Image provided by: Hood River County Library District; Hood River, OR
About The Dalles weekly chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1947 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 28, 1899)
, rTTr-T -c aiTTTRDAT. JANUARY 28, 1899.
THE DALLES WBriMa unnwu" -
The Weekly Gbroniele.
Ontluchor la In Daily J?
O er two incSe uil uuJlt four Inche..... 1 w
OTcr lour inche nod uoJer twele tnclree. .
0er twelve inchta w
DULY KD WEIKLT.
.tia 4tioh or !.- net inch r
i .... ...... tt.fh ni iitit1r four Inch.
Ott four iurhiw end uuJer twelve luetic.
from the contractionI.il of his day, try ia the past three quarters of a
,ud it was carried out without con- ceitury proves that there u no such
Ovr twelve iuclme
CLIMATE OF THE PHIL IP PISES
A great deal of nonsense is being
uttered about the climate of the
Philippine islands' most of it by per
sons whose notions arj farciful, but
some of it bv writers who assume to
speak authoritatively, from personal
experience and observation says the
Snnkesman-Review. In the Utter
class is Dean C. Worcester, professor
of Zoology io the university of Mich
igan, who has made two voyages to
the islands, and has written a book,
"The Philippines and Their reople."
Dr. Worcester has gone to the ex
treme of saying that white men can
not expect to work there and live
'It is verv doubtful." he says, "if
af - w -
many successive generations of Euro
pean or American children could be
raised there." Among the diseases
that prevail be enumerates malaria.
cholera, smallpox and leprosy, all of
which exist to some degree in the
United Mates, alone with other dis
eases peculiar to northern climes and
unknown to tropica) countries.
Theie is no subject on which so
many mistakes and absurdities are
trade as on the subject of climate. It
requires long and scientific study, and
the traveler who passes hurriedly
through some new and little known
country is scarcely more qualified to
speak intelligently than the one who
is an entire stranger.
For three centuries or more after
the discovery of America Europe
was Oiled with false and ridiculous
notions about the climate of the new
wot Id. Even so late as the middle
of the present century we find Charles
Dickens traveling io the United
States, and returning to England to
cram into his notes and fiction many
absurd statements about the deadly
climate of the Ohio valley!
When the Oregon question was be
iore congress, from 1820 to 1 84G, the
most ridiculous statements were
made on the floor of the senate and
the bouse concerning the alleged in
salubrity of the climate.
Convincing evidence that the cli
mate of the Philippines is not bad is
had in the excellent health enjoyed
at Manila by our sailors and soldiers.
Our troops theie ate more free from
sickness and death than they were in
the home camps at Tampa, Cbicka
manga, Montauk and $an Francisco.
suiting the wishes of the inhabitants
of tho acquired domains. The op
ponents of Jefferson's statesmanship
bi ought forward every line of argu
ment now employed by the Cleve
lnnl.t!.e Krvans and the Hoars.
They said it was unconstitutional ;
that it was in violation of the spirit
Of American institutions; that it was
fraught with peril; that tho Missis
sippi river was nature's boundary,
and when driven from that standpoint,
that the Union ought to set up the
fabled god Terminus on the summit
of the Rocky mountains.
But it is not surprising to find
Cleveland in opposition to expansion.
Although he sat eight years in the
White bouse, his interests and sympa
thies were always notoriously against
the great west and the people who in
habit the superb domain acquired by
the ecnius of Jefferson. Tis well
that he was president in a period
calling for no exercise of the higher
Qualities of statesmanship. Had he
been president when Jefferson was in
the White House, the union would
have been contracted, probably
France and Spain would retain
large part of the existing domain of
the United States, the Monroe doc
trine could not have been launched,
and the American continent would
have become the theater of intermin
able European intrigue. Spokesman
Talk about Kaotas as we may, she's
relation between imperialism and ; up-to-date, and to are her girl,
LIXCOLS'S LITERARY GEXIUS.
HISTORY AND EXPAXSIOX.
In his letter, read before the New
York mass meeting of Sunday night,
ex-President Grover Cleveland said,
"I am so opposed to the expansionist
craze now afflicting our body politic
that any organization formed in op
position to it has my hearty sympathy
This is a remarkable blending of
pharisecism and lack of historical in
formation. Mr. Cleveland assumes
that the "expansion craze" is
new in American history, when the
truth is this nation owes its strength
ana greatness to an unceasing re
sponse to its inherent instinct of ex
At the beginning of the war of the
revolution, the territory claimed by
the thirteen colonies formed less than
a fourth part of the existing area of
the United States. The vast domain
west of the Mississippi was held by
Spain. The city of St. Louis, now
in the heart of the great republic, was
then a Spanish village.
Anne beginning of the present
century little change had been made
in the territorial limits of the republic.
France had divided with Spain the
vast region west of the Mississippi,
and the Florida country had passed
rrom England to Spain. Then Jef
ferson, writer of the declaration of
independence and the great ex pan
i . a .
sioDisi oi American statesmen, was
called to the White House, and the
country entered upon the broad
policy ot expansion which has carried
the flag sonth to the gulf of Mexico
and west to the Pacific ocean.
This policy was launched by Jef.
ferson against determined opposition
A writer in McClure's for January
asserts that Seward wrote the rough
draft of the superb closing paragraph
of Lincoln's first inaugural address.
Here is the paragraph said to have
been submitted by Seward:
"I close. We are not, we must
not be, alliens or enemies, but fellow-
countrymen and brethern. Although
passion has strained our bonds of af
fection too hardly, they roust not, I
am sure they will not, be broken. The
mystic chords which, proceeding from
so many battlefields and so manv
patriotic graves, pass through all the
hearts and all hearths in this broad
continent of ours, will yet again har
monize in their ancient music when:
breathed upen by the guardian angel
of the nation."
This was a fine conception, but,
marred by inelegant treatment, it be
came rather ordinary. Note now the
change wrought by the literary touch
of Lincoln :
"I am loath to close. We are not
enemies, but friends. We must not
be enemies. Though passion may
hare strained, it must not break, our
bonds of affection. The mystic
chords of memory, stretching from
every battlefield and patriot grave to
every living heart and hearthstone all
over this broad land, will yet swell
the chorus of the Union when again
touched, as surely they will be, by
the better angel of our nature."
It is interesting to note that the
Toronto Globe found this noble ad
dress of a "tawdry, corrupt, school.
boy style." Was ever a more glar
ing instance of mediocrity decrying
the majestic flight of genius?
EXPAXSIOX ASD LIBERTY
A fine illustration of the folly of
forming theories before collating
facts is given in an address just de
livered by John Morley, the well
known British statesman, in which he
deplored the present tendency to ex
pansion which is seen in the policy of
England and the United States
Speaking for England he said that
"the prevailing spirit of imperialism
must inevitably bring militarism, a
gigantic and daily growing expendi
ture, increased power to aristocrats
and privileged classes, and war." Mr.
Morley is one of the best informed
on matters of historj of all the stales
men now at the front in England. He
is a typical scholar in politics. More
over, he has been in public for about
a quarter of a century, and has thus
had an incentive to study public
questions on their practical side. He
is a radical, too, and must be sup
posed cn that account to be familiar
with the differences in the political
conditions in England between the
present time and the recent and the
remote past. He has overlooked
those differences in this exigency,
however, for the history of Lis coun-
T .... -i .
.U! ,t.l,.li h tfli. 'are detruiiuel lo anow uie ra.irn.
prerogative as that which be tel. u
What Mr. Morley calls Impor.ai.sm,toiheiiesternUteei wUre fht gMi.
has found Us most conspicuous as- j hopperl ,;t on tbe seet potato vine and
sertion as a settled policy in England , keep gard while the young ranchman
within the past sixty or seventy years, I collects 1000 kisses, which have been
..a t .,ntrv in the world has ! won in a fair and square bet. Io that
state the teachers not only teach tne
young idea how to shoot, but the young
men how to kiss. If to secure a teacher's
certificate these young ladies have to
pass an examination in this art, there
muet be a large number of candidates for
school superintendent, and no doubt
those from other states will be needing a
change of climate.
It all came about this way : Miss Lacy
Withers, a school teacher of Golden,
Kan., who for some reason is an admirer
of Jerry Simpson, bet 1000 kisses against
$1000 worth of steers on the cockleea
statesman's success in the recent elec
tion. She lost, and is now paying the
bet on the installment plan, the fortu
nate young ranchman who won coming
around each week and collecting twenty
If microbes are as thick as grasshop
pers, what a "gathering there will be"
in the coarse of a year. In the mean
time it becomes the duty of some green
eyed monster to introduce the prohibi
tion law, which, if we are not mistaken,
would be welcomed by both parties. A
legitimate debt is the hardest kind to
Want No Mutilation.
There was quite a deputation of Gilliam
county citizens Jn Portland recently
on their way to Salem, armed with a re
monstrance against the cutting off of 15
townebips from the southern end of
their county. S. E. Barker, county
treasurer of Gilliam, 11. N. Frazier,
county clerk ; F. M. Piiter, county com
missioner, and V. L. Wilcox, a promi
nent citizen of Condon, bad charge of a
long remonstrance,' signed, they said, by
700 residents of Gilliam county, many
signers living in the locality proposed to
be cut off to help form the county of
The remonstrators fear that the loss
of the rich section around Fossil wll
leave Gilliam county in such a plight
that it cannot support a county govern
ment. The north end of Gilliam, along
the south bank of the Columbia, they
say, is an unproductive waste, and the
proposed change wonld leave Gilliam
the smallest county in Eastern Oregon.
All their timber and summer range,
and even the bulk of their running
streams would be snatched from them
at one fell swoop. The law makers at
Salem are very likely to hear from the
reinonstrators of Gilliam county before
they decide to form the new county of
made such advances in liberalism as
England has in that time. When
England in 1783 lost all her Ameri
can colonies except Canada the world
for a time supposed that her power
was ended, and that the fate of
Athens. Rome. Venice and other
states which had once been great,
but which had vanished from the
map of the world, would soon be
hers. But in tho wars with Bona
parte shortly afterward she revealed
a power and a persistency which she
bad not shown before, and immediate
ly afterward she began a career of j
evpansion which has no parallel in
fcistory. With this territorial expan
sion an expansion in the rights and
privileges of her people have gone
hand in band. The franchise act of
1832 added 500,000 voters to the
British electorate. The act of 1867
increased the list by about 1,100,000.
The act of 1884 added more than
2,000,000 to the roll. Shortly be
fore Mr. Morley was born, or before
1832, only 400,000 persons in Eng
land were permitted to vote for
members of the house of commons.
The number which voted in the last
general election was about 6,000,000
Previous to 1832 only one m fifty of
the inhabitants of the United King
dom were electors. One in six have
that status today.
The period of England's greatest
expansion, that is to ray, is coinci
dent with an extension of popular
rights and a diffusion of liberty in
that country such as the world never
saw in any great nation before, for
the basis of the franchise in the
United States, notwithstanding the
properly qualifications in many of
the slates at the outsat, was bred
from the beginning. England, dur
ing the period in which she has ex
tended her rule over Asia, Africa
and the islands of the sea, has pro
gressed nearer to Democracy than
any other great nation of ancient or
modern times except the United
States. Lord Derby a little over
forty years ago advocated the raising
of a "barrier against the current of
that continually increasing and en
croaching Democratic influence in
this nation which is bent on throw-
ng the whole power and authority of
the government nominally into the
bands of the masses, but practically
and really into those of demagogues
and Republicans." Tho "Democratic
influence" which the great Tory
chieftain deplored has come in Eng
land, and Derby himself was obliged
to help to extend it by the franchise
bill which he and Disraeli were
forced to put through parliament a
few years after he made this out
burst the franchise act of 18C7.
The peril which England's radical
leader imagines he scrs in imperial
ism docs not exist. Nowhere in the
world's history has the power of the
"aristocrats and privileged classes"
diminished in such a degree tnd that
of the masses increased as it has in
England in the period in which its
expansion in territorial area and
political prestige has been greatest.
William O'Neal Die In Portland.
After the long and varied anxiety
concerning the Oregon recruits, sent
sponsorless to San Francisco last sum-
mer and finally shipped on the steam-
er oenaiur ior sianua, in the tall, it
is gratifying to all concerned (which
means the good people of the entire
common-wealth) to note that the
contingent reached Manila without
stress of sickness, hunger or disaster,
and that the boys are now comfort
ably quartered in an old Spanish f st
ress, with plenty to eat and without
excuse even for homesickness. Late
testimony goes to show that military
life in the tropics is not so bad when
once uie boys get used to -it, and.
further, that those who have survived
this process have become reasonably
well seasoned to its exactions, and
from this on will have no special
complaint to make. Oregonian.
Cook Wanted. '
A good female cook can get a position
In a restaurant In the city. Apply at
this office. 23.(
After a month of suffering, William
O'Neal, who fell from a fish wheel on
the Washington side ot the river, almost
breaking his back, died last night at St.
Vincent's hospital in Portland.
From the fi reft ho doctors here and at
the hospital have given his friends no
hope for his recovery. However, the
patient himeelf did not realize his condi
tion till about a week ago. Mortifica
tion finally set in, and yesterday about
4 o'clock, when his eyes bad become
glassy, he took hold of the cross which
bung from bis nurse's neck and said,
"Sister am I going to die?" Just after
ward he became unconscious and re
mained so until bis death at 11 o'clock.
He was 26 years of age and came to
Oregon from Ottawa, Kansas. He was
employed by Seafert Bros, for seven
years after his arrival, and was work
ing for Everding A Farrell at the time
of tho accident. When word reached
his home in Kansas, his sister, Mrs,
Whittaker, came to Portland for the
purpose of caring for him, and has since
been at his bedeide. He also has a
brother, John O'Neal, of Spokane, to
whom news of his death was sent, but
who Is nnable to be present at the
The funeral will take place from
Crandall & Burget's undertaking parlors
tomorrow afternoon at 2 o'clock, under
the auspices of the order of Red Men, of
which he was a member.
Caah In tour Checke.
AH conntv warrants registered prior
to Mch. 14, 1895, will be paid at my
office. Interest ceases after Jan. 14,
18CJ. C. L. Phillips,
treat Saunders has purchased the
wood business of J. T. Reynolds in thii
: city. Those desiring good wood will find
him by ringing up 'phone number 12.
V,"4v, 60 YEARS'
V V EXPERIENCE
K" 4 Tbacc Marks
''1 CoPvmoMT Ac
Anyone aenfllng a .ketch end 1mir1pHnn mar
qnlc-klf aerertaln nur opinion free nlhr en
ln,utlon la prohehlf iietenlehl. ('omninnlre
tlinMrtntl;nnnn1iTitlal. 1 1 wm bonk on l'lnt
nt fr. OMwt aenry for awurtne Detent.
Hvt takrn through Munn A Co. receive,
er.ialeotte, without oh ante, wtbe
A handaomelr lllnetrated weetlr. T.arrMt lf.
filiation of enr arientldn loiirnal. Ternia. IA e
I1V.:.!"7' ro"n,l'. St Bula brail newari-eler.
Oaioe, t r BU WMbloetun, 1. L
No. 7 Woodland k stove $ 7.50
No. 8 " " 8.50
No. 8 Wood Garla. jr., cook stove 15.00
No. 8 Wood Garland, jr., reservoir and base 25.00
No. 8 Bridal Garland 23.00
No. 8 Bridal Garland and reservoir 33.00
No. 8 Home Garland cook stove 25.00
No. 8 Home Garland cook and reservoir 35.00
No. 8 Home Garland range 40.00
No. 8 Home Garland range and reservoir.. . 45.00
No. 8 Empire Garland steel range 45.00
Also a full line of Cole's Hot Blast Air Tight
Heaters just received.
Everybody knows that "Garland" stoves and ranges are the
world's beet. They combine elegant finish, durability, and con
veniance, with economy of fuel, and in spite of all competition hold
their station tar in advance ol all others. We take pleasure in call
ing attention to our list of stoves on hand. Sold exclusively by
MAIER & BENTON,
The Dalles, Or.
Hardware and Grocery
DOINGS AT THE CAPITOL.
Malheur County Seat the Center of At
traction Kent Mufar Bill Will
Capitol, Salem, Jan. 25. Theie is a
warm discussion in the house today
on account of the changing of the coun
ty seat of Malheur county from Vale to
The house will hold' sessions each
Wednesday evening to consider local
measures, including tonight.
The senate today passed the Grant's
Pass charter bill, and one providing ior
a flood gate at Hudson's slough in Doug
las county. Also one changing the name
of the insane asylum to "Oregon Hos
pital for the Irjpane."
The Albany high school will visit the
The Torrens law providing for the Au
stralian system of registering title to
land is likely to pass the senate. It has
not yet been discussed in the honse.
The beet sugar bill will no doubt be
defeated from all appearances at present.
Brownell's bill providing for the elec
tion of road supervisors, has passed the
The Malheur county seat measure has
been made the special order of the house
for Wednesday evening, Feb. 1st.
Wheeler County Nut In It.
Capitol, Salem, Jan. 26. Senate con
tinued routine business today, and
passed a bill designed to cure defects in
deeds. Also one providing for certain
duties to be performed by the sheriff be
fore tnrnmg over the office to bis suc
cessor. The bill for the protection of craw
fish failed to puss the house. Trout
protection bill was also killed.
Young's bill protecting razor clams
passed the house.
There-apportionment measure raised
no discussion, and was passed.
The bill creating Wheeler county
created a warm discussion. Hawson
opposed the proposition and presented
a remonstrance containing 770 signa
tures obtained in five days. After much
discussion the bill failed to pass the
Senate yesterday passed a measure
giving preference to Oregon products
when purchasing supplies.
AT THE CAPITOL.
8u(ar Meet Bill Failed to I'aae llouae
Wilt Vlait Agriculture! College.
Capitol, Salem, Jan 27. The night
session of the senate passed the follow
ing honse incorporation bills: Albany,
New Astoria, Port Tillamook, Wallowa,
Kehalem, Marshfield, Bay City and
The bill repealing the state fair ap
propriation was referred in the house.
Pendleton charter bill passed the sen
Knight registered a motion at the
clerk's desk that the vote bill be re-considered.
Wheeler connty bill was lost yciter-dav.
The legislature will go to Corvallison
February 1st to visit the A grlcultural
Sherwin'a sugar beet bill failed to pais
the house. Votes ayes 20; nay 27.
A bill granting Woodburn the right to
license saloons provoked a hot discus
sion in the honse about noon. Cum
niings made some lengthy arguments
agal nst the bill, and it failed to pass.
The session today lasted till 1 o'clock.
To cut cord wood.
Dalles Limbering Co.
Inquire at The
Jury Lie for the Year.
The following is the list of two hun
dred residents of Wasco county who will
be called upon to serve as jurors during
the year 1899 :
J P Abbott
S M Baldwin
T C Benson
C R Bone
R U Brooks
G W Carter
J H Cbastain
F M Confer
C A Cramer
J F Atwell
James C Benson
D L Button
A J Breeding
S A Brayles
J M Carrol
W F Cbastain
O B Connelly '
H L Crabtree
K H Darnielle
W M Davey
W A Doyle
K L Eastman
J C Egbert
J F Elliot
Wm H Farlo'w
J B Havelv
W M Hayiies
G W Henderson
L E Hennigan
W J Hinkle '
R R Hinton
H Hudson Jr
A E Jones
(i W Jordan
C W Haight
J B Hanna
L B Kelley
J E Kimsey
J W Koonta
E H Cramer
T B I.eabo
A J Linton
J J Lackey
W II Gilhonscn
J H Gilinore
A J Graham
J B Guthrie
John B Magill
J W Marquis
Geo A Moore
C L Morris
A Inert McClure
J M Patinon
R K Pitcher
J M llotji
M C illeck
W II Taylor
W K Wlnans
W (J Wright
G W Covert
F R Abstin
H H Bailey
A 8 Blowers
A W Boormac
J S Brown
Myron S Butler
C V Cham plain
O W Cook
Perry G Barrett
L C Baker
A A Bonney
Wm A Cates
F C Clausen
J R Cunningham
James M Davidson
C V Denton
J D Douirlas
C W Emerson
A C Evick
M D Farrington
W H Fowler
W R Haynes
C E Havward
W A Hendrix
II J Hubbard
John W Henrichs
T M Jackson
T II JohnBton
A J Jones
Geo V Halvor
J H Harper
O B Hartley
V J Kellev
R L Kirkham
James A Knok
8 G I-edford
P 1,1 in roth
G W Lucas
E E Lyon
G J Friend
G C Galhraith
John J Gibbons
M A Gilinore
H VV Gilpin
J L Jordon
J F Markham
C C Masiker
K J Middleawart
J W Montgomery
J W Moor
W G Morris
Wm F MrClure
Geo VV Patlfrsnn
Edwin W Phillips
Albert I) Savngn
Lane M Smith
W T Van.lerpool
T E Wlckens
J C Wingflold
Marlon li Zumwalt
S.e Vnurteiraa Otheri See You.
Wii), MIchell has the agency for s
very reKnsible firm in Portland, whs
will enlarge pictures in a splendid man
ner and at a reasonable price. Glvs
hlra your photos and he will see thai
they are enlarged. Call and see tb
samples and select your frames so that
you will get what yon want.
DeWitf. Witch Hazel Salve
Curat Pile. ftVelde, Uuroa. J