratulatory letter for Ida
public spirited in it The bill of course
died In committee, but Its memory
clung to the east aide Icglxlutor for
many years.-New York Sun
"8ome differences are v i r.v puxzllng."
"Like what for tiistiimcV"
"If yon v rib menu and bud tlduus
about a man III 11 Isauka II Is biography.
H you tell the -..iiue things about him
on the back hjicIi It's gosalp." Baltl
"Safety first" was the motto and practice el
this hank long hefore those words hecame tho
slogan of tho largo transportation companies.
Service to the public is not a theory, hut a
daily practice with us.
Put your money where safety is the first
consideration and avail yourself of our service.
Safety DtpOftit lloxi's Savings Accounts
Potatoes fluctuate in price
with the market; but, no mat
ter what the market, our
price is the lowest.
Shrewd buying and a big
trade the answer.
Your patronage on trial.' is
Put us to the proof.
Daughter What does ok) fashioned
mean? Mother--Anything that I think
Is right and you don't, dear. Philadsl
Puntabment la a cripple, bnt he r
The Argus, 1.00 the year.
10. OOPS, Um only I'nictical Tailor in Ontario, is the
only I'ruetioal IMaoo to buy u suit minle to your order
Suitsmade to order from
$15.00 to $50.00
The only Ktdiahle and 1'iompt ('leaning and Pressing
in tint 'ity.
E. COPE Moore Hotel Blk.
Wizard of the
Salt Lake City
Kvery body Will be There
It will be held during Home
coming Week and will in
eltldi I'ioneer Day (Vlebra
tion and (Jrand Carnival.
Thcro will be
GorgtOQI Electrical I'aratles
Civic, industrial and
Special Pioneer Days
Daily Street Carnival.
THE OREGON SHORT
Will have excursion rates in
effect from Utah points July
21 - M inclusive, from Idaho
Wyoming and Oregon points
July 20 and 21st.
See any O. S. L. Agent for
The Argus $1.00