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Defense Begins This After
noon and Will Be Long
The Triumphal March
LAST TIME TONIGHT
TTTT T Ol Tf 7? A TTT '
At His Best
THE DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL, SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, JULY 5, 1917.
lit j I
Tomorrow Pauline Frederick in "Sleeping Fires"
(Continued from Page One.)
thority upon which the present censor
ship is operating.
In other words, if a newspaper or
press association does not submit to a
censorship the government will simply
close down on its cable privileges.
Secretary Baker made the following
"Pending the coming organization of
General Periling a headquarters in
France and the arrival there of the
correspondents accredited to represent
American newspapers, temporary ar
rangements whereby cablegrams from
Prance dealing with American troop
movements are transferred to the war
department for distribution, will be con
tinued. This is in the interest alike of
the army and the newspapers and af
fords a certain reliance as to the pub
lication of the cables from France.
"The arrangement is temporary and
will be replaced speedily by a more di
rect -method of dealing with this news.
"In the meantime, an adequate force
lo deal promptly with this matter will
lie on duty 24 hours daily and will deliv
r the dispatches in the order they
Some so that no disadvantage will re
sult aside from delay in transmitting
Washington, July 5. Private cable
leak and not so much what is printed
In the nowspapersi is the deadly peril
which this government must wipe outj
mi its campaign against spies.
This was the warning given by Lord
Korthcliffe, head of the British com
mission in this country, in an exclusive
interview with the United Press today.
Pressed constantly for interviews
liver since his arrival in America, North
liffe has been notably reticent for
fear that pro-German influences might
eek to create the impression that he
fe "butting in" with advice to Amer
ica. He was found by a United Press staff
Correspondent today working in his
hirt leeves, dictating to a stenographer.
"The censorship question t" he echo
ed, replying to a query.
"If the censorship can effect the
saving of a single American life, it is
"The present censorship in Great
Britain, about which you Inquire, was
arrived at after more than two years
of experiment and is worthy of consid
eration. Three Classes Of It
"It is roughly divided into three
sections, the most important being the
cable censorship. Then follow in their
respective order, newspaper censorship
anu tne censorsnip or mails.
"These censorships aim primarily at
the suppression of information likely to
neip tne enemy and at the discovery
of information which may be of as
sistance to the allies.
"The cable censorship of private and
commercial messages presents the great
"It would be easy for a well inform
ed spy to cable to a neutral country, a
few domestic or business phrases con
veying news of priceless value to the
enemy. Spies who have been caught,
tried and shot in England, have usually
been found Jit possession of what ap
pear to be business codes. In one case
I remember the spy and his accomplice
posed as traveling salesmen in Dutch
cigars. Various brands of cigars repre
sented certain kinds of ships.
uama ieaK3 Dangerous
"People are much too prone to con
sider the newspaper leak whieh is open
to all eyes and not to consider the pri
vate cable leak, which is the really
' Power to open all overseas mail,
such as is possessed by the British gov
ernment, also is essential.
"Newspaper censorship is a compar
atively simple matter, helped as it is
by the good will of the newspapermen
themselves, who in Great Britain fre
quently help the censor.
"Newspaper censorship in England
is effected through the channel of an
institution known as the press bureau.
The story of its early eccentricities is
best forgotten. It has now, as one of its
heads, Sir E. T. Cook, formerly one
of the leading newspaper editors. All.
war news passes through this central
esiaDiisnmeiit. reciinu-ai army an
navy matters are referred by tho press
bureau to experts. Delays occur, but
delays are part of the war. The com
mander in chief in the field, Sir Doug
las Haig, has supreme control of al!
news sent out hv the cnrrsnntwliit
with his army. There you have censor
snip at a glance.
Entitled to News
"Democracies are entitled to the ful
est news of their soldiers and sailors,
The war correspondent is no longer re
garded as a nuisance as in the early
days of the struggle. He is looked uno
as a valuable ally and is so treated by
. u .. !..: . i. i i - i.
iuv uriiiBu aim j: rem u unities.
" We have found that the more news,
the fewer ugly rumors. Press comment
is invaluable to democratic govern
nients. The newspapers focuses the
ideas and suggestions of millions of
watchful minds. It often affords valua
ble pointers to government departments
its criticisms suggest and stimulate
The recent struggle for the rc-estab
lishment of a free press in Great Brit
nin lias restored liberty of expression
to patriotic writers.
"The systematic publication of the
news, good and bad, is a means of giv
ing confidence to the governments of
(Continue from page one.) -
Secretary of the Navy Daniels indi
cated strongly that the navy depart
ment had been thoroughly investigated
and that he had found there could b(
no leaK from that source inasmuch as
the orders were sent out on a special se
cret code and wore sealed when deliv
ered to Admiral Gleaves ot tho de
stroyer convoy. It would not have
taken a particularly efficient German
spy, however, to collect the news of the
transport sailing. To get it to his gov
ernment required greater efficiency of
The preparations and sailings were
well known in the American port from
which the transports sailed. There are
also sufficient open cable and wireless
routes whereby the spy could send an
I I " 'JLWIU jl i i ... ...... I I .1 ., . ..,,..:.-.'.
I r" monii Tire fail, a cheerful, willing
j I adjustment will be promptly made.
i Lot, L. Fearea 4 Son
Weare running a Front Door Business"
This Btgn tot one saw
any Diamond Shop,
DRIVE OP TO
GO AROUND TO
Orders and troubles alike, all come in the front
way to our storeand get the same courte
But the notable fact in selling Diamonds is that
there have been mighty few kicks.
We thought you would like to know that.
Fact i3, no matter how particular you are about the
kind of tires on your car, we are far more particular
about the kind of tires we sell.
Diamonds had to prove themselves to us before we
would trust our business reputation to them.
So, in answering our riid requirements, and your big
question, "how far wUl they go?" Diamonds aro right
to the front with an answer of "5000 miles usually,"
and frequently better than that."
We can put your size on your car as soon as you drive
- up to oar rront door.
Lot L. Pearce & Son,
236 North Commercial Street, Salem, 0re
W . J"ei . i-AC
San Fra:ici:"o, July 5. The state
fiually rested in the Kena Mooncy
bomb plot ease today.
Although announcement was made
several days ago that the state's ease
was ended, several days have been con
snnicd in, reading letters found by the
police iu raids and copies of "Th
uiasr, aicx HerKmau g radical paper.
ab soon as too state made its an
nouncement, Defense Attorney McNuti
moved to strike from the record the tea
timony of J. H. Mentz. a detective, and
Detective Dowd, of the United Rail
roads, on the ground that it referred
to alleged dynamitings which had been
barred by the court. The court will rule
The defense will open its testimony
tins artcrnoon arier a brief opening ar
gument by McNutt.
Thomas Thompson, former United
Railways conductor, was suddenly call
ed to the stand by the state today. He
testified that on July 11 of last year,
ii days bctore the San Francisco pre
pareuness parado dvnamitincr. a man
whom he later recognized as Warren K,
Billings boarded his street car. He was
carrying a suitcase and was accompan
ied by another man. The defense ob
jected at this point and a long argu
ment followed after which Judge Sea-
"If this evidence is merely to sho
Warren Billings had a suitcase, it will
be admitted. Otherwise it will be bar
Tne caso of i'rank U. Oxman. accus
ed of "fiaming" evidence aeainst Tom
Mooney, was called before . Superior
Judge Urittin today on charge of sub
ornation of perjury, and the case was
put over until Saturday.
WHEN BOARDS TILLED
DRAFT WILL BFGIN
Soon As Cards Are Numbered
Selection Will Begin In
..; By Webb Mliier.
(United. Jress staff correspondent.)
Washington, July 5. The draft lot
tery will be staged in the Capitol on
the day following completion of organ
ization of the local exemption boards.
X he minute the local boards are
completed and have numbered more
than 9,500,000 registration cards, we
will be ready for the draft," was the
official announcement from Provost
Marshal- General Crowder's office today.
General Crowdcr has urgently insist-.
e3 that the boards finish their labors
He emphasized that "every day lost
now means o day lost in organization
of the armitfs of the United States," in
message to every board. General
Crowder declared it is an imperative
national necessity that the serially
umbered copies of the cards be in the
hands of the states adjutants general
nd another copy be mailed to Wash
ington before Saturday.
is weed tor nasi.
"The first test of the efficiency of
the great national war organization on
Inch von are an important member
comes now," the message reads: "This
is the most important element in the
conduct of a war. It is plain to see
ow great the nation's dependence is
each particular man in wnom tne
president has expressed his confidence
bv nrmointment to a local board.
"It would be difficult to over-esti
mate the value to the nation of the
thing you are here called upon to do,
or the importance that it be done witn-
the limit herein indicated."
In spite o'f the call for, haste, official
vacancies causect tnese. resignation
T7t yillZN we arinounccd Bevo
recently, our - hopc3 were
high. We knew" that we had
the most unusual soft - drink
that had ever been offered: A
Leverage combining - the nutri
tive c::tract3 of wholesome ce
reals, .the zeet of Saazer Hops,
a flavor all its. own and abso
lute purity. We knew this be
cause, true to our cv.-n idcab,
we had experimented for yeara
before we were satisfied to say,
"We offer you Bevo it is a
different soft drink it is good
r.nd it is good for you."
High as were our hopes for
its reception, we have realized
them . far and beyond our
Bevo today is an estab
lished popular success. Ev
erywhere the same question ;
is asked: "Have you tried
Now, one final word. Wc f rom-
ise you that, in accord with the
known principles of Anheuser
Eucch and all its products, Bevo
not only will forever maintain,
its present high , standard of
qualify, but as time goes cn o-r
great endeavor shall be to make
this soft drink even more per
fect in every detail of its good
ness. You will find Bevo at inns, res
taurants, groceries, department
and drug stores, picnic grounds,
baseball parks, soda fountains,
dining cars and other places
where refreshing beverages are
Guard against substitutes.
Have the bottle opened in
front of you, : first seeing
that the seal is unbroken
and that the crown top
bears the Fox.
Bevo the all-year-'round soft drink
Bevo is sold in bottles only, and is bottled exclusively by
Anheuser-Busch St. Louis
' BLUMAUEE & HOCH
Wholesale Dealers, Portland, Oregon
- ' Families suppliedl by dealers
innocent apeparing message, which, in
a pre-arrnged code, would notify-Berlin
of the departure of the -ships. Then Ber
lin could have wirelessed her U-boats
to get on the likely route and thus bag
It is believed here this is wnat Hap
The spy hunt is going on careilly.
Meantime there is talk of co-ordinating
the various secret agencies under a. sin
gle hold, in order to avoid duplication
of effort or loose work, which, it is
claimed, has resulted under the present
scattered system of several independent
Praise Navy's Work. ,
London, July 5-All England rang
today with praises of the exploits of
the American naval convoy to the trans
ports bearing America's first expedi
tionary army to France. As the aver
age Briton saw it, there were two out
standing lessons in the failure of the
American navy to be taken 4y the Ger
man submarine surprise attack.
First, it was held here that the Bub
,,:,. lnuimi'u was thus nroved con
querable with a sufficient number of
Second, and most important in the
British view, the manifest prepared
ness of the Germans for the troops in
dicates how thoroughly and systematic
ia the Teuton spy system in America. -
Privately, many officials today ex
pressed amazement that the United
States had failed to profit by Eng
land's experiences in this regard. On
all sides todav the greatest anxiety
was expressed "that the United States
had not fully appreciated what it means
to combat the Wilhelmstrasse secret
agents. It was hoped, however, that
this example of German, efficiency in
spying would spur the United States in
to drastic combing out of enemy agents.
from tho boards. Any disposition to
shirk the duties without a exeuse for
resignation will not be tolerated.
Department officials today pointed
out under the law- such members can
be forced to serve. Evasions constitute
a punishable misdemeanor. So far the
number of resignations is far from
Although it is still held iu secrecy,
the method of . drawing the "key"
numbers of the draft is practically com
plete today. In a few days it will be
explained in another set of regulations.
Says United Stales
Alone Can Save China
A PENDLETON TRAGEDY
5)c jjc SjC ;jc )C
The German government has put thi
ban on German opera sineers coniini
Pendleton, Pre., July John
Bowman, carpenter, phot and
killed his wife and then kill
ed himself at their home here
today. Neighbors heard the
shots and ran to the Bowman
house to find the two bodies on
the kitchen floor. Overturned
furniture and marks on . the
body of the woman indicate a
desperate struggle preceded the
j to America. It if had never dono any)
! thing worse than., that wo should no(
lbe at war with Germany today. J
tions" are behind the monarchical
San Francisco, July 5 The one thing! movement, centering their efforts in the
that will save China from the blight j 16 northern provinces of China where
of a bloody civil war is interference j the people are not progressive and not
of the United States, Soo Hoo Nam;in toucn with outside affaire. The
Art, editor of Chung Sai Yat Po, thei ... , . ., .
Chinese daily newspaper here, declared edltor Pred,cts that the S1X
today. ...... provinces win iUMigb mu uiuuaiuiij' iu
He believes that "certain other na-'the last. V
A live sermon on a dead sub
ject. Hear Mr. Hayward tonight
in the tent in Marion Park.
is renown THE
WOULD OVER FOR
FUtVOR MB StViilJY
sssfe- if ill"
"THERE'S-'' A nES&Oij"
Last Times x ,
Today fit J ;
L T'Li-p i rs I it ,
WOniO PICTURK tnnaK
A WORLD P1CTUR1
n n a oy . M Aie