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About The Independence west side. (Independence, Or.) 18??-1891 | View Entire Issue (March 8, 1895)
EOT GHANTUA DAXCKIX.
f noma told WW all BDOUt It. - .
; 1 J um so I couldn't doubt It,
Low the aanced, uiy gratulma danced,
How o bold, her ptvtty hod.
How hor dainty aktrt sho spread,
Smlilus UtU row. ,
How ah turned her UttU too,
randwa'a halt way bright and annny,'
Dimpled cheoka too, ah! how fuuuyl
Koally quite a pretty girl,
Blea herj why, she weara a cap,
Grandma does, and tsJtoa a nap
Ivory slutrlo day; and yet
. Orandiua danced Uio niiuuot
Long ago. -
Now alia aits there rocklus. rucking,
always knitting grauilna's looking;
fKvwy jftr waa taught to knit
Tot her figure la so neat
I can almost we hor now
Bonding to hor partner's bow,
Grandpa nays our modern Jumping,
Hopping, rushing, whirling, bumntug,
Would havo shocked tho goutto folk.
No, they moved with tauly grace,
Kvorythlng In prooer place;
Sliding slowly forward, then
Slowly vurteaylng back again,
.ySsv Warafella Keith uiar-
&5!r-S' rted Balak Carter. It was
a uiarriuse both of xjh.
dleuce and love, lu those
days, seventy years ago, a
woman must marry; she
must keep her hou and
bear her children; no other
areor wan pen to her. Tlio lot of
an old maid was indeed a dreary cue.
Tha unmarried woman lived abo.n
among hor relations. 8tie was an un
paid drudge and ate the bitter bread
f dependence), being forever told (no
natter if she tolled late and arlyl
that eho waa alnglo because no man
wanted to nmrry her. Theao remark
onatituted the staple of tho old maid's
let, and with th fear of It before
them, few women eald no to tho tl rsi
ultor. Besides, Garafella liked and
admired Balak In a certain sort of
way. lie was habitually silent, but
GarafeJia Uked a listener. lie was
' doubtless of a aurly habit, but tiara.
fella't sunny temper Ignored this. If
he exacted much farm-labor from his
young wife, her aboundlug health and
youthful vigor shunned it not. ami,
n tha whole, tho ilrstt ten year of
their married life did not resemble- th
course of true love, lu tlmt the fanner
After this came the period of atr.-s
Balak's silence changed to ills of
eloquent Tituperation at tha k-ast of
fence. Ilia surliness been mo black,
rlelous temper. His household had til
ways obeyed promptly at his slightest
word; now, with ludicrous celerity,
even a look, one 6t Ihilitk's black
looks, governed. If Garufclla wiffercd
under his iron hand, she suffered In
silence, for, though a woman who
talked a great deal, she told nothing
However,, it was noticeable that her
sunny hair turned, first a pale browu
ana tnen gray, nnn ner nena was
snowy white before she was fifty years
old. If any daring neighbor spoke to
Garafella about Balnk's ill-doing In
these times, for he quurreled with all.
relations, neighbors, strangers, she
never failed to reply brightly. "Oh,
hell come out all right by and by!
And It was unto her even affording
to her faith. Balak came out from the
shadow of the black cloud which had
darkened his life and the lives of those
who came in contact with him, and
became a member In good and regular
standltg of the Orthodox church.
From henceforth his scolding ceased,
and although a man of his tempera
raont could not. In the nature of
things, become beloved by nil at once,
ho kept tile peace except when any
matter arose which became with him
a question of conscience. In such a
case he never yielded.
Garafella attended a Baptist meet
; Ing one day and beard doctrines which
entered her inmost soul. She went
again and again, and finally, with
much Inner trembling, announced to
ker Orthodox husband that he felt
the need of immersion.
"Sartln! sartln!" was tho unexpect
edly complaisant reply. "I won i
stand In tho way of no means o' grace.
Garafely, for ye need It, ye need m"
Emboldened by this, (jarafelin fur
ther related that she had set the fol
lowing Sunday to receive the orill
ance In a small pond near tho house,
"No, ye can't be baptized till I say
so. i ll set me oay ana nave uie par
If Garafella suspected Satanic plan
nlnw, she had no recourse but to sub-
mit, for In those days truly was the
husband the head of the house, who
laid a heavy band on rebellion of all
Sabbath after Sabbath passed, fall
deepened Into winter, still the saving
rite had not been received by uara
fella; when on the bitterest day of a
bitter season, Balak had a hole cut in
the thick ice of tho pond, summoned
the elders and holy men, ami an
nounced to Garafella that now he was
ready to have his wife baptized.
He was an unfailing attendant at nil
church services and rose, when past
middle age, to the rank of deacon.
Honceforth he was Deacon Carter, a
title which he recognized with silent
but Intense satisfaction, and the duties
pertaining to his oflics he discharged
with conscientious exactitude.
At the Sunday morning service it
was customary to stand during the
long prayer, which was certainly some
times very long; and after a while
now It came about, I know not; per
haps weaker members of tho congre
gation rebelled a meeting of the
church and society was called, and
the question put as to whether the
listeners might not sit during this ex
erclse. It was put to vote and carried,
and in future all sat during the long
prayer, all but one, that Is. Deacon
Carter indignantly expressed his deter
mination to stand as he had always
stood, whether others conformed to
the new fashion or not; and his soli
tary figure la still remembered, rising
with the flrtrt words of tho prayer
while all the others sat, a gauntj gray
old man with deep-set, fiery eyes, re
maining on his feet erect, though
trembling, till the final amen; and this
practice he followed till the day he
Garafella always thought It a great
pity that she had borne Balak no off
spring. Stalwart sons and bonny
daughters would certainly have soft
ened that stern old man, for he was
fond of children, and In his way petted
and entertained them, his rigid face
changing materially when telling n
story or singing a song to his youth
ful listeners. Strangets who had Been
him only in his harsher moments lit
erally did not know him again, if
meeting him accompanied by a child.
One of his tales, a truo one, for
Balak was not imaginative and could
only hand down tradition as he had
received it, related to his grandfather,
who fought in the French and Indian
war. This hero's company went across
Lake George ahead of the transporta
tion train. A violent storm arose:
sleet and snow did their chilly best
and succeeded In preventing the sup
plies from crossing (the. lake. The sol
diers went wlthsut food for three I
days, at tho mid of which Unto a tree
full or blown down, th storm still
continuing, and In its fall killed an ox.
Tho soldiers of course seised the lucky
chance and ate tho unexpected meal,
even to the Mitral!, which won
cleaned, spitted, broiled over a tiro
and eaten as a great delicacy.
The same veteran was also lu the
Revolutionary war, and always re
lated with great auger aud disgust,
as reported by Deacon Carter, that
during a decisive battle ha was obliged
to serve in the rear guard and "never
got a ahot r
8out of Deacon Carter's songs, sung
only to ehildreu at long intervals, and
not to them If their elders worm with
in possible hearing, are still brought
to memory. They were growled out
In a sort of booming bass recitative,
with only a hint of time or turns, one
was a tale of the historic sivimrncnt:
"Twas (t tho coast with Admiral
W' set every stitch of sail.
W sidled at tho rate of ulno knot
And lu ten months reached his tall.
Another was a stirring ballad which
also breathed of tho sea:
"It oft-times has been told
That tho British sailors bold
Could tlog tho turs of From so neat
and handy O.
But they never found their match
Till tho Yankees did them catch,
Oht th Yankee tars for lighting uim
tho dandy O!"
This iutermlnablo ballad, describing
the capture- by tho Lulled State frig
ate "Constitution" of "tho tluenlerc,
that frigate bold." Is probably within
tho recollection of many living. Dea
con Carter rolled out the following
stanza with great gusto:
"The Biitinh shot grew hot,
But tho Yankees auswered not,
Till they came within a dbmuie ueat
and hiitidy )!
To tho weather gauge, boys, get
To make tho men tight better.
Ho gave them to drink gunpowder
mixed with brandy U!"
una other song of spirited tueuuro
and sly humor rau thus:
"Xow all ye British heroes,
I pray you loud au ear,
And all ye British tones,
Draw up and voluutuer.
WVro going to light tho Yankee boys
By water ami by land,
And we'll ne'er give o'er the fight
Till we contier sword In hand.
VVre tho gallant sous of Canada,
Coiuo to arms, boys, coiue!'"
This apparently treasonable song
whoa stttig by Deacon Carter, unfold
ed a satirical purpose It progressed
ami when. lu the last stanza, the Brit
Ub were quite overcome by the valor
ous Yankees and emld their song
rtiih tho Injunction. "Unit for life
boys, run!" the children' delight
know no bounds.
As years ikin-!!, r.nlnk s win, m
strong of yore, weakened, and (eopl
bfiritn to say to ench other, "How
much Ivaeon Carter shows his ace!"
It was then that tlie sorst, trial which
tiarafelia had yet exHtiritivd in her
married life came upon her.
Sleeping by her husband's Hide, ent
Ing at his table, she was as a stranger
to him. lie waned to aditri'H cotivi-r
tatlon to her. eyed ln-r furtively with
snaptcloiM glances and avoided her a
much as ossitle.
Going dwu the road one summer
day, ho spied his nearest uelghlsir
'neiullt'g a stone wall. The demon
(tupped and began relating his troub
"Xelchlior." said he, "ever since I
I'lned tho church I've tril to lie I
lod-fcnrlng man nnd one that think
th no evil. There's ft strange woman
to my house. Hlie troubles me a sight
She don't go away. She's evorywheri
In tho house. She she sleeps in my
room. I d'know but what the neigh
bori'll have to get together nnd tell
her to leave. She don't pay no atlen
tlon to anything 1 :iy."
Tho neighbor spoke gently am! pity
ingly, assured him of coming relief,
ind th deacon went on umevlmt
Ills mind was denr on nil points
ve this, but he could not reongnlZ'
Gradually the silent habit of hi
youth enmo upon hltn again. Whole
days would pass without speech of
;my kind from him, and (inrafelin, too
now talked but little In her old age.
A long, hard winter set In. Tho old
eouplo sat over the fire opolte irh
other day after day In ntter silence,
save when Gnrnfella In her old
cracked voice would raise a hymn, or
ioiiio kindly neighbor came in to see
that tho old folks were comfortable.
Sitting there one day, Garafella fell
asleep In her chair and awoke sudden
ly to find Balak leaning forward and
regarding her with unwonted keenness
of gaze. She sat er-n-t and returned
the look1. Surely his glance conveyed
Sho thrilled with instant presence
of a coming question nnd answer.
glow as of youth rushed through her
veins. She arose, moved close to him
ami said gently, "Balak, who 1m I?'
No answer, but still that steady gaze
which pierced her heart.
"Who be I?" sho repeated firmly and
"Garafely Kelih," Instantly replied
the old man with perfect eomiiosnre.
Her maiden name which she had
not worn for more than forty years!
Had time Indeed rolled backward, and
did Balak see, under tho disguise of
snowy hair and wrinkles, tho fact;
which had been sweet and comely to
him In his youth Sue turned aside t;
recover herself, and when sho spok
to him again, iter questions went ap
parently unheard; the mantle of
lence had onco more fall"tt uisiti him.
Nor was It ever lifted, A severe
storm came on a few weeks later,
and Deacon Carter Insisted upon goln
to and from tho burn through driving
snow and high winds to fulfil certain
farm duties, He was stricken down
with fatal Illness, and Garafelia's
faithful attention proved her death
blow as well. She died of over-cxer-
tloti two days after her husband, am
tho storm which deferred ills funeral
permitted Balak and Garafella Carter
to ba burled tho same day.
An aeolina harp is a very sltnph
musical instrument, which produces
harmonic sounds when placed in a
iirrcnt of wind. To construct one
Intended ttf bo placed lu a window,
make a box of very tliln cedar, pine
or other soft wood. Make It about
livo or six inches deep, seven or eight
Miches wide utid of a length just equal
to the width of tho window in which
It Is to be placed. Across the top,
near each end, glue a strip of wood
half an Inch high and a quarter of an
ncli thick for bridges. Into the ends
f the box Insert wooden plus, like
Shoso of a violin, to wind tin'' sitings
tround; two pins lu each end, .Make a
sound-holo in the middle of tho top
md string the box with small catgut
r violin blue strings. Fasten one end
if each string to a wooden pin In one
!snd of tho box, and, carrying It over
ho bridges, wind It around the turn
'ng pin In the opposite end of the box.
Tho ends of the box should be In
ireased In thickness where the wooden
'litis enter by a piece of wood glued
tpon tho Inside. Tune the strings In
mlson and place the box in the win
low. It is better to have four strings,
is described, but a harp with even
i Blngle.strlng produces an exceedingly
vwect melody of notes, which vary
with the force of the current of air
that vibrates them.
m Mm mi
Is Society Wiser in Its
Than the Nature That
A I'lea fur the Spinsters as Aentnst
the "Married Woman ami
(Ity lAdy Co., nee Tennessr C.
The riHirt for 1S!4 of "Uou Work
In Richmond. Kew, Brentford. Twick
enham, Stnuid-on-Uw-Green, Mort
(ska, BiWnes, and Islcworth," In eon
nocllmi with the "I sidle' s-lUon
f,r the Care of Girls Mothers of Nat
ural Children III Richmond and neluh
horhood," of which It. R. 11, the Duch
ess of Teck hi president, and the
Dowager Count"" Kull first member
of the committee, el one musing,
A ltd yet thre Is nothing pmiiopnici
about it. But It Is typical of resmte
rii.rts gvwrallly. It gives the min
imum of tnfomiMtl.m with the maxi
mum of plow redaction. Th follow
ing estrite-t. however, front the mat
Mil's note are chiefly responsible for
this article: "A., 1H, whs -nt to Rich
mond that she nlirht be away from
her old suHite In another district
of Irfundon. She had been a very
naughty irlii, and for in time gave
a great deal of trmible In the lbmui.
She determined, however, at length,
by tlod's help, to try to do better, A
lady klmtly engaged her to give Iter a
trial, and Is so well pleased with her
that sho hni mt two of her friend to
know If t have others like her, she Is
such a Bood girl." "II., 21. had a!
ws bwti a very resin tb Is ilrl and
borne a good vhuxsotcr, till she wss
wronged by her lover, In vonieuutnc
of which she was oast off by h.r rel
iloiw wo! thruwn out of employment
Naturally a delicate girl, the trouble
preyed upon her mind, and fr some
lime she was very low and d.nr !
Hut now that Is a thing of the past
she obeyed the mil 'Com unto Me,
till ye thai are wvsry and Ih-s y laden,'
tut J came sjhI found rest I lr friends
lav since reotttved her ssln, titid she
i l.u-k t her old place of buslmns.
with her heiurt full f thunkfutoci
i!inl for sll His goodness tu her."
lliere were ttfty-wtx othr -s, no
doubt fcimllar, nd we iutk.il oor4etves
whut wis the primary esuse tlutt t)nt'
young creivl uiw became iuti.'.T so
. the answer was. him rt hunger, Jlart
hunger! I le strungvt I'mvinj Im
(lUiiti'd In our sex, And nt(e exert
Ul Its skill in f.ihiimiiur us for It
gratlllcatlou. Consciously or unoon
sclously, all tho Impulse of titer bud
ding woman Imtsd her to love, ami hi'
orgunUulloti coiutplcuously iIoiuh tlie
puriKM of her bolng-motherhood. All
the fints that made her urge her to
fulill this mUodou, but when sh diK-s
so othorwlsH than in tho am-lety metb
od of her time and place, she become
at one a inlsorablo slutier, Is "cast off
by her relations and thrown out oi
umployuieut," and llnds lu-r way to tho
workhouse, to tho refuge for "lost"
women, or tho streets. Nature and
society are at variance on this point
On must te wrong. Which of th-m
is right? Dod or man?
Nature provides u maid for every
man, and a nutn for every maid, In
IHiint of numlM'rs the sexes aro a
equal as anything lu this world am
be. Yet lu England and Wale In
iwl only 33 per cent of the females
were wives, in every thousand &U
were (iMiisi.Ts. .s.-'j wive, ami to
widow. In every ten thousand wo
men -twenty year of age, 7,011 wre
spinst rs, Itu wive, and 1 widow. In
every ten thousand women X years r:
age, l.tlll aro spinsters, ami at tkl
years, I,0i5. 1 litis from 15 to (15 there
Is a huge proportion of women who
never become wlv, and from 13 to
'M the spitmters ouUiumlsr the wives
several tlnuw over. Altogether, there
r tnnrly nine millions. As men are
not bolleved to be continent, It fol
lows that, excluding Illicit engage
ninnls, wive and widows monosdl.e
them nil. 'J his agroi with observa
Widows aro more skillful anglers for
husbands than spinsters, and many
marry several times. This is a social
Injustice to tho spinsters, "One man
one woman," Is surely as fair a cry
as "One until ono vote," A there
scarcely ono man for each womitu
what tight has one woman to two,
three, or four men In succession? tsbu
amy reply, "By the right of conquest.
But then, Is sho not reducing other
to unhappy courses or to become ol
maids? Formerly sho would have
Dwn punished for blgiimy if sho mar
ried again. And although tho church
In oldou times was cruel In this mat
ter, we ls lleve tl was to some extent
right In asserting that It was Impure
for a woman to know more than one
man. Society, for tho Interests of nil
should discourage tho .re-iimrriage of
The married women, however, tire
much tuoio numerous than the wid
ows, and by fur the worst enemies of
the spinsters. For, not content, with
their own husbands, too often they
not only covet other women s spouses
but the bachelors ns well. Their pas
sion for conquest is insatiable. When
too mother behave thus, is It any
wonder there should bo "a revolt, of
tho daughters?" Thus one often hears,
"I can't go to tills ball;' there will be
t:o many married women." The ioor
girls have no chnneo against the wiles
of these experienced and desperate
diunes. Wo aro told by ('lemon of
Alexandria that "Thenno the Pytha
gorean made such progress in philoso
phy, that to him who looked Intently
at 'her, and said "Your arm Is beauti
ful," sho answered, "Yes, but It Is not
public." But Uio Bhauielegsness of
modern fashion command married
women to extMwo to tho public eye, not
their arm alone, but all their voluptu
ous ami matured charms, nnd they
oglo and flirt, dunce and loll about lu
a half-nuked condition, ,o doubt
ninny obey Innocently, as some of the
Adamites did when absolute nudity
was doiiiiunind from all their mem
hers when they met for worship, The
laws of fashion, as those of religion,
am omnipotent over their votaries,
But how can raw and Innocent girls
compote with the reekhwt during of
these experienced beauties, and at Hie
same time preserve their rctMitaition?
And 'tiHo are the same who dare
toll n modest and respectable girl at
tached to ono man only that 1t Is a
"disgrace" to have n child, though It,
bo tho offspring of pure nnd honest
ovo. These, too, are the society
hacks, well known ns Ht. Paul's, who
oiulemn thousands of botti-r women
to "single blessedness," so that at last
these tire urged to cry In tho anguish
of their lonely hearts, "Why was I
such a fool as to let society make me
childless?" The proverb eays, "Pre
vention Is better than cure," We pro
foundly respect the good woman nnd
benovolent ladles who labor to raise
tlio fallen, but there would bo less
noed of Rescue homes were nil mar
ried women honest and widows
loterred from re-marrying. Heart-
hunger would be then comparatively
unknown, for "each would havo her
own again." Philosophers tell us that
love refines mankind. Rescue socle-
tiet tell us tlutt maternity sntUlU and
oven steadies flighty women: and alt
know that It give dignity and moral
Issiuty to tho pure. Cldotoilo and un
happy girl ami sou ml and withered
old maid, who vogsiat their live
away and die unloved, "unwept, im
honored, and unsung," would httvo no
placo In a couimuutty 1lnt could lm
socially wlso a well a vlrtuou.
kuowlug what virtu ami wisdom
AN ARMKNIAN VILUUK.
An Armenian village Is a curious
Aggregation of huts, for regarding the
dwellings In nit architectural wiy,
they cannot bo called Iioii-m. Tlw
walls, which are seldom higher than
six feet, are inndo of mud and alone.
The roof of the house Join and Mope
to the ground lu ttch a fashion timt
they form a highway over which ent
tUt and people wander at will. The
roof aro imido of briiuche of tree,
nnd tho trunks tire used for pillar
to supisirt them, Tho Inside of the
houses Is blue with smoke, either from
the fireplace at ono end or cigarette
and plis', which every man smokes.
There are coarse felt carpet laid over
hay ou the llisii, and those are cov
ered on festal occasions with rug that
uro coveted article of luxury In the
outside world. Horse, sheep nnd
dogs are kept In audi close proximity
that It Is sometimes dlllleult to divide
which I the stttblo nnd which tho
house. Tho entrance niv dark, and
till aids tho delusion, But once Willi
III. tlie visitor will llttd both luwpllul.
Ity and giMid cheer, although It Is t
common saying tlmt every Ariui'iihin
ha written In tlie point of hi hand
this perverted text. "It I more blessed
to receive than to give."
The Armenian hostess nerve her
dinner In course, using tea, sugtr,
eggs, tclik, fowl and other civilised
food freely, with some dlslie not so
apiM'tlxtng; wine nod sweetmeat tire
plenty, and the cooking Is often so
very gisMl that the most ftis'.hll it
guest need not leave au Armenian
tblo In hunger.
clever Kxmsrrios of tub
Sclciililk Hcilurlious from a Student
of Meleorolngy oil High Bud
Let us again examine tho uorllt
magnetic (sde for further Information
to climatic changes. The writer
doe pot claim that the aim, mon and
pUitiiets originate storiti center, or
tho vuilou transient and Imiil high
And low barometer. These In-long to
the earth' magnetic system mid their
force and movements are affected by
Tint old orthodox meteorologist
,1111111 Unit a ieriH-!u;t! low baMuiMrr
surround tho geographical north o.,
niverine an ntva three to four thou
sand mile In diameter. They have
iirt.btthly been misled from ill! by
.Im fact that H arctic voyage muni
lie made" by passing through lite Ice-
'audio or ISehrlng , iierixdunl and
itatloiinry low barometers.
Kxplorer havo not gone near enough
to the north pole to determine whether
t has n iK-rpoHuil low temperature and
they have only Inferred that It Im
rhero are reason for Is-IIevliitf thai
tho north polo country doe md go to
oilier extreme or the barometer, but
tend toward a low In summer and
high In winter,
This brings up the Important point
or dlscim-dmi In tills bulletin, th1
'tn remoter of the north magnetic
Meteorologist have determined. In
t general way, tlmt low barometer
ovr North America nnd Asia during
iur summer sensou, or when the sun
I north of the earth' equator, nm
that high barometer cover about the
same laud surface during our wind r.
A to what part of North America
tnd Asia the ceiiteis of them itlienut
"ng highs nnd lows occupy tin re nr
inference of opinion, nnd a theory
viq not ti out of place.
Tho theory Is this: The sun' mag
netlo Influence on the earth Iran
form the magnetic lsdo Into n low
Imi'onii ter nlstut the Jst of April,, when.
the sun has fairly crossed to the north
,rn side of the earth' equator, ami
'tgaitt to high barometer about the 1st
if Oetobc.", when th Sllll llll crossed
to the nouih side of the earth' eqiut
All known fads are In accord with
his theory, nnd If future discoveries
"ouflrm tho theory, it will become
'muter of great Importance In meteor
One fact In support of this theory Is
tnat a high barometer covers three
I'oiirths of North America during our
winter and I central near Halt Lake
City. Nearly tho same territory Is
aovered by a low during tha summer
months, it Is not reasonable to sup
pose that these seinl-nmiual changes
could occur without similar changes n
little further north at the center of
tho Atm-rlcan magnetic north nolo.
These change In northeastern As'n
inmr the Asiatic north magnetic pol
tro more dellnltely located by uieieor-
uogiHts, but proiuibilll'es are that
h!-y have lira led tho ei-nler of tin
ii'iMl-annual high ami low too far to
he soiithweHtwai'd lu northeastern
Vsla. The theory would place the
enters at the ceiiier of the north mag
loth; polo near where the (loth parallel
l latitude crosses I h" I.elia liver.
Another facts bears out this theory,
On tho norm of th- -Hull parallel of
iiuititiio lu the Chinese empire and
eastern Hibeiia tho winters me vastly
more severn than In tlie sumo latitude
lu America. Till rnti Im accounted
for only on the theory that ilio tiortii
magnetic poles In America mid Asln
form high barometers In winter and
the Asiatic, polo being live or six de
grees further south than ours In
America would nccoiint for tho cold
of northeastern Asia, extending further
lotttu than on this eoiilliionr,
The reader will bear In mind that
the central portions of the transient,
the seini-iiuiiuiil nnd the peritctuol
ow barometers nre center of warm
and tho highs are centers of cold ureas,
III tho highs tile nlniOHiihore descends
and In the lows ascends.
Tho only permanent nnd nernetnal
oaronieters are the rour hlglis that
cover tho north and south Atlantic and
Paciilc, the lows that lie along the
equator on the great oceans nnd the
Icelandic and Bclirlng sea lows.
Asia, Africa, Hon In America and
North America each have lows during
tholr summer seasons nnd each have
highs during tholr winters. The lows
follow the sun nnd the highs take the
opposite hemisphere. Prof. Foster.
AVI AT IS KliECTIUClTn
It Is often easier to name tho source
from which a well-known thing 1 de
rived, and the effects it Is capable of
producing, than to explain what It
really Is. Hence tlio dllllculties which
have attended all attempts to define
eleetrlclty aro not without nrccdwit
or parallel. Farndiiy. Franklin, Max-
woli, HorU nnd others have contrib
uted largely to our knowledge In (his
field, and our Impressions of tlio sub-
loot have undergone more or less
hnngo; but today we nre onnnrentlv
h far ns ever from a distinct, positive
uuiorstnnaiiig of the truo nature of
his mysterious agent Professor
Rowland discusses "Modern Theories
of Electricity" la Engineering Mnga-
Kbut lu nn liiMligsnt, If not aaUsftW
Wy, way, U-i. u b" h- u
to offer us ucgnnv l fresh prob
lem. ... ii
RocogiiUltiit His trammels tr trtull
tlon, and renllsiug that ho wnot or
for anything very tuuglbla In thtf
pluco of what lie lakes away, b eo
I'lwsea that "w cannot fre ourselves
from these old theories, and exactly
tut cur word to our meaning-" At
th very ouiet, he linwta that "tlwr
I uothlug moie certain tislay thinj
that clijtrlcliy is not a fluid," ami
pronounce the term "electric curetii
"uiiforuiiinta" Ami then be lio
ihl Just as New tun reqiilrtHl the
Uleiu o of au ether, lilting ail wee, tu
uciHiuut for tlio forca of gravitation,
so we must Join Faraday In prup
HMdiig that nam medium ns 'ucrtiiii
for nil the electric and imiKinilh! Hi"
tlon wo wlUiess. That tlieeo act Ions
Hi'ttr aloiuf what wo call 'Hue ot
forco" or "iuo. of fon-o" has long
Inku known, Maxwell's calculation
a lo tlie elvtro iugoliO nnltiie M
light and lis tiiiiisiiitslott lit wave,
wonderfully coiiiliiiied by the demon
tmttou of Herts, render the illn
sttll more necwuotry to the soltitlott of
the problem. But th question then
arises, how can "lines of forco" flr!e
In the i her? What I the ether, any
how T 8 w!ft as light ami electricity
am In their movement through !,
tiioir liHiruev from tho sun to tin
earth reqiilnsi apprtvlnblo tliiH-elghl
lultiuto, st least; while gravMnlloii
aet Instnitiannously, That Is on In
explicitblu Inconsistency, Mtirwiver,
the ether ds-s not retard the isrgn
of heavenly bislle moving through It,
nor Impede tint light ray from ntorv
distant objivl which p neor to
ptuiiet that mluhl be upjHM-d to si
inut It, In luyer denser than th
average, rotiml tliem, Apparently,
theti, tho ether I w Itlioot weight, and
w aro forced to conclude: "Kther,
then, 1 not matter, but something
iqsoi which many of tho prtqwrtie f
matter depend. Wlre I the
gtmlu who will give u no edicr thm
will recimcll ail the plteinmieiia with
if IS NOW THE NIMOX-KttANK FAO
This Mvlslon over lite Sew CJly Clitir
ter May l.oset lib f John
Minlo Ills Head.
I'l.rtland. March 6tli.-t'tieajr ret
Dm bend that wear a coiiitiiisstoinr'
crow it these day of umwtnl-tty. The
high state of cestui If JnblliUioii la
Which the vuiiotw hold-over isiimills
slonet n tiiriuHl from Mnlctu after the
hglstuture ailjourtiisl wliinoit eltcllug
their successor ba given place to
nervous apprehension. Home of Iheii
wlnh now that the money spent In eel
. biiuicg lio lr gistil link bad bs i
v. l let tin- rainy day that may f
;. iuo goviiiior's dei'lstoa In Hi"
mailer,' or for the second celebration
tin y will li. called ojsni lo wake lu
otiso It kIioiiIiI prove timt Hoy cannot
Im disturbed In piwsenslon of their of-li.i-s.
They have nil taken legal ad
vh-o and prote to have m f tir of l!u
result, but tbee professions are I i
strung copmist with their cdi no
ivnin of spirit last wis k. Fish ant
t lame Frob-eior Mit!ulr' case ill!
for from the other tu the fact tit; l
iti-w law was passed providing fir
nn olltc r with that title In theexa.t
language of the old law. This coir
plicate mill ten. because It might be
construed to Im the ( renting of a he ."
ftfttiv, thereby creating a va. (im y
which tint governor could (III. Frletic
of Mr. MeKtiiri! and friend of tho n'.
limn industry would be plcasst! to e
Idm retain ilie oitlce, for be bn mm e
vigorous effort to enforce the defi"V
tlvo laws ami hi experience, would be
ralituble to the state. The only eri -Imiii
hoard I by sportsim-n. who tlili k
ho bn pniil li much ttitcrttloti to mi
nimi nod not enough to game, h it
those who sen Ju salmon n roitoe
worth several millions of dollar a i
nunlly to the state and in game litl e
mom tliiin tlie sport of a few Individ
imK will bo of the opinion that Mr.
MrtSnlM "hath chosen the better
part" and will Approve of bis git Ing
ihe preference to the Interest of most
importance to the stale,
Tho rupture between Senator Hluwii
and Mayor Fran give promise of a
Midy overhauling of Ihe city otliclal
list. Those who have said that lite
mayor had no huh is-odeuco or buck,
isme will Hud out their mistake. It is
:ui itiluiltied fact that when appoint
ments were made lu the city service
last summer the special adherent of
Mr. HImon were cured for and their
activity during the campaign In his
I nt rests rewarded. Hliuon'a effort
through the proposed charter to tukJ
power out of the hand of tlie mayor
and n-jMiso It lu o board undc bis own
dictation cut I'm nued the mayor nnd nil
tlio city elective oltlcers and they are
now nil vigorously antl-Hiinoti. The
natural comiushui is that those lu tlh
appointive olllces who are stronger
friends of Ninon than of the mayor
will be retired to private life nnd Ihe
mayor' friend appointed to succeed
them. Tills menu several- member
of the (ommiNslons nnd men on tlio
police and tire force and In the olllces.
Whether John Mlnto Is to bo Included
in the list Is a matter of speculation.
Ilo Is recognized its till unexcelled
chief of police and 1ms always been ti
witrin friend of tlie mayor.' He was
Simon's candidate for sheriff uml was
apisiliitmi through him, but the mayor
is under obligations to him for Ills
conduct during the campaign ami It
I believed he will recognize till nnd
retain M 1 n ti i, and nt, the same time
avoid the danger of dlsorgunlxlng the
force by appointing tin untried iiuiu.
I'ortlitnd Is to havo a trial of woninn
suffrage la tlio election to determine
tho question whether toll shall b
charged on the bridges or not. It Is
to be determined at, the school elec
tion mid ns all taxpayers, regardless of
sox, are doctor of the school district,
the woman taxpayers will have tin oil-
porttinlty to say whether tolls shall lie
charged or not. While this may n it
bo a great woman's rights victory, n
great many who tire not taxpayers bit
use tlie iiridge will have to sulin It
to a lo ot franchise on this subjcit,
while women who do not use the n
will be pcrmlltcd to vote. If there In
any gratification In excluslvcncHs, ti ls
ought to be highly gratifying to thuo
women who plno for the franchise ami
are fortunate enough to bo In tlie f i
vorod class In t)l Instance,
HOMKU AMI JULIET,
Snn Francisco, March S. Among the
passengers on the steamer Ooltimlna
which arrived tailtty from Fortlmd
were Willie llrown nnd Noma llogis.
youlhful elopers from Albino.. Al-
though tho steamer was sen relied ht
rate relative before It sailed. M'is
Hoggs was 1) found, but when tin
ship was safely outside tho Columbia
river she appeared on deck nnd 1nln"d
her lover. V t I: the parting of friend
tho elopers traveled In tho eteeragp
uui nan a .oyrui timo ou tho wnv
down. It Is understood they will m'
HEAVY MINING DEAL.
Yrekn, Onl March 2,-An lmnortnnt
mining snle took place today by which
Washington nnd Oregon capitalists de
posited $25,000 In cash In the Siskiyou
county bank In favor of Qulun & Sim
mons for the George Simmons nlucor
mine near Yreka, T. J. Nolton of Se
attle consummated the salo.
WM TAX HEVK
Tho New Law Is Amply
Dttall of iii System il U OprTttlolii
Ai.lN tt ludlvlduaU ml
ami lo Oorporatloii.
A letter has !) re4ved by th
Kutt-itHMt from a buetnes tr.an. mk'
lug hmulrli csic'ViiIng tha oper'loti
of Cut lieo-us tX htw untU U a of
Aogiwl S, lS'll. liaumnocb an einer
lntitHMt hav Is en mde along til
Mn 5too a rei-ertiv of Ui
Siatw.mtn UM wsurton yesterday to
;,s.h tli ma'-fr up. th a-m''-'""
"n.u: l'irh U th exemption of fl.
L (Ml atluwml lo lttdlvldu.t. catended l
Hirsw,Hiitf Kmsswl. 1 if't 'r
IM.ro.tbMt exemirt th mun a an In
dividual ami ihs-efor d mt hvto
Py svuy liinun tax If their net in
com dw t excewl fJI.otSl?
Thr r two bUiitsa fortilshd by
ths t'iU(Ki K'ste governowr.t, through
tho internal r wriuu MaeUrJ one for
Individuals, and one for ''"'
In tMlr to answer th inqulriep of our
r-.lr folly It will he iwsts wy toglvt
thoi srxHloo trf lh new law beortng
on iKth ts-lvat A oirporti laxwtion
atsler the new tow.
8eti.n '."7 of tl Wilson bill, which
.M'i4 a lsw. nails as Miow,'sd
(m n lb iilnl In regard U th In
eome taa u Hat to trttivldui:
"8ettitt 2T. That fru and after
tha firs dy of January. W3. al un
til the firs dy of Jmiry. !!. thi
shall b aii, lvid and coBectfld,
Slid s.td SWlUAlly uqoo tK Jiwt,
prifli, and bteom re'vel In the in
idling mlendr ymf by viry cttUrtt
of th t'liiM Hlstss, wtiether residing
Ht leoite or ltrid, and tvery prm
rmul!ar therein, whisner mid gain,
prortta r Ummw he dHvel from ny
kind if pniiifty. refit, iitert, dlvb
dptidst, of stun., or tfn ny prfi
nhm, trad. efityiocn, r vwatkm
carried on In the Foiled Suite or el
whnre. tsr from any other uv whst
ever, a Ux of two per etotum on tii
iMtuojiu no derived over sod above
(l. and a Ilk tux l ll t levied, col
leclod. and ptld miulty Usn lit
rilivs. jiroflt, sod liexene from all
iro;-rt owned and of every busln,
i nul e. or prof-4m rsrried on In th
I 'lilted Kiate by person riwitdtcg with
out the Filled Sistos. And Ihe tax
,H-r-' nvl4d f nhail be wcs4 by
the isfiimlsiwnr of loti-rojU revenue
mtd 0.1II w iol Mini nid um th gsUn.
.t.lH, and bfo-n fc the year ending
Ihe 'M dy of Ibv-etHljer next pr
ciNtlog the tun for lev ring, collecting
nd jylng s.ii-1 tax."
H. 'tboi ill of tiii law at lea that all
lrMui having n In isne over ;,.VI
per annum must mske returtw also to
the lutrrnil revenue i)ttor. Ttir
opanint cl-tu of this acvtbHi whlih
relate to t' i i follow:
Mm-U. ?, That It shall be th
leiy t all poeson of tewfol hav
ing ait ineoine of mr limn f 3.NKI for
the taxbte yeir, computed on th
bajds herein pns.Ttbel, t riraka Slid
r-nder o tut or r -turn, cm r Is-for Ih
d iy pr vi'ted by law. In such form and
m toittf ts, may t dlwfl tiy tho com
iiiisfimier of th intTial revi-iioe, with
the ipe.al of the trn iBr? of the
ir.-aury. to the ixi'.bs-i.ir r a depuiy
colWutor if th district In which liit-y
reelde, of the mount of their loeoin,
gsla- and (iroftt, n nfiwwsald."
The rris giiin. profit and Incomes
retiu-tiod by pm shall tm-lude:
I, tiross pnflii of any ,irsdr,lus;nrst
or vi-tl'n whersver carried 101,
2. Heot received or accrued during
:i, l'io:tu om !es of r- Al tjt.i
lor h icd within two years,
S, Money and value of all jer,'.l
!'rojr!y aiuird by gift or Inherit-
U. Preiiiiunis on bond, stocks, fsde
ftml c niixuK.
?. IiMmia from trn.de or profewiun
not by ststed salary and not hmlo
H. Inan sla.ry or c nifieiwwtlon
other than Ut received from th
. Undivided gsUn and pniflts of
I". lntt!-it tmiivel er accrued from
till itoi-s, bind or other securlUe.
U. Iutmt on bond or ooupon
latd of any corporation.
12. IHv-W.md fr.ii corporation.
I I. ln" ne of rlf or minor child or
I I. All other sources of Incom not
Tha dcdueUons slowed on the return
mm men m enumerated are
1. l-'our UiuuMiid t1l.ll.tl MV ,,t.1 ... I...
2. Interest due and paid within Uw
a. National; state, county, ach.tol and
iiuinhtipal taxw raid, nt it oludlng a.
aoMsmeiita fix Imal bwieflUi.
4, Amount expciubnl in purchase or
produottun of HVBSllsk ir pruduc jld
wiuun lbs yt-iir, ;
5. Neeeswry txp'cns specified by
llema aotuuily incurred In carrying on
any busliii.fi or trade.
ti. 1.OMS0B aiHuaJIv siisin.iiii ,ii
the year apwlfled.
7. Actual lusgi. otl ,,al(8 of re((J efl
ta.t purchase 1 within two years.
S Debts contacted and ascertained
In the year to he ncrthlts.
i). Salary or oompenaathm over $(,,
(HHI from which the tax of 2 per cent
would bo withhold by disbursing of
fleers of the government.
10. DlvUhm included In the ea-Uma-te
of gixws nrofit fe.011 m,...i
KhL'h tho ten iter ctnt. tux haa been
iwld by mioh coi-jwraticna,
Six-tlon 112 of tiii new Income tax
law will more properly cover tho point
ruined by the Mound City Inquirer.
Tha first section of that piu-agranh
reads aa follow; , 1 '
32 Thftt there shall m -ssod,
lPvl-d and coHoc4od, except a
herein otherwise provided, a tax of
per centum annually on the net profits
or Inoomo above amtual operating and
bualncm extvn, hicmdln expense
for material purchased foe ntanufue.
uira or ootiK'ht for re-ile. Inane. nd
Intoroat on bonded and other indebted
niua of all banks, banking institutions,
t ust mmpanleo, tavlnga institution
flro, nuirtne. life, am1 other lnHumn(
ntntpaailwi, railroad. cmtaJ, turnplkV
cmnal navigation, si,wk water, tele!
pltona. tohwuph, express, electric
Wit, rfU? WatW mwsH railway com
PMi ea. nnd all other corporation.;, con .
an e or .ittons doing bualnw. f"r
1'roflt in the United Stales, no matter
how created or organized, but not hi,
oludlnsr partnemhlps." m 1
Hoctlon a5 of thi iw which beers
unoa tho levying ot the Income tai
J0'lTtm rea,1s aa fHowa:
n 8S. lTivt every corporation
srss tor2nottn i3Ss
tor profit shall make and render to
tha collector of ,, .viw.w a !..?
on or before th flo m' JT. 7. M'V." K '
each year. win. . ' ZJ"
iuok . " 'io nm year
Ih'Ja, a full return. vni iJlL
or affirmation, In such form na Z
commlmlonor of te?n, t ;h.e
proacrlbo. of all the following t
ft the whole calendar year last S
cod ng the date of ,cU UZrnV 1
1. Tha gross profits of nvtch coma
ration, company, er asaoclotlon, fi'
III klads of tuslw mm
ami uature. u
. A . .-u.ia.iion. wl'
a Tha e proms 01 w . " t;
. " " "Z . ......IttHoll. without
turn, ciniwr. r
allowaiicsa for InUTmU ftnU,u'' "r
illvldeitdi. . .
' Ttia amount paid o
iitorl, auntiltlc, ana
la salaries of
l,,gl r ! to each pera-rti Hy4
"IL Tho aniouni pai " "--
tlioro uiaw i.w 1--" .
ployed., and th
ach of audi perwii i
paid each." .
Tha risa profit Include.
1. All profit of auy trado or bttsl-
"T" latercat or roinwti from t tid
or other securities of any corporation,
a Dividend rcelvcl frow auy r-
lM4atUo.'llvldisl prodta of wrr
tl'r,'t Frcttdum on bond, nob or
d. !mmllm or isTcentng.
7. Intsntit en ovrnm ut awut tie
not xempt by law.
8. Hotid end curitl
P. 1'ioilt from ! of
10, I'ruui rent,
ll. 1'roflt from ail otpr ou d,
. . ...,.-ni,.,i
Tha js;rcsniae lenj shall in
clude: '. .
1. Iutt-rct paid on lstdei or 1 !hei
llldebieilltes of i' h cn"ratlmi.
2. Issns actually sustained d rlrg
the yi-ar, whldi must I"' "l'nr !')
tnteit aud fully d.wrlleMl as to e tw.
daw and amount.
it All lax actually !'
4. rialnrle and W of dlbvn m'
emidoyea actually paM Irl th
5, Itenta and nwpsary rinr .
. Alt oilier necessary P "
which tuust be Itfinlwia f""; '
plain! In th return.
Tho net protli hsll Iwlttdu:
1, Alt amount paid to atoehbn (h r.
2. Tho amount of uitdlrl.l p.eli
on hand or carried to atiridua of any
a Amount of net iroflta uwd for
construction, enlargement or Improve
ment of plant
4. Ail oilier Mpeudlturea or Invest
mtt from th nrt proflia,
Whllo Individuals who net profit
or liicomo d' not eieeed f 'J.oi'1 r
aneuiit r nt wpiire by thi law
lo uiako a rulurn to tb government,
every corttorstluii must do no matter
what It Income or profit may be. If
It 1 it'dllg a lonlllg bHsllt-s It ltlt
limke Us ridtirn, hut of cottrwo If ihcre
I no net profit r Income, hr could
lot u laa colltisl,
Tho exemption of $U allowed lo
per os 1 not xtendel to wtirji
ilons, but tho return must cover all
lint proflta without exemption.
Neither a person or a cnnttHn
ly a tax mi anything but their to t
profit or Income. If a --ron loafee
jit.ti a year and hi oxprit I f;i,(io.
he would not lie subject to taxation
ender tb tnw law. Attorney hold
also that if a uwo draw a part of hi
Ineotiie from any coriHirathtt dividend
that lie shall not b taxinl doubly and
coiodled to pay a personal Incom
tax on that niinsml which he 1 com
polled to jsty by nitsoo of being a
stockholder or uarvboldr la th cor
An Inconsistency or IrremilaHtjr In
tho nw law ha nlwady been t ctv
cred ami It rata- a crlu ln thsl
wliitfn SjsII probability tet soots r or
later ilia contltiitIonaJHy of tl It
isni tat law, Th law state plainly
that where a limn' net profit or In.
come la les than f l.iao a year he
h ill pay no liicoino tax. Hut if h
nioghlMor risi lvi- one dollar n t lit
come or profit from hi Investment la
any kind of a corporation, com lati;-,
or association, lie mimt iiy tw je r
cent IttcTitiie tast annually th-reoi.
Learned attorney hold that thh ttl -erlmlnnilon
U tinetinsitttitlonal onl
tlmt the court will, when the 1st
made, hold It o.
The new Income tax law ha nlWy
Iieoitie a subject of much at ltd; , mt
only on the part of the people hi t II e
lawyers a well.
Iioorvs PII.1.8 ar ay to tk,
ev In set ion nnd sum In effect 2T
. L. Kally.
City Livery Stables.
Stylish Turnouts Alwavs In Readiness.
Having lately purchniMHl tie mil iutwst in the staMm of rotcr
took, we are now better pr mrcd ihitn er to meet Uie demaudsol
:he public as we are now mn tirtjc a id are preparing to make many
snlwtantlal, improvenipntH. Tiaiut boarded by the day or montk
Independence Tailor Shop
T. LAYTON JENKS, Proprietor.
lieiitlsiiis!! s Cling
Draying - and - Hauling,
DONE TO ORDER.
Charges Low and Prompt Service.
.0,, w, a .,r u,.m on thr Mrsai, ,4
anil rtanu esrrfiilly moved.
IjJ!yjSSIE t ti
4 HaathaftottCemplata 4
PRICES THE LOAgRT.
A.. W. rktolcsteader.
(Suooe- ,or 0
City Truck ac.ll Traasfer Do.
Haullns flow at ltuU ' '
HKDff.TION CAr. JIKTTLfD.
Two Willing White May On It
es-tcd J ostler.
fnltn, or., Ilsrth 2-Th nm $
Dm slate v. Un Caving
wherein tba ihfendaot wa rhw4
wllb alw"tho and uim ti trut
funml rulHy, w settksl thi g.
noon t' tlie defendant marrying u
girl ad payls ler tha sum of n
for tl aupport of ttwdr child Tfa
ceretit ny ws performed In oairt
jtxU" re, Th young nu n, iIWf
uml j ditisou. who appeared a i&
neswM In tha slsira ca to fiimlil
pllui Pf dBtusgln t tha charseu
of tlM; pros'-cutlnit wlittw. hv
Indict 4 by h fraud Jury am
admitted lo ball In lb uin f f
Wrtl.h AN'T1IKU riltE,
Till ' e I In s Thrfvtng Kumt
Xtii'ia, Ksa., Mr. 3 . 3 a. m.-A im
rl.10 I re Is r!n In Us lntairm puf,
U rtt tf tide city, Alrsady f sj g tin
,h Mt tUt k ar In ruir and j uj
liquet ar flghung hendmliy. )
10 thooah all Ot west i4 4
4, r' avonus frotn tha ow 1,1
11 rth U Imn avnoa will go up in ih
1 in. Th fir ha conaum4 Uj,
0 sr W k, tha CJrwf Vkn k. th Ms.
mc isioja and I nw t th Cnj
C itrl hM, Th bset m fr I nm
V .( .
4-imtn ( s4 MmmiU MolurUt
East and South
The SHASTA Route
Southern Pacific C
f sUfiirnl m.r trsin run dullr,!' rt!ia
m au ststMits Iwismi I'oniamd sod AiUji,
tf, r. iT.y.
IWIliind At.. iiis
va r. . I l,V. A Ar. x
i.tt.u JAr. Hsn Krii-i-x Uv. :j r, a
Raburt Mall ''j '
Pftiilnnit .... tcm a. a. ', fbssstmni ... ,tmr.
ltiswi.ou....T.xs.a,jnittf ... t4.s.
Eg Cars h0m Li
I L'I-LMA.V IlVFtKlT BLEEl'EIffl
t4cwiid-,las Weeplna Cam altaclwd
to all through train.
West Side Division.
Satwaan Portland and Cervtllii.
Wslllmln dally (.xcrpi Kunil.j,)
1 ml t lrtisoil a r
lt,-l. m I Ar....ntrM-nlrtnAr
lil&l I Af . .rih . . I
154 I M
At A twijl and Comma, ertnnnrt vtia UmlM
Krnr 1-selfle rsilfus4.
rrvsa trsln 411 t wpt Haadar)
I ' ! n.'i 1 t.. PorilHtid
T 44 p ni I A r.csmivH liMft
OraBonlan Railway Olvisiea ana
i Portlana and Yamhill Ry.
Airli mall Tri-wcekly,
"fmm m I l.v JIT. l-ortisld" 17, 1 V p m
f ' P "t V MollllKWIh I.V. ?-!
I 6 p nt I A r.. ..AlrlM..... i, (;
Throuth II. bu mall p. On Is In Ih FJw'on
KlstM. nl. anil Knn, en bs oblalod
fmm r. M bl lVilt, Aeoi, tudi-ioaru
ft. K'JKHI.KR, K.P.KCKH-KS,
lsnsirir, -Awl. . r. a I'ata. lit
W. H. Ry
M & ROY Proprietors.
Made to order in any
stjk A iH'rfwt line of
amples always ou hand
W B. Euci
l(!aVl, ofdvn ,
' nt tli J'alno Hotel. Furnltn
WORK THE BEST.