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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 2, 1919)
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Oregon: Tonight probably rain
west portion, fair and warmer
east portion; Wednesday proi-
ijLy t ably rain and cooler; moderate
nmirinrlv win do.
FORTY- SECOND YEAR NO. 207.--EIGHT PAGES.
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1919.
PRICE TWO CENTS
OM.TRAMB AND KaYWtf
STANDS YtTM GENt
x i .ii if 1 1 .. it ii.iiiiii.fi ii hii m iy il i i i i i i i i . ii i ii i i i ii i ii ii i i i i i
Workers To Urge System Of
Collective Bargaining At
LEADERS FEE WILSON'S
SYMPATHY IS WITH THEM
Chance To Discuss Working
Conditions And Wage In
By Kalpu T. Couch ,
(United Press staff correspondent)
Washington, Sept. 2. Tho right to
organize and 'bargain collectively with
respect to wages and working condi
tions will bo the principal point organ
ized labor will press at the "round ta
ble" industrial conference to be called
by President, Wilson, leaders here
" agreed today. "" j
Labor leadors feel they will havo
; the President with them in this de
mand and there is belief among some
of 1 thorn that the president may go
"It is the only .way the workers can
obtain justice," said Secretary John
. Scott of the railway department, Am
erican Federation of Labor.- ' We '11
endorse the conference plan if it givos
us the right to discuss hotter working
conditions and increases with officials
of the post office clerks' union.
-."It 8 just what the steel workers
are contending for," said James Egan
editor of tho Weekly INews Letter of
the American Federation of Labor. :
(franting of the proposal by repre i
oontatives of the employers will bring
ouick action and lagrocment at the
conference, labor loaderg say. "
Some favor having organized labor
make accession to the proposal a con
dition on its participation in the con
ference. Most leaders, however, be
lieve the demand should be put forth
, after the conference convenes.
Leaders plan to begin soon a series
of formal conferences, at which points
in thoir - program will bo framed. Lo
cal leaders may be called "to attend
the conference from all parts of the
The president lias not yet indicated
how the conference shall ibe constitut
ed. One problem on which the presi
dent is .studying, it was learned today,
is whether the representatives of the
public shall be' named to attend the
preliminary meetings of the conference
or whether he shall represent the pub
lie. As another alternative, the presi-
dent mieht call on both capital and
labor to send representatives and then
,iaT -P, "J' u '" Ir.V
Officials in touch with the presi-
Hmt iVtnliAira ho will ciHnnt thrt firct
....... .. ... ..... ..... . -
' " ., r." -- --- , . , ,
""r VV r V V; ii0U9 lart3 of the state, but none is
would attempt to mediate differences , , ' considered ser;ous'
and promote a more fnandljr feeling , The -n fc ffl
between labor and capital. Out of ;th; been controlled, and the Fall creek
meeting then would grow the bigger b,aze .g muoh .; ved
industrial congress , Forpat officiB,g have reported the
,1 resident Bert M. Jewell I and other dUappearance of Thomas Plunkett,
off.cials of tl.e ra.lway department, on8'0 jh crew f firc fi fc .
American federation of Labor today employed in the McKen.ie dis-
annonnccd they are prepared to tnketri nPir Eugene. A search of the
Secretary Daniels Justifies
Division of America's Naval
Force In San Francisco Talk
8a n Francisco, Sept. 2. Secretary of
the iNavy Daniels justified the divis
ion of American forces into Atlantic
and Paeific fleets n an address here
He pointed out that, the Pacific
fleet, when all its units have arrived,
will comprise 525,000 tons, as against
the entire American fleet of 225.000
tons that went around the world in
1007 at the direction of Theodore
Itoosevelt. , . -.
"When we remember," he said,
"that we will have a minimum of
eight dreadnanghts and eight pre
drendnaught battleships with 108 de
stroyers, a large number of submarines
and the necessary train to support
thiir activities, in 'each ocean, the
weakest unit of which is very much
superior to the corresponding unit of
'9S, the division of the fleet can be
justified in the eyes of tho strictest
of naval strategists. ''
aniels nnid a tribute to the fore-
thought of Theodore Roosevelt. Refer-
rin to the fleet's voyage 'round the
world he said: .' -
"It was a wise act on the part of
President Roosevelt, in keeping with
Itafca King Aracuncces
Crown Lands To Be wen
To Peasants And Heroes
Milan, Sept 1 (United Press)
King Einannel took ,' another
: step, a significant one, along the
path of democracy today when
he informed Premier Nitti, ac-
', cording to an official announce-
' inent, that he intended to re'in
Sc , quish all the crown lauds through
out Italy for the benefit of the
peasantry and the "combatants
for Italian unity." , ,
- The official announcemtnt
states that the king renounces
possession of - the buildings on
these Iniuls in favor of chnrii-
able institutions and organise-
tious whose aim is to mitigate -
the sufferings which have fob
lowed in the wake of the war.
The king also announced that
in tho future his own private
property would be taxed the '
same as that of conraoners. . &
Art, ItAN AVIATOR
VOT BY MEXICANS
Captai j avid McNabb Dan
gero ? Wounded When
Flying Near Border.
Laredo, Texas, . Sept. 2.-Captain
David B. McNabb, commander second
flight Eighth aero squadron, was shot
and dangerously wounded by Mexican
soldiers today, while flying over tne Rio
Grande river near tho llexienn border.
About 25 soldiers were in tho Mexican
party, Captain McNabb said. More than
100 shots were fired by the Mcxieivns.
Lieutenant Johnson, mechanician, who
was with Captain McNabb, was not hit.
McNabb was flying at a low altitude,
67 miles northwest of Laredo, near the
mouth of San Isabel creek, when ho saw
the Mexicans, he said. Before tho air
plane could' ascend the Mexicans opened
" The aitplane wag riddled, -.pub .bullet
struck McNabb back of the car.,
MoNabb managed to 'guide tiie plane
to American soil, where he lauded Cm
the 'ranch of Leyondecker Mulknlly an
AinorreKU. He .was taken into the farm
er's house and officials at Fort Mcin
tosh notified. An airplane with an army
physician was rushed to the farm and
McNabb 's wound treated. He was rush
ed back to tho fort.
. A report of the affair was immediately-forward
to tho. war department at
Reports of firing at border air patrols
has been current for several days. Both
Mexican soldiers and customs guards are
said to have fired at the airmen;
The incident has caused intense
eitement in Laredo and vicinity.
Rains Bring Forest Fires
In Oregon Under Control
Portland, Ore., Sept. 2,-Forest fires
n q pctaU,. un,lrr ,,ontrol
I . . . '
j aue to the recent rains.
i mazes are still smoldering in var-
woods i.as failed to reveal a trace of
the man, who was last seen August 27.
his wisdom in tho construction of the
Panama canal. 1 ,
Bauiels explained that the building
of the canal mado -possible the Pa
cific fleet. v
"The canal," he said, "by saving
of time through its use, will permit
the concentration of the two fleets in
either ocean in time to meet the ene
my fleet, and more important than
that, by savin the time of transfer
and concentration, and thus forewarn
ing an enemy that it will be an united
fleet he will have to meet and not one
half of it, will go & long way towards
One of the most important effects
of the division of the fleet with its
annual concentration for drill in one
ocean or the other, Daniels said, will
be. "the education-of the navy, ron
Eress and the people, to the necessity
I of having (complete naval bases for
(the maintenance of the whole fleet in
My developing naval bases, he said
wi" a,il1 t0 ,he stI"enetll''of ii,e
j ; -
- (Continued on page two)
Cummins Measure Also Asks
Government Control And
Labor Sharing Plan.
STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS
GIVEN CRIMINAL STATUS
Proposal Would Create Com
mittee Representing Cap
ital And Employes.
Washington, Sept. 2. Private owner
ship and operation of the railroads un
der strict government supervision with
labor sharing in management and earn
ings, is provided in a bill introduced to
day by Senator Cummins, chairman of
the senate interstate commerce commit
tee. t '. '. ' ' ' ' ' ' ';' ''
Strikes and lockouts are made crimi
nal offenses by tho bill ,aud elubornte
provisions for participation of pmpioyes
in fixing- wages and working conditions
are made. " . " ' ' '
A joint committee on wages and work
ing conditions, on which both sides arc
equally represented, is created.
A railway transportation board with
sweeping powers over tho roads is pro
vided. The interstate commerce con.
mission would be given complete author
ity over issue of stocks and bonds and
determination of a fair return.
The road would bo .returned the last
dny of the mouth in which, the Uiii be
comes a law. . ii".
i!The bill also provides fori Y ,-.
'- Ultimate ro-orgSTHaation.of the. toads
into 20 to 35 competitive systems.
Employes and public, each to have two
members on boards of directors.
Excess earnings to be used, one half
for purchase of equipment by tho rail
way board, to be leased to roads, and
tho other half to bo administered by an
employes' advisory council for establish
ing & svstem or protit sharing lor ein
ployes, improvement of working condi
tion invention of safety devices, lech
nical education of employes and to sup
plement employes' pensions and msur
. The railway board would have broad
powers in re-routiug traffic, compelling
joint use of terminals1 and suggesting
improvements in sorvice generally.
The .Cummins bill is the result of
weeks of conferences between liiiway
officials, financiers and labor leaders
with a special sub-committee of the sen
ate. The bill is rocommended by he
(Continued on paee foui)
HOOVER SAYS PRICES
ON FOOD ARTSFICAL
Failure Of Allies To Lift
Blockade Over Central
Europe Also Blamed.
Paris, Sept. 2. Iligh food costs in
America are entirely duo to failure of
the allies to lift tho blockade against
central Kuropo immediately after the
armistice, Herbert Hoover declared to
day in testifying before the American
congressional committee investigating
Food supplies now held in the Unit
ed States are greater than at any time
since 1913, Hoover said. This was
proof, he added, that he present hlgn
costs are artificial.
"The delay in lifting the blockade,"
Hoover said, "caused speculators to
corner foodstuffs and hold them, ex
pecting that tremendous demands
would arise from central Kurope when
the embargo was lifted. In the mean
time, the countries on that part of the
continent bought to tho fullest extent
through the economic -council of he al
lies. TI119 exhausted their gold reserve,
rendering further purchases impossible
when the blockade was finally lift
Spanish War Veterans In
Session At San Francisco
San Francisco, Sept. 2. Memories of
the day when tie now obsolete battle
ship Oregon was the pride of the navy
are being recalled today with the open
ing of the 21st annual national en
campment of United .Spanish War vet
More than ZUUU
nd many visitors are attending the e rod, but no quart. Hell Binklej bad a nent business man, who is to he. txtra
. .;?. ill -r.,.ti ihrauoh Vri- stroke o' :iiwnlexy filer while iruiucin'- ditcd from Portland, Or., and whoso
iCarranza Warns Foreign
Nations Against Trycg
To Force Mexican Hand
Mexico CSty, Sept. l.-r(Uai-tcd
Press.) Mexico will ma-attain
her . sovereignty ' ' unhai u:-
cd" and -"absolutely cannot ac-".
ccpt any limitations on the lib-.
erty of Mexican citizens, .Pres
ident Cnrrnnza declared toniyat 1
in his mcssnge- before the open
ing of congress.
Carranza . warned diplomatic
representatives . stationed in
Mexico to caution their nation
als against "occasions of con
flict.'.' : The: Mexican govern
ment, he said, was making evciy
effort to establish order in the
country and pointed to condi
tions, which he declared marked
an appreciable . improvement.
The president affirmed Mexico '
intention, of fulfilling her obli
gations to foreign countries. ,
"The law-recognizes damage
to foreigners, ", Carraazat 3iid,
"and the ' governuient will in
demnify such." :
-.Carranza cited four cases of
Conditions along tho Ameri
can border, damago to foroign
property in Mexico, injury to
foreigners on Mexican -soil, and
conditions Which had resulted
from revolutionary legislation.
3t Sc ff c , 4c 4c 5jc 3(C iSC
President says Government
Doirii? EverVthin? Possible
To Protect lives & Pro
perty Within Borders.
. Mexico City, Sept. 2.-SpcaUing of
the attacks on foreigners and the dam
ago to foreign property in his i.-ddress
to the Mexican congress last night!
President Carranza said:
"It is impossible for any government;
especmlly following u-'rovolution to pre
vent in all portion of its territory of
fenses agniiiBt foreigners. The efficacy
with which the government has punish
ed persons guilty of offenses against
foreigners is more significant respecting
Mexico than the United States can un
derstand on account of the inequality of
conditions under which tho people of one
country commit offenses against (be cit
izens of miother country.
"The respectability of Mexico before
other countries has been guarded with
the energy and prudence demanded by
international conditions. The work of
the indemnification commission is pro
gressing and a law 1ms been introduced
providing reparation for damages caused
by highwaymen, when not caused by the
imprudence of the persons injured.
The fomth cause of contact, tho pres
ident added, implied limitation on na
'The government endeavors to re
spect and consolidate existent righln but
it absolutely cannot accept any limita
tion on the liberty of Mexican c.'tUens,
who control their own power necessi-
tacs. A conciliatory spirit and a deter
mination for harmony compatible with
the law will be exerted m order to con
quer the difficulties which arise, but we
shall maintain our sovereignty unharm
(Continued on page two)
ABB MAE TIN
Houirc Marsh Swallow has a haadsoinciof Attorney Oscar Lawler. The jury will
' new sidit bamboo nickel trimmed castin''
at a auto repair bill.
"Big Five" Responsible For
Losses To Stock rroduc-
, ers,Says Capp 1;
MARKET MANIPULATION y
CHARGED BY SENATOR
Price Break Blamed Upon
Packers As Effort To De
Washington, Sept. 2. Demand
that witnesses be put under oath
when testifying op, bills to regulate
. the packers before the senate agri
cultural committee was made today
by Senator Eenyon, Iowa and sup
ported by Senator Kendrick, Wyom
ing. By Raymond Clapper . i
(United Press Staff Correspoiiaeu.
Washington, Sept. 2. Virtual packer
control of five livestock markets is re
sponsible for heavy lassos to producors
during the last ten days, senator cap
per, Kansas, said today. .
Tho recent market bicuk wus cited by
Capper - as a reason which legislation
along the lines proposed in tho Kenyon
and kendrick bills should be enacted by
Capper 's statement cornea on the heols
of a similar ono from the National .Con
sumers ' League.
-"While -there is probably no 'ptoof
that tho big packers actually controlled
the situation, I cannot but believe that
thev have been a factor;; Capper aid.
-MI thitik thc'ninrkot would havt boon
better off in such an emergency if the
big five did not have practical control,
They did. nothing to brace up the mar
ket and I can see nd good roaso;t for a
decline to the extent we have just wit
nessed. "I am naturally disappointed that a
scare of this kind should be thrown out
at a time when it would tend to arrest
the movement for regulator logisla
The National Consumers .League-. de
clared that the packers, with then ware
houses bulging with food, could afford
to cease buying just as the senate hear
ings on the Kenyon and Kendrick bills
got under way.
"The farmers of the country aro lie-
nig mado to suiter lor tne sins 01 tnc
packers as in times past," the league
(Continued on page two) . ,
COnON CROP BELOW
Estimate Puts Production
Nearly Mion Bales Be
hind Last Year.
Washington, Sept. 2. (United Press)
A total cotton production of 11,230,000
bales was forecast by tho crop estimate
bureau of the agricultural department
on the basis of reports from field agents
August 23. Total production last yea
was 12,040,532 bales.
Tho condition on August 26 and 61.4
rur cent, eooimvrcd with a condition of
67.1 per cent July 25 and 55.7 per cent
in August a vear ago.
The total production forecast indi
cates wt estimated yield per acre of
about 159.8 pounds. '
Cotton picking has already begun In
the southern portion of Texas, Alabama,
Georgia und Florida. First baling has
been reported , from Mississippi and
"The boll weevil did serious dam
age,", the bureau says, "over consider
able areas in Texas and Oklahoaia and
to a limited extent i'l Arkansas and
Louisiana. Rains damaged the crop in
Texas, Arkansas and Louisiana."
Portlander Mentioned In
Lawler Bomb Outrage Case
Los Angeles, Cal., Sept. 2. The coun
ty graud jury will convene at 10 o'clock
tomorrow morning and complete its in-
ivrstieation of tho bombinb of the home
return n-n indictment against a promi-
name-tbe jury refused to divulge.
Taxation To Blame For
, Higher Cost Of living
' New York, Sept. 2. Remedial'
measures to eliminate direct con- .
tributary causes for the high
cost of living were suggested to-
day by Otto H. Kalin, Of Kahn
Loeb & company.
- Expressing the belief that the.
' system of taxation adopted in
this country since 1917 played a
considerable - part in boosting
prices, Kahn suggested appoint-
inent of a non-political body of ,
experts to try the offects of the
various kinds of taxation in '
force during and since the' end
. of the war and to make rccom-
mendations to congress. '
The excess profits 'tax, Khn
said, had hot stopped, but ra.l v
had intensified profiteering.
The income tax, ho said, is a
breeder of extravagance and
thus Of higher pricos;
PRACTICES OF DOUSTS
Lawyer Veteran Declares Sol
diers Were Denied Proper
Washington, Sept. 2. W. B. Thomas
Minneapolis lawyer, who served as a
private in tho A. E. F., told tho senate
military affairs sub-committee that
army officers tried to prevent him from
def onding accused comrades " before
courts-martial in France.
He declared that excessive punish
ments were inflicted and cited numer
ous instances In support of his charges.
Thomas told how he was sentenced
to four months in a prison camp for
being absent without leave while he
was in an army hospital suffering
from influenza, -
Thomas charged that ho was "rail
roaded" to-prison because ho, as '
lawyer, had helied defond private Hot
eliers in his unit who were haled before
courts-martial. His knowledge of the
law and his insistence that accused men
get their rights angered officers at
courts-martial, Thomas said and re
sulted In his four months' sentence.
He told the committee how a soldier
named Paul Smith, of Bisbee,- Aria.,
who had been so badly wounded that
one leg was useless, was sent' to a
prison camp, wheTO ho was forced to
work with Austrian prisoners, simply
because he refused to make up his bed
in the hospital on the ground that he
was unabe to do so.
Insurgent Movement Among
Illinois Miners Is Killed
St. Louis, Mo., Sept. 2. (United
Press) Tho insurgent movement among
Illinois miners has lost out, according to
David Reid, chairman of the insurgents
"state policy committee. .
Held said ho had stopped attempts to
gam ndheronts. ; 1
Charters of 25 local miners' unions in
various sections of Illinois were n voked
late yesterday by President Fairington,
of tho state miners organization, it be
came known today.
Fnrrlngton said efforts will be made
at once to weed out radicals in locals
that wore not "oxpellcd from tho state
union. - -. '
Witness Says Many of Disquc's
Men Did Not "Know Spruce Tree
From Rosebush;" Waste Charged
Sept. 2. (L'nited
Press.) That tho
construction or tne
government railroad in Lincoln lbuh-j
by the spruce division was a " waste
of public funds,", and that lots of the
soldiers who were engageo m tnu worx
" didn't know a spruee tree from a rose
bush,' 'are statements which were mad.)
u - tn.in.. i... t n vritini-
Miller was tho first witness called
when the congressional sub-committee
resumed its investigation of spruce pro-
ditctioa expenidtures in Portland this
Miller, who had constructed a logging
railroad into tho Lincoln county tim
ber not far from Toledo, Or., criticised
the fuiluro to extend this liue and the
fact the 'spruee production division
threw a line around Otter Rock on the
const, and then back into the timber.
The witness testified that thu mill
built by the government in the Toledo
locality cannot be utilized, except for
its machinery, because, ho said, "it is
too short on one or.d and too long on the
Lawyers, doctors und dentists, con-
PORTS I'M HE
Unprecedented Program Cf
Development To Foiisw .
Fleet Orgadzatica. 1
DANIELS GATHERS DATA
FOR FUTURE REFTJZE
Aviation Station And S-brzr-
ine Base Phsned Fcr Cd-;
By M. D. Tracy
San Francisco, Cnl., Sept, 2. The Pa
cific coast may prepare for an bnmu-
cendted program of naval dcrelapmes
as n- result of the nrirunlzatlon of tie
Pacific fleet. . . . .
. Secretary. Daniels on his present trip
is gathering data on which be wili base
recommendations to congress which will
embody a program involving the imme
diate expenditure of millions of dollars,
la this he is being assisted by Itcar Ad
miral Parks, McKean and McCurmlnV
nnd Commander Hilton of tho bureau ef
supplies and accounts. .
Hy September 24 the secretary will
give to congress his recommendations
for the first work to bo done. It lis,
apparently, quite certain this report will
cover all or part of each of the follow
ing items: . - -j
Kstuhlishmcnt of a naval training sta
tion at Suu Dieco. ; " '
. Construction ot a now naval hot nit al
at Balboa Park, Run Diego. ' , : ;
Probable continuance of the Ran Pedro
submarine base, established during tn
war. - 1 - i
Extensive additions to tho Peaii Hi.-r-
bor, IT. T., nnvv base, including addi
tions to the present shop facilities and
Itecommendutions ns to the esli.-blisB-
ment of the new naval baso and navy
yard at San Frcwiseo, ' " j
Establishment of an aviation station
and submarine base on the Columbia
river, probably in tho vicinity ot As
toria. - " . Y 1
Extensive improvements to naval fa
cilities on Fugot Sound, particularly a-t
Bremerton. ' t t
The work will require nppropi bitterns
of maTiy million dollars ybeforn com
pleted. Tho policy of the navy depart
ment will be to make the first work that
is immediately required for t''0 handling
of the cast naval force ti: comprise tho
Pacific fleet. Later, attention is to be
paid to the smaller projects, sueh as pro
posed establishment of the submarine
and aviation hases on the secondary
harbors of tho Coast,
All of this work will be based largery
on the report of the so-culled Holm board
which investigated and reported on i
detail the rnvul needs of the Pteifie.
coast just prior to the war. Combined
with the data which this report contains
will be the lessons trained from tho war
and the results of detailed; personal
study of certain specific phases of the
(Continued on page two) . !
tinned Miller, largely made up the 510
l v m f'""""-"-"-
in Lincoln county ,ndilmir that tncy pro
duced from five "sides" only as miiea
as 5a experienced men in his employ
T H..n.eH,ntative tj(,. Miller adn.it-
t,mt thp Tolo(lo mill wa8 wcij built
. govr,,,.,,,, purposes: that the
spruce soldiers, though inexperience,
were willing. '
"They eould have been logging spruee
a mile irom tiie c .rt vl iy uni, t
"Would you consider the building of
the road along the coast necessary t"
asked Congressman Magee.
"No," was the reply.
"Would yon consider it a waste of
public fundsl" continued Magee. ;
"To my mind it was," said Wilier.
"Lots of the men sent down there .u
n't know a spruce tree from u rose
bush." '..-' .:
The witness declared no pruductisa
resulted from the Lincoln county i-
(Continucd on pnge twe)