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About The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891 | View Entire Issue (April 1, 1885)
THE WEST SHORE.
law abiding and industrious. As a rule thoy have livod
here long enough some of thorn forty years to have
acquired all that pride and love of home which is the
bulwark of society and fountain of patriotism the world
over. But few traces of the "Rowdy West" will be
found in Oregon.
The leading industry of the Stato is agriculture, and
this is, no doubt, the attraction of four-fifths of the immi
grants who come among us. The one universal crop is
wheat, and there are but few sections where it does not
thrive wonderfully. The broad fields of the Willamette
Valley with its copious wintor rains, the rich valleyB of
Southern Oregon, and the drier rolling plateaus and
prairies east of the mountains all seem the natural home
of the winter wheat No one can look upon the growing
fields, or examine the large, plump berries of the matured
wheat, without expressing surprise and astonishment,
which is deepened by the knowledge that the fields give
an average yield of from twenty-five to forty bushels to
the acre, often largely exceeding the hitter amount There
is a tendency, more especially west of the Cascades, to
raise a greater diversity of cros and cease to make wheat
the sole roliance, and in this direction lies the future
progress of agriculture. This movement is the double
result of the recent low price of the staple crop and the
strong infusion of Eastern farmors, who have been accus
tomed to that more economical and practical method of
farming. Oats, barley, cultivated grass and clovor, vege
tables and goneral farm product yield proliflcally. Hops
are a profitable crop on the alluvial bottom lands, the
cones being large and free from disease, and the yield
per acre prolific. East of the mouutaius wheat is, and
will continue to lo, the one great crop. Other cereals
thrive, especially corn, which is not a successful crop
olsewhere in the Stnto, except iu Southern Oregon. Vege
tables there also grow to groat size, and are of fiiio quality
and prolifio yield Oregon potntoos, from all sections of
the State, can ooiiteat the palm with tlio whole world
They grow to enormous size, and are dry, sound and of
fine flavor. Many tons of them are exported annually.
Every section west of the mountains, and many places
east of thorn, odor sjioeial advantages to tlio dairyman,
the groateat of which are to bo found along the 0011st, as
is more particularly shown in tlio various detailed
descriptions givon elsewhere. Tho growth of nutural
grasses is prolific, and in Wostorn Oregon, owing to the
moisture and mildness of the climate, continues green
and fresh nearly the entire year. It naturally follows
that but littlo hav is required for cattle, and the oxdciiho
of caring for them and protecting them from severe
storms is unnecessary. The market for dairy product is
good and can be widely extended. Thousands of pounds
of butter and choose are annually imjiortod from Califor
nia. The dairy farmer will find here an inviting field
Stock raising is one of the primo industries of tho
State. There, are more than 400,000 cattle grazing within
her limit, more than one-half of which roam the valleys
and bunch grass hills east of the Cascades in groat bauds.
The cattlo business there is carried on in the same gen
eral style as throughout the entire cattle licit of the n est
West of the mouutaius cattle are generally raised in con
nection with other farming pursuit. Sheep are to be
found iu all sections of the State, Southern Oregon blar
ing off the (Nil in in quantity of wool, though the distinc
tion is becoming loss marked yearly. Along the Colum
bia east of the Cascades, and in the fixithills of the Ulue
Mountains, wool growing is an important industry. In
the State are 1,500,000 sheep, which are yearly increasing
in numbers and value.
Fruit growing is destined to become an industry of
groat importance. The superior quality of Oregon fruit
has long been known to our people, but the lack of ade
quate transportation facilities has prevented thia knowl
edge from spreading abroad. There being no outsnlo
market, ninny good orchards were neglected and permit
ted to go to decay. During tho last two yours, under the
changed conditions resulting from the construction of
railroads, tho reputation of this fruit litis spread, and cre
ated for it a demand which the present orchards are
nnnhlo to supply. Thousands of apple, pear, plum, prune,
cherry, pencil and apricot tree are lieing set out South
ern Oregon is the best adapted to fruit culture, and that
is the region which produces such fruits as the peach and
aprioot Its sunny hill slopes are the natural home of
tho grape, and grapes thrive in all portions of the State
west of tho mountain. East of the Cascades thero are
ninny places where the topography of the oountry creates
conditions favorable to fruit and grapes, even to peaches
and other semi-tropical varieties. In apples, plums and
cherries, Oregon fruit surpasses the best produced in
California. 1' ruit canning is beginning to obtain a hold
here, and Oregon oannod and dried fruits will not have
to wait long for a reputation.
The mineral wealth of the State is great, though its
extent cannot even be surmised. Tlio precious metals
are mined in Douglas, Jackson, Josephine, (hunt, linker
and Union oounties, in some of whicli mining was iu past
years tho 0110 great industry, and yet remains an impor
tant one. (loll is found in other localities,, but not in
such quantities. Mining has always boon chietly in
pincers or in gravel hods, tho hydraulic process lieing
used m many localities, imperatively little quart
mining has been done. The jack of sulllcieiit capital and
the great excuse of transporting machinery havo operated
to chock the progress of quarU mining. rraiissrtation
to those regions lias boon greatly improved the last two
years, and it is confidently believed that capital will soon
take hold of these uiiIovo1omhI lodge. Coal is found In
great fields throughout the Coast Hange, and discoveries
of it have beeu made in the Blue Mountains, It has tsieu
mined to considerable extent in the vicinity of Coos Jiuy,
but our coal measures may bo said to ho practically undo
veloied and their extent unknown, save that thev are
known to underlie many thousand acres of forest land.
Iron is found in large quantities in several localities.
Onpior has boon found iu large quantities east of tlio
Varius manufacture exist In tho Slate. Three good
woolen mills are in operation. There is abundant room
here for manufactures of various kind. Water iowor
incalculable is now running to waste, much of it along
tho lino of railroad already constructed
CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS,
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