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About The daily gazette-times. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1909-1921 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 13, 1909)
GAS FOR BATTLESHIPS
May Be Coming Power For Ves
sels of American Navy.
GREAT BENEFIT TO A FLEET.
Experiments In Wisconsin and Indiana
Give Promise of the Smokeless War
shipHow Its Fighting Efficiency
Will Be Increased and Coal Saved.
As a result of investigations recently
made in Wisconsin and Indiana officials
of the navy department at Washington
are convinced that the time is not far
distant when the. American battleship
fleet will be propelled through the wa
ter by means of gas engines. If the
expectations of the experts ate realized
It will mean an increase in the fight
ing efficiency of the modern man-of-war
and a great saving to the govern
ment for the maintenance of its fleet
and will .have a decided influence upon
naval strategy. ,
Commander W. W. White, retired,
and Lieutenant Commander John K.
Iioblson, representing the bureau of
steam engineering, of the navy depart
ment, recently made an investigation
at West Allis, Wis., and Gary Ind.,
Into gas plants with a view to ascer
taining to what extent the same sys
tem can be applied to ships of war.
Their report indicates that they enter
tain some hope of a revolution in that
branch of engineering. There has been
a steady development for several years,
in the use of gas as a motive power,
confined largely, however, to stationary
engines ashore. The experts say that
IUC unit: ia uirt 11 l vil VY 11$. 11 1 L Will uc
possible to install a number of gas en
gines giving in the aggregate the re
quired horsepower to drive the largest
-vessel of the American navy through
Reduce Weight of Machinery.
'fc.When this is accomplished there will
be an absence of smoke, which now
obscures . observation and interferes
with the recognition of signals and,
what is more important, indicates the
location of a fleet 'to the enemy. It
will mean also a reduction in the
weight of the machinery, thus enabling
constructors and ordnance officers to
use the weights in other directions,
probably by increasing the thickness
of the armor or adding to the arma-
'ii.T,. Ttiie lot-tor faafrnra will ronnirp
-a general oveinauuug ui iue Hiiuuge
iment of the main battery of a battle
ship and a probable increase in the
number and caliber of the guns.
Another factor which attracts .the fa
vor of the experts is the prospect that
there will be a saving in coal eonsump-
it W7hirh will onn"hlp thA shin tn
farther on the fuel in its bunkers than
Ss now the case. This increase in
steaming radius means much in -the
efficiency , of a battleship in time of
Tvar and a great economy in coal con
sumption in time of peace. In the lan
guage of naval experts, it means that
a "warship; will be longer in pursuit
and more elusive of capture, as the
case may be."-
Steam Bureau to Conduct an Inquiry.
. The naval engineers do not wish it?
to be. understood that they look for any
immediate change which shall bring
8 bout this desirable condition. It is a
fjnt however that- thev have been
profoundly impressed with -the situa
tion as it is developing in the west and
think the time is coming when war
ships will be- propelled by a fuel which
does not create srrioke. It will be some
years before the full effect of all this
is realized, and in the meantime the
bureau of steam engineering will con
duct an inquiry which will put the
service in possession of the latest in
formation and give it the benefit of the
advance of science.
DUCAL STREET SWEEPER.
Omaha "White Wings" (Got Ps.-jers
Saying He's a Russian Duke.
Sweeping the streets of Omaha, Neb.,
at $1.75 a day, John Panuska recently
received papers purporting to show
that he is a duke of the Hussian em
pire and is the owner of vast estates in
the country of the czar.
"I believe I had just about as soon
sweep the streets of an American city
as to be a Russian duke," said Panus
ka as he went on with his work.
The papers came from a firm of law
yers in Prague. The Panuska family
was driven from its estates more than
a hundred years ago, and took refuge in
Austria. The estates were -usurped by
others, and the Panuska family sank
into nothingness and became peasants,
according to the history.
John Panuska emigrated to America
years ago, leaving younger brothers in
Austria. Some years ago one of these,"
rame'mbering the tradition that : his
great-grandf ather's family was enti
tled to great wealth in Russia, began
an investigation which resulted in the
" papers. The American Panuska is the
oldest member, of the family. Wheth
er he will return to Russia or remain
in America is a question with Panuska.
" Volunteer Balloon Corps.
According to recent announcement
by . a. group of Boston aeronauts, Mas
sachusetts is to have the first volun
teer balloon corps in the world. Plans
are being made for organizing and
equipping the aeronautic cohort at
once, and official recognition by the
state militia is expected. The volun
teer corps will consist of men interests
, d in aeronautics and , will be made
up of two 'divisions pilot 'and mete
'. orological. : The" pilot division will in
clude leading balloonist now making
ascensions In Massachusetts for pleas
ure. In the "meteorological division
will be prominent scientists.
LATHAM OF AIRSHIP FAME.
Sidelights on French Aviator Who
. Holds World's Aviation Record.
Hubert 'Latham, the French aviator
who recently .made at the aviation
meet in Rheims, France, a new world's
record for distance with his birdlike
Antoinette monoplane,.' smashing il.
Paulhan's distance record by a flight
of 95.88 miles in a little over two
hours, speaks English freely and nat
urally, without a trace of accent but
there is occasionally a suspicion of
Gallic phrasing that gives a piquancy
to his conversation. He is rather a
good looking young man. slight and
light, weighing about 130 pounds, with
a fair skin showing a golden tan and'
light brown hair. .Without making any
literary allusion or ever naming a book-j
or an author he gives one the impres
sion that be has read well and that his
taste is fastidious. - " V,.-
now twenty-six years ;
of age. He was born in Paris, but
his father came from Lancashire. He
has done his military service in
France and is a French citizen. He
spent fifteen months at Baliol college.
Oxford university, where he first ac
quired a liking for sports. In Feb
ruary. 1905. he accompanied his cousin,
Jacques Faure. the well known aero-
naut on the record balloon trip across ;
the channel, landing at the gates of
Paris six hours after leaving the Crys
tal palace. In the spring of 1906 -he
drove an Antoinette moforbOat at
Monte Carlo, which brought him into
relations with M. Levavasseur, the
creator of the Antoinette monoplane.
Mr. Latham is a splendid shot and
In sang froid and general demeanor
quite Anglo-Saxon. Four years ago
be went elephant hunting in the Su
dan and in the following year made a i
trip from Khartum to Abyssinia, trav
eling south to the frontier of British
East Africa and thence visiting India
and French Indo-China. -'"
Those who have watched him fly
have been most struck by the absence
of the slightest shade of nervousness
or even of anxiety at moments when
other aviators, would display a certain
lack of ease. During one of his longest
flights, made in' a heavy rain, he took
both hands from the wheels and levers
and let the machine take care 'of itself
while he lit a cigarette. He was still
smoking , nonchalantly when he came
to earth and was carried shoulder high
by the spectators. - His monoplane is
fitted with a little ash ..tray close to
the pilot's seat. -
NEW WORLD STORY IN MARBLE
Sculptors at Work on Groups For
Bureau of American Republics.
The work of New. York sculptors for
the bureau , of . American . republics,
which is neing erected iu; Washington
largely through funds contributed by
Andrew Carnegicis approaching com
pletion and. it is expected, will be fin
ished early this fall. :
On the facade of the -building will be
a marble panel by Gutzon Borglum
depicting General Washington bidding
farewell to his generals. Adorning the
facade also will - be another marble
panel, by - Isidore Konti. , representing
General Bolivar assumiug command of
the South American army of libera
tion. An elaborate frieze for the interior j
of the building.- illustrating scenes in
the history of the Latin American re
publics, .is .being modeied by Mrs. Sally
HOW "0. K." CAME INTO USE.
Death of a Toledo Man Recalls Origin
. of the Expression,
Cornelius Kendall, youngest son of
Orrin Kendall, from whose initials the
use of "O. K." (meaning all right) is
said to have sprung, was buried in
Toledo, O.. his death having taken
place there a few days ago. , In the
civil war Mr. Kendall was a member
of the Chicago board1 of trade" bat
tery and was also a member of the
firm of O. Kendall & Sons, whose
bakery was in Chicago.
THe firm furnished bread and crack
ers for" the army, and on the crackers
were the initials "O. K." : These crack
ers are said to have been-tbe only ones
the soldiers relished, and their expres
sion "'These are all right" later devel
oped Into "These are t. K."
Bay -State Preacher Claims to Have
-""-.'- Banished Pest.
The Rev. Amos N.'Soroers. a Onita-
rian minister at Montague. Mass., re
cently stated that he has succeeded in
growing a "bugproof" potato.' He said:
"The vines of my potatoes, have a
peculiar odor which is offensive to
the potato bug, for. it never goes near
them.. I have taken bugs from plants
of the usualtype in the next, row in
my potato patch and put them in my
new vines, and in half an hour I can't
find one." .-. --' ; . .
- New Substitute For Rubber. ;
In a new process for making a sub
stitute for -India rubber the materials
used are animal , refuse capable of
yielding gelatin. , oils. . sulphur, chro-
mates and sodium stannate, the addi
tion of the last named salt being the
distinguishing feature of the process.
.. - -' .
i f Fortune From a New Perfume. 7
An English chemist says that half k.
million dollars may be made by any
one who creates a new perfume.
The . Modern Maiden to- Her Lover.'
You say that . through fire and through
. - water . - ' , :
For tne you would 'go. ' It Is well. - - "
As old Mother Earth's loving daughter , .
That story I like you to tell. ,
Buf Bleriot's -prowess has led me ;
The elements further. to dare,
And II you are anxious to wed me.
Sir Knight,-you must come througl the
air! . - .. v
MODEL CHINESE CITY
Professor E. D. Burton Declares
Chengtu Has No Graft Nor Dirt.
STREET BEGGING STOPPED.
Vagrants Arrested Made to Work.
Wonderful Municipality . Found In
Western China by Chicago Savants
While on Tour of Research.
Chengtu, a city lying deep In west
ern China, but more modern than New
York or Chicago, was recently describ
ed by Professor E. D. Burton of the
I University of ChicagOi The city was
, taken by the professor as an excellent
! Illustration of the new impulse toward
civilization in the far east. ,
, , According to Professor Burton,
Chengtu is far, ahead of both New
Yvork and Chicago. A chief of police
who has ordered all beggars from the
streets and who teaches the indolent
to work according to the precepts of
modern sociology, a head of the street
cleaning department who keeps the
city cleaner than New York or even
paris, a superintendent of schools who
Is instilling modern education in law
and mining and engineering as rapidly
as possible these are features of the
strange story. The narrative sheds a
new light on China and her people.
' "Cleaner Than Chicago."
Dr. Burton was sent by the TJniver
sity of Chicago about a year and a half
ago to study educational conditions in
the far east. A short time thereafter
! Professor T. CT Chamberlin was dis
patched as a fellow commissioner, but
he encircled the globe, going in the op
posite direction. The two met in east
ern China and thence went together
into the little known western region,
where they found the remarkable city.
Dr. Chamberlin returned to Chicago
by way of New York the other day.
Dr. Burton reached Chicago several
."We found that thev bead of the
street cleaning department of Chengtu
is a man who has traveled and who
has ideas." said Professor Burton. "He
had organized an efficient corps of.
sweepers, and once a day the pav
ments were gone pver carefully with
brooms. The dust was carted away In
bags on the backs of cooties. The city
Is far .cleaner than New York, and, as
for Chicago, thereis no comparison.
No Graft In. Chengtu.
"There is no police court in Chengtu.
, The head of the department could give
Uhe New York guardians of the law
many pointers on how to suppress vice
and put down lawlessness.
."One of his recent reforms is the
stopping of street begging. Vagrants
who were arrested he sent to the work
house and kept them tjjiere until they
learned a trade. It seems that there
! is no effort made to help this class of
citizens in either New York or Chi
cago. . I- ... 'v. - .. ,'.
"The city has also Instituted a sys
tem of compulsory education. Unlike
New York, and Chicago, it is the plan
to make each child a producer of
wealth. The schools teach only those
branches of literature that will be of
benefit in making a lining. -
"In almost every department of mu
nicipal government Chengtu could be
well studied by the cities of America."
COWS THAT WEAR COATS.
More - Milk, Too,. After Their
Teeth Are Brushed.
Two novel- methods for dairy farm
ing, originated and tried by W. JKel
sey Schoepf. a wealthy traction man,
are now. a part of the routine on his
farm in Glendale, a suburb" of Cincin
nati. Each one'of the Schoepfs twenty-four
full blooded Jerseys, the herd
valued at $75,000, wears a one piece
cream colored linen coat every day to
keep off the flies, and thrice daily
their ' teeth are brushed carefully by
two farm hands.
Mr. Schoepf has always been of the
Opinion that If a cow's teeth were
cleaned and its disposition kept unruf
fled better health and better milk
would result. Accordingly -when it
was reported that the cows wearing
the coats and having their teeth clean
ed produced two gallons of better milk
daily the orders became permanent
Ninety pounds of butter are sold each
week after the Schoepf residences In
Cincinnati and New York are , sup
plied. - Mr. Schoepfs first innovation
in farming was to order a daily bath
for each of his Jersey cows.
Discovery of a New Island.
Captain Xuatrevau.x of the French
steamer Thiers, .who recently arrived
at San Francisco from Newcastle, In
Australia, announced that he has dis
covered a new Island in the Pacific
waters near the Galbiers group. Ac
cording to the captain, navigation in
the latitude of these, islands is most
dangerous. ', It was only with the great
est trouble that he navigated them n
safety and that Ms vessel escaped be
ing dashed on the roclts. The island
Is situated in 25degrees 25 south lati
tude and 128 degrees 90 west longitude.'
. - Rings May Be In Preserves.
The loss of $680 worth of- diamonds
Isn't worrying ' Mrsi R. A. McCleavey
of" Austin, III., nearly so much as the
possibility that she may have to open
all of her canned peaches in the search
for the jewels. Mrs. McCleavey re
ported her loss to the police a few
days ago. She says she may have
worn the rings while canning peaches,
in which case they slipped off and are
in the preserves, carefully sealed. She
declared she will have to wait until
winter without knowing to a -certainty
whether the rings were tolen. '
, The partnership of Johnson and John
son, owners of the Toggery, Corvallis,
Oregon, has ' been this day dissolved,
R. C. Herron having acquired the in
terests of J. C. Johnson and B. W.
Johnson in the business, which will be
hereafter conducted by C. V.- Johnson
and R. C. Herron, under the firm name
of Johnson & Herron. The latter
firm assumes and the liabilities of the
Johnson & Johnson.
Johnson & Herron
Corvallis, Ore., Sept, 1, 1909 9-3-10t
Opens Sept 7th
The Academy of Our Lady of
Perpetual Help will re-open on
September 7th. : By means of the
new addition and the remodeling
of the building the school is now
equipped with all modern im
provements, and with a corps of
competent teachers may be de
pended upon to do. thorough) work
both in the grades and highsehool
For particulars apply to Sister
Superior, 225 West Ninth St,
Albany, Oregon. 8-19 to 9-191
Homes Newport Property.:
Sixty choice lots more or less in New
port, Oregon, (one of the most health-
i . . ' .
xui ami popular summer ana winter re
sorts) for sale or will exchange f or oth
er good property. Property near Gor
vallis preferred. - Will supply funds to
buyers of these lots to build homes
thereon. Address M. S. Woodcock,
Corvallis, Oregon. thurs.. tf '
GEO. W. DENMAN
Attorney at Law
; , CORVALLIS, OREGON
Office in Fischer building, over Graham
. . , . & Wortham drug store '
The Daily Gazette-Times
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W. F. MATLOCK,
Is a delightful resort and a happy combination of pleas
ure ground possibilities. An ideal climate diversion of
recreation perfect bathing boating fishing riding driv
ing, and exploring, make Newport a most charming and
popular play ground. .
' Southern Pacific Co.
Special Summer Excursion Rate to Newport of
From CORVALLIS, OREGON
Ask for our booklet "Outings in Oregon."
R. C. LINVILLE, Agent, CORVALLIS. ORE.
WM. M'MURRAY, General Passenger Agent
Tenth and Morrison, Portland, Oregon gg A. P. Armstrong, LL.B., Principal
Old in years,new in methods, admittedly the high-standard
commercial school of the Northwest! Open all the year. More
calls for help than we can meet position certain. Class and
individual instruction. Bookkeeping from written forms and by
office practice. Shorthand that excels in every respect. Special
penmanship department. Write for illustrated catalogue.
Biggest and Best Paper in the Willamette Valley
Forty-eighth Annual Exhibition
Will Be Greater Than Ever
feS'Ooo in Premiums
14, 15, 16, 17, 18,
Grand Showing of Live Stock
U Racing Program Complete
Reduced Rates On All Railroads
COME AND BRING YOUR FRIENDS
F. A. WELCH,