Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, September 03, 1919, Image 1

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    S 5250 CmClJLATION : 3
(25,000 BEADiJES DAILi")
Nc Only Circulation in Salem Quar-
nteed by the Audit Bureau of f
Circulations. sk
A o fl
VlMUVl stftg-wsto
Oregon: . Tonight and Tlilirs
day probably rain; cooler eabl
portion tonight; moderate south-
easterly winds. c
lTs4 s? , I' Of (:
' '
I U LI I Jl ill NI UII S
''- i
Action By United States Not
Likely; Aviator Wots Over
Line When Fired Upon.
' -. ..'t'.": ; " v :.
" . ". .." ', o " -
- Washington, Sept. 3. Doubt was exsed by high
officials here today as to whether this gvVfc'nment will
be in a position to take any action against " co, if it is
found that Captain D, W. McNabb, an avia 4ot yes-
t,eruay, was nymg over Mexican sou.
Unofficial dispatches
from Laredo
state Mexican officials declare that is
the case, v- ,- i ,-. . . a
While there, is no interim tional law
governing flying, it was the custom m
European' countries prior to the out
break of tho war to firo upon foreign
flvitors who crossed international boun
daries without permission. This was due
-to a constant fear of spies.
: ;Althougli having this precedent be
fore them, officials pointed out that in
the case borwen Mexico and tliin enim.
try it might be regarded differently be
cause forces of both governments are in
search of bandit.
-. General Admits Shooting. -
Laredo, Texas, Bept. ' 3.-Ciiptaiu
Ikivid V; MeXabb "wo olie kilometer
across the border, flying over Mexican
; territory wlien shot- yesterday by Mcx
ian soldiers,. General Keyualdo Garza,
commander of the Cnrrunza garrison at
ffuevo Laredo, declared today,
General nrzn in a statement made
public through the Mexican -consul i:i
J redo ,admittcd-the shooting was done
Ay soldiers of a Careanza. outpost
Colonel B. ,B. Buck, oc.mmandec of the
Laredo district, said he had received no
iHstructidiw from Major, General Dick
man, commander of he soutliem depart
ment, to pursue thoso guilty of the at-,
tack yesterday. - Colonel Buck said ali
that is known of tho attack is that the
firing came from a point whore outposts
of Carranza soldiers were known to be
located.. The Mexican consul said he
heard "detrimental reports" but he did
Met believe Mexican soldiers were re
ajonsible. ....., ...
B. J. Ijeyendecker, county tax assessor
of Webb county, wlio was on his farm
sixteen miles northwest of Laredo when
Captain McNabb arid Lieutenant John
son, his pilot landed there after trie
shooting, told the United Press hero to
day lie could furnish evidence by nu
merous witnesses that the Americans
were not on the Mexican sido of the
- i,eyena!cKcr satu many persons on bis
farm saw the tairplane, flying a I low
itltitudc along tho contours of San x.
h creek toward the Bio Grande when
-the Mexicans opened fire. Ho said
these witnesses declared the Mexicans
fired scores of shots from the Mexion
side of the Rio Grande and that the
plane swerved immediately and started
wwarus nis ra-ncu nouse.
- Numerous residents of the village of
San Isabel also witnesses the shooting,
Leyondccker Baid, and .will swear the
plane was over American soil when t
Carranzistas opened fire.
General Graza's statement declares
that immediately on learning of the inci
dent the general proceeded, to the spot
jitfnr tho mouth of San Isabel creek, on
-- (Continued on page three)
Gity Health Officer of New
York Warns Against Lighter
Epidemic of
New York, Kept. 3. (United Pi ess)
A minor epidemic of influenza i prac
tically inevitable throughout Americt
this fall, according to Dr. itoynl S. Cope
Jand, commissicner of hoatth for New
York City.
Influenza epidemics have " always
swept countries in pairs, uccordu.g to
Commissioner Copeland. The last o.-io in
America prior to la-st winter was in 1891
which was the minor'appendagc to the
major epidemic of 1890.
Dr. Copeland looks for the cpiocmic
til it yi'tr to be much lighter than tiiat of
1918, though minor epidemics arc often
as, had as tho major phase. This was
true cf 1891, ho say. But the tact that
.n !.. .4 . .
at. mini. rwjJitr utit; diiltu u iu . j -at
ves added immunity this year.
Speaking to- the United Pros,. Dr.
Copeland said: "I have u doubt but
that we will have another epidemic this
year, though Infinitely less violeai than
last year's, when practically every per
wh was affected.
"Seveuty per cent of last year' vic
Organizer Of Western Spruce
Association Testifies Be
fore Committee Today. ?
Dunn Or Bradstreets Reports
Necessary To Cain Aud
ience Is Claim.
Portland, Or., Sept. 3 (United Press)
Thomas Sweeney, who organized tiie
Western Spruce association, testified be
fore the congressional committer on
spruce investigation this morning that
te warmed General Brice P. Disirue that
a combination was being formed to
"trim the government.'.'.... ,
The purpose of these intorcsts, said
Sweeney, was to induce tho government
to build railroads into their timbor,' of
which not more than 10 per cent was
spruce, with the view of securing trans
portation Tor future operation; He did
r.'t name the interests to which no re
ferred. "Disque said he wouldn't have his
character assassinated," went on Swee
ney. "I told him I was giving him a
tip, but that he was either in on the
' f rume, ' or was being played for a
sucker. "
The witness stated ho tried to log
spruce on a non-profit basis, and that
other small loggers tried to do so, but
all became discouraged.
"You nave to come with your card in
your hand and a Du in or Bradstreets re
port showing you were worth from $2,
000,000 to $10,000,000 to get n hearing, "
declared Sweeney. .
He said Disque, tho commander of the
(Continued on pago four)
Flu This Year
tims were between the ages of fifteen
and forty-five, probably due to the faet
that so many men were in t.'aluing
camp. ;' . - ."
"My only fear is tliat it will attack
another age group this year. Apparent
ly the germs develop an appetite for
certain kind of food and ehoose people
of a certain age,- though there is no
known explanation for the attraction to
certain ages."
Asked what could be done to piepare,
Dr. Copula nd prescribed " soap ana wat
er and fresh air."
"Inflninza is essentially a house dis
ease," he said.. "Apparently it needs
loug continual contact to become infect
ed. - It is not like smallpox, which you
could get in a minute. Yon have to live
with influenza to get it.
"It naturally follows that out-of-door
life, sleeping with windows open regard
less of the weather, takiug exercise, and
(Continued on page two)
Break To Come Within Next
Few Months He Tells Con
gressiond Committee, j
Paris. Sept. 3, A tremendous drop
in food price in the United States may
bo expected in the next few months,
Herbert Hoover said in continuing his
testimony ibeforo the congressional
committee investigating rar" expendi
tures. The speculators have reached the
end of fheir powers, floover declared,
and are no longer to maintain corneiw
in stocks, owing to Europe's inability
to, purchaso . Americai's over (produc
tion. . : .. . . 'j v ,.' 1 . -
' ' Warehouses in -Anistcrdam, Botter
dam, Copenhagen and Stockholm ore
now - full of foodstuffs from Ameri
ca," he said, " but no outlet exists, as
the countries needing food are unable
to pay for it at present prices,
;- "Speculators of the entiro world are
responsible f oi the present high prices,
through hoarding n anticipation uf Eu
ropean demands, Which have not de
veloped. . Tlie,- American government
must interveno by grunting credits 'to
the nations needing food, as well as
by fixing maximum and minimum pric
es in the' United States. 4 -i
" An extremely dangerous situation
will result in case the United States
government- does not assist producers
in finding outlets for their goods. Dur
ing the war American products, of all
kinds increased, threa fold. Unless there
are permanent markets for these- pro
ducts a terrible -reaction Is inevitable,,
counteracting -allth production in.
ceMivea which,; caused the present ."efficiency.-
' . ..'
."American farmers are entitled to the
greatest consideration. After government-stimulation,
their production
must be guaranteed markets.'.'
Hoover maintained that he had no
knowledge of the , war . department 's
surplus food stoeks in April, before
his purchase of large- quantities for
Italy. He said .he weald have bought
from, the war department if 'he had
known the circumstaaces. "''
Willamette Valley Crop Is Es
timated To Be 45,000
Bales Or Less.
Abused, . discredited, ostrnciscdr-the
Oregon hop has still the satisfaction of
belonging to - the aristocratic clar's of
commodities. The latest market quota
tions show hops, selling at CO and 54
cents, with the old crop so thoroughly
cleaned up that toy. the time the crop
of 1919 comes into market there will
'be tho emallest stock of hops in Ore
gon ever known in the history of the
iudtistry. It is estimated that 75 per
Cent of the Willamette valley crop ef
1919 has already been disposed of on
contract, some of the consignments be
ing based on a priee of 55 cents. These
rigurcs look like a mince pie dream
to some of the old growers and dealers
of Salem who can recall the days
when hops went 'bc-ging in this city
at 6 cents a pound. Ouu prominent
grower this morning ventured the opin
ion that the price would go to (JO cents
on uccount of the shortage both, in this
counry ainl.iu Europe. Hence the Ma
rion county grower who happened to
have his acreage on favorable ground
will be in the same class with the man
who has struck oil.
A to the yield, the grower's have
narrowed down their estimates of a
'few weeks ago, when they figured that
Oregon would produce 50,000. JjbIcs.
Thoy, now make . guess at ,45,000
bales possibly less, for the CTop is
not only a""top crop" as a result of
three years drouth, but the western
edges in some yards show sunburn. It
is believed that 1200 pounds to the
acre will be an average yield this
year, though there are some favored
locations, like the Mitoma ranch, where
hops will pick as high as -'000 pounds
to the amv
In some of the yards the "baby"
hops have already focen picked, and
pickinw will be generally under way
in nil the- yards this week. Thus far
there has been no difficulty in secur
ing pickers, for most of the growers
are offering $1.20 a hundred pounds.
St. Louis. Mo. Loud ;ores emating
from & garage made neighbors believe
omeining was aioui. roiice investiga-i in road t soecess nam t so luun
lion brought out the fact that two sleep-'you know when t' sidestep, fa' Cin
v.s were guarding the remnants df t9 einnati Bods wuz about th' lat things
omeining was aioui. roiice investiga
i. O IV'.' " ' "'
. Washington, Sept. 3. - Tho
"round table" conference be- .
tween capital and kbor will be
held at the Vtlnte House be-
& tween October j and 10, it was
announced today. ft
About' forty will be jnvjted
by President Wilson to attend
. .tho conference. The . president
, is sending letter to, the "United
States Chamber of Commerce,
Jt the American Federation of La-
bor, represent atlve.? agricultural
t associations and ; investment
bankers, asking them to' submit
(: - names for his consideration. 'In
" addtiorf tir delegates-selected, in-
' this way tho president will elect '
, others from the country at largo. .
v Invitations will be sent by the
president while he is ou his
' speaking trip. ( se
v-v ; '
Actahistnitisn Leader Opens
Fight For Ratification la
t ' Speech Today.
i Says Possibility Of Allies Ac
cepting Keservabons To
Pact Is Nil.
Washington, Sept. 3. Deeluriuf; that
s"iiators who demand amendment of the
peace treaty proposo on "insane inter
natoinal policy," in which "poltroonery
and fallacy" ui so mixed it is difficult
to gee which predominates, Senator
Hitchcock, : administration spokesman,
tpday in a senate speech opened the
fight for unqualified ratification of the
Amendment will not only kili the
treaty, but will involve the United
States in enormous lasses and dangers,
Hitchcock declared. Those demuuding
ameudme'tsj ho sind, appear not to real
ize the pdvantages derived by the Uni
ted States from the peace settlement.
"Suppose the senate should vote in
favor of the Slitiitnng amendment or
aiiy other, whnt would happen?" asked
Hitchcock. ."Inevitably one of two
things would happen cither the presi
dent would refuse to go further w,ith the
treaty ar.d put it in one of the pigeon
holes of tho atatc department occupied
by other treaties that have been aban
doned, or he would submit the amend
ment to the nations associated with the
United States in the war for considera
tion. .
"Does anyone believe they would ac
cept itt Does nnyono suppose that Ja
pan herself would submit to this humil
iation before the eyes of the world?
I cannot conceive that any intelligent
and candid man would assume tny such
thing as a possibility. . ;
Japan is now in control of German
(Continued on page three) .
Th road t' success hain'f'ao tc;iigh if
Cczscil Orders Action To
Compel Railroad To Erect
Crossing Marker.
The. city of Salem will bnn' suit
against the public service coinuuhsiou,
asking that the commission be compell
ed to rcversft itself in refusing to order
the' Southern .Pacific railroad to place
signals at the crossing of Capital and
Union streets, known to bo a' dangerous
crossing. , "
j When the commission acted a " few
months ago on tho petition of tho city
to have these signals installed at this
crossing, it not only refused, but took
the trouble in insinuate a lot of things
against the city artd its negligence in
enforcing the law. At -the-meeting of
the council last 'evening by a vote ol
fivo to three, City Attorney B. Wi Macy
was instructed to bring suit. Those In
favor wero Halvorscn, Moore, Scotr,
Schunke aud Wiest. Those opopscd to
bringing suit wero Utter,' linger nud
Volk. -
Damages amounting to $200 were ask
ed" of the city by H. Sproed -of -2590
Cherry avenue, for taking a space about
15 feet, wide through his five ccie tract
tft put. in the sewer which will' connect
the Valley Packing comprtny with tho
city sewer. Ho had-wheat planted on
the tract and he figures that ht was
damaged $200 when a strip j oi ' this
wheat was ruined while digging Jhft sew
er. Tho council thought Mr. Sproed had
his figues a little .'Joo; high and, ir com
mitte, was appointed to inv-cstigulo, on:
sisti'ng-pf Wiest, Maoca anxl-.Volk.
Harry K. Hutton, chief ol.the fealcm
fire department, "Was -allowed for
expenses to attend the state, f iio and
wutftn conference at Pbrtlalid September
1518. He had asked just for a icavo of
absence for three days and was n-iiling
to pay his "own expenses, tout Alderman
Volk thought the city big enough to
treat .its firemen, generously, unu the
$20 expense money was then allowed, on
motion of Alderman -Moore .- . ,
-. -Joseph H. Albert was allowed rebate
Of $25.27 on street improvement tax on
a lot in the Oak street improvement, dis
trict.. Tho figures of tho city engineer
showed that Mr. Albert had been assess
ed some frontage that did not belong to
tho lot. : . f : : ; ,
Unsigned reports troubled the coun
cil in its deliberations last -evening.
With'' only eight members of tho council
present, a number of reports were read,
but no action taken as those who hud
made the reports had failed to sigh. Jr
this reason the ordinnnco regarding the
night watchman and the contract for
electric lighting and several minor mat
ters were not acted on. .
. Tho Montague O'lteilly company. own
a number of city warrants on the High
street.improvemeut fund, some of which
are seven years past duo and no princi
pal or interest paid. As thero is $012.91
in a fund that can bo applied to onu of
the $1000 warrants, the council approved
the motion that the city treasurer be
ordered to pay this $012.91 on the $1000
bund with $190 accrued Interest, end is
sue a bond for the difference. There was
an intimation that if the city would not
pay anything on these outstanding war
rants, that. Montague O'Beilly company
might feel constrained to bring suit
against te city, as the Clark-llcnery
Construction company has done.
Alderman Harold Hager of the first
ward broke up the session while an ordi
nance was. being read providing for the
appointment of Karl Hace us purchasing
agent for the city nt a salary or 30 a
month. It requires eight aldermen to
transact business and there was just this
number present. Having other matters
more important than a council nueting,
Mr. Hager slipped out at 8:30 o'clock
and his absence was not noted uiitil the
new ordinance had almost been read.
Then it was discovered that a quorum
was not present, and thoro was nothing
to do but to adjourn, right in the mid
dle of the session.
Due to resignations, illness, absence
from the city and various other causes,
the city council has had hard sledding
this year and meetings are adjourned
from time to time. Present lit the ad
journed session last evening were Mayor
Otto J. Wilson, Aldermen Hager, Hal
vorscn, Moore, Hchunke, Scott, Utter,
Volk and Wiest.
Los Angeles,' Cnl., Sept. 3. Dee
Lampton, screen comedian, died at his
home here yesterday after a bri f ill
ness. HiB death followed six n.oiithB
after the death of "Slim" Fit.geitld,
hi nartnor. Lamnton stood five feet
) tall and Fitzgerald towered to six feet
right. .
President Leaving Washington
on 10,000 Mile Speaking ;
Tour This Evening.
By Hugh Baillie
(United Press Staff1 Correspondent)
Washington; Sept. 3. President Wilson leaves Wash
ington this evening on a 10,000 mile speaking tour of the
United States in an effort to convince the people that the
peace treaty should be ratified as it stands. :
Commercial Development Of
Harbors Promises To Be
Initial Result
Daniels Urges Business Or
ganizations"; To Support
Proposed Projects.
By M. D. Tracy
(United Press Staff Correspondent.) '
Han Francisco, Sept. 3,-rTho Pacific
codst Is soon to "see practical proof of
the contention that & navy can bring re
sults for peace as well as wnr,
The organization of the Pacific fleet
will bring this proof. .
Commercial development, such as Sec
retary .Daniels promised yesterday -is
the confidently expected result by busi
ness men everywhere, . Tho first requi
site to the proper., mninteilouue "of the
fleet as an efficient fighting unit is
gooil harbors. , It must have hurbors to
work atid pluy "ill, harbofs for repairs
and harbors for training stations and
supply bases.
.This means harbor development.
Channels must bo widened and deepened
and docking facilities must be increased.
And the deepening of u chunnel for
the navy benefits the merchant marine
as well. Shipping interests will bo
quick to take advantage of this develop
ment. ,
At San Diego harbor there is a sand
bank, according to naval officers, which
should be taken out
The naturo of Improvements needed
(Oontinued on page two)
Life Insurance Records Show
Mortality Rate During 1918
Excessive; Influenza Blamed
New York, Sept. S. The rate of mor
tality which American life insurance
companies had to meet in 1!1K was
about 1)2 percent greater than 1917
und 14 percent higher than tho aver
age death rate for a score of years.
This is the statement in a summary
made public today by tho Insurance
Press, reviewing the life insurance dis
tributions last year by insurance or
ganizations operntiug in the United
Htntcs and Canada, including the trans
actions of the 'bureau of war risk in
surance of tho United States govern
ment. ten persons died from influenza for
each American soldier killed in battle,
the report declares, placing the number
of influenza deaths at a half million.
(Stating that influenza was mainly
rcspoarflblo for the ' increase in the
number of deaths, the report continues:
"Thirty lite insurance companies
paid 9.1,OOft,00O more thnu in 1917
for death claims aiid endowments. The
increase in death loss paid by legal
reserve companies was .approximately
lii,ODO,000 in the United Statos and
to solidify " public
opinion in favor of the treaty ss) that
pressure will be brought to bear on np
positlon senators from their homo terri
tories to change their, attitudes,
In this- endeavor to create an lrrvaist
le, demand,, for quick ratification, .the
president, it was learned ' today, will -,
make bald statement of what he con
siders the facts, rather than oratorical
tiiorts. v "- ' . ,
His Itinerary calls for invasion of tho
rtntes of some of his principal Appjncnts
in the senate. Most of his speeches will
bo delivered west of Chicago, -where tho
iidnun'stration believes antipathy to Ih
tiPUy is strongest." Special attention Is
to be devoted to tho Pacific coast, wlifru
the people, according to their seiu.toi,
are suspicious of Japanese and resent
ful of Shantung settlement, whoruoy Ja
pan gets important grunts in China. In
addition to bis speeches on tho coast, tho
president will review.. the Pacific fleet
nt Seattle, September '13. ' . s
One of Wilton's arguments for nlift-
it : i . i, l . ii., , .i.
unrest and high prices era cannot end
until real peace is established J'jroiih
aaptance pf the treitty. He pUr.s to
explain, his reasons-for Committing tile
United HtafHP to the league of nations,
and bi fact makes pocsonal report to
the American people an his work at Far
is., telling them the whys" and
The president 's inddrCHses have not,
been prepared in advance, duo to pressure-of
other dnfics at the White. House.
He . will speak extemporaneously from
shorthand notes, which ho will jot down
on the train. When his opponents in tho
senate reply, ho will take issue with
them, making tho treaty fight u sort of
nation-wide, debate: T"
Wilson will be accompanied by morn
flian n 'score of newspapermen, us well
as n corps of photographers and ;t bat
tery 'fcf motion picture" cameras. A fw
days after each speech the episodes con
nected with it will be flushed ou-iksu-snnds
of movie screcns'nH over the eoun
fry. Representatives, of, telegraph com
panies will be pn" the .train .16 arrango
for wire facilities' so the president's
words may be quickly placed before the
millions that cannot actually hoar hint
speak. ' ' : . . . .
Secretary Tumulty is in tho party.,
aro Mrs. Wilson, Dr. Cnry Orayson, tho ,
president 's physician; Gilbert M. Close,
his chief stenographer and other mem
bers of the White House establishment.
The secret service operatives are
headed by Joseph Murphy, aasit.tant
chief of tho service. Murphy has accom
panied Wilson on all his journoys, In-
I eluding the European trip. These men,
to whom is entrusted the task of pro-
(Continued on paije three)
Canada on lives under the age of fif
ty." ' - . '
The Insurance Press confirms a re
port of the Connecticut Insurance epm
pany that war claim j meaning all
deaths suffered ly men in the service,
not including Influent, were equiva
lent to about a six-percent increase
over normal mortality.' On that basin
the war losses by life insurance com
panies of tho United States In 191H
ainoonted to $23,000,000.
War mortality, it is slaten, will con
tinue in a decreasing proportion for
from five to ton years, inasmuch as
wounds, d:seaes contracts effeet or
poison gas, shell shock, etc., will im
pair manv lives.
Tuberculosis, it is said, was tho ba
sis of nearly fifty percent of all claims
by one compnBy . under, the total dis
ability provision of it policies, while
only four percent resulted from acci
dents. It is pointed out that despite
.the persistent war against it, 1J0109
(Continued on pac three)
He will , attempt