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THE MORNING OREGONIAN, FRIDAY. MARCH 8, 1U01.
GALL ON GONGRESS
Woolgrowers Want Shoddy
DETRIMENT TO THEIR BUSINESS
Pacific Northwest Association Elect
OfHcem Helena Next Mcctlnjr
"Place Basis of Representa
tion Made More Liberal.
PENDLETON, Or., March 7. Today
Tvas the third and last day of the Pacific
Northwest Woolgrowers convention.
Helena, Mont., was selected as the next
place of meeting, the date to be Febru
ary, instead of March, as heretofore. T.
C. Powers, ex-United States Senator from
Montana, was elected president. Both
Helena and Mr. Powers received unani
mous votes. J. W. Bailey was re-elected
secretary. Mr. Bailey was also chosen
treasurer, and for the two offices a salary
of $500 a year wis voted. The basis of
representation was changed from one del
egate for each 50,000 sheep in a county to
one for each 5000. This change was made
in accordance with the recommendation
of the committee on revision of the con
stitution and by-laws, who were Secretary
Bailey, of Portland; J. N. Williamson, of
Prlncvllle, Or.; F. M. Malone, of Helena,
Mont.; Robert Aiken, of Caldwell, Idaho,
and S. B. Caldhead, of Walla Walla.
J. N. Williamson read the report of
the committee on resolutions, which was
adopted unanimously. It was in the
main a strong paper on the subject of the
damage inflicted upon woolgrowers by
manufacturers who sell shoddy goods as
woolens, and the substitution of cotton
for wool. The convention goes on rec
ord demanding Congressional action
compelling manufacturers to stamp plain
ly all goods made partly of shoddy or
cotton, with a -view to prevent what
sheepmen assert is ruinng their business,
and deceiving the public.
T. E. Fell, manager of the Pendleton
woolen mills, explained to the delegates
the m inner of the alleged deception. He
displayed samples of Eastern Oregon,
Australia and other wools alongside of
samples" of Peruvian cotton. He asked
texpert judges to select Peruvian cotton
tfrom local wool samples. In several in
ptances cotton was taken for' wool. Mr.
Fell asserted that this brand of cotton
Js the iqost dangerous competitor of the
woolgrower, and that during 1900 more
ehoddy than ever before was used in
mills which are presumed to run on pure
The question of range preservation
was discussed by Dr. James Withycombe,
Of the. Oregon Agricultural College. He
made a plea for more hearty recognition
of the labors of the Government and ex
periment station experts, takfng the
ground that the preservation of grasses
"was the most Important issue with own
ers of sheep and cattle.
J. N. Williamson spoke on forest pres
ervation. He asserted that the pastur
ing of sheep on timber lands does not
Injure the trees. He was in favor of
maintaining the present system of re
serves, with permission to graze sheep
thereon. His position was supported by
the convention, which adopted a resolu
tion to that effect as well as one com
plimenting Secretary Wilson, of the De
partment of Agricuture, for his Interest
in obtaining and dispensing Information
and his experiments with new kinds of
grasses. The Department of Animal In
dustry, maintained by the Secretary, and
represented by Dr. George Hlckok, with
nine Federal Inspectors, was indorsed in
Richard Scott, of Milwaukle, Or., read
a paper on "Raising Early Lambs for
Market." Mr. Scott held that more money
might be realized from this source than
from any other manner of producing mut
ton. He said in part:
"In Western Oregon to raise early
lambs for the market, we breed the ewes
m January or February, and feed them
well, or put them on good grass, before
putting the rams with the ewes. This
Insures more lambs and stronger ones. I
do not feed much grain to ewes before
lambing or for a few days afterwards.
Later, I give a liberal grain ration. The
cpmmon range ewe of Eastern Oregon
bred to a Dorset, Shropshire, Lincoln, Ox
Xord or Cotswold ram, and only one lamb
produoed, the lamb should gain five
pounds per week from birth, provided the
ewe has plenty of green feed. At two
months old. the lamb should be fit for
market, and, at present prices, should
,"bring $3 50 In Portland. The same sized
lamb in New York would realize $5 to $6.
"There is more money to be made from
these than any other class of lambs. In
arly mutton, if fat, there is always
plenty of lean meat, for the reason that,
in a growing sheep, if fed well, the mus
cle Is rapidly developed. The presence
of plenty of lean meat In mutton sheep
is essential. The trouble with most sheep
sent to market is that there is not suffi
cient lean meat, and, when ready for the
one meal for a huncrv man. I
"It is early mutton lambs that are -win
nlng the market, and teaching the Amer
ican people what Is good mutton. Always
bear In mind that It costs three-fourths
less to raise a lamb to weigh 40 pounds
at 10 weeks old than it does to raise a
40-pound lamb at six months' old. It Is
the early maturing sheep that pays the
breeder. I favor the Dorset as the best
early-lamb producer, although I am not
prejudiced against the other mutton
ireeds, for the redson that they are all
The suggestion of Douglas' Bents, of
Pendleton, that the association send a
lobby to Washington was strongly fav
ored. It is proposed that these represen
tatives pay especial attention to legisla
tion which would prohibit the use of
shoddy, and at the same time look out
for the general Interests of sheepmen.
The closing feature of the convention
was a lecture, with stereoptlcon views,
fin ""Wools and Their Structure." by Pro
fessor E. F. Pernot, of the Oregon Agri
cultural College, jhe gist of Professor
Pernot's lecture was that certain breeds
or cross-breeds produce wool of such fine
fibre as to make them unfit for manu
facturing good cloths, while other wools.
raided from breeds no more expensive
and costing no mpre to keep, are of su
perior manufacturing value. He said in
"The difficulty met by the grower is to
find some unfailing means whereby the
character of the wool they are raising
may be determined. This is easy of ac
complishment. Bj' sending samples of
the wool to a competent mlcroscoplst in
any institution of learning, who has rea
sonable knowledge of wool structures, a
return may be made which will enable
the sheepmen to determine whether or
not he Is raising the class of wool best
suited to the uses of the manufacturer.
"Frequently a woolgrower, after thor
ough Investigation, selects a certain breed
of sheep for propagation, and sets hjm
Belf up in business, with the idea that
he has exercised the best judgment, and
has Insured the producing of the best
results attainable under the circum
stances. He goes on, throughout the
years, continuing to raise that same breed
of sheep, ignorant of the fact that he is
selling every year -a clip of wool inferior
in quality to what he could have to sell,
were he to cross the breed of his flocks
with some other sheep strain, at no great
er cost, but wltlT immeasurably better re
turns on his investment.
"It is frequently the case, that a given
breed of sheep will produce in one county
a superior article of wool, whereas, in the
county adjoining, in whloh soil, precipi
tation of moisture and climatic conditions
are apparently the same, a wool fiber of
less value to the manufacturer will be
produced by the same breed of sheep. On
ly oy the. microscopic examination of the
wool can these things be determined. It
Is possible. In the light of the experimen
tation which has been cirried on In this
direction, to roach absolute demonstra
tion, and leave no room for doubt. I
believe that. In future years, the exam
ination of wools under the microscope
will be as much a necessity to the wool
grower as n knowledge of the market
conditions and acquaintance with the
habits and needs of sheep, as regards
their healthy growth and propagation.
L.VWYCHS NOT VV ON THE LAW.
Few Seem to Have Noticed Reduc
tion in Supreme Court Fees.
SALEM, Or.. March 7,-Clcrk J. J. Mur
phy, of the Supremo Court, finds that few
attorneys having business in his court
have noticed the reduction made by the
Legislature In the amount of fees to be
paid upon filing of papers In his office, It
has boin the law that the appellant shall
pay n filing fee of 125, and the respondent
a fee of JTO, but by the provisions of Houee
bill 2S, Introduced by Harris, of Lane
County, these fees were reduced to 515 and
?I0. Attorneys are still wending in money
to pay fees under the old law, and Judge
Murphy finds it necessary to return the
excess. The Judge would esteem it a
favor if tho attorneys would be careful
In this matter, for he says it grieves him
very much to be compelled to return
money to anybody. The fees, howver,
go into the State Treasury, the same as
under the law passed In 1SS9. The new
law amends section 2 of the act of Feb
ruary IS. 1839, and reads as follows:
"The appellant In a civil case, upon fil
ing his transcript in the Supreme Court,
shall pay to the clerk thereof. In advance,
the sum of tfo, which shall be In lieu ot
all fees heretofore required by law to be
paid by him, except as trial fee; and the
respondent in such case, upon entering his
appearance in the Appellate Court, or
filing his first brief therein, ehall pay to
such clerk, in advance, the sum of $10 in
lieu of all fees heretofore required by law,
and the party entitled to costs and dis
bursements on such appeal shall recover
of and from his opponent the amount so
paid. For making and certifying to a
copy of any opinion, pleading, Judgment,
decree, paper of record of his office for
private parties, and not in the course of
the regular court proceedings, the clerk
shall charge and collect the sum of 15
cents for each folio thereof, and all such
ums so charged and collected, together
with all other fees, sums and moneys re
ceived or collected by said clerk, by vir
tue of his office, shall be paid over to the
State Treasurer as hereinafter required."
Bound Over for Stealing: a Horne.
F. C. Wright, who is said to have stolen
a horse from H. F. Jory. 10 days ago, was
given a preliminary hearing in Recorder
Judah's Court this afternoon, and was
held to the Circuit Court under 51000 bonds,
In default of which he went to jail. The
prosecution made out a perfect ca'se
against him, and he offered no testimony
In his defense.
WILL PROMOTE EFFICIENCY.
Three Additional Infractor Pro
vided for State University.
EUGENE, Or., March 7. There is gon
cral satisfaction here over the action of
the Board of Regents of the University
of Oregon whereby it increased the num
ber of instructors In the institution. Dur
ing the past years, the enrollment of the
university has Increased 87 'per cent
while only three Instructors have been ad
ded. Some of the professors have been
compelled to Instruct such large classes
and so many of 'them that it has been Im
possible to give the individual instruction
that students ought to have. Hereafter,
this will not be the case, and the ef
ficiency of tho University be greatly pro
moted. Library "Will Be Increased.
By orders of the Board of Regents, the
Interest on the Vlllard fund, which
amounts to 52200 annually, will be appro
priated for library purposes. This will
greatly enhances the facilities of the li
brary, which have been somewhat crip
pled during recent years, owing to lack
Off far Scene of Debate.
The University of Oregon's orator In the
intercollegate contest tomorrow. Miss
Susie Bannard, accompanied by a good
sized delegation of students, left for Cor
Maurice J. Hidden, of Vancouver.
VANCOUVER. Wash., March 7. Mau
rice J. Hidden, son of Mr. and Mrs, Jack
son Hidden, of this place, died here yes
terday, aged 28 years, after an illness of
eight months. Death was due to pulmon
ary consumption. Deceased was one of
the best-known young men of this place.
He was the first secretary of the Van
couver Amateur Athletic Club, which
owes Its existence largely to his energy
and influence. He was born at Crafts
bury, Vt., February 8, 1S73. His earlier
education was received at Linden, Vt.,
Academy. Twelve years ago, with his
parents, he came to this place. He grad
uated from the Vancouver High School In
1S9L Two years ago he formed a partner
ship with his father in the mercantile
business, which continued until his death.
The funeral took place today from the
Methodist Episcopal Church, the Rev. E.
H. Todd officiating. The spacious church
was totally Inadequate for the accommo
dation of all who desired to pay tribute
to the deceased. ' The pupils of Van
couver High School attended In a body.
There were many beautiful floral tributes.
Resolutions of regret anC sympathy were
adopted by the High School pupils, and a
copy was given to the bereaved parents.
Constnntine Hunt, of The Dalles.
THE DALLES, March 7. Constantlne
Hunt, for many years a well-known citi
zen of this place, died last night at his
home here, after a long Illness, aged -59
years. Mr. Hunt was a native of St.
Joseph. Mich., from which place he
enlisted in the Union Army at the out
break of the Rebellion, serving with
his regiment In Sherman's famous march
to the sea. He was a prominent member
of James Nesmlth Post G. A. R,, of this
city, under whose auspices he will be
buried tomorrow. One son, Cortland P.
Hunt, of Spokane, Wash., survives him.
CURE FOR ROUP.
Chicken Fancier Furnishes Valu
WASHINGTON. March Z-The close of
In The Oreconlan of March 1 I notice
an article from your Monroe, Or., cor
respondent pertaining to a "peculiar dis
ease among chickens." If, ns I notice
often, your paper is the means of en
lightening people on different subjects,
this may help those chickens. "Roup"
Is the name applied to that disease, the
remedy in advanced stages being the ax.
When first it appears, separate sick fowls
and treat them thus: Ten drops of car
bolic acid to tablespoonful of kerosene
oil or In that proportion. Put this in
sewing-machine oil can or small syringe
and Inject a few drops Into each nostril
once a day. Keep the fowls In a dry and
moderately warm placed urlng treatment.
When roup gets hold of a flock this tonic
will help prevent its spread. Equal parts
of tlnoture of Iron, paregoric, extract of
ginger and extract of gentian mixed to
gether. Dose, ten drops In teaspoon ful
water once a day. If the tonic Is given
to whole fiock mix with some kind of
soft feed. Yours truly.
FOUR OFFICERS NAMED
FISn COMMISSIONER. APPOINTS
THREE NEW BAILIFFS.
Also Superintendent of the Urapqua
River Hatchery Warden Van
SALEM. March 7. The State Board of
Fish Commissioners held a meeting at
the Capitol today, for" the purpose of
perfecting the arrangements for execut
ing the law under Its new provisions.
Master Warden H. G. Van Dusen was
present, filed his bond, and acted as
secretary of the board. It was ordered
that hereafter the Commissioners shall
hold regular meetings on the first Tues
day after the first Monday of each
The board appointed Fred Wlckham, of
Astoria. H. S. Moody, of Oregon City, and
M. S. McCown, of Clackamas, as water
bailiffs. Their duties are to enforce the
fishery law in their respective localities,
under the supervision of the master
warden. Their compensation is fixed by
law at 53 per day for actual time em
ployed, with an allowance of not to ex
ceed 52 per day for traveling expenses.
A. J. Talbot, of Clackamas County, and
employed to take charge of the state
hatchery on the Umpqua.
Mr. Van Dusen said today that he
has not yet decided whether he will keep
an office In Portland. His headquarters
will be In Astoria for the present and
he lwlll open an office in Portland later
If he shall find it expedient.
The board has not yet heard from
Louis Bean, who was elected deputy
warden, and It Is not known here whether
he will accept the position.
MINE TRANSPORTATION HINDERED
Eastern Oregon Roads In Bad Condi
tion From Tlmwinjr Weather.
BAKER1 CITY, Or., March 7. Thawing
weather is playing havoc with the moun
tain roads of the Eastern Oregon mining
region. In the higher altitudes the enow
has melted, so that it makes a poor road
for any vehicle. A few weeks ago It af
forded excellent sleighing. In the lower
altitudes the snow has disappeared, leav
ing the roads in the bottomless condition
usual in the early Spring. Hauling is
largely .suspended. For several days no
concentrates or ore have been brought
out. Shipments of both have been unusu
ally light all Winter, and now that the
roads are so bad, scarcely any movement
is noticeable. Efforts to rush machinery
in on the snow were attended by partial
success, as the snow commenced melt
ing much earlier than usual. Owing o
the open Winter, operations have been
much handicapped. It has been usual m
Eastern Oregon tc- depend largely on the
transportation facilities afforded by the
snow for Winter hauling. The difficulty
now encountered emphasizes tho necessity
of more work on the road3. As the mines
are usually located In sparsely settled dis
tricts, cost of road construction largely
falls upon the owners. Much Improve
ment has been made In Eastern Oregon
within the past two years, and It is the
policy of both the county" officials and
the mlneowners to construct roads wher
ever it Is possible. As more properties
are located and opened In the various
districts, community of interest leads to
Joint action, and the burden of road con
struction Is thus lightened.
Compressor for Golcondn.
A three-drill compressor has Just gone
from Baker City to Sumpter for the Gol
conda mine. This Is tho first Important
addition made to the equipment of that
property since It changed hands recently,
and doubtless Indicates the early com
mencement of the development work
specified In the conditional sale. Will
iam H. Thatcher, superintendent of the
Bonanza mine, has been appointed acting
superintendent of the Golconda, and will
have supervision of the development of
the property. The strength of the new
management received Its first tost when
Superintendent Thatcher sent Foreman
Rowe to the Golconda. Some of the men
employed there went on a strike be
cause of antipathy to the foreman. Their
places were Immediately filled, and work
progresses as before.
Two New Mining Corporations.
The Constellation Gold Mines Company
filed articles of Incorporation here this
week. The capital stock Is fixed at $1,000,
000; value of shares. 51. The Incorporators
are Eugene Bartholf, William M. Rumery
and John F. Cupid. Sumpter will be the
principal office of the company.
The properties of the concern are located
In the Cove district, on the John Day side
of the divide. For the past few months
Mr. Bartholf has been actively engageo
developing properties In that district.
The Cable Cove Mining Company be
came a corporation this week. Articles
of Incorporation were filed with the Coun
ty Clerk of Baker County. The lncorao
rators are W. H. H. Hamilton. A. P. and
J. D. Goss. Capital stock, 51.000,000, divid
ed Into shares of 51 each. Sumpter will
be the principal office. The company hag
been organized to handle the Ideal, Se
curity and Bullion properties, located In
Cable Cove, which the Incorporators re
Chnnpre In Mnnnjrement.
W. C. Kltto has succeeded to the man
agement of the BalslejvElkhorn mining
properties. George Whlttaker, the retir
ing manager, however, retains his Inter
ost in the mines. The Balsley-Elkhorn
mill was temporarily stopped because of
a defective boiler, but as another boiler
has been sent to the mine. It Is expected
that full operations will shortly be re
sumed. FINDS PORTLAND A GOOD MARKET.
Salem Gardener Making Large
Shipments of Vegetables.
SALEM. Or., March 7. Salem gardeners
aro finding a profitable market for their
early produce In Portland. Every day
the Wells-Fargo Express Company sends
from Its Salem office high piles ot boxes
of early vegetables, which go to consum
ers In the metropolis. For many years
Salem gardeners spld all their produce to
dealers, but In the last few years the
more enterprising mave sought for an ox
tended market. Year after year the
amount of produce that may be sold in
Portland Increases, and Salem thus adds
to its industrial prosperity.
The question of markets is the all-important
problem to Willamette Valley
producers, and every additional outlet
for garden vegetables, eggs, butter, fruit,
etc., eases the local market and helps to
sustain prices, There 10 a general dis
position to encourage those who endeavor
to find new markets for produce, for noth
ing else goes so far toward building up
local industries and bringing outside
money to the community.
Accepts Call to Unitarian Church.
W. G. Eliot, of Detroit. Mich., has ac
cepted the pastorate of the Unitarian
Church In this city. He is a eon of Rev.
T. L. Eliot, of Portland.
"WONDERFUL CAVE DISCOVERED.
Abounds in Curiosities and Contains
Remains of Prehistoric Races.
TACOMA, March 7. The town of Che
halls Is excited over the reported dis
covery of an immense cave by H. F. For
est, of Chicago, In the Eastern part of
Lewis County. Exploration was made a
distance of five miles, revealing strange
and wonderful sights. After entering a
lower passago beneath the main cavern.
the explorer came to a subterranean lake.
Upon the pebbled beach wore found boats
of ancient and strange make, some petri
fied, others partially so. In one of the
small rooms of the first cavern were
found the remains of two human beings,
both giants in size, the man 7 feet 10
inches tall, the woman a few inches jep3.
Both bodies were reported either frozen
stiff or mummified. Hammers and drills
of brass were found. The elaborate
work must have taken many years and
was apparently done ages ago by a pre
SEARLES' FAILURE OF NO EFFECT.
His Mines la Eastern Oregon Will
Continue to Be Operated.
BAKER CITY, Or., March 7. It was
learned here that John E. Searles' fail
ure would have a bad effect on his big
mining properties located at Cornucopia.
Robert N. Jones, attorney-in-fact and
general agent for Mr. Searles' Western
mining interests, who recently established
offices here, states that the Cornucopia
mines of Oregon company will go on as
before. Work will continue, the men will
be paid, and so far as the properties are
concerned, the receivership will not be
felt. This Is only another evidence that
the big properties are more than self
sustaining. If they were being operated
at a loss, appointment of a receiver for
Mr. Searles would be followed by their
News of the business failure explains
much that appeared enigmatical before in
relation to the mines. It was generally
believed that the properties were paying
good dividends, yet evidence existed that
they were likely to be sold. Captain C.
H. Thompson holds an option on the
mines, and has interested Eastern and
Canadian capital, In whose behalf exports
have been visiting the properties to make
examinations. It Is now understood that
Mr. Searles needed ready money and
was hopeful of realising on hla mining
assets to tide over emergencies. The
mines were good and paying well, but a
larger sum than was yielded by working
them was needed. The receivership will
probably have no material bearing on
the negotiations for sale. If the capital
ists now Investigating them ore satisfied
with the price asked, arrangements can
be made for the transfer.
It was only during the latter part of
February that the big electric power
plant .installed by the company was
started up and the 20-etamp mill began
work on full time. Extensive develop
ment work was begun by Captain A. Case,
superintendent. Work on the deep cross
cut to tap the Last Chance vein In the
heart of Granite Mountain was begun
with the Installation of the electric plant.
Work was also started to connect the
Red Jacket with the lower levels of the
Union-Companion, that ore might be tak
en from the former to the mill without
hauling on the surface. All these prepa
rations for extensive work Indicated that
the management did not expect any
change of ownership soon.
P. J. Clrkle, general superintendent of
the mines, reached Baker City a few
days ago and went immediately to Cornu
copia. He did not come here to visit the
properties, however, as his trip West was
In connection with the Yellow Jacket, of
Idaho, which Is one of Searles' proper
ties, and has been closed down. A sale
of that property Is also pending.
GOOD STRIKE IN MAMMOTH.
Hanging: Wall Broken Through and
Found to Be Vein.
BAKER CITY, Or., March 7. A good
strike has been made in the Mammoth
mine, located In the Virtue district, about
half way between the old Virtue and
the White Swan mines. A shaft was
sunk ICO feet on a small vein averaging
about two feet In width. At the 100-foot
lovel a drift was run 60 feet, keeping next
to what appeared to be the hanging wall
of the vein sunk on. By accident this
hanging wall was broken through and
discovered to be another vein .of ore,
which converged with the smaller vein at
the point of the level. Both extended
parallel, but dipped toward each other.
The outcrop of the new discovery Is not
strong, and the operators were much sur
prised to learn of the existence of such a
body of ore at that depth. Crosscuts
were made at several points to test the
width and continuity of the new ledge,
but so far tho other wall has not been
touched. Values are reported to be good
throughout the entire body of ore, some
samples ranging as high as 550. A large
piece of the ore was brought to the city
yesterday, and Is being exhibited. It will
be one of the specimens to be gathered
for the Pan-American exposition at Buf
falo. Brazos Resumes Work.
Work at the Brazos mine has been "re
sumed. The 10-stamp mill installed there
last Fall Is now operating full time and
crushing much ore. Work was suspended
because of the lack of water for milling
purposes. Sufficient depth has not been
attained yet to draw water from the
ground, and except in the wet or Winter
season fhere Is not enough surface water
to me;t requirements. It Is the purposo
of the management to sink as rapidly as
possible, that water may be taken from
the shaft. The requisite depth will un
doubtedly be reached before surface water
Quotations of Mining: Stocks.
SPOKANE, March ". Th closing quotations
for mining stocks today were:
Bid. Aslc. . Bid. Auk.
Amer. lwy ..10ft umui. won ....21 20
Yx yjitiorn. uiory... UT4 7
1 l?t:Morrlsnn W. m?
Butte & Bos..
Conjecture . .
Deer Trail ...
. 1J, 2
2-tiRamb. Car....2G 2tf
2Ftepubllc 37r4 42Va
Evening Star. 4
Gold Ledge .. 1J
I. X. L 15
Iron Mask ...30
L. P. Surp... 7
Miller Crctk.. 1
2 I Ross. Giant
20 ISulllvnn 0
41 iTom Thumb. ..12U
8 Waterloo 2
SAN FRANCISCO. March 7.-Offlclal closing
quotations for mining stocks:
Alta 50 02Julla $0 01
Aloha Con 2 Justice 2
aK.entucK con 1
10 Mexican 18
20jOcc!dental Con ... 3
1 Ophlr 65
10 Savage ., 10
GiStfg. Belcher 1
1 GOiSlerra Nevada ... 23
Best & Belcher..
Challenge Con ..
Con. Cal. & Va,..
Con, Imperial ...
Crown Point ...
Hale & Norcroes
1 Silver Hill
10 Standard 3 00
C Union Con 10
1 Utah Con 4
13 Yellow Jacket .... 18
NEW TORK. March 7. Mining stocks todar
olosed as follows:
Adams Con $0 231Llttle Chief 50 15
Alice , , -JOIOntarlo 7 75
Breece 1 2510phlr 53
Brunswick Con .. 23Phoenlx 88
Comstock Tunnel.. StPotosi .,.., jo
Con. Cal. & Va... 1 50'Sayage 8
Deadwood Terra,, BfiiSlerra Nevada ... 24
Horn Sliver ..... 1 106mall Hopes C5
Iron Silver ...... OO'Standard , 3 S5
LeadvlUe Con .... t
BOSTOfT, March 7. Closing quotations:
Adventure $ 12 75Humboldt S 25 00
Blng. M. Co.... 21 00 Osceola ........ 00 CO
Amal. Copper. . 100 25 Parrott C2 62
Atlantic 3S SOlQulnoy . ,.v 170 00
Boston & Mont. 357 0O"Santa F Cop... 7 CO
Butte & Boston 03 OOiTamarack 345 00
Cal. & Hccla... 855 OOlUtah Mining ... 35 00
Centennial 25 75lVlnona 0 50
Franklin 22 75j Wolverines 53 00
Rich Gold Discovery.
VICTORIA, B. C. March 7. News is
received by the steamer Cottage City,
which arrived this morning, of a rich
gold discover' in Porcupine Creek.
Gravel has been found yielding ?5 to the
"WEDDING SUIT ATTACHED.
Salem Brldefrroora Seems to Rave
Owed a. Board BUI.
SALEM, 'Or.. March 7. a Salem bride
groom was placed in an embarrassing po
sition yesterday when his wedding eult
was attached by the Constable about two
hours before he was to be married. "W.
A. Robblns, an attorney at Fossil,
"Wheeler County, was the unfortunate
victim. The action was brought in the
Justice Court to recover a small sum duo
on a board bill, and the suit of clothes
was attached while still In the hands, of
the tailor. A redelivery bond was put up
amj tb0 clothing released.
OUTING FOR MILITIAMEN
WILLAMETTE VALLEY COMPANIES
MAY" SEE ACTIVE DUTY.
Instead of an Annual Encampment,
One'Divialon Is to Keep the Other
From Cronsins, Its Lines.
SALEM, March 7. The annual encamp
ment is an event In the life of the Oregon
National Guard that is looked forward to
with pleasant anticipation by both the
officers and enlisted men of that organ
ization. Annually, for several years past,
the State Guard has been mobilized at a
convenient point where a camp was es
tablished and a week or ten days passed
in real military life, the expenses Incident
thereto and the per diem of tho men
being paid from the state military fund.
These encampments have added mater
ially to the interest yin the state guard
and have contributed in a large measure
to the general efficiency of the organiza
The members of the State Military
Board have in contemplation a novel plan
for providing a season of pleasurable rec
reation for the guardsmen of the state.
It is proposed to substitute a week's
encampment by a campaign ofi active
military operations that will cover the
period usually allotted to an encamp
ment. The .campaign will likely be par
ticipated" in by the Willamette Valley
companies only, as it is thought the ex
pense of bringing the Eastern Oregon
companies to Salem will be too great.
Other arrangements .will be made for
providing those companies with an en
campment or other means of military in
struction under similar conditions.
It Is proposed to organize the Portland
military companies and Light Battery A
into one division, which is to proceed up
the "Valley by marching. The Salem com
panies and those stationed at points
south of here will constitute the sec
ond division, being relnforded by tho
Lebanon cavalry troop. They will be
expected, to prevent the first division
from accomplishing a passage beyond
their linos. All manner of military tac
tics and maneuvers will be employed by
the opposing divisions and a sham war
faro carried on during the time that may
bo determined upon. Such an outing
would prove intensely exciting for the
members of the guard. ad would be of
great value to the organization In fam
iliarizing the members with true mili
tary life, tactics and discipline.
The matter of finally deciding on the
encampment and arranging the various
details, awaits the action of the State
Military Board, but It is understood the
plan proposed meets with the approval
of a number of the members of that
Capital City Is Receiving Many
SALEM", Or., March 7. Salem Is under
going many changes In the nature of per
manent modern Improvements, and will
show fully as much progress In the ,10
years closing with 1S01, as In the decade
preceding. Even within the last 12 months
many thousands of dollars have been ex
pended in homes, business blocks and old
buildings. Other Important Improvements
are assured for tho coming year.
In every section of the city, and es
pecially in the central residence section,
houses of no mean pretensions have, re
cently been erected. While none of these
represents an expenditure of extravagant
sums, almost all are structures that have
been built with a view to comfort, con
venience and beauty, with cost as a sec
The business p.art of the city has un
dergone a very marked change. The old
Reed bulldfng, formerly the Opera-H6use,
has been remodeled throughout, and in
stead of the old-fashioned somber struc
ture that went begglrig for tenants. It Is
now one of the business blocks that Salem
citizens point to with pride. The solid
walls, broken only by narrow windows,
have given way to plateglass, and the
steep, dingy stairway that made the
Opera-House a firetrap, has been replaced
by wide, easy steps and an elevator. The
third floor, formerly a part of the audi
torium, has been formed Into one of the
prettiest and most convenient lodgercoms
In the state, and Is occupied by the Ma
jonlc orders. y
The old business block on the east side
of Commercial street and the south side
of Court, Is now undergoing the same
changes which gave the Reed building a
metropolitan appearance. Nearly all the
old buildings on Commercial street have
been removed, the old-fashioned fronts
torn out and replace'd by up-to-date show
windows and display stands. At the pres
ent rate of progress there will scarcely be
an out-of-date, building In the business
part of the city 13 months hence.
Among other changes for the better may
be" noted tho remodelling of the Or
phans' Home building for the Salem Hos
pital, and the erection of the new sani
tarium on "Winter street. A beginning has
been made In beautifying Wlllson ave
nue, Salem's principal park, and the
Southern Pacific Company has Improved
Its depot grounds by constructing wide
granite walks and laying out driveways.
The greatest event In Salem's building
history the past year was the erection
of the new Odd Fellows' Temple; which
comprises one of the best Opera-Houses
in the state and a suite of lodgerooms sur
passed by none. While of plain appear
ance without, the building lacks nothing
in beauty and comfort within.
The coming year seems full of promise
of a continuation of the progressive move
ment. The new Federal building will be
the first large structure to be commenced
and from its location will be the most
noticeable change In the appearance of
the city In many years. From present In
dications the new Y. M. C. A. home will
be In course of construction before mid
summer and will be another material evi
dence of tho generosity of Salem's citi
zens. A new flouring mill Is to be erected
and It Is reasonable to presume that the
building of residences will be as general
this year as last.
On the whole, the outward manifesta
tions of industrial and business conditions
in this city indicate not only financial
prosperity but a deep-seated confidence In
tho resources of the community and the
enterprise of its people.
MURDER IX FIRST DEGREE.
Young Man Who Killed Uncle and
Attempted Life of Other Relatives.
, SEATTLE, Wash., March 7. William A.
Seaton, the young South Park man who
on December 6 killed his uncle, Dan Rich
ards, with an ax, and with the same
weapon attempted the life of his sister
and her two adopted children, was today
found guilty of murder In the first degree
In the Superior Court. The principal de
out less than an hour, and the verdict was
less than an hour, and the verdict 'was
unanimous. Seaton received the verdict
with hardly a sign of emotion, but hla
mother and the sister whom he tried to
murder broke down completely. Beaton's
attorneys will appeal the case to the Su
preme Court of the state.
LITTLE ILLEGAL FISHING.
Closed Season Generally Observed
on Lower Columbia.
ASTORIA, March 7. The closed flshmg
season Is being generally observed on the
Lower Columbia, and very few reports
are made of illegal fishing. Some, of
course. Is being, done, but there is no
open market for the catch, so. there is no
incentive to fish. From what can ba
learned there are quite a number of fish
in the river, but they do not average
large, being about 22 pounds and evi
dently hatchery fish.
State Taxes to Be Remitted.
In the County Court this afternoon an
order was made that as the county had
received credit for 52594 64 for errors in
the 1S92 state tax, the treasurer be di
rected to remit the balance due the state
for the taxes of that -year, amounting to
about 52000. and 5139 78 still owing to
taxes of 1S95.
Had His Lej? Amputated.
Robert Abbott, of Warrenton, had liis
loft leg amputated below the knee at the
hospital here this morning. The leg was
injured several years ago while Abbott
was engaged In a game of football.
Dead Mnn Not a Corpse.
Coroner G. W. Cole, of Umatilla County,
received a telegram Monday from Gibbon
Station Informing him that a man had
been found dead In a cabin a half mile
east of that place. Coroner Cole, Deputy
Sheriff Joe Blakley and Joseph B. Mc
DI1I, superintendent of the county hos
pital, went to Gibbon on the train Mon
day evening, taking a good-sized coffin
with them. Upon arrival at Gibbon they
were directed to the cabin, and carried
the heavy coffin with them through the
mud and water, having to wade In the
river part of the way. Upon arrival the
body was found wrapped In an old quilt.
The Coroner made a careful examina
tion of It, and found It badly decayed,
both ends having been chopped off with
an ax long before. It was a piece of a
log. A halfbreed Indian had gone to the
cabin and had noticed what he supposed
was a man lying In one corner, wrapped
In his blankets The Indian tried to
arouse him, but failed, and, being afraid
to make an Investigation, ran away to
Gibbon and started the false report.
?1400 Pledged Y. M. C. A.
OREGON CITY. March 7. A move is
on foot to place the Young Men's Chris
tian Association on a solid financial basis,
and to furnish the building owned by the
organization In the' most approved style.
The leading manufacturing establishments
have agreed to donate 51400, provided 51200
Is raised from other sources. The sub
scribers to the former fund are the Wil
lamette Pulp & Paper Company, 5400;
Crown Paper Company, 5250; Portland
Flouring Mills, 5250; Portland General
Electric Company, 5250. It Is expected
that the Oregon City Manufacturing Com
pany will subscribe 5250, but the signa
ture has not yet been affixed to the agree
ment. The school election next Monday prom
ises to be a lively contest, as three candi
dates for Director are already In the field
Dr. W. E. Carll, Dr. M. C. Strickland
and E. E. Charman.
Bill to Increase School Tax.
VICTORIA, B. C, March 7. A bill has
been Introduced In the legislature to
amend the school act. By it the school
tax Is Increased from 53 to $5 per annum,
and In cities is to be collected by the
government instead of the cities as has
been the practice. This Is the only busi
ness of Importance before the legislature
today, and there being little business
ready the house adjourned until Mon
day. Tho bankers and commercial com
panies of Dawson have petitioned the
Ottawa government to allow gambling
and dance halls to continue, alleging
that If stopped altogether It will be
ruinous, as much money is Invested in
Arriving: for Oratorical Contest.
CORVALLIS, Or., March 7. Corvallls
betokens the near approach of the ora
torical contest. Of the orators. Miss
Bannard, of tho State University, and Mr.
Wallace, of McMlnnville College, besides
the Agricultural College representatives,
are on the ground. A number of dele
gates are also in town, having arrived yes
terday and today. Tonight a delegation
of students arrived from the State Uni
versity. Most of the delegatlo'ns, how
ever, will not arrive until tomorrow, the
day of the contest. At the college every
thing is astir with preparations for the
Killed in nn Elevator.
SEATTLE, March 7. Thomas Muncas
ter, an apprentice in the employ of the
Vulcan Iron Works, of this city, was
killed this afternoon In the freight ele
vator used In the company's building.
His head was caught between the bot
tom of the machine and the celling of
the ground floort while he was loading
supplies on the elevator from a narrow
gallery about 10 feet from the floor. A
companion, Edward Melsengcr, endeav
ored to stop the elevator, which started
without any warning, but found it impos
sible. Muncaster did not realize his dan
ger until it was too late.
Northwest Postal Orders.
WASHINGTON, March 3. The postoffice
at MIshawaka, Clatsop County, Or., will
be discontinued March 15, mall going to
The name of the postoffice at Boston,
Clallam County, Wash., has been changed
Tho postoffice at Elk, Spokane County,
Wash., has been moved two miles to the
northwest, without change of Postmaster.
Irrigation Ditch Will Be Enlarged.
KLAMATH FALLS, Or., March 7. The
Klamath Falls Irrigating Ditch Company
met yesterday nnd elected the following
officers: J. T. Henley, president; H. E.
Ankeny, vice-president: Alex Martin, Jr.,
secretary. The company decided to double
the capacity of its ditch this Fall. It Is
now 12 feet wide and carries 2500 inches of
China "Wants Washington Flour.
TACOMA, March 7. An agent of a
Chinese firm is now in Eastern Wash
ington closing contracts for 50,000 bar
rels of flour per month for shipment to
China during the year.
MInncsotnn Bnys Oregon Farm.
FOREST GROVE. Or., March 7. The
John Klrts farm of 300 acres, five miles
north of here, was sold by Melkl Johnson
today to Nathaniel I. Burnett, of Minne
sota, for J9500.
Pilot Bock Is reported to bave five cases of
The Eugene High School will have a Spring
A large electric transformer has arrived at
Eugene for the lighting company.
Mrs. Charles F. Colesvorthy, ot Pendleton,
la a candidate for School Director.
Tho Sweet Home School District has pur
chased a large addition for Its library.
Preparations are being mado for the opening
of the new Armory building at Eugene.
A tribe of Daughters of Pocahontas has or
ganized at La Grande. It has about 50 mem
bers. The wagon bridge at Henderson Station,
which went out with the last freshet, Is re
placed and opsned for travel.
The new- Eugene creamery has received a
chum and cooling vat. A large amount of other
machinery Is en route. It Is expected that the
plant will start up about Aprir 1.
The Odd Fellows' lodge of Eugene has ex
perienced considerable trouble at Its cemetery
from vandalism and desecration. A reward of
510 Is offered for arrest and conviction of any
Bcscue Hose Company, of Eugene, elected
the following new officers: J. E. Jennings,
president: Will Hodes, foreman; James Blll
mlre. first assistant foreman: Abe Gilbert, sec
ond assistant foreman; Will Hodes, treasurer;
A. C. Mathews, secretary.
It is reported from Unity, on Upper Burnt
River, that there- was a disastrous fire In that
burg last Sunday night. James Payton's gen
eral merchandise store was totally destroyed.
Including quite a stock of goods. The building
was practically new. two stories high, the
UDDer story belng'used aa a dance ball.
IDAHO HOUSE VOTED FOR LEGIS
Republicans Bitterly Opposed Meas
ure, Holdnp: Thnt It "Was Framed
the Interest of Politics.
BOISE, Idaho, March 7. The House to
day passed the Legislative re-apportlon-ment
bill. It was bitterly opposed by
the Republicans, as they assert it radi
cally discriminates against Republican
Counties and It was necessary for the
majority to change the rules In order
to carry the measure. Under the rules
a two-thirds vote was necessary to make
the change, but they got around this by
brlnglng in a new rule nullifying the
other and adopted this by a mijority
vote. The bill passed 25 t6 20:
The bill creating the County of Clear
water out of the southern portion of
Shoshone County and parts of Nez Perces
and Idaho, was passed by a vote of 23
Received at the Asylum.
SALEM, Or., March 7. John Hoffet.
whose home Is at Walla Walla, was re
ceived at the asylum today on a commit
ment from Morrow County. He is 33
years old, and a laborer by occupation.
PROOFS IN LAND ENTRIES.
Text of Amendment Recently Passed
by the House.
WASHINGTON, March 2. Largely
through the efforts of Representative
Mondell, of Wyoming, the House recently
passed the following amendment to sec
tion 2291 of the revised statutes, relating
to the manner of making proof In land
"That hereafter all affidavits, proofs,
and oaths of any kind whatsoever re
quired to be made by applicants and cn
trymen under the homestead, pre-emption,
timber-culture, desert-land, nnd timber
and stone acts, may. In addition to those
now authorized to take such affidavit:?,
proofs, and oaths, be made before any
United States Commissioner or before the
Judge or Clerk of any court of record
In the land district in which the lands are
situated: Provided, That In case the affi
davits, proofs and oaths hereinbefore
mentioned be taken out of the county In
which the land Is located the applicant
must show by affidavit satisfactory to the
Commissioner of the General Land Office
that it was taken before the nearest or
most accessible officer qualified to take
said affidavits, proofs, and oaths in the
land district In which the lands applied
for are located, but such showing by
affidavit need not be made In making
final proof If the proof be taken In the
town or city where the newspaper Is pub
lished In which the final probf notice Is
printed. The proof, affidavit and oath,
when so made and duly subscribed, shall
have the same force and effect as If made
before the register and receiver, when
transmitted to them with the fees and
commissions allowed and required by law.
That If any witness making such proof or
any applicant making such affidavit or
oath, shall knowingly, willfully, or cor
ruptly swear falsely to any material mat
ter contained In said proofs, affidavits,
or oaths, he shall be deemed guilty ot
perjury, and shall be liable to the same
pains and penalties as If he had sworn
falsely before the Register. That the
fees for entries and for final probfs, when
made before any other officer' than the
Register and Receiver, shall be as fol
lows: "For each affidavit. 25 cents.
"For each deposition of claimant or wit
ness, when not prepared by the officer, 23
"For eaci deposition or claimant or
witness, prepared' by the officer, $1.
"Any officer demanding or receiving a
greater sum for such service shall be
guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon con
viction shalL be punished for each offense
by a fine not exceeding 51,00."
This bill differs somewhat in several
details from the bill as originally drawn.
The first bill was referred to Commis
sioner Hermann for report, and In hl3
comment the Commissioner, among other
"Under existing law preliminary affi
davits in the classes of entries mentioned
can be made before qualified officers oth
er than Registers and Receivers only
when the applicant Is prevented by reason
of distance, bodily Infirmity, or other
good cause, from personal attendance at
the district land office, except that the
sworn statement as well as proof In tim
ber and stone claims can be made before
the Register and Receiver only.
"The bill seems to authorize the mak
ing of affidavits and taking of proofs be
fore any qualified officer within the land
district, without regard to the county
limits. At present where parties do not
appear at the local office they must ap
pear before an officer In the county in
which the land Is located.
"While It is undoubtedly true that a
change would be beneficial to those en
trymen who reside at places remote from
the district land offices, and also from
qualified officers in the counties in which
the lands for which the proofs are to be
made are situated, and who at the same
time reside near properly qualified officers
of adjoining counties, It also seems that
the unrestricted allowance of the taking
of proof anywhere In the land district
might bq susceptible to abuse.
"Parties desiring to perpetuate a fraud
or to prevent a protestant from appear
ing to protest against the proof and to
cross-examine the witnesses might submit
their proof before an officer remote from
the land, causing the protestant unnec
essary hardship and expense. It Is de
sirable that the witnesses reside near
"Every morning I have a
bad taste in my mouth; my
tongue is coated; my head
aches and I often feel dizzy.
I have no appetite for break
fast, and what food I eat dis
tresses me. I have a heavy
feeling in my stomach. I am
getting so weak that sometimes
I tremble, and my nerves are
all unstrung. I am getting
pale and thin. I am as tired
in the morning as at night."
What is the trouble? Im
What is the remedy ?
$1.00 a bottle. AH druggists.
Take one of Ayer's Pills
each night. You cannot be
cured while troubled with con
stipation. Price 25c a box.
"Write the doctor freely all tho particulars in
1JUUI baao aula nuiiitciica utuitiub ACUiJ. Ave
dress, Dr, J. C. Aysb, Loireli, Mas j.
Ay er . s