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JACKSONVILLE, OREGON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1858.
f ' '
i l .
Jndependtnt on M Subject.! amlehMtnt
to the but Intereit of Southern Oregon.
I'liblishod Kvory Unturdny,
M . TliliMS:
Ono Year, fl'O08lx Mouth-, 8a 00:
Thrto Months, $2 00,
One Souaro or twalm linn. ,,. I.,.. n-.i i.,.
mriton, $3 00 , each subsequent insertion, I
81 00. I
lii'UNiMH Oaiiiu, each square, for one year.1
a f : V'wonUHi. Slfi j three months, S1UU
A liberal discount Madoui persons wishing!
""""'""' mo extent or lour squares.
Job Printing Office.
THE Proprietor, having n Rood vari
ety or Jqil TYPE on baud, l pre
iiarcd to do all kinds or
On tho SHORTEST NOTICE, an! on the
tnoit UL'ASONAIJIJB TEltMS iub ua
Concert Hills, .
yc, iyc, ij-c.
web. mm'm wju&m
to suit customers. Orders solicited,
' EL DORADO
,' BITiTilAHD AND DUINKINCJ
con.vu. or caxirouxu Axnoiuuo.sHTnKr.TS,
JACKSONVILLE, 0. T.
' II. I.
' Billiard Saloon,
( Opposite Ksglo Hole),
i KURUVVILLK, 0. T.
1 January I, 1B5S. I If
DBS. BROOKS & TUOKPSON,
j Physicians and Surgeons.
I.UITICE "Jacksonville Drug Bloro"-
opioita Union Homo.
I ff"A constant supply of Drugs and
Psl rit Medicines always on hand.
, - ' " '
",j. n. lunvov, J '"iTf
Late or Satramento. San J? ranclsco.
'Corner of Montgomery auil Commer-
(Over Danks & Hull, Hankers,
Hun Francisco, Cnl.
(II . J . Lt oatt, Commissioner for Louisiann
R, B. SNELLING,
ATTORN B YB-AT-L A W,
nni-n nn Vnurth street, adielnlne tho
Instloca' Offices, opposlto I'oit OiUce. Yjts
bi. Cnl. 23tf
and Couiuellor at Law,
r ILL ATTEND TO MJHINESH.iii
'V Ilia Third Judicial District of Ore-
!' At IC erbyville, Oregon.
j Jainury 1st, ldd .
j , W. G TVAULT,
j! Attorney anil Counsellor at Law.
Anii Notary I'wblio for Jnohsou Co.,
Will prsctico in tha Supreme and 1)1
.tri'et Courts of tho Territory.
Oflieo adjoining (ho rrinllng Oniee
IJ.eUsonvllle, O.T. Itf
iiIiJi: At his reiiiienr, 'Jksou.
, t , ,Afu, taken by
On the Hie illll,car tho old Parsonage,
JlWKSONVIU.E, b, U '' '
From llio Trinity Journal.
Far from tlio crowded thoroiigtifard,
The city's din and broils,
'MM N'ntnritV rrrnnili'l. wildest scenes.
The honest miner tolls.
On hill, in dale and dark ravlno
Ills ruilo and lonely camp Is teen.
It is no miser's stlflrh thought
That cheers Ibe miner on ;
Tho comforts that ho labors for .,
Are not for him alone.
Content and cheerful, day by d.iy,
Ho telle for lorcd ones far nway,
Through dNnppoliftmrnlir liaily.inot,'
"Itf iloCly bailies still, '" l
And meelg the obstacles that rlso,ft
With an undaunted "III j ,, ,
And manful) ho conquers where
None but n miner's heart Would 'dare.
And cheerfully ho separates
Tho molal from Ilia dross,
And realizes that his ai;i
Is not Another's Ion ;
No brother's purso lias shorter gronn
To dally lengthen out hU.onu.
No claims from him on bounty land,
Or public funds nro found ;
Ills only claim on record Is
To sixty led of ground.
A little rpsco of earth's domain
Produce nil thu miner's gala.
Though tnnll tho fountain Ira from nhtcb
'ilic iirlght stream is itippllnl,
Yet stilt Its goldcd wares of wealth
Arc scattered far and wide ;
In otery land, and every rone,
The miner's inllucuco is know.
The merchant In llfo of care,
Tho trader on tho sea;
Tho Statesman, Patriot, and Sage,
And high and low degree,
All turn their gazo In anxious mood
To where proceeds their earthly good.
And Commerce now Impulse receives,
Joy springs on barren toll,
And cities rlio, and nailed lloat,
From out lbs miner's tell.
All honor to tho miners bold,
The pointers In native gold, i. r. w.
Our Iliotlior H1im!.
( On the death of our Paet-brother, William
nr u. in or, jii.
Tho loved, tho good, the gifted ones
Are pnaiing from our sight, , '
I.lko star that fuda from out tho sky,
JUfMfHili.'T'.Wt 1 I'li' f
They seem to us n season lent,
To us In kindness given,
Tint wo mny know how truly blest
Are those who dtvcll In heaven.
Wo mourn for him. n gifted one,
Our hearts aro tilled with pain.
For tboy'lo his wcra (Irmly bound
II y friendship's golden chain.
Wo lilt but ah, we list In vain I
Ills harp Is hushed forever;
Tho strings that late were tremulous
Can wdken music never.
A goMen harp Is now his own,
An angels skill to play ;
Ills Joyful songs are bursting forth
In one triumphant lay.
Our poetb'roUier nuy wo meet
When llfo with us fa ended I
Ami may our songs. In that blest land,
With bis bo sweetly blended I
car-" You labor much on your compoN
tlous, 'doctor;" said a flippant clergyman to
avenerablo dlvlnoj "I write a sermon In
three' hours, and mako nothing of' it I"
"So your congregation say," quoth tho
jairA parly or young ladlo who wcro
jgolugto Latho in a LuAUtlful core it Qcuo-
va, Nik., discovered a young farmer in a
thicket watchlug them, slyly, The young
AmazocM set upon him, and with hazel bulli
es gave him a terrlblo "lambasting."
pa& minister who had received a num
ber croallt, and could scarcely decide whlcb
was the best, Mkcd tho advice of a faithful
old African servant, replied "Master, go
where there Is the most devil."
mtrX clergyman who had becomo some
what mixed up In land rpeculatlons, recent
ly announced to his cougresallon that his
test would be fouud In St. Paul's Epistle to
tho Corinthians, section four, range three
ptfTho last word, Is Iho most dangerous
of Infernal uacliliicfl! Husbands and wives
should no mcro fight to get It than they
would struggle for the possession or a light
Vb- When Jack Jones discovered that be
bad polished bis. bed-mate's boots Instead of
bhvown, bo called It an aggravated Instance
of '(laboring under a mistake." i
fl-Tho Philadelphia dinette, Pklng(
of a new prima donna, says : "Her voice Is1
soft ns a roll of velvet, and as tender as a
pair of slop-fJiop pantaloons."
SU A St. Paul paper says that criminals
are no rnoroJsafely .caged there than a "can
ary bird Inaten-Bcrololwjtlithobsridown,
'iia It U ft feat iliat some voices, gener
ally very disagreeable, sound an ezqultlto
muilo when thoy say "good bye."
pfr lady says e&o likes to see a record
ofblrtbrf Inn family newspaper It hoa'such
a businesslike air.
f.ir Attraction of gravitation pulls n
drunken man tn tho eTouml. and attraction
of cohesion keeps hlm'frosi getting up again.
CS- A bliud girljscardcd Jicr lovejrJboVj
caiwsouio ong 1,014 wyyiivnoyoungjmin
Milllllti'd " -f
Iiistriiatlous to SncictHry Doti-
vur, Atitine Oovonioi of
December Sa, itlij.
The President, In rcepouso to a call ofdho
ticnate, toidny sent n largo mass or docu-
T incuts oa ivnnsos affairs pmong them tho
Dkiuutmcnt or Statk, Washixotox, )
December 11, 1857. J
Jiinirs V. J)enver, A'sy., Secretary ami
.Icllug Governor oflantas Territory!
Hiu !, Ynn ,hiira, already, ..been Informed
that Mr. Stantoii has been removed from tha
o!)lco of (Secretary of iho Territory of Kan
sas, and. that you liavo been appointed In his
placo. I desire now to statu to you distinct-1
ly Iho rcaton of this change. The Conven
tion which met nt I.ccomptou on tho 1st of
September, had framed a Constitution and
hail authorized its president to inbuilt tho'
question to tho people of Kansas on Iho "21st,
of December, whether this Constitution
should bo adopted with or without slavery ,
The Importance of tho Issuo could not well
hoover estimated. It involved tho com
plete and nutborltatlvo settlement of the
only subject of difference which hail serious
ly jgltntid Kuusai or Interfered wills Its
prosperity. Tho qualified electors, there
fore, to whom this settlement was referred
not only had uuqucsllonablu right to attend,
nt tha polls and give their votes on tho dny
appointed but they were required to do so
. .. .i - .i-i.i li it r....kll .!..,.. I
uy lUQiiigiieii couiiiivrnuoiiBui inunuiiu.jr.
In the exercise of this right, moreover, they I
were entitled to ndequnto protection by tha
Territorial Government, and the noting Uov-j
cmorwas bound to employ all legal means
at his command to give security and fiilr
ncss totho elections. Willi tho conlllctlug
opinions which prevailed In tho Territory
on tho question submitted ho had no right
Thoy had their appropriate Ifiuo nt iho
ballot-boar, and to that peaceful arbitra
ment they mlRht safely lo referred. 'I'ho
great objects to bo accomplished In tho opi
nion of the President were to prescrro tho
pcacu of tha Territory nnd sccuro freedom
In tho election. Kuterlnlnlng theio vlows
ho was surprlsul to Lam thai tha RroroUry
ml..elluir (Jnrcmor bad .on 'tho first of
December Issued his proclamation for n tpo
clalscfilon of tho Territorial Legislature on
the 7th Instant, only a few weeks in advance
of Its regular tlmo or meeting, and only
fourteen day befors. n decision was to bo
mado on tho question submitted by Iho Con
vention. Tho course of Mr. Stanton tho
President seriously believe has thrown n
new element or dltcord among the excited
people of Kansas, nnd It Is directly nt war,
therefore, with the peaceful policy of the
For Ibis reason he has fell It his duly to
From theso views you will readily under
stand what the President regards ns tho
chief duty which devolves upon you ns Mr.
Stanton.' successor. This duly Is to pro-
servo pcaco in Kansas. Every person enti
tled to voto on tho Constitution ought to
liavo safe access to the polls, and to bo frco
from any restraints whntcver In tho exercise
of tho electlvo franchise.
If the civil power Is foundjntufllctent for
this purpose, tho troops of tho United States
should bo employed Jii aid of It, and It may
bo a wlsa precaution to bavo them station
ed, in advance, within reach of thoto places
whero, In your judgment, their services aro
likely to bo required. It is earnestly hoped
that the use or tho military power may be
wholly avoided. Violence is always less
likely to occur whtn tho means are known
to bo n band for Its prompt suppression.
Should tho military forco becomo absolutely
necessary to keep the pence, you will flod
full Instructions with rcforcuce to tho prop
cr inodo of employing it In my communica
tions to Governor Walker, of March 28,
July M, and Sept. 2, 1U7, and in those
subsequently written to Mr. Stauton. Of
theso last, that of Nov, 30 was taken to
Kansas by you and you bad a copy of It-
All of them will doubtless bo found in tho
archives of th.0 Governor at Lccompton.
They refer prominently to tho yrescrvallon
of tho peaoo at certain Important elections,
but I ncal bardy Inform you timt your du
ty Is not Intended to be confined to those
special occasions. It cAlends, of emirao, to
tho prairQtlon of all citizens in the exercise
of their just rights, uud applies to ono legal
election as well ns to another. Tho Territo
rial Legislature doubtless convened on tho
7lli lujUnt, and while it remains n session
U members are entitled to bo sccuro and
free u their deliberations. Its rightful no
tion must also be respected, Should it au
thorize an election by Iho people for any
pdrpoo,'thta election should be held without
interruption, no less than thoso authorized
by the Convention. Wjillo tho peoco of tho
Territory s preserved and freedom of elec
tion is securcu, meru uucu oe uq uuasirous
Tuo puoHwjunnusM vuuinin reports oi an
intended movement by a portion of tho res
idents r'Kaheae, to orgnb?oh're.olution
n'ry 'Govenuaent under the Topckn Consti
tution! irishardlyrobabhs that thUrj
port can bejwcjl foundeij, bit ,shWd. t)io
al'tcniiit bvWJ? aid Ivu'd ly,pr'lcql colli-
"i i I '; j i '
slon with the Territorial authorities, tho au
thority of Iho Government must ncccsnrt)y
be indfatalncd j and from whatever quarter
It Is attempted to Interfero by violence with
tho clccttbn authorised by iho Constitution
al Convention, or which mny ba nuthorized
by tho Legislature, llio riltcmpt must bo re
sisted, and tho security of tho clcotlous
Tho peaceful progress of theso elections
can obviously occasion no Injury to any cit
izen of any party, because their results pan
liavo only ,Uwr duo weight nudsr Use" Con
stitution .Aad laws. It Ji to ibo.axpcctod,
therefore, that no good citizens will icn
dcavor to intorfcrowttli them, but'that nil
tho peoplo will bo contented to tee tho work
of tho Convention peacefully carried out to
It Icgltimnto results, and fairly presented
to tho consideration of Congress.
Tho President relics upon your flrmncs
nnd discretion to giro effect to these Instruc
tions. It Is vllnlly Important that tho peo
ple of Kansas, and nono oilier than tho pro
pie of Kansas, should havo the full deter
mination of tho question now beforo them
for decision. It Is Important also, that tn
securing to them Iho protection to which
thoy aro entitled, great core should bo ta
ken not tg orgunlro any illegal authority,--On
this poiut I again refer you to my In
structions to Governor Walker and Secre
tary Stauton, which you will regard as di
rected lo yoursslf,
It Is proper to add that no action or tho
Territorial Legislature about to meet can
Interfero with Iho elections uf tho 21st of
December, and 'JOth of January, In thomodo
and manner prescribed by tha Constitution
I am, Sir, respectfully your obedient ser
vant, LI'.WIS CASS, Secretary,
Muurutiiry Cim' ICuply to Gov.
Deo. 18th, 1657. )
Sin: On Wednesday lost I received your
communication of tho laili Inst., tendering
your resignation a Governor or Kansas.
This jesjgnntlou Is accompanied with a
long argument on tho alfalrs of llio Territo
ry generally, to which, you nro well aware,
It would bo impossible for this Department
to reply. If every ofllcer of the Govern
ment, who feels himself constrained to re
fuio obedience to tho Instructions of the
President, shall purstio this iimuual course,
and thus place on tho Hies of tho appropri
ate Department a criticism on tho policy of
tha Administration, no person know better
than yourself to what consequences this
might lead. We must cither causo the char
ge and arguments ngalnst the President to
bo died among tho publlo archives of the
country, without contradiction or reply, or
It must spoml tlmo which ought to be devo
ted to Iho publlo service In controversies
with subordinate officers, who may disap
prove or tho President's policy.
While duty, therclorc, forbids mo to en
ter Into a controversial discussion with you
on tho various topic embraced by your ar
gument, It is proper that I should mako a
remark upon n slnglo point, You slate that
tho President has changed his policy in re
gard to Kansas. Aud tvhy.thhi allegation 1
Simply because tho Convention of Kansas
have, in tho exercise of tho rights belonging
to them decided that they would not submit
Iho wholo Constttutloii to tho people, al
though they had submitted tho all-important
and dangerous question of Slavery,
which threatened to convulso the Union,
and was alono prominent In tho minds of
tho people throughout every State.
He had not treated tho submission of this
momentous question as n mcro nullity,
Under these circumstances it was his Imper
ative duty, and this In strict conformity
with previous instructions, to take care that
a fair election bo held on this vital quwtlou,
and thus giro peaeo to tho Union, Had he
acted in any other manner, merely because
ho preferred tho submission of tho Consti
tution originally to tiia people, his responsi
bility would havo been of the grayest char
acter. Ho never Intended or expressed tho
opinion that tho convention wero bound to
submit any pprtlou or the constitution to
the people, exceptitba question or Shivery,
much less that that portion would be Inval
id without such submission. Had ho enter
tained such an opinion, this would have teen
in opposition to tho numerous precedents
which havo occured slnco tho adoption of
tho Federal Constitution by tho different
Tho question of Slavery woo the all ab
sorbing question, and you were sent to Kan
sas with tho full confidence of the President,
to carry out tho principled of tho Kansas
Nebraska act. With the question or wheth
er Kansas was to bo n free or n slave State,
you wero not to Interfere, You were toec
enro to tbo peoplo of Kansas a free nnd fair
election, to decide tbo questions for them
selves. The President was therefore happy
to learn, from your dispatcher to this de
partment, of JUly 15th last, tbat!.allyour
speeches you hod refrained from expressing
uiiy 'opinion as to whether It should bo a
Blavcor'afreoSlole. '"' ' ' '
t.Hl-i.. ,...I...A,.l,.t..P..u... ..'...1 rll..l..tn,,M
ft"'1 -.. Ti'
resignation or tho office ofTGovcrnnr ot
Kansas ho been accepted.
I am, slr,,yodr ob'dt, terv't,
Rout. J. Walkkr, 'Washington.
A LKtru'itm sitou a LaiiV. A scathing
coniniiirilcntlcVpilrprtrtlng to bo from a lu
dy, appears In tho Wapr Jteporter of Jan.
10th, which literally hauls the lords of cr&
ntlon over the cooU of a woman's Indigna
tion. Wo mako this extract t
"There is another class of men, not n
thousand miles from tho room Irt which I
write, moro to tie dctosled nnd Inftfffttdjd
worse than all others who put up any liitmi
to. respectability. I nm nt my wlls end to
know what disposition should ho mado of
them, or what punishment their low, hap
conduct merits at iho hands of a virtuous'
public. I allude tn thoso who have Intelli
gent, virtuous, agreeable wives good, nice,
tidy housekeepers, Interesting ami beautiful
lltllo children, a pleasant home, soiirronnd
ed with nlljho facilities for conjugal and
domestic bliss and yet they arc sneaking
nnd skulking about a suspicious quarter of
tho town half tho evenings of the week,
whllo their decent, respectable, innocent
wjves nro nt como with the children, wait
Ing waiting waiting for their return, un
der tha npprchenslon they aro out on butl
nett? And, then, thcro nro those of the
same class, who can Invent n hundred excu
ic a week to visit certain neighbor.' houses;
almost always, too, at an unseasonable hour,
when the neighbor Is nwrty seem to bo per
ftclly nt home when 'thcro havo fruo ao
cess to any r?om, their own wlvc nl heme
as usual, and In most case's (apparently) as
blind a moles. And yet theso men profess
respectability, nnd pin themselves to their
wife' sleeves In order to forco n recognition
of them as such."
Socxn DoernixB. Tho following argti-"
incuts in favor of advance payment for news
papers wero advanced by a member of the
Iho Ohio Editorial Convention, at ltnTtccnt
Wlifit wmiM vnu tliluk nf a. furninr wba
had raised a thousand bushels or wheat, uud
...1.,. t.-.tt1.1 t1t tl t il,',l..n.1 .1lfl.iBAl I
.-,, .. .u lmuuuu,(l, told, Wllhput C.V,
pcsau scattered nil over, iho State, and hi tho world. It
ngrcu to wolt year for his pay from each
ill stsiitv rns lilt nsw rtw aaii l
of them, and If ono half or them did not pay
at the cud or tho year, ho should give them
another bushel or wheat, and. agree to wait
another yeeiir for his pay, and thus go on
auolherycart How long would such a farmer
I etcapo bankruptcy ? Probably not very
, much longer than publisher of newspaper
who followed such a practice lit costs the
I editor of a weekly paper as much to supply
a thousand subscriber with It for ono year
as It cost a format to raise a thousand
bushel of wheat. The farmer sells his grain
In bulk, aud either take tho cash or a nolo
Justus good as cash, upon delivery. Tho
editor cannot-sell bin thousand papers In a
bulk. They are sold to n thousand different
.persons, living ,In different towns In .the
county, aud different counties in tho State,
and he must wait till tbo end of the year,
Itcfuro he can get hit payment, nnd then ho
depends wholly upon the honesty and re-
jtponslblllly ontho subscriber, fiwjjit Islr-j
'posslblo that ho should know the character
aTmII lit. .iili-rlliiv Tl tvntilil nnf nnv film
!"" --..... -r-v
to go round or send round tbo county or !
State to collect hi dues. Jt would cost
moro than the collections would como to.
Olk MoTiinn. Thank Heaven for a pious
mother. Sho has been our safeguard In tri
al, our comfort In nnilctton, and our guide
In prosperity. No earthly Influence has con
tributed to much to mould our moral char
ter a thoso go.itlo words from a jnothcr's i
i lips, which entered into tbo stature of our
caul, and will no doubt live with it forever.
No earthly name has a sweeter, dearer
; sound, than tho name of mother. .Deprive
I us of all other friends, tako from us all oth
er comfort of llfo itself, and tha trial would
not bo half so great as the loss of our pious
mother. Her cxamplo and Influence aro
moro valuable than a world of wealth, and
that iho may live long to advise and coun
sel us, Is our most earnest proyer. And
how wo pity those Uttloboy and girls, thoso
young ladles and gentlemen, whoso heart
must echo that sad sentence ''My mother
Is dead I" How wo pity those homeles
wanderers In a cold and heartless world,
who havo no fund mother's volco to soothe
and sustain tbcm In tho gloomy night of
jar A Western editor has latoly offered
bis hat as a prize for the best essay on Inde
pendence. The following obtained the
"National Independence Is easier Imagin.
ed than desorlbedj pergonal independence
consists emphatically In being situated in n
clean shirt, drawer, socks aud a nicely
blocked pair or boots, and at least a dollar'
and a hair, and a clean cambric in your
pocket, all on Sunday morning, with your
wife on ono arm and your babe on the other.
taking your own course ioward your own
Church to sit upder the ministry of yourawn
preacher, in tho idlssful expectation ordo
Ing yoUr own, snoozing, In your 'own' pcwt
wherein lib one Uaro nudgoyuujfitli'bjscl-'
bow, or tlckleTyour oo with a straw,"
W. II. Doty recently delivered a leeturo
on Japan, In Philadelphia, and from a skclck
given In io ledger, wo take the fallowing:.
Tha gavcrnmept of Japnn Is shared Iry ec
clesiastical nnd military tovcrelgn. Tlio.
spiritual sovereign court I hold at Macao,
tbo religions capital of thccoan!ry,nnd con
sists of .0,000 priests, who havo in charge
l.OOO'templcs In that immcnso cltyT "His
council.! composcdur, ZOO grand high priest
of the first rank, who occupy with blm a
po"rtIon or tbo paluco.
"Thc"8Ig6irtl, or Emperor, resIleT-t"Jed-fo,.nnd
Is assisted by,a council of hcrc-tla-ry
princes, who from the legislative body,
who regulate taxation, 'commerce,' publla
works police", criminal jiistlco, military af
fair and religion.
The country is divided Into 8 provinces, 2,1
principalities, C8 departments, and G-2 dis
tricts. 'Tho provinces and principalities are
governed by heredltnfy prlr.ee, niuong
whom a kind of feudal system prcvlls. Tho
department nnd district aro governed by a
chief nnd four vlco governors, who are as-slstcdby-amany
secretnrle, nnd watched
by as many spies. Government Up! jier
vndc every portion of the empire, and nro
attached to every Imperial office, nnd aro al
ways In ithclr presence. The imperial offi
cers are kept In office during good behavior,
and aro promoted aoeordlng to merit, with
out regard 3o dale.
Tho lilghcr class of pcoplovaro generally,
of m light olive complexion, medium stat-
tirevery muwular, small Taaiid and , lectk
black hands itjid-eycs, and havo beautiful
teeth. Their custom of going about wllh
their head uncovered, nnd exposed, lo the
ray of the suri, make their complexion ap
pear much darker than Is natural to their
Thcro arc several distinct classes or grad"
of society. Hereditary prince and bigb mil
itary oDlcer stand highest In the ordwr of
nobility. Government and Imperial officers
stand next. Magistrates, splc and. soldiers
Htandjiext lu the order mentioned. The no
bility always wear tholr Inslgula or ooat ol
arms ou their dress.
l a ----- - -- - n -
contlou tlio Jiir-t city l
contains 1,600,000 dwelling)), and' the un'
paralleled number or oOOO.OOO'people,
Some or Its streets are JO Japaiiesoriea In
length, which I equal to 32 English miles.
The commerco or Japan Is Immense, and
their sea coast Js covered with their ships,'
Their vessels nro laden In the southcrnpor
tlon of tbo -empire with rice,-tea, eca-cool,
tobacco, silk, cotton and tropical fruits; nil
of which find a market In tbo North, and
then return freighted wllh corn, wit, oil,
Isinglass and other productions of the North,
which find n market In tho Sou 11
Under our present treaty with. Japan our
trndu with that empire will bo limited, inas
much as all our business transactions with
their merchants havo to be mado through
government agents j but, with a liberal
commercial treaty, our trade will, In 'li-
Lortanee; be next to China, and second Xu
uono other In the world. -
Houanck or MaiiebiA. History any that
a young Englishman KobcrlMacklm fell
lu lore with n Spanish Udy of rank, who
ws being educated In a convent In order to
tako the veil. She was very beautiful, ami
no1, obtaining the Consent of her friend lo
tho union, ho ran away with her and wo
married. Embarking for Franco) from Ca
dis, in order to avoid tho ftiry of her rela
tives, he encountered a gale or wind, aud
waa driven In tbo vessel far off ber coarse,
and after a time caute In sight of Madcria,
whero be lauded with Anu d'Arfut at VI
clilo bay, ten mllos from FurtchsaL Here
tho crew, believing tho wrath or heaven wa
upon them for assisting in. the escape, re
fused to furnish them with j'e,lietM,laB4
they starved or pined to death, dying. In
each other's arms, The sailor erected a
cross over their gravo and sailed (or Spain,
but wero wrecked of I" tin coast, nnd were all
drowned except thrco.who had refuted to
participate iu the cruel proceeJIug relative
to them. Tho fellow told their story, Kind
tho King of rortu gal sent a force nnd took
possession or tbo Island. The two la still
preferred Jo the church wteuvr'lt.&
Machlo by order of .tho King. flP
fc,A child, begglnBieg rwd.beeomc
delighted wllh a newspaper because beheads
tho uames of things fuiufllar, and wil make
progress accordingly. A newspaper ia pno
year Is worth a quarter's schooling to any
pe Sincerity doe no consist of speak
ing ycur mind on all occasions, but In doing
so when silence would be censurable, and.
falsehood Inexcusable , .
Modesty Is a handsome dUh-cover, whlcb;
makes us fancy there muit bo something vary;
good beneath It;
A desire in men's, minds to bo something,
they are not, and have something they have
not, U uiberciit in their nature. .
f -1 n " " j
Mental pleasures never clog ; uullko those
of tho body thoy are Increated'by'repbtM
tlon, approved f Itf reflection, uud strength
ened by enjoyment..
,1 .'" ,