Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Oregon daily emerald. (Eugene, Or.) 1920-2012 | View Entire Issue (April 11, 1947)
PNCC Resolutions Defined
Several students have requested a brief explanation of the resolutions
on the United Nations ballot sponsored by the Pacific Northwest Col
lege Congress which University students are now considering for rati
fication. The following item-by-item explanation comes from the Oregon
1. Procedural matters are those dealing with routine matters that
come before the UN Security Council; as the word implies— procedure.
Substantive matters are those dealing with the important, the vital
matters. The purpose of this resolution is to definitely establish which
questions are substantive and which are procedural in order to deter
mine when the veto power may or may not be used. According to the
UN Charter, the veto power is applicable only in substantive matters
(See next question.)
2. In effect this resolution would disallow the use of the veto power
by any of the Big Five nations (U.S., U.S.S.R., Great Britain, France,
China) when they are a party to a dispute brought before the Security
Council. As it now stands any one of the Big Five may invoke the veto
and thus prevent any action being taken against themselves when they
are adjudged the aggressor in a dispute.
The Charter provides that the Security Council shall consist of eleven
members—5 permanent (the Big Five) and 6 non-permanent membeis
elected by the General Assembly for two-year terms. In voting on pro
cedural matters a vote of 7 of the 11 members is necessary, but on voting
upon substantive matters a vote of 7 including all of the permanent
members is required for pfessage—if one of the Big Five nations votes
against any substantive measure the veto has been invoked.
3. Self-explanatory—the term “Franco Spain” was omitted for the
reason that another Spanish Government might take its place which is
still not acceptable to the UN.
4. Now an accomplished fact.
5. At the present time International Law is merely custom, treaty,
and national court decisions. Definite codification as nations have is
6. Jurisdiction in cases is now optional with members of the UN.
10. The Baruch Plan is advocated by the United States State De
partment and representative to the Security Council and provides for
international supervision and inspection of atomic energy production
and research. You will notice that the resolution is definitely contingent
upon the prior approval of the Baruch plan.
11. International Trade Organization — To promote and facilitate
trade and its freer flow among the nations of the world.
UNESCO—United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Or
ganization—to promote research and cooperation in these fields among
the member nations.
International BanK for Reconstruction and Development—Lends or
guarantees loans to nations for reconstruction and development.
International Monetary Fund—to stabilize currencies throughout
the world in an attempt to avert depressions and inflation.
12. Reciprocal trade agreements are agreements between nations to
facilitate trade between themselves.
21. Trusteeship Council—the body which handles the disposition ox
dependent peoples, former League Mandates which are turned over to
them by the mandatory powers, etc.
25. Article 6 of these agreements provides for civilian control of
education and for the advancement of the people in the four fields men
MARGUERITE WITTWER-WRIGHT Editor GEORGE PEGG Business Manager
‘ TED GOODWIN, BOB FRAZIER
Associates to Editor __
° JEANNE SIMMONDS
DON FAIR, WALLY HUNTER
Assistant Sports Editors _
Assistant Managing Editor
BOBOLEE BROPHY and
Assistant News Editors
Don Jones, Stalt rnotograpner___
REPORTERS , • , t n
Beth Basler, Bettye Joe Bledsoe, Diana Dye, Ruth Eades, A1 English, Luwayne Eng wall,
Virginia Fletcher Joanne Fryclenluncl. Chuck de Ganahl. Laverne Gunderson, Dale Harlat ,
' 3 kS Janice Kent. Pat King, Phyllis Kohlmcier Betty Lagomars.no June
McConnell, Uarhara Murphy, Laura Olson, Carol Jo Parker, Nancy Peterson, Helen Sher
man, Virginia Thompson, Jim Wallace, Sally Waller.___
MEMBER — ASSOCIATED COLLEGIATE PRESS
ASSOCIATED PRESS WIRE SERVICE __
’ Signed editorial features and columns in the Emerald reflect the opinions of the writers.
They do not necessarily represent the opiuion of the editorial staff, the student body, or t .
Uniyersny.^i ^ secon(j c)ass matter at the postoffice. Eugene, Oregon._
Ex Libris . . .
A sure sign of spring" is the annual Library clay contest,
wherein students enter their personal libraries for cash prizes.
Aim of the contest, sponsored by the Patrons and briends
of the University library, is to develop interest and enthusi
asm for books.
'Phis annual event is in a noble tradition—a tradition that
may be dying out these days, what with the cheap, paper
hound reprint of yesterday’s best seller, or with the huge
book club business that sends millions of books into American
homes each year. Fortunately the contest judges do not make
their awards to the largest library, nor to the most expensive.
Rather they seek to find the “best,” the library that best shows
cultural balance and interest.
Addition this year of a new “special interest” category
■will give the specialist an opportunity to show the tools of
his trade, too. Maybe a student has a good enough library,
but is weak on philosophy or Nineteenth century poets. This
is bis chance to exhibit his collection of books on the theory
of the real variable and maybe to win a prize.
Most of us can remember the days before the cheap re
print of the good book. That was the day when a book meant
more than it does now. By their money value books of those
days were more treasured. But the greatly expanded book
business of our time has not cheapened the content of books,
it lias only made them more easy to obtain. Their newer,
more attractive prices should make it all the more possible
for the average student to acquire a worthwhile library.
Projects of this type should go a long way toward stimu
lating interest in books, toward keeping alive the flame of
learning that has too often burned too low.
After the word had circulated about the Notre Dame cam
pus that two baseball players had signed for over $75,000 each,
when the first baseball practice was called the coach found
himself surrounded with 323 pitchers and 175 left-fielders.
The height of conceit is the person who works crossword
puzzles with a fountain pen.
Operators Crimp BTO’s
Does the management and union involved in the telephone
dispute realize the exasperating, lasting effect which the strike
is having on spring blooded young Americans. Obviously the
answer is no, or they would immediately find basis for set
tling their differences.
The throttling effect the curtailment of telephone use
is having on the regular morale functions of the younger
generation and especially on Joe College and Betty Coed should
be made clear.
Set the Scene: The phone closest in any one of the Uni
versity’s living organizations. It is Friday; the house dance is
Saturday night and six pledges and five students have a rented
tux, cash, and credit at the florists,' but no date. That is the
dilemma. The obvious solution is a little time in this same
phone closet. But under the circumstances one might as well
spend his time in the broom closet, and is more apt to find
a date there left over from last term’s barn dance. The use
less phone adds horns to the dilemma. Tongues are tied, and
the only recourse is the unsatisfactory note system or per
Under the ordinary circumstances, which includes use of
the phone as taught to all pledges, the law of supply and
demand can be readily obeyed with a little juggling, ringing,
and pleading. But the regular system is frustrated by the
operator’s “we are accepting only emergency calls.” Well,
it may be an emergency by Saturday noon when four or five
of the “have nots” still have not.
Mental health is dependent on a lot of little things called
These are the facts, this is the case—the morale of Oregon’s
student population is balanced on a telephone wire. Their
well-being is in the hands of conciliators—“a ringing” chal
lenge is on the “hook.”
"THE CHURCH AFTER EASTER"
at 11 a. m.
BIBLE SCHOOL AT 9:45—GOAL 1200
PICTURE TO BE TAKEN
7:30 p. m.
"LOVEST THOU ME?"
Annual Young People’s Banquet April 18
Dr. Renwick McCullough of Tacoma, Speaker
FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH
DANCE EVERY SATURDAY
For table Reservations
Call Springfield 8861
9:30 - 12:30
and His Band
] 3 Miles east of Goshen. Call Spr. 8861
* >:* *
(The Weekly Column by Graduate
Coupled with the evident short
age of 500 courses is another chief
gripe of graduate students—the re
quirement of 10 per cent extra work
for participation in 400 courses.
Granting that drawing an A or
B toward master’s credit should en
tail more work than is required of
undergraduate students in the same
course, the present set-up seems
ridiculous. It will remain forever a
puzzle just what benefit is derived
by either the graduate or professor
from an extra paper of undergrad
What is the utility of a poorly
constructed, hastily written paper
of the freshman comp type to either
the student or the professor requir
ing it ?
Since the University seems un
able to meet the major demand for
more numerous graduate classes,
surely it can require papers demon
strating graduate scholarship and
ability in original research. These
papers could and would be a basis
of training for the final thesis.
Just what can be done to improve
the graduate research training is a
problem for individual departments.
As the 10 per cent extra work is
handled now, it is a waste of time
as far as basic training is concerned.
A new research program, would
raise the general standard of com
pleted theses considerably.
A general study of master’s the
ses in the library makes quite evi
dent the need for improvement
along these lines. Both the student
and the University would benefit
from the encouragement of gradu*
ates to complete works of higher
yThe Checkmate"* „
by Swank $7.50
f Speaks a business man’s lan^
f guage... Rich looking as well j
| as roomy with a detachable j
! checkbook holder. Genuine^
^ Morocco, black or brown. ,
Fritt aukjttl If 10% Ftintl To*'
: • » ' - ....