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About The Dalles weekly chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1947 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 13, 1900)
DEMOCRATS KICK AT
Farm Products Advance More than the
Goods that Farmers Have to Buy
at the Stores.
EVIDENT CAUSE OF MORTGAGE CANCELING
Since McKin!ey Has Been at the Helm Farm Products Have
Advanced 45 Per Cent, White Articles Bought by
Farmers Increased Only 19 Per Cent.
The Democratic fault-Under ban their
effort! to create discontent among the
farmer la 1900 upon a different plane
from that of 1806. Then their complaiut
was that the price of farm products
were too low Now they complain that
the farmer are too prosperous and the
prices of their products are too high.
Mr. Bryan was nominated in Chicago
on July 10, IKiXI, and again at Kansas
City on July 5. 1900. Let us take the
quotations of the first week in July,
1890, and July, 1900, the respective dates
re brought aa nearly as practicable to
the dates of his respective nominations.
Nobody will question the fnirness of
electing wheat, corn, oats, lard, pork,
beef, cotton, wool, hay and butter as
ten representative articles of farm pro
duction, nor will anybody question the
fairness of selecting sugar, tea, coffee,
rice, petroleum, leather, cotton cloth, tin
plate, sisal (from which hinder twine is
made) and Bessemer pig iron (the bonis
of all agricultural requirements in iron
nd steel) as ten representative articles
of farm conitumption.
The tables which follow chow the
prices of the ten articles of farm produc
tion and of an equal number of articles
of farm consumption at the dates named
nd the percentage of iucrea.se In each
article, also the average increase, at the
date of Sir. Bryan's Kecond nomination
as compared with the prices at the date
of his first nomination: "
Th prices rf Ten Principal Article of Farm Production la New York
Market ut dates of Mr. Hrran'a first and necond nominations, shewing
the per cent, of increase In lf):H) over 1800:
Art'cles of Pariu
Wheat, per b'inhel
Corn, per bii-thel
Oats, per niiahel
ard , per lb
Mean Pork, per lib! ....
Beef, family, p;r lb...
ot ton, pr ' b
Wont, Ohio XX, per lb
tHaj, iter tan
flintier, per lb
.... $ S.73
.... 14 2
At New Orleans.
rbe price of Ten Principal Article
Market at date of Mr. Hrron's first
per cent of Increase or decrease!
Artlclea of Farm
1 onsum ptlon.
Rice, per 1H .
Pia , per lb
I'nwmtr I'ig Iron, per ton..
Petroleum, per sal , in bole..
Coffee, por lb
I eathrr, llii , per lb
Pnatar, per lb
'Tea. ntsr lb
.114 1 -
.1:1 l -
fCotton I loth, nab cache I, yd,
Import price! doea ntvt Include war
It will bo seen by an examination of
the tables that In every article of farm
producton named there has been an In
crease in price ranging (with a single ex
ception) from 35 per ceut to (8 per cent,
or an average Increase in the entire se
ries of articles of 45.8 per cent.
In the list of the articles of farm con
sumption there is a reduction in price
in two of the article named, while the
Increase in the other articles ranges much
lower than that of the farm products,
the average increase for the entire aerie
of article of farm consumption being
19 per cent.
Thus we see that In ten representative
article of farm consumption, the aver
age Increase ha been 19 per cent, while
In the ten equally representative articles
of farm production, the increase has been
45.8 per cent.
Now to take the single Item of farm
production npon which the fault-finder
base their argument and by which tbey
measure all . article of farm consump
tion, namely, wheat. How do you sup
pose it happened that they have selected
this particular article "wheat," by which
to measure ererythiug else? There la
corn; its acreage In the United States
In 1S99 was practically double that of
wheat, its production four time as many 1
(Compiled from official reports of the bureau of statistics.)
Price on one bushel of
ARTICLES wheat will buy
July 10, JulyS,. July 10, JnlyS,
1890. 1900. 1890. 1900.
Cents. Centa. Pounds Pound
Wheat, per bushel C -
Coffee, per pound
Leather (oak), per pound
Rice, per pound
Petroleum, refined, per gallon
Sugar, granulated, per pound
Salt, per 1O0 pounds
Cotton cloths, uucolored, per yard...
Starch, per pound
a Average import price during
b Average export price during
bushel and It actual value, as estimated
by the Department of Agriculture, nearly
double that of wheat. Why did tbey
not adopt corn a a standard of measure
meat? Again, there I the Item of provisions,
of which we art the world'a greatest pro
a'acer. Why not measure by that?
Then there la wool. In the prod net loa
f which the farmer la greatly Interested
j and which has been widely discussed In
me aiuuy ui uatiousi economic ijutrBmru
of late years. Why not measure by this?
A glance at the table which shows th
relative prices of articles in lS'M and
1'JOO will answer this question. It hap
pens that the percentage of increase in
the price of wheat is less than that of
any other article of farm production,
since wheat is more directly affected by
the production In other parts of the world
where crops have been generally good
during the last two seasous.
Wheat has only advanced 33 per cent
from 1896 to 1900, while corn advanced
48 per cent, mess pork 00 per cent, lard
08 per cent and wool 08 per cent. Now
it la easy to see why the Democrat
"happened" to select this particular item
"wheat" by which to measure everything
else, simply because it shows smaller
increase in price than almost any other
article In the list.
Yet they are gravely marching through
the agricultural regions of this country
stating to the farmer that "a bushel ot
wheat In 1900 will buy less of tho nrticlei
which you consume thnn a bushel ol
wheat would buy of those same article!
in 1S96." Let us accept the challenge.
Mr. Brvan's first nomination occurred
on'july 10, 1896, and his second nomina
tion on July 5, 1900. The records of the
bureau of statistics show that the high'
est price of "No. 2 red winter wheat,"
standard grade by which all others may
. io i-ie
Per csnt. of
45 8 percent.
of Farm Consumption in New York
and second nominations, showing tha
! OS 3-4
1-4 .00 1 a
Per cent, of In
crease or decre-iet
.......19 per cent.
be measured, was, on July 0, 1S90, In
the New York market, 04'4c per bushel,
and on July 5, 1900, waa KSc per bushel.
Now let us follow the same general
plan adopted In the other comparisons
and by selecting ten principal articles of
farm consumption, obtain their relative
prices in the New York market in 1890
and 1900, at the dates nearest Mr. Bry
an's nomination, and thus find out what
quantity of each bushel of wheat, at the
prices named at these two dates, would
have bought. The articles of farm con
sumption selected for this comparison are
equally representative with those of farm
production above named, namely, sugar,
coffee, petroleum, rice, salt, leather, cot
ton cloths, starch, mackerel and cut nails.
The authority for the price is the same
as that already utilized the bureau of
In every case the quantity of these
representative article of farm con
sumption which a bushel of wheat
would bay In IOOO I greater than a
bnshel of wheat could have bought
Purchasing power of one bushel of
wheat at the date of Mr. Bryan's first
and second nominations, respectively, in
ten different articles of ordinary farm
consumption, basing the price of each
article upon that quoted in the New York
market at the respective dates:
4 9 10
. 2 1 10
cl 1 9-10
15 4 10
41 9 10
... 9 310a 11 3-10
... 5 410b 5 7-10
... 2b 21-10
... 18-10b 2 4-10
... 5(M0a 4 9-10
June, e Yards.
Ju.ie. d Gallons.
These statement are all official anc
may be verified from the public record)
of the bureau of etatUtlc available U
any standard library. Th figures am
prices In every case are given, and ever;
ma a raa determine whether the aser
tlon of the Democratic fault finder am
"prophet of evil" In 1900 are aay mon
reliable tk.a tbey were la 1896.
FOR THE FARMERS.
Haaret'a Chicago American (Democratic) of Sopt. 20, glvoa
tho following table, which howa how prices of farm product
advance under MoKlntey prosperity i
Flour, par barrel
Cornmeal, per ten
Cheese, per pound
Breakf it Bacon, per pound
Smoked Side Meat, per pound
Lard, per pound
Proof of the Pudding
If w are defeated In this
campaign, there Is nothing be
fore the people hot tour years
more of bard times and greater
Ho yon think we have drained
the cup of lorrow to Its dre-T
Mo, my friends, yon rannot set
limit to the preaent hard
Business men complain that
business condition are bad. I
warn them that these condi
tions rannot be Improved by
following up the policies -of
the Itepublloan party.
The ttapublican party pro
duces a policy that makes hard
time. A II those who love hard
times aught to vote for the
Kepubllcaa ticket, and all
those who are tired of hard
times have got to vote the
Democratic ticket. If they
would expert any relief.
These are hard time There
will be harder times if the gold
1 1 you ask how the gold stan
dard affect a the farmer, we
tell you that the gold standard
lowers the price of products of
him who sells without lower
ing his taxes or debta. If yoa
ask how the gold standard af
reets the laboring nn, we re
ply that It destroys the oppor
tunity for labor, multiplies the
number of Idle men, and Alls
our streets with those anxious
for work, who cannot nnd the
opportunity. The gold stan
dard, by Increasing Idleness,
brings poverty to those who
ought to have enough and to
he gold standard means a
dearer daOar and falling
price, and falling prions mean
If we have a gold standard,
prices are aa certain to f I as
stone which la thrown Into
Aa American dnl'ar will buy
two Mexleaa dollars aad also
about two bushels of wheat at
th same time There was n
time whoa an A ma Iran dollar
wonld buy only one Mexican
dollar, and then aa American
dollar would buy only one
buakel of wheat. It the time
over come whea an American
dol'ar will huv three Max Iran
dolhtrs, then It will buy three
r.usheU of wheat.
Too know that with the
slightest prospect of foreign
war we wonld suspead go.d
payment, and go either to
silver or to paper basis at
t'nrll yoa have bimetallism
snlllbaad will stand on the
corner and wwnrfer whea the
gold standard wlii bring sheas
i MR. ERYAN,
a Week .
Advance of 10 per cent
o Looks as If I'd Have to
HAVE BEEN !
NO DREGS !
AND ALL i
MR. BRYAN !
THAT WE !
NOT HAVE, I
WE HAVE :
mm l?wllb- 1P
"BRYANISM IN WEST. .
CROXERISH IN EAST."
Reasons Why James H. Eckels
Will Vote for McKinley.
Cleveland'! Comptroller of the Currency
Irjes All to Unite aad Give Bryan
Urn Its Deathblow as a Dh
The political outlook in tho West K I
believe, generally satisfactory to those
ho are opposed to Mr. Bryan and the
thing for wbih be stand in public life.
In the extreme West bis most ardent
friend are ready to concede that be ha
lost much ground since th campaign of
189t, and nnlesa be can recoup himself in
the Middle West and East, his defeat will
become a matter of certainty. The Pacifi
States, the Dakota, Wyoming, and Kan
as will all be found to be against him,
with a strong probability of Nebraska
unless State pride is extremely strong
joining them. It is hoped to make up this
loss by carrying Illinois, Indiana and
Ohio. Any one who know Illinois noli
tic realize that it is naturally a Repub
lican 8tate, and ha gone Democratic
only once in forty years, and that when
the business elements were favorable to
the Democratic candidates.
The same is to be said of Ohio, with
the added statement that it has never
given it electoral vote to a Democratic
candidate for the Presidency since the
war. Indiana ia the only close State, and
those who know it best believe that the
Democrat will not win there. In both
Illinois and Indiana, exceptionally strong
men have been named a Democratic can
didate for Governor, and to an extent
tbey will aid Mr. ltryan, but not enough
to overcome the aentiment held every
where against him by conservative and
thoughtful people. All this apparent
prospect of success over Mr. Bryan ought
not to cause a lessening of the struggle
against him. It will not do in this contest
to simply prevent his having a majority
in the Electoral College by giving Presi
dent McKinley barely enough to win.
DKCISIVK DEFKAT FOR BRYAN.
What ought to lie accomplished is the
decisive defeat of Uryanism as a disturb
ing factor in the nolitlea nf thin (VllltltP
The country cannot afford with each re
curring four year to be upset from one
end to the other by the danger of a man
of such vagariea aa he entertain. ni..in.
ing control of the nation's affairs. The
pica tnat 1 put forth by some men of
ability that he can be rendered harmless
before election bv the
laws is hardly statesmanship. Why place
a man in me residency whom you must
virtually put under bond to keep the
Mr. Rrvan has A aVt-l A-k1las1 a War wax...
the Democratic party that no Democrat
who really wishes tn th. .- ....
back inte public confidence ought to aid
and abet him at this time. He would de
stroy the country' currency system If he
could t,y substituting the silver standard.
Why give bitn indorsement in that deter
mination? He would abrogate the rlgl.t
of private contract, overturn the tradi
tions, practice. ,n,j hKh p,wili,in of
Supreme Court, and make impossible the
quick nnd effective mnlntxnnn... ..1.11.,
order In time of excitement and aires.
Why make it possible for blm to even
undertake so much that in r.r.,1 III tffl aa r
even though he fsil In It all?
No Time for Kx perl menu.
I hardly think the thnnirhtrul l,,H.m.n
of any cltiwn will say that the possibili
ty insi air. isryan may do lietfer In the
Philippine than Presl M Iv Iti lane
doing justifies an experiment fraught
nun so romn danger to the stability of
thing at home, 't he question may be
very properly raised whether a man who
is wrong on every Important problem
which affect the ritlxonn r ik. iri..i
State at home caa adjust aad adsoluister
u aaair or toe Thill -,in.
erly I do not m,lf Mi.,;"
Mr. Bryan a plea r. .v. ,
thie country by the destruction , Jl
terma Imperialism,- as -the
administration of "r"S
Philippine. e. it force wheal.
membcred what be pledge.
carry out at home, in matter, whiek
the personal and propertv lmeI ',U
every citizen of the republic 1! 'U
how small auch inter-... .outt
would be the height of foil, in ,h
paijrn to forget the verv i, " "
which Mr. Bryan's election" wo".' T
npon the business Interests of th.
try. In the minds of those who
the atfair. which make up our oV
world be ia associated with UDceT.
and doubt. It will not do 1 to s!?T!
these interests are .eltUh and oqghi 'tH
ceiye , lesson, for the greate. ,aI7j
will be those who are most depeiS
upon the largest dailv activity iaj
nesa. No one would suffer so muck .IT
laborer, for he must have ste.di T
day in and day out. He has no tj
capital from which to draw, and thae-I
tailment of business operatioa, mZZ
the curtailment of employment of bo,
with attendant distress .nd idleneic
Danneron to Labor Interest
I look npon Mr. Brvan a. .1..
dangerous man to the labor interest. iT
day in public life. In the first iu,ttZ
he is a demagogue, possessed of 1 eerUix
quality of oratory which appeal. w,n
to prejudice. In the second, h i. JJ,
grounded in no branch of nolitieal
omy and unsound in all. He wmiu k.
more unpopular with laboring
elected, than, it is claimed, he ia p0pnj,
with them now. because his success would
parulyze bnsiness for a long time .t eu
during which time the laborer of nJZ!
sity would be without employment.
i nen, too, me laborer would xonn v
cover how utterly futile Mr. Bryan', ef
forts would be to make better hia
tlon by making war upon his employen,
The laborer certainly cannot be benefited
by a policy which is directed wholly t.
wnrd the unsettling of values, the ra
tion ofahe purchasing power of hi. wn
and the enactment into law of tiewi
which,- tested by experience and hiator
are wholly unsound.
I believe President McKinley onrht ta
be re-elected as largely as possiW. by
Democratic, votes. Under the present
domination of Mr. Bryan a cunservitir.
Iiemocrat can tind no place of iufluenca
in the party. Those who now return to
it after rejecting Bryaiiinm four yer.
ago will find themselves without voU. it
the administration. Theey go back to ac
cept Mr. Bryan's views. He doe. not
accept theirs. They Indorse him ha doe
not indorse them: and, once elected, they
are not in a position, after changing front,
to protest against bis radicalism. By vot
ing for hint tbey do, in fart, indorse him,
despite a mental reservation that they d
not approve of hi public utterances tnd
Populistic views. They iliMarm them-
selves of a right to criticise and dne
down upon their heads more blame for
Mr. Bryan's unsound views as a distorti
ng factor than does Mr. Bryan himself.
For. by their act In voting for Mr. Bryu
they have made it possible for him to dt
the hurm which they must know would
follow the carrying out of the principle
for which he stands.
Bryan's Partr Populistic
The Democratic party rnnnot be botk
Democratic and Populistic. Under Vlr.
Bryon it is Populistic. It i. so out ot
power. It would tie more so in power.
The best example of what he would d
with the party if In power is shown ia
his own State, where even the kind of
Democrats they hnve in Nebraska in
only allotted one or two minor offices,
while tbe Populist are given all of im
port 11 lice.
When Mr. Brynn Is eliminated Uemo-
crats can readily assume a position of rr
spect and Influence in the Democntlt
pnrty, and until be is they ought to fifht
ngninst him. They can aid the party best
by rescuing it from Populism by defeat
ing Populistic candidates at the poll., not
by electing their candidates with th. rill
hope that tbey can cither reform them,
render them harmless, or prove them t
be pretentious boasters, publicly stanJfol
for thing which they never intended U)
A. fur nn f am concerned. 1 are a0'0!
to mnlntnin mv Democracy by voting ibJ
speaking against Mr. Bryan and tboal
who have debauched the party ana puns
It in I he attitude of a defender of ill th
Isms that disturb tbe country. I do not
believe in Bryanlsm In the Weat or C
kerlsm in the East. If a continuation lof
Uryanism and Crokerism constitute Df
mm.rjn, nmin.l rwilitl. nl wisdom Ittd 00
est administrative ability, 1 ao noi ....
... K. f 1. Hut I Hn not believe it does,
n.l therefore. I hnve faith in there Drtn.
enough Democrat who re Pemocntl
from principle to defeat Mr. nrynu
mphatlcally a to make inipm." -
things we have witnessed during y-
year In alleged Democratic conventions
I really would like to know whit
thoughtful Democrat thinks of wrof
wrought In domestic and foreign mm
through the combined wisdom nd MP
rlence of William J. Bryan and Klein
Croker. JAM KS II. KCKIXB.
Comptroller of the Currency under U'r
Victory and Valor,
ill. vrcnitu Throuoh UmrfM
Keep the fruit of victory stainless
Keep our banner flying on Manila'! dlr
tant ahore; fk.
Keep our noble President wltnio tM
White House door.
Bringing prosperity and glory!
Hurrah! Hurrah! In honor w
bound, .. H
Hurrah! Hurrah! Our money .
Honest golden dollara ringing
Bringing prosperity and gloryl
Cherish deed of valor wrelthed in
orles sublime, . . u
Cherish grand achievement wrougni
Cherish honest duty cslllng; """
golden time, .
Bringing prosperity nd floryi
W must know Just what otht-r pw
nt before we cao supply ru
must understand exactly rw
-1. . i,k 1...1 .inena "
sen 111cm w.iu " - -..oi
ould enter Into the most advaa"
inesa relation with tuem.-"