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About The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891 | View Entire Issue (June 1, 1879)
THE WEST SHORE.
HoaI'Makixu is not an easy prooeaa; some
time the ashes are j r, or the right rfiir
tiona of lye m l (jn.iv are nut ueil; at other
tuna tlia aoai aiara to Im good whan put up,
but chaiiaa entirely after standing a few days.
Tlia laal troulile usually ariaaa from gutting the
aoap too atrong ami diluting with water. If
vary etmng, it will Im thin ami dark; ami hy
adding -! I water anil thoroughly etirring, the
color la changed many ahadea lighter ami the
maaa thu kind, giwng it the appearance id a
No. I article, while in reality it ia very pour.
BWOT ashes are the licit for soap-making,
but thoae from enund lieach, maple, or ulrunet
any kind of hard wood except oak, will auawer
well. A MMH barrel, act ipofl an im -lined
platform, makeaa very good leach; but one made
ul I. .ar la a. I 111 a trough in V shape ia Is tier,
for the atn ngth ul the aahea ii Iwtier obtained,
and it may lie taken to puna vthcu not in uaa,
and put away. First, 111 the bottom of the
leauh, put a few alicka; over them apread a
piece ol ear5l or woolen cloth, which ia much
brller than alraw; put 011 a few incjiea of aahea,
ami then Ir four to eight quarts lime; fill
with imnatemd aahea, and pack will down.
Pack the llueat in the center. It ia difficult to
obtain the lull Mreinth ol aahea in a barrel
wiHwt mflll (hem alter a day'a leaching,
and itu amu them up and replacing. The tup
ahniild bt MM thioanoll ami new aahea added
to inaka up the proper quantity. I'ae IhhIiiiK
water lor MM leeching, 'lake about (our
gallon ol lye, ami 1h.iI up thoroughly with
I'.' the clear ttreaac, then avid tha lye aa it ia oh.
tamed, ke. pinga alow tire and stirring often until
jWH hate a ham I ,.l aoap. After billing the
grease and four gall. ma of lya together, it may
let put 111 a Urn I and the real id the lye added
there I lua will I. mil good aoap if frequently
atirred; but tin healing process la the beat,
wlieu 1 all.. 1 .mil tunc xill permit.
Pi M Hi HI U Kngliah woman writea Ui
the (rermaatown Myraal u follow One
pound l..ur, an ouncea g,s butter, one .fourth
jaiuud "war, one eg,;, m arls a quarter of a pint
M milk. In amall tcaapnoiialul of halting.
p..l.i, a lawdroai of ewameol lemon. Warm
the bolter, aith.ut oiling It; leal It Mill, a
,...I,,i pxn;atir the tl.mr in gradually with
the augar. ami nu theae nigrcdienta wall to
gvther Make the milk Ink, warm. U-at uti
aith Hat Mil ol the rgg and the eeaeuca of
h iii ni. and atir thaae Ui the llour. etc. Add
the Ukiug powder. MM UM dough well (or
ala.ut leu uoiiutfe, dm I. n ,,,1,, '( ,,.,.,.,
put tl. 1 in mi,. I ut t 'e.l iinaor MM, mA ktki
III a bnak oven ' 1 .,11 80 lo 3) uimutea.
DlMaiau rU Kuwu. -Spread piac-ra of atale
but k ml. r whaatrn hi,. I liberally with Utter,
I ' d i.'i . 1 highly with aalt and pepn.ri
"km.- t it. 1 Hie huller a llltl. , tlu dip
the l.nal in ine, and Uae It 11, aa large pine,
aa la , , 1,1, nl t . alutf tb,. hm The .1. 1
flavor ahirh the winegitca la eery cnetraliug.
an I (tra Ui the fuala rich gam. v rharact. r
l.i.h ia aeiy pl-aaanl. We tTooinmeiid thta
draw. ai. lt...', I., our pera-naJ high ap
pers ist ion d iu d.li.a. ,
Htvii J calico ia made aaler pr. ( by the Chi.
neae villi a preparation which pr... as tli.ieiit
la an) climate, and ia auid to ! tMiniaaanl
of the '...loaiug ll.gTe.li, nl. RajU ul. one
qaait, a. -It cap, usae ounce, and I.
"Ume ll'e olidr to ba bulaal until lalu.-ial to
throe ii altera of iu qwanlit) aheu nninl
The calico troakad with Una m.tiurv ana are.
w, 11 aj Mi aaviug apparatus.
WaMtiMi (Vlonet. Fatctcx -Before washing
aim l Mil MaMtjl fahiioa, soak them in -aatet,
to oerh gallon nl which a spoonful id 01 gall has
baan added A la-a. upful of lya in a pad ,. a .
tor it Mid to unprov. tbt color of black froda
A atrong tea of common hay will improve, the
eolor of Kren'h linena. Vinegar in the rinjing
waUT, for pink and green, will brighten thoae
eolora; ami amla anawers tne aame end lor com
purple and blue.
To Wash Veuktablkh. Vegetables ihould
never be waahed until immediately before pre
pared for the table, lettuce ia made altuoat
worthleaa in flavor by dipping it in witter aome
houra I" line it ia served. Potatoes sutler even
more than other vegetables through thu washing
process. They should nut be put in water till
just ready for boiling.
BoisaWl PoTATOM. Lti them be put into
cold water ill a covered vessel, anil boiled
rapidly until nearly done, then pour off the
water, and aprinklu a amall quantity uf salt
over the Hitatoea put on the cover so aa to
leave a small open apace for the steam to escape,
and leave the vuaaol over the lire for a few
tnitiutea, and the potaloea will be done.
To ill,-. Silk. A tcaapoonful of powdered
Iwrax dlaaolved in one quart of tepid water
ia good for cleaning old black dreas of silk, cash
mere or alca.
HOW TO OltlND EDtiE TOOLS.
LVI . l ill. -J 1 - J. no
i-.oge vooib are mien up ny grinning, ine
aharp grit of the grindatoue, being harder than
the iron or aUiel, cuta very small channels in
.1... ....r ...1.1 ..1 1 .1... i... .
no- .ui,.,,. 01 .itu iiicmu, ami sue revolving (una
carries away all the minute utrticlea that aro
!. I .. I . .1 lie tlo irrtf If .... w.ivn Im nw.M.I....
"J K . nv nu.u w . , in, 111,
the aurlace of the tool that has just lieen re
moved from the grindatonu undur tho Icna of a
IHiwerful on. ion ,,pc, it would appear, aa it
wen, I tc a. llo, roool, aiirfa,.,. of . ,1.. . I .. I. . .1. I
I ... h .. .... . . . . ... ,,, ,,, n III,,, 1M
recently liueu acariliud with aome implement
no ii loriuen aiicruaio rnigea ami turrowa.
ii.... .1. i i j i..- .
- vneae ruigca ami iiirrowa run logeltier
from both aide at the cutting edge, the newly
ground edge accnia to bo formed ol a ayateni of
1 ul'' teeth, rather than to consist of asmooth
edge. For Una reaaoti a tool ia lirat ground on
., at, no. M mm lua Mm. ,1... ....... ..I .....
. " ', mm v. " . . , .ou n,,a.T Ol IOC
ak'el away rapidly; then it ia polished on a
wheel of much liner grit; and finally, in order
... raaawawj me M-rraiuru aa mucn as Hiaaililc, a
VMMMM of thu lineat grit muat k employed.
Tinaguca a cutting elge having the smalluat
p'aaible aerratiou. A raior, (or example, doca
not have a perlrct cutting eilge, aauue may per
ceiva by viewing it turuugh a iuicruacoio.
Itegtnnara aro aomelime inatructtxl, when
PMMMJ edge toola, to havo the atone revolve
toward the cutting edge, and sometimes from
it. When the lirat grinding ia being done, it ia
a matter of indifference whether this ia done or
not; but when thu liuiahing kiuuhee are applied
near ami at the very edge, a grinder can always
complete his task with more accuracy if the
periphery of the grindstone revolve toward the
culling edge, aa the at. ,1 that ia worn away
will ba removed more aaaily; whareaa, hen a
akme rum in the opposite direction, the grinder
can not always tell exactly when the aide ol the
tool is fully around up ki the edge. Thia ia
f eajiecially true whau IheaUn I haa a rather
!" , r ...li t.ui.r. Tho atone, when rutin:' g
(nun the e.lg, will not aweep away every p.ir
tide ol (ha uielal that bangs aa a - , ,,l,, ,.'
but when the alone rerolvoe Ward tho edira
th.-r ,.l I... .... "I... i la i i
,Ke l itecelVO Hie
eje i the gnu lor. -Caoae oeavo,f Uuidt.
Coaca are mule both air tight anil water
tight if plunged in m. Ited parafline, and kept
Hi. ie for about five minute Thuapr. parol
they can he ea.il. cut and Uira.1, and may be
inaerk-d r "Hhdiawu from, bottle without
To I aavaM- txruawoNt WMtLi Caartno
l-UO -Tho wl...!. MMkM mj. bo ak ptMd b
polling a pircw f roam, about tho ata of
l.iehy nut, ink. lb Lad I. and aUowin it to
null bolore pourtoa;.
THE INTER-OCEANIC CANAL KOUTR
The telegraph announces that the Inter.
Oceanic Conference, whioh for aome time put
has been in sossion at Pari, has decided on the
Darien route for the proposed oceanic ship
canal. Tina, rout is the one proposed by
Messrs. VVyse and Reolua, and it is estimated
will oost about 1210,000,000. By it a canal ii
to be cut through the isthmus from 80 to 90
miles in length, which shall be without locks.
That is, it ia proposed either to cut a hole broad
enough and high enough for the passage of tha
largest ships, masts, apart and all, through the
Andes or to cut the Andes down entirely, net
only to tho level of the sea, but far enough he
low it surface to float the largest and most
heavily laden vessels. The time necessary for
the accomplishment of the undertaking hu been
calculated at from 12 to 18 yean, and the time
of passage through it when completed for ves
sels will be two and a half days. There are a
number of reasons for considering this scheme
in an unfavorable light and at least for distrust
ing the motives of the parties interested. It it
a generally expressed opinion that several
others of the seven achemea proposed to the
conference were more feasible both in point of
expense and eaae of accomplishment thin the
one selected, and many prominent journals
. .pen I y charge that the present end wat reached
wholly by the skillful engineering uf Lieut
Wyte and hia adherents, who are backed by
atrong French interests and have personal aims
in view. Certainly the scheme appears to have
been gotten up regardless uf expense, and look
ing at the engineering difficulties to be over
come, we foar that it motive! are tomewhat
leas than honest Admiral Atnmen, the Ameri
can delegate, has throughout opposed the
scheme on the ground of its impracticability,
and advocated at all timea the cheaper mutes
lyiug farther to the north, StiU, now that the
Darien scheme haa received the sanction of the
conference, the whole body of American engi
n. i s have tacitly accepted the situation. They
say that the United States wants a canal, and
that it location is an entirely secondary consid
eration, as compared with it actual construc
tion at some one point. It ii to ba hoped that
the canal will actually be constructed. But,
taking into account the difficulties to be orer-
come, the enormous cost, the hampered means
of obtaining the neceaaary funds, and the way
in which the job haa been lugged through the
committee, it seems muoh more probable that it
will never exist, except in the floating itoek,
and that instead of the many millions which
win no raven ny it to American commerce, we
shall see our dollar quickly disappear in the
pocketa of theae diahoneat French speculators.
Piitjjic Rural Prrti.
A m m in Hum, Alum it sometime Died
hy baker to make a good looking loaf from an
inferior quality of flour, The danger to health
"f using it fioely haa often been adverted to.
and wo not ice that au eminent English medical
authority taya that the general use of alum by
laakers is one of the most fertile oantaa of dye
peMia, liver and bowel complaint in adult,
and of debility and nckcta in children. Bad
tea-lb aud their early decay ia another conse
quence of the daily uae of alum in food. It it
... in. d by phyaiologiaU that when there ia alum
in flour, the hone matter of tha broad (phos
phate of lime) instead of beoumiuff aatiuulated
by the ayatem, it either wholly or ia part I
vcrvou kit,, a salt ol alumina, which la
and incapabl of appropriation.
CoTroM M wi r.n-rchr m Til 8otmtH It
aUiad that 183 ootkin mills have boon built ia
tho South einoo the war.
It is thought that Germany wil return to the
bi metallic policy.