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About The daily gazette-times. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1909-1921 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 11, 1909)
SPAIN'S BEAUTY CITY
Glimpses of Barcelona, Hotbed of
the Present Revolution.
DIVIDED INTO TWO SECTIONS
It Has Its Old and New Quarters, an
Ancient History and Beautiful Build-
ings Spain's Most Important Com
mercial and Industrial Town.
Barcelona, where the present dis
content of the people throughout Spain
over the continuation of the fighting
against the Moors at Melilla, in Moroc
co, recently assumed the character of
civil war, is the capital of the captain
generalcy of 'Catalonia as well as the
most important commercial and indus
trial town in Spain. It is on an un
dulating plain on the shore of the Med
iterranean, in about the same latitude
as Borne. On the southeast rise the
Montjuich hills, crowned by fortifica
tions; on the three other sides of the
plain stretches a picturesque mountain
background. The suburbs are a series
of cultivated semitropical gardens,
and beyond the plain is dotted with
villages and farms and intersected
with beautiful streams. Don Quixote
described the city as "unique both in
-beauty and situation," and even in
anodern days, when the smoke of fac
tory chimneys takes away some of the
:.ormer plcturesqueness, it ranks as
-- one of the most attractive of Mediter
Barcelona has a population of
--"530,000, counting the old and new
" itowns together. The houses of the
aiew town are largely built of hewn
stone, which make an imposing ap-'
; pearance, and the streets are laid out
very regularly. The busy life of the
city centers in the Rambla, a charm-
. .7 1. I ..V. H
Aug piuuieuttut; wmuu uunes uic uiu
town with the new and along which
are the principal theaters, shops and
cafes and where- the pretty flower
girls display their wares under the
; shade of the plane trees,
f City of Two Parts.
""The old city was formerly surround
" -ed by a line of ramparts defended by
a citadel on the northeast erected by
Philip V., but as these fortifications
restricted the development of the town
-they were abolished by the local au
thorities in 1845 despite the opposition.
of the central government. The walls
of the uioat were, turned into cellars,
and the ground was laid out in gar
dens. The city rapidly spread out to
the northwest, and in- 1860 an elabo
rate plan was made for laying out new
districts. Thus the town is divided
Into old and new, the old interesting
for Its irregular, narrow streets and its
houses, built in eastern fashion, chief -'J-
ly of brick, four to five stories in
height, with flat roofs. - " '
Old Barcelona forms a hexagon, on
- the southeast aide of which lies the
harbor.- On the highest point of the
town, the Monte Taber, stands the
cathedral, one of the finest specimens
of Spanish Gothic architecture. It is
: on a site once occupied by a Roman
temple and later by a Moorish mosque.
The building of the cathedral was be
- gun In 1298, and the keystone of the
vaulting was laid by Andres Escuder
In 1448. The scale is not large, but
the . arrangement and lighting are so
fine that the Impression of great size
is given. To the right and left of the
northeast doorway are two inscriptions
relating to the building of the church
' Magnificent Sunset Effects.
The interior of the cathedral is very
dark, but impressive. The small win
. dows contain the finest fifteenth cen
tury stained glass, and the sunset ef
fects upon them are magnificent. One
of the most interesting of the chapels
Is . that of Santo Cristi de Lepanto,
. 'which contains the "Christ of Lepan
to," said to have been carried by Don
John of Austria in bis flagship at the
famous battle of Oct. 6, 1571. The
Image of the Saviour is said to be
"bending Its head to escape a Turkish
A number of Interesting buildings
are grouped near the cathedral. The
Canonjla (canonry) dates from the fif
teenth century, and on the back wall is
n mural painting of "The Last Supper."
The shoemakers' guild house is an ex
ample of sixtenth century ' renais
" sance. Not far off stands the palacio
opiscopal, .which dates from 926,
though rebuilt since then. It contains
some Romanesque remains, and one of
Its gateways is partly of Roman work
manship. The City's Mythical Founder.
"In the Calle del Paradis behind the
cathedral are burled three Corinthian
columns fifty feet in height which are
- probably the remains of the portico of
" a Roman temple, described by legend
as dedicated to Hercules, the mythical
founder of Barcelona. '. The general
archive, erected for Charles V., is an
Interesting Gothic structure containing J
: about 4,000,000 documents, and ' the
Provincial museum, too, is worthy of
..." note. .
Barcelona's place in the commercial
history of Spain . is one of pre-eminence.
- In the twelfth and thirteenth
centuries it was the rival of Venice
and Genoa. The merchants-of Barce
lona could be found trading with all
the Mediterranean ports, with the
"Netherlands and the orient. With the
emancipation of the Spanish-American
colonies : a' decline ' set - in, but this
"'" -proved only temporary, and now its
. commercial and industrial status is
ojilte assured. , The town; Is sometimes
' alled "the Manchester of Spanish
Xancashire," and Its cotton, silk and
-woolen mills are famous. Into its har-
oor, too, cpme ships from all the coto-j
Hies, bringing tremendous cargoes of
Imports from all parts of the world.
TO PROTECT OREGON CAVES.
President Taft Makes Marble Grottoes.
- a National Monument.
President Taft recently signed a
proclamation making a national monu-.
ment of the Oregon caves or "marble
halls" of Josephine county, in south
ern Oregon. These natural wonders
are located in the Siskiyou national
forest, about thirty miles south of
Grant's pass, in Cave mountain.
The caves are in -marble and other
limestones and consist of innumerable
caverns, corridors and passageways of
various - sizes, all of them decorated
beyond description in crystallized car
bonates: They have been explored to
a distance of two miles or more, the
lowest of them being at a depth of
about 2,000 feet below the summit of
Cave mountain, the highest being some
700 or 800 feet above it There are
many passageways and rooms- which
have never been opened, and with
these distant and unexplored openings
the magnitude of the Oregon caves is
These natural wonders were discov
ered in 1874 by Elijah Davidson while
bear hunting, and the greater part of
the exploration work was done by F.
M. Nickerson of Kerby, Ore., in 1877,
when four floors of levels were par
tially opened. Many of the old ladders
used at that time are still in use.
Cave mountain, the peak which con
tains these caves, rises to an elevation
of about 6,000 feet and is of limestone
formation. The main openings around
which the national monument has
been created are at an elevation of
4,000 feet, but the entire mountain side
for five or six miles shows caverns of
various sizes and in all probability is
honeycombed throughout its interior
like the portion whfch has been ex
plored. Many small streams are found
at different elevations and larger
bodies of running water can be heard
in bottomless pits, so far as measured.
This running water probably accounts
for currents of wind that in some of
the galleries blow so hard as to ex
tinguish an open light at once. -
The lime deposits take "many beauti
ful forms massive pillars, delicate
stalactites of alabaster whiteness with
the crystal drop of water carrying its
minute deposit of lime from which
they are formed, and broad sheets re
sembling drapery with graceful curves
and waves that were certainly made
by varying currents of wind during
In past years visitors have broken
off and carried away many of the most
valuable specimens, and this destruc
tion, as well as to retain these natural
wonders as public property, induced
the recommendation to place them in a
national monument. '
BANK FOR SPINSTERS.
Bostonians Plan to Make Single Wo
' J " -7 men Independent. . :
A movement has been started In Bos
ton by Mrs. Glendower Evans, a well
known clubwoman, to establish a pen
sion bank for spinsters; which, she be
lieves, will do away with mercenary
marriages, penniless spinsters, worry
about husbands and jokes about old
maids. She has already presented her
plan to the members of the Massachu
setts insurance commission and has in
terested many clubwomen in her proj
ect. Her first problem was to- deter
mine the age of the spinster, and after
careful deliberation she decided that
It begins at forty years. Before that
age, she says, a woman has good
chances of matrimony. A depositor,
however, may open an account with
the insurance bank as early in life as
she pleases, and if she marries before
she is forty she receives a goodly' sum
to start housekeeping with. If she re
mains unmarried she retains her bank
account and at the age of fifty begins
to receive a regular annuity. If ' a
woman decides to marry after reach
ing the age of forty she gets her money
back on demand. ,
The plan is so unusual that Mrs.
Evans expects to encounter difficulty,
she . thinks, . and some opposition in
making women understand that the
plan is to their advantage. But she
has a philanthropic band of Boston
women back of her who are" ready and
willing to explain the spinster insur
ance principle to spinsters.
The insurance " commission declares
that it is the most unusual banking
proposition ever advanced in America
and that .the women Interested are en
ergetic enough to make it conform to
the Massachusetts insurance laws..
COMPACT OF THE WRIGHTS.
Aeroplanists Won't Risk Both Lives at
Same Time by Flying Together.
The Wright brothers, the famous
aeroplanists, never make a flight to
gether and never will, according to a
compact they have made, says a Wash
ington dispatch. Thus if one 'Should
.be killed there still remains the other
to carry on the work.
.The question came up the other day
as to who should accompany either of
them in the Fort Myer flights, for un
der their -contract the aeroplane must
carry two persons before it will be ac
cepted. When asked why he would
not take his brother Orville Wright
said: "We will never fly together. It
would not be wise for the both of us
to sail in the same machine." . v
The death of Lieutenant Selfridge is
said to have caused the compact.
Gold Covers For Diamond Earrings.
"An invention-which-will be welcome
to many women is a hollow gold ball
to snap over a diamond or pearl ear
ring. The balls are designed, of course.
for traveling, but they will be of use
at other times as well. The tiny globes
are ornamental -and are easily detach
ed. They are made to fit gems of
various sizes. .
Cause of the Trouble With Moors
KABYLE-TRIBES TO BLAME.
Their Attack on Some Spanish Mines
Near Melilla Before the Spaniards
Were - Ready Precipitated the Crisis.
Spain's Foes Are Born Soldiers.
The immediate cause of the trouble
at Melilla, Morocco, which has cost
Spain so dear, occurred on July 8,
when some Moors laid an ambush at
the Spanish mines on the railroad near
Melilla for the purpose of making some
prisoners in order to exchange them
for Moors who had recently been ar
rested for an assault on a policeman.
Four of the miners were killed. There
upon a detachment of the Melilla gar
rison went out under General Marina
and routed the Moors, though not
without difficulty, as the bayonet had
to be used, and the Spaniards lost
twenty-nine killed and wounded."
Spanish Mines Raided.
The remote cause of the Melilla trou
ble datesback about a year and a half,
when two Spanish mining companies,
one of them operated with French cap
ital, began work at a point about fif
teen miles from Melilla under the pro
tection of Roghi Kaid, who then was
supreme in that region. In October of
last year the tribes revolted, defeated
Roghi and raided the mines, which
then ceased work. The Spanish gov
ernment proceeded to protect them;
but, although some of the tribes did
not object, others were hostile, and the
, MTTXiAI HABTD, STJIiTAN OF MOBOOCO.
whole- district became much disturbed,
so that it was not till last June that
the miners were able to resume work..
Under the' treaty of 1860 between
Morocco and Spain the sultan is under
obligation to furnish regular troops for
the protection of the Spanish posses
sions of Ceuta and Melilla against the
always more or less unruly Riff tribes
But he has never done this, and when
Spain' recently sent Minister Merry del
Val to Fez to call Mulai Hafid's atten
tion- to this fact the sultan not only
refused to listen, but insulted the min
ister. He refused to acknowledge the
mining concessions at Melilla and also
demanded that the Spaniards with
draw from points where they had
posted troops to prevent contraband
traffic in arms as a condition prior to
any discussion of the matter. Then
the Spanish government voted $700,-
000 for the strengthening of. the garri
sons of . Melilla and Ceuta ; and no
doubt would have soon been much bet
ter prepared to deal , with a Moorish
attack, but the incident above related
precipitated a crisis before the, Span
iards were reaay.ior it.
. Born Soldiers."
The Eabyle tribes, which are of Ber
ber origin, are the people with whom
the soldiers of Spain- are contending
for supremacy on the Riff coast of
Morocco. These tribesmen, who are
Sunni ' Moslems, are born soldiers
Those of the plains have been recently
engaged in carrying out -public works
connected with Spain's mining inter-.
ests on the coast, while those of the
mountains by sudden raids have pe
riodically undone the -work of their
brothers of the plains.
' The-present revolt is due to" the in
spiration Of the new sultan of Moroc
co, who recently, it is said, ordered
the Spaniards to evacuate the Riff
coast The Kabyles, in. carrying on
the revolt, are using some Mauser ri
fles which were sold to them for his
personal profit by General Margaollo,
governor of Melilla, who recently was
killed in a sortie. -
Spanish Forts In Ruins.
The Riff coast came into possession
of Spain ; after the Moors had been
driven out of Europe in the fifteenth
century and were pursued into Africa.
To prevent a second Moorish invasion,
Spain began at once to fortify this
coast,' and by the middle of the sev
enteenth century from Ceuta to Me
lilla and eastward -as far as the Al
gerian frontier, was' a . strong line ' of
fortifications. Most of the forts are
how far .advanced in ruin, and all are
obsolete. - Some "had been-evacuated
even as early as the beginning of the
nineteenth century. and, 'with the con
nivance of successive, Spanish govern
ors, became the stronghold of pirates
until the latter were swept from the
sea by the combined efforts' of France,
England and the JJnited States. ' :
"Be wise to-day, 'tis madness to de
fer. Young. ,
Ad S3 JpC
GREAT BASEBALL ENTHUSIAST
Career of Harry C. Piiltiam, Late Na
tional League President. "
Harry Clay Pulliam, president of the -
National League of Professional Base
ball Clubs, who recently died in New -fork
by shooting -himself," was born in .
Seottsville, Ky., thirty-nine years ago,
and soon after .finishing his college
course he went to Louisville to take-:
ap newspaper work. He served part
of the time in the capacity of city
editor, but was also interested in baseball.-
In 1898 he resigned as city ed-'
Itor of the Louisville Commercial to
accept the presidency of the Louisville
club. Prior to that he had served a
year in the Kentucky legislature.
In Louisville Pulliam formed the ac
quaintance of Barney Dreyfuss, now
the owner of the Pittsburg club. They -.
were associated in baseball for a num
ber of years in ' Louisville and Pitts
burg. . Dreyfuss became president of
the Louisville club, and Pulliam be
came his secretary and treasurer.
When Dreyfuss got hold of the Pitts
burg club and transferred his players
there he took Pulliam with him.
One of Pulliam's greatest "discov
eries" in baseball was finding Hans '
Wagner, the best player in the game
today. - Wagner was playing in Pater
son, N. J., at the time, and Pulliam
went there on the recommendation of
a friend and looked Wagner over. He
signed him to a contract and took" him
Pulliam stayed with the Pittsburg
club until 1902, when he was elected
president of the National league, suc
ceeding N. E. Youngr About the time
of his 'accession to the presidency
peace was brought about between the
National league and the American
league, which had been at war.
Pulliam proved to be an energetic
official for the National league and
with considerable executive ability.
During Ms regime many - vexatious
problems have arisen, and he always
was active and conscientious in dealing
with such matters. He was anything
but a figurehead president. One of
the-hardest problems be .had to deal
with was the famous New York-Chi
cago game of last year, which ended
In a row at the Polo grounds in New
York and was afterward played over
tn the order of the board of directors.
Once or twice efforts were made at
the league annual meetings to oust Pul
liam from the presidency, his adminis
tration not suiting all hands, but he
had too strong support among the mag-
nates, and the oppositon to him dwin
dled away. He was -high strung and
plain spoken, but impartial, and his
honesty of purpose always has been
recognized. - "-
While he was in office the National
league came to enjoy-greater prosper
ity .than it ever had before, the exist
ence of two big leagues operating un
der a peace compact being partly re- -sponsible
for the prosperity. Some of
iC however,1 was due to his own efforts
for the welfare of the game. rHe al
ways had been a stickler for having
his.; umpires treated with the respect
he considered was-due them and stuck
to his Umpires through thick and thin.
WOMAN TRAIL BLAZER.
Exploit of Mrs. James A. "Cruikshank
In the White Mountains.
A slender little woman Mrs. James
A. ; Cruikshank of New York recently
completed a feat which no one of the
many mountaineers who have for years
explored the White mountains has ever
attempted the blazing of a new and
easily accessible trail from Mount
Field to Mount Willey, according to a
dispatch from Bretton Woods, N. H.
Accompanied by her husband, who
was always in the rear and only pres
ent as a guard, Mrs, Cruikshank
walked, crawled or climbed over fif
teen miles of heavily wooded mountain
country, . three miles of which had
never been invaded previously and
most of which Tvas such as to test the
powers of the most experienced of
Although Mount Field and Mount
Willey were already the terminals of
trails from other mountains, they have
never been connected by a path until
the other night.
. Mrs. Cruikshank holds a record for
mountain climbing in Canada.
, -' :-- College Boys Growing.
Measurements by scientists" bring
out the interesting fact that the Amer
ican college athlete of today is a much
larger man than his father was and is
constantly growing. - The ; average
height of the Yale athlete today is an
Inch and a half more than it was five
years ago; he is twenty-two pounds
heavier, with three inches' moreT chest
development and forty-two cubic
inches more lung capacity; the average
height of the Yale athletes is now 5
feet 9.9 inches and their weight exact
ly -170.5 pounds. At an examination
of Harvard- atheletes Professor Sar
gent found that they were an inch
taller 'and from four to- five pounds
heavier - than were the students of
thirty years ago.
'-'' Jarless Automobile Wheel.
George Freisen of North Yakima,
Wash., has , completed an automobile
wheel which, it is believed, will do
away with the jar, at present a bad
feature of the pneumatic tire, and
also lessen the expense. The Inven
tion is"the product of two years' work
and absorbs all the jar of the machine. .
Freisen has applied for a patent.
" " Plan to Cure Fear of Lightning. ' . "
A German has discovered '.an easy
way to r take away a child's fear of
lightning.: : He struck some matches;
and compared the 'sudden flaring of
the light to tte lightning without The
child got Intensely interested and has
never since been afraid 'bt a thiflder
By September we will move to
our new location in the White
side Building, opposite the Pal
ace Theater, where we will
have a large and complete stock
of Millinery and everything in
Ladies' Furnishing Goods. A
-A Store of Ladies' Merchandise
The only store of its kind in
, the city.
L. & G. B. ANDERSON
Summer Kates East
During the Season 1909
Southern Pacific Co.
To OMAHA and Return - - $62.60
To KANSAS CITY and Return $62.60
To ST. LOUIS and Return - - $70.10
To CHICAGO and Return - - $75.10
and to other principal cities in the Bast, Middle West and South.
Correspondingly low fares."
On Sale June 2,3; July 2, 3; August 11, 12
To DENVER and Return - - $57.60
On Sale May 17, July 1, August 11
Going transit limit 10 days from date of sale, final return limit October
These tickets present some very attractive features in the way of stop--over
privilegesand choice of routes; thereby enabling passengers to make
side trips to many interesting points enroute.
Routing on the return trip through California may te had at a slight
advance over the rates quoted.
: Full particulars, sleeping car reservations and tickets will be furnished
by R. C LINNVILLB, Southern Pacific local agent at Corvallis or
WM. M'MURRAY, General Passenger Agent
COPrlfeSHIED BOS BV IX HOTT0N MP6 Ctt.
Fish in q Tack le
and all kinds of
Can be found here at prices that
cannot be duplicated for goods
of similar fine quality. A good
fisherman knows and appreciates
good rods, lines, etc.". All of
which can be had at our estab
ishment.. ; r -
Heater & Harrington
SUCCESSORS TO M. M. LONG
Phone 126 Corvallis, Oregon
GEO. W. DENMAN
Attorney at Law
Office In Fischer building, over Graham j
& Wortham drug store .-.'."
THE PALM CAFE
vmrro & riethan. Prop.
" : Six o'clock Dinners Banquets. Dinner
Parties and Sunday Dinners
Ne zt Palace Theater, Corvallij,0re.
E. E. WILSON
Attorney .At Law
Zierolf Bldg. Corvallis, Oregon
Powerful and rapid well ma;
chine run by gasoline engine.
Wind mill pump repairing,
and drove wells a specialty.
Place your orders now before the
season's rush work is on.
A. N. HARLAN -Box
526 Corvallis, Oregon
Taunon & Bumap
I Cement Contractors -
Makers of Best Cement Walks in Town
All work- guaranteed - first
. Corvallis, Ore
The Daily Gazette-Times
By carrier or mail, 50c per mo.
Lei us send it to you.
IU liy Stables
Everything new and up to
date. Rigs furnished on
. short notice. Call
and give us a
JOSEPH R WILSON
Attorney at Law .
Office: Burnett Building, .
. - ' Corvallis, Oregon
- - Phone 1333