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About The Ontario Argus. (Ontario, Or.) 1???-1947 | View Entire Issue (June 24, 1915)
AROUf, fHURID , JUNIB4, lll
THE ONTARIO ARGUS
PVOlAHUKl) KVKKV THUK8DAY
K.Uered in the Mi)oflloe lit Ontario, Oregon, for trans
luiMflim tlinnmh the naiN a second -Hats iiiiittr.
W. C. MARSH
Th Fate Of The U 29
The dispute as to how the U 29 was sunk
is destined never to be settled satisfactorily
to the neutral searcher after the truth. An
official announcement is made by the Briitsh
Admiralty that the famous under water
craft met her fate at the hands of "one of
his Majesty's ships." This indefinite state
ment is Intended to convey the information
that some sort of Hritish warship destroyed
the submarine, as it would require a long"
strech of the imagination to call a merchant
vessel flying the Hritish flag, or owned by
Hritish capitol and engaged in British shipp
ing one of "his Majesty's ships."
As an offset to this positive announcement
we have an equally emphatic statement from
the German government that the U-29
was rammed by a Hritish tank steamer, fly
ing the Swedish flag.
There you are. Take your choice. An
"official" announcement from the govern
ment of a great nation is supposed to estab
lish some statement as an incontrovertible
fact. Hut in this ease someone is mistaken,
or he is prevaricating.
The British statement is handicapped by
suspicition of being rather late The IJ--29
was destroyed many weeka ago. But there
have doubtless been many happenings of
importance kept secret by the British Ad
miralty office, and the fact that the "news"
is stale does not necessarily mean that it is
untrue. The German announcement, too, is
late though one would ordinarily expect
that the victors would give out the news,
rather than the vanquished, if either were
to withhold the facts or delay announcing
them. It might be claimed that (lermany
was making the annoiinement to this man
ner in order to effect the negotiations now
pending with America over the Lusitania.
Hut the official declaration is simly the
confirmation of a report that has been cur
rent in Berlin ever since the U--29 did not
report at its base months ago, and it could
hardly be said that the Germans both pat
ched up the statement and started the false
rumor before the American protest was
The conflict of accounts of the destruct
ion of the U 29 is very likely to play a part
in reply that Germany will make to Presi
dent Wilson's second note of protest, and
with any negotiations that may be contin
ued after the Berlin foreign office has been
transmitted its reply. The Germans will
lay great stress upon their claim that a mer
chant ship can sink a submarine, and if the
orders issued to British captains offering
prizes for destroying the under sea boats
stands, but it will be contended that the
German commander should have the right
to defend himself by sinking his antagonist
to save his own vessel, and the lives of his
own crew. The answer will be that the sub
marines have no business interfering with
vessels, and wouldn't be in danger of being
rammed it they stayed away. I nen we
would have the question of right to declare
,nl.i i.. 1 1 1 . u I - . I I . . -i.iil I It.. ii in lii-i. I It..
.1 MH 'ill. u mi' i Uiiur, .tun ini-ii hi mm n nit?
question of Great Britian's blockade of Ger
man ports, and then go back and question
the right of Germany to treat Belgium as
she did, for which treatment England start
ed her blockade in retaliationand so on
and so on. Finally you get back to the prim
ary question, Why this war? And no one
can satisfactorily answer that. . And there
BANKERS URGED TO
SOUL MATERIAL HAS ENTERED
THE BANK VALLTS OF
Bank a Financial Power
ta the Community.
By Patar Radfcrd.
The automobile industry in the United
SUites is the third largest, being only sur
passed by the steel business and the cloth
ing trade. Even the steel industry would
not be so comparatively large if automobile
making did not so materially swell its out
put The only wonder about this is that
we should spend so much on clothing. It's
lots more fun to go auto riding than to
This company has suffered so much
injury to its lines through the mov
ing of hay derricks and interfer
ences of other kinds, that it now
proposes to prosecute vigorously,
malicious instances of this kind,
and will pay a liberal reward for
information which will lead to con
viction. Malheur Home Telephone
One of the greatest opportunities fti
the bualneat life' of the nation lien
In practical co-operation of the coun
try banka with the farmer In building
agriculture and the adventure la laden
with greater possibilities than any
forward movement now before the
A few bankera have loaned money
to fartiiem at a low rate of Interest,
and ofttlmea without compensation, to
buy blooded llveatork, build alios,
fertilise the land, secure better seed,
hold their products for a betetr mar
ket price, etc. The hanker In con
tributing toward Improving tin- grade
of livestock, the quality of the seed
and the fertility of the. soil, plants In
the agricultural life of the community
a fountain of profit, that, like Tenny
son's brook, runs on ami on forever.
Community Progreee a Bank Aaset.
The time was when money loaned
on such a basis would severely test
the aaulty of the banker; such trans
actions would pain the dlrectora like
a blow In the face. A cashier who
would dare to cast bread upon watera
that dlil not return buttered side up
In time for annual dlvidenda would
have to give way to a more capable
man. This does not necessarily mean
that the bankera are getting an better
or that the milk of human klndnesss Is
being Imbibed more freely by our llnati
clera. It Indicates thut the bankers are
getting wiser, becoming morn able tin
anclera and the banking industry more
competent. The vlalon of the builder Is
crowding out the spirit of the pawn
broker A light has been turned on
a new world of Investment and no
usurer ever received as large returna
on the internment aa these progres
sive banktrs, who mude loaua to
uplift Industry. The. bankers have
alwaya been liberal city builders, but
they are now building agriculture.
A Dollar With a Soul.
It la refreahlng In thla strenuous
commercial life to find so many dol
lars with souls. When a dollar Is ap
proached to perform a task that does
not directly yield tha highest rate of
Interest, we usually hear the rustle
of the eagle'a wlnga aa it soars up
ward; when a dollar Is requested to
return at the option of the borrower,
It usually appeals to the Goddess of
Liberty for Ita cuntractural rights,
when a dollar Is asked to expand in
volume to suit the requirements of
Industry, It usually talka solemnly of
Ita redeemer, but soul material has
entered Into the vaulta of our banks
snd rate, time and volume have a
new baala of reckoning In ao far as
the ability of some of the bankera
permit them to cooperate In promot
ing the business ot farming.
God Almighty's Noblemen.
These bankera are Ood Almighty's
noblemen. Heaven lent earth the
spirit of these men and the augels
will help them mil In place the
corneratouea of empires. They are
not philanthropist.-., they are wltc
bankers. The spirit of the builder
has given them a uew vision, and
wisdom has visited upon them busi
i he cackle of the hen, the low
or klne and the rustle of growing
crops echo In even bank vault In the
tiatlon and the shrewd hanker know a
that he can mote effective!) increase
hia deposits by pulling blue blood In
the wins of livestock, quality In
the yield of the noil aud value Into
agricultural products, than by busl
ueaa handshakes, overdiults aud
Taking the community into part
nershlp with the bank, opeulug up a
ledger account wii i nfogrcss, making
tin ill aud eulerpiUe stockholders and
(He prosperity of the country an
asset to the bank, put behind It
stability far more deniable than a
.it. i head bearlug the names of all
the distinguished . itUens of the com
iiiumty The bank ta (be financial
power house of the t-oiiiiuuniiv aud
blessed Is the locality that has an
,ip to dale bauker.
POLITICAL PRAYER MEETINGS
It la a aad day tor I'hrlatiunity when
tUe church bells cull the communicants
together for a political prayer meet
lug. Such gatlieiuigs mark the high
tide ot religious political fanaticism.
I ut bitterness into the Uvea of meii;
tail the ttatues of class hatred and de
.-ir. v Chrtattau influence m the com
inuulty. The spirit actuating such
meeting la anarchistic, uu t'hriatlike
aud dangerous lo both church and
The success of ihe nation ta in the
uauds of the termer
Work for the beet aud the Deal will
rtse up aud reward you.
Tenant farming la just one thing
after another without a pa day
CONGRESS SHOULD QIVB THEM
PREFERENCE IN APPROPRIATIONS.
By Peter Radford.
This nation la now entering upon
an era of marine development. The
wreckage of European commerce baa
drifted to our shores and the world
war Is making unprecedented de
mands for thn products of farm and
factory. In transportation facllltlea
on land we lead the world but our port
facilities are Inadequate, and our flag
Is seldom seen In foreign ports. If
our government would only divert the
energy wo have displayed In conquer
ing the railroads to mastering tun
commerce of the sea, a foreign bot
tom would be unknown on the ocean's
This article will be confined to a
discussion of our ports for the pro
ducts of the farm muat pass over our
wharfs before reaching the water. We
have In thla nation 61 posts, of which
41 are on the Atlantic and 10 are on
the Pacific Coast. The Sixty-second
Congress appropriated over $51,000,
00(1 for Improving our Rivers and
Harbors and private enterprise levies
a toll of approximately $50,000,000
annually In wharfage and chargea for
which no tangible service Is rendered.
The latter Item ahould be lifted off
the backa of the farmer ot thla na
tion and thla can be done by Congress
directing Ita appropriations to ports
that are free where vessels can tie up
to a wharf and discharge her cargo
free) of any fee or charge.
A free port la progress. It takes
out the unnecessary link In the chain
of transactions In commerce which
haa for centuries laid a heavy hand
upon commerce. No movement la ao
heavily laden with results or will
more widely and equally distribute
Its benefits as that of a free port
aud none can be more easily and ef
WHAT TO RAiafe.
Formers should raise the thing
to wlili h their l.irtr I, their mar
kets mill tlii'inselvex ure mlnpt
el. They would better study
bow to raise the most nnd best
of these tilling than to scntter
their energies over I great va
riety of prod in ts merely to keep
from Im.vlng them. The men
win. follow the rlu'ht policy usu
ally hnve 8MB enough to get
whnt they need from other farm
ers who enn prodll'-o It che.ipest.
There wns n time when fnrmers
were compelled to grow or imike
bOUt ever thing they needed,
hut thnt tiny lins long gone by.
It Is good business to raise
things -but the right tilings.
The sentterntlon plnn Involves
neglect of some f these things
without n ron-esK)iiillng gain In
niislng others. National Stock
inn n nnd I'nrmer.
THE VITAL PROBLEM OF
By Peter Radford.
There la no escaping the market
problem and the highest development
of agriculture will not bo attained
until It Is solved, for a market
la aa necessary for the producer
aa laud on which to grow bis crop.
(ioieriimental and educational Insti
tutions have spent $180,000,000 In the
lulled Statea during the past ten
yeara for Improving soil production
and Improving aeeda and planta, but
very little attention and less money
has been given to the marketing aid
The problem Is a monumental one
and one which will never be aolved
until It geta within the graap of a
gigantic organization where master
gtlnds cm conceutrato the combined
experience and wisdom or the age
upon it. It la a problem which the
farmers, merchants, bankers, editors
and statesmen must unite In solving.
The Farmers' Fnlon stands fAY all
there Is In farming from the most
scientific methods of seed selection to
the most systematic aud profitable
plans of marketing, but does not be
lieve in promoting one to the neglect
of the other We consider ihe work
of farm demonstrators valuable and
we, ask that governmental and com
mercial ageucies seeking to help us,
continue to give us their assistance
and ad lce, but we believe that their
influence should be extended to the
marketing side of our farm problems
We cannot nope to develop manu
facturing by over-production of the
factor), we cannot build up mercan
tile enterprises by the merchants load
ing their Miches with surplus goods
and no more can we develop agricul
ture by glutting the market with a
aurplus of products.
ALFALFA AS HOG FOOD.
Comparative Returns When Sold as
Hsy and Winn Oraxsd by Hogs.
Tlie Arlxonn exerimeut station fig
ures the comparative return when al
falfa la aolil its liny nnd when grazed
by hog. These figure represent lo
cal piii i-i In Arizona:
The net iinuiuil returns H-r acre of
nlfnlfii, yielding six tons, when sold
as hay were not over $10. The net re
turns for n similar ncre of nlfnlfn when
grazed off by twelve hogs were $47.23.
i In--..- hog were fed n supplemental
ration of grain, but the vslue of this
wn determined and deducted.
The fertilizing Ingredient In n ton
of barnyard manure are worth Jf-Tni,
calculated according to prleo of com
mere In I fertilizers On this basis the
value of tin- bog manure as dropicd
over Ihe Held must be at least $.'1 per
ton. Figuring Unit H per cent of the
six tons of alfalfa was returned as inn
nine to the soil, there were then live
tons of manure, worth $:i ier ton. or
Hlb ibis added to IIT'J.'I would be
$12. '-'.' I. representing the net gain pr
acre of alfalfa when grazed off by
twelve bogs, us ngiilnst $10. which Is
the net gain per m re when tile alfalfa
Is cured and sold a hilled buy.
In till ease the net price for alfalfa
hay was only $8 per ton, and. of
course, the hogs paid more than that
for It. There might easily l-e another
situation where the reverse of tills
would be true. There are situations
in Hie eastern states where alfalfa liny
will Ian..; $18 or more er ton, while
small droves of hogs would not pay.
In such cases It might pay better to
sell the buy and use chemicals to keep
up the fertility
The Apple Tree Barer.
Among fbe pests with which the or
chard planter has lo contend perhaps
the tint bended npple free borer Is the
worst, snys the Farm nnd I'lresh e.
The female deposits the SBJBI lit the
lie'.'ltinlnir of hot weather on the hnrl;
of young fruit trees near the ground.
Most of the damage Is done during the
summer months. The Inter broods re
nminbi the frees nil winter and einrru'e
the following spring. The borer com
pletes Its life round In one v -ir The
BflBI are nhoilt as l.irge as the bend of
n pin and nre covered by a hard shell.
When first hatched the Inrvn enn hard
ly be seen with the linked eye.
Rut In spile of Its smnll size It begins
nt once to Inlure the tree Iturrowlni;
Into the bnrl;. It tunnels Its way en
Mrcly around the sup wood nf the tree,
thus girdling nnd tlnnlly killing It.
Sound Teelh Make a Sound lindy
Dr. W. G. Howe
First Class Kquipment
First Class Work
Reasonable I 'rices
Over First National Hank
Via Oregon Short Line
March 1, to Nov. 30
You can go via Ogden, Sail
Like and Los AicvL's and
return via San FrendfCO,
Portland and Huntington or
vice versa at a comparatively
low expense and cover
Most Interesting Scenic
points of the Pacific Coast,
including both Expositions.
MAKE THIS YOUR BIG
VACATION YEAR AND
SEE THE WEST RIGHT.
Ask ugents for rules ami further
p;ii 1 1. ul. ii or write,
(Ien. Puss. Agt., Salt Luke City.
K. COTK, tho only Practical Tailor in Ontario, is tin
only Practical Plact to buy I suit, mnl- to your orlr
Suits made to order from
$15.00 to $50.00
The only Helinlilf ami Prompt Gleaning and PrMatng
in tint ( itv.
Moore Hotel Blk.
RAIN WATER JONES
Up town Agency at Everl. unit's.
t'Yee delivery to all parts of the city.
Auto delivery to Fruitland, NewPlymouth, Nyssa,
Parma and Interborough Points.
Return postage paid on bundles over 50c to any
part of the United States extra charge to Canada.
l tie neigh of a horse made Darius
King of l'ersia the alx contending
powers for the throne agreeing among
themselves that the one whose horse
should uelgli first should possess the
kingdom This aucient method of
settling dUpulea among politicians
could be revived with profit today.
If our partisan factions and pett pol
iticians could sail settle their dis
putes by the neigh of a horse, the
bark of a dog or the bray of a donkey,
It would be a great blessing and would
give our citizens a belter opportunity
to pursue the vocations of Industry
fjM from political strife.
Let tluue who pick political plums
by raising rows and who flash swords
dripping in the blood of Industry un
derstand that they cannot turn the
public forum Into a political arena and
by a clash of peraonal aspirations
still the hammer and stop the plow
and that their quarrels must be aeiUs4
Union Pacific System
Very low rates to
Kansas City, St. Louis,
and many other points from local
points on the Oregon Short Line.
SALE DATES, May 15, 10, 2 .
26, 29: June 2. 5. 9. 12. lt hi ".:
26, 30; July 7, 14, 21, 28; August
4, 11, 18, 25; Sept. 1, 8, 15.
Stop-Overs Diverse Routes
Consult any 0. S. L. Agent for
rates and further details.
Remember the Un
ion Pacific System
is the Direct Route
to all points east.
iii the hack ailuje of olvUlaaUoa,