Image provided by: Independence Public Library; Independence, OR
About The Independence west side. (Independence, Or.) 18??-1891 | View Entire Issue (April 13, 1894)
THE WEST SIDE.
;u. H. J,jtTLAD,CUter,
Vest SM3 PuMtshing Company
r&TABL IB ADtASCfc
.-All miuninr ond th nottw not x
IB. av llnw will be )nmrld ffw. All over
v line will b elmnrwl v wnl f Mi
Bwl.ty obituary twotulkm. will b phm
tor M tli rW ul Bv uU pr Uu.
IWtMrrwl l th. PonUiBlo In Itdu
dnK Oron, u Moood-cl inatteh
FRIDAY, AHUL 13, ISM.
DISCONTINUANCES .rUmmlr that tl'
pubUhenof tliL paper mut t notifled by
letter when ft lubtwrttar wthii hi pnpr
itoppd. All rrrr mutt b ptd.
ALWAYS OIVR THE NAME ot the p
olflc to which your wiper In wnt.
muncmn not be (bund on our book, unl
thl I dune,
AIXt.nTrns ihfmld be addressed to th
KT &IDK, ludviwudence.
Conntj publican TUkct
Ira 8. Smith, of Monmouth,
D. L. Keyt, of rerrjdale.
II. B. riumnier, of Dallas.
B. F. Mulkey, of Dallas.
IT. B. Cosper, of Dallas.
For School Superintendent,
0. E. Hutchlueon, of Dallas.
C. W. Beckett, of Eola.
Edgar Colltua, of Dallas.
Dr. E. L. Ketcuum, of ludi'pemU'nce
For Juntto. of tli Peace,
J. D. IRVINE.
J. H. Moran, of Monmouth.
A MARVELOUS PltOGIlFSS,
The census of manufactures for
1890 bas at last been compiled, and
the bulletin in which its results are
published is most convincing evi
dence of the benefits of protection,
Bay the New York Tribune: It if
no longer strange that democratic
officials have hindered the publica
tion of these results as long as pos
sible, and have subjected them to
rigid scrutiny and overhauling by
free trade experts, in the hope that
ground might be found for sup
pressing or materially altering them.
What alterations have been made
since the original returns were com
piled is not yet known; there is
evidence that in some cases the ex
perts employed to compile statistics
of manufactures were urged and
virtually ordered by democratic
officials to alter their figures. But
since the Hon. Carroll D. "Wright
took charge of the bureau, his rep
utation as a man of impartiality
and fidelity has warranted th) belief
that the returns would be published
without further distortion, and the
manufacturing figures now made
public will doubtless be accepted
on his authority as veracious com
pilations from the returns. These
show au increase from 1880 to 1890
of 120.76 per cent in the capital
employed, 65.74 per- cent in the
number of hands, 131.13 per cent
in the wages paid, 47.77 per cent
in the cost of materials, and 69.27
per cent in the value of products
It will be noticed at once that the
increase in wages per hand must
have advanced remarkably during
the decade. The average in 1880 for
all employes was $347 86, and in
1890 it was $485 10, showing an in
crease ot per cent, this is
gratifying confirmation of records
which have been from time to time
quoted by the Tribune, as thcpe
show a larger increase during the
same decade than was disclosed by
the much more limited comparisons
embraced in the report of the senate
finance committee. From I860 to
1880 the two records substantially
agreed, making the advance in
wages of manufacturing and me
chanical hands a little over 40 per
cent. It is not surprising that a
democratic administration was slow
in giving out the information that
a gain of over 39 per cent had also
been made during the last decade,
Commissio ier Wrght takes care,
indeed, to call special attention to
the fact that the figures included
for both dates the wages of officials,
firm members and clerks, number
ing in 1890 426,139 less than a
tenth of the whole and a separate
statement is now given of the, wages
paid to other employes, 4,049,955
in number, wnieh averaged in 1890
444 19 for each person, including
men, women and children. Of
course it will be perceived that no
change that can have occurred in
the wages of only a tenth of the
whole number of wage-earners,
whose wages were about ft sixth of
the whole, can account for the grout
advance in the aggregate.
The increase in value of products,
again, was little over half the in
crease in wages paid. This wits
because the prices of commodities
were decidedly lower iu liiM) than
in 1880. The actual decline, as
records prove, was uearly 20 per
cent, so that had the $9,054,000,000
worth of products in 1890 been
valued at the prices curreut in 1880,
the aggregntcwould have been about
$11,075,000,000, and the increase
in value of products would have
Ikhju about 107 per cent The
hands employed, therefore, gained
in two ways,iu the amouut of wages
received, and in the increased
purchasing power of their wages
measured by cost of the things pro
duced. The hands earned enough
to buy H per cent, of the things
produced in 1880. But in I860 they
earned enough to buy almost 24
percent of the things produced.
So great a change for benefit of the
working people has probably never
been realized in any other decade.
A striking illustration ot this
change is found iu the fact that the
product of the flour and bread
making Industry, and of the iron
and steel industry, including
foundries and machine shops, wire
and wire-working, were about the
same in 1880 aud iu 1890, namely,
$371,010,608 for the flour and bread
coucerus, aud $570,292,442 for the
irou-working concerns. But in
1890 the value of product of flour
mills and bakeries had only raised
to $612,393,009, but the value of
products of the iron-working estab
lishments had risen to $1,012,609,
602. The obvious reason is that
the cost of flour, the chief product
of the grist mills, was from $4 70 to
$8 75 per barrel in 1880, but only
$3 05 to $6 per barrel in 1890, so
that a barrel for each inhabitant at
the highest price each year would
have cost about $432,000,000 in
1880, but only $372,000,000 in 1890
The products ofjthe irou works also
declined gmilly iu price, pig iron
from $28 50 to $18 40, steel rail
from $67 50 to $31 75, and nails
from $3 68 to $2 !er keg, but the
production nevertheless increased
so enormously that the value ol
products nearly doubled. It may
instruct free traders at Washington
to note that in tlour we have tin
whole world for a market But in
iron products we have only the
protected American market, which
is the largest and licst in the world.
. The nominees of the rebublicau
aud democratic parties are all well
known in I'olk county. They are
the best men of each party and the
two tickets each have elements of
strength which make it dillicult to
make any comparison. Owing to
the crowded condition of our
columns we Khali not make individ
ual mention of the several candi
dates, preferring to do so later.
New York and New Jersey piled
up another big repulican majority
last Tuesday in municipal elections
in Albany and Lockport, New-
York, and Jersey City, New Jersey
and other places.
People who have occasion to
travel over the roads in Oregon
just now should be selected as del
egatcs to tne roau convention in
Salem next week.
What do you think of the three
tickets in Tolk County; that of the
populists, the democratic and re
There are two strong tickets in
the field this year in Polk, that of
the republican and democratic par
REPUBLICAN STATE TICKET.
We herewith give the nomination of
the state republican convention np to
time of Kniiijf to prima:
For Governor W. P. Lord, of Mar
For Secretary of Btate-H. It. Kin-
cald, of Lane county.
For State Treasurer Pbll. Metochan
of Grant county.
For Hupretne Judge C. E. Wolver
ton, of Lane county.
For Attorney General C. M. Idle
man, of Multnomah county,
For Superintendent of Public In-
Btructlon G. M. Irwin, of Union,
First district Dinger Herman.
Second district W. R, Fills.
Member of State Central Committee
from Polk county, E. T. Hatch, Mc
First dlHtrictProsecutlnif attorney.
H. L. Benson. Member board of equal
ization, A. C, Auldon.
Second . district Attornev O. M.
Brown; board of equalization, S. B.
Gibson, of I'olk county.
Third dlstrict-JudireH. If. Hewitt.
of Albany; attorney J, McCain, of Mc-
Fourth dlstrict--Attornf"v W. N
Burnett; equalization, G. Wlngate.
Fifth dUrlct Judire J. A. Fee. At-
tomey, John L, Band.
Sixth district Attornev. a: A.
Jaynes. .Equalization, W. C, Wells,
A It Km TO EX-HKITIII.K AX.
A Nut Cracked For the llr-lbruieri"
Editor Wmt Hi dkj-
In the taut hmue
of Use Katitriirtiv, x-liublloatr arti
cle Him ws what the average Pouullst
want to know, The uuU that lie ask
d the German profwaor to cruuk, have
already been cracked as often aa ex-
Itepubllcan ha aked foreigner of his
political views, yet ho don't under
stand them' No doubt ex-lleimblloau
think they are brand new, never been
cracked bt'fow, No doubt b thinks
he ha the pronwsor cornered and all
that he lacks now Is to brleir over the
little popgun aud the big broud ax and
expouud the populist doctrine to the
profesMur, so that ho might see aud be
lieve snd be numbered with the fifty
dollar per capita baud or Coxeys army.
Now to the text ex-Republican; I will
crack the nuts one by otie, to that you
can understand them thoroughly.
Ex-Republleau admits In his article
that as nation our growth and pros
perity has Indeed been marvelous. Kx
Itepubllcan admits that It has been
due to our protective system; then ' In
conclusion ex-ltepubllcan say, "I want
to know If we are out a lot of . ohuiupa
to pay tar I II prices for our com
modttles." This show plainly that ex-
Republlcan Is a Populkt, for he agrees
and he disagrees In the same article.
We wilt see If Ihe'VliuiuptAwc benefit
ed by a protective tariff or not; It is
not necessary to mention all the ad
vantages of a protective tarlfl to those
chumps, therefore, I will be as brlif
as possible. .'.-
pow wiuioui a protective tariff we
would have free trade. We III com
pare the two together to clearly Illus
trate the marked dlllwrenue, 1st w ecu
these two systems In their application
to the laboring aud middle elasies of
Kugland and the UuiU-d Stales, aud
especially how they elt'ect the earnings
ol f'ese eople. Let us examine the
KuglUh custom reports for the year
18KS. Whole amouut collected from
custom $97,807,30; amount collected
from tobacco $-t3,6(il,713; tea, f ),tKM,
600; ilrled tYult, 2,74J,3S0; eolt'ee t'Jo7,-
H10; cocoa, $414,717; chicory, 1354,000;
Willi's, $4,428,2:10. Now none of these
articles are rained or produced In Kng
laud, but with the exception of wines
they are all iicocwdile of life, and the
tolling millions of England uumt and
will have them, and by these cople
are consumed the greater part of the
articles enumerated above. Iu other
words, under a free trade tarllf tluwc
few article of ueeewtlty, consumed
mostly by the laboring classes of
Kugland, pay $70,514,4(12 out of $U7,
07,:iHO, more than four-llfths of all the
custom, duties. The American laborer
pays no duty at all on tea, eolt'ee, cocoa,
chlckory, aud dried fruits, and none
ou tobacco aud wluea produced ' at
home, Iu other words a protective
tariff save our worklug-i.en the greater
(art of $70,1)00,000 lu customs dutiea in
the United States. Under fifteen years
of the free trade tariff of 1M0 to. lsol
our Imports exceeded our Import by
$132,3.1,72l, and that amount of gold
had to go abroad to pay that balance
iu fifteen years of protection from 1H70
to lfftH), Our exjwrt exceeded our Im
ports by $1,000,444,210 ami that amount
of specie was sent to this country to
pay us that Immense balntice during
tl.e whole period from 17U0 to JHOI.
Seventy-one years we exported H0.809,
000 bushel of wheat, but lu 1883, after
twenty-two year of protection, we
exported 150,000,000 lu a single year,
In 1801, after fifteen years of tariff for
revenue government, we had to bur
row money for current expenses at 10
and 11 percent.. In 1801, aftci thirty
years of protection, thegovernmeutcau
borrow all It wants at 2 per cent. If
ex-ltepubllcan will carefully wan the
prices current of England and the
United State for those articles used lu
resjiectablu famllle, he will be sur
prised, but gratified to learn that oue
dollar will buy more tea, coffee, coal
oil, flour, meal, butter, sugar, potatoes
aud soap In the United States than It
will in England, aud as much sheet
Ing, shirting, calloo, boots and shoe
here as there. A puir of boot hero
worth $.5 can be paid for with half the
labor that It would take to pay for the
same boots In England. Boots arc the
same price here a there, but It fakes
them two days to pay for an article
that It takes us oue day. It I a well
knowivfact that a largo proportion of
the flour, beef, pork, bacon, eheeae,etc,
used In England Is Imported from the
United Slatts. Is It possible that
Englishmen can come over here and
buy these things, pay freight and other
expenses of transportation to England,
and then sell them , at home,
at the same price? To ask such
question, is to answer It.. Ex
Republican I will crack some more
nutaforyou lu the future, if you 'di
gest tills one without any trouble.
When you get to Washington, pleuse
remember the German professor, and
send his share of the wealtfi of the
United States, forthwith, for I fear
you will change your mind before you
get the wealth divided.
Alleghany, Pa., March 10, 1801.
Mr Norman Llchty, Des Moines, la.
Dear Sir: I find Krause's Headache.
Capsules a ready seller, and can say
from personal experience that they are
a good thing, as the other night thoy
cured me of a bad attack of neuralglu
in about one hour, when usually It lasts
a day or so. t '. W . Bm aHt.
Sunday Titip. The steamer Altona
Sunday, April 15, will leave Indepen
dence at 1 P. M. and 4:30 p, m., for Sa
lem, returning at 2 P. M, and 5:30 p. m.
Fare 50 cents round trip, No trip if
Krause's Headache Capsules War.
ranted. For sale by Shelley, Alex-
andor a Co.
i 1 1 .
J. M. VANDUYN
It Compelled to Continue Builneii. You will got
. Jm si In All of Hie Old Stoek.
Wear Receiving FRESH GOODS Dally, ond
are Ready to Show You the
Our Stook will bo oomolotoly reolonlahod. It will pay
you to Call ot Onoo and oaamlno thle Splendid Stook.
If you sonnet eomo youroclf, lend yonr ordoro
J. M. VANDUYN,
" ' Independence, Oregon.
, TliviuMltue you will Hud alia
alMtatliin tins of
LADIES' OXFORD TIES.
TIM wuivu 1'rliv citiuint lw found In tuiy utlivr
nturtUn lit city,
Come and See Them.
The many friend of (leu. Heeler, of
Hiilcin, will liepaliied to learn of Ills
death last luemiay.
W, P. Connaway was on committee
ou resolutions at tiie state convention.
There will be preaching Sunday
mormnif in the M r, i liurch, iy a mlu
Istcroftho ludcK'Uleiit Evaiigellcal
Itev, I). V. Poling will preach next
isiiiuiay evening. rrr. heoring's or
chesua will render an overture.
Mm. Hinder now lu SHkane, will re
turn next wee.
John Hiram Cooper, Is In the Crip
ple Creek mines, Colorado, w here they
are having tho great strike, lie owns
some mining projajrly there,
Lee W imii (not Chinaman) of Ilslls
fon, a hopurower, was In tow u this
Polk county circuit court convenes
Jessie Stump, of Salem, was In town
Mrs, M. L. Dorrls Is visiting her
parents at McMJutivllte.
A. M. Hurley has taken his card out
of this piqwr, for reasons best known
to himself. .
Mr. J, C. Coocr, of McMlnnville, Is
a guest at the home of E. W. Cooper.
Mrs. Cal CooKr Is the sister of Prof.
Spllliiuiu of Monmouth,
If those jktsous who' are Interested
In Central America and tho growing
of coffee, will call at this ofllce next
Saturday, they w ill learn something of
advantage to them.
"Spring Tide" will be Hev. J. Fred
Jenklu'g subject Sunday morning at
the Baptist church, aud "Thirty-one
Kings or Victory over Self the even
leg subject. ,.',.. " , i
0. P. C"shaw, the state president of
jtaptlst Young People's Union, of Ore
gon, will deliver an address at the
llaptlst church Thursday evening
Mr. M.L. Fisher, an engineer on the
Great Northurn vail road, Is visiting
his wife's rclatuMm here. Ho and Mrs.
Fisher leaveLir California, Saturday
on avlsrt.' '",v
Geo. A. Kmlth, the attorney, has
been attendldg circuit court at Corval
11s, on some Important cases.
Prof. W. I. Splllnian, of Monmouth
Normal schord, has received a promo
tion, having been selected as professor
of agriculture in the Agricultural col-
lego at Pullman, Wash., with $1800 a
year salary, and a trip for sevornl
months arranged for him to visit the
experiment stations In the Mississippi
valley. " Brother you arc in luck. ,
Democratic Comity Ticket.
For ItctireHentatlves-J, O. Stnals, of
Alrlle; F. A. Wester, of Ballston.
For Sheriff'-J. M. Prutlier, of Buenn
. For Coninilssloncr I. M. Simpson,
of Lewisvlllo. ,,.
ForClerk-W. B.Craven, of Dallas.
For Assessor W. J. Mulkey, of Mon
mouth. ' " ' v .
For School Superintendent W. I.
Reynolds, of Dallas,
For Treasurer-W. 'E. Qoodcll, of
For Surveyor J." P. M'agrudor, of
For Coroner J, It. Silos, of Dallas.
For state Printea W. H. Leeds, of
Ifenl Willi (', (I. tlummui. I hi. live mil mUI
miwiil, KlinrlilH, Ofi-KOH, IUd till IM Jl
N". 1. 3D mnt, hII rlvpr.lxillnm Inml, V ntrt
in i'iiiiivhihiii, wii rnwa, s iirrM in groin;
!ni)'tr iii-i of i'iti uml p.Mwuniin of Hie
ntl of (he Inml liniiif illHtol vi U ihIIm Inun
Hliorlilnn ii iiimiiy nwili irl flu pr mri
iiiiv uoi, unritru ur iruu innq,
No.l 17 i-ri', nil In cultivation, ll IdvhI
Wfll (Miivrf, ami y.ril to kuIiimiI hihI rluirrh
HU liillnufnmi Hliurlili, Itivnl riwil l lnwn
Till l vi-ry rich on IhiIihiii Imicli flttic
tiii Inml, milt ilia Ixwt olili ki.it rnm li In On
MiilM iirtii fit tr sir. $ tu pmIi, biiliiim
in iin iixtr, Tlin suwiiiill In iwubiiJ
null luiito or Hi" plni-c, ItimlH-r M r
llimi.Hinl f,H t, Till Im will null forth)
wr i'r iwiure rail.
N. II. dinm-wi, iMn ontilvttiliini snc ynriUlo
n iiiii linn rililii'll. .HIM rritu ihiiioiii inun,
I'ri.ti 'f wro, ntiD-tmlf vmmIi, bnlnnm In
Nn, 4. it im-iwh, all In Ktilllvmlun with mm.
hut liillow wliml, Im) it gu ntiK-Uilrtt uroi
Two mill h Imir tnlliM to hlinrlilitii. one ml
It) M'tiixil mill iluin-li. IjooI kll Ittrnl, No, 1
on tor n un or iioo; jirii-e mr at'r.
No, g, II) ori. nil IuvkI rrrmk butUun Inml, 1
Hurra In i'iilMvi.iii, i m m of nli IIiiiIht
wnlcri'il liy Mill i-r'Ki 2'iIIb at Hliuri-
limn i', iiiiim it M-iimii mui ittiurfti. Iliimi
HM MMmwou liiiuirilliiiflj j trlca .Wwr
1 linvti nllior fiirnia of all nWrlplloiu for
nm ijoiii ik ii mm hiiu ikmu lor niin-rrai.
id ill. J'nrlir Imvlitii luiul for nli will ill:
wnll U ll IIik mimic wild iim If Htpy want li
i it tut I uw loin ul ,11-intiT'ii Ink mid l.-t llir
liie am wnui I iiavnt fur mitt,
:. o, Hl'Mnnw,
lltw.1 Klnt A(nt, HIhthIhii, Onm
Kcductlim lu the Price of Seheel Uook.
The America llistk Company have
arrnugitl with the undersigned for the
side of their school text tstoks used In
the achisil of Oregon, at the retail
cash prices herewltli attached
. - aaTAtLraicii
ivnw Mil ion hi rirni iii-nrtnr .......
- - Hiwoml Kwnlcr. in
" " Third Itenilrr. . tb
" " rollrtlt Ili'lLliT.. Ml
null Iti-Milur i ui
Miimpiui rouiiirM'itii! iiai'r.... a
Vt ttlwill I hlhl MHtnr ...,
i oiiiiiiui wiir.... jr,
Mwlnlfii Npw Wnril Aiinlynu... ..... 40
,iliioirniwlHin( lllniiK,.Moili l mill Km.
Itniiih' c.i or.
JImwhi Hjit llliig llloilks, Non. I, 3, 8, u
" KlcmiMHury " 05
MonUillli'a KtitnienlMry Uiiniphy . tts
" rniiiirt'liinlvB 1 if.
fliiyol't I'liynli'iil liwmrailiy....,..... 1 76
ttiirnttM" IiijtiiM4(i' loii, prt I . at
" " " ConiplU W
Mill i Oramiir.. . 5
riark'i Nuriimi Oraiiutiur ...I Hi)
lliinhi'll'ii Mi-nliMii'e Miiklnu ..... 66
r in no, I Ariuiinoui!. ..... tt,
lUililnimn N, K. Alifiilir.. 1 i
M IliMiinutry anil TrlKcnuiniilry I 7v
' Uniinrlr)-, MiHruln . 1 (
PIK?r'ti flniili'd Hi-Hi Work, Nun. 1 to 4 10
lliirnin' l'riiiuiry MlMory (,. Iti
" Hrii'f luxury, V. 8, . J 10
(iiMnTHi iiiniory... ... l 7i
nnuin a i-rum-rni rny.iolouy anu llyu'e.
Hlml' HyKi'iilu I'liyiiliilogy...... .... j ti
HH.iuHTliin Copy ll'k, Nihi. I Ui S, Com MO 10
" m m.. 4, Tracing Ok
" " H.C'Nim.lUi 7.... (is
Mtfl rotmlitr i'liinlMtry.... l ui
" " I'liymra. I in
u Koiirlwn Wi-i'ka In Uolany....... 1 10
" Niiw lli-m-rliillvs Atmimin)'. . J in
M Kourinn Uwkl In Uro,iKy . 1 Ul
Tiumny't Nalaral Hlmory of AuImiuU 1 ai
ikiiiik, i rot(riiiivi) Mume ihiuiii, il k. 1
' M - i. o
" ii ii ii ,1
" - M II
I II M II ' 5
" nirm mid Chorus Ilk
Whlto'i ItiivUvd Uriiwliig, No. 1 Ui.
Hrymil A Nirallnn's Ot R, lliMiR.itfwiiiiig...
Ward' Hilnliinwi I'onnii, Non. 1 ttnd a,....
, ." " sad i IB
WeliHlur'n Primary Dlrtlnnnry . N
" (!imiinon He.luHtl liliaimmry... tw
" niuhHihiKil lildliiinnry. left
Ai'imi'iny iniiiionary ....... I (
ALEXANDEU, COOPER DItUQ
8 18 12t
URN ITU RE
OF ALL KINDS -f
and Latest Styloe
Carpet Lining, .
The New Furniture Store,
Corner C and Main Streets,
INDEPENDENCE, - OREGON.
"HARD TIMES" PRICES
Tho Largost Stook of
HaFdaiare, - Stoves, - Tinuiare
AND AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS
IN POLK COUNTY.
fllexandeF-Goopep Drug Go.,
The Finest and Moat Complete Line of
In the City.
.lain Street - Independence, Oregon.
FOR GOLD and
Stylish Turnouts Alwavs in Readiness.
Having lately purchased the entire'. interest in the ntalh of J. N.
ianm. we are now lxttr nroiuiml ti.n.i ,.. n .. n.. .1 1,. .
- r. . ....... v 1 v. i mui tun ucmnuua ui
the public us we are now making and are preparing to make many
sulwtantiai. iimirovo'nciitw. Tonma lumi.,i,..i 1... ti, ,).... .t.
, ,. ' , . -
Traveling men a specialty.
......" M STAGE-Weopnil n dally Mhk line tx-lwwn Salem nd r.ll. ritr Him
fc.M. j all. l Ity Mr 1 11 JprudTO. t 4 m.; Ira vn 1 nU.nndim f or ttalein t 9 i!m ' Krwa
PETER COOK Prop.
crone M. Arrtn t'!,:!xr
iildnalliVIILIIIIllrllin, i n
Independence ROLLER MILLS,
SKINNER & CO., Proprietors,
Wish to notify the public that they" are now
Ready to Receive Grain
We have also put in a New Improved Cleaner and will do a
General Warehouse Bu9ines3 ou the most favorable terms.
The highest market price
E are not, but we have a
Faney Line of Stationery
School Supplies, Notions, Choice
Candies, Tropical Fruits and
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS AND PERIODICALS'.
. V.CLODFELTER ' BROS,
....... x.., Uj tun unj ui iiiuuiu.
u sufo, oma rniiouro, Col, jf g,
in Exchange for Flour..
paid for wheat at all time