Oregon mirror. (Portland, Oregon) 19??-19??, June 27, 1962, Page Page 2, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    Ml¡¡
THE OREGON MIRROR
Fog* 2
Jk*.
OREGON MIRROR
Established in March 1959 - Negro Weekly
Circulated by Mail - Newsboys - Businesses
Pubiished Every Wednesday
4617 N. Williams Ave.
AT 4-4551
PUBLISHER - J. Marcus Wellington. Ill
Complete 1st
Year O f
Desegregation
Without
Violence
EDITORIAL
THE NEW SPAPER TH A T IS AIDING HIM DAY IN AND DAY
OUT FOR HIS FIGHT FOR FREEDOM, CAN ALSO AID HIM IN
THE FIGHT FOR MORE BUSINESS AND TOR ECONOMIC INDE­
PENDENCE.
THE
SPARK TH A T SETS FIRE TO THE SALES O F YOUR
GOODS
OR
PRODUCTS IS ADVERTISING, AND ANYONE WHO
DOES
NOT
BELIEVE IN ADVERTISING FOR THE ADVAN CE-
M E N ! O F HIS BUSINESS IS DIGGING A GRAVE TO BURY HIS
BUSINESS. THE AVERAGE NEGRO BUSINESS MAN IS NOT MAK­
ING THE MONEY HE SHOULD BE MAKING, BECAUSE HE DOES
NOT KEEP IN ST E P WITH THE MODERN IMPROVEMENTS THAT
MAKE
FOR
G R E A TE R
SALES
IN HIS BUSINESS. LET HIM
LOOK 111 ROUGH THE DAILY PAPERS O F OTHER RACES AND
THEIR MAGAZINES AND HE WILL REALIZE THE POWER OF
ADVERTISING.
THE NEGRO MUST LEARN ONE THING: TH AT
ALL
THESE BIG CONCERNS HE SEES AROUND HIM TODAY,
WERE: ONCE SM A LL BEFORE THEY WERE BIG.
THERE
IS
ONE
ESSENTIAL FOR THE SUCCESS O F ANY
BIKINESS, AND TH AT IS KNOW HOE, AND YOU MUST MAKE
T H A T KNOW HOW WORK EVERY HOUR AND EVERY DAY IN
DEALING WITH THE PUBLIC.
$100,000 Swim Pool
To Replace Gravel Pit
Where Boy Drowned
P O R T SM O U T H . O.
The drow ning o f « 14-yeat-oid boy
last sum m er in a sand and gravel
pit m ay result in the building o f a
100.000 Ewimming pool this year,
aevording to the Rev. M elvin B ate­
man. pastor o f the Findley Street
M ethodist church.
R ev. Batem an, w ho conducted
funeral services fo r Eugene M c­
K in ley last sum m er, has been the
m ovin g spirit In the organizing o f
the C om m u n ity R ecreation al so­
cie ty .
T h is so cie ty w hich has been In­
co rp o ra te d as a non-profit group,
has a lrea dy sponsored several p ro­
gram s In its e ffo r ts to raise the
S100.000 fo r the prop osed project.
Questions Recreational
Bias at Marine Base
W A S H IN G T O N .
Rep.
Charles C. D iggs jr., (D -M ieh .l
has suggested that the Marine
Corps m ake recreational facilities
near the Parris Island. S. C. sta­
tion off-lim its unless they are open
to N egro as w ell as w hite Marines.
D iggs told MaJ. Gen. A. L. B ow ­
ser. assistant ch ief b f sta ff o f the
M arine Corps, that it would seem
to him that this was “ the equ it­
able thing to do since certain o ff-
base recreational facilities are
available only to som e o f you r per­
sonnel.”
D iggs m ade his com m ents in a
letter to B ow ser con cern in g a
com m unication from a N eg ro m ale
M arine at the Parris Island Marine
C o n « Recruit D epot. T h e Marine
said there is a lack o f recreational
facilities and social life fo r N egro
Marines.
?
I itti«
„ ip i| «
M i«
MANAGER & EDITOR - Don Alford
THE ONE THING TH A T W ILL AID THE NEGRO MOST T O ­
WARDS GE1TING HIS RIGHTS AND JUSTICE IN THESE UNITED
STATES IS PUBLIC OPINION, AND BY HIS REGULAR SU PPORT
O F THE NEWSPAPER TH AT SERVES HIM, HE CAN AID IN THE
BRINGING
ABOUT
O F STRONG
PUBLIC OPINION FOR HIS
OVERDUE FIRST CLASS CITIZENSHIP. THE NEWSPAPERS AND
MAGAZINES
HAVE
BEEN AND ARE TO D AY THE G R EATEST
CHANNEL O F NEGRO HISTORY. WHAT L IT T L E HISTORY TH AT
THE AVERAGE NEGRO KNOWS ABOUT HIMSELF WAS GOTTEN
FROM HIS PAPERS AND MAGAZINES. IT IS HIS NEW SPAPER
AND MAGAZINES TH A T GIVE HIM SE LF R E SPE C T, AND AID
HIM
IN KEEPING HIS HEAD U P. L E T HIM SU PPO RT THEM
A LL TH A T HE POSSIBLY CAN AND HE W ILL BE SU PPO R T­
ING HIS OWN PROGRESS.
L E T IT BE SAID FOR THE GOOD O F A N EW SPAPER, WHEN
YOU FIND A NEGRO TH AT DOES NOT HAVE PRIDE IN HIM­
SELF AND HIS RACE, HE DOES NOT READ HIS PAPERS. NO
NEGRO CAN READ THESE PERIODICALS REGU LARLY WITHOUT
REALIZING
THAT HE IS MOVING FORW ARD AGAINST THE
ODDS
TH A I
ARE
TRYING
TO STOP HIS PROGRESS AND
GROWTH.
A NEWSPAPER CANNOT EXIST WITHOUT ADVERTISERS, AND
ADVERTISERS CANNOT SU PPORT YOUR P A PE R UNLESS THE
PEOPLE T H A T READ OR SEE THEIR ADS MAKE PURCHASES.
ADVERTISING IS THE KEY TO SUCCESS FOR ANY BUSINESS,
BUT FOR SOME STRANGE REASON, THERE ARE VERY FEW
NF.GRO BUSINESS MEN ADVERTISING THEIR PRODUCTS IN THE
PAPERS.
ONE OF THE SAD COMMENTARIES ABOUT NEGRO
BUSINESS MEN IS TH EY DO NOT TAKE ADVANTAGE O F AD ­
VERTISING
TO AID THEM IN MOVING THEIR MERCHANDISE
AND PRODUCTS FROM THEIR STORES AND OTHER PLACES O F
BUSINESS. BUSINESS PEO PLE AROUND THE NEGRO ARE M AK­
ING REAL MONEY WHILE TOO MANY NEGROS ARE STRUGGL­
ING DAY IN AND DAY O U T TRYING TO MAKE ENDS M EET.
THE NEGRO MAN O F BUSINESS MUST R E A LIZE THAT IF
HE WANTS TH E BUSINESS, HE MUST DO WHAT OTHERS ARE
DOING
TO
GET
BUSINESS.
THE NEGRO BUSINESS MAN IS
LIVING
IN AN AGE O F KEEN COMPETITION AND HE MUST
R E A LIZE IT IF HE WGULL MOVE FORWARD IN THIS FIELD
O F BUSINESS AS OTHERS ARE DOING.
Il V
Dixie Schools
N A S H V IL L E , Tenn. — The
Sou th ’s pu blic sch ools have
com pleted
their
first year
w ithout v iolen ce since 1954,
when the U. S. Suprem e Court
ruled com pu lsory segregation
unconstitutional,
Southern
S ch ool N ew s reported this
month.
M ob
action, b oy cotts
or
bom bings occu rred o v e r new
school desegregation during
each o f the first seven years
after the cou rt’s decision, the
paper said. As the 1954-55
school term open ed and N e­
groes began entering schools
with whites, protests flared
up in Baltim ore, M d.; W ash­
ington, D. C , M ilford, D el.;
and several
W est V irginia
com m unities.
The m ajor incident o f v io ­
lence in the 1955-56 sch ool
year occu rred at the U n iversi­
ty o f Alabam a, w here w hites
rioted w hen A utherine L u cy,
attended school fo r three days.
D esegregation attem pts in
the next school year, 1956-57,
resulted in the use o f the
N ational Guard to quell v io ­
lence in Clay and Sturgis, K y.,
and Clinton, Tenn. T he g ov ­
ernor o f Texas seht T exas
rangers to control pu blic p ro­
tests against desegregation in
M ansfield.
V iolence over schol deseg­
regation reached its peak d u r­
ing the 1957-58 session, with
the use o f rim e d troops at
Little Rock, Ark., and the d y ­
nam iting o f a N ashville, Tenn.,
elem entary
Tenn.,
school.
returned to
Clinton,
59, when a dynam ite blast d e­
stroyed a w ing o f the deseg­
regated high school.
On L abor Day, 1959, tw o
years after the troop s had
been sent to L ittle R ock , three
dynam ite blasts there dam ag­
ed a city -ow n ed autom obile,
the m ayor’s private o ffic e and
a school adm inistration build­
ing. The seventh school year
after the Suprem e Court de­
cision, 1960-61, began peace­
fu lly but the quiet ended in
N ovem b er
w hen
whites
m arched and picketed in N ew
Orleans to protest integration
o f tw o elem entary schools.
The last violence o v e r school
des?-;regation in the region
occurred at the U niversity o f
G eorgia
in
January,
1961,
when tw o N egroes entered the
school under court order. P ub­
l i c ‘ officia ls in A tlanta, M em ­
phis. Tenn., and Dallas, Tex.,
m ade extensive preparations
to avoid violen ce last fall
w hen their public schools de­
segregated.
In several Southern com m u ­
nities, v iolen ce caused the
pu blic authorities to postpone
the scheduled adm ission o f
N egroes
to
w hite
schools.
H ow ever, the federal courts
have ruled consistently that
violence, or the threat o f v io ­
lence, is not a valid reason
for
delaying
desegregation.
lence
m ajor
incidents o f
associated
Ir til* « 1
p O
iW
UWlll All —
M
lffli
gn the Am
erican Teachers
Wheifc*
in ili
RfHk
Asset»1“ wets ill
_ ill 59th àliti
Annuil Convention on July en tim
25.21 in Mini, Fla, it of Airtui IQ | u q
the mW m
ost resi tdin- renimi 1 ^ , ,
Clin ! % /
telle# 1)8 1
<jlK B 0! spea
Teeei®!
'
consult«teaiilik
iatuietolitof W
clini IIIH|b
cittì Mm.,/
In
B ond
c o in
w ith
v io­
school
desegregation in the Southern
and border area are listed be­
low b y sch ool years:
s .. .. f l
[niiia iii / 1 ,
|M i M# ^
N
Ir
»m
BS»
iWtitn/1»
liiHlWtJ11« j
] imi
I
li«
À<|
m
lllttl Me
1 /
ptaiiilii
s.
:« r t «1
13»
] min ita»
iilÉi!llì| rii
Irti*; H
ili
in i»«
Ir ti*
|filili kuirn»..Tjm
J I«»
rtn:r-.m“
wj, /
ton
"'J(iu
ril'i
,5* Jj |i5«lS
y ii*|ii»i
I
i f v*
J w
m*1
iiinilpl |!ll(I(«»u
: »M;-
WI m m M
alili „ tl, #'
Eli
Negro
the ft
ness,®
^
ta'
Wi|t ' ut!
Itili»
. iS 1! lffW#li!,|(i(«i»ii
is t a iL ,
i, |É|ü,piriii|i«i
l i 1 'rii, * # * 1 «
\ \ m ri£i,r l(:1|,r%
y Mil
J o h n ! O L -.,....-.
v a r j College, Cambridge,
",
Mass ; H
onorable George L. ta n d il
tallii
fallii1
11, a i
p ^eawf' assistant secretary,
( j ‘ g Departm
ent of labor;
PkNfm
infili1!«
I lut iiWttfl#
'¡til b „ ..i 1 i lipm
A im M iiiii * *
1 ! .. vttm\
and ft
Ai
director ,*11»™1 Alrtalia' ftÉ lftll A
pue iid former Den, the ini ìli —w /||
S c M i1W W
orli’ Atlan' P *
M
#
%
ta
F O R THE FINEST OF FOOI (
ñ
a n d entertainment
;
C i.. .....
a m
» » «
#
#
ir»"
iiiii^ Q
1 »
I [H i
Ti
ih
i
%
¡i
o*
Tt
F RIEN DLY-COU RTEOU S A N D fffll
O rejo« Mirror W it C o n i #
3 S H O W S N IG H T L Y
g \
*
..MPH
I Militi
U f,K ;V ÿ y m
p h 1« « M t, /
nia) i'- ••
j| j
School fl mbwi »“>
m
Unite1® ft Ksirt
Professor of Psycholo­
gy city Colleje of New York,
and associitt director, North-
* v
sideCenlerForChildDevelop-
if
ment; D
r. Allison Davis, Pro­
fessor1
ii Edition, University attui Ï W
o f fliitijo and co-author hltìl ¡ V
¡V
(With i* M«ri) of 'Chil­
" " Nü
dren ol Bondage;"
DrJiii«C, Evans, consul­ ora V f
If
tant Uupower Division, U. fetlpr
the new s
headlines the next year, 1958-
The
iiliDiiil11*1 ^ v ì ì
idilli/
iJ r ii
I »ilpai«
.. ...
21» ®
11 FI
l|il
F
M 1/ l. II
%
i
WH/» WHAT IS
satisfaction 1
liiii'
W e l l , in Ike matter of
o w n i n g a car, satisfac
t i o n i s tlief6811!10^0!
p e r fo r m a iic 6iI"ax®
%
e c o n o m y , awl real de­
p en d a b ility
A t M eadows Pontiac,
t h e g r e a t A-at
t r a c k Pontiac and
t h e spectacular
T e m p e s t pre as a
r e a l headstartin pro­
viding satisfactior,,
a n d o u r ht|etmodem
s e r v i c e department do« uie
r e s t . W e're determined that
e v e r y Meadow customer must
b e h a p p v , * * and satisfaction is
t h e k e y . Join our exclusive, h|
c u s t o m e r s dak.
M
"■r:
P
lli'lli
fill
y
\