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About Oregon daily emerald. (Eugene, Or.) 1920-2012 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 11, 1947)
Oregon W Emerald
MARGUERITE WITTWER-WRIGHT GEORGE PEGG
Editor Business Manager
' BOB FRAZIER, TED GOODWIN
Associates to Editor
JACK L. BILLINGS BILL, YATES
Managing Editor News Editor
MARYANN THIELEN and BOBOLEE BROPHY and
WAt/r mckinney june goejtze
Assistant Managing Editors Assistant News Editors
’ JEANNE SIMMONDS DOUG EDEN
Feature Editor Advertising Manager
wtt.t. STRATTON, WALLY HUNTER
Assistant Sports Editor#
ROGER TETLOW DON JONES
Chief Night Editor Staff PhotOg^hOf
Sighed editorial features and columns in the EhieraJd reflect the opin
ions of the writers. They do not necessarily represent the opinion of the
editorial staff, the student body! or the University.
Entered as second class matter at the postoffice, EUgeSe, Oregon.
The ineligibility of Marty Pond for the Dads’ Day chairman
ship makes the Emerald blush. On Wednesday we published
an editorial suggesting the ASUO executive council might as
well resign and turn the reigns over to President Tom Kay. We
based that suggestion on recent council meetings during
which little was done by the council except to give approval
to all recommendations and appointments made by Kay.
We take it back. Perhaps it would be wiser if the council
stayed on the job and did its job. The ASUO constitution de
fines the duties of the council to he, among other things, the
initiation, sponsorship, and supervision of all student activi
ties necessary to carry out the objects of this association.
Perhaps if the council had bothered to read carefully the
petitions of applicants for the Dads’ Day chairman and to as
certain the eligibility of applicants, instead of blindly approv
ing Kay’s choice, the present embarrassment would not have
We understand that Tom Kay plans to choose another man
for the job and ask the council’s okay next Tuesday. We sug
gest the executive council take a direct interest in student gov
ernment and affairs henceforth and do some of the research
themselves. We were under the impression that up-to-date
eligibility certificates accompanying petitions for student of
fices were standard operating procedure.
If the council is unanimously willing to let Kay take all
responsibility, let us frankly admit that democratic student
government on this campus is a farce and be done with it.
What Manner of Men
A lot of people around this University are reputedly miffed
at the venal press this week. They see the press, campus and
big citv, as a lot of rumor mongers who go poking their long'
noses into places where they don’t belong.
Maybe there is something in their view, but not much.
Down here at the Emerald we are a bunch of novices. Our
knowledge of journalism is limited by our brief experience.
If we were rcallv good we wouldn’t be here. However, we do
know newspaper people. We like these people. We hang
around with them most of the time. Some of us even went
far enough to get married or engaged to newspaper folk.
A few words on these people, what manner of men they
are might be apropos.
They don’t go around shouting their creeds, and raving
about their sacred mission to give light and let the people find
tlveir own way. But they have pretty definite attitudes about
a lot of thing's.
They don’t like cloak and dagger acts. They are suspicious
of the big secret.
They are really interested in learning the truth—not just
that which is announced (or “confirmed'’) but also the vast
body of truth that is never confirmed but is true nonetheless.
There is a great deal of truth that some people fain would keep
out of the paper.
They don’t manufacture rumors. If they must print rumors,
real ones, in the process of blasting out the truth, they may do
so, but they don’t like to.
They are not impressed by big names and big titles. They
hold a healthy American scorn for the old Army custom of
They are reasonable guys. They'll play ball. They may
even "sit on" big stories for a while if they believe it is worth
while. But they won't keep quiet forever.
They cooperate best when cooperated with.
They are moved to great resourcefulness if they believe
somebody is pulling the wool over their eyes.
Toward One World...
Scientific Attitude Toward Racial,
National Differences Advocated
BY THE ONE WORLD CLUB
The great difficulty for those of us who wish to
unify the peoples of the world into a peaceful, pro
gressive whole lies in making the average observer
conscious of the fallacies in traditional beliefs and
prejudices, or at least to awaken a more scientific
Too many thinkers of past and present have
placed intelligence on the basis of “brains are passed
oiit at birth.” From ah international point of view,
each nation is fairly certain that it excels all others
by the Virtue of being bdfrt German, or Swedish, or
American. From a radial point of view, we find many
Orientalis who assume that westerners are doers but
not thinkers, as well as the familiar “white race su
premacy” agitators who fear any scientific informa
tion oh the subject, pro or con.
What are the facts on intelligence, as a native
In intelligence test performance, we offer no con
clusive laws of behavior as infallible guides. Objec
tively, we cannot say there is no difference, or there
is difference, btit almost every study in racial and
national group suggests that intellectual differences
can be traced to culture, and are not inborn. Also,
the psychologist must decide who shall be included
in a race for testing purposes, which in itself is a
puzzle. In Negro-white studies, the light-colored per
son with three-fourths white blood is socially a Negro
and is most often classed as such for research pur
pose. The same difficulty arises with other races,
which in itself shows that no over-all statement will
hold when the group it describes cannot be identified.
Culture as a pre-determiner of a man’s mode of
action is vital to a consideration of a unified world.
The American jazz band probably offends the Mo
hammedan ear; the average Chinese reverence for
family may seem absurd to us. Today there is a bleach
between Russian and American conceptions of what
will bring the greatest good to the greatest number.
Trivial and vital, all are differences. Language varia
tions are an obvious barrier. All these things account '
for many differences among peoples which are as- 4
sumed by some to be hereditary and unchangeable.
Anthropologists and sociologists have combined with
psychology in showing how entirely different cul
tures can be established by people of identical hered
ity, as in Mead’s studies in the South Pacific.
The quality of environment, rich versus poor, has
been shown to be the key to several problems.
A last warning to the layman who wishes to base
his political ideals of unity on facts concerns the in
dividuals in relation to his group. Almost every test
and every accumulation of data shows clearly that
individual differences within racial and natibnal
groups are larger than differences between the
groups. For instance, I.Q.’s run from 0-200 in every,
race or nation. Picking a Mexican, a Canadian, or an
American at random may result in three geniuses,
three average people, or three morons, since there are
these types, and all the in-between scores, in each
nation. A generalization of this fact made when so
ciologists impresses upon us that the average Ger
man is more like the average American than the very
wealthy American is like Mr. Common Man; not only
in material wealth but in amusements, interests, am
bitions, and family life.
Only broad statements have been made, but it
these carefully accumulated facts were generally
known and accepted, world peace could be achieved
with less prejudice and pessimism.
Budget First$ Citizens Second
The American Veterans Committee reports that its legis
lative representatives in Washington are working on two
plans to improve the system of payment of GI bill subsistence
checks. One is to decentralize the system of payment and the
other is to increase the amount of payment.
Both plans are fairly representative of the type of lobbying
now under way by various veteran groups and from the vet
eran viewpoint both are to be desired.
The pay decentralization plan calls for the issue of one
check to a disbursing officer in each area where vets are in
school. He will then pay them from a payroll prepared month
ly by the local VA office. This would inconvenience a few
whose checks have been coming regularly on the first of each
month but many whose checks have been late would gladly
stand in line a few minutes on pay day.
While the situation here is not as bad as reported at Michi
gan, where over 1,200 vets are said to have applied for emer
gency loans due to failure of checks to arrive on time, there
are several cases of individual hardship on the campus as the
result of over centralization in the VA.
One student who mailed his marriage certificate to the
VA in August is still drawing $65 a month in January. Others,
through no fault of the local office waited, sometimes as long
as two months for their first check when school began.
The second proposition, increasing the subsistence pay
ments from $65 to $100 and from $90 to $125 with a $25 bonus
for each child, sounds good to the vet but may not sound so
good to the new Congress.
Actually, according to cost of living table's, the proposed
increase would just about bring the veterans subsistence value
up to its real money value at the time the original GI bill was
With the Congress ready to slice off from 5 to 10 billion
from the President’s budget, this plan is probably doomed to
become just a pleasant dream.
At any event, the A VC has served notice that its slogan,
"Citizens first, veterans second,” leaves the veterans a close
second if not tied for first.
For parlor use, the vague generality is a litesaver.
FAIRMOUNT PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
E. 15th & Villard Blvd. Eugene, Oregon
DR. JOSEPH R. HARRIS, Acting Pastor
11 a. m. Sermon: "Growing Up"
Students, Faculty Members and visitors cordially
By LeJEUNE W. GRIFFITH
The King, tlSe chorus, the'custom
—The Associated Collegiate Press
reports that the custdm of standing
during the singing of the Hallelujah
chorus from Handel’s “Messiah’'
was not born of a regard for thei
work. A CP states that according to
the legend the King of Ehgland,
when attending a performance of I
the “Messiah,” was sitting in his
special box on the mezzanine in I
view of a large part of the audience.
The performance was especially
long and the theater became
warm; so, just before the presenta
tion of the Hallelujah chorus, the
king stood up to stretch. In the best
tradition of court etiquette, the au
dience also arose. While the kingl
was still standing, the Hallelujah
chorus began. Thus, a tradition was
born. Little by little the custom
spread, until now it is traditional to
stand whenever the Hallelujah cho
rus is performed.
Education is life rather than a
preparation for life.—Vinai, ‘%a
Fish and Chips
Just a few minutes drive
from the campus on High
way 99 north.
Look for the long green
FISH & CHIPS
1490 W. 6th