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WILLAMETTE FARMER: SALEM, OREGON, MAY 1C, 1884
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INVITATION TO SUBSCRIBE.
We weiik mistaken in anothor article
in saying that General Grant was on the
rotircd list. Such a matter has been
talked of but not passed, it seems. Last
week Senator Edmunds made such a
motion in the Senate and it will proba
bly pass. The quarter of a million raised
for Grant, by the influence of jjpr. Jones,
owner of tho N. Y. Times, was invested
in securities of tho Wabash railroad
system, which havo greatly depreciated,
but tho principal was never placed at
his disposal. It remains in tho hands of
a commission of his friends who pay him
tho interest as it accrues, bo Grant is
not in actual want but is linanciany
bankrupt. Wo cannot but feel that ho
had better loinained out of business, or
at least clear of of tho complications and
shaip practices of Wall street.
her in the position wc occupy and that
so many act so badly in? Wc do not
recognize that woman was made to
copo with tho world's rough caues and
take part in the activities of ruling and
managing. Her sex and maternity do
not agreo with tho growing idea, that
involves strength and control. Her
sphere is home and there she is queen and
counsel. If we ask her to join the theory
and take part in swaying the multitude
will she gain or lose in those qualities
that sho now possesses, that we love and
admire and almost worship? Wbon we
meet this question fairly we hesitatp, not
that we believe, man better or wiser,
but that naturo seems to havo made him
to rule, to govern, to protect and provide
It is truo he does not always do it. He
is sometimes weak and often erring, and
sho is sometimes strong and self-reliant.
Take man and woman, however, as a
class, take average humanity and then
judge if woman's suffrage is nocessary to
make the world better, truth stronger,
justices moro certain and if it is, then let
us have it. j
But if the effect shall bo to degrade
the box wo love and admire rather than
to oxalt humanity, then let us hesitate.
With us there is no joalousy of woman
it is because wo recognize her transcen
dent qualities that wo hesitate to change
her sphpre life and thereby, it may bo,
THE SHIPPINO BILL.
A vr.w yhaus ago .Tames 11. Kcene, a
successful quartz speculator who hud
amassed millions in Nevada and San
Francisco, removed to Now York, as ho
said : to show Jay Gould that "Califor
nia could furnish mon ablo to mako him
tako a back seat." Kcpiio has led a lively
life of it in Wall stroot and has been a
bold speculator in many stocks. Last
week ho "called a halt" and began to
pay off his losses, which amount to nine
millions in tho last six months. It is
thought ho can savo two millions out of
tho wrock of his fortunes but ho has lost
much moro than that. Jay Goujd hasn't
taken a back seat but controls tho stock
markot largely. During six months
back of as many havo lost their millions.
Tho general deprociatiou in values of
stocks will reach hundrpds of millions of
dollars, which is what pcoplo aro less
worth than they supposed thoy wore.
Tho happiest man is ho who is satisfied
to do good and load n useful lifo with a
Tho Senate has amended and passed
the House bill to improve American ship
ping. The bill provides that customs
dues shall bo remitted on material used
in ship building, less a per cent. When
a vessel of United States registry is in
tended to carry mails to any foreign
j port, or from the Atlantic to tho Pacific,
touehig at foreign ports, a sum not ex
ceeding ono dollar a mile, and not greater
than tho income received from such mail
sorvico tho year previous, can be paid
by tho Fostmastcr-Gonorul, a four to tix
years contract being made with tho low
est responsible bidder. All officers of
United States vessels must bo American
citizens. Tonnago dues aro abolished,
which has been a severe tax on our com'
morco in lato years, as England had no
such tax. Ships of other nations aro
treated as they troat our ships. This
enables ship builders to compcto with
the world in all respects. It is much
better than tho proposition to let foreign
built ships bo admitted to registry in tho
United States, as it encourages homo en
terprise and will result in many ships
being built at home. Tho effect may
not bo as good as hoped for but it must
bo an oncouragement to our country
men. It remains now for tho House to
accopt tho Senate amendments, and if
that is dono tho bill will becomo a law.
FAILURE OF GENERAL GRANT.
sens tho weight much less than the
former way, which destroys much of the
texture it prepares. So the new process
not only utilizes a mufh wider rang" of
material but furnishes tho woild goods
of a more enduring texture.
Tho most remaikablc fact with Tap
pan's invention is thus described : Stalks
of tho cotton or corn plants or any
thing having a fibrous growth aro of
more value than tho hber. me cotton
stalk thus treated yields a softer, nicer
and in various respects better material
for the webs of commerce than does tho
cotton boll. Even the root of the cotton
plant can now be used for threads and
cloths. The annual conflagration of the
world's cotton area for getting rid of last
years stalks and stumps is now to bo
stopped. American (lax fields are to
yield a harvest. Now an acre produces
10 worth of seed, and in all some Ho,-
000,000 worth is gathered and sold. By
utilizing the llax hay us well as the flax
seed, .$100 per acre can be obtained. The
flax stalks, subjected to three or four's
treatment by the new method, can bo
shaken clear of all unavailable mutter,
and tho white flax of finer and more even
filaments than aro now possible can bo
at once obtained. Within four hours
from the cuttinc of tho stalks a fiber can
be obtained ready for the factory.
We also read that a number of New
York and Boston capitalists have taken
tho matter in hand and purchased a
large mill in Canton, Mass., where busi
ness under the patents already secured
will be started within a few weeks.
Agents have been sent to the west to buy
up before tho annual spring farming
begin all tho flax product obtainable.
This matorial will bn treated at or near
tho place of purchase. The preparation
on flax fiber and the bleaching of textiles,
as well as various experimental lines of
manufacture, will bo comprised in the
This roads with such clear specification
of its details that we can hopo for some
results to come from tho new invention
of great bonefit to the farming popula
tion who now waste much that can be
utilized. If it is true that corn stalks
possess value that can bo cheaply
realized, and that flax straw can be
worked to as great a profit as the seed
yields and that other now waste sub
stances can bo made to swell tho income
from farming, then a new era bus
opened for tho fanner with moro hopo of
realizing a profit from his labors. This
invention enables tho preparing of sub
stances that do not afford fiber to be
spun and woven into pulp for the
manufacture of paper so its uses aro not
limited to tho preparation of fiber.
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
Wo took, from a Mussnchsotts papor,
tho other day, a statemont that a lcttor
from a Wyoming lady who formoly hud
boon in favor of general sufl'rago had
written homo a letter that was read in
tho legislature of that Stao, showing
that tho result of practical experience had
changed her views on that subject. Wo
used tho item pretty inuoh ns wo found
it, hoping it would call out views of
reader of tho Fakmer. It proved quite
a success in that way as soveral com
munications published this week will
attest. Wo aro glad to enlist interest in
anything, but this is a very important
matter and deservos careful consideration.
To bo candid, wo neither assent entirely
or radically dissent from tho measure.
If wo amend tho State Constitution it
may not bo easily undone and if wo do
not amend it, it can bo done whenover
wo really desire it. Probably tho
amendment will fail this Uino. Wo
bolievo it will not receivo moro than a two
fifths vote, if that many. It is a question
of great interest and wo should liko to
support it. Our columns are freoly open
to its friends. Whenover we boeoino
converted to that therory wo shall
tulrocato it tcalqusly andv perhops wo
uiuy do m iu good timo. Thcro arc
hoveral Territories whero It has leen
adopted. Wo shall soon havo practical
proof of its working in these places and
no doubt some States will soou aiopt it.
Then it is only a question of timo and a
matter of such importance does not need
haste. Wo are radically for womans
mlvnneo and improvement ; with us oho
should possess any right and privilege
that is calculated to advance and improvo
her and go improvo tho world around her.
Now sho is our safeguard and refuge
from tho world's selfishness and mean
lies. Tho question is: Shall we placo
In our nows column wo givo tho fact
of tho failure of tho linn of Grant &
Ward) of which Genoral Grant was a
partner. It was a surpriso to many
pooplo that ho should go into business
in Wall stroot but ho no doubt wished to
ndvanco tho prospects of his son, who
was thought by many to be a shrowd
business man. Tho failuro seems to bo
attended with unpleasant features and
Charles E. Lane writes from Albany
1. What is tho unit of measurement
in tho draft of farm implements? As to
the unit of measurement in draft of farm
machinery wo should suppose it to bo a
horso ppwer, which is power to raise
33,000 pounds ono foot in one piinute.
Webster's unabridged says : "The unit
by which quantities of work "aro meas
urable is tho labor necossary to raiso
one pound through tho height of ono
foot." "A horso powor is equivalent to
tho work dono, by continuous exertion,
at tho rate of 33,000 pounds raised
through ono foot in ono minute."
2. Is there a timo fixed for tho National
Congress to adjourn? No. On tho 4th
of March every odd yoar tho term for
which Congressmen aro elected expires,
New Era, Or., May G, 1884.
Editor Willamette Former :
In looking over your article in regard
to suffrage irrespective to sex, I cannot
but draw a little different conclusions
from what you do. Tho ono lady in
Wyoming of whom you speak appears
to havo received a great deal of consid
eration, whilo the thousands who aro well
pleased with tho conditions there, does
not snran to bo considered at all. If as
she states that it only "increases the
voting forco of tho mon of the family,"
is there anything wrong in the man who
has moro than himself to represent, hav
ing more voting force than tho one who
is alono in the world? To fully illus
trate this, let mo cite two instances
within mv knowledco. ono man has a
wife and two daughters past twenty-one
years of ago, besides several smaller chil
dren ; tho other is alone in the world and
has in a manner abandoned even him
self, his manhood is all gone, drunken
ness and vice sums him up ; yet he has
as much voting force as tho other man
who has three others to voto for besides
himself. Any good reason why the
women should bo denied a representa
tion in tho laws to which they aro held
amenable I have been entirely unable to
I believo the matter here involves the
simple principles of right and wrong,
and I believe there is not much to haz
ard in doing right. To disfranchise for
lack of intelligence and then draw the
line at sex is a compliment you will ex
cuse mo from giving. There would be
nothing obligatory upon women exer
cising their right of franchiso were the
amendment to carry, and women like
Mrs. Coggswoll could stay at home if
they did not want to vote. Though I
am liko you, I do not believe tho amend
ment will bo adopted, as there aro too
many who will voto like they would
havo voted twonty years ago about the
niggers being turned free among us, but I
do firmly bolievo that it will eventually
triumph, as humanity is steadily grow
ing to a hotter understanding of tho true
principles of government, and moro and
moro are tbey beginning to ask is a
thing right, instead of asking, has such a
thing ever occurred before. I am wil
ling to bo placod upon record as seeing
enough in it to work for it, and though
it is dashed down I shall be ever ready
to help pick it up again. Yours,
HEW THIS WEEK.
Wo aro now showing the I
I very latest styles of
Ladies Walking Jackets!
Drop Dele and Plain
These goods must bo seen to be
appreciated. Our TWENTY
different styles of PARASOLS
aro especially attractive.
18i; First Street,
taJThu frroatest care taken
in filling Orders by mail.
STATE INSURANCE COY.
Stock Company-Charter Perpetual.
The Farmer's Compuiy,Iiisures
only Farm Property, Priv
ate Dwellings, School
Houses & Churches.
RATES AS LOW AS IS CONSISTENT WITH RE.
LOSSES HONORABLY ADJUSTED.
L.L. ROWLAND, President.
E. B. JicELROV, Vice President.
H. W. COTTLK, Secretary,
GEO. WILLIAMS, Treasurer.
it is thought by many that ono of the At Uiat time tho newly elected Congress-
partuors has boon guilty of dishonrablo
transactions. The country will regret to
see tho name of Grant mixed up with
charges of fraud. His friends some years
ago raisod him a fund of $250,000 to
mako him independent of circumstances.
Congress has retired him on full pay, so
ho will never sutler want and can live in
good style. With all this means at
command ho should have staid out of
any business that offered a chance for
loss, much moro a chance for dishonor
A OHKAT IHTBrfflOH.
If the statement made in different
nowspapcrs is true, that a Massachusetts
man has recently invented a method for
utilizing tho fiber of plants that now
go to waste, whereby the stalk of tho
cotton plant produces finer lint than tho
holies, and oven tho root of that plant
is utilized by beiug workod up for its
liber, and tho straw of flax is made useful
by means of a cheap and simplo process,
Lthen u gro.it revolution will tako placo
in tho world's industries and much that
Uo farmer grows that is now wasted
entirely can bo made to pay largely and
increase the productions of tho farm as
well as incrcaso tho world's stock of liber
and lint for manufacturing.
Charles Tappan, of Nowburyport, is
tho inventor and his process has been
explained in n lecture given by Trot.
ltitchie, of Harvard. Flax boiled in
purafmosoap in twenty-seven minutes
came out perfectly white and any material
can bo prepared fully in one day. His
process strengthens tho fiber and tea
men s terms commonccs. Congress
meets evory yoar and can hold its ses
sions all the yoar until tlie 4tliof March,
18S5, for instance, when tho time of tho
present Congress expires. Each Con
gress holds for two years. Tho first
Congress convened Wednesday, March
4, 1789. Tho present is therefore the
48th Congress. Congress is required to
meet onco a yoar on the first Monday in
Dccembor, until some other day is
named. When the present Congress as
sembled, as the term of the former Pres
ident of the Senate, Davis of Illinois, had
expired, Sonator Anthony, of Rhode
Island, was elected to fill tho vacancy.
In case of the death of President Arthur
ho will bo President of the United States.
Tho President of tho Scnato is Vice
President in case of tho death of the
President of. the United States. David
Davis, of Illinois, was Yico President so
long as his Presidency of the Senate
Tho Tariff BUI Defeated.
Tho House took decisive action on
Wednesday on tho Morrison Tariff bill.
Tho sumo was defeated by a motion to
striko out tho enacting clause, which
las$ed by a voto 15G to 151. It was a
very exciting timo as tho question of
amending tho tariff is settled pretty well,
that no tanfl legislation shall bo had
this session. The House has devoted
mouths to debato of this question which
is perhaps tho most important measure
before Congress. Tho Morrison bill
proposed a general reduction of duties,
say twenty per cent on nearly the whole
list of dutiable goods.
Agricultural ReportCrop Prospect.
Washington, May 10. Returns to the
Department of Agriculture for May
make tho prospect nearly as favorable as
in April. The general averago was
within five per cent, of the standard of
full condition. May average is 94. It
was 831 in 18S3. Barring changes for
the future, winter wheat product will bo
about :S50,000,000 bushels. Indicated
t3mperaturo for April was lower than
usual, and tho low lying lands saturated
with moisture, retarding growth, was
drained. Whoit soils aro nearly ovory
where bearing vigorous and healthy
growth; few reports of injury by fly
have been received, but the aggregate
loss from insect will bo a trifle. Winter
wneai in jow Jina-land is n ni,.
appreciable quantity; its condition is
ClUitO Unifonnlv llirrhrir TlT':,l,ql .1
Southern States make tho average about
90 to 100; Ohio basin makes a less fa
vorable showing, with littlo difference in
tho States on the north side of the river.
Tho States which have a large pro
duction, make tho following averages,
100 representing, not an average con
dition, but a full stand of healthy plants
of medium growth j New York 37, Penn
sylvania 98, Kentucky 99, Ohio 87,
Michigan 85, Illinois 87, Missouri 94
Kansas 103, California 95. Seeding of
spring wheat is nearly finished in
Minnesota. It has been delayed by
heavy rams and low temperature. In
Dakota it is not yet completed. Returns
of area will be made on the 1st of June
Rye promises fully as well as wheat.
Oeneral average 96. It is several points
higher than wheat in the principal States
west. The general average for barley
is 101. It is 100 in New York, 100 in
Pennsylvania, 98 in Michigan and 103
in California. Meadows and postures
generally are promising, though failing
tocomoup to the standard of health
growth, and the unimparied condition
of snrintr nlowini? is n. liitin .i.,i.,, 1 1...
low temperaturo and oxeesaive moisture
in undrained soils and tenacious soils.
For the ontiro country it is two-thirds
completed. In an average year 72 to 75
per cent, should bo dono on tho 1st of
Travel overland to California has in
creased greatly since staging is reduced
to 150 miles 1 ho stages from Oakland
south go loaded.
Syrup ot Figs.
Mture't own true laxative. Pleasant to the
palate, acceptable to the .tomach, hairalesa in
ill nature, riarolcaj in it. action. Cures bab
audk.ndred.il.. Clean... the ly.tent puri
fie. tho blood regulate, the liver and cl. on
Better Ulan bitter, nauaeou. liver medicine"
Pills, salt and draught.. Smple botUa f
aadlarg, bottle foraie by aUU
Patronize Home Industry by
Buying an Oregon.
FIRST Because it has more laptcity according to
cost than any other.
SECOND. It is easier managed and requires left
skill in optrating than any other.
TIIIKD. It saies labor in handling the Fruit Trays
as n i changei from top ta bottom lo dry cenly
TOURTII It sac time and fuel by dri Ing quicker
and more thoroughly than any other,
FIFTH It is in. ro dunblo as well as more orna
mental than any other.
SIXTH. It Is adapted to the purpose of keeping
green fruit or foi vegetables convenient for winter use
r lor a milk safo or incise rack In summer when not
in use ag 4 dryer.
fj EVCNTH it is adapted to saving the drippings of
syrup ramed in drying .ryjulcj fruit or berries and
thus saving a vJuablo p-oduct and preventing, a. In
SUllO. ltj fallillC nn th ftlrnnr.o .... t Inn o.t.nlr.. .. tn.
Jure or blacken ihc fruit. '
Eieiy one of the above claims I am fully prepared
tO establish IV UCtllll tar in ivMrrufl.ln,. ..III. an.
other machine. Thi. machine Is made In various sizes
aud prices to suit the requirements ef all classes of
customers. Is Cvnstructed mostly of brick and iron
in a durable manner and U fniiv n-ntAH hvir r.
patents granted September 5, 1882. Persons living In
or near ortland can see a lanre machine of this kind
by ca.llngon Srth Luellik-g, the veteran nurseryman
ami fruit grower at Mllwauaie, Oreg.n, who will take
"" " BlJUWlIljf If.
3Llliaif4rl.pa unawat hH
H. S. JORY, Box Ui'.i,
Oregou Kuiluay and Naviga
ltet ween I'ortlanrl and Kan Francisco.
Leaving Alnswoith Wharf at midnight, as follows:
Oregon, buuuay, My,.JI
ow, xnursaay 15
Columbia, Monday 19
Oregon, Friday 2j
oiaie, luesuay a.
WIUU.UM, am uruay., ,,,3JI
Oregon, MTednd'y, June t
FRO 4N rUKCMOO.
10 A. 11.
Columbia. Wednd'r. Msylt
Oregon. Sunday 18
state, Thursday 2$
Columbia, Monday ....28
Oregon. Friday SO
State, Tuesday June 3
c. T1"??1! Ticket. Kid to all point. In the United
States, Canada and Europe,
Transfer steamer connecting with Atlantic Expiea
K!" ?" SV whar' Foifaad, dally, at 1S0 P. M.
IMP m"" pteu "rtTe t Portland, dally at
M1BBIE COLUMBIA. WILLAMETTB
lrAMHUX RIVES BIV1BI0N.
Dalles and Upper
Astoria and Low
General eeet-cr. Viwnt and M.
a H. PU8COTT, Managrr.
A. L. STOKES, Oenl Pass. Agent.
A. L. UAXWlvLL, Ticket Agent-
I Vn lrawirikTc duttb wrWIVfl
SnUlS.adirlttcdOaniplonsof the Continent. o
" for sale until fall. Eggs, J2.60 pr dc; two down,
Hi ; three oessa, a. Cash uiu.t accompany orders.
Address : J. m. GARRISON, Forest Urove, Or.
including an nn.aost
Xtra aiUcbJUtfnu of ol
tilf.i. And n,uMlla ril I n3 v
usual outflt of IS pi ece wltb each.
laniSsT oWt aaYtafct rumaOig.
kin's parts to au for machines no
-- --- -.. TtsAlw fiat.
IE. aaa. ..- . .
nun avsir.tr mi teiltr, ITtaiafa,