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About The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891 | View Entire Issue (July 19, 1890)
THE OLYMPIC MOUNTAINS.
Norman R. Smith gives us some little idea oi that part of
Washington designated on the' maps as the Olympic range,
which has heretofore been almost entirely unexplored. The
Olympic range, says Mr. Smith, forms a V, with the apex near
the head of Hood's canal, one side of this Y terminating in the
Jupiter hills, the other extending by Mount Olympus to near
Cape Flattery. In front of the base, or open side of this V,
stands Mount Angeles, which is the product of volcanic action.
There are several streams rising in this territory, among which
are the Elwha river, Chambers creek, Skokomish river, Big
Quilcene, Quiniault, Solduk which is the principal affluent of
the Quillayute, the largest river on the peninsula and the
Dungeness. There are several lakes, the most noted of which
are Sowan lake, Lake Sutherland which is about three miles
long and one and one-half wide and Crescent lake, which
takes its name from its shape. Nearly all these lakes abound
in trout; and the outlets to them run through steep canyons
whose sides rise hundreds of feet above the water. In the
interior, or center of this V, the geological formation is volcanic
trap, the soil being excellent, and the valleys are covered with
grass (in thirteen varieties) and alder, maple and cottonwood
trees; while on the mountains are hemlock, cedar and juniper,
and occasionally Jong-leafed pine is seen. The principal game
found there are elk, deer, black bear, panther, cougar, moun
tain lion and wolf. Mount Olympus, which is the apex of the
V, is 8,620 feet high, and is about thirty miles west of the range
seen from Seattle; it has on its east side an incipient gla
cier from which falls a roaring cataract one of the branches of
the Elwha river. Mount Constance is 7,777 feet high, and
Mount Angeles is 6,740 feet; the average height ot the range is
about 7,000 feet, and snow remains all the summer on those
above the height of 6,000 feet. A fuller and more satisfactory
report will soon be made from this region by an expedition
recently sent out by General Gibbon at the request of the Ore
gon Alpine Club, under the command of Lieutenant O'Neil,
signal officer of the Fourteenth United States Infantry. He is
equipped in all respects for a thorough scientific and geological
investigation of the country, and is accompanied by a botanist,
geologist and other scientific investigators, nnder the auspices
of the Oregon Alpine Club, who will assist him in his work.
RAILROAD BUILDING IN MONTANA.
Montana will be the Bcene of the most active railroad con
struction in the United States during the present year. In
every corner of the Btate railroad construction is in progress.
The finishing touches are being placed on the Butte cut-off,
which will to-day be turned over to the operating department.
The Northern Pacific branch to Elkhorn is being rapidly built,
as well as tho Missoula cut-off to the Couur d'Alenes, which,
when completed, will enable the road to still further shorten
up its time from St. Faul to the coast. The Gait railroad is
going ahead at a rate that insures connection with the Canadian
Pacific before snow flies. The Chicago & Northwestern, which
is now near the Montana line in Wyoming, is rapidly coming
this way, and a few months will bring it within a short distance
of the Northern Pacific. Plans are being laid for extensive
railroad construction on the west side of the range by the
Union Pacific and Great Northern, with the mining and timber
regions of Deer Lodge and Missoula as the present objective
points. It is only a question of a short time when orders will
be issued for the commencement of work on the northern ex
tension of the Great Northern through the Flathead region.
A railroad to the Castle mountains, to be completed this year,
is assured. At present Townsend Is Helena's favorite starting
point for the mineral region, but the belief is gaining ground
that a more feasible, direct and beneficial route, as far as Hel
ena is concerned, can be located in a straight easterly direction
from Helena. Altogether the outlook for railroad construction
in this state is very encouraging, and it will not be many years
before Montana will be traversed in its entirety by all the great
western railroads, among which will be the Burlington & North
ern Helena Independent.
UMATILLA WARM 8PRINOS.
Situated on the Umatilla river, in the Blue mountains, be
tween Adams and Summervllle, and on the old Thomas &
Buckles toll road,- is one of Eastern Oregon's most famous
summer resorts the Umatilla warm springs. They are under
the supervision and management of J. B. Purdy, a very pleas
ant and agreeable old gentleman, in whose possession they
have remained for eight years. The water, which contains
quantities of sulphur, iron, saltpetre, magnesia and salt,
gushes, almost boiling warm, from two springs in the huge
rock that forms the base of the high and almost perpendicular
wall of the mountain's side. It is conducted through wooden
troughs to a suite of bath rooms. Five hundred people were
estimated to have been camped on the grounds on the fourth
of July this year. These springs, being situated but six and
one-half miles from Mikecha, a station on the railroad, and of
fering, as they do, an Inducement for bathing and drinking,
will make them a famous watering place and summer resort
for tourists, invalids and pleasure seekers from many parts of
Since the chamber of commerce, of Port Townsend, Wash.,
offered a bonus for telegraph connection, it being served at
present only by a local company, there has been a lively tace
between the Western Union, the Pacific Postal and the Oregon
Improvement companies for the coveted prize. The Paclflo
.Postal, however, seems to have captured it, and offers to build
from Olympla, 112 miles, for $12,000, which may be paid in tel
egraphing. This proposition has been accepted. Tort Town
send is also to be connected by telegraph with Vancouver, B.
C, via Victoria, and will form the United States terminus of
the Canadian Pacific railroad telegraph, whose extreme east
ern end is Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Wist Siiorb has often spoken of the giant timber of the
Pacific slope. A cedar tree on J. M. Hackett's place, in the
Kalama valley, is eighteen feet through and 800 feet high.
Whole townships of land in that section are covered with fir
trees which are from 250 to 350 feet high. The Cowllts Bulletin
says one of the residents of that locality built I house 22x30, '
one and one-half stories high, and a barn 24x30 feet, out of the
lumber from one tree, and had piles of lumber and fonce posU
The specifications for the Northern Pacific car and machine
shops in Ellensburgh, Wash., have been received. They are
to be completed October 15th, and will cost $100,000. The
round house will have fifteen stalls; the machine shops are to
be 62x112 feet; the engine house for machine shops, 23x40
feet ; the blacksmith shop will be 39x40 feet. Coal storehouses
will also be erected.
The Oregon Metalic Paint Co. has been Incorporated at Leb
anon, Or., has machinery on the ground and will proceed to
develop the paint mines near that place. The quality Is said
to be very superior.