Image provided by: University of Oregon, Knight Library; Eugene, OR
J. C. IREI-AXI Tlitr.
ASTORIA Ja. 3, 1874 i
THE 1C12 BLOCKADE.
The Corvallis Gazette of the 12th,
under the above caption has this
This ice blockade of the Columbia
river is liable to occur every "Winter
and last from two to six-Aveeks. If
"Portland alone suffered, it would be
u calamity that every business man
and philanthropist in the place would
seek to avert. It is not Portland or a
few of the Northern counties alone
that sufiers, but the entire State.
The commerce of the State is thus
Virtually suspended, business lags,
and every interest suffeis to a 'great
er or" less extent. The hardship, this
year, rests most severely upon the
west side counties whose entire grain
products are stored in warehouses,
remote from the railroad, awaiting
transportation. The freeze up, which
closes the Columbia river, has the ef
fect of virtually closing the upper
Wallamet although not .frozen.
To this the Oregon Granger res
This Nellie strath, but not all that
may be .truthfully said. The liabili
ties to closing the river with ice are
increasing from .year to year. It is a
ivell established 'fact Unit with the
.advance of civilization in all coun
tries,, climatic conditions change.
These changes vary, of course, in ac
cordance with the natural conditions.
Jn all heavily timbered regions,
where the margin of the streams are
.sheltered, and the soil protected by
vegetable accumulations, the tenden
cy is to change from warm -to cold.
And iu those countries where the
opposite tendency is the rule, 'Then
as our timber lands arc cleared up
and the rivers more and more expos
ed, will the liabilities to obstruction
in our rivers increase. 2vor is this
the only reason. The breaking up
of the soil in the interior, increases
the sediment contained in the river
water, and to a certain extent re
tards its motion. Still water freezes
jnore readily than running water.
Again, the salts, and earthy matter
of this sediment, facilitates congela
tion. 1-Jut in a commercial point of view,
the closing of the Columbia river, is
a dire misTortunc to the entire State.
This condition of things can only be
effectually overcome by the opening
of railroad communication with salt
water. Sixty-live miles of railroad
from Forest Grove to Astoria would
cut fetters, and place Oregon pro
duels at the tide water, the great
balance wheel of commercial values
Oregon can, must, and will have
this road in a few years but delays
.arc expensive, as well as dangerous.
Brother Carter, of the Gazette, takes
advantage of this stagnation in ship
ping circles, to say a" good word for
the proposed Yaqiiina Ray railroad.
Sixty miles of road, over a practicable
route, would connect Corvallis with
alt water at Yaquina Bay, and thus
jjivc Oregon two strings to her bow.
We are in favor of tins road, as a
regulator of transportation lines and
tariffs, but for heavy foreign ship
ments we must rely upon the mouth
of the Columbia river, wheie there
is no question about the dcjth of wa
ter on the bar. Rut these two points
have no war to wage upon each oth
er. Their interests are mutual. That
which builds up either, is a direct
aid to he State. As a worker for
the development of the resources of
Oregon, we join hands with the Ga
zette, and say, let us plow together,
and the furrow will be the deeper for
the double team.
The Gazette copies the above, and
.comments as follows :
The above well-timed article from
.the Oregon Granger, of Dec. ISth, we
ropy entire for the purpose of en
dorsing it. If the press of Oregon
would lay aside all undue local prej
udices and become u workers lor the
-development of tlu resources" of the
.entire State, a new era would dawn
.and a higher plane of journalism
be reached. "We have had enough of
jocal quarrels and unbecoming and
.undigniiied personifies in the press
of this State, The people are becom
ing tired of it aud newspaper .con
ductors woulU do well .to welcome
the Granger as a .co-laborer and take
the hint. We ar.e glad to welcome
.the new field,
Ai-o:v T5JE yriirAsiYjES,
."Beginning at the lojwor end of Astoria,
re find Bob-on and Yarrcm V whurjf jyith
iis car and crane to facilitate loading and
discharging freight, doing its usDul ainou.it
A short distance above, fhe new wlmf c jf
C"apt. Ilbbson siamla out into deep water
: "We pass by the Benton street' wharf but
glance.at tlulaVge dock aiuLwansliousc of
;Lbe .Orpjjon Sjmb)iin "Co,,, formerly
North Pacific Transportation Co. This
dock has a large open space for the accom
modation of out door freight, while its
large warehouse furnishes storage for con
siderble merchandise. Though doing a
thriving business, .there is some spare
room in it, at present, which might accom
modate wheat purchasers
Near it are the large docks of Capt.
Flavcl, which -arc being enlarged, but at
the same time accommodating all its
Above this, at the saw mill wharf, called
PerrelPs wharf, supports its measure of
lumber and &tave-bol?s for shipment to
domestic and foreign ports. Permission
has been granted by the City Council, to
extend this wharf, which will doubtless be
Next we arrive at the new dock and
warehouse of the Astoria Farmers, "Ware
house Co. This wharf is about GOO feet
from the shore; is 55 feet wide and, when
completed, will be GOO feet long parrallcl
with the shore. It has a depth of water,
at low tide, equal to 27 feet on the front
.nd 22 feet on the back. It is so far com
pleted now as to furnish storage lor sever
al thousand tons of grain, and to load four
ships at the same time, there being room
for that number of vessels to lie around it.
The wharf is connected with the shore b3T
a narrow roadway, extending from the east
end to the shore. The wharf will be ex
tended easternly so that the roadway will
intersect it at the middle.
In the basin between the present wharf
and the shore the water is good, and there
will ultimately be other wharves construct
ed parallel to the present one with birth for
boats between; enough to load sixteen
vessels at once. At the outer wharf, the
largest ships that iloat can load, and at
the second, ordinary ships can lie, and at
the third, the largest vessels that are able
to get up and down the "Wallamct river
may easily float.
At "upper Astoria" the pile driver is
seen driving an extension of the wharf be
longing to the famous tannery of Lcinen
weber&Co. On a portion ot this exten
sion will be erected the large cannery for
preserving the Columbia river Salmon,
in the Spring the wharf will be further
enlarged with a view more particularly to
the accommodation of shipping.
ASTORIA CAXXIXG C03IPANY.
In a previous article we alluded to
the incorporation of a joint stock
company of abundant means, for the
purpose of catching and packing
salmon at Astoria. The corporation
shall be know by the firm name of
John liadollet and Co., and consists
of .Messrs. John Badollet, John Ilob
son, George W. Warren, Henry
Aiken, and C. Leinenwcber five old
time citizens of Oregon, each one of
whom may be rated as first class
business men. The site of the new
works has been selected at the upper
town, and operations have already
commenced for the construction of
the buildings, under he supervision
of Mr. G. W. Warren. These build-,
ings will comprise for the first season,
one two story frame 40 by 120 feet in
size, one two story franie ;0 by 40
feet, besides the mess houses, salting
houses, packing houses, wood and
coal houses, etc., on the main land.
The company will this season occupy
a water front of 184 by 70 feet depth,
the piles for which arc now being
driven. All the latest machinery
and most approved methods for car
rying on the business have been
adopted, and the machinery is ex
pected here from the Atlantic .States
as soon as the buildings are ready to
receive it. We think the company
particularly fortunate in having se
lected the site they did for this ex
tensive business. It is certainly one
of the best locations on the river,
wood, water and everything else be
ing convenient besides, which, they
have the whole Columbia river in
front of them to "drift" in and
catch from, and, when business de
mands it, can load a twenty-four foot
vessel for .sea if they desire do to so,
without any fears of the hog's-baclt
or other obstruction in the way of
free navigation to Europe, should
they choose to ship their product
direct to foreign ports. The parties
concerned are abundantly able to
extend the works whenever it is nec
essary, and having employed one of
the best packers in the state, -Mr.
Thomas )avis, jr., long connected
with the AVestport works, to superin
tend the operations, thor seems to
us i?o n&son in the world why the
Astorja Canning Company cannot be
assured of the greatest success in this
verv important branch of business,
and make it second to none on the
Pacific coast They have entered
upon it for a business and intend to
pursue it as long as salmon continue
to run in the Columbia. They are
preparing to catch if necessary, but
propose i.t'tbe same time, to pur
chase .all the fish that come in sight
from parties engaged exclusively in
fishing. 3 1 seems strange io us 'that
a-business of this character, has not
fteei.s.tart,ed iu Ajtorja yeatf. ago.
Hours of Observation 7 a, m. 2 andO p. m.
liy Lonjg Wilson. U.S. Coast Survev.
tw 1Jnr i Thcriuomctor . -Ldrect n
.Dec. Kain ot
Mean UuaiiuMaxiU.n fall, tho wind
1 2!i.S()Uj :." 51 :W o :JU (J 0.7i is'orth
2 :?o.i.-i 2 ; :;n o o u.oi Xi:
a 2,J,4 28 lj Dl 7 24 7
-1 121, HU .'50 -1 :51 o, 2S 71 0.03
2!),ei: :M 7 :M 7 81 7 0.12
2V41 3.1 S :57 7 ,'51 7 East
7 20,W:! :) -J ;:s l; lH II 0.22 XE
S 2JI,8iJS 3: :J7 i fti 0! '"
! 2!,!'i54 31) 1 .'tt S 27 8
10 ::0,044 27 4 :J0 4 24 7
11 aorl-Ji)l 27 ! 32 7 2." () - ;
12 W.U'O :52 7 i 2 27 5 "
13 2i,sij 3i ; :k :m j 0.17
14 2!,7:K) 37 3 :5S 7 tt 4 0.42 "
1"...J2.),477 43 2 47 0 :'8 l! 0.01 South
15 30,203 40 il 44 0 :t") 7 0.01 SW
17 30,103 37 3 3'l 5 33 7 0.0 XE
1H 20,82'j 3!l 2 30 (i 30 0 0.04
10 2!l,771 42 2 43 3 40 3 0.30 East
20 20,WS 41 !l 40 0 41 S 0.40 South
21 20,008' 44 0 40 0 41 S 0.40 tfmtli
22 30,02.") 42 0 417 40 0 0.11 East
23 o? co oo co 0.02 SE
21 30,0.50 417 47 1 43 1 1.4H South
21 30,320 40 5 43 8 38 0 0.34 !NE
20 30,001 38 0 42 3 .3.1 5 0.0
27 20,821 30 0 42 0 38 0 0.0 "
28 20,817 41 5 43 0 30 7 P.3o
29 2!,S33 43 .1 47 0 40 7 0.23
30 20,014 4S 4 52 (i 41 0 0.45 South
31 20,70-1 410,458424 0.00
Xotk 10 inchc? of Snow uialios 1 of Water.
Mkt. TIepqrt. Dkckmhkk, 1S73.
Latitude ! 11' 2S" X., Lonjr. 123 40' 32" W.
(lleijrht above Mean tide, 52 feet.)
Lowest rangu of Therm., (3d and 10th) 24.7
llijrhe-t " 4" ( 30th) 52.0
Lowest range of Barometer .20.3-11
Highest " " 30.353
Average temperature for tho month 37.3
" height of Barometer " 2H.S47
humidity " 0.82'J
Amount of daily rain during the month... 2.382
nightly " ' " ... 4.370
dew.s " " ...
daily snows, (molted) " ... ".012
nightly " " " ... .817
Number rainy days " 13.
" nights -- " 17.
" snowy days ' 1.
' nights . " 2.
" entirely cloudy days " 0.
" cloudless " " 1.
Averago weather for the month, Bainy.
Direction of wind during tho month :
North 30 miles .orth East...43;'0 miles
South .IS ft " SouthW'est... 12 "
East 402 " South East ... 00 "
West 21 " Northwest. "
iMean direction for the month, East.
Number of miles traveled 3307
Teni5le .oile o. 7 A. F. & A. M.
Regular Communications first and third
Saturdays in each month, at 7 o'clock
i m at the Hall in Astoria. Members.
of the Order in good standing are invited to at
tond. By ordei of the V. .M.
Beaver Lodge No. 35, 10. 0.F.
ii&e. jileet every Thursday evening.
Fat 7 o'clock, in tho Odd Fellow's
" Sr'Jlall, corner of Cass and Jettorson
"tAN streets, Astoriu. iM embers of the
Order are invited to attend. By order, JST. (j,
r!IIE AST01UA FARMERS' COMPANY
JL is now ready to store
JHieat and other JPliOBUCB I
ATTHErR NEW WAREHOUSE. Vsual
lates charged, S. 1). AJJA LK, Secretarv.
Astoria, JJec. 4th, 1d73. tlltf
Ghenamm street, Astoria, Oregon.
t:3-Manufactures to or dor tho best quality
of Uoots and Shoes .Repairing of all kinds ""S
Astoria Tr licit and Dray Co.
OlKcc at J. "W. Gcarhart's Store, Utona.
OBDElfS LEFT WITH MB. CJE.A11HA11T
for any kind of Teaming, will be promptly
attended to. ood of all kinds constantly on
hand, orders solicited. oc4fl"
qiTIE rXDERSIGNED, HAYING
k Secured tho torvifea of a
French G3ove Raksr,
is now prepared to manufacture all stvles of
Ladie' and Oentlemon's KLD, FL'lt, iL'Clv
and DUUrflvIN GliO iv.
PERFECT FinillG Ufl LATEST FASHIONS
Guaranteed. Also, (J loves cloancd, Dyed and
Ropaired, on short notice. C. E. DulSOlS,
nlUtfJ Portland, Oregon.
Dissolution of PartnersM-o.
FpHB I'ARTNKRbJI I L HERETOFORE EX
Ju iihv: between ,i. F. launders and A. O.
-Mien. i this day di-colved-by mutiri I consent.
A. i, Allen vctirc-'. 1 aMiiue all obligations.
All debts due tho linn to be paid to Pie
1-ort bteren--, Oregon. loc. s-th, ltu'.r. dint
WELLS, FARGO ct-CO.'S EXPRESS.
T7AVIX(; ESTA15L1SUED Ol-'PICEs' IX
A all parts of Oregon, Wellington ;ul Idaho
territories, we ;ire iiropnred to do a General
Express apd lmght;ng b-.tsincss ji all its
freight or Packages will he called for in any
part of the city by giving proper notirc anil
foi warded with dispatch to any p,art of the
world, through .our.owji jano connecting Ex-'
prees, at UrtyUJy reduced rates.
OO 1 j lii'.C L'j u. S Jf .M) 1 arwi Commissions
for t'urcbiue of Goods. et,c, Rtc.,Vili receive
c shall conriuue to 1RAW EXOTAXGE
as usual on all'the principal cities of the Tint
ed tates, the Ganadas and Europe, and to'sL-11
TELr.GAi'iUGEXGllA.N'GE when desired.
' WELLS, EAKGo 4V GO;
A. Vjl.v JL'dtv,Keident Agent, Astoria,
TRAXK EABRE, at the Central Market,
JU Jortland, has enlarged his COFEEK stall,
and added such improvements a? will enable
him to provide Epicures with the best in the
Market. 1'arties furnished with II ot Co tie o on
short notice. Give the Central -Market Coffee
Stand a trial ocltf
Fancy Poultry 1 Sale.
riUIE UXDERSIGXED, ABOUT TO EE
JL movo from Astoria, offers his stock of fan
cy 1 oultry for sale, at tho following reduced
Silver Spangled Hamburg?
Light lirah mas
7 .")0 per pair
... o 00 "
... 5 00
... .0 00
ttdX.AH Chickens are warranted to ePuro
blooded. A. J . il KG LER ,
n--'tf 'Astoria, Oregon.
THE WHOIiESAIiE OYSTER CO.
(Q -i- & Gross, Agent,
xi POUTLANB, OliKGOX.
rpiITS COIPAXY IS XOW BEADY TO
JL deliver from ono to one thousand sacks of
Iresh Oysters, direct from their native element
three times a week; we can furnish all kinds,
In any Quantity, at prices Defying Com
petition. Customers can rely upon regular tri-woekly
supplies, either in sunshino or storm
We never Pail, and Always, latt the Sea
G. AY. "WARREN & CO.,
oc2tf Astoria, Oregon.
LAMB KITTM! IACHIIE
A PATR OF POCKS IX T1IIBTY MTNUTS
XL knits II osiory, il ittens, and Gloves of all
sizes, complete, without a seam.
y"3endfor Circular. Agents Wanted.
A. TAIL, General Agent,
0 re g o.n Bakery,
P. OPITZ, Proprictoi,
Pirst Street, near Vino, Portland, Oregon
MANUFACTURE all kinds of Fancy Fis
cuits, Crackers, Pilot, Ship and Naval
liread. Orders addressed as above promptly
attended to, aulJ tf
XT. S. MAIL AXD EXPRESS.
imn Antniiin tn ' ntnnn Unnnh
Ilia 11 1- 1
h. n i. t imiii nnn
.XIJLVJ. XW. LU
Past 1IORSES! Good OAIiRIAGE!
LEAVES ASTORIA EVERY TUESDAY,
Thursday and Saturday Mornings.
Arrive Same Mornings at tho
And SEA SIDE IIOTJSE.
RETURNING Leaves those Houses every
Monday, Wednesday and Friday, connecting
with steamor to Portland each way.
t-3Distaneo twenty-four miles, fare $1 oO.
Jl.iJ. PARKER, Proprietor.
The Steam Tug Varuna
t-i Will leave Astoria even
tfiftAr' TUESDAY and SATURDAY
esssL. Morning, for
FORT STEVENS, -
Carrying Mails, Pa'songers and Freight.
WjX. Other days of the week she will bo ready
to go anywhero that business may jutify. Js
prepared to lighter cargoes, freight, havcattlo
and wood. J . Jl. D. lilt A V Agent, Astoria.
ThoYast sailing Sloop .,-?.
W. K. TWILIGHT, .
Js now in readiness to Charter for Pleasure
Parties, Freight or Passengers. Jlead-iuarterj
Corner Main and Jefferson streots. Astoria.
ONLY REGULAR PACKET BETWEEN
ASTORIA AND CLATSOP.
Carrying the U. S IVIasii
The well Known sloop itf-
Loaves Clatsop every Monday, Wednesday
and l'riday, on arrival ot Stages, connecting
at Astoria wiih the steamer Dixie Thompson.
Returning, leaves Astoria every Tuesday,
Thursday and Saturday, connecting with the
Coaches for tho Reach. Extra trips made to
accommodate the traveling public.
Geoege B. McEttax,
TS PREPARED TO CONSTRUCT BOATS
X of every description, of the best materials,
on short notice, and guarantees to give satis
faction. L Before sending to San Francisco or else
where, give mo a call. oHtf
JMv COLUMBIA RIVER PILOTS!
P. JOHNSON, M. M. GILMAN,.,
JI..A.SNOW,' ' GtREED,
P E. FERCJI'EN. C. S. -WRIGHT, Agent.
RS-Okkicc Corner of 'Main and Chennmu
atreetsy. Astoria, Ojcg yx.
Establislxed in Astoria in l&iO.
XE"Y GOODS. CHEAP GOODS.
A. VAN DUSE
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Corner of Main and Chenamus-streets,
JS NOW OFFERING FOR SALE ONE OF
Ji. the largest and most eompleto assortment
ot General Merchandise "ever before brought
to the country, and to buyers
For Cash will offer the Most Fiattering Inducements
In tho line of
HATS, AND GAPS,
I300TS AND SHOES
LADIES' DRESS GOODS,
A Complete Stock ol'vvy Article.
TOO 2CLMKROrS TO MENTION.
K5-Givo mo a call, and bo convinced that
my goods are of tho best quality, and as cheap
as can bo bought of any house in tho State.
A. VAN DUSEN.
GOODS FOR THE SEASON
Great EEMCTIOF in Prices !.
Selling Less than Cost
TEE EMIKE STOCKL
A TJS,?i?01IS OFTIIE LATE GEORGE
XA. bbAliMEKb, deceased, Astoria Orogon.-
H AS TO BE SOLD;
And in-order to settlo up tho affairs of tho es
tate, the undersigned, administrator, is now
ottering the entire line, embracing a vorv de
sirable quality of goods at prices below actual-
T"Call and Examino for Yoursclves.'Sti
rir All porsons having bills against the es
tate will pleaso present tho same, with proper
vouohers for payment. And all porsons owing
tho estate will pleaso come forward and settlo,
or make ariangemcnts to settlo the same, and
save costs. C. S. WKIGI1T,
Headquarters ! Hoaclquartors I
I. W. CASE,
Chenamus Street, Astoria, Oregon,
AVholesalo and Kctail Dealer in
Dry Goods, Clothing. Groceries, Provisions, Solicns;.
Axd Ge.s-j.kat Merchandise,
J300TS AND SHOES,
I3LANKETS, FLAjStELS, &c.k
"Which is being ofTored
Cheap FOR CASH or PRODUCE !
3. All the 2s ev School Boolcs. that om.
be liaa, and a great variety of Stationery
jut received. " jyi tf
Millinery and Fancy Goods.
"rE v'TSTr T0 CALLTHEAl'TENTIOX
T T of the Ladies of Astoria and vicinity to
our new stock ot
Millinery and Fancy Goods L
Which wo offer at reasonable prices. Ladies
living at a distance, favoring us with their or
ders, will find them promptly attendod to.
IYliS H. M. MORRISOW, Propr.
.Main street, Astoria Oregon. fC"
PETER II. FOX,
Corner of Main and Jefferson streets, Astoria
LOTlIIXCr OF ALL KIXDS CUT AND
made to order. Cleaning and repairing.
Main Street - - Astoria, Oregon
ATCIIES AXJ) CLOCKS cleaned and re
paired in the host ninnnr. xt r...rc ;T
1iiutery Uestaurant. s"tf
PT &!gfh KEPAIBER
LJ&.1& J TL2. Jilt & REGULATOK.
Prom the Ilouse of .Matthias Gray,
t2- and 02-1 Clay street, San Francisco. Cal.,
and Odd Fellow's Templo, Portland.
rimy: oxly tuxkh, with one excep-
X .tion, to whom Ir. (iray has over given a
U ritten recommendation.
... -- - I - wvuo A-
xT -Mr. ScIioor will soon virft Astoria, end
orders loft at the Astokiax Omen will bo
promptly attended to. ' n-tf
flEXTK AL MARKET, Stalls Ko.'2T andSS.
V roitl.iiiu, Oregon.
. JOUXSON & SPAULDING.
Doalers in all kind? of FKESI1 MEATS, and
pachera of l:eef and Pork. The bihet uric
raid to; all kinds of fut stock. joMf