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About The times. (Portland, Or.) 191?-19?? | View Entire Issue (April 6, 1912)
PORTLAND, OREGON, A P R IL 6, 1912
Vol. I. No. 24T
HOQUIAM CITIZENS PUT
BAN ON STRIKE-ANARCHISTS
SHIPPED OUT IN BOX CARS
HOQU IAM , Wash.— An armed
body o f 100 citizens, carrying shot
guns loaded with buckshot, rifles,
revolvers and other weapons,
broke the strike A p ril 1 which has
held the Grays Harbor country
iu a Arm grasp for two weeks, de
moralized both rights o f liberty
and business, when they corralled
250 strikers in a barn at the H o
quiam Lumber & Shingle company
mill, whom they shipped out in
As fast as a striker was singled
out, he was given the option of
going to work in the Hoquiam
Lumber & Shingle company plant,
which had been employing 600
men with its night and day shifts
and i f he refused was taken to the
bam, where he was searched. Only
two men carried arms, which they
gave up reluctantly, after which
they were handcuffed together
Arm ed Citizens Gather Early.
E arly Monday morning citizens
began quietly to gather at the mill
of the Hoquiam Lumber & Shingle
company, to prepare fo r any trou
ble which might ensue. Speak
ers at the big mass meeting held
at Electric park yesterday, which
2000 strikers from Hoquiam and
Aberdeen attended, urged the men
to have their wives and children
go to the mill this morning, but the
appeal was in vain, very few show
About 6:30 the strikers began
to come and as they neared the
plant armed men took them into
custody and on refusal to work
they were taken to the big barn.
where they were told any attempt
at an outbreak would result fa
M ill Men Take Firm Stand.
The work was done quietly by
a determined band o f men, who
had suffered a sudden change in
sentiment. The revulsion o f feel
ing has been gradual, but when
the mill men came out openly Sun
day at a mass meeting and said
they would pay the increased
wage scale but that they would
never hire Greeks, Finlanders,
Austrians or Italians, and that
they did not propose to recognize
the I. W . W. union and its prin
cipals, citizens Hocked to break
the strike, and more than 100 took
the oath o f special police during
The parade in this city by the
strikers Sunday was not as large
as that o f the previous Sunday,
many of the men deceding to re
turn to work.
Dr. Titus in Uncle Sam’s Hands.
Dr. E. II. Titus, Seattle Socialist
leader, who had been here fo r sev
eral weeks and who was arrested
last Saturday and lodged in the
county ja il on a charge o f con
spiracy. A ll the leaders are being
taken into custody as fast as pos
sible and will be held on charges
until the strike is won.
There are now four mills oper
ating iu this city, they being the
Hoquiam Lumber and Shingle
company mill, which resumed with
150 men Monday morning, the Eu
reka Cedar Lumber and Shingle
company, Grays Harbor Lumber
company and E. K. Wood mill.
The Famous Campanile of
Venice Nearing Completion
grand ju ry reveals a serious condi selves with something o f an air
tion o f affairs in this county, and o f superiority, having in it a dash
it ought to arouse our citizens to o f liberalism, you have tolerated
a realization o f the grave peril to this state o f affairs. Some o f you
the peace and safety o f the com have been afraid of too puritani
munity with which we are face to cal enforcement of law. You
have regarded a laissez-faire pol
It is, however, nothing n ew ; fo r icy as the dignified thing, and now
considerably more than a year ago that the chickens are coming home
this association laid before two to roost it is time to wake up.
It is not too late. A pril 1!) will
grand juries just such evidence as
that upon which this ju ry ’s report soon he here, and you can do some
is founded, but through the negli thing then that will vastly mend
gence and inefficiency of District matters. The way has cleared con
Attorney Cameron, and the culp- siderably fo r electing a good dis
able dereliction o f the then Chief trict attorney, but don’t be too
o f Police Cox (who now has the sure o f your ground, fo r you have
audacity to run fo r the office of a wary enemy. And in the good
sheriff), our efforts were wasted, prospects for this officer, don’t fo r
as fa r as securing any action to get that you need a good sheriff
as much as a good prosecutor. If
put a stop to lawlessness.
Let it be understood that fo r at you are wise you will put the right
least three years the situation has men in both offices; fo r not other
been heading tip to present condi wise w ill you do your best work to
tions. During that time the police, clean up a mess that has given
sheriff and district attorney have Portland an nnsavorv reputation.
policy P O R T L A N D M U N IC IP A L ASSO
C IA TIO N ,
against the vices denounced by the
1). A. Pattullo, president.
grand jury, and now we arc reap
ing the harvest o f vice shameless
ly flaunting itself in our faces, anil
crime stalking amongst us fear-
less o f punishment.
Another Appeal Made.
W e have repeatedly presented to
S A N DIEGO. Cal.— Efforts of
the public through the press the
facts as we found them, but too the I. W . W .’s to sell a San Fran-
often we have been regarded as I cisco evening paper tolling o f the
■ranks and impractical idealists, free speech fight here April 2, was
Onee again we appeal to the de blocked by the police. As fast as
cent, law-abiding people of this the newsboys appeared on the
city and county, basing our ap street they were taken to the po
peal upon the findings o f the i lice station, where the papers were
grand jury as bearing witness to j taken from them and burned. In
the truth "of the statements which this manner hundreds of copies of
we have so often made in the past, the paper were destroyed and very
The grand ju ry helplessly d e-1 few were sold,
elares. we “ would indicate the ma | The district attorney’s office was
vor of the city upon the advice elated ¡it the progress made in
o f the district attorney we find the trial of Jack Whyte. Robert
that there is no statute on our Oosden and Stanley Gue. three I.
books by which they can be held W. W .’s charged with criminal
for their dereliction to duty.”
The members o f the grand ju ry, that they were paid to come here
mav rest their ease there, but the to break the city law prohibiting
citizens of this country w ill fo l street speaking in the “ congest
low their example at their peril. ed ” district.
Instead of a reign o f law. we have against local officials, detectives
a reign o f vice, and it cannot be were stationed about the court
Mayor Wadhatn has re
stopped by our citizens.
ceived letters, which have been
People to Blame.
In the last analysis, the people turned over to the police.
SLOW PROGRESS BEING MADE
IN HICKS MURDER CASE-HICKS
TAKES STAND IN OWN BEHALF
The examination o f witnesses
for the defence in the Burt Hicks’
case is being pushed with all pos.
sible speed. The case has now
occupied the attention o f the c o in —
and ju ry fo r more than six weeks
and it is expected that at least
one or two more weeks will
elapse before the case is in the
hands o f the jury.
A notable event came to light
when Seargent of Police Henjuman
S. Smith who had charge of the
patrolmen in the strike district
on the east side last fall testified
that the defendant Burt Hicks had
gone to him several times to voice
his hear o f the strikers. Hicks
was afraid that they would dyna
mite his shop, said the officer and
also spoke wtih deep concern of
the threats to “ do him up.”
Photo by American Press Association.
NE of the past «lories of Venice, the world famous Campanile (hell
tower), in the Piazza of St. Aiaik, will soon be renewed. The new
structure, built on the same lines as the old one, which fell in the sum
mer o f 1902, is nenriug completion and will be dedicated with impos
ing ceremonies, for the Venetians take almost as much pride in tills tower ns
in the beautiful cathedral which gives its name to what many believe to be
the finest plaza in the world. The new structure, which will be 323 feet high,
will have cost about $3d0,000. it is built largely of bricks specially made for
the purpose The tower, which collapsed ten years ago, had stood for more
than a thousand years, and the architect of its modern replica boasts that his
To the voters of Multnomah are to blame. You voters, you good work will last at least as long as its predecessor The building shown in the
county: The report o f the March business men, who regard your background of the uicture is the Iiouianesque-Byzantine Cathedral of St. Mark.
MUNICIPAL ASSOCIATION CALLS
ATTENTION TO EXISTING VICE
CONDITIONS IN PORTLAND
Price 5 Cents
Engine and Roundhouse
Wrecked by an Explosion
I. W. W. PAPERS
The next development o f special
interest in the ease was when
Hicks was placed on the stand in
his own behalf Thursday morn
Hicks testified to the methods of
the union pieketers during the
early part o f the machinists’
strike. On one occasion he re
ceived warning that the pickets
were “ coining down that night to
clean up.his men.” He appealed
to the police for protection, and
there were half a dozen officers at
the mill at quitting time. Hicks
said he counted 35 pickets about
the place that evening, but because
o f the presence o f the police noth
During last July, when his work
man, \V. O. Conn, was assaulted
and beaten, Hicks said he had
taken the man to police head
quarters and to the mayor to show
the authorities the work o f the
Hicks quoted Captain
aty as saying that he would “ al
It is very evident from what
low no man to beat him up as Conn
testimony has been given in this had been beaten,” implying that
ease that the defendant Hicks was he would go to extreme measures
in fear o f being killed at any mo in self-defense. Hicks quoted Chief
ment, aside from the fear o f hav Slover as saving:
“ I ’m not going to tell you what
ing his shop dynamited. The
I would do, but you can form your
strikers being aware o f this fear, it
seems took advantage o f it and
Hicks said he applied to Duty at
pestered bint ¡ill the worse.
that time for permission to carry
a gun. The captain told the w it
Pickets Follow Hicks.
ness he could not give him the
That Wortman and at least one permission sought, but advised
other of the union pickets fo l him that if he fell that his life
lowed Hicks from his shop on the was in danger, he had better put
evening o f the shooting, was the one in his pocket.
Hicks reviewed his history. He
testimony in chief o f Mrs. Ford,
is 55 years of age and a native o f
who was living in the neighbor
Jefferson, N. 11. He had only a
hood o f the shop at that time.
common school education, but
“ Sitting on the porch at my studied engineering and drafting
home,” said Mrs. Ford, “ I was at night school. He worked at. his
able to watch the pickets quit; trade at Elkhart, In d .; Kansas
closely. I saw them many times City, Kan.; Denver ami San Fran
at the Hicks shop. A few nights cisco. before coming to Portland.
“ I never was in any serious
before the shooting 1 saw a gang
o f pickets follow I licks and his lrouble before,” declared Hicks.
men from their work. On tin* a ft “ I never engaged even in a fist
ernoon o f the shooting I saw a fight, and I was never under ar
larger crowd o f pickets than usual rest until this occurrence.”
He gave his weight as fluctuat
about the shop. 1 should say there
were 24 or 25 men there. Wort- ing between 185 and 190 pounds.
man was very conspicuous. He It is already in evidence that
seemed to be very nervous, and l Wortman was very large, weigh
thought at the time that lie must ing between 215 and 230 pounds.
be drunk or crazy. I saw Wort- Iiieks stated that he arrived in
man walk across the street to the Portland in Jure, 1882, and was
shop. Then he went, back ami married the following year.
then he walked over to the shop
Mrs. Iiieks was placed on the
again. He looked in the door stand ¡iml testified that tin* de
Then lie went back and then In fendant grew increasingly nervous
walked over to tin- shop again. He I ¡uni apprehensive as the strike
looked in the door. Then when 1 dragged along and ¡is the pieketers
Hicks and his men eante out some | increased their acts o f violence.
of the pickets followed them out
President Samuel Morrow, of
and some o f them went down the I the Phoenix Iron Works, who pre-
other side o f the street. Wortman I viously brought into court the
and one other picket followed so |“ blood, blood, blood” letter, was
closely behind Hicks that they | recalled for further examination,
must have almost walked on his and was on the stand for more
In-els. I watched them until they than an hour. The epistle was re
got out o f sight.”
ceived at the Phoenix Iron works
during September, 1911. The w rit
Saw Hicks W ith Crowd.
er signs himself Lu\ Enderson, and
Mrs. Rildred llil.varil. who lives represents that In- is ¡i union man
opposite the Iiieks shop, was called just leaving the city for San Fran-
by the defense to testify further I cisco, lie names the various ma
as to the activities o f tin- pickets chine shops in the city, including
about the Hicks shop. Mrs. Ilil 'Hicks’, and declares that there was
yard told o f having seen every la plot on foot to dynamite them
.evening and of having seen Wort- ¡all and murder the strikebreakers
I man and one other picket follow in their employ. Mr. Morrow test
I I licks from his shop one afternoon. ified that lie had shown the l i t
The pickets acted “ cross and an- ter to flicks and that the latter
] gry,” said Mrs. Hilyard.
1 had read it.
P n oto» by Am erican Press Association
N consequence of the explosion in a Southern Pacific roundhouse at San
Antonio. Tex., in which twenty-six nonunion workmen were killed,
labor uuiona Identified with the road have offered a reward of *5.000 t or
the Identification of the person or persons responsible for the disaster
This was done to meet the accusation that the explosion was caused liv dyna
mite planted to kill nonunionlsta. The union men have professed their In
tentlon of prosecuting the guilty if evidence can be obtained even though
auspteton should point to a union mao. The theory of the disaster which 1«
now prettv generally held, however. Is that It was esused by the explosion of
the holler of an oil burning mogul passenger engine The photographs repro
duces! show the wrecked engine and the ruina o f the roundhouse.
lie demanded should employers ap
pear obstinate in granting the de
The f ’llieiigo downtown district
probably was the most vitally a f
fected. Several skyscrapers are in
course of construction, at a cost
Fourteen thousand carpenters in ranging from $1,000,000 to $3,000,-
Chicago and its environs went on 000 each.
| strike April 1.
Union carpenters o f Dos Moines,
Building operations involving
| from .$40.1100,000 to $50.000.01 Ml Iowa went on strike also be
; were affected by the strike, t 'on cause of the master builders’ re
tractors and carpenters estimated fusal to grant an increase in
Praetieally every large
that construction work on at least | wages.
building in course of construction
i 500 buildings came to a stop.
The carpenter* are demanding is deserted there.
I 65 cents an hour, and increase of
The carpenters demand their
five cents an hour.
wages be raised from 50 rents, the
The situation was given a more present rate, to 55 cents an hour,
I serious aspect when union leaders giving the high cost o f livin g as
said that a greater increase would
the principal reason.