La Grande evening observer. (La Grande, Or.) 1904-1959, August 12, 1908, Page PAGE FOUR, Image 4

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li Grands Evenint Observer
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3 0 7 8
m ia'oa'siIm
disappoints the hopes and expecta
tions of reformers, whether those re
formers be republicans or democrats.
So far did the republican convention
fall short of Its duty that the repub
lican candidate felt It necessary to add
to his platform In several Important
particulars, thus rebuking; the leaders
of the party upon whose co-operation
he must rely for the enactment of re
medial legislation. . As I shall, In sep
arate speeches, discuss the leading
questions at issue, I shall at this time
confine myself to the paramount ques
tion, and to the far-reaching; purpose
of our party, as that purpose is set
forth in the platform. . ,
' Shall the 'People Rule?
Our platform declares that the over
shadowing Issue which manifests It
self In all the questions now under
discussion, . Is, "Shall the - people
rule?" No matter which way we turn;
no matter to what subject we address
ourselves, the same question confronts
us: "Shall the people control their
own government, and use that govern
ment for the protection of their right
and for. the promotion of their wel-
tarer ur snail me representative. u.
predatory wealth prey upon a defense
less public, while the offenders secure
Immunity from subservient officials
whom they raise to power by"unscru
pulous methods?" This Is the lnaue
raised by the "known abuses" to
which Mr. Taft refers.
Why No Tariff Reform?
The president's colse friends have
been promising for several years that
he would attack the Iniquities of the
tariff. We have had Intimation that
Mr. Tfft was restive under the de
mands of the highly protected Indus
tries. And yet the Influence of the
manufacturers, who have for 25 years
contributed to the republican cam
paign fund, and who in return have
(Continued from page 1.)
policies have given me whatever po
litical strength I possess, the action
ot the convention only renews my faith
In them, but strengthens my attach
ment to them.
Vluttorm Is Hlnding.
I ehall In the near future prepare a
more formal reply to youtr notification
and In that letter of acceptance will
deal with the platform, in detail. It
is sufficient at this time toasaure you
that I am in hearty accord with both
the letter and the spirit of the pint-
form. I endorse it In whole and In
part, and shall, If elected, regard Its
declarations as binding upon me. And,
I may add. a platform Is binding as
to what It omits as well as to what it
contains, according to the democratic
Idea, the people think for themselves
and select officials to carry out their
wishes. The voters are the sovereigns:
the officials are the servants, employ
ed for a fixed time and at a stated
alary to do what the sovereigns want
done, and to do It In the wsy the
overelgna wsnt It dune. Platforms !
re entirely in harmony . with this
democratic Idea. A platrorm announces
the party's position on the questions
which are at issue; and an official Is
not at liberty to use the authority
, rested In him to urge personal views
which have not been submitted to the
Voters for their approval. If one is
nominated upon a platform which is
not satisfactory to him. he must, If
candid, either decline the nomination,
or In accepting It, propose an amend
, ed platform In lieu of the one adopted
by the convention. No such situation
however, confronts your candidate, for
the platform upon nhl.-h I was nom
inaieit not only contains nothing
from whirl) I dlsent, but It specifically
outlines elt( the remedial leglxlatlon
which we ran hone to secure during
the next four years.
ltiiiMIn tlinllenite Accepted.
The distinguished statesman who re
ceived the republican nomination for
president, said In his notification
"The strength of the republican
causa Injhe campaign at hand is the
fact that we represent the policies es
sential to the reform of known abuses,
to the continuance of liberty and true
prosperity, and that we are determined
-as our platform unequivocally de
clares to maintain them and carry
them on."
In the name of the democratic par
ty, I accept the challenge, and charge
that the republican party la reaponsl
ble for all the abuses which not only
exist In the federal government and
that It la Impotent to accomplish the
reforms which are Imperatively need
ed, further. I cannot concur In the
statement that the republican platform
unequivocally declares for the reforms
that are necessary; on the contrary, I
Affirm that It openly and notoriously
framed the tariff schedules, has been
sufficient to prevent tariff reform. As
the present campaign approached,
both the president and Mr. Taft de
clared In favor of tariff revision, but
set the date of revision after the elec
tion. But the ' pressure brought to
bear by the protected interests has
been great fcnough to prevent any at
tempt at tariff reform before the elec
tion; and the reduction promised af
ter ' the election Is so hedged about
cent republican national convention,
the plank was repudiated by tt vote of
880 to M. Hera, too, Mr. Taft has
been driven to apologize for his con
vention and to declare himself In fa
vor of a publicity law; and yet. If you
will read what he says upon this sub
ject, you will find that his promise
falls far short of the requirements of
the situation. He says:
"Jf I am elected president, I shall
urge upon congress with every hope
of success, that a law be1 passed re
quiring the filing, In a federal office,
ot a statement of the contributions re.
ceived by committees and candidates
in elections for members of congress,
and In such other elections as are con
stitutionally within the control of con
gress." ;; . , ..; . ,
1 I shall not embarrass him by asking
him upon what he bases his hope of
success; it is certainly not on any en
couragement he has received from re
publican leaders. It Is sufficient to
say that If his hopes were realized
If, In spite of ths adverse action of his
convention, he should succeed In se
curing the enactment of the very law
partial relief. He has read the dem
ocratic platform; not only his Ian
guage, but his evident alarm, Indicates
that he has read it carefully. He even
had before him the action of the dem
ocratic national committee In Inter
preting and applying that platform;
and yet, he falls to say that he favors
the publication of the contributions
before the elections." Of course, It sat
isfies a natural curiosity to find out
how an election has been purchased
even when the knowledge comes too
late to be of service, but why should
the people be kept In darkness until
the election is past? Why should the
locking of the door be delayed until
the horse is gone?
An Election a. public Affair.
An election Is a public affair. The
people, exercising the right to select
their officials and to decide upon the
policies to be . pursued. , proceed to
their several polling places on election
day and register their will. What ex
cuse can be given for secrecy as to the
Influences at work? If a man, pecu
niarily Interested In "concentrating the
control of the railroads In one man
agement" subscribes a lara-e sum to
with qualifying phraes. that no one !ld In carrying the election, why should
can estimate with accuracy the sum
total of tariff reform to be expected
In case of republican success. If the
past can be taken as a guide, the re
publican party will be so obligated by
campaign contributions from the ben
eflclarlesVf protection, as to make
that party powerless to bring to the
country any material relief from the
present tariff burdens.
Why No Anti-Trust iU'trl-liillon?
A few years ago the republican
leadi- In the house of representa
tives were coerced by public opinion
Into the support of an anti-trust law
which had the endorsement of the
prexldunt, but the senate refused even
to consider the measure, and since
that time no effort has been made by
the dominant party to secure remedi
al legislation upon thla subject.
Why No lUllroud I legislation?
For' 10 years the Interstate com
merce commission has been asking for
an enlargement of Its powers, that It
might prevent rebate and discrimin
ations, but a republican senate and a
republican house of representatives
were unmoved by Its entreaties. In
100 the republican national' conven
tion was urged to endorse the demand
for railway legislation, but Its plat-1
form was silent on the subject. Kven
In 1904. the convention gave no pleilgi
to remedy these abuses. When the
president finally asked for legislation,
he drew his Inspiration from three
democratic national platforms and he
received more cordial support from
the democrats than from the republi
cans. The republics n In the senute
deliberately defeated several amend
ments offered by Henatur Ij Follette
and supported by the democrats
amendments embodying legislation
asked by the Interstate commerce
commission. One of these amend
ments authorized the ascertainment of
the value of railroads. This amend
ment was not only defeated by the
senate, but It was overwhelmingly re
jected by the recent republican na
tional convention and the republican
candidate has sought to rescue his
party from tho disastrous results of
this act by expressing himself, In a
qualified way. In favor ot ascertain
ing the value of railroads.
Campaign Contribution Publicity.
An effort has been made to secure
legislation requiring publicity as to
campaign contributions and expendi
tures: but the republican leaders, even
In tha face of an Indignant public, re
fused to consent to a law which would
compel honesty In elections. When
the matter wat brought up In the re-
democratic national platforms the
platforms of 1900, 1904 and 1908
specifically call for a change In the
constitution which will put the elec
tion of senators In the hands 'si the
voters, and the proposition has been
endorsed by a number of the smaller
parties, but no republican national
convention has been willing to cham
pion the cause of the people on this
subject The subject was Ignored by
the republican national convention in
1900; it was ignored in 1904. and the
proposition waa explicitly repudiated
in 1908, for the recent republican na
tional convention, by a vote of 568 to
114, rejected the plank .endorsing the
popular election of senators and this
was done In the convention which
nominated Mr. Taft, few delegates
from his own state voting for the
Gateway to Other Reforms.
"Shall the people, rule?" Every re
medial measure of a national charac
ter must run the gauntlet of the sen
ate.' The president may personally In
cline toward a reform; the house may
consent to It; but as long as the sen
ate obstruct the reform, the people
must wan. ma (.ilJy.: n;-;- SC?5 ?
popular demand; the house may yield
to public opinion; but as long as the
senate Is defiant, the rule of the peo
ple is defeated. The democratic plat
form very properly describes the pop
ular election of senators as "the gate.
way to other national reforms." Shall
we open the gate, or shall we allow
the exploiting Interests to bar the way
by the control of this branch of the
federal legislator. Through a demo
cratto victory, and through a demo.
cratic victory only, can the people so.
cure the popular election of senators
The smaller parties .are unable to se
cure this reform; the republican par
ty, under Its present leadership, ls.res-
olutely opposed to It; the democratic
party stunds for It and has boldly de.
manded It. If I am elected to th
presidency, those who are elected upon
the ticket with me, will be. like my
sen, pledged to this reform, and I
shall convene congress In extraordtn.
ary session Immediately after Inaugur
atlon, and ask, among other things,
for the fulfillment of this platform
DIhcukh Other Issue IjiU-r
onaii me people rule?" I reneat
his part In the campaign beconcealed i 's declared by our platform to be th.
until he has put the officials under overshadowing question, and as the
obligation to him? If a trust magnate
contributes 1100,000 to elect political
friends to office, with a view to pre
venting hostile legislation, why should
that fact be concealed until his friend
are securely seated in their official po
This is not a new question; It Is
question which has been agitated a
question which the republican leaders
fully understand a question which
the republican candidate has studied,
and yet' he refuses to declare himself
In favor of the legislation absolutely
necessary, namely, legislation requir
ing the publication before the election
Popular Election of Senator,
Next to th corrupt use of money,
th present method of electing United
States senators Is most responsible for
the obstruction of reforms. For 100
years after the adoption of the con
stltutlon, the demand for the popular
election of senator, while finding In
creased expression, did not become a
dominant sentiment. A constitutional
amendment had from time to time
been suggested and the matter hud
been more or less discussed In a few
of the states, but the movement had
not reached a point where It manl-
fested Itself through congressional ac
tion. In tho 52d congress, however,
a resolution vtas reported from a house
committee proposing the necessary
constitutional amendment and this re
solution passed the house of represen
tatives by a rote which was practi
cally unanimous. In th 53d congress
a similar resolution was reported, and
adopted by the house of representa
live. Both the 6!d and 53d con
grease were democratic. The repub
llcan gained control of the house as
a result of the election ot 1894 and In
the 54th congress tha proposition died
In committee. A time went on, how
ver, in sentiment grew upon the
people until It forced a republican
congress to follow th example set by
th democrat and then another and
another congress acted favorably.
State after atate ha endorsed this re
form, until nearly two-thirds ot the
state have recorded themselves In Its
favor. The United State senate, how.
ver. Impudently and arrogantly ob
structed th passage of the resolution,
notwithstanding the fact that the vot
er of the United States, by an over
whelming majority, demanded It.
And this refusal is the mart signifi
cant when It I remembered that a
number of senators owe their election
to great corporate Interests. Three
campaign progresses, I shall take oc
caslon to discuss this question as It
manifests itself In other Issues; fni
what ever we consider the tariff ques.
tlon; the railroad question; the bank
Ing question; tha labor question; the
question of Imperialism; the develop.
mcnt of our waterway or any of the
other numerous problems which' press
for solution, we shall find that the
real question Involved In each Is what
ever, the government shall remain a
mere business asset of favor-seeking
corporations or bo an Instrument In
the hands of the people for the ad
vaneement of the common weal.
Party Una Earned Confidence.
If the voters are satisfied with the
record of the republican party and
with Its management of public affair
we cannot reasonably ask for a change
In administration; If, however, the
voters feel that the people, a a whole,
have too little Influence In shaping
the policies of the government; If they
feel that great combinations of capi
tal have encroached upon the rights
of the masses, and employed the In
strumentalttles of government to se
cure an unfair share of the total
wealth produced, then we have a
right to expect a verdict against the
republican party and In favor of the
democratic party for our party has
risked defeat aye, suffered defeat
In It effort to arouse the conscience
of the public and to bring about that
very awakening to which Mr. Taft has
referred. Only those are worthy to be
entrusted with leadership In a great
cause who are willing to die for It.
and the democratic party has proven
Its worthiness by It refusal to pur.
chase victory by delivering the people
Into the hands of those who have de
spoiled them. In this contest between
democracy on on side and plutocracy
on tha other, the democratic party ha
taken It position on th side of equal
rights, and Invites the opposition of
those who use politic to ecure special
privilege and governmental favorit
ism. Gauging th progress of th na
tion, not by th happiness or wealth
or refinement of a few, but "by th
prosperity and advancement of the
average man, th democratic party
charge tha republican parly with be
ing th promoter of present abuses,
th opponent of necessary remedies,
and th only bulwark of private mon
opoly. The democratic party affirms
that In this campaign It 1 th only
(Continued on pagel.)
Fruit Season is Now On
Phone Us Your Orders for
Pints $1.10 doxen I
Quurts ................. 1JI5 doien J
2 Half gallons .$1.75dosen
J Extra clamps 10c doscn
, Extra caps 20c doxen j
Caps 18c dozen
V Rubber rings 20o, dozen .
Clnmp loedoicn
Extra large .Telly Glasses .. .4Sc dozen
These are ?n attractive and chape, ?"H are easily
worth 60 cents per dozen
I4II-I4I5 Adams Ave. Phone Red 1161'
A Guaranteed Cure
One thousand retail druggists
who arc the leaders of the drug
trade of the United States, and
that means the world, rated by
Bradstrect's and Dun's at twenty
m million dollars and whose retail
business aggregates over seventy
million dollars annual sales, have
. agreed to give their name, finan
cial backing and endorsement to
the guarantee that Rexall Mucu
Tone vill cure any disease or
. trouble arising from catarrh or
they will refund che money. We
are proud of our connection with
the Rexall Remedies, particularly
so of Mucu-Tone, because a rem
edy must be something out of the
ordinary to get our backing. It
is not all profit that leads us and
our one thousand associates into
endorsing this remedy; it is our
years of exDerience with nwii.
cines and our knowledge of them
that makes us believe that .Rexall
Mucu-Tone js a bona-fide discov
ry for the cure f all ailments
. due to catarrhal affection. We
know that it is not a cure at all,
but a remedy built on scientific
lines and not a patent medicine as
each one of the one thousand
druggists knows its formula and
its value. It has one great addi
tional value besides curing consti
tutional catarrh that it is a sys
tem builder. No such tonic was
ever before designed for the cur
ing of inflammation of the mu
cous membrane nor can it be
improved on in the present age."
Just stop and reason with your
self for one minute. We are do
ing business right here in your
midst. Could we afford to offer
our name and endorsement to
IMucu-Tone as we do if we did
not know that it was an honest
medicine? Could we afford to
agree as we do that we will re
fund every penny paid us for the
medicine if it docs not benefit.
All we ask is the customer's
word and the empty bottle and
we hand the money back. 'No
signed certificate. We believe the
public, especially the sick, are
honest, certainly every sick per
son who suffers from any of the
following ailments should take ad
vantage of our offer to-day. Rex
all Mucu-Tone cures catarrh of
the nose, throat, stomach, intes
tines, liver, kidneys or bladder,
and any who are convalcscine
from sickness of any kind should
take advantage of our offer and
purchase what we recommend as
We have a large trial siz!
t fifty cents and we guarantee it
or refund your money.
dtservt eonhdence.
As nil these Remedies
re grouped under one
name, they must succeed
er fail together. There
muit be no weak links
in this chain. One un
worthy remedy wouli
mean disaster for the en
tire plan. If you, for
example, purchased th
Rexall Cough Cure and
were not cured by it,
how could expect
you to plaet any faith
thereafter in the Rexall
Dyspepsia Cure or y
other member of the
Rexall family?
You can undtrttaai4t,
I therefore, why such aanx
ioiu care was given t
finding and choosins; the
remedies to which the
name "Rexall" was
given. We have ad.
mitted none to this cir
cle until our committee
of experts had been con
vinced by investigation
jnd test that it was the
best remedy knoien to
medical tcienci for the
. ailment it aimed to re
Hieve. ; Who should know bet
'trr than th leading
thousand druggists cf
'this country what are,
and what-are not, eflr
cient medicines?
Remember, the success
of our enterprise depends
on the merit of each fr.
dividual remedy. Our
reputation, which Is our
very business existence.
at stake, Ctn yon
'hat in buying a
Kexall Remedy you are
'"lying the best that
science and experience
can give you?
For Nervousness
Rexall mericanitis
Ehxir, 75c.
For Constipation.
Rexall Orderlies
Price, loc.
For Coughs
Rexall Cherry Jul,
large bottle, aSc
JSS ?,Iier R'l Rem
ii" ior 196 other ail.
A. T HIT 1
La Grande Oregon