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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 4, 1919)
' News .
SALEM, OREGON,-SATURDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1919.
COMMERCIAL POSSIBILITIES OE THE ANGORA GOAT
G. GAGE ,t
Editor " Angora and Milk Goat Journal, of Portland, Oregon.
Gouts and ibexes are of the name to understand the real worth of this to American-flocks. :
Men. Closoly resembling each other : little- producer. - - - Game hunters have found the Bocky
L'fln.n nointa thev are vet of distinct! Commercial development of the -possi- mountain goat one of the most elusive
P"vui,o, ' bilities in mohair growing, however, is and most difficult animals to secure. It
types, w ild goats 01 me f-yieuttni. removing this negLect, and the inhabits the higher regions of the back
ountnins between Spain and France 'goat is becoming recognized as one Of bone of the continent and, while be
ere of the ibexes. Th0 largest and hand-
aamest of wild goats are found in Cen
tral Asia. It is from these animals that
the modern goat was derived.
the important and productive farm ani- longing to the goat species, is individual
mals in the Americas. Mexico has for and may be classed as sub-genera. Its
year been utilizing goats for milk sup- woolly fleece is softer than that of the
j ply", but has given no attention to breed- common or short-haired goat, but is
:nliBii.lnn mnlia1! ni. i iiinrAvin rr the r-liH rm'trtriKprt hv Innof Htvnio-li. hmr
uiuuauiuc j-vi -.-f- - j .
be provided where) long Bnow periods
are experienced, and feeding Is essen
tial when snow Covers the ground.
Goats flesh rs generally undistinguish
eblj from mutton of the sheep, and largo
quantities are supplied annually and ab
sorbed in the markets of the United
States without creating any adverse
comment, or evn being recognized as
goat meat, In f a-ct its agreeable tastu
and high food value render it in no way
Bibliography of the cat is confined to J quality, ot the stock. On the other hand There is found under the hair a close inferior to sheep meat. Increasing quan
with less lhan four nundrca ncaa or coat or nne wnite wool, some Deeaers : 'o ' year, xuung
imported stock to build upon, North have suggested a eross of this goat on or wethers prepared Dofore the
America has increased .its Angora flocks the Angora, but it -has been impossible j aS of five years! are excellent. Kid
to several millions. South America has to secure bucks of this species. If there mat is superior to 'lamb in tender and
little but common stock though herds are any n captivity, the writer has no!Juicy quality.- Goatf meat is procurable
are extensive. Canada has been rapidly knowledge of them. I in many portions of the globe whro
liKMuiim Mia nnmW of rfats on the 'T ho .tataj Kof lnnnri. I other meat is not. ,.
farms and in domestic surroundings, it' first kept a household pots, and de
few volumes, but naturalists and other
authorities on the subject apparently
agree that the goat is of earlier origin
than the sheep. ;
Two general designations distinguish
an from the other: cupra (goat) and
via (sheep). He who tries to trace back
tie origin of each species find himsotf nla therefore be expected that the goat
is at last coming to De recognized gen
erally in the Americas as it has been
long valued in the Old World. ,
Angora goat culture in the United
States has been carriod on commercially
ill the western states sinco 1890. Origin
al importations came to this country a
early as 1849. In 1848 the Sultan of Tur
key presented nine pure-bred Angorns
from the best flocks in Asia to Dr. J. B.
Davis, who had been sent as a diplo
leaf, in bewildering attempts at fixation
ai type, and scientists are not lucid on
the line of descent, except that most
agree that the goat of today originated
in the wild type of mountain-climbing
Ijoat whose habitat was between the
Black Sea and the HimalayiB. It seems
jintbable that all goats of today weio
evolved from a common and very re
state ancestral stock. .
The mohair goats of Armenia are con
aidered to have resulted from inter
keeding various types of goats, the
Xardeatan goat being crossed upon the
sailer and finer haired, goat of the
rived gentleness from this method of
domestication. The beauty and silkiness
of their fleece induced the women of the
household to weave fabrics of the hair,
The Angora is a pioneer, irt thescnsc
that it goes ahead of other livo stock
and clears the way for pasture and seed
crops. 'In many new countries settle
ment would have boon impossible with-
A Sample of the Raw Product
and to use it for cushions, pillows andonr me Roar' .
..... 1 T .1. L. ..... I. . ...... Oi.i.. 1
in mu ouuiunuoicni outlet! lurc
f locks of Angoras 'arc maintained.
beds, before it became a staple for com
mercial purposes. , .
- Today tho principal uses for mohair
aro for car-seat plush upholstery, tapes
tries, auto robes, auto tops and dress' -i 017
uuub.. j.ue iiBi- ui uruor purposes ior
which it is available and employed
Texas having nearly as many goats as
sheep on its ranges. Fifteen thousand
in the Arizona- county were sheared in
matic representative from the United. very large and the varnssmm from An
States government to the Ottoman em- g0ra fleece are the most beautiful ob-
pire. These were the first goats import- tamable.
.Xra aiswiewui r.u BDcu. -u. breedi floeka of 8ma,U nUinbcrs were
Ixxly in the animal and more weight . . ,,. .-,,.
narengru i "- 1893 wnen tho industry may be said to
Domestic or milking goats are consid- . ' Ti.
red to baVe originated likewise from
ed to the United States. Subsequent
brought at intervals thereafter up
1893, when the industry may be sai
! have become somewhat established. Lat
the wild goat (capra Aegagrus), al
though the- Hycyclopaedia' Brittanica
may a: " Uonsioerable diversity or opin
or importations have been of small num
bers and there have been scarcely any
Industrially considered, goats are
productive of mohair, milk, meat and
skins. Even . the long straight hair of
the milk goat is utilized commercially.
Their value as browsers and land
cleaners has been proved, although the
Angoras brought to this country recent- 7 'Tu,: 7 T" t B v
... 1... "Li. u: :., laoo goras capable of getting their own liv-
laa haa been exDressed bv naturaUsts as -Y' uo " ... ine without food or sheltei. i
to, the originaf stock .f the mesti, CZAZ i"
aai.f WU1C11 IB Ult3b vvitll.iu uvij ovqajf
quarter of the globe the now prevalent
ft-iiri mnnt. nroliRblR conclusion being that
the various domestic breeds are desend-!pi'e'
ed from wild stock now extinct.," ,
It ,is reasonable to conclude from the
faarvgoing that the various breeds of do
mestic goats have come down to the
jwfseht from the Porsian wild goat.
Breeding has been conducted in the yar-ioiia-
eountries of Europe with a view to
increasing desirable characteristics in
The Department'; of Agriculture has
lsj published several farmer's bulletins on
the subject of Angoras, that- numbered
573 being the most, useful. The branch
of this department having the forest
service in hand is keeping special graz
ing examiners in 'the field studying
flock management, methods of care and
breeding, 'grazing on forest areas, elim
ination of marauding animals, restock
ing of grazed brush lands to maintain
permanent range, and offers the forests
for use of the stockman, under certain
food or shelter in severe 1 regulations, restrictions and with-a mod-
losses have resulted, with! crate fee for orazine. : -
kev made it an offense punishable byi1"0'1. goats were This service also contemplates exten-
- . 1 . . . Ulluroiltfl.hm aroplr nti a hvnal. vanrvn ..: . .a ! i .j, . 1' . ... .
1 . , 'axiu.niuu uj. inw einpiuymeut ox goat meat as
Given the average care accorded
death to take Angoras out of his cm-
Long Mohair fleece grown on an Oregon Angora goat. Staple of length over
20 inches often sells above $20 a pound. '
pense, , -
Higid quarantine regulations by the
United States Bureau of Animal Indus
try are maintatnid to prevent diseased
animals being brought to this country,
The goat has been one of the most im- )but under proper inspection and deten-
aortant domestic animals in Asia and ption, tins oDstacie is not a nopciess aei
arope for centuries, yet we on this ' riment, and it may be practicable in f u
idc of the Atlantic have been reluctant hire to secure iiif usion of new blood in-
havo the forage utilized. " v ; by tho experts of theforest service and
Winter shelter is advised at lower the biu-eair' of animal industry, as well
altitudes than the summer crazinif as hv the leadine flockmastcrs ana
food to supplement the supply of other grounds, some of which are above 5000 hreoilnra of reiristercd stock.
t. .tt. !. ,. on. Oftlifornian.' . . c "u i ainas. it is not .acsired to nave the feet elevation. " - ' 1 . The American Anirora Uoat Breeo-
, ',,,, nhvaleiao. Dr. W. C. Bailey.' :..!?L :. 7 i- . ,.en ; hrnsh cleared in this work,' nor the for- Breeding upward with employment, ers' Association, , Beods Spring, Mo.,
j isked his life in the early nineties nnd ' f ' ' "-!T D""u'u overrawo oa- -uors want W j only of tho4beSt. bud
brought out a few goats at great ex-
TRAOC MARK lOl $.T tB,S
Be Sure to Say
If everybody said "Threaded Rubber
Insulation" when they bought batteries
and sawtoit that'ThreadedRubber" was
what they got there would be a lot less
Far fewer jobs of reinsulation that
is so often necessary to get full life out of
the plates of an ordinary battery.
: Assurance of longer battery life.
If your battery is getting to the point
where it shows signs of quitting it will
pay you to get on the track of Threaded
Rubber. Come in any time and have a -
talk about batteries. : v r
Degge & Burrell
. 238 North High Street.
Antomobile Electricians t
. bucks ioecouimended has established ; .V-nq .of rcjilto
Which many, of the earliest importations
of Asiatic and South African ' sto. k -have
been continuously recorded.
Growers are united in tho National
Mohair Growers' Association, Laguua, .
Texas, a marketing and promotion or
ganization of large membership una ,
wide influence. , . , -
Canada has given official recognition -to
tho industry . by authorizing, forma
tion of .the .Canadian float-Society with
headquarters at Ottawa. British, Colum- ,
bin lias a goat society at Victoria. Mnny -states
have organized associations tor
betterment of the industry in t!iu past '
few years and countries, are . forming ;
local branches to forward Angora gout
enterprises,.' ,' ..'.,' .. .-- T, K , , ,1 '
The goat is a clean feeder a, ;
profitable domestic animal. There (4 as-'
much difference between the common
gout and the modern purebred as -there
is between the oldtima Texas longhora
and the modern purebred Hereford, kluo
nomie administration of the Anierlcnn
farm will adept this little animal 'more
generally as time passes. V . : . , ' '
. Ooat farming' holds opportunity for
profitable investment, because its grew- '
tho has been substantial and in no sens
ephemeral. The increasing demand for )
stock cannot be fully supplied, and will
not be adequately filled for many yonrc.
Counting all classos of goats there are -approxiljotely
120,000,000 in the world .
under human eontrol. Of the wild liftvi
of the goat little is known, as it inhiili-, .
its . the ' most; inaceessiblo. ;; hountita-
heights. It is wary, elusive and coime-
quently hard to meet. It is at homo oa "
roeky elevations where no men coin )
find footiug. Cnses have been noted
where Angora herds have become separ-
atod, the stragglers going to the smnmit
of rocky hills where they lay in the sun- -shine
for days and only descended nt
kst for water and salt. Western forcn
hnvQ supplied game to tho hunter In the ,
form of goats strayod from tho floeUn
of farmers adjacent. The instinct of wiW
lite returns to the animal species when
liberated or escaped from the flocks.
The Rocky mountain, Olympic ami
Cascade ranges of mountains in tho :
northwest have absorbed many valuable
animals now occasionally brought down
by the hunter, who considers hp has se- 1
cured a repast equal-to venison when h
gets a voung kid cjr doo of tender.yrp.ru '
by his facility wittf the rifle, ' ;
Through Service We Grow
2 Days Only
CONTINUOUS SHOW TOMORROW 2:15, 4:15, 6:15, 8:15.
CONTINUOUS MUSIC ON OUR HOPE-JONES
ORCHESTRAL UNIT WURLITZER PIPE ORGAN
Y , :I
7 y - - I
It certainly is what you
might call a "duce" of
a nx to be in although
a man might call it
something else! A man
under a. charming and
w chaperoned widow'
bed at dead o" night!
Not a stranger either!
A perfectly hopeless
J- i v;r" "
wl Zr " f '
J W (, Jl . o1' 'l.f TjIa K'-v'
t a -.
i t si
ani hum- - " .
Ah! And BUT! Al
though she had no ex
cuse you should have
heard whut HE said!
It seems beyond reason
but he PROVED it! No
hopo for Daino Grundy
here! Nothing for tho
Dume to do but evnpor
ato Into thin utmos
pliere! It's a great com
edy! A great thrill pic
ture! A great Billie
Hurko picture! You
really mustn't hmhs it!
BILLIE BURKE IN "THE MISLEADING WIDOW"
HOW COULD YOU?