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About La Grande observer. (La Grande, Or.) 1959-1968 | View Entire Issue (June 23, 1959)
LA GRANDE OBSERVER
Tuesday, June 23J959
"A Modern Newspaper With The Pioneer Spirit"
rUBLifliiKD bt the ' RILEY D. ALLEN,.; Publisher
LA grandis publishing compant GEORGE S. CHALLIS .-. Adv. Director
TOM HUMES,:...- - Circulation Mgr.
Ideal Classroom For U.S. Professors
Thirty of America's leading geology
teachers, some of them authors of books
dealing with the earth sciences, are spend
ing 12 days in Oregon. ;
Five of the 12 days will be devoted to
Central Oregon's vast laboratory of the
cons, a region that has given much to the
science of geology since that distant year
when a pastor-geologist, Thomas Condon,
wandered over the colored John Day hills
with pick in hand and Bible in pocket.
Why are these 30 geologists, who are at
tending a summer conference at Oregon
State College under a National Science
Foundation grant, devoting a third of
their time to the Central Oregon field?
The professors are engaged in a con
centrated study of a "stratigraphy and
structural development of the Mesozoic
period of Pacific Coast geology." Central
Oregon holds some of the western Ameri
ca's grandest exposures of strata of the
world's age of reptiles.
Over the basement of Central Oregon
long ago, before the Cascades appeared oh
the western skyline and lava flooded an
cient valleys, great seas engulfed the in
terior country. For years, geologists have
been tracing these ancient seas, and they
have discovered shores and sediments of
many oceans, and in mountain tops have
found marine fossils.
Some of tho greatest seas that rolled
over this part of the state millions of
years ago were those of the Mesozoic, the
long age of reptiles which to the east of
the Rockies yielded the great dinosaurs.
In the vicinity of Suplee, Izce and Sene
ca near the heart of Oregon are a number
of Jurassic formations, laid down in the
reptilian era. Geologists have Jcscribed
sections holding some 30,000 feet of mar
ine sediments. Names have been given
some of the great oceans whose embay
mcnts covered most of Oregon long ago,
Every effort should be made here to
treat visiting motorists with courtesy, in
Oregon's Centennial year. Many of the
visitors will be unfamiliar with streets
and highways. Some, confused, will stop
at intersections, or in making turns.
Ordinarily, such action is the signal for
cars behind to honk blatantly. Patience
and courtesy should be used instead.
Local drivers also should bear in mind
that visiting motorists might not know all
Df Oregon's traffic laws. Oregon's right of
way law, speed law, turning law and some
Dthers differ from those in other states.
Certainly local residents should not lean
a bit harder on their horns just because
they note the confused motorist ahead is
In Snake River
NYSSA (UPI) Two stepchil
dren of Angel Martinez, Nyssa
area farm worker, drowned In the
Snake river Monday when they
stopped Into deep water while
wading. Martinez managed to
pluck a third stepchild from the
MY Orbit's the Right Way!'
as Condon's "islands" pushed their way
through primordial oceans.
One of the Mesozoic seas is known as the
Donovan, northeast of Burns. , It left a
I , rich -record of its marine life shells now
entombed in ageless rocks. The name
"Donovan" given the Mesozoic sea may
seem quite modern. It is. The formation
was named for a ranch.
Other formations and the ancient seas
they represent include the Lonesome, the
Colpitts, the Robertson and the Mowich.
Accompanying the geologists on their
five-day trip into Central Oregon will be
a man who is well acquainted with the re
gion. He is Dr. E. L. Packard, formerly of
Oregon, now of Stanford. It was Dr. Pack
ard, while at the University of Oregon,
who some 35 years ago focused the at
tention of the world of science on the in
terior country as the result of spectacular
These discoveries included the roots of
Oregon's "Triassic Alps." height of which
is believed to have been about three miles.
Othfer discoveries were new marine locali
ties holding a wealth of fossils. On a ridge
east of Suplee was found a reef of fossiliz
ed clams, of a strange elongated type.
Boundaries of old seas were extended
through field work, and newly-found seas
Tho earth scientists ascertained that oc
eans continued to roll over interior Oregon
until the. dawn of the Recent, when there
occurcd a grand uplift of the interior coun
. try. Last of the seas to leave their fossil
record in Oregon were those of the fading
age of reptiles.
Wflare glad that these top geology
teachers, with Dr. W. D. Wilkinson of OSC
as director, will have an opportunity to
visit Central Oregon.
In all America there is no better out
door laboratory for the study of the earth
Is Not Proper
in a car bearing an out-of-state license.
The honking might result in a reaction
noted at a downtown intersection this past
A motorist did not get his car going at
the intersection immediately after the
light changed. There was a loud honking
at the rear, where an impatient youth was
behind the wheel.
The motorist honked at got out of his
car, walked back and roundly "cussed
out" tho youth. By the time he got back to
his car, the light had changed.
So both motorists, one still mad, the
other apparently subdued, waited until
the green arrow again appeared.
Drowned were Mngdntcna Mar
line, 11, and her 13 -year -old
brother, Reyes. Tho stepfather
was able to grab little Guadalupe,
9, but the older two wcro swept
out of reach downstream.
Sheriff's officers recovered the
body of the boy and were conduct
ing dragging operations, for the
MUTTON AGAINST TAXES
B1NFIF.LD. England (UPP
Erncst Price, the benevolenl
butcher of BinticUl, explained today
why he decided to sell mutton at
a penny a pound. "It's tho tax
man or the housewife." he said.
"I prefer the housewife. I don'l
want to make a big profit and
have to pay more Income tax. 1
cover myself on other meat."
DREW PEARSON SAYS:
White House At First
Refused To Use Jets
WASHINGTON Drama such
as the Senate seldom sees took
ilace behind the scenes when the
world's No. 1 deliberative body
finally refused confirmation of a
cabinet member for one of the
few times time in history. Sel
dom does the public get any
sense of this drama. They see
the senators debate on the floor.
They feel the tenseness of the
oting. But not even the press is
permitted in Senate cloakrooms.
However, here is what happened
backstage as the Senate voted on
Lewis L. Strauss as secretary of
Republican leaders were huddl
ng with GOP leader Sen. Ever-
ut Dirksen of Illinois. They had
hree absentee senators, whose
otcs they badly needed. One of
them, Thurston Morton of Ken-
lucky, could get back to vote by
commercial plane. The others,
Wallace Bennett of Utah and Mil
ton Young of North Dakota, could
not except by military let.
A call was made to the White
House. Gen. Jerry Persons, who re
placed Sherman Adams as assist
ant president, was asked to rush
two air force jets to the rescue.
Persons demurred. He said there
were only two in the country.
unbeknownst to the others,
Sen. Norris Cotton of New Hamp
shire "walked into another office,
picked up the phone and called
'Do you want to be confirm
ed?" he asked. "If so, you'd bet
ter call the White House and put
the heat cn them for two jets,
Strauss did. The two jets, one
a tanker, the other a jet trainer,
brought Bennett and Young to
Washington at the taxpayers' ex
As early as June 12, Sen. Lyn
don Johnson had asked for unan
imous consent for a Senate vote.
He kept repeating the request.
On one occasion, Sen. Wayne
Morse, Democrat of Oregon
objected, said he wanted to speak
Finally, Johnson called Morse
aside. "Let's let the Republi
cans do the objecting, he advis
ed. "They aren't ready for a
vote; and they want to put the
exusc on you.
"All right," replied Morse. "I'll
stay off the floor, or stay on the
lloor, or do whatever you say.
Johnson then asked unanimous
consent to vote after eight hours
of debate, divided equally. . Re
publicans , looked hopefully at
lylorse, but,,jc made no objection.
Reluctantly GOP Leader Dirksen
rose. "I am afraid I must object,
It was after this that Rcpubli
cans frantically called the White
House to get jet planes to bring
in their absent senators.
During the night debate which
followed, Vice President Nixon
was huddling backstage trying to
change some votes. Presiding
over the Senate in 'his place
was Sen. Bob Bartlctt, Alaska
Democrat. Suddenly Nixon in
structed Sen. Aiidy Schocppcl,
Kansas Republican, to order Bart
lctt out of the chair and take
What Nixon feared was a mo
tion by Senator Johnson to table
the Strauss appointment. This
could not be debated. It would
mean an immediate vote with
three GOP senators absent. So
Nixon wanted a Republican pre
siding over the Senate, not a
Democrat who might rule favor
ably to Johnson.
Johnson Civet a Vot
Johnson, however, had no real
intention of calling for a vote
to tabic the Strauss nomination.
Privately" he told Dirksen:
"Im not going to rule out a
motion to table," he said, "but
I'll give you my word that you'll
qct plenty of advance notice if I
SPRINGFIELD, Mo. War
den Russell O. Suttlc of the U.S.
Medical Center for the criminally
insane, on rioting inmates who
held five guards hostage:
"Wc are in no position to ne
gotiate until we hear something
from them. Thcy'ald they'll call
us when they arc ready to talk."
BATON ROUGE, Ln.-Ll. Gov.
Lcthcr Frazar, declining to take
over as acting governor while
Gov. Eavl K. Long is being held
in a mental institution:
"I don't know what I'm going
TALLAHASSEE, F!a. Tho Rev.
David II. Brooks; a Negro minis
'cr, applauding the life sentences
Sivcn four white youths for rap
ing a Negro coed:
"But I cannot help thinking of
he four Negroes now in the death
louse at our state prison for
aping white women."
WASIUNGTON-Gov. I.croy Col
'ins of Florida reporting that
President Eisenhower advised him
and eight other governors to stay
in a good humor during their trip
"I told him that if they don't
say anything bad about Robert E.
Lee I . won't say anything bad
"That's fair enough," Dirksen
replied. He urged, however, that
the vote go over until the next
"No," replied Johnson. "You've
been yelling for a vote. And
we're going to vote tonight. I've
been accused of harassing and
persecuting this man. I've been
trying to get a vote for a week
and we'll get one tonight. You
say your last senator, Milt Young,
will be here at 3:30 .a.m. We11
wait for mm ana tnen vote."
Sen. Tom Kuchcl of California,
Republican whip, came over to
the desk of Sen. Clint Anderson
of New Mexico who had been
masterminding Democratic strat
egy. ."How do you sec it?" he
"As I see it," replied Anderson
Lyndon Johnson has put you in
one heck of a box. Here is the
great liberal. Senator Javits of
New York, who crusaded against
filibusters, now filibustering.
Here is Goldwatcr filibustering,
If you Republicans want to fili
buster for two or three days
you've set a pattern for us and
we can continue. If you don t
want to vote now on your man
we can hold up the vote indcfl
Actually, Dirksen knew the Re
publicans didn't have the votes
even with all three absentees
present. He was stalling for time,
The Johnson forces thought they
had the votes, but wercn t quite
sure. Inside a room off the Sen
ate, Harry Byrd of Virginia, Jim
Eastland of Mississippi, and Bob
Kerr of Oklahoma, all Democrats,
were sitting over tneir Douroon,
masterminding strategy for the
A Senate functionary who had
been with them finally brought
out the word: "They've only got
48 voles, and they're counting on
Muskie (Maine) and Williams (N.
The Johnson forces knew
these two Democratic senators
had been wavering but had fin
ally made up their minds to vote
imainst Strauss. That made 46
votes for Strauss, even after
Young of North Dakota returned
So with Young still flying toward
Washington, Johnson approached
Dirksen and offered to give the
Republicans one pro-Strauss
Democratic vote. That was why
Mansfield of Montana, who was
present, paired with the absent
. The vote was called. Nixon
.! 1- , I U ' 1.. t Un,.!,
tie. j But there was no tie. It
came but as anti-Strauss forces
expected 49 to 46 against him.
Sen. Barry Goldwatcr was liv
id with rage. Jumping to his
feet he approached Sen. George
Smathcrs of Florida, Democrat,
who had voted against Strauss.
Without saying a word Goldwatcr
rushed Smathcrs, his fists out.
Smathcrs, who is lean and athle
tic. turned the Arizona senator
aside with his shoulder as a foot
ball runner turns off a tackier.
"What's the matter with you?"
ho asked. "Do you want to step
Senator Goldwatcr apparently
had expected Smathcrs to vote
for Strauss, and was so wrought
ud he lost control of himself. He
turned and left the Senate floor.
On Secret Files
WASHINGTON (UPI) The
Supreme Court and Congress
were in agreement today on how
to protect secret government files
and at the same time give crimi
nal defendants the information
they need for a fair trial.
In a 5 to 4 decision which will
serve as a guide for all federal
judges, the high tribundal Mon
day upheld the constitutionality
of the so-called "Jencks law.
This law, passed in 1957, lists
what government data must be
disclosed to defendants and under
Justice Felix Frankfurter wrote
the long opinion. Three other rul
ings upholding convictions of de
fendants who claimed their at
torneys were improperly denied
the right to examine government
files also clarified the court's
reasoning in the original Jencks
decision two years ago.
In a big batch of rulings hand
ed down as it rushed toward pos
sible adjournment next Monday,
Denied a hearing to convicted
mass killer Charles Starkweath
er, thus lifting his stay of execu
tion in the Nebraska electric
Ordered a federal district
court in Little Rock, Ark., to re
examine a challenge to four
"anli-NAACP laws" approved by
the Arkansas Legislature last
MAY TAKE CRUISE -
PARIS (UPIi Newly married
French actress Brigittc Bardot
may spend part of her honey
moon cruising the Mediterranean
on a yacht, informed sources said
today. The "Sex Kitten," who
married actor Jacques Charrier,
went into seclusion with her
groom in her Paris apartment
after the wedding Thursday, but
there were reports the ncwlywcds
planned to leave soon for a cruise
on producer ttaoul Levy's yacht.
EFFECTIVE RELIGIOUS EDUCATION
By LOUIS CASSELS
UPI Staff Writer
Gone are the days when the be
ginning of summer marked the
end of organized church programs
Today the situation is just the
reverse. Instead of lapsing into va
cation doldrums after Memorial
Day, churches now regard "the
summer months as their greatest
opportunity for Christian teaching.
This summer, about three-
fourths of the nation's Protestant
churches will conduct vacation
church schools. The total enroll
ment probably will exceed 8 mil
Most vacation church schools
begin in June, soon after the pub
lic schools close. The typical
school operates from 9 a.m. until
Letters To The Editor
House Bill 72 called by Senator
pimick, the most important bill
that the Legislature has passed
affecting Douglas County, was ve
toed at the end of the session by
We of the Oregon Log and Lum
ber Truckers L?ague, have for
3 years pressed for legislation
contained In HB 72. The veto by
Governor Hatfield has not changed
our thinking; the legislation Is still
Briofiy, this bill would have re
quired a new applicant for a log
haulers permit to show the need
for his service before the granting
of the permit. Were he able to
show the need, the Public Utilities
Commissioner would grant the per
mit. If sufficient service were
beings performed in the area cov
ered in his application, the permit
would have been denied, thus re
moving unnecessary competition in
a highly competitive field. With
the exception of log and dump
trucks, all other volume haulers
now enjoy this protection.
Th second section of HB 72
gave to the Public Utilities Com
missioner the power to classify
roads with respect to surface,
width, and to fix, after hearing.
fair and just rates for the haul as
indicated by the types of roads
used. Again, this protection is
avai'able to other haulers exclud
ing log and dump trucks!
Logging truck operators in Ore
gon are completely unregulated.
There is no bar to the entrance
of additional operators to this
field even though it should be
plain to the least prudent observer
that there is an abundance and
very probably a surplus of oper
ators and equipment available at
any time during the year. There
is nothing to prevent established
operators in the adjoining states
from sending their trucks into
Oregon to look for hauling con
tracts during the winter months
when work is not available in their
own states. Even if this latter
development did not occur, it is a
normal fact that approximately
half of the Oregon mills close down
during the winter season when
logging roads are , in bad con
dition, and this fact alone is suf
ficient to insure something like a
100 over-supply of trucks dur
ing a substantial portion of the
year. It seems to be sharp prac
tice for many lumber companies
in Oregon to reduce the hauling
rates which they are willing to pay
during the winter months to a
fraction of the normal rates, know-
WASHINGTON (UPI) White
House Press Secretary James C.
Hagerty was reported making
satisfactory progress today fol
lowing an operation for a remov
al of an acutely inflamed appen
dix. The operation, performed Mon
day by Army Surgeon General
Maj. Gen. Leonard u. Hcaton.
was reported successful. Hagerty
was said to be resting as com
fortably as could be expected.
He was to remain in a post
operative room at Walter Reed
Army Medical Center until this
afternoon. He then will be trans
ferred to the hospital section re
served for top officials and rank
ing military officers.
Hagerty had not felt well for
several days before entering the
hospital Monday morning. Associ
ate Press Secretary Anne Wheat
on said he suffered seme symp
toms during the week end and
continued to feci uncomfortable.
She said physicians decided then
on an immediate operation.
FOURTH "WELCOME" CITY
MONTGOMERY, Ala. UPI-
This city Is the fourth in Alabama
to bear an official Ku Klux Klan
'welcome'' sign. An eight-foot
high sign, bearing a picture of a
white-robed horseman, was erect
ed over the week end just outside
the city limits amongst a group
of church and civic club welcoming
noon, Monday through Friday,
for a two week period. But the
program has proved so popular
with children and parents that
some churches have lengthened
the term to four weeks.
Appeals To Youngsters
A good vacation church school
is designed to appeal to young
people of every age bracket
from pre-kindergarten to high
school. Bible study and worship
are interspersed with play pe
riods, handicrafts, and group ac
tivities. Each class has its own
special ' project. A kindergarten
group, for example, may build
and furnish a model church of
cardboard, while a junior high
group rehearses and stages a
Some church leaders are con-
ing that with a surplus of hauling
facilities In the market and with
many of the operators reduced t6
desperate circumstances by the
nerd for making payments on
their equipment, it is possible to
have their logs hauled below the
actual cost of operation during the
It has been stated that regula
tions of the type found in HB 72
did not work in California. Ac
tually it was not tried in that state.
Similar legislation was passed in
the first part of the 1957 assembly.
In the second half of the assem
bly, timber operators set up a
plaintive wail that they had not
been heard (this is reminiscent of
Salem, 1959) and the legislation
We are informed that in Wash
ington the regulatory system work'
cd very well at the outset in 1935",
that the system was not mod
ernized to keep pace with chang
ing times, and a reorganization
of enforcement practice is now
under advisement. "
Through the foresight of its pro
ponents, HB 72 carried an effec
tive date of January 1, I960. This
was to allow time for thi PUC
department to set up for its ad
ministration. Further, in the evciil
thaifurther enabling legislation
was needed or administrative
streamlining indicated, only nhV
season wou'd be affected before
the legislature would again con
vene at which time such problems
could be aired. !
It seems unfortunate tint after
the considerations given the bill by
both Houses before its final pas
sage, Mr. Hatfield should choose
to place his veto upon it.
The people of Oregon have thr
right to expect log trucks or any
trucks on our highways to be well
maintained, safely loaded and
driven with due regard to the
rights of others. ,
The operators of these trucks
have the right to expect that their
hauling agreements bs based upon
the cost of the haul plus a fair
profit, with consideration given to
ability and equipment rather than
the current deciding factor, "How
cheaply can you haul."
We do not doubt that Governor
Hatfield had reasons; perhaps to
him important reasons, for vetoing
HB 72. However, the ones ex
pressed to date seem to be excuses,
not real reasons.
Claude A. Davis
President, Ore. Log & Lbr.
1277 Commercial "
Coos Bay, Ore.
"Why should a slow-poke burn me up?" i
When you're driving:,
your attitude can hill! When the stupidity
or carelessness of other drivers makes you fume, watch
yourself! If you let your anger take control of your car, you
can literally kill or be killed yourself! Nearly 37,000 people
died in traffic accidents last year. Many were victims of good
drivers who for one fatal moment allowed their emotions
to boil over. Chock your boiling point and stay a safe driver.
Published in an efori Id save lives, in cooperation
with the National Saety Cogactf and The Advertising Council. ,
LA GRANDE. OBSERVER-
vinced that children receive more
effective religious education in two
weeks of vacation school than in
a whole year of Sunday school.
They point out that the average
Sunday school . class period is
from 30 to 45 minutes long. Just
as the teacher is getting into sub
ject, the bell rings and further in
struction has to be postponed until
a week later.
In vacation schools,'7 teachers
are not faced with such severe
time limitations. . 1
Even more ideal conditions for
religious training are offered- by
church-sponsored summer camps.
Here children can be brought into
a happy, healthful and distinctly
Christian environment for 24 hours
a day. With the right kind of
leadership and program, a church
camp can become a place where
young people not only learn about
but live Christian principles.
' Growing In Popularity
', Although church camping is still
on a fairly small scale, compared
to vacation church schools, it is
rapidly g-owing in popularity.
Last year, there were about 7,000
church camps in this country with
a total attendance of morq than
700,000 young people. Church lead
ers look for an increase of about
15 per cent in the number of
camps and campers thi' summer.
In addition to these live-in
camps, many churches are now
sponsoring day camps on the out
skirts of cities. Buses transport
the children to camp in the morn
ing and home again at night.
Another new development which
seems to be catching hold in many
areas is the "family retreat" at
which parents and children spend
a week end or a full week to
gether at a church camp.
Theoretically, at least, summer
programs like these can be an
effective instrument of evange
lism, enabling churches to reach
many children who do not come
to regular Sunday school or wor-'
But a survey by the research
bureau of the National Council of
Churches last summer showed
that the vast majority of children
enrolled in church camps and
schools were from families which
were already active in church
life. . tf
, "Vacation programs .. are now
being used in most churches as
an effective means of reaching
un-churched children," the . bu
It said the most conspicuous
failure of Protestant summer pro
grams was in reaching children
of low-income families.
WASHINGTON (UPD Twenty
senators proposed legislation to
day designed to accelerate the
development of roads and trails
in national forests.
: Sens. James E. Murray D
Mont.) and Wayne Morse (D
Ore.) are the chief sponsors of
the bill, which would implement
part of a long range national for
est program proposed recently by
Agriculture Secretary Ezra T.
The Benson program calls for an
investment of more than $2,200,
000,000 in forests over the next
Under the Murray-Morse bill
expenditures for the program
would be put on an escalator bas
is: $40,000,000 in 1962; $50,000,000
in 1963, and $60,000,000 in subse
quent years. The present annual
authorization for the program is