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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 5, 1919)
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FORTY- SECOND YEAR NO. 210. TEN PAGES.
SALEM, OREGON; FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1919.
Y ' A ' ' A A G7
? v .-.'X - .-. ' p "
on ap run
TO BRING BID
:- TO DEMI
Gompers Requests Y v"dent
' 111 nil aUgC Mlll CI CliV s ,
: Pacify Steel Workers?
LEADERS LOSING HOLD
: OVER LISTLESS. UNIONS
Refusal Of Judge Gary To
Hear Demands Threatens
:" To Precipitate Strike.-- .
" Washington, Sept. 5. Acting-for. steel
workers, President Samuel Gompers of
the American Fodefatioa of, Labor, to
day wired President Wilson -asking him
to use his influence 'm arranging a con
ference with the United - Sui tes bteel
Corporation. - '
Wilson is askod to make his reply be
fore Tuesday when, the presidents ot 24
international unions ot the steel miius'
try will be here to decide on f uturo ac
' tion. . -y-s. -. . . .
Thetelee-rnm declares that while the
men have been restrained from striking
thev are "indignant" and that s atrike
toht endaneer the whole' struc
ture which the president has built up for
the adjustment of industrial disputes,
The message declared that "having
thus far been enabled to prevail upon
the men not to .engage in a generaH
strike, the labor leaders cannot now at
i'irin how much longer we will be able iu
. avftit Hill irtf lllPllCfi. " .
.Tndife Garv. head of the Cinted
States Steel Corporation, has refused
two appeals to meet a committee of steel j
workers... Following this Gompcrr find ;
iel men visited President Wilson and,
laid the" whole, ease of : the,.; steel nien
lofore him. , ; ' ;
The telegram sent today was taken to
indicate thut. the president at that time
had told the stctfl men he would try to
bring about Ki conference. ;
he telegram was framed at a meet
ing here today of the national organiza
tion committee of the steel industry. It
reads: . " t. r - - J
' "The executive committee reprcsent
Mg the various international unions in
the various iron . and steel industry met
today' tp consider the awful condition
which exists -in munv of the iron and
steel industry centers. The coercion,
the brutality employed to prevent men
and-umons from meeting in halls eu
ituaod on private -property in the open
nir, the thuggery of the corporation's
emissaries, the wholesale discnarge of
numbers of men for no reason other
than the one assigned that -they have
become members of the unions, have
brought about & situation that it is ex-
ccedinelv difficult to witnnoia or re
sttain the indignation of the mad and
the resistance that they declared it is
their purpose to present.
"The executive committee replying
upon the case as presented to you last
week and your earnest declaration to
endeavor to bring about a conference
for the honorable and peaceful adjust
ment o the matters in controversy have
thus far been enabled to prevail upon
the men not to engage -in a ' general
strike. . . :
"We ca-wiot now confirm how mncn
lorgcr wo shall be able to exert that
(Continued of Page Seven.)
TO PREVENT WAR URGED
Lansing Explains Legal Side
' Of Peace Conference To
Boston, Mass.. Sept. 5. Internation
al justice, interpreted and applied by
an impartial court, can do ntore to pre
vent future wars than any agency, sin
gle or collective, operating in. the
onltpre of dinlomaev. This note was
sounded repeatedly in. the address of
Secretary Lansin? to members of the
American Bar association here this af
' International democracy exists in
the sphere of lecal justice and up to
.the present time, in no other relations
.between nations," Landing asserted.
' Continuing, he advocated establish
ment of an international tribunal or
tribunals of justice with The Hague
eourt as a foundation, and a concise
bolv of legal principles.
Taking as his subject "Some legal
questions of the pc-aee conference,"
Lansing compare.! international law
Wilson Terms LeaMe
Z - -
1 -r- - -
Opponents and Exponents of
Treatylin Senate Prepare To
Battle; Reservations Issue
Leader Of Administration
fight In Senate
FIRST SPEECHES NOT
SURPRISING IS VIEW
President's Talks Yesterday
Hold little Not Expected
By Fred S. Ferguson .
(United Press Staff Coiresuoiulent.)
Washington,. Sept. li. Friends , ai:d
opponents of Preiitlent AVils.m
expressed their cpiuum . the iresi-,
ueut s first wo aim-! -tt raucut
what they had expected."
Those close to the president believed
he would not jnnke his fight on the de
tails of the treaty and covenant but
would put thein before the psople as in
struments to prevent future wars. They
declared, however, that the president
hus not "warmed up" yet and that as
Lc i-.vojii.ised with his trip, his spucrhes
would become stronger.
Republicans took -the view that the
first two speeches dealt merely with
generalities. Some reply was expected
from the senate floor today but the real
ly warm long range exchanges were ex
pected to develop later. The repuon
cans resent the president's statement
that the treaty crites are apparently not
informed of what it contains, as tliey
believe they have studied it quite as
closely as the president. -That
little doubt is folt as to the suc
cess, of the covenant, is revealed by the
announcement of the league to' enforce
pence, stating that he organization com
mittee of the league on which Colonel
House represents the United States has
made "much headway tward making
arrangements for the first mcpting of
and diplomatic procedure as means of
settling disputes between nations.
Asserting that nine tenths of all in
ternational controversies arise over
questions pertaining to the possession
of sovcrigury and the conflicts of sov
ereign rights, Ljrnsiug advanced the
opinion ItMit the maudatory system
must stand the test of the legality of
Us sovereign rights. Jf the system is
not worked out from the legal point ot
view it will "result in confusion, he
Lansin? aroused keen interest when
he explained the processes by which
the commission reached its decision re
garding the fate of the former Ger
man emperor and others charged with
responsibility for the war.
Jn view' of Germany's conduct dur
ing the war, he explained the difficul
ty" in maintaining a strictly judicial
p'oint of view in arriving at decisions.
"In the end, he said, "it wa de
cided that a report could not be made
charginj the ka'iser with Segal crimin
ality for beginning the war or invad
, ing Belgium and Luxemburg. It was
(Continued on page four)
By L. 0. Martin
j (United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, Sept. 5. TliC"sesinte
treaty fight entered its final pints to
day. , -
Tho foreign relations committee has
finished work on the pact which Presi
dent Wilson submitted to tho senate
As sooii as the treaty can be reprint
ed for amendments and the report ou it
written, Senator Lodge will lay it be
fore the senate. This will occupy some
days and tho actual consideration of the
treaty, article by article, as required by
senate rules, probably will not begin for
more than a we.
As tho se.iite wiM receive it from the
committee, the treaty, will coutaiu sev
eraiiinportant changes in its toact, and
carry four reservations s. part ot the
resolution of ratification. - .
Adoption of these reservations lacs
yesterday, in a two hour committer sen
Mon. broke down inc linos wuicu n-ii
termed ou other quiv:0.is, when oena
tot Shields,. democra;, ' tea with I'-ie re
publican majority sa Javur of tin res
ervations and expressed sympathy with
the purpose of the fourth. ,
Senator McCumber, republican, who1
hus steadfastly refused to join his par
ty colleagues in amending the treaty
textually also votl for two of tho res
ervations and expressed the boiief tnal
without reservations -the treaty must
fail. "Tho real battle from now on, it,
is conceded by- both sides, will center
on the reservation. - " ,
The" majority report -of the commit
tee wilT"bo 'yotitminous. Senator1 Ledge
3.id today lie plans to discuss 'the
:.nienduicnts and reservations fhliy and
to ict forth tho reasons for then adop
tion... . ' ' ' r -'...'-....
i ollowiug submission of the majority,
report, Seuator Hitchcock, "ra.ikt ig
democrat of the comtnittee, will present
a minority report in which he will re
peat arguments tho administintion has
made against amendments or reserva
tions which will force re-submission ot
the treat' to other nations. - ;
The reservations proposed by the ma
jority would do this, for the resolution
of ratification in which they are em
bodied.tprovides that the senate's rati
fication shall not be effective until the
four reservations have ben affirmative
ly acted on by at least three of the other
lout principal powers, England, France,
Italy and Japan.
Upon this provision there will be,
senators' predicted, a tremendous strug
gle. Lodge and his supporters declare
it must be made part of the ratlnm.
tion so there can be no doubt tuat the
senate's interpretation of the treaty is
understood and accepted by the other
powers, or a majority of them.
President Wilson, however, und all his
supporters, have declared again and
agai:i that such re submission would
spell disaster to the treaty or delay the
actual operation of the peace settle
ment and might in the end overturn all
that has been done in Paris.
The reservations adopted cover with
drawal from the league, article 10, do
mestic questions and the Monroe doc
The first provides that the right of
the United States to withdraw, as pro
vided in article 1, shall not be condition
ed upon fulfillment of international ob
ligations or upon any other nations
"say so," as to whether this country
has fulfilled its obligation.
The second reservation exempts the
, United States from any obligation un-
dor article 10 of the league covenant to
guarantee tho territorial integrity or po-
' litical independence of any other na
tion, member o the league or not, by
force of arms Or economic boycott, un
less congress shall decide the cause re
quires American participation, and It
rcfuir. Acceptance by the United States
of a mandate for any nation, except by
Tiif ihiid reserves all domestic ques
tions. siLh as tariff, immigration and
co.tt vine traffic, to the jurisdiction o'f
the 1. mted States.
Th? tounh asserts that the Jionroe
doetrine will never be submitted by this
go -eminent io arbitration or to .nter
pretution by the league or foreign pow
The amendments to the text of the
Returning Shantung to Chimin instetd
of giving it to Japan; giving the Uni
ted States an equal number of votes
with Great Britain in the league assem
bly and providing that in event of size
or voting strength of the council shall
change, the United States shell have
votes equal to those of aiy other na-
(Continued on page two)
President Drops Customary
Soft Language la Speech
At St. Louis Today.
CHARGES POLITICS PUT
HIGH IDEALS IN SHADE
Wild Outbursts Of Cheering
St.- Louis,- Sept.- 5. ''Absolute con
temptible qunrers'' was rhc epithet ap
plied by President -Wilson :. this after
noon to those who refuse to go through
with America's program to end svll wars,
which Wilson believes can be accom
plished by means of the league of na
tions. -(,-.'-. v.
In a speech at the chamber of com
merce luncheon here, he bitterly , de
nounced those who seek to prevent the
Unitod States joining the league. ' i.jis
cnsBiug men .who declare -'tho United
States should not go jto wait to "pro
tett every little nnjiqn in, the world, "
the president said: . .
"Let them show me how they will
keep out-of war by not protecting .them.
Let. them showmo how -they will prove
ini;-i naving gun ui.n hu euivepnac,
they are not absolute contemptible quit
ters' if they don 't seo the game through.
"They joined. with the rest of us in
the profession of fine purpose whon we ,
went into the war. They went in and
they professed to go in to see that no
body after Germany. defeat should re
peat tho experiment Germany tried. ' '
, Outburst after outburst of cheering
punctured Wilson's attack on the treaty
foes. He spoke with vigor and stock
out his jaw, pounding on the rail for
"Those gentlemen are dreaming," he
cried. "They arc living in a past age,
which haa gone, and is all but forgotten,
when they say 'wc can mind our own
With regnrd to Shantung, Wilson said
ho believed Japan would fulfill its prom
ise to restoro the sovereignty of that
province to China.
If article 10 of the league, which
guarantes members of the league pro
tection against external aggression
should be tampered with, Wilson said,
he would feel like telling the American
soldiers of the world war that they had
been betrayed, because they fought to
ond war and war was not ended.
In conclusion, he solemnly warned
that failure of the treaty would mean
Text of Address.
St. Louis, Mo., Sept. o.Followii:g is
the text of the president's address:
"Mr. Johnson, your honor, Mr. Mayor,
Indies and gentlemen:
(Continued on page three)
Th' honeymoon is shot when you fere-it
an ' use a company- towel. Oliver
j Moots says he alius hates t' hit anythin'
'when he's- ridin' a motorcycle 'cause
I he has t walk back so fer t' git on
President Driving Plain and
Hard facts In His Addresses
To Constituents of Opponents
i By hngh BailUe .
(United Press staff correspondent)
St. . Louis, MO., Sept. 5,-Presidcnt
Vlsoa, driving through the territory
of opposition senators in his campaign
for ratification of the peace treaty,
arrived ia Sti Louis today, ready, to
maKo two speeches. i,, '"V , ...
Wilson ""has hfel fighting clothes
on:,"- it has iboen stated informally- on
his special train, and ho is. ready for
a roueh and tumble verbal tussle with.
opponents of the peace settlement. He
ia ready to "Moody tnem" according
to those close to him.
This change. In tuctics on the pres
ident 's part ' first became noticeable
last night at Indianapolis, where he
told those resisting the treaty to "put
up or shut up,'T and to koep quiet un
less they had a -better -plan than he be--lietos
iSi . to be for, preserving world
peace.V:,;i',':' ,-' ,'' '.' ? i: -: ' " ;
. Wilson.' lt.. was learned, is going to
put more such fighting phrases into his
discourses' hereatter, using Blang that
the people can understand to make him
Self more clear in contrast to his epi
grams of previous speaking tours.
Wilson o-Dviousiy is trying io mane
his addresses more like ."heart "to
heart" talks than orations. So far he
hag: mode no spectacular effort and
never has appeared like a declaimer.
What he wants to do, it was learned,
is to expound the treaty. He thinks it
is not generally understood; that those
who do not like it do not Know what
it's-all about, and going on this theo
ry, he intends to go . into minuto do
tails on many phases of It. '. . '.
In effect, ha says to' "is audiences
,"yquf senators don t understand this
document, so I 'm going to explain it
to you and. then you can tell your sen
ators how to vote on it."
This la the object of his journeys.
So far, he has talked! principally
about the league of nations. His trend
is that, with the league, war will pe.
made "violently improbable," while
without the league another war will
develop as soon as nations with pre
datory instincts have recovered from
tho last upheaval and feel that on op
portnntc. timo to strike has come.
Points in the league covenant and
the league terms which are open to
criticism are insignificant compared
with the single that the league is a
war preventative, in his opinion.
Wilson is laying emphasis on his con
tention that nations which violato the
'"league rules" can be forced to. sub
mit without the sacrifice Of a single
life in warfare. This could .be brought'
about, he believes, bv the application
of a boycott which would hermetical
ly seal the offending power, preventing
all intercourse with it. This, he says,
"is a terrible weapon," which is pro
vided under he covenant.
Tho president will devolop his line
of argument as he moves westward.
His advisers say ho is not even, using
shorthand notes now, but is talking
about what eomcs into his mind as he
faces each crowd. After every speech
he shows eagerness to get on to tho
next point and make another one.
He dislikes prepared speeches, be
lieving they lose their enthusiasm and
much of their forccfulness and "cool
off" before delivery.
: Another thing Wilson has sought to
drive home is that he is not seeking
to make the treaty a political issue.
He is touring as a democrat, ho said
at Indianapolis but as a democrat
with a small "d."
. "I would be ashamed to dlsenss this
matter as a democrat and not as an
American," he said at Richmond, Ind.
, Wilson is keenly anxious for his
worils to be placed before the largest
number of readers and he has frequent
ly asked little groups about tho rear
platform of his car to read his speeches
in the newspapers.
I ithouzh the president had no idea
of making rear platform speeches when
this tour -was launcd, it seems likely
he will deliver them in increasing num
ocrs. , .
i At every stop there are cries of "tell
us about it, Woodrow," from those
who cluster about his car. At first he
tried to na.s this off with talk about
the weather or about what a fine look-
ing town "you folks have here." Ap-1
pareatly he now believes, nowever,
that there is eoinotking to be gained
h- briefly addresdnir every handful
of voters that he can reach, and he has
besrun to respond to the demand for
"how about it, Woodrow tell us
something about it speech."
Woodrow is tho name most frequent
ly heard when crowds greet the presi
dent. "Wilson" is shouted, of coiire,
but manv eall for Woodrow" or
The women in the crowds evidently
want to see Mrs. Wilson more than
they want to see the president. Shrill
eries of "Mrs. Wilson show us Mr.
Wilson." rinii out over the men's bass
(Continued on page two)
Retiring As State Tax
CHARLES V. I ALLOW AY
Crowds Break Thru Lines Of
Guards And Sara To !
Side Of President
St. LoulsMO., Sept. ij.rrCrpwfls, which
cheered and with wa-vlng flags struggled
to break through police lines and swnrin
about his automobile, greeted President
Wilson hore today. ' '.,-.-..
The noise of voices mingled in tremen
dous shouts of welcome was continuous
all tho way from the outskirts of the
city where the presidential special strip
ped, to the hotel where Wilson wuit for,
a short Test before making his speech
at the Chambor of Commorco lucheon fle '
mundiug ratification of the pobce trea
Wilson's smile -wag always In evi
dence as he flourished his straw hat in
espouse, sometimes standing up in his
automobile to bow his appreciation
Ranks of troops from Jefferson ba-
racks presented arms as the prcsidtnt
and Mrs. Wilson stopped from the irnin
aB a military band played "The BUr
Spangled Banner.'.' The crowds t.t this
point rushed the lines of soldiers, good
naturedly jostled aside the boys 111 kha
ki who carried rifles with fixed bayo
nets and massed around Wilson 's ma'
chine striving to shake hands.
In addition to the people on tl t side
walks along tho route to the hotel, ev
ery window was filled and many wore
on the roofs.
Signs had been pasted In a number of
windows bearing such messages ad ''Tell
it to 'om Woodrow," and " Wc'ro tith
One automobile bearing a hugo pla
card demanding lifting of the war .line
(Continued of Pago Sovcn.)
SECRETARY OF COMMERCE
Redfield Leaving Post To Re
sume Private Business
Late In October.
Washington, Kept. 5. Secretary of
Commerce Redfield today announced
that he had resigned and expected to
quit his post tho latter part of Octo
ber. : - - ' ,'.' '
"Personal affairs requtro my atten
tion," said Redfield. "August 1, I
wrote to President Wilson asking re
lief .October 15. Later when I found
he was going to 'be gone during Sep
tember I offered to remain two weeks
Redfield told the president Kb wish
ed to finish the eensus organization,
hi annual report and financial esti
mates. These things have now been ac
complished. Redfield emphatically denied that he
was miffed because his ."pet plans"
had not been adopted.
said (here has been no quarrel or
I disagreement of any kind. Redfield
Tax Commissioner Tenders
Resignation To Olcott '
LOYELL APPOINTED TO 1
, SUCCEED TO POSITIOn
Retiring Official To Take U?
Work With Pcrtfed Sav-;
The latest in a series of . unexpected '
changes in official circles at the state
house came as a genuine surprise thi
morning in the resignation of Chns. V.
Galloway from the office of state taw-.
commissioner, . after mere than a de
cade' of efficient service. In his foe-.-.
inal letter to . Governor Olcott and.
Treasurer Hoff he states tha he wishes .
his resignation to become effective not
Inter tan Sept. 30, " and by way of
- " It is not without, a certain, feeling
of regret that I leave a position which
1 havo held continuously from the be
ginning of tho tax commission. Tho re- .
lntions and associations in and of tho
department have always been satisfac
tory and agreeable to me. The work
has- been much to my' liking and I
should be pleased to continue in tha
position. Permit me to express my sin
cere appreciation of the -uniformly kind
consideration received from you and
four predecessors in office. M,,9 , .'
"I have delivered nearly .elcvej
good years of my. yory'fcest' services t
the state of Oregon for $2500 per year.
The legislature refused to'inc.rcase the
salary and 1 haveconi'lnie(rt deliver. .
no more at that prii"?. I have accepted
a. oosition in the trust and bond depart
ment of the Hibernin Savings IHnnh
of Portland and shall move to that
city to taite tip my new Work in the
near future." ' ';
Mr. Galloway was first appointed
state tax commissioner March 2, 1900,
for a term of two years. Thi appoint
ment he received from 'Governor and.
Secretary of State, Frank W. Benson
and state Treasurer Geo. A. BtecI.
(Re-appointed: in 1911, for fonr yer
term, by ikivernor ;Wcs"t , and, Statu
Treasurer Kay, '
Re appointed in 1913 y Governor '
Withycombe, Secretary of, State. Ol
cott and State Treasurer Kayi
The legislature of Iftl? eliminated
one of the two appointive tax commis
sioners, without changing the duties,
of the commission and without any in
crease of salary for the remaining com
missioner. When this change became ef
fective May 21, 1917, Governor Withy
combe, Secretary of State Olcott and
State Treasurer Kay-unanimously elect
ei Galloway to continue as state tax
commissioner for a full term of four
years from that date. Tho appoint
ment under which he is now serving'
would therefore run to May 21, 1921.
iDiiriSjg tlul long . period! GoDloway
has been tax commissioner h has pre
pared tho annual assessments on near
ly 500 public service companies and
utilities, largo and small, with a total
valuation near $180,000,000 each year.
Only two appeals have ever been tak
en to tha courts from any of these as
sessments and in both of those. cases
the tax commission's findings remain
ed unchanged. ,
(Continued on page two)
mid he will enter business again. He
ha not determined just what tliis bus
i less will be. ; '
Bernard M. Baruch. ' chairman of ths
Hit industry -board, during -the war, is
mentioned in some quarters- as a pos
sible successor to Itedf'iold, although
it Is said Burucb has refused other of
fers of official positions. , v , J
Villa Surrounded States
Mexican Official Report
Gulvespn, Texas, Sept. 5. An offi
cial report, given out by the Mexican
consulate here today, declared Francisco
Vila, with a small force of men, has
Ihh u surorunded in a canyon In Iur.
go my federal forces under General Die
(,'uea. " . i
Diegnei' cavalry, wmeh has uocn pur
suing the Villa column, has killed,
wounded or captured - 275 Villistas in
two engagements with a Villa dotach
ment under Martin Lopez, the statemeut
said. Lopes is reported wouuded.