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About The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891 | View Entire Issue (March 1, 1884)
THE WEST SHORE.
Portland, Oregon, March, 1884.
ESTABLISHED 1 87B.
THE WKST SHORE,
An UMrnted Journal of Ueneral Information, ilen,ti,l to th ilm-l,n,mnt of
the limit Went.
Bulw'ription pruw, per annum .
To fim.iKn cuuiitrioH, inoluilii.a poirtaiw. . .",!,.
Sinulo copies jjj
Bnlwcriijtion can be forwarded by rem-Hered i letter or .i)Hini Vm'lHr'n't'miVrik
1 ot,naU,m and Now. A,.U will revive Hubscriptioii. At above ratal"
Oonor.il Travolin AwonH-rroiKie Sharp. Jr., and (loorito Sharp.
ISAMl"iL' rul.lllor, la Fnmt NU, for. Wiwlilimtoii, Portland, Or.
TAHI.K OF CONI'KNTH.
Amlior and it Ve
Menf Juioo VD. Boot Ton J;
llo Someliody ' " ' ! j
('aHtnllated Hock of the Mii-eourY.'. " . -,
CliinoNr, or India, l"k
Chronology of Evontn JJ.'
ClothiiiiiMndeof (Jlnne .' C'
Khwtrie Wnlolieii Jj
Fremont B"d tlio Modoc, No. 1 If"
(rent Northwiwt, No. i
How Sheep Wi ter in Montana .'. ii
Jiitollmenoe of Ants V
liinkvillo, Oreon !J
Makti n Itetritminir
Mean Mnn'B TIkhikIiU 11
Slontai-aV I'rodtintivBHWK Zt,
Not of the Northwiwt !J
Origin of "Cidifori in" and "Oregon ". f!
Our IndiHiii'i nrd Kiwimrmw, No. 2 . iz
; Itaiiifiill at Umpire (lily JJ
Itnm'H lloniCnvo !.'!".'!" '. L
Neceptaele for Soiled Lil en 1 J,
Nulphnr Unko JJS
Him Hivcr, Montana JJf
H'raiml Hand Food ii
J'nooina, the " Torminal City " '.
! 1'rtw I'lantinif !..!!!!!!!!! hh
i Wonlnn'M Opinion HI
What Chi amen HnveDoi.e H7
To men contemplating a'removnl to thin region, expect
ing to depend upon some form of unbilled manual labor
for a livelihood, we have but two words of advice to offer
" Don t come." Completion of railroad lines Imh left us
a surplus of that character of labor. Fanners desiring
to secure homes, persons with small or largo capital,
intending to engage m some mercantile pursuit or nidus
try, mechanics, especially those whose trade's are in the
line of building, and skilled labor in any of the branches
of industry which are developing here, will find this
country an inviting field; but unskilled lalxir is not
desired. Profesiiional men and those seeking genteel
employment must make up their minds to encounter much
competition in securing business or situations.
Tine artetiian well at Miles City, Montana, has lwen
extended a distance of 100 feet further, with the result of
securing n strong How of pure, soft water. The wells at
Jnllings and Helena have not been so fortunate, but there
in no reason to doubt their ultimate success. The value
of artesian wells to Montana cannot be overestimated,
whether for watering stock, for irrigation or for the water
supply of the growing towns and cities; and as soon as it
ih practically demonstrated that they can be successfully
bored in a region as extensive ns that embracing Miles
wty, Billings and Helena, many will, no doubt, be under
taken. The' Montana papers urge upon Congress the
passage of a bill giving title to 1(50 acres to any settler
ujon Government land requiring irrigation to make it
valuable, who will sink an artesian well. A Mowing well,
while it might not 1m sullicient to irrigate a quarter
section, would furnish water sullicient for all the stock
that could grazo upon a township. Uy this means much
land now comparatively worthless could bo renderod suit
able for agriculture or much increased in value for
grazing purges. Large expanses of land aro valueless
for cattle ranges, because of their remoteness from water
courses, which would otherwise afford grazing for thou
sands of cattle. The workings of the Timber Culture
net have been found to bo impractical, and a repeal of the
act has been advised by the agents who have investigated
them; but there seems to be no practical objection to an
artesian well act of a somewhat similar nature. There will
bo this essential difference: Timber culture filings aro
invariably made upon land already valuable for agricul
tural purposes, the nioro so that it is devoid of timber;
and in this way many thousand acres of the most fertile
prairie land have been "gobbled." The construction of
an artesian well, however, on land otherwise valueless,
adds just that much to the cultivable area of tlio country
and consequently to its wealth and resources. Nor is
there in this proposition any smattering or the "Desert
Land Act," by means of which vast tracts of Government
land have been acquired by speculators and capitalists;
for the act would limit each individual to 1(50 acres.
Even in case capitalists should acquire title to largo tracts
through the dishonest means now used to secure extensive
IxHlies of land under tlio pre-emption and timlsH- laud
laws, the actual construction of a ltowing artesian well
UN)ii each quarter section would be necessary to secure
title. Some legislation of this character bv (oniross
would no only be of great assistance to Montana, but to
certain xrtions or nearly every Western Ntuto and
NOTICE TO CONTRIBUTORS.
The publisher of TiiR Wkst KhoiiE invites contribu.
tions uM)ii subjects of general interest or essays tioii
sH'cial topics affecting the welfare -of the Great West,
also short stories, descriptive sketches, etc., particti
larly those relating to the region to whose development
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