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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 8, 1919)
5250 GRCULATION V ;
W (25,000 BEAllEStAILT)
4( Only Circulation in Balem Guar- . 41
anteed by thefAulit Bureau of
! . . Circulations. ' -
- : DISPATCHES
- SPECIAL- WltLAMETTH '
TALLET NEWS 8EBYI0S
. ' - i ' ' '
FULL LEASED WIRE
FORTY- SECON YEAR NO. 212.--EIGHT PAGES.
With New Commission As
By W. R. Hargraves
(United Press Staff Correspondent) ,
" Hoboken, N. J., Sept. 8. General Pershing stepped
foot on American soil here at 9:20 a. m. today after an
absence of more than two and a half years a period in
which history was made and empires overthrown, and in
which he played a leading role.
As tle big transport,
warped into the dock the din of whis
tles and cheering, which) had greeted
iiim all tho way through, the lower and
: upper , 'bay was increased a hundred
' fold. '-L: -i
"Black Jack,'.' erect and very sol
.. dterly, stood on tho ; bridge. As the
pandemonium broke out, he waved his
cap and then his handkerchief.' A band
on the pier played "The Sars Spangled
Banner" and he came smartly to sa
lute. - " '. " '
. Other officers, on the transport and
'ashore, both, army and naval, also stood
ot attention while the huge crowds
;bared their heads. A sudden hush
' spread over the masses, and continued
until the national anthem was finish
' ed. - .' '- - -
.When- the strains died - away over
th North river, the cheering broke
out afresh. iProm then on there was an
intermittent roar of cheers and screech
ing of whisKes until the general left
for the Battery hortly affer 10 o'clock
censing only when he and the welcom
ing officials exchanged greetings on
As Pershing strode, down the gang
plank the band played "To the Gen
eral." After shaKing hands with Sec
retary Baker, the general kissed his
two sisters. He was then escorted to a
raised dais on the pier.
Secreary Baker, presenting Fershing
with the certificate of his new com
mission as full general, said:
"About two and a half years ago,
'by the president 's direction, I had the
honor of designating you to lead the
armies of the United States in France.
Todav you return, your mission accom
iplijdicd, with victory written on the
banners of the greatest army the na
tion ever had, and with the priceless
foundations of liberty and freedom
(Continued on page six)
Sy Hugh Baillie
( United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Aboard the President's- Traill En
Route to Sioux Falls, 8.. D., Sept. 8.
Having declared his opposition to all
peace treaty reservations, and asuerted
he would make any sacrifice to insure
ratification President Wilson this after
noon invaded the .northwest in his cam
paign for acceptance of the document.
His next stop is Sioux Falls, 8. D.,
where he speaks tonight, then proceeds
to Minneapolis and St. Paul.
There were many dramatic features
in the president's Omaha .speech. His
declaration to the effect that if he per-so-ially
stood in the way of consumma
tios of the peace settlement" ho would
be glad to give up his life for it. was
received in impressive silence. His use
of a copy of the pence treaty ruffllna
its pages, pounding it for emphasis and
holding it out to the people like an old
school preacher expounding on his bible,
was widely commented upon.
Wilson is glad, he said in bis speeeh,
that republicans are tcking such a prom
inent part on the reception committees
as that lends a non-partisan ntmospnere,
The president seemed refreshed by a
St. Paul and
long automobile ride -through the resi
dential part of Omaha before going tor
the auditorium. The crowds were sparse
and quiet. The greetings to the chief
executive mostlv took the form of a
doffing of hats and waving of handker
chiefs and flags, with spattering hand
clapping. At no time did the applause
bring Wilson to his feet. Many school
children were drawn np to meet mm.
The president stopped at the modest
home of the aged mother of C. N. and
Gould Dietz, prominent Omaha repub
licans, one of whom was in charge of
thu reception, walked to the porcn,
shook hands and conversed for a few
minutes, while the neighbors came by
scores, running across the broad lawns
and clustered about the house.
After Mb speech Wilson returned im
mediately to the train, driven through
the streets at a fast clip. He walked
from his automobile to the private car
through a lane of double ranks of troops,
standing at "present arms."
It was expected there would be a
strong demand for rear platform speech-
es during the afternoon, especially at
(Continued on page two) v
Villistas Defeated fa : !
Three Elements By i
Carranza Fjorce, Report
Galveston, Texas, Sept. 8.--In three.
successive engagements Genoral Manuel
Dieguez, commanding Carranza- forces
in pursuit of Pancho Villa in the state
of Duraugo, has completely wiped out
Villista cavalry, according ta a htate
mi.nt given out by Mexican. Coneui
Meade. Fierro hero today.
,. Carranzistas killed 356 Villa followers
and captured 800 horses a largo quantity
of ammunition and equipment, the state
Villa, with Martin Lopez, Ills" chief
lieutenant and eighty men, . escaped into
the mountains pursued by light cavalry.
The battles . occurred near - Durango
City, Sua. Gabriel and Hombre-Dios..
OF CAPITAL JOHL
Former F.Iedfcrd Newspaper
man Purchases Paper Of
Chas. H. Fisher.
George Putnam, former publisher ot
the Medford, Oregon, Mail Tribune, to
day purchased the' capital slock oi" The
Capital Journal Publishing Co., from
Chas. H. Fisher and succeeds the latter
as editor and publishor of The " Daily f
Capital Journal. '
Mr. Fisher assumed control in Feb.,
1914.. Under his management the paper
lias grown from 1800 circulation to 5300
Hnd become .the lealling newspaper of
Oregon oursidi f; 'Portland? & Mri Fisli-
or, who 'in also publlsh"cr ;of the Kugeno
Guard, will shortl 'retutn to' iiu,ene
to make his future home.
Mr. Putnam is a newspaper man of
extended experience in tho east and on
the coast. He Was for several years
news editor of the Portland Journal,
leaving this paper in 1907 for Meaford,
where ho mado the Mail Tribune the
principal paper of southern Oregon.' He
states that tho policies so successfully
in?.4iRurat4 by Mr. Fisher will Ue con
tinued and every effort mode to build np
The Capital Journal and increase lis
influence and prestige. -
BARBARY COAST PUT
Action Taken To Prevent Fur
ther Riots Between Gobs
. San Francisco, Sept. 8. Waiting lists
for the brigs of the Pacific fleet had
swelled today, and the Barbury Coast
was under close guard by military, naval
and civil police as the result of two
nights of near rioting and fighting.
Precautions wero takeu to prevent
friction between civil police and the
provost guard from the ships. Some
feeling remained over the action of the
provost guard in taking two sailors out
of the hands of the civil officers.
Last night's trouble started when u
negro bested Joseph Lightner, a wmre
soldier, in a fist fight. Crowds of sol
diers and sailors vowed to "get'' the
negro. On two occasions crowds esti
muted at nearly 1000 approached the
"Coast" but were thrown back by the
Police and the provost guard Satur
day night were forced to use their eticks
j freely when sailors attacked William
Anderson and Polioeman James Me
Kachera who was guarding him. Ander
son had shot and seriously wounded
Frank Smyth, first class machinist's
mate on the U. 8. S. Ludlow, who was
with Anderson's wife in a "Coast"
cafe and whom Anderson charged with
-breaking up his home.
.At the naval hospital on Goat Ta1and
today it was said Smyth's condition was
good. He was shot in the head, but
will live. ' .
Anderson was charged with assault to
FARM IS SOLD .
The ranch of J. L. Stalker sonsist
ing of 104 acres in the Silverton Hills
district was sold Saturday to Edward
Olson of Nebraska. The farm will be
turned over to its new owner October 1st
and Mr. Olson 's son is expected to come
out to take charge until Mi. Olson
j moves his family here. Mr. and Mrs.
j Stalker will move back into their house
on Mill street. Silverton AppcaL
SALEM, OREGON MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1919.
Blaze In Coinpartment Of U.
S. S. New Mexico Delays
EIGHT OFFICERS AND 25
MEN OVERCOME BY FUMES
Engiheman Trapped By Bulk
head Dies As Hero; Uses
Telephone! To Last
, 1 TEISCO US MOTJRNINQ
San Francisco, Sept. 8. San
Francisco went into public
mourning today for the three
men who lo9t their lives on
board the flagship New Mexico.
Mayor Bolph appointed a com
mittoe to confer with Admiral
Eodman regarding a memorial
service on shore, j
7 Flags . were "placed at ha.f
San Francisco, Sept -8. (United
Press.) The U. S, 8. New Mexico,
flagship of the Pacific fleet, will
sail for Port Angeles late today on
schedule, despite the fire that dam
aged the dynamo compartment, ,
causing the death of three men and
the injury of more than a score
Bodies of the three men will not be
brought to Sun Francisco for public
funeral, as the city requested, but will
be taken to Mare Island and snipped
from there direct to relatives.'
Investigation into the fire was con
ducted along two angles:
' Admiral Rodman wishes to know
whether faulty gas masks were supplied
the fire fighters, and whether the water
which probably caused the death of tho
three by. drawning could safely have
been withheld by the fire fighters.
San Francisco, Sept. .8. Departure of
the TJ. S. S. New Mexico, flagship of
the Pacific fleet, for northern waters
today, may be delayed as the result of ti
fire in one of its compartments, which!
resulted in the death of three men and
the injury to many others.
The men wero either cletcrocuted or
drowned. The New Mexico was to have
left at 6 o'clock this afternoon with six
destroyers for Port Angeles, Wash.,
point of rendezvous of the fleet.
(Continued on page three)
Wilson Arguing on What He
Asked, Not What He Got, Say
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Press staff correspondent)
Washington, Sept. 8. President
Wilson is arguing before the country
on the basis of what he sought to at
tain in the Versailles peace treaty
not what he got is the reply republi
can opponents of tht treaty are pre
paring to make. '
Senators Johnson, Borah and McCor
mick were making final plans today
for their trip upon which they will car
ry their arguments "to the country."
Johnson is preparing to answer ev
ery point mado by the president on his
tour. Responding to the vein of altru
ism brought by Wilson in his recent
speeches, Johnson today declared: "I
denv that he is more altruistic than I
am. lit I will not bury my American example of what may be expected un
ideals under the imperialism of Europe jder the league of nations. They will
and Asia. I would leave them free to point out that this is an entirely, "un
be exercised in fheir best time. The declared, undisclosed war," and de
nrnairlnnt's irleaU were abandoned, mand bv what authority American
ocaten at the peace conference, bvcry
ideal utterance he made was utterly
whipped and eliminated by the imper
Will I OmM
Nxa-Ucon 0?triters Asi
facialis In Movie Shows
Portland, Or., Sept. 8. Fifteen mov
ing picture theaters in Portland aie be
ing conducted by non-union operators
and musicians, following a strike of the
union employes Sunday.
The walkout 'was caused as & result of
ungranted demands of the thcatiical
federation, calling for the establishment
of orchestras of from three to ten pieces
in the show houses. 1
The demands would mean the employ
ment of 64 musicians instead of SO or
ganists and pianists which have- been
furnishing tho music. ' ,
First Tacca Eewssaper In
Three Days Printed Today
, Tacoma, Wash.,' Sept. 8. Ta;oma's
era of no newspapers, brought about
Friday by s- strike of printers, Ciiiue to
an end today with the publication of
the usual' editions of the Times.
Publishers of. that daily into laBt
night reached an agreement with, cho un
iou, -which was in session continuously
all afternoon and evening.
It was announced that tho terms Of
the settlement call for the immediate
appointment of a board of cotcilintion.
The publishor of the News Tpbune
and the Ledger has not accepted theso
SEATTLE GASLESS AS
RESULT OF WALK OUT
Hospitals, Newspapers ; And
r Restaurants Ksrd Hit By
Ci i - fit m, j s
Dirme ui tv enters. ;
i Seattlo, Wash., Sept. 8. Thousands
of Seattle families are cooking over
open fires, in their back, yards, while
volunteer- office men omployed .by the
Seattle Lighting company are stoking
the furnaces at six plants today in a
frantic effort to. keep up service. ' Gas
workers went out en-striko suddenly
Saturday. , i ;
Slight gas pressure tnougli of the
precious fumes to fry eggs if one had
patience enough was supplied eariy -day.
But tho pressure dwindled out by
mid-forenoon. ' ' ;
Newspaper offices depending on gas'
"metal pots' ' on typesetting macninery
found themselves tied up during the
early part of the day. i" ' J .
Hospitals are handicapped and wide
spread suffering is predicted. Many
restaurants are untble to give service.
Tho others are packed with patrons.
CHICAGO MAN MTODERED BY
MEXICAN BANDIT'-i AT COAPA
Washington, Sept. 8. Mexican band
its murdered Herbert S. McOill of Chi-
cago at Coapa. state of Chiapas, Mex
ico, on August 30, the state department
was advised today. Representations
have been made both to local and na
tional Mexican authorities.
McOill was riding horseback when
he was attacked
as attacked from ambu.h n4
ded. He fel from hi. horse and
to death. His Ibodv was
thrown into the Coapas river. It was
recovere and buried at Coapa.
ialistic aims of those who wrote the
Johnson declared the president was
entirely right when he said the cove
nant was greater than the government.
"And the question our people want
to decide," he continued, is "whether
they want to substitute this super gov
ernment of a league of nations for
The senator sdid he considered that
givine Great Britain six votes in the
league assembly to one for'the United
States was a challenge to "our self
respect and patriotiwn." disposition
of this question would bo a real test
of Americanism, he declared.
Both .Borah and Johnson will main
tain that the presence in .Russia of sev
eral thousand American soldiers is an
ii ves are being sacrificed. They will
-(Continued on page three)
PRICE TWO CENTS
Reservations Not Necessary
To Protect Soverignty
- By Hugh
' ..' i TT "J .1 TX 1-1 a. . 0
: iiiniTPn Krp.os st.htt i nrrpsnnnnpnr i 4 '
Auditorium Qrri&ha,; Neb. eit. , 8t Reservations to
the peace treaty were argued against today by President
Wilson in an address to a crowd estimated at 5000.
General Liggett Inspects
Mexican Border By Motor
. IiO- Angeles, Cal., opt. 8. diiouton-'
ant General Hunter Liggett, command
er of the ' western army department,
left Los Angeles for San Diego today !
to Btart an. inspection of :th ;Mexican
border as far cast as luina. '
. Cleneral Liggett denied that there is
any special significance .attached to his
,''!It is myifirst opportunity of in
specting the1 posts , in -the western de
partment,.' f. ho; said, I ftnd' naturally I
will, start with the Mexican torder."
' General Liggett ts ttaveling by auto-mobile--the
same automobile which he
used when ho: drovo dnto Coblcnz as
the commander of the victorious Third
army, . . .. ;'. .
PRESIDENT TO MAKE
TWO SPEECHES TODAY
Omaha And Sioux Falls On
Schedule Of Chief Execu
tive For Day.
By Hugh Baillie
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Aboard the President's Train, Under
wood, Iowa, Sept. 8. Professing confi
dence in victory for the peace treaty
and the league of nations, President
Wilson today resumed his report to the
Two speeches wero planued: the ono
this morning at Omaha and another this
vo,un8 wMl talt it Rt PalU'iinl
the president will speak at St. Paul and
Wilson's special train stopped before
dawn at Underwood, Iowa, about twenty
miles from Omaha. It was placed on a
siding there as the reception committee
was not due to meet the president In
Omaha until 9 a. m. und it was thought
that this time might better be spent in
the country than in a railroad yard.
Tho president wns up early. Ho found
his traveling White House standing in
a corn field with the houses of Under
wood in tho distance. Farm noises,
crowing of roosters, etc., sounded faint
ly. "Wilson weathcr'f is the populnr
phrase on the train.. Sunny skies have
greeted the president almost every
where. Each day ho receives by tele
graph a weather forecast from, the gov
ernment weather bureau m (Jlucago.
The president came out on the rear
platform for a breath of fresh morning
air. Tho people in Underwood were not
aware that the presidential special was
so close by and there were no specta
tors. Shortly afterwards when word
spread that the chief executive was
aboard the train standing just outside
the town, the early risers began to stroll
down the tracks to wish him good morn
ing. Wilson is keenly interested in the
type of audiences he faces. He regarded
his Des Moines audience as typically
American. The pooplo who ambled over
the private car, The Mayflower, this
morning, seemed to fit the description
They had tho look of farmers and many
had their own automobiles.
Wilo.i ie in republican countrj" now,
(Ccntinued on page three)
ft a s 1 a a o o n
Oregon: Tonight and Tues- 41
day eloudy; gentle nortncrly 4t
A wind. '41
I - w
BfTASnOB JTf J C J
Baillie - ,
J. -t , .. ... 1 1 V
He said there was no need for lesor
vations; that the Monroe is authenti
cated in the treaty by all the great i
tioiiB of .the world, -he said; therefore
Inhere is no need ,f or & Monroe doctrine
reservation, ' T. ; J'':lf - . -
j He wanted to know if those who fav
or a reservation for quick witnurawM
(from the league .were, such "poor pa
triots", they thought' tho United fctates
would not; fajlfitsijntoiiational obli-
gattorf.''. - t,;;;.,'i;::.;:::'v
. A' reservation to .exempt domestic -questions
from the loague of ni.Llon
would be superfluous, he doclaiv.d. Uo-
mestie matters are not interfered witu
in the treaty, ho said. ,.'
There was intense silence as Wilsov
painstukingly explained the league off
nations plan for proventirig war by
providing a "cooling off" period and!
a boycott for offending nations.
He had a .copy, of. the treaty in his
hands as he epoke, and got a prolinget
cheer when he. said: " ' This is thu wArkc
of honest men." ! ;v
Reservations would se .d the. treaty
back to the peace conference, ho said,,
and when asked if the people wanted
that, there was a great shouting of
"no! not " ..' ','. - - ' -Wilson
was loudly cheered when he
criticised the senate s delay, saying no
man could tell how long that tody
would take to do anything.
He admitted he "disliked" the Shan
tung provision of the treaty, but joid iff
would do no good to refuse to ratify the
treaty; China would not be aided there-
He asked if tho people wanted to go
to war against Britain, France and Jar
pan to get Shantung for China. . ;
He again reiterated, with regard to
his opponents, that they must put up
or shut up. This repeated challenge was
greeted with cheers. '
Wilson asked if it were possible that
' om'n(l'e the world by force, to stay out
, of e &nd sub8titu, ujistet
We only know a couple o' socialists'
personally, but from what they say, th
teal reason why th' world ' out o' gear
is because they have t' work. What
th' average feller don't understand is
why Undo Sam don't drop a lemonade
shaker full o' poison gas on Chihuahua
(Continued on page four)