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Astoria, Oregon, Tuesday Morning, Jan. 20, 1874
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THE AST OKI AN.
TUESDAY, THURSDAY AXD SATURDATt
Monitor Building, A?toria, Otcgon.
X. C IRSIm13TI .. Proprietor
One Copy on o year .. ....SoQ0
One Copy six months..., ... 3 00
Ono Cpy three months 1 50
ttS" Single Number, Ten Cents, "a
One Insertion persqur.rc, 10Hncsorlcss...S2nO
Kach additional Insertion, per square.. 2 00
Nearly adv'ts per month, per squaro 1 50
L. P. Fisher, 20 and 21 New Merchants Ex
change, is authorized to act as Agent for tho
Astori vx in San Francisco.
Any friend who feels an interest in tho pros
perity of this region, is authorized to net as
Agent for this paper, in procuring subscribers.
The SidlaNV and Idaho both went to sea
on Saturday lasty
The Circuit Court for Clatsop county
"Will convene in this city on the 27th inst.
&3 For fresh Oysters, in overy style, call at
tho Parker House Hkstaueakt.
Case goods by the quantity, for epicure
ans, at Gray & Donaldson's "Washington
Market. A six hundred pound beef don't
last no time.
The littie tug Diana, from San Fnncis
co for Puget Sound, was beached near the
Quine&ult, and has probably gone to pie
ces by this time. No lives lost.
W. B. Headington was awarded the
contract for building the new cannery at
upper town, for which proposals were ad
For the simon pure spirits and tolmcco,
call on IL B. Parker, who has just opened
y. new stock, to be disposed of " in lots tc
juit purchaser," as you like it.
Judge Milton Elliott of this city was
the successful bidder at the Sheriff sale on
-aturdaj-, and took lots 30 and 11 in block
115 at 205 for the former, and 215 for the
Sherh? Twilight has delivered the unfor
tunate person adjudged insane at the late
session of the County Couri,to the author
ities at the East Portland Asylum. He
came from Clattop, and was known as
S Oysters in every stylo, at ail hours of
day or night, at tho Parker House Kkstau
haxt, Main street, Astoria,
The snow, thenow, the beautiful snow,
"to the depth of about three inches covered
the ground in this region, yesterday morn
ing, but its friends are doomed to disap
pointment, if they expect it to stay, as old
Sol was trying to make things too hot for
it before noon.
Col. E. D. Baldwin reports himself in a
prosperous condition in San Francisco, and
"well suited with his surrounding. Colonel
B. will undoubtedly be better suited there
fthan here, he has good cause to be, San
.Prancisco, yea, California, has the spirit
of progression marked upon her course
and that injunction to love thy neighbor
is perceptible in the many monuments
reared by Californians, so calculated to in
spire respect, and they are still building.
Our Oregon monuments, (most of them),
deserve to be dedicated to the Kilkenny
-cats, and this Baldwin well understands.
The office of the Astoria Parmer Com
pany has been removed to the new wharf.
On the 9th inst., off Cape Blanco, a
sailor fell overboard from the Oregon
schooner Hermnd wa's 'drowned.
Yesterday at 2:21 p. m., the highest
tides seen at Astoria for many days, were
witnessed. Nojdamage.w&s done.' " "
The anvil chorus as played in this
city by Messrs. F.'tC. Carr'and G. W.
Lamb, is a treat worth listening to on dull
KST A neat, clean, cosey place, for gentle
men and ladies to enjoy a dish of fresh Oysters
is at the Parker House Restaurant.'
The Germans of Astoria, have organ
ized a club to be known as the Astoria
Sangerband, and will meet for practice
four times a month,- and once a month for
the purpose of the business of the Club.
The officers chosen for the first term are
as follews: President Wm. Uhlenhart;
Secretary Otto Dufner; Treasurer M.
Myers: Sing wart Carl Bouchau. - , .
BEEF PACKING HOUSE.
It will be remembered that some time
ago we advocated the establishment of
beef and pork packing houses in Clatsop
count-, for the purposes of supplying mess
meats for the shipping, navy and Europe
an markets. The extraordinary demands
being made upon the producing masses
of the United States by overcrowded Eir
rope, and other parts of tho broad earth,
is not confined to bread alone, as the aston
ishing results of the export trade of New
York and Philadelphia, the past year,
readily shew -amounting, in the one item
of mess beef, to over five times the quan
tity consumed by the people cf the great
trade centers and manufacturing districts
of the United States. And this beef, thus
exported, has tc be transported from the
"West and Southwest, many hundreds of
miles by railroad, at high rates of tariff,
before it reaches the sea board. jEere, in
Oregon, the case is very different with a
grazing region almost boundless in extent,
every way superior to the famous blue
grass Innds of Kentucky, and herds of im
proved stock cattleolready nicely growing
at our very doors, with loss than two
hundred miles of inland navigation to
reach a sea port equal to that of New York
of Philadelphia, if not actually superior
to either, where ships of the largest class
may come, unobstructed at any season of
the year, as they now can for our grain,
flour, salmon, fruit, leat&er, oil, lumber,
hemlock tan-b&rk, stave-bolts, etc., let us
inquire what is to prevent the mess beef
packing interest from soon exceeding the
aggregate value of all other exports from
this highly favored region, when once suc
cessfully inaugurated? The Mountaineer
of recent date, has the following on the
subject of a, packinghouse at the Dalles:
As a subject worthy of reflection during
the ice blockade, we suggest the propriety
of taking some steps looking to the cstab
lishmeut at this place, of a packing houso
for beef and wool. The immense number
of beef cattle in the valley of the Colum
bia now matured for slaughter, and the
still larger herd hard upon their heels that
will in a short time be ready for market,
renders it imperative upon their owners to
devise some practical plan for getting them
upon the markets of the world. The cities
and towns that have heretofore furnished
the bunch grass regions of the Columbia
valley a limited market for its surplus
beef, do not possess a consuming capacity
proportionate to the extent of the herds
matured and maturing No one acquain
ted with the extent and capacity for stock
growing of the region whose natural out
Jet to the sea is the Columbia river, can
fail to arrive at the conclusion that when
it is stocked to anything like its capacity,
the present manner of disposing of surplus
beet will be so disproportionately inade
quate, as to react seriously, if not ruinous
ly, upon the stock interest. "We see no
reason why packing houses, with facilities
proportionate to the demands ot the coun
try, will notputstock growers of the upper
Columbia in business connection with the
world's mass of consumers. The navies,
warlike and commercial, that now float on
the north Pacific ocean, with proper facili
ties, would find this its chiefest point of
supplies of cured beef. The north Pacific
squadron of the United States navy should
be supplied with beef, purchased direct
from our own establishments. The grain
fleet now engaged in moving the wheat
crop of the coast, can be cheaper supplied
(with superior beef, from this point than
any other available one on the Pacific
slope. "With well appointed packing es
tablishments, the rearing of beef will be
come a more reliable business. Next in
order to the beef inteqest-ccmes that of
wool and mutton. A packing house, for
the purpose of grading and carefully pack
ing wool, will be of incalculable benefit to
the wool growers. Those interested in,
and conversant with wool growing, know
the great injustice done that interest by the
indiscriminate manner in which all kinds
and conditions of wool is put upon the
market, thus reducing the best grades-and
qualities not to an average of the entire
clip, but to the price of the poorest kind.
A grading and packing house would cor
rect this erroneous manner of doing busi
ness, and give to the enterprising improver
of his flock, a fair compensation for his
outlay and trouble. A grading and wool
packing house will not only enable the
sheep man to realize the price his wool is
actually worth, but will save a large num
ber who graze their flocks some distance
interior, the cost of transportation, for
with a steady and reliable market lor their
clip, they may drive to convenient places
which afford ample facilities for washing,
and there transfer their wool, in a market
able condition to the grader. "We com-
mend these subjects, briefly outlined, to
the thoughtful consideration of all who are
interested in the material prosperity of the
Columbia river valley. We hope stock
growers will take hold of this matter with
the same intelligent zeal that the producers
in the Wallamet are looking after the
things which sp deeply ''concern their
temporal salvation. " ,
We favor any scheme, looking to the
advancement of the material prosperity of
this State, and are not so tenacious about
the locality for establishments of the above
order, as to stubbornly refuse to counte
nance them at any other place but Astoria
and should Eastern Oregon succeed in
having such enterprises inaugurated, we
hope that the producers of that division of
the State will look more their own interest
and take hold of the matter with more in
telligent zeal, than the producers of the
Wallamet valley have ever yet displayed
in looking after tho things which so deeply
concern their temporal salvation.
As we passed along Jefferson street
one day this week, says the Bulletin,
we were reminded of the mildness of
the climate by observing a stack of
new mown grass in the yard of Mr.
W. S. Ladd. Think of it, new mown
grass in January I
Citizens of Pendleton, Umatilla
coxmty, have formed an incorpora
tion, with a capital of $15,000, for
erecting buildings for a seminary of
learning, J, H, Turner, Lot Liver
more, George A, LaDow, Dr. John
Teal, H, J, Bailey, I. C. Disosway,
W H. Marshall, A. W. Nye and E.
Welch were elected incorporators.
Most of the stock was subscribed at
Brookfield wants a Post-office, and
Brookfield ought to hare one.
- Charley Dexter is again snugly en
sconced at tho sea-side with his family.
The Granger states, with apparent au
thority, that the Wallamet River Trans
portation Company arc prepared to run
their boats from points above the falls to
Astoria, when there is a demand upon the
line for such traffic.
Clarke, Henderson and Cook have
dissolved. Clarke & Henderson will con
duct the business as usual, and retain the
reputation already established. Mr.
Cooke goes to Clifton, in this county, to
engage in business there, and has lately
been appointed Postmaster at that new
uSrotice. Tho cheapest and just as
good. Nicholas Koefoed informs the pub
lic that he has moved from the old Astor
ia nouse to the corner of Main and Con
comly streets, where he has fitted up a
very comfortable dining and sitting room
for guests, and the house will be kept to
suit the times and custom. Rooms with
good Spring and Peather beds can be had
terms reasonable. See advertisement.
He has also good accommodation and is
ready to servo his friends with his tasty
fancy Roast and frys, and he defies any
one to get up a tastier stew than ever went
to a pair of lips. If you don't believe ask
Excellent Thoso Sugar Cured Hams, and
that Fresh Roll Butter, Fresh Buckwheat,
(this year's crop), Corn Meal, Cracked Wheat,
Hominy, etc, at Case's. lJtf
LOST. Sometime, during last week,
a 5 gold piece. The finder will be suita
ably rewarded by leaving it at this office.
Ox for Sale. One stout, heavy
built work Ox, eight years of age, gentle
and well broken, weighing between 800
and 900 pounds, is offered for sale on ap
plication at John. Douglass' ranch, Lewis
and Clarke river. ' d27t
Warsaw is happy over a potato
sprouted' from a grape 'vine. '
A goose known to be 70 years old,
died recently in Scotland. '
Time has made life too long for
our hopes, but too brief 'for our deeds'.
A 110-year-old hunter, who has
slain over 2,000 deer, died recently
at Leary, N. Y,
-An Iowa man raised on half an
acre of land last year, 44,000 pounds
of cabbages. , . -
The cotton crop of Egypt the past
year is estimated at 200,000 bales!
The Government is fostering it.
The price of a girl is quoted at two
cows in the slave districts of East
Africa, according to Sir Samuel
There is a yew tree two thousand
3rears old in the Darley Dale church
yard in Derbyshire; England. It is
believed to be the oldest in all Eng
land. We tire of few things" so .soon, as
fastidiousness, for it is impossible
long to love those whom we .cannot
satisfy or please.
A mare carried away from Sterling
Ky., during the-war, nearly ten years
ago, lately returned to her old home
" by herself and of her own accord."
TIIE CHIEF JUSTICESHIP.
THE FALL OF CALEB CUSHING THE
PRESIDENT LOOKING FOR ANOTHER
Dispatches to the Associated Press
announce the fall ot Caleb Cushing,
the subsequent withdrawal of his
name from the nomination for Chief
Justice by President Grant, and the
generally perturbed -state of politics
at the National Capital, all of which
has the foreshadowing of happy
times for the opposition to the Re
It is stated that at a caucus of Re
publican Senators, held on Tuesday,
Edmunds, Conkling and Boutwell,
favored the confirmation of Cushing.
These were his principal advocates,
but those who spoke on the other
side were far more numerous, and
before the discussion ended, it was
observed that the-nominee's friends
were in the minority. Pinally, it
was informally decided to ask the
Judiciary Committee to call upon the
President and represent to him the
feeling against confirmation. The
opposition to Cushing is solely on po
A special to the Chicago Inter
Ocean says that if lightning had
struck the room in which the Senate
was, it would not have disturbed
Cushing s friends more than the
following letter, produced and read
by Sargent, from Cushing to Jefferson
Davis, President of the Confederacy.
My Dear Fkeind : This wTill intro
duce to you my friend Abraham
Powers, who has been clerk in one
of the Departments here for six or
seven years. He leaves service here
on account of his opinions, and being
a Southern man by birth and educa
tion, is devoted to what" he regards
as his country the Confederacy.
He has -been a contributor to De
Bow's Review, and is fully acquaint
ed with the questions which under
mined and have now broken up the
American Union. I commend him
to your notice as a man worthy of
(Signed) CALEB CUSHING.
The reading produced an immense
sensation. Those who had defended
Cushing looked blank and amazed.
Lewis, of Virginia, cried out to learn
whether the political disabilities of
Cushing had ever been removed.
The caucus was for some time broken
up and Senators were in confusion,
talking the matter over and asking
for points. At last order was restor
ed, when it was at once decided,
without opposition, that the Judicia
ry Committee should wait on the
President and' ask him to withdraw
the nomination of Cushing on the
ground of correspondence with an en
emy during the rebellion. This being
done, the President withdrew the
name. Cushing indignantly denies
all aspersions upon his loyalty, and
will probably ask to be 'delivered
from the house of his friends.
The Chicago Tribune of the 15th
says that on the day previous the
President communicated with Judge
Davis, of Massachusetts, who is now
in the city, to know if he would ex
cept the nomination for slaughter:
Concerning this matter we find the
the following comments showing the
spirit of the press :
From the Oregonian : tl The docu
ments read in the caucus do not seem
to us to prove conclusively that Mr.
Cushing was in sympathy with those
who sought to overthrow the Govern
ment, but they are sufficient to place
him on the defensive ground, and
that, upon a charge of the nature of
that brought against him, is a very
embarrassing position, to say the
Prom a Washington Special : " In
justice is done the President by the
statement that he hesitated to with
draw Cushing' s name after the letter
of 1861 was discovered, and that he
considered the letter unimportant.
The original document was less offen
sive than the Times' special charged,
for it contained no avowal by Cushing
of trie opinion that the Government
was destroyed.." ", ' . ' '
' Prom the Bulletin: "JSlr. Caleb
Cushing seems to be o.ie of those
men who have the misfortune to out
live their iisefulness and opportuni
ties, and reputation too. The disclo
sures made concerning him, are
simply terrible, and seem to make it
impossible that he should be Chief
Justice. He stands charged with,
nothing less than criminal correspon
dence with the public enemy in time
of rebellion, giving them encourage
ment, aid and comfort. This is a
terrible exposure for Mr. Cushing.
Compared with such a charge, back
ed as it is with the convincing proof,
aH the malevolent charges aganst
Williams were simply petty slanders
deserving no attention."
Washington Specials give the cred
it of Cushing's nomination to Ben.
Butler, of Massachusetts, who desired
in this way to secure the promotion
of a life-long friend, and avenge him
self on Judge Hoar, who opposed
him for Governor.
' Miscellaneous News,
In the House of Represenatives, on
the 14th, the Senate substitute for
the salary bill was passed by 226 yeas
to 25 nays. The bill goes to the
President for approval. It reduces
the salaries to the old rates.
The legislatures of Texas, Iowa
and Kansas are now in session B.
W. Eckerson, was chosen Speaker of
the latter House. In taking, the
chair, he announced himself an orig
inal Republican, bnt fully in sympa
thy with retrenchment and reform
and opposed to all monopolies. The
Senate met and virtually decided
not to go into an organization of that
body as had been contemplated.
The iron-clad Numancia has ar
rived at Algeria, with 2,500 Cartage
nian refugees on board. Escaping
from Cartagena, she passed five of
the Government men-of-war at the
mouth of the harbor. The refugees,
on their arrival, surrendered them
selves to the French authorities.
Among them are Generals Contreras
and Galvez, and other members of
the insurgent Junta. They declare
that the city fell through the treach
ery of the commanding officer of the
principal fort. The condition of the
forts around Cartagena confirm the
suspicions of treachery.
The Senate has confirmed the
nomination of George Crook as
The reformers have a majority of
17 in the House, Wisconsin legisla
ture. The Republicans organized
the Senate with one majority.
The Japanese Government has is
sued a decree permitting the expor
tation of flour; also, lice, barley and
wheat. The postal authorities have
introduced stamped envelopes and
paper, in imitation of the postal card
La Grave, for some time in prison
in New York city, awaiting trial on a
civil and criminal charge of swindl
ing, has disappeared. The United
States Marshall, overlooking the
criminal charge, accepted bail in
$3,000 on the civil suit, and La Grave
has hot been seen since;
The Governor of Georgia, on the
assemblage of the legislature of that
State, in his message takes a cheerful
view of affairs. The State debt is
8000,000, and the estimated value
of the taxable property 250,000,000.
The Senate approved the final action
of Congress on the salary question.
The Governor of Texas, being in
formed that the legislature was
ready for business, replied reciting
the decision of the Supreme Court
with regard to the legality of the
election, and expressing a clesire to
have the matter properly settled, to
avoid further and future complica
tions, and suggesting a' reference of
the question to the President and
Congress of the United States. Both
Houses appointed committees to con
fer with each other and with the
Governor with regard to a settlement
of the differences.
A young man entered a store in
Boise City, some time since, who
prides himself on his small feet, and
vainly essayed to get on either Nos..
II, 12, or 13, boots. The clerk then
suggested that he should-put on a
thinner pairv of stockings and try on
the box. '..