: 5250 ORCULATI0N f 25 OOO READERS nATTWV-- Only Circulation in Salem Guar anteed by the Audit Bureau of Circulations. FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCHES SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VALLEY? NEWS SERVICE Oregon: Tonight and Friday fair; gentle northwesterly winds For the 24 "hours ending at t o'clock this morning: Maximum 86; minimum,-49; no rainfall; river .6 foot.below zero, statioa ary. FORTY- SECOND YEAR NO. 227.--EIGHT PAGES. SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1919 PRICE TWO CENTS ON TBAINB AND Kw STANDS rm CSJrtJ IKS' DrMITEIMICE AIR TO LIMIT Thousands from Portland Add to Big Crowd; Lodgemen in Full Control of Stunts. Belief held yesterday that Salem day would be the oiggest iinanciauy, oi any aay at tne iair tms week, was laid to rest about 9:30 this morning when a string of auto mobiles and pedestrians almost twice as long as that of vesterdav. bepan filinpf into t.hp o-rnnnHs. Salem Day Crowd Smashes Record For A t tendance Approximately $28,000 in cash was taken in by ticket sellers at the state fair yesterday, ac cording to an estimate given out this morning by A. II, Lea, secretary of, the fair associa tion. This exceeds iby several thousands of dollars any day in . the history of the Oregon state fair. . ' It is 'believed that between 37,000 and 38,000 persons yes terday visited the grounds, a number which is, at the lowest, 5000 in excess of any previous record. ' ' STEEL Il THAN PROMISE The Rainbow garage at Klamath Falls wastotally destroyed by fir0 Monday, caused by an explosion in which three men were seriously injured. Gaily, and with much gusto," as is the wont of Elks, the lodgemen took charge. It is their day and if the opinion of those who are there counts for aught it is quite some day." . Quite likely, business is still going on in Portland, but the casual observer would opine thnt most of the metropolis is in Sclera. Hundreds of cars have ar rived from that city and up to a late Jiour this nftornoon machine's were still coming. All through the day it has been difficult to find ft parking place on Sa lem 's business streets. . Early this morning activities com menced in the Elks' temple under the direction of Cooke Patton. Lunches were Census Expected to Reveal Salem s Population at Over 20,000; Rapid Growth Noted Strike Cannot End Until Con- ' ference Arranged Says Fitzpatrick. senate investigation OF WALK-OUT IS OPENED Yorkers Will JJot Return to Jofes Until They Get Jus- tice, Is Qaim. City Gay :.-:1if A??11! Welcome to Elks, Rosar tans And Rose Society Members Now that arrangements- arc made for the official census of Salem, beginning the first week in January, the big question among those interested In served many guests and lodgemen In totafwil, come to 25 o00. various costumes extraordinary brought A business and professional men, forth comment. 4.. ..5.4i ..'. mn hm I. At the last moment a strikebreaker , Hlo ,;..: !. 4i,B T,onllit.i,m will run easily over 20,000, while a few vnnl utntn man ara .tnnfijlnnt lin finilra rather grotesque shape which wasj iU nm losto 25 000- Twenty, years ago Salem was a typical appeared in the shape of this young lady," Mr. Patton explained, pointing to a making its way about tho rooms, "and so we will be nblo to go on with our Bhqw." : ! - At 11:30 this morning a special from Portland bearing bearing hundreds of visitors, rolled into tho city and the crowds were taken almost immediately to the fair grounds where a jam, bigger even that of yesterday, is present. Surrounded by thousands, a Concert was offered near the gates this morn ing by the Multnomah guard baud, of Portland. Cheers wore given by the 40 musicians for A. H. Lea, and a word of thanks was spoken by the secretary. Perhaps tho chief feature of the day was the Elks' vaudeville show an .v termiiigling of comedy, satire, and aius ical numbers par excellence., Staged shortly before one o'clock this afternoon before an audience that packed the large livestock spectntorium, the eight acts offered apparently pleased the crowd crcntly. Music bv the Rosarian land, a parade of the Baby Elks, songs by Meadows and Esmond, songs and dances by Stilwell Bisters, an act by Bray and Hooligan, a solo by O. L. Ms Donald, appearance otVarney and Ever- so it, an a grandp finale by Moore and . Moore, saxaphone artists, made up the program. Much comment and speculation on the grounds today made apparent much in terest in the steeplechase which will bo run this afternoon. Early this afternoon the bigirest crowd ever known on the local ground began making its way to- Ward the grandstands. . The course is iu jerfeet condition. . ' At 4:30 this afternoon in the live stock pavilion, a special concert will be given by the Multnomah guard band Tonight at 8 p. m. a horeeshow will be offered in the eoliseum which, it is be lieved, will draw many Portlandcra. Music tonight will be furnished by Tom uasiuo's band and a violin solo will be mud village, an old timer said this morn ing. The official cersus of that year gave the city a population of 4258. Within, a few years after the 1900 census, there" came the great western boottH the srrent impetus for god roads and the" development Of the? prune -hidiis- trv, besides the assurance that the Ore gon Electric would break the freight con trol of the city How uy tne rcoutuern Pacific. Just before the 1910 census was taken, part of Chemawa precinct and part'of east Salem were taken' in to the city, and the official census record for 101SJ, gives Salem u population of 14,094. According to the school census and figures based on other estimates com piled bv W. M. Hamilton, the city reach ed a population of about 17,500 along in 1914. Then came tne war uuu mi.- berny: city , dropped back almost to tho 1910 census. About one year ago, conditions began to materially change in the city. AU business houses vacant during the slow years soon were occupied and within a short time almost every house worth while was rented. Real estate men who are familiar with conditions note the wonderful growth of the.'citv but regret to some extent that the census could not bo postponed for one year. With the completion of the Oregon Pulp & Paper company's mill, to cm--ployed between 125 and 200, tho Valley Packing company 's plant to employ about 100, and-King's Products com pany employing already about 2"0, those 'interested in P hie showinc for the city feel that ali2i Census 'will show a mii tcrial growth over that of next January. The 1910 census show tho population of Salem as follows: First ward, 1250; second ward,. 2O03; third ward, 1020; fourth ward, 2423; fifth ward, 1028; sixth ward, 4041, and seventh ward, 1369. ' . Tho population of Marion county in 1890 was 22,934. By the year 1900 it had grown to 27,713. The following ten years allowed a rapid increase in popu lation With a total of 39,780, and now tho most optimistic real estate man thnt With ElkB day, Royal (Rosarian day and Portland Rose society day, and all members of these organizations congre gating in the city today, and with the weather man playing 100 per cent per fect, the business section of the city this morning wag suggestive of big doings. At the Elks club 100 Kosanans ana their wives were served a luncheon and as many more Elks from Portland and surrounding towns were passed the sandwiches, doughnut a, coffee and otn er eatables generally included . in a stand up luncheon. . . . At the Commercial club, V. B. Clan- cv entertained 95 - members of the Portland. Rose society with a luncheon served in the auditorium. Following the luncheon, they were taken for rides about the cur as the guests of Mr. Clancy and then to the state fair grounds. - ..... , Two or three dozen Elks who belong to the baby class, having just recently ' Washington, Sept. 25. '(United Press.) Samuel Gompars will be called before the (senate committee investigating th iteel strike tomor row morning, Cta rman Kenyon an nounced this affe! noon. - ing of the rtty ot nunaicus yx - C0ui4 be foulld p,nced Ms 1920 0stimnte attracted by high wages i .8V,P'?I at clo to GO 000 -and elsewhere. The estimate is that the at close to 00,000. . (Continued on page five) BURLESON DENIES HE CLEffiNCEAll TELLS DEPUTIES REVISIONS OF PACT CANNOT BE Treatv Must Be Accepted Or Rejected "Without Amend . ment Declares French Pre mier In Address Today. Italians Occupy Dalmatian City Tuesday, Report Belgrade, Sept. 24. (United Press) An Italian detachment with several armored cars passed the line of debar carion and occupied Toguire, a Dalma tion city, Tuesday, according to an of ficial statement here. A handful of .Tugo-Slavs offered futile resistance. Two . American warships have left Spalato for Toguire, the announcement said. ' '" . ' The Italian admiral, Milo, i quoted as having informed the American corn- Paris, Sept. 25. (United Press) mandor of the vessels that the detach Says Giarge Of Ignoring The uvil Service Regulations Is False. Washington, Sept. 5. Charges that he has violated civil service rules in election of postmasters are unfair, un just and without foundation of fact, Postmaster General Burleson asserted today in a letter to Speaker Gillctt of the house. ; The letter was in response to the house resolution asking information about filling of postoffice vacancies. Burleson says the position of post master at offices of the first, second and third classes is not within the clas sified civil service, and that civil serv ice rules do not apply in such eases, as . a consequence of which it is not within the jurisdiction of thp house committee on reform in the civil service to make the inquiry contemplated. Burleson said that notwithstanding the fact thnt the committee is without jurisdiction he would transmit the facts requested in order to correct 'alleged misrepresentations. Premier C'lcinenceau, answering inter pellations in the chamber of, deputies today with regard to the pence treaty, told the chamber it only had the right to accept or reject the treaty as a whole. " Sou only have the right to accept or reject it "as a whole without amend- ing it," he said. The treaty as a whole is a good one, ' Clemenceau said. "I am giving my fullest thought to the society of nations, because I be lieve absolutely in its efficiency," said Clemenceau.- - "I would reproach myself if I ac cepted the slightest criticism of Presi dent Wilson-. 1 am in a 'position to de clare tha't we can count absolutely up on America' ratification of the treaty and tho league covenant. Our greatest desire is that the society or nations shall sueceed." The premier then explained the agree ments regarding the Monroe doctrine, freedom of the seas and Slmutuiig, which he was obliged to accept. "You have pointed out many de fects in the treaty, yet there are oth ers which I know, but you have miss ed," said the premier, provoking 'an outburst of lauehter. " Xevcrtheless, the treaty as a whole is good. It creates a new world, ealls minorities into life, institutes new leg islation for the workingmen, liberates nennles who did not even participate in the war, and protects oriental minor it, wlm were formerly subjected to massacres The Indian trr.inine school at Cliff mawa expects tn. enrollment of 600 stn-.. ment occupying was composed of wan dering mutineers acting on their own initiative.' Police Have No Trouble In Handling Fair Crowd Despite Big Attendace "Despite the huge crowift, there has been less trouble this year than at any fair during the last five years," de clared Chief W. H. Oolct of the fair grounds police force this afternoon.. A few psrsons who had been apparently near, intoxicating liquors were among those present on Salem day, but they were easily handled, the chief ; ' "No accidents have occurred and my men have been chiefly concerned in assisting people," Major William White in charge of the Oregon guardsmen stated. A few automobiles were thought by owners to have been lost or stolen yesterday, but all eventually showed up, Major White said. ; By Raymoid Clapper Washington, SeptJ 25, More than the promise, of a conference with steel of ficials is now necessary to get striking steel workers back to the 'plants, John Fitzpatrick, strike leader, told the sen ate labor committee today. Fitzpatrick, the fifrst wtness in tlio In vestigation authorized by the senate Tuesday, declared that the refusal of 4 conference was the cause of the'strike. But the workers now will not go back until thev get justice, he added. Fitzpatrick made his statement under questioning by Senator Kenyon after he had told the committee that the steel of ficials took every means to prevent un ionization of tlieir"&uts and Heclareo bad conditions hi jths steel industry were used in preventing the securing of improved conditions elsewhere. W. B. Rubin, steel workers' counsel, told of events leading tip to the strike "Would the strike be called off if you had the consent of the officials sor conference?" Senator Kenyon asked. "I don't think so," Fitzpatrick re died. "There is now ground on which we ran set together, but the mere fact of caning or a niuifn-iico o ficient to recall the 350,000 workers who have left their jobs. ' They have been subjected to brutality and murder. They resent that and they will not go back to the mills until they get justice. "They are going to ask the United States government to give them ordi nary justice and until that is accorewit, they will not go back to the mills." - ''Then the real reason for the srrjse was the failure to grant a conference! '' Kenyon suggested. . " Yes," Fitzpatrick replied, and said if Judge Gary had consented to n con ference the strike would not have been called. ' ' Fitzpatrick declared that to go back until justice is assured would result in the workers "being shot to pieces." Fitzpatrick told of the slaying of Mrs. Fannie Sncllings. "Our information is that the killing was done by a mill guard," Fitzpatrick said. "Do these men act for the steel com pany, rather than tho public t" Sonntor Walsh, Massachusetts asked. " "That's the system of terrorism they usi," the witness replied. "Then made f.n example of Mrs. Snellings to put the fear of God in the hearts of the strikers," Fitzpatrick add ed." , been initiated, were togged out as cow boys, dancing ladies, policemen and hicks and other fantastic costumes and were obliged to take part in the down town doings, as well as exhibit them selves in the arena of the stadium at the fair grounds. And with members of the three Port land organizations coming to Salem was the Multnomah guard band and the Royal Rosarian band. iRoyal Rosarians are to 1e entertain ed Iby the local Elks lodge 'this eve ning at the dining rooms of the First Congregational church and members of the Portland Rose society by members of . the Salem Floral society at a din ner to be sorvod at the floral display. The special program this evening to be put on !bv the Elks will be given in the auditorium under the direction of John W. Todd, including demobiliza tion of 'the .Elks service flag, selections r' oy the jsiks band and several voeai solos. . . ,,.!;' mmm AS KNIVESTO m mm uwmm mm m i Police Raid House Used By bmpers; Riobng In Other Close Guard Kept About President In Strike Region Pueblo, Colo., Sept. 25. Extraor dinary precautions to Safeguard Presi dent -Wilson in Pueblo, steel strike cen ter resulted this afternoon iu aban donment of plans for hig attendance at the state fair. Secret service operatives , . trr , j n .who have been, in Pueblo several days OUlKe AlieCteU dCCUOnS IS advised the change of program. The of ficial announcement of the change Opposition To Pact OxZdtz Cf Congress fees Frca Pi Gercass, Cfeb. DENYERGIYESYfHSC:i TRET;ii,wUS ovAira Refusal To Accept Ccvcrrl WEI Force Eardsa Cf 1 Aryupsn kzt Less Today.' Farrell, Pa., Bcpt. 2.1. Ono striker was killed and one seriously beaten in gun fight with state pohco here today. The polioc raided a house from which it was declared men Were J.'. wiping i! at the steel plant. -.' 's !" '' ,..': .'.. -, Gary, "IndTrH9ept.M5-f'enty4ive striking steel workers were injured in a head-on collision of two streetcars at the gates of the American Sheet & Tin Plate plant hero today. The cars, crowded with workers en route to the mill .to receive their pay, collidod under a subway. . t r . , Many of the injured wore badly man gled, and according to the notice,- five may die. Pittsburgh, Pa., Sopt. 5. A score or shots were fired today at three employes of the Clairton steel -plant and a police man en route to the nulls. The men were 'carrying $200,000 in wages to be paid workers. No one was Injured. . Buffalo, N. Y., Sept. 25. Absolute quiet prevailed in the vicinity of tho closed steel plants here today. Enforce ment of order by the state police, pro hibiting more than two persons to con gregate upon tho streets kept ncdes trian on tho move. Idnest this school year. Astoria To Get Largest Sawmill In Northwest Astoria. Or., Kt. 23. A syndicate hea.ded by Max H. Hauser grain mag nate of Portland, and C. II. Davis, Jr., of the same city, has purchased a tract of 33 acres on' Young's Hay, near As toria, and will there erect the largest saw mill ii the Pacific northwest. The Weyerhauscr interests are re ported to be represented in the svndi- jente. . ABE MABTCN KA . loo Mrr I Sharon, Fa., Sent. 23. Barring the firing of a few shots near tho North Carnegie works in Sharon last night by men apparently intent on frightening others away from the tilat, there was no disturbance in Shcnango valley, in connection with the stool strike. L W. W.'s Plan Invasion Of Spokane To Attend iTrial Of 29 Brothers Spokane, Wash., Bcpt. 25. Fifteen hundred I. W. W. plan to invade the city, defy city laws and attend tho trial of 29 members now' held in the county jail on charges of wearing I. W. W. buttons, according to reports to oafcty Commissioner Tilsley. The trials are scheduled for October 6. , The city is prepared to march tho entire "army" to jail if it persists in wearing I. 'W. W. buttons. Astoria Newspaper Sold To East Oregonian Today Astoria, Or., Spt. 25. J. E. and Wm. Gratke have sold the Budget, Astoria's afternoon daily newspaper, to the own ers of the Pendleton East Oregonian, who will take possession October 2. Thi paper's name will be changed ti the West Oregonian. It is reported here that C. S. Jackson, owner of the Port land Journal, is interested in the new deal. Gretkc brothers have no definite plans for the future. Chenoweth Admitted To State Hospital Today Gcoru!. B. Chenoweth, member of the 1919 legislature from Curry county, whoso nlea of insanity resulted in hi acquittal on a manslaughter charge for killine George Hytlhara, was received at What's become o' th' ole fashioned the state hosptinl for the insane here haunted housef Music soothes th' sav- Wednesday night. Chenoweth will be age breast, an' that's th' reason ther kept jn the -receiving ward of the hos not afraid t' charge you a quarter fer pital until officials have determined his ice tea in a cafe. mental condition. gave "latigae" of the chiet executive as the reason. A group of known rad icals in ,this city has boon under clos est ' possible surveillance. Wilsolu ar rives at 3 p. m. and his public appear ance will now be practically limited .to his address. A downtown parade also has been abandoned. ., ..i ' ; ' ' 'f Northbound Trains Still . Delayed By Tunnef Wreck Due to troubles in repairing a tunnel at Kennett. just north of Redding Cal., the Southern , Pacific train from the south has been late several hours for tho paHt two days. The northbound train due at 6:55 o'clock this morning did not arrive until about noon. Ac cording to reports from Konnett, dam age to the fctnnel was caused by tim bers falling from a freight train pass ing through, causing tho timber braces of the tunnel to give way. Assurance is given that with the wrecking forces of the Shastaidivision of the Southern Pa cific concentrated on repair of the tun nel, that north bound trains will soon bo moving on schedule time. Schwab, Returning East, Silent As Regards Strike Chicago, Wept. 25. (United Press) Without a word as to plans for meeting any crises at the Bethlehem stool plants, Charles M. Schwab returned east today. In an address here Schwab did not refer directly to the steel bus iness or the strike. Schwab told the Institute of Mining Engineers that tho high cost of living will disappear when "we get back to tho practice of giving hn honest day's work for an honest day's pay." 'Captain Assumes Entire Blame ror Steamer Wreck Eureka, Cal., Sept. 25. Captnin John Nelson, 84, who lost his steamer North Fork off Shelter Cove, is attempting today- to salvage what he can of her, She is practically a total loss. When the INorth Fork's bottom was ripped off on a reef, Nelson closed his sea career. This docs not deter him from taking all blame. "I took a chance once too often," he said. Auditorium Denver, Colo., Sept., 2& "Hyphens are the knives that are be ing stuck into this document," Presi dent Wilson charged today in spceek demanding acceptance of the peaed treaty. ' - ,' , ' ) .t. He made with emphasis the accusa tion that "outside legislative halls," the only organized opposition to tha treaty came from the same forces that favarod Germany in the war. i There is no question of reservations or amendments to the treaty, he sai4. The issue is flatly acceptance or re jection.1 - Acceptance means insurance against war, ho declared, "and that's wortn the whole .game." ,. .- There was a tremendous demonstra tion when he said he was under bond to the mothers, -wives and sweethoarta of America to 4 all possible to pre cerit another war, in the noxt genera tion. .r..,:..A' :,.,.' ..;-....; f "The children arc my clients," ha cried, . ' . " v . Declaring the league Of ition w 98 per cent insurance against war, he said: . V "-'V "That 's what I wont over to Europe to get; that's what I got; and that's what I brought back." ' If America stays out of the treaty, this country must have the largest army in the world with huge taxes, univer sal conscription and a military goveraT ment ''because you can 't run such machine with a debating society."; V More applause 'broke out when ha confidently, with a wave of his hand, declared, America never would stand for such a condition. ' ' If wo don 't have this treaty, labor will be regnrded as a purchasable com modity throughout the world, " 1 snki the president, drawing attention to the labor provisions. " We haven t done our lull duty witn regard to bettering labor conditions in this country " he admittcd,bnt added American conditions wero better ithan those in other countries and should be extended to tho world as a preliminary tn general betterment of conditions. Homo men he knows, Wilson said, ara very good talkers "and its a pleasure to hear them when they are honest ami know what they are talking about. But time for debate has passed, he said. The peoplo know what is in. the csve nant and refuse to be misled with re gard to it. If the treaty is turned down, Ameri ca will deserve to forfeit the confi dence of the world, he asserted. ' ''I challenge tho opponents of the treaty to show cause v,-hy it should not be ratified," he exclaimed. ; ' He said he wanted the senate to flat ly accept or reject the treaty, "not lesva the issue in doubt with reservations. 'And in making this demand, Wilson ntnted he believed he was speaking for the peoplo of the United States. , . Bishop Hulsc of the Episcopal diocew of Cuba is attending the annual convo cation of the eastern Oregon diocese at Hood River. Italian Crown Council Will Take Drastic Action to End D'Annunzio 9sReign inFiume By Camillo Cionfarr (United Press Staff Correspondent.) Rome, Sept. 25. With all parts of the country aroused over the tenseness of tho Fiume situation, Italy is nervous.v awaiting tho decisions of the crown council, which meets today for the first time since 1882. Apparently only Premier Nitti ant Foreign Minister Tittoni know the pro posals which will be made for the pro gram to suppress Gubrioffi D'Annuuzio, but it is generally believed they will be drastic. Nitti 's adversaries assert that his res ignation will solve the Fiume crisis and quiet the country nnd we are not overtaken by famine," says the Corriere Delia Bcrra. "The only alarming thing in the whole situa tion seems to be the government'! ner vousness." ; ; Government leaders, past and present, have been invited by Nitti to partici pate in tho crown council meeting.: Those who will meet with the eoun cil, include the former premiers, Banelli, Giolitti and Orlando, General Diaa, th president of tho chamber of deputies, and the president of the senate. Reports of D 'Annuftzlo 's sueeesn and popularity continue to reach Rome. A dispatch from Trieste to the Messaggcra reports that D'Annunzio's forces have occupied Toguire on , the Dalmatian "We are not on the eve of revolution; Jfoast. Toguire is 140 miles from Fiuma wo arc not on the verge of bankruptcy by land and still farther by sea.