The Dalles weekly chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1947, March 21, 1900, PART 1, Image 1

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NO. 27
Satacrs's. Clemenl'! anJ Bralail's Forces
Will Octon Blotmttileii.
Remnants of Free State Army May Be
Caught Before .They Get Around
Bloerafontein to Joio lonbert's
London-, March 16 Lord Roberts'
success in handling tfie civil problems at
Bloemfontein and the manifest equa
nimity w it 1 1 which resident of the
capital of the Orange Free State accept
British occupation momentarily replaces
the interest in the military situation. It
is believed here that Roberts will soon
push on to Pretoria, bat Great Britain
is quite content to listen for a few days
to the acclamations of the" people of
Bloemfontein and permit the troops to
enjuy a lew days' rest before expecting
further success.
Roberts made a quaint speech to the
guards at Bloemfontein today, when in
his first congratulatory words be ex
pressed pride in their splendid march of
thirty-eight miles in twenty-eight boors,
and gave ainplo aesurance of hie ultimate
"Through a small mistake," aij Rob
ert?, "I have not been able to march in
to Bloemfontein at the head of thebrlg
ide, as I intended.. I promise you, how
ever, that I will lead yon Into Pretoria."
General Gatacre is holding Bethneil,
and the whole line of railroad south of
Bloemfontein is now in the hands of the
British, and General Brabant's column
having cro'eed Orange River, after a
forced march to Allwal North on Sunday,
and General Clement's column being
across at Vanzyl, the three columns will
form an army of 12,000 to 15,000, which
it expected to replace the forces of Rob
erts at Bloemfontein, as he pushes north,
ward. Just where the Boers will at
tempt to oppose that match is an Im
portant question, but It cannot be easily
answered until General Joubert is more
definitely located.
Further news has reached the outside
world from Mafekine. dated Friday.
Jlarch 9, showing that though the garri
son was in hftnt straits, they were
buoyed up hy the knowledge tbat their
plucky fight was appreciated at home
Roberta la Mot Idle.
Nkw Yokk, March 10 A dispatch to
the Tribune from London says: General
Roberts is not allowing the grata to grow
inner his feet. He put three trains in
motion, equipping them, with engine
drivers and firemen from from bis own
troops, and sent Genera'. Pole-Carew,
with 200) guardsmen and small body
oi mounted infantry, southward. lie
"Ported in a midniuht bulletin that
Pola-Carew had reached Bethany during
the alternoon without opposition, and
that the force was expecting to join
Generals Gatacre and Clements. Gatacre
nl crossed the Orange River in the
morning and occupied Bethulie. General
Cement's advance has probably taken
P'ace simultaneously. It Is reported
that the Dutch rearguards are retreating
frm the river., and it la noaaible that
"ley nmy be caught between the columns
nich are advancing toward Spring
General Roberts baa allowed three di
visions to halt at Bloemfontein, but he
"not idle himself. He has created the
""pression that the Free State govern
""nt has surrendered its capital and
"'t a military government has been
"t'Stituted for it. President Steyn, since
hl arrival in Kroonstadt, is issuing pro
elamations and striving to rally bis
j'oops Jeel, of lne republic, but nn
all signs fail, bis forces are rapidly
""appearing from the field.
It Is evident from thaft rrii rlianafnh
tt General Robert' firit work will b
opening of (be railway louthwara to
Of AH JO Pfun. ...I aU .1 I a
amr huu inn auniiuuiimeii
' (tie COnVnV irilim -if M rvnliua frrtin
'imherley. The entire district south of
"loemfonteio can be cleared of the
'n'Dy in the course of few days and
railway trafflc rMtored. Dispatches
,rnj General Gatacre's headquarters
'e that his patrols are in touch with
General Clement's lines westward and
h nr.bant's eastward.
"sirens forces are not needed on
urnge River, and have returned to up
per Natal. Military men do not expect
vigorous lenewal of operations by
either General Roberts or General Boi
ler during tkw next week. French's
cavalry with Tucker's divibiou may ad
vance slowly northward in the direction
of Winburg and Kroonstadt, but it is not
likely that there wii be serious fight
ing until General Roberts is ready to
cross the Vaal . River and advance to
ward Johannesburg and Pretoria.
lne only direction in which veteran
officers here expect to witness immediate
activity is towards Mafeking.
Stejrn in Disfavor.
London, March 10. The Times pub
lishes tbo following from Bloemfontein,
dated Tuesday : Contempt for the flight
of the Free Staters is universal, many
people a?eerting tbat President Steyn
would have been, shot if bi intention to
flee had been known. More harm has
been done to the Dutch cause bv the sor
render than is couvincible, and despite
the statements of the brother of Steyn,
it is donblful that there will be any mote
resistance south of the Vaal.
Krltlah Casualties.
London, March 10.--It was officially
announced today tnat British casualties
at Driefontein on March 10 were sixty
two mm killed and 321 wounded, in
cluding one Canadian wounded.
Croaied Orange River.
Cap Town, March 16. When the
British forced a passage of the Orange
River, they surprised the Boer forces.
The Britons occupied a position on the
north side of the river with little op
position. Botr Threat.
Pabis, March 16. The possibility of
the Boers destroying the mines is caus
ing some anxiety among French finan
ciers, who have one-third of the shares.
The Gaulois devotes an article to the
subj-ct today, and calls upon the finan
ciers of Europe to furnish the Boers
with the means of resisting the British
Cecil Khodee' Opinion.
Capb Tows, March 15. In an inter
view published in the Cape Argus, Mr.
Cecil Rhodes is quoted as saying:
"I feel strongly that we cannot have
peace in South Africa so long as we
have in the Republics a rallying ground
for disloyalty and disaffection. I go
further. I do not think we can safely
federate till we have had some years of
crown colony government. Personally
1 have done with the Bund."
Sought to Extend Constitution to Puerto
Rico Vote Was 36 to 17 Against
It uav Case to be Taken Up
Washington, March 16 At 10 o'clock
this morning the senate convened to
conclude, if possible, between that hour
and noon, the formal reading of the
Alaskan code bill. Only two or three
senator's were present during the earlier
part of the session. Carter, who re
ported the bill, was in the chair, and
Bate, ol Tennessee, who kept close at
tendon upon the reading of the meas
ure, did not leave his seat until the last
word of the bill was pronounced. The
reading was concluded at noon.
Hoar renewed bis request of yesterday
thatadatobe fixed for taking up the
Quay case. He asked that the time be
two weeks from nxt Tuesday. Galling
er, who had some hot word with Pen
rose yesterday, said he was astounded at
the charge that those who were opposed
to Quay were employing parliamentary
tactics to obstruct vote on the case.
The order proposed by Hoar was agreed
to by unanimous consent.
After mornmg busintss bad been dis
posed of, the senate took up the Puerto
Rico appropiiation bill. - Amendments
of the senate committee, limiting the
appropriation to revenues collected prior
to January 1st, last, having been agreed j
to yesterday, a vote was taken on Al-
len's amendment, declaring the ConstL
tntlon extended over the Islands. The i
amendment was laid on the table by a
vote of 3d to 17. Jones withdrew the
amendment he offered yesterday, and In
its place offered an amendment propos
ing free trade between the United States
and Puerto Rico,
Rev. W. K. Sitzsr, W. Canton, N. Y.,
writes, "I had dyspepsia over twenty
years, and tried doctors and medicines
without benefit. I was persuaded to use
Kodol Dyspepsia Cure and it helped me
from the start. 1 believe 11 to ne a
panacea 'or all forms of indigestion." It
digests what ytu eat.
Celebration of St. Patricks Day in tbe
Med Mom.
Enthusiasm la London Some Disor
der in Dublin At the Garrison
- London, March 17. Shamrock day
promiees to vie with Primrose day, judg
ing from the enthusiasm with which for
the first time in the. history of the nation
loyalists all over the United Kingdom
are celebrating, and everywhere green is
conspicuous. From Windsor Castle,
where the Qieen observed the day by
wearing a sprig of shamrock, to the East
End of the slums of London, where the
ragged urchin glories in his morsel of
green weed, nearly every one sports
something in the shape of a green favor.
A word from Her Majesty baa turned
the emblem of semi-disloyalty into a
badge of honor, and has made the sham
rock the most prized of all plants in the
British Isles.
The ancient ceremony of "trooping
colors at Dublin Castle" was especially
picturesque. It was performed today In
the presence of the Lord .Lieutenant of
Ireland, the Earl of Cadogan, and the
Duke of Connaught, commander-in-chief
of the forces in Ireland, together with a
brilliant assemblage. All the troops
wore shamrock.
Most of the government offices hoisted
the Irish flag, ond the clubs were simi
larly decorated, the officials all wearing
the green. In the churches the preachers
referred to the occasion, thanking Provi
dence that the English had learned to
love ar.d irsject t heir Irish fellow-sub
jects as they never knew them or re
spected them before. Tho Lord Chief
Justice, Lord Russell, set the example in
the law courts, and all the jndges fol
lowed his example, wearing the sham
rock below their ermine collars.
The theaters were all prepared to mark
the day in the same way tonight.
On the Stock Exchange the enthusiasm
shown in celebrating the day gave tbe
room the appearance of a greenhouse.
The shamrcck wal everywhere, and
there was more toasting of healths than
work. As a result, prices were better,
though nobody knows why.
The scenes at Aldershot were charac
teristic of the celebration of St. Patrick's
day, and in all tbe other garrison towns,
the shamrock was denned by all the
troops privileged to wear it. At reveille
the Irish bands made tour of the bar
racks, playing "Garry Owen," "St. Pat
rick's Day In the Morning" and "The
Boys of Wexford." In front of the offi
cere' mess they played the national an
them, and cheered the Queen.
It is understood the Queen having ap
proved the proposed formation of a regi
ment of Irish Guards, will soon make
the announcement.
Tt.e usual Lord Mayor's procession
took place in Dublin today. The Lord
Mayor of Belfast and the Mayor of Cork,
participated, but a number of National
ist Mayors refused to accept the Lord
Mayor's invitation to take part in the
affair. The chief magistrate met with
a mixed reception, and tlure were dis
orderly scenes at several points along
the route of the parade where tbe tar
rluge was stoned.
St. Patrick's church, London, was
densely packed whn Bishop Brlngle,
late chaplain of the British forces in
South Africa, officiated at a pontiflcial
high mass in the presence ol Cardinal
Vaughan. All the clergy and the con
gregation worn the shamrock, and the)
re, as ine wr..m. .Uvc. up
Hie center aisle blessing the congrega-
The internal strifn In the nationalistic
ranks engeuered by the Dublin Corpo
ration's address to tho Qieen, and the
bitterness felt In loyalist circles in Ire (
land at the outwaid exhibitation of dis
respect of Her Majesty, keep the officials
guessing as to what Is likely to occur at
the Irish capital next month. An offi
cial In the office of the chief secretary for
Ireland, Gerald IWlfoor, said he was not
surprised at the nationalists' opposition
to the address of welcome, which nee
essarlly was hypocrisy, and will go far
to stop the (I w of American contribu
tion's. Speaking of the Q ieen 'e visit,
tbe tame official said be bad little doubt
tbat "wigs would litter Dublin green"
before the visit was concluded.
Fowl for Puerto Rlcaui,
Washington, March 16. Five hun
dred tons of rice, codfish and bacon were
shipped on a transport to Puerto Rico
today by the w ar department to relieve
the suffering. Tho shipment is made in
response to an appeal some time ago
from General George Davis, military
governor of Puerto Rico, to Acting Sec
retary of State Meikeljohn for aid for
starving Puerto Ricans.
. General Davis' letter depicts an awful
situation ou the island. He expluined
that he intended to discontinue the dis
tribution of food tbe first of this month,
but owing to the dletrass he asked for
this shipment. He also says that it is
imperative that a fur'.ber shipment of
500 tons of the same articles be made 011
the next transport following this ship
ment. llrjoiolnc at Cap Colony,
Capb Colony, March 16. There was
great rejiielng throughout the colony
upon the receipt of the news tbat Bloem
fontein had been occupied by the British.
The first intimation of the news at Port
Elizabetli was the firing of 21 guns at 11
o'clock in tho evening. The inhabi
tants hastened to the streets and carried
the mayor on their shoulders to the
Town Hall, where a demonstration was
held. Today will be observed as a gen
eral holiday.
There is great rejjicing at Bloemfon
tein, whose women and children have
been shut off for months. Great com
plaint is made of the harsh treatment
by the Boers during the occupation.
Rebels are coming in daily with their
arms from the south. A number of
other rebel leaders have been arrested.
Eugene V. Brewster Takes Exception
to His Anti-Trust Views.
New York, March 17. Eugene V.
Brewster, of Brooklyn, who was toast
mabter and chairman of the Bryan dollar-dinner,
and who has been probably
the most conspicuous man of the so
called "Chicago-platform Democracy,"
bus written a letter to W. J. Bryan, in
which he says tbat he cannot support
Mr. Bryan for the Presidency, and that
he now abandons all efforts to "effect
union of reform forces" under Bryan's
leadership. Mr. Brewtter, in a discus
sion of the general question of trusts and
machinery, says:
"The trust question, to which yon are
devoting moat of your attention, involves
the very greatest and really the only
problem tbat the Americans have to
solve. Regretfully, yon seem to see only
one side of the case, Rnd, seeing only
evil on this side, yon would nnhesita
tingly destroy the trust. 1011 do not
seem to realiz", dear Mr. Bryan, that
the same argument that you apply to
the trust also applies equally well to irn
roved machinery, and yet yon would not
destroy that. I have carefully studied
the conditions and the many remedies
offered by various parties and factions,
and it seems to me that co-operation-socialism
is the only practical and the
only possible remedy."
Mr. Brewster expressed bis discontent
of each of the principal existing political
parties, and announces hie adherence to
Eugene V. Debs. lie tells Mr. Bryan
that with bis brilliancy and oratorical
power he wonld soon "bring the world
to his feet" if only he would believe and
speak as does Debs.
Kent and Mouth I'niler Sleet anil Snow.
Nxw York, March 16. Nine inches
of sleet 'and enow cover the streets of
New Yo-k today, and 4000 men are
battling with' it in Manhattan, 300)
more being at anrk In Brooklyn. Traf
fic has ten partially paralyzed in some
sections of tha city since early morning.
During the early houre, Brooklyn bridge
traffic was practically blocked. Sleet on
the third rail supplying electric power
to the bridge cars cut off the current,
and a geueral blockade was the result.
Tbe fall of snow in New Jersey was
heavier than in the city. Trains were
delaytd by the storm and malls were
several hours tehlnd in their delivery
Vo fatalities from ti e r..i!d sre reported
In the city, but the station nouses ana
charitable institutions were crowded
with homeless.
For Fate.
tract, 3'4' miles
40-acre tract, 31.' miles from The
Dalles, 4 room house, barn, all fenced,
orchard of 300 trees, running water,
good range for cattle adjacent, 10 acres
bottom land floe for berries or garden.
Price reasonable, terms easy. Call at
this office. m21-dwlmo
Forces Now Conrapir Toward That
Point Are Snjpasei to Hays a
Double R?SEOBSibility.
British Prisoners at Pretoria Will Be
In Danger From Roberts' Fire All
Danger of Intervention Is Xow Be
lieved to Be Past.
London, March 19. Neither the ad
vance by way of Fourteen Stieams nor
Colonel Plumor's movement has yet re
sulted in bringing news of Mafeking'e re
lief. From Bloemfontein and Natal
there are'appaiently no Berious develop
ments, and public interest remains
centered in Colonel Baden-Powell's force.
However, it appears likely that the
converging of the troops toward Mafe
king indicates a much more serious pur
pose than merely its relief. Judging
from Lord Methuen's presence at War
rentown and the capture of the near-by
passage of the Vaal al Fourteen Streams,
keen observers believe Lord Roberts
meditates an advance in force on Pietoria
by way of Rii9tenberg. This might start
either from Fourteeu Streams or Klens
dorfand woulJ probably coincide with
an advance by way of Bloemfontein and
Natal. Thus Lord Methoen may be
given the chance to redeem bis reputa
tion as has General Gatacre.
' Commandant Olivier has accomplished
another feat in his retreat from Northern
Cape Colony, evacuating Roucheville
and going towards Kroonstadt, where
Presiduit Steyn is.
Pretoria I'rlHonera Moved.
Nsw York, March 19. A d:spatch to
the Tribune from London says: The
British officers now in Pretoria have
been removed from the prison where
Winston Churchill left them, to new
quarters in the outskirts of the town
under Dasport ridge. The reasons for
this change are not stateJ, but it is
evident that General Roberts' army will
have to expose a nnmber of British
prisoners to exceptional danger when
Pretoria is invested.
-No Danger or Intervention.
Nxw York, March 19. "Great Brit
ain a declaration that she will not
tolerate the intervention of any power
effectually prevents Europe from at
tempting to end the hostilities in pro
gre;s in Sjuth Africa." '
This statement was made last night In
Washington by a well-informed diplomat,
who had carefully followed international
events transpiring in the O'd World.
"The European horizon," he con
tinued, "is remarkably clear for England.
Had intervention been contemplated
acion would have been taken when
BritUh prestige had suffered such a
severe blow by the reverses of General
Buller before Ladysmith ; of General
Gatacre at Stormberg, and General
Methuen at the Modder river. The fact
that Russia did not at that moment
interfere shows conclusively, I believe,
the truthfulness of the peace sentiments
entertained by the Cz ir, which he en
deavored to have incorporated into inter
national law by tbo conference held at
The Hague. I think it may be set down
as absolutely correct that Russia does
not propoee to take advantage of Great
Britain's present preoccupation in South
"It is true that the loan just made to
Persia will increase her influence with
the people. That loan, however, is not
due to the South African war. Negotia
tions for its subscription were beKnn be
fore the war commenced. Great Britain
knew of it, but did not try to prevent
Persia from obtaining the money from
Rusia. It is untrue that Russia has
been massing troops on the frontier of
Afghanistan. Those iepor:e were proba
bly put in circulation by persons
desirous of distracting attention in
England irom events occurring in South
"It is to be expected that the Presi
dents of the South African Republics
will endeavjr to secure peace through
diplomatic meani. They probibly fully
understand by now that there Is no pros
pect of second Majuba Hill and that if
peace cjmei before their governments
are wiped out, it must be achieved by
diplomatic negotiations. Just how this
is possible, however, in Tiew of Great
Brit tin' positive declaration, I cannot
say. The note from the United States
enable I Lord Sa'Wtury to play a strong
card at the rirfhl tiuie. His declaration
has done much to the atmosphere
for Great Britain and has shown the
world the intt-ntion of the British gov
ernment to destroy the two Kepublicc
"Undoubtedly the governments Of Eu
rope have di?cue3ed the prospect of com
pensation, but there is no talk of con
certed action at present. It seems to
me that had the decision been at all
serious, action would have been inaugu
rated by tbe rtber powers when the
English troops were in such a desperate
plight in South Africt. The Boers now
seem demoralized ; the English have an
immediate force with which to conquer
them and it is hardly probable that the
rebuff sustained some weeks ago by the
British troops will be repeated."
Governor Leary Isuel an Emancipi
lion Proclamation Xo More
Slaver)' io Guam General Wheeler
Reported to tbe Navy Department
00 Conditions la the Ladrones.
Washington, March 17. The follow
ing proclamation has been issued by the
Governor of the island of Guam:
"To the inhabitants of Guam: In
issuing this decree, the Government de
sires and earnestly invokes Divine bless
ing and guidance in its official . action
and in the daily pursuits and occupations
of the citiz;ns of Guam. By the cession
of the Isle of Guam to the United States
of America, all of the authority, power
and responsibility of sovereignty were
transferred to this government, and in
transforming and organizing the new
political power, the surest and speediest
route to success, prosperity and happi"
ness for the inhabitants nf this island is
by benevolent assimilation to the funda
mental principals that constitute the
basis of free American government.
"Honest labor, with just compensa
tion, dignified by laithful consideration
of the mntutl interests and welfare of all
concerned, should insnre prosperity to
this community ; whereas, the existing
labor-degradin t system of human bond
age and unjust, Indefinite servitude of
peonage, permitted during the late
Spanish control in the island, was in
fact a system of slavery, nnd as, such was -subversive
of good government, an ob
stacle to progress, civiliz ition, a menace
to popular liberty and violation of the
sacred provision guaranteed by the
Constitution of the United States.
' Now, therefore, by virtue of tbe
authority vested in 'it byHia Excel
lency, the President of the United States,
I, Richard P. Leary, Captain United
States Navy, Governor of the Island of
Guam, do hereby annonnce and publicly
proclaim absolute prohibition and totnl
abolition of I n nan slavery or peonage
in the Island of Guam an 1 n I after tbe
22d day of February, A. I)., 1900, and all
persons are hereby commanded to com -ply
with the requirements of this pro
clamation. "In witness whereof, I hereunto set
my hand and have caused the seal of the
United States Naval Station, Idland of
Guam to be affixed.
"Richard P. Lkakv,
"United States Navy, Governor."
Celebrated la Kouth Africa.
Capk Town. March 19. St. Patrick's
day was celebrated with extraordinary
enthusiasm throughout South Africa.
In a message to Irishmen id Cape Town,
the Queen said :
"I have always felt confident that the
spirit, courage and allegiance which.
have distinguished the Irish soldiers in
the facj of the enemy would not be
spared by their brethern in the Colony
in support of the authority of my gov
On the initiative of Lord Roberts,
newspaper has neeu started at tsioem
fontein for the edification of the troops.
Rudyard Kipling contributed to the in
augural edition the following lines :
O Terrence, dear, and did you hear
The nes that'to;n' 'round?
The sham'ock'a Erin's badje by law
Where', r her sons ar found.
From B!oemfont:n to Ballylank,
'TIs ordered by the Quren,
We've won onr right in oien fight,
The wearinjof the aren.
Mrs. Harriet Evinr, Hinsdale, III.,
writes, "I never fait to relieve my
children from croup at once by nsing
One Minate Couh Cur?. I would not
fee) safe without It." Qiickly cures
coughs, colds, grippe and all throat and