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About The Polk County post. (Independence, Or.) 1918-19?? | View This Issue
P O L K
C O U N T Y
P O S T. I
A Semi Weekly Newspaper.
Twice a Week at Independence, Polk County, O rogati, on
Tuesday and Friday
Entered aa second-close m atter March 26, 1918, at the pos to thee at In-
Jepeiiúenoe, .Oregon. under the Act of March 3, 1879.
Bat m u ILSt a Tear Strictly in Advance; Six Months
fO cents. A ll subscriptions stopped at expiration.
CLYDE T. ECKER. Editor.
The casualty list in tlie passing inlluenza epidemic ex
ceed*-in. number the American casualty list in the great
world war.- Those who have been in both engagements
say they will take the war every time.
The war’s end will greatly reduce the number of tour
ists Westward. Next Summer everybody will go to
Europe who has the price to get there. The only tourists
who will fcomo West are those who are afraid to ride in a
STEJUHEB H»6 MARKETS PUNNED
Hog Producers and Packers Confer WKh Repre
sentatives of the Food Administration and
Agricultural Department and Adopt
New Plan of Regulation.
I d accordance with the policy o f the Food Administration since its founda
tion to consult representative men In the agricultural Industry on occasions
o f ■ Importance to special branches s f the Industry, on October 24 there was
convened In Washington a meeting o f the L ive Stock Subcommittee o f the
Agricultural Advisory Board and the special members representing the swine
Industry to consider the situation In the hog market.
The conference lasted for three days, and during this time met with the
executive committee Of the fifty packing Arms participating In foreign orders
fe r pork products and with the members of the Food Administration directing
foreign pork purchases.
The conclusions o f the conference were as follows :
Livestock Subcommittee o f the Agri
cultural Advisory Board, together
with special swine members and the
representatives o f the packers, to Im
prove the present unsatisfactory situ
ation, which has unfortunately result
ed because e f the injection o f uncon
We ask the producer to co-operate
with us la a most difficult task.
The members e f the Conference
w e re :
Producers— H. C. Stuart, Elk Gar
den, Va., Chairman Agricultural Ad
visory Board; W. M. McFadden, Chi
cago, 111.; A. Sykes, • Ida Grove, -la?;
John M. Evvard, Ames, la .; J. H. Mer
cer, L iv e Stock Commission fo r Kan.
sa s; J. G. Brown, Monon. Ind.; E. C.
Brown, President Chicago Livestock
Exchange; N. H. Gentry, Sedulia, Mo.;
John Grattan Broomfield, C olo.; Eu
gene Funk, Bloomington, l i t ; Isaac
Lincoln, Aberdeen, 8. D. ; C. W. Hunt,
Logan, la .; O. E. YAncey, W. R. Dod
Food Administration—-Herbert Hoo
ver, F. S. Snyder, M ajor E. L. Roy, G.
Department of Agriculture— Louis
D. Hall, F. R. Marshall.
The packers present and others
sharing In foreign orders were repre
sented by the elected packers’ commit
tee. - Those represented w e re :
Packers— Armour & Co., Chicago,
111.; Cudahy Packing Co^ Chicago, 111.;
Morris A Co., Chicago, I1L; Swift A
Co., Chicago, 111.; Wilson A Co., Chica
go, 111.; John Agar Co., Chicago, 111.;
Armstrong Packing Co., Dallas, T ex.;
Boyd Danhao A Co., Chicago, 111:;
Brennan Packing Co., Chicago, 111.;
Cincinnati Abattoir Co., Cincinnati,
O .; Cleveland Provisions Co., Cleve
land, O .; Cudahy Bros. Co., Cudahy,
W Is.; J. Dold Packing Co., Buffalo, N.
Y . ; Dunlevy Packing Co., Pittsburg,
P a .; J. E. Decker A Sons, Mason City,
la.; Evansville Packing Co., Evans
ville, In d .; East Side Packing Co., East
S t Louis, 111.; Hammond Standlah A
Co., D etroit Mich.; G. A. Hormel A
Co., Austin, M inn.; Home Packing A
Ice Co., Terre Haute, Ind.; Independ
ent Packing Co., Chicago, III.; Indian
apolis Abattoir Co., Indianapolis, Ind.;
Interna ional Provision Co., Brooklyn,
N. Y . ; nterstate Packing Co., Winona,
Minn.; Iowa Packing Co., Des Moines,
la.; Powers Begg Co., Jacksonville,
111.; Klngan A Co., Indianapolis, In d .;
Krey Packing Co., St. Louis, M o.; Lake
Erie Provision Co., Cleveland, O .; Lay-
ton Co., Milwaukee, W Is.; Oscar Mayer
A Bro., Sedgwick and Beethoven
streets, Chicago, 111.; J. T. McMillan
Co., St. Paul, Minn.; M iller A Hart,
Chicago, 111.; J. M orrell A Co., Ottui
wa, la . ; Nuckolls Packing Co., PueMe,
Colo.; Ogden Packing and Provision
Co., Ogden, Utah -r Ohio Provision Co.,
Cleveland, O .; Parker Webb A Co., De
tro it M ich.; Pittsburg Packing and
Provision Co., Pittsburg, P a .; Rath
Packing Co., Waterloo, la .; Roberts A
Oake, Chicago, 111.; Rohe A Bros., New
York C ity ; W. C. Routh A Co., Logans-
port, In d .; St Louis Ind. Packing Co.,
S t Louis, M o.; Sinclair A Co., T. M.
Cedar Rapids, la.; Sullivan A Co., De
tro it M ich.; Theurer-Norton Provision
Co., Cleveland, O .; Wilson Provision
Co., Peoria, H L ; Western P ick in g and
Provision Cjp., Chicago, 111.; Charles
W olff Packing Co., Topeka, Kae.
The entire marketing situation h a s , producer and the Insurance o f an ade-
so changed since the September Joint quate future supply.
These foreign orders are placed
conference as to necessitate an entire
alteration in the plans of price stabi upon the basis o f cost-Of hogs to the
lization. The current peace talk has
As the result o f long negotiations
alarmed the holders o f com, and there
be! ween this body and the Packers'
THE PROPER SPIRIT
lias been a price decline o f from 25
Committee, representing the 45 to 50
cents to 40 cents per bushel. T h e fact packers participating In foreign or
that the accumulations o f low priced ders, together with the Allied buyers,
(From the New York Hdrald.)
corn In the Argentine and South A fri all under the Chairmanship o f the
“ Ahd, mo’over, Lawd,” solemnly said good old Parson ca
would, upoa the advent o f peace Food Administration, the following un
fiagster, in the course of a recent Sabbath morning’s sup and liberated shipping, become avail dertaking has been given by the pack
plication, “ bless us,not abundantly— uh— kaze we knows able to the European market has cre ers:
In view o f the undertakings on the
how times is dese days— but wid what y o ’ kin spare. We ated a great deal o f apprehension on part
o f the Food Administration with
the part o f corn holders. This decline
isn’t'choicey nor pertiekler, no mo’, but thankful for any
legard to the co-ordinated purchases
has spread fear among swine growers
thing jwe gits. Des send us, please, sail, not what we’ve that a similar reduction In the prices o f pork products, covered in the at
tached, it Is agreed that the packers
been used to in do good old similar days o f plenty, but dess o f hogs would naturally follow. More participating In these orders will un
over, the lower range of corn prices dertake not to purchase hogs for less
whatever y o ’ has handy and w e’ll make out wid it hue.”
woifid, If Incorporated In a 13-to-l ra than the following agreed mínimums
tio, obviously result In a continuously for the month o f November, that Is a
NO FRENCH W INE FOR THIS YA N K
falling price for liv e hogs. In view dally minimum o f $17.50 per hundred
pounds on average o f packers’ droves,
o f these changed conditions many
swlae producers anticipated lower
(B y Lieut. A. C. Heston, Portland.)
to be defined as pigs under 130
pounds, stags, boars, thin sows *and
“ The French are harvesting their grape crops and i f I
hogs to market In large numbers, and
Further, that no hogs of any
had known how they make wine I would never drunk so this overshipment has added to and skips.
kind shall be bought, except throw
much of it in St. Nazaire. The picking is O. K. but when aggravated the decline.
outs, at less than $16.50 per hundred
The average o f packers'
The Information o f the Department pounds.
they get into a tub of grapes and tramp the juice out with
droves to be construed as the average
their feet! A bath in France is a semi-annual occurence,
of the total sales In the market o f all
ply o f hoga has Increased about 8 per
hogs for a given day. All the above
so it is water for mine from now on.”
cent, while the highest unofficial esti to be based on Chicago.
mate does not exceed 15 per cent. Id-
We agree that a committee shall be
FUNN Y LETTERS GO TO WASHINGTON
creased production over last year. On appointed by the Food Administration
the other hand, the arrival o f hogs to check the daily operations In the
“ Now Mrs. Wilson, I need help during the last three weeks In the various markets with a view to super
Hers i are a few prize sentences
from letter* received by the govern bad. See if the President can’t help seven great markets has been 27 per vision and demonstration e f the carry
cent, more than last year, during the ing out o f the above.
me. I need him to see after me.”
ment inmirtmce department:
The ability o f the packers to carry
"both sides of my parents are old corresponding period, demonstrating out this arrangement will depend on
"I ain’t got no book learning and
the unusually heavy marketing o f the
1 am writing for inflamation."
there being a normal marketing o f
“ I have been in bed 13 yenrs with available supply. In the face o f the hogs based upon the proportionate In
“ She is staying at a dissapated
one doctor and I intend to try excessive receipts some packers have crease over the receipts o f last year.
not maintained the price agreed last The Increase In production appears to
“ Just a line to let you know I am another."
month, t On the other hand, many be a marimnm o f about 15 per cent,
a widow and four children.”
o f the packers have paid over the and we can handle such an increase.
"Ho was indented Into the sur to n boy. W ill that mako any dif price offered to them In an endeavor
I f the producers o f hogs should, as
to maintain the agreed price. The re they have In the past few weeks, pre
"I have not received my husband’s sult la any event has been a failure maturely market hogs In such Increas
"I needed his assistance to keep
pay and w ill be forced to lead an to maintain the October price basis ing numbers over the above It is en
determined upon at the September con tirely beyond the ability o f the pack
“ I received my insurunce polish immortal life."
ference and undertaken by the pack- ers to maintain these mínimums, and
and have since moved my post-
ora' Another factor contributing to therefore we must have the co-opera
to tight nnd he was the best, fighter
the break In prices during the month tion o f the producer himself to main
“Should Disband His Army.”
“ Please correct my name as I [ ever had.”
has been the Influenza epidemic; It tain these results. It Is a physical
“ Now you w ill have to keep me has sharply curtailed consumption of Impossibility for the capacity o f the
could! not and would not go under
The Polk County Post says: “The
as who in Hell w ill if you don’t?"
pork products and temporarily de packing houses to handle a similar
a consumed name."
”My' son is in Go.—, 158th Infancy. creased the labor staff o f the packers over-flood o f hogs and to find a market defeat of the state,tax levy is a no
“ I am writing in the Y.. M. C. A.
fo r the output. The packers are anx- tice to Governor Withycombe that
with the piano playing in my uni Please toil me he is living >or dead about 25 per cent
ThV exports o f 130,000,000 pounds lohs to co-operate with the producers the taxpayers of Oregon do not want
and if so what is his address."
o f pork product» fo r October com In maintaining a stabilization o f price their money spent for a state police.
“ I have learned that m y husband
“ Please return my marriage cer
pared with about 52,000,000 pounds
tifleate, baby hasn't eutin in three is in tiie constipation cam p in Ger- In October a year ago, and the and to see that producers receive a fair If assurances had been given that
prlco fo r their products.
no state money would be spent for
export orders plaeeable by the Food
THOS. E. WILSON,
that purpose, the proposed levy
Administration fo r November, amount
Chairman Packers’ Committee.
would have received an affirmative
to 170,000,000 pounds as contrast
The plan embodied above was adopt,
vote.” That is true. A state army
of ed by the conference.
98,000.000 for November, 1917. The
The Food Administrator has appoint was repugnant to the public.
Increased demands o f the allies are ed a committee, comprising Mr. ThomRS conveyed the impression that the
continuing, and are In themselves E. Wilson, chairman o f the Pack people of Oregon are lawless, and to
proof o f the necessity for the large ers’ Committee; Mr. Everett Brown, be held down only by military force.
production for which the Food Admin president o f the Chicago Livestock Ex
The governor should disband his
istration asked. The Increase in ex change; M ajor Roy o f the Food Ad
port demands appears to be amply ministration, Mr. Louis D. Hall e f the
sufficient to take up the Increase In Bureau o f Markets, te undertake the
The American's A p t Reply
hog production, but unfavorable mar supervision o f the execution of the
ket conditions existing In October af plan in the various markets. Commis
“ An American, eh," said one o f tne
ford no fa ir Index o f the aggregate sion men are asked to co-operate in
— im am was foolish to boy
isfying G ravely taste. It
supply and demand.
carrying out the plan embodied In the perennial casual inquirers to one o f
It must be evident that the enor packers’ agreement It must be evi the first American soldiers seen In
ph is o f the G ravely class
lasted so long, you can't
mous shortage in fats in the Central dent that offers by commission men to England. “ What are you, Y . l£r Cl
when h e coalrfiggt a big
tell him nowadays that it
Empires and neutral countries would sell hogs below the minimum estab A . r
plug of ordinary tobacco
costs him anything extra
Immediately upon peace result in ad lished above Is not fair, either to the
“ No,” drawled the Yank. “I reckon
for the sam e m oney. But
to chew R eal G ravely.
ditional demands for pork products producer or the participating packers. we’re the Salvation Arm y,"
which, on top of the heavy shipments Mr. Brown has undertaken on behalf
one day B ill gave him a
to the Allies, would Wild materially o f the commission men In the United
chew o l G h u ra ir-ju s t two
‘BE GRATEFUL AN D REJOICE”
It f t * / M b r -d a V mkf y»m
to Increase the American exports, In States that they will loyally support
o r three sm all s q u a r e s .
cam f t tht f d Mi to •/ flWj i
SAYS PRESIDENT W ILSO N
asmuch as no considerable reservoir o f the plan.
§/ fokettt without M f r i f t j rf
T h en Ike got the pure, sah
supplies exists outside o f the United
It Is believed by the conference that
States. It seems probable that the this new plan, based as It Is upon a
Continued from Page 1)
present prospective supplies would be positive minimum basis, will bring bet
purpose, and pray that in all that we
Inadequate to meet this world demand ter results to the producer than aver
do we shall strengthen the ties of
with the return to peace. So far as It age prices for the month. It does not
Is possible to Interpret this fact. It ap limit top prices and should narrow friendship and mutual respect upon
pears that there should be even a the margins necessary to country buy which we must depend to build the
stronger demand for pork products ers In more variable markets. It is new structure of peace and good w ill
after the war, and therefore any alarm believed that the plan should work out among nations.
P B C d A / Ê t r TOBACCO CO D A N V R L
o f hog produce»» a* to the effect of dose to $18 average.
"Wherefore, I, Woodrow Wilson,
peaco is unwarranted by the outlook.
Swine producers o f the country will president of the United States of
In the light o f these circumstances contribute to their own Interest by \inerica, do hereby designate Thurs
It la tho conclusion e f the conference not flooding the market, fo r it must be
day, the 28th day of November next
that-attempts to hold the price o f hogs evident that i f an excessive over per
a day of thanksgiving and prayer,
to the price o f bora may work out to centage o f hogs Is marketed In any
the disadvantage o f pork producers. one month price stabilisation and con and invite the people throughout the
Established \ 1889
It Is the conclusion that any interpre trol cannot sncceed, and It Is certain land to cease upon that day from
tation of the formula should be a that producers themselves can contri their ordinary occupations and in
broad gauged policy applied over a bute materially to the efforts of the their several homes and places of
A Successful Business Career of
long period. It Is the opinion of the conferences I f they will do their mark worship to render thanks to God. the
conference that In substitution o f the eting In as normnl a way as possible.
rider of nations.
The whole situation as existing at
previous plans o f stabilization the
“ In witness whereof I have here
L ive Stock Subcommittee of the A gri
cultural Advisory Board, together with assurance from the conferees repre unto set my baud and caused the
INTEREST PAID ON TIME
the specially Invited Swine representa sented—-namely. that every possible j seal of the Unit^l State« to be af
tives. should accept the lnvltatioa o f effort w ill be made te maintain a Uve fixed/
the Food Administration to Join with hog price commensurate with swine
"Done in the District of Columbia
the Administration and the packers in production costs and reasonable sell this sixteenth day of November, in
determining the prices at which con ing values In execution o f the declared the year of our Lord one thousand
Officer» and Directors
trolled export orders are to be placed. policy o f the Food Administration
nine hundred and eighteen nnd of
Thta w ill be regularly done. The In- to use every agency in Its control to
1?. Hirechberg, Pi*es.
D. W . Seans, V. P.
independence of the United
tlmuu'e o f these orders will be directed secure Justice to the fanner.
Ira D. Mix, Cashier
The stabilization methods adopted States of America the 143d.
to the maintenance of the common ob
“WOODROW W ILSON."
ject— namely, the stabilization o f the ftjr November represent the best e f
W, H. Walker
I. A. Allen
O. D. Butler
"By the president.
price o f IN * hogs so as to secure as far forts of the conference, concurred In
as U is possible fair returns te the by the Feed Administration sad the ‘ Robert Lansing, secretary of state."
Real Gravely Chewing Plug
____ eaon piece packed in a pouch
The Iiuiepetulence Notional Bank
Glasgow and a Toar o! Scotland
(Continued from Page 1.)
full length of that loch past Eilen’s
Isle and on to the Trossachs Pier.
These places had all been made
famous by Scott and his beautiful
poems "The Lady of the Lake",
“ Lord of the Isles" and others. On
Eilens Isle, a charming little island,
in Loch Katrine still stands the
“gnarled and twisted oak" which
was the trysting place of Ellen and
her lover. - From there wa went by
coach to Cailander, past Loch Ach-
ray and Loch Vennican, stopping en-
route at The Trossochs Hate! for tea.
This is what is claimed to be the
most beautiful part of the High
lands. W e will not soon-forget that
glorious drive of ten miles over
splendid hard roads and beautiful
scenes, hugb mountains over lap
ping each other, all purple and mau
ve with heather, while the lakes, like
brilliant mirrors in their gorgeous
purple setting, seemed each in its
proper place. From Callander we
went by rail to Loch Aire. This lake
is a narrow body of water about 23
miles long and.is famous because of
its being the old stamping ground
of the.Campbell ClaiK At one time
the Clan was 5000 strong and were
a mighty race. There are still many
Campbells living, da the vicinity of
Loch Aire and their pride in their
fighting ancestors is still very keen.
Kilchura Castle, 1440, a ruins which
stands at one end of the loch, was
one of the early strongholds for the
clan. We had snow there Sept. 15,
so you w ill know that probably at.
all times, it was either a climate
that made the Hardy Scot or else-
they had to be Hardy to. survive it.
We went from there to Oban, a beau
tiful little place famous for its sun
sets, situated on the Firth o f Lome.
About three miles from here is the
Dnnstaffnage Castle, another ruins
and another stronghold of the Camp
bells, built in 1436. This castle went a
through many seiges and up and
downs of those historic times. The
Campbellsi carried with them to
Dunstaffnage, the famous Stone of
Destiny which at present forms the r
seat of the Coronation Chair in
Westminster Abby. This is said to
be the veritable stone which Jacob
had for his pillow when he lay down
to sleep on his way to Padanaram
The Scots, who are said to have orig-i
inally come from Egypt to Spainr,.
thence to Ireland and eventually to
Scotland, carried this stone- with
them. This was 327 B. C. They de
posited it in Tara’s Halls where it
was used as a coronation stone 700
years B. C. From there it was taken i
to Dunstaffnage Castle about 509 A.
D. It was eventually moved in the
13th century to London by orders of
Edward I. - He destroyed everything
Scotch ho could lay his hands on.f
but this stone was preserved withf,
awe and veneration and will be safe
from now on for ages to come. From
Oban had a 30-mile motor trip thru
the Pass of Melfort, passed Loch t
Melfort and Loch -Etive to Ardris-
haig where we took the steamer “Co-
lumba” to Rothesay through the
Kyles of Butte to Weymes Bay. This
was a glorious bit of scenery with
Arran’s' Isle in the distance, the hills
on either side purple with heather,
and our steamer seemed fairly to
nose its way through and around
the hills which seemed to be spring
ing up to stop our progress. With
oach turn a more beautiful and im
pressive scene awaited us, so we
were only delighted with these seem
ingly apparent obstructions.
Weymes Bay we took a train to
to Glasgow, returning through a
charming farming country back to
the city. W e had a varied and most
interesting journey by every mode
of conveyance. W e met such love
ly people everywhere. The, Scotch
people have a happy faculty of not
making one feel an outsider. Our
last day in Glasgow we visited the
Bella Houston Orthepedic Hospital,
a huge place covering i2 acres and
given over entirely to correction of
of deformaties, caused by injuries in
the war. There are 1200 patrons
and everything possible is done for t
the men. Electric treatments, mas
sage and baths with whirlwind cur
rents, enforced air suction, etc.
Every imaginable condition is met
and in many cases completely re
stored. There are also workshops -
in connection with it where the re
education of the men is undertaken
to prepare them' for new work in
life. On our way back to London we
traveled a long distance by tha
North sea. but I am glad to say we
did not see anything of the German
fleet. W e arrived back .in Brighton.
In one of the worst storms of the
season, but weather conditions look
more promising now.
Well, daddy, my letter is a budget
after all. If the censor lias waded
through this he is a sticker, or any
one else that finishes it,. but I know
you have plenty of time and won't
Your loving daughter,
Cox it Co., Indian Dept, 16 Charing
Cross, London, England.