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About The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891 | View Entire Issue (July 1, 1877)
THE WEST SHORE
WILLIKWKE s (ill ACE,
He -asnt two years old. you str
ut couldn't attar well
A tingle void, this Willie-Wee
Of whom I'm gviu to tell.
Tetif you m , him some thin nod
His (Junk you, nia'am, ' M liett h .uU
In pretty, baby way.
And, kiiedliu: I'v his little bed,
Ingowunf dainty white.
He shut U TM BhM Mil ami si.l
Our rather." every night.
One moniliiK when the bell for MUWI
Had Kuiiirtiiiiit.il all the house,
He irlideii down the imrscrv stain
A willy hs a mouse.
"Hi, honey ! wha' ye fwiM wtdoul
You' liy'arbeeti MMXrm down "
Hi mammy cried: "Tlie chile's a)ut
Some mischief, I'll he bouti."
'Come back din niinit, till 1 put
You shoes and stuekbT tin !
BMmKtHd down the iiassave; but
And to hiimelf she heard him aav
Ai, lmttteriiu;. on he went, "
"la-ia away ! paiia away !"
And wondered what he meant,
into the hreakfast room he pressed
Mounted his father's dialr,
And gravely waited till the rest
Came in from roornltif prayer.
And when iiluiiiiu, and sisters three
Had taken, each, her place,
And paused it moment, ipiietiy,
To say their Mletit ,'trratu,"'
Hti head our Willie-Wee tow bowed,
And. foldinir palm to palm
SlHIt ! I, i- ill.tl Sii.l .
H.J. Pmktifln WUt A,nt.
Tre Invariable QUIU fur nurse, with all VUfinla children
Mr. Edward li. Andrew, of Boiton, has leased
a large tract of land Emm the Boston Wharf
omjDaay Id South Boaton, for the purpose of
erecting thereon works for ereosotiug lumber.
The impregnation of the porta of wood with
"wwiBiwMn parpoaa oi preeervtng it from
: decay and the attacks t.f iieeota, especially the
teredo or naval worm, which is also destrue-
meio smpimii;, woo, ,m.rs. i.iW. -t,. i
ertain localities. .j ;.. v....
land in 1888 by Mr. Bethel!, who diawmd
tlie emcacy of creosote, ami erected works for
treating wood with it. At first it was used for
UMMrl for railways, its introduction was
naturally slow at first, but M its advantain-s
iH'come known its use was gradually extended,
until now there is scarcely a railroad in Great
Britain or on the continent where creosoted
ties are not uwl Wood whose pone have
TOBACCO As A CHICKEN MEDICINE
A wrifpr in kttm If, .....I .... . it.
of your reatlers ever tried tobaooo U a cure for
"'"7" 1 www it, tiavnig seen it itx-om-mended
in the poultry department of a book,
entitled " 1'urdun's Veterinary Ham) Book,"1
It runs as follows:
"A correspondent to the QardenerJ i 'hronklt
February 15th, I860, gave the following aocoont
of his txperienoe regarding the effects of tobacco
is a remedy for ailments in poultry. We may
mention that his statements as to the curative
effects of tobacco were subsequently eorrolio
rated by other oorreapondentl of that journal.
BpMjdiig to the wife of a working bailiff, who
had been a aucoeeafol raisir of fowls, l asked
what plan she adopted when they were sickly.
She quickly made answer: ' 1 give them a mud
of tobacco.' She further stated, 'I have
adopted the plan with success for 10 years.' I
then inquired why ifae nre it ami tlie quantity
administered, to which she replied I 'I had
noticed that when my husband w as mopish and
out of sorts, that if he took a large quit! ' of
tobaooo, be soon came round, and the thought
occurred to me that it might relieve my fowls,
which it always .toes; so," whenever 1 see any
Of them (Bltol sorts, I gin them a piece of
tobacco as targe M from the end of my thumli
tO the first joint.' You can judge my surprise
fts a medical man, when I state that I have
seen a like quantity destroy life in a human
being. NOW for the sequel. In the autumn of
last year I purchased some prize fowls, ami one
of them a mouth since became sickly. I gave
the old woman's remedy -a piece of tobaooo the
use of the first joint of my thumb L f., 30
grains). It had a most speedy and singubir
eilect upon it. In two minutes there was a
little staggering, accompanied by a peculiar
twitching of the tail, which gradually became
straight with the back ami ultimately trailed
on the ground. In 0 minutes the fow l appeared
quite well ami has continued so. This morn
ing my man, as usual, let out the fowls and
gave them some barley, but the oook bird
ftnpeare.1 very sickly ami disinclined to cat
Ho stood with his mouth slightly opened and
wings hanging down. He refused to eat bread
or anything. As this state had lasted three or
nur hours, I looked down his throat, which
appeared healthy, and lie had nothing in his
crop. I then gave him the "quid " of tobacco
(i. (., 80 grains.) In two or three minutes ho
appeared weak and his tail liegan to drop
slightly. He than sat down under a tree and
remained quiet ibottt live minutes. I then
walked to him, when lie got up ami in a few
minutes commenced pecking some corn, and in
a quarter of an hour from the first taking of the
tobacco, he apjieared quite well and l?gan to
crow most lustily, although he had not made
tho slightest effort before during the morning,
winch was very unusual, as he frequently
crows when well. To see him now, l4 hours
after the dose of tobacco, performing his accus
tomed duties, no one would scarcely bcUtVO he
bad taken so potent a remedy. I do not pro
fess to give the eteafeu operwuii, but, as it acts
like a charm, it is worth knowing."
Having read the alstve, 1 resolved to try it
on the first opportunity offered. A young cock,
about six months old, full ill. His head turned
black, his feathers all milled up and he apearcd
blind and stupid, and seemed to wish to push
his lieak along in front of him on the ground.
When I picked him up, he was under the
horse's feet and was in imminent danger of
being trodden on, but he did not seem to tee
them or me, f gave him alxuit as nearly as
possible the dose recommended, and then laid
him down, ai it happened, but not intentionally,
near a water puddle. I went off and left him.
In aliout five minutes I passed that way again
and found him lying on his side and drinking
vigorously, but apparently he was still blind,
for if he did not happen to drop his head into
the water, he would suck at the damp ground
as if his beak w ere in water. Alxmt 10 minutes
later he got up and retired to the chicken
house, and I thought no more of it until 1 hap
pened to meet him walking about about two
hours later in perfect health and in company
with other fowls. In due course of time he
came to the table as fat and healthy a bird as
ny of his mates. It others try thi and
n-port their experience.
A boy having been told that "a rertib . an
animal that creep-," on being asked In ame
one, on examination day. promptly replu i. "A
THK SAW-MIM. RAILROAD.
Among the many industrial contrivances to
which necessity has given rise, that represented
by the engraving is ,lot the least noteworthy.
It is a railway constructed down the side of a
steep mountain, for the purpose of lovtffins
logs to a null to lie sawed Into boards. The
mountain, winch is on the Cosumnes river, is
so steep that to roll a tog down its sides would
.i uin. intgiiieuui. i no railway WM eon.
strut ted at au exact angle of 4b", and was '2 000
feet m length. It was built in 1888,
We give on this page a choice little piece of
scenery which may be found on the line of the
lennsyhama railroad It is a view of the
Susquehanna in the early moniinK. The Sua
quehanna is one of the historic rivers of the
A SAW MILL KAILBOAO.
been thoroughly impregnated w ith creosote w ill
resist decay. The treatment with creosote was
attempted in IIobUui some years ago, but the
works were insufficient for the purpose, having
lieeu put up for another use and altered over for
creosoting. Vet the timber creosoted at that
time, although imiierfectly treated, has, in most
cases, given satisfaction, and is to-day, after
live or six years' test, according to the BoetOfl
VW, erfectly sound, as can lie seen in a portion
of wooden -.lavement on Columbus avenue. At
the French ex-osition of 1867 leeers were ex
hibited which hail bean in wear on Kuglish
roads since 1888, and yet were perfectly mud,
The plant Mr. Andrews has ordered from the
Whittier Machine Coniaiiy. The prineiiial
tank or receiver in which the wood ii to M
treated is to U- of one-half inch iron, cylinder
country. Along iu nuk and aenws its waters
were enacted some of the utirring scenes of tho
Revolution. The river lias likewise beoottM
immortal in the charming tales of t'ooj-or. The
scenes along the river are full of lieauty.
Throughout its whole length, from it rising in
New York through its course across the State
of Pennsylvania, it In-auty is singular and
changing, and always commands the fullest
admiration of the tourist.
LbOM Suii--iii-ii.iii.sii in THK Umtkii St .11 Km, -According
to a statement recently placed at the
dis(Himd nf the New York Trihtmrhy the Iteg
ister of the Treasury, there havu been built ill
the I'nited States, since iKfili, for American
owners, 251 iron vessels of all sizes, having a
total measurement of lilT.-VlO tons. About 1 50
KAKLY KOBHIira ON THK SI SUTKHANNA ItlVKIt.
100 feet ionu and six feet iliamHter ami war. wr i .... I. ..1 bmJ Jm t . i.u
ranteil to sUnd a working pressure of 'JOU !. LeM than 100 tons, :,7; frm I (Hi to law.
to the square inch. This receiver will hold . 7.1; from !W0 to 1,000 tms, 41; ham 1 OOfl to
nearly 88.000 feet of luml-er. The works
lie completetlal-out August 1st
DlSlOVSRV ... ViTll'r l. . , . VI t
merie, in the Chemieat AVku, writes: In the
'i itnaiue ii u i ms, aituate.1 in a glen opening
cayeil roots of a mulberry tree were being dug
uti. On breakinir on of t ,,, f 1.. r.a... 1 fr
it a ware of mercury. The country people are
ui -uiUU mmm mo ueaui oi ceriain muiuerry
urn w im tu um icunn ui m-rcqry, ine sou
is of a achistoaa nature.
'Hi' ;,-"- UillS, til; Irom .'.') Ui . tuna 'I-
from 1,000 to -4,000 tons, Hj over ,VO00 ton Ii
A Naw I'HVLLOXKKA KtMit.v. Into
chloride of sulphur wtll wiivert an onlinary
drying oil into an elastic solid. A vohvtife
.i.ui.. w trie mi at uiiii) lm- u ttl -
protochlonde, will be inch-aed in the reeultini
solid, from alm h it mmm . . J 3
aWwly. Mr. Memer has amhned in this way
I as much as 70 . of bisulphide of carbon, and he
j proposes to employ this ingenious device io
J checking the ravages of the phylloiera.
TRANSPORTATION OF FRUIT.
The fferoj 'y of recent date says:
We saw this week at the iVutral Vacilio rail
road de,vot, a relrigerator car belonging to the
Western Refrigerator Company, of San Fran
cisco, which was designed to overcome the dif.
ticulties atU'uding the shipment of fruit, ami
is now being loaded with fruit for New York.
The car has made two trips from here with
fruit and was found to bo successful in preserv
ing the fruit. Tho cxi-ense attendant on draw
ing these cars with the passenger trains is so
great as to materially reduce tlie protits, and
therefore this car is intended to be taken by the
freight trains, although the trip oooMtarM twice
the time. This car is constructed with passen
ger trucks and Miller platform, and on top is
titted with doors to charge the proper receptacle
with ice. The shies of the cars are provided
with doors for the preservitiir chamber forp,'k.
mg and loading purposes. When building the
cur tho inventor sets apart a six inch sjiacu sur
rounding the top, bottom and sides, as also the
top and side doors, which he -.tacks with a light
ami efl'eetive non-conductor (charcoal), Imperrl
ovi to the extreme heat of Bummer and the cold
of winter, and the ear is lined with No. 88 gal
vanized Inm. Bach of the top and sitle doom
have triple closing edges like those of an iron
safe, titted with rublter wetbcr strips, so that
w hen the doors are doted and the patent screw
cap on the outside is applied to the thread of
the longitudinal Utohbar on the inside, Itdrawa
the door and the jam so closely ami iirinly to
gether that no tarticlo of air can enter the pre
serving chamber of the car, unless it is iH-rniit-tod
to enter through the ventilator, which is
only opened at the will of the consignee of a
load of (torishahle matter and under his instruc
tions or orders.
Inside of the car and attached to the top is
proiierly secured an air-tight, Y-sliH.-od, galvan
ized iron receptacle or trouh. which holds
alntut one ton of lot, This receptacle, owing to
its gutter form, prevents the water from the
melting lot coming in contact with the sou ml
ice, and as it melts, the water being facilitated
by the gutter form of the lower part of the re
ceptaclo, jiasses out through an iron pipe ex
tending through the bottom of the car, this cup
being trapped at the lower end to prevent the
admission of air.
The small gutter which runs below the V
shaped receptacle carries off the moisture w hich
may Ihj contained in the provision chandler and
condenses on the surface of the ice Iwx. What
ever hot air there may tie has no chance to
come in contact with the ice ami melt it, so
that economy in the un of loe is obtained In
other ears which we saw at the depot tho ice
was exposed to the contents of the cars iu such
a manner that it was liable to melt very rapidly
ami also added to the moisture in the car, in
stead of condensing it as in this ease, which
has Inch proved very injurious to fruit.
THK QRAPKVINH HL.U'K-K NOT.
Prof. Hilgard, of tho California tfuto Uni
versity, says through the columns of the
Pnefit Rural ' have for some time had
under examination and observation, some speci
mens of "black-knot" from vineyards in lo
calities when! tins die BMC, unusual on tho
vine, is beginning to produce alarm.
The knot is a brownish, s ewhat IpOUry,
light mass of, apparently, gnarled WOody tissue,
the curved and interim ing tiUirs being readily
observable with the naked eye. The mass is
quite brittle, so that it takes a sharp knife to
cut a section from a dry sjn eimeii w ithout pub
Venning the chip. On soaking in water it be
comes rather soft and spongy. On dry sections,
or in those recently soaked, it is difficult to ob
serve, even under the inicroscoj.H, anything
more than the very jKculiar laddcr-aha-icd
tissue which forms the main mass. On the sur
face of cracks iu the interior, this abnormal
yine-tissiiit may some tunes lie seen resolved
into its elements; rill long spindlo-sha-icd, and
usually somewhat spirally curved, vascular
tells, looking not unlike the "ladnVr aha-ied
ducta" of ferns. Attached to these, and some
times enwrapping them, appeal1 occasionally
long fungus librila. tut the multitude of these
latter is not appreciated until, after a few min
utes 1 soaking, they detach their ends from the
wrwsl cells ami finally project from the latter in
large numWrs, forming short -jointed stems or
fibrils of nearly uniform diameter. From the
joints of the longer fibrils then! project one or
two linvcrtod) Mask shaped bodies, apparently
the buds of new branehea; ami in a few eases I
saw them terminated by a yellowish feed, about
three times the diameter of the fibrils - evi
dently a kind of "seed vessel."
When the soaking is continued fur an hour or
so, the long projecting librils disapj-ear, having
apparently resolved themselves info a multitude
of short, a. utely egg shaiied cells, which pos
sesa a slight vibratile motion. The farther de
velopment of these I have not as yet been ablo
to follow up, but rauiiot doubt that each one of
the many cells so formed, would continue the
siH-cic under appropriate conditions. It would
thus lam that the winter rains must carry the
infection with them all over the vine.
Now, as to the jMMaible remedy, I conjecture
that in this, a in all other fungous diseases, a
more or less abnormal condition of the organ
ism piecadei the att k; although, when the
trouble has once gathend overwhelming head
way, it may attack even healthy plants. I
would aak the vine growers in infested localities
to otwervo carefully all circumstance of soil
location, drainage, etc., that may -ibly in'
tlueiice the health of the vine; note the charae.
ter of exempt localities, and try a few exj-eri-menu
in manuring (say with stable manure,
ashes and bine, each on a different plot of vine
yard!, undrdraining, etc. As for the cure of
the vine already attacked, it will lie neoeasary
to examine the depth to which the fungous fibrils
penetrate the tissue of the vine stem proper, to
determine whether all of the diaeaaed part can
aafely lie cutout. I would suggest experiments
a in the effect of coal tar, both on the tcrca
cence as a whole, then on the wound left after
breaking it off aa close as may be, and finally
on the wound left after cutting out all tppar
entiy diseased wood, if that can safely be done.